Numismatic Literature
published by
The American Numismatic Society
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General

Alfaro, Carmen, Carmen Marcos, and Paloma Otero (eds.). Actas del XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismàtica. Madrid, 2003.. Ministerio de Cultura, Madrid (2005).

Magnay, D. “Miniature imitation coins,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.9 (December 2003), pp. 364-365.

Zäch, Benedikt. “Beträge zur Geschichte der Numismatik in der Schweiz,” Schweizer Münzblätter 216 (December 2004), pp. 83-84.




Bibliography

Anonymous. “In honorem Dimitar Draganov,” Numismatica Bulgarica 2.1 (2004), pp. 3-8, illus.

A review of the career and published works of Dimitar Draganov. Bulgarian text. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Brown, L. “Corpus Nummorum Italicorum: an index,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 87-89.

Fabry, Edgar. “Nepoznata pisma Josipa Brunšmida / Unknown letters by Josip Brunšmid,” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 202-215, illus.

The author presents seven new letters from the period 1903-1905 discussing the purchase prices of Bulgarian, Serbian, and Bosnian medieval coins. Croatian with English summary. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Missere Fontana, Federica. “Appunti antiquari di Achille Stazio (1525-1581) in una copia del De Notis Romanorum di Marco Valerio Probo (1525) in Biblioteca Estense Universitaria di Modena,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 32 (2003), pp. 303-332, illus.

Su di un opera di M. Valerio Probo edita nel 1525 e conservata a Modena compaiono numerose e fitte note della mano dell'umanista ed erudito portoghese Aquiles Estaço (Achille Stazio, 1524-1581). Di particolare interesse, accanto ai passi sulle epigrafi, sono i riferimenti di argomento numismatico dedicati prevalentemente a monete antiche dell'area veneta e del territorio di Padova, dove a lungo soggiornò prima del suo trasferimento a Roma nel 1557. (A. Carignani)

Nick, Michael. “Ketische Numismatik in der Schweiz 1972-2005,” Schweizer Münzblätter 220 (March 2006), pp. 9-19.

A bibliographical survey of Celtic numismatic studies in Switzerland. (Oliver D. Hoover)

von Kanael, Hans-Markus. “"Die Wissenschaft braucht den Stempel, nicht das Exemplar". Th. Mommsen, F. Imhoof-Blumer und die Edition antiker Münzen,” Schweizer Münzblätter 216 (December 2004), pp. 85-92.

A review of the production of several major nineteenth century numismatic works. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Zäch, Benedikt. “Publikationen zur Schweizer Numismatik 2004,” Schweizer Münzblätter 220 (December 2005), pp. 114-118.




Ancient

Mattingly, H. “From coins to history,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 357-360, illus.

Mor, M., J. Pastor, I. Ronen, and Y. Ashkenazi (eds.). For Uriel. Zalman Shazar, Jerusalem (2005).




Ancient Greek

Amadasi Guzzo, M. Giulia, Mario Liverani, and Paolo Matthiae (eds.). Da Pyrgi a Mozia Studi sull'archeologia del Mediterraneo in memoria di Antonia Ciasca , Quaderno 31. Vicino Oriente, Roma (2002).

Chatr Aryamontri, Deborah. “Insediamenti, vie di comunicazione e circolazione monetale in Peucezia,” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 13-72, illus.

A partire dall'esame della localizzazione dei ripostigli e dei rinvenimenti sporadici di monete l'A. tenta una ricostruzione dell'occupazione del territorio e dei principali tracciati viari in Peucezia dall'età greca a quella romana. (A. Carignani)

Cortenovis, Angelo Maria. “Dissertazione sulle monete appartenenti agli antichi regoli della Carnia,” in Moreno, Mariella (ed.), Delle medaglie carnio illiriche del P. Angelo Maria Cortenovis. Venezia (2003), pp. 45-89, illus.

Edizione del manoscritto del Cortenovis intitolato De Nummis ad Veteres Carnorum Regulos Pertinentibus Dissertatio (A. Carignani)

Eaglen, R. “Portraits of Greek coinage,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 381, illus.

Anonymous. Archeologia nel Mediterraneo. Studi in onore di Ernesto De Miro, Bibliotheca Archaeologica 35. L'Erma di Bretschneider, Roma (2003).

Lavarone, Massimo. “Altre monete riprodotte nei manoscritti del Cortenovis,” in Moreno, Mariella (ed.), Delle medaglie carnio illiriche del P. Angelo Maria Cortenovis. Venezia (2003), pp. 33-42, illus.

L'A. tenta di riconoscere e catalogare gli esemplari monetali greci, romani e medievali raffigurati sui fogli allegati al manoscritto sulle monete celtiche del Cortenovis. (A. Carignani)

von Kanael, Hans-Markus. “"Die Wissenschaft braucht den Stempel, nicht das Exemplar". Th. Mommsen, F. Imhoof-Blumer und die Edition antiker Münzen,” Schweizer Münzblätter 216 (December 2004), pp. 85-92.

A review of the production of several major nineteenth century numismatic works. (Oliver D. Hoover)




Ancient Greek -- Archaic

Bonačić Mandinić, Maja. Greek Coins Displayed in the Archaeological Museum Split. Arheološki muzej-Split, Split (2006). 113 pp., illus.

A catalogue of 214 silver and bronze coins, primarily of the Greek cities of Illyria displayed in the Split Museum. Especially notable is the inclusion of the contents of the Vrbanj hoard of Pharian bronze coins. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Cutroni Tusa, Aldina. “Mozia: considerazioni sui rinvenimenti monetali,” in Amadasi Guzzo, M. Giulia, Mario Liverani, and Paolo Matthiae (eds.), Da Pyrgi a Mozia Studi sull'archeologia del Mediterraneo in memoria di Antonia Ciasca , Quaderno 31. Roma (2002), pp. 163-170.

Attraverso l'esame del materiale numismatico restituito da scavi vecchi e nuovi l'A. ripercorre la circolazione monetarianell'abitato di Mozia dall'età arcaica al IV sec.a.C. Dalle evidenze disponibili risulta anche una discreta frequentazione dell'isola nella media e tarda età imperiale (II-IV sec.d.C.). (A. Carignani)

Lazzarini, Lorenzo. “Monete arcaiche inedite da Selinunte e nuove considerazione sul tipo della foglia,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 32 (2003), pp. 11-22, illus.

L'A. presenta due didrammi e un nominale d'argento arcaici inediti emessi da Selinunte e recanti sul D/ la foglia di selino, pianta-simbolo della città. Si pensa ad una datazione al 480-470 a.C. (A. Carignani)




Ancient Greek -- Classical

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Coins,” in Arubas, Benny and Haim Goldfus (ed.), Excavations on the Site of the Jerusalem International Convention Center (Binyanei ha'Uma): The Pottery and Other Small Finds, JRA Supplementary Series 60. Portsmouth, Rhode Island (2005), pp. 212-224, illus.

Bonačić Mandinić, Maja. Greek Coins Displayed in the Archaeological Museum Split. Arheološki muzej-Split, Split (2006). 113 pp., illus.

A catalogue of 214 silver and bronze coins, primarily of the Greek cities of Illyria displayed in the Split Museum. Especially notable is the inclusion of the contents of the Vrbanj hoard of Pharian bronze coins. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Cappelletti, Loredana. Lucani e Brettii. Ricerche sulla storia politica e istituzionale di due populi dell' Italia antica (V - III sec. A.C.), Europäische Hochschulschriften III.940. Frankfurt/Berlin (2002).

On pp.180ff.: "La monetazione federale lucana: descrizione, cronologia, tipologia"; pp. 222ff.: "La monetazione brettia: descrizione, cronologia, tipologia". (Oliver D. Hoover)

Cutroni Tusa, Aldina. “Mozia: considerazioni sui rinvenimenti monetali,” in Amadasi Guzzo, M. Giulia, Mario Liverani, and Paolo Matthiae (eds.), Da Pyrgi a Mozia Studi sull'archeologia del Mediterraneo in memoria di Antonia Ciasca , Quaderno 31. Roma (2002), pp. 163-170.

Attraverso l'esame del materiale numismatico restituito da scavi vecchi e nuovi l'A. ripercorre la circolazione monetarianell'abitato di Mozia dall'età arcaica al IV sec.a.C. Dalle evidenze disponibili risulta anche una discreta frequentazione dell'isola nella media e tarda età imperiale (II-IV sec.d.C.). (A. Carignani)

Cutroni Tusa, Aldina. “Himera tra realtà e immaginazione,” in Anonymous, Archeologia nel Mediterraneo. Studi in onore di Ernesto De Miro, Bibliotheca Archaeologica 35. Roma (2003), pp. 223-233, illus.

Alcune considerazioni sulla litra di Himera battuta per un breve periodo conclusosi con la distruzione della città nel 409 a.C. Da un punto di vista ponderale queste emissioni bronzee si assestarono sul piede della monetazione siracusana del tempo. (A. Carignani)

De Callataÿ, François. “On the Style of the Aitna Master from Eastern Sicily,” Israel Museum Studies in Archaeology 3 (2004), pp. 43-52, illus.

A discussion of stylistic issues and the light they shed on the makers of ancient coins with particular emphasis on the unique tetradrachm of Aetna in the Belgian Coin Cabinet. The article includes tables of dies used in Sicily during the fifth century BC. (Arnold Spaer)

Gerin, Dominique. “Un faux statère de Stymphale entré au Cabinet du Roi avant 1685,” Schweizer Münzblätter 220 (March 2006), pp. 3-8, illus.

The author discusses a seventeenth century cast forgery of a stater of Stymphalus that can be linked to the mould that produced it. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Giove, Teresa. “Le monete del santuario di Fondo Ruozzo a Teano (CE),” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 209-247, illus.

Le 486 monete rinvenute nel santuario dedicato prima a Demetra e poi a Populona a Teano attestano un'intensa frequentazoione del luogo fra la fine del IV e la fine del III secolo a.C. in concomitanza con la progressiva romanizzazione del territorio. (A. Carignani)

Hirschfeld, Y. Ramat Hanedio Excavations - Final Report of the 1984-1998 Seasons. Jerusalem (2000). 720 pp., illus.

On pp. 89-90, R. Barkay catalogues and illustrates 11 coins found at Horvat 'Aqar, found during the excavation of an area in the Carmel range, south of Haifa. On is a procuratorial issue (AD 59-61), 2 are coins of Caesarea, 2 are llate Roman, 1 is Cilician Armenian, and 4 are Ottoman.On pp. 377-417 and pls. I-XI, Barkay also catalogues 223the coins found in a tunnel of the spring at 'Ein Tzur and the surrounding area in the Carmel range. The coins cover the period from 527 BC to AD 1917, but those from the tunnel are mainly late Roman, Vandalic, Ostrogothic and Byzantine up to the time of Constans II. (Arnold Spaer)

Hurter, Silvia Mani. “Crickets/Grasshoppers/Locusts: A new view on some insect symbols on coins of Magna Graecia and Sicily,” Νομισματικα Χρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 11-20, illus.

The author differentiates three similar insect symbols on issues of Magna Graecia and Sicily. Text in English and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Hurter, Silvia Mani. “Addenda et corrigenda zu G.K. Jenkins, Coins of Punic Sicily Part I,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 5-14, illus.

This article deals with two issues of Motya didrachms which were omitted from Jenkins' Coins of Punic Sicily Part I, one because it was wrongly condemned and another which was classified under Segesta in the Naples cabinet; and with an issue of Panormos that was included in Jenkins' work, but now, 35 years later turns out to be false.It further publishes a reverse die of Segesta of ca. 412 BC which was reengraved for use by Panormos. (Silvia Mani Hurter)

Karayotov, Ivan. “Des statères de Cyzique du littoral sud-est Bulgare de la Mer Noire,” Numismatica Bulgarica 2.1 (2004), pp. 9-13, illus.

The author publishes an electrum stater of Cyzicus with the type of Dionysus on a panther found in the environs of Mesembria. Based on hoard evidence the author concludes that these coins circulated in the region between Pericles' Pontic expedition and the fall of Thrace to Philip II. Bulgarian text with French summary. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Lazzarini, Lorenzo. “La monetazione e il sito di Halykiai (Alicie) città della Sicilia occidentale,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 15-26, illus.

This paper attributes for the first time a silver litra and a few bronze coins to the western Sicilian town of Alicie, and localizes its hitherto unknown site at the top of mount Polizzo, close to the present day village of Vita, on the basis of coin finds.The coinage of Halykiai started around 415 BC with the emission of tetrantes, apparently a unique obol fraction struck by the town, and continued with a litra and related tetras to be dated immediately before the destruction of Motya by Dionisios of Syracuse in 397 BC. After the quick reconquest of Western Sicily by the Carthaginians, Alicie struck more abundant tetrantes to be dated around 390-370 BC. The coin types are connected with the peculiarity of the site, covered by a thick forest and the place of origin of the river Màzaro, the most important in the region: a nymph offering to a dog, Heracles, a boar,a man-headed bull and a dog. The latter is connected with the chthonian cult of the dog attested at Segesta, Eryx and other poleis of western and eastern Sicily. (Lorenzo Lazarini)

Mafre,F. “Le monnayage de Pharnabaze frappé dans l'atalier de Cyzique,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 1-32, illus.

A study of the coinage of Pharnabazos from Cyzicus. (Martin Allen)

Manganaro, Giacomo. “Ancora sui culti della Sicilia Greca: Zeus Soter e il Fiume Sichas,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 82 (2003), pp. 5-15, illus.

The article publishes a Greek silver ring with two eagles picking at a serpent. Parallel scenes on Sicilian coins are discussed, as is the term ΣΟΤΕΡ in ancient Sicily. Further, a unique silver fraction of the [S]Ichaninoi of the early 4th century BC is presented; its reverse type was so far only known from Greek vase painting and depicts a sanctuary of the river-god Sichas. (Silvia Hurter)

Sole, Lavinia. “I rinvenimenti monetali del santuario extramoenia di Sabucina,” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 73-96.

Edizione delle 85 monete di bronzo provenienti dal santuraio suburbano di Sabucina (Caltanissetta), nella Sicilia interna. Gli esemplari raccolti, emessi dalle zecche di Agrigento e di Siracusa, sono tutti riferibili all'ultimo quarto del V secolo a.C. (A. Carignani)

Tsagari, Dimitra I. “Some of the Most Important Acquisitions of the Alpha Bank Collection during 2004,” Νομισματικα Χρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 20-27, illus.

A catalogue of eight new acquisitions, ranging from fifth century BC Camarnia in Sicily to Lycian Oinoanda in the second century BC. Text in English and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Visonà, Paolo. “Greek-Illyrian Coins in Trade, 1904-2005,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 27-46, illus.

For the study of the Greek mint-cities in northern Illyria dealer catalogues are an important tool. In auction catalogues printed between 1904 and 2005 there were 61 specimens of Herakleaia, Pharos, Issa, and King Ballaios, as well as one example from an unidentified mint. (Paulo Visonà)




Ancient Greek -- Hellenistic

Ashton, R.H.J. “Kaunos, not Miletos or Mylasa,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 33-46, illus.

Bronze coins of Alexander III, Philip III and Eupolemos are reattributed to Kaunos. (Martin Allen)

Ashton, R.H.J. and Philip Kinns. “Opuscula Anatolica III,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 70-107, illus.

Four notes on the ancient Greek coinages of Anatolia (Magnesia, Metropolis in Ionia, Rhodes and Apameia). (Martin Allen)

Baldus, Hans R. “Die Fundmünzen,” in Niemeyer, Hans Georg, Roald F. Docter, and Karin E. Schmidt (eds.), Karthago. Die Ergebnisse der Hamburger Grabung unter dem Decumanus Maximus. Mainz (2006), pp. 821-840, pl. 56.

A list of coins (151, nearly all bronze) from the excavations with a commentary by the author:Several Punic coins (4th century BC to 146 BC) ? among them some interesting early and very small ones; one each from the Ptolemaic Cyrenaica, of the Numidian kingdom, and from the island of Ebusus/Baleares.One halved Roman Republican as, one antoninianus of Claudius II Gothicus (268-270).Several Late Roman coins (4th to 5th centuries) ? clipped now and then, Vandalic minimi and Byzantine coins, Carthage mint until about 660 A.D. (Hans R. Baldus)

Benner, Steve M. “Achaean League Hemidrachms,” The Numismatist 118.5 (May 2005), pp. 54-58, illus.

A brief overview of the Achaean League hemidrachms of the second century BC. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “A Coin of Demetrius I from Akko-Ptolemais,” Israel Numismatic Journal 13 (1994-1999), pp. 39-45, illus.

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Coins from Khirbet Badd 'Isa-Qiryat Sefer: Isolated Coins and Two Hoards Dated to the Bar-Kokhba Revolt,” in Magen, Yitzhak, Donald T. Ariel, Gabriela Bijovsky, Yoav Tzionit, and Orna Sirkis, The Land of Benjamin, Judea and Samaria Publications 3. Jerusalem (2004), pp. 234-300, illus.

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Coins,” in Arubas, Benny and Haim Goldfus (ed.), Excavations on the Site of the Jerusalem International Convention Center (Binyanei ha'Uma): The Pottery and Other Small Finds, JRA Supplementary Series 60. Portsmouth, Rhode Island (2005), pp. 212-224, illus.

Bonačić Mandinić, Maja. Greek Coins Displayed in the Archaeological Museum Split. Arheološki muzej-Split, Split (2006). 113 pp., illus.

A catalogue of 214 silver and bronze coins, primarily of the Greek cities of Illyria displayed in the Split Museum. Especially notable is the inclusion of the contents of the Vrbanj hoard of Pharian bronze coins. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Bopearachchi, Osmund and W. Pieper. “Over-struck and double-struck,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 20, illus.

Discussion of a Graeco-Bactrian tetradrachm of Euthydemos I. (Martin Allen)

Cappelletti, Loredana. Lucani e Brettii. Ricerche sulla storia politica e istituzionale di due populi dell' Italia antica (V - III sec. A.C.), Europäische Hochschulschriften III.940. Frankfurt/Berlin (2002).

On pp.180ff.: "La monetazione federale lucana: descrizione, cronologia, tipologia"; pp. 222ff.: "La monetazione brettia: descrizione, cronologia, tipologia". (Oliver D. Hoover)

Dahmen, Karsten. “Die verwundenen Füllhörner des Alexander II. Zabinas,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 32 (2003), pp. 171-183, illus.

Alcune considerazioni sulle emissioni del re seleucide Alessandro II (129-126 a.C.), recanti sul R/ una coppia di cornucopie intrecciate. (A. Carignani)

Damaskos, Dimitris. Untersuchungen zu hellenistischen Kultbildern. Stutgartt (1999).

For coins see index of sources, pp. 347-349. (Hans R. Baldus)

Destrooper, A. “Coins from the New York University excavations on Geronisos (Cyprus), 1990-1997,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 329-331.

The author reports on thirteen Ptolemaic coins found during the excavations. (Martin Allen)

Ehling, Kay, Daniela Pohl, and Mustafa H. Sayar. Kulturbegegnung in einem Brückenland. Gottheiten und Kulte als Indikatoren von Akkulturationsprozessen im Ebenen Kilikien, Asia Minor Studien 53. Bonn (2004).

Coins of Cilicia Pedias play a role in several contributions to the publication; cf. plates 1-6. (Hans R. Baldus)

Geva, H. Jewish Quarter Excavations in the Old City of Jerusalem conducted by Nachman Avigad in 1969-1982. Vol. III. Azen E. and Other Studies. Final Report. Jerusalem (2006). 480 pp., illus.

On pp. 192-217 and pl. 1, D.T. Ariel catalogues and analyzes the 933 bronze and one lead coin found in the excavations. Twenty coins are pre-Hasmonaean (Ptolemaic and Seleucid), 716 are of Alexander Jannaeus, or probably so, 51 are Herodian, 22 post Herodian, and 145 unidentified. (Arnold Spaer)

Giove, Teresa. “Le monete del santuario di Fondo Ruozzo a Teano (CE),” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 209-247, illus.

Le 486 monete rinvenute nel santuario dedicato prima a Demetra e poi a Populona a Teano attestano un'intensa frequentazoione del luogo fra la fine del IV e la fine del III secolo a.C. in concomitanza con la progressiva romanizzazione del territorio. (A. Carignani)

Hirschfeld, Y. Ramat Hanedio Excavations - Final Report of the 1984-1998 Seasons. Jerusalem (2000). 720 pp., illus.

On pp. 89-90, R. Barkay catalogues and illustrates 11 coins found at Horvat 'Aqar, found during the excavation of an area in the Carmel range, south of Haifa. On is a procuratorial issue (AD 59-61), 2 are coins of Caesarea, 2 are llate Roman, 1 is Cilician Armenian, and 4 are Ottoman.On pp. 377-417 and pls. I-XI, Barkay also catalogues 223the coins found in a tunnel of the spring at 'Ein Tzur and the surrounding area in the Carmel range. The coins cover the period from 527 BC to AD 1917, but those from the tunnel are mainly late Roman, Vandalic, Ostrogothic and Byzantine up to the time of Constans II. (Arnold Spaer)

Hoover, Oliver D. “Dethroning Seleucus VII Philometor (Cybiosactes): Epigraphical Arguments Against a Late Seleucid Monarch,” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 151 (2005), pp. 95-99, illus.

The coin type, thought by Kritt to depict Cleopatra Selene and Seleucus Philometor – and to have been struck at Ake-Ptolemais - , de facto is a Damascene bronze issue of that queen together with her son Antiochus XIII, minted between 84/3 and 72/1 B.C. (Hans R. Baldus)

Ireland, S. “An addition to Amastrian coin-types,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 219-221.

A new bronze coin of Amastris in Paphlagonia. (Martin Allen)

Ireland, S. “A new specimen of the KOP cistophorus,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 221-223, illus.

Kind, H.D., K.J. Gilles, A. Hauptmann, and G. Weisgerber. “Coins from Faynan, Jordan,” Levant 37 (2005), pp. 169-195, illus.

1395 coins were found at the site, situated about 50 km south of the Dead Sea at the eastern edge of the Wadi Araba rift valley, during extensive studies of ancient copper production in the area in 1963-1997. 1013 of the coins have been identified. Of these 103 were minted from circ. 300 BC to AD 213. 609 coins are dated between AD 312 and the earthquake of AD 363. The following 60 years are represented by 643 coins and the next 226 years by only 18 coins. No coins were found for the periods AD 656 to 1210 or 1360 to 1800. Eleven Islamic coins date to AD 1210-1360. All 1395 coins are listed. Coin no. 77 is a small copper, apparently unpublished, dated to the third century BC, depicting a bird r. looking backwards on one side and a head (?) on the other. (Arnold Spaer)

Kissel, Theodor. “Lockruf des Mythos. Im Wettstreit mit den homerischen Helden eroberte Alexander die Welt,” Antike Welt 36.3 (2005), pp. 45-52, illus.

On p. 46 with fig. 2 , the author illustrates an enlarged obverse of tetradrachm showing the head of Heracles with features of the great king. (Hans R. Baldus)

Koychev, Atanas. “The Coinage with the Legend ΟΔΡΟΣΩΝ and the Rulers of the Odrysian, Astian, Cenian and Sapeian Dynasties during the 2nd-1st Centuries BC,” Numismatica Bulgarica 2.1 (2004), pp. 14-68, illus.

Lazarenko, Igor. “Sparatesas - An Unknown Thracian Ruler from the End of the Second Decade of the 3rd Century BC,” Нумизматика и Сфрагистика 9 (2002-2003), pp. 3-11, illus.

The author discusses five new bronze coins with the Athena/lion types of Lysimachus but bearing the name of the otherwise unknown Thracian ruler Sparatesas,countermarked in Odessus. Bulgarian text with English summary. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Lehmler, Caroline. Syrakus unter Agathokles und Hieron II. Die Verbindung von Kultur und Macht in einer hellenistischen Metropole. Frankfurt am Main (2005).

This monograph (originally a 2003 University of Munich archaeological thesis) contains an illus. chapter on the relevant coinages (pp. 60-96 with figs. 1-39). (Hans R. Baldus)

Mazar, A. Excavations at Tel Beth-Shean 1989-1996. Vol. I. Late Bronze Age IIB to the Medieval Period. Jerusalem (2006). 736 pp., illus.

On pp. 607-615, N. Mitai-Preis catalogues and illustrates the 48 identifiable coins out of the 370 coins found during the excavations. All are copper apart from two Tyrian tetradrachms dated year 19 (108/7 BC) and 84 (43/2 BC), respectively, and a gigliati of the Order of St. John in Rhodes (early fourteenth century AD). The copper coins include 2 Ptolemaic, 10 Seleucid, 2 Phoenician, 4 Hasmonaean, 6 Roman, 7 Byzantine, and 8 Islamic pieces. (Arnold Spaer)

Meadows, A. “The earliest coinage of Alexandria Troas,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 47-70, illus.

Monov, Metodi. “On the Coins with the Legend ΟΔΡΟΣΩΝ,” Numismatica Bulgarica 2.1 (2004), pp. 69-75, illus.

It is argued that Heracles/bull types naming the Odrysians were struck during the Thracian uprising (184/3 BC) against Philip V at Philipopolis led by Cotys. Bulgarian text with English summary. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Oraiopoulos, Zacharias L. “Hermione,” Νομισματικα Χρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 29-35, illus.

A brief review of the coinage of Hermione in the Hellenistic and Roman periods. Text in English and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Pelagatti, Paola. “Ripostigli di età ellenistica da Camarina,” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 259-266, illus.

Edizione di due ripostigli analoghi di monete prevalentemente siracusane rinvenuti nel territorio e sull'acropoli di Camarina (1967 e 1980). Si tratta di un nucleo di 19 monete e di un gruzzolo di 33 esemplari emessi a nome di Agatocle, Iceta e Pirro. La cronologia di entrambi i depositi va posta nel periodo immediatamente precedente la presa della città da parte dei Romani nel 258 a.C. (A. Carignani)

Ranucci, Samuele. “Pompei; Regio VI: interessante composizione di un piccolo deposito votivo,” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 249-258, illus.

Si dà notizia del rinvenimento di un piccolo deposito monetale effettuato nel 2002 in un vicus di Pompei. Si tratta di 15 monete di area iberica, cirenaica, di Neapolis e di Roma, databili fra il III e l'inizio del I secolo a.C. Di particolare interesse è la presenza di 5 emissioni di Ebusus (nelle Baleari) che attesta l'esistenza di intense relazioni commerciali fra i negotiatores italici e la penisola iberica nel II secolo a.C. (A. Carignani)

Sawaya, Ziad. “Le monnayage municipal séleucide de Bérytos (169/8-114/3? av. J.-C.),” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 109-146.

A study of the Seleucid coinage of Berytos. (Martin Allen)

Schulze, W. “Exclusively from Cyprus? New Ptolemaic countermarks 'Trident' from Israel and Jordan,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 5-6, illus.

Spaldoni, F. “La Collezione numismatica del Santuario di Santa Maria dell'Oriente (L'Aquila),” Liber Annus 53 (2003), pp. 341-364, pls. 27-36.

A catalogue with partial illustration of the 346 coins in this collection, covering coins from Ptolemy II (285-246 BC) to Tiberius III (AD 689-705). (Arnold Spaer)

Stannard, Clive. “Numismatic Evidence for Relations between Spain and Central Italy at the Turn of the Second and First Centuries BC,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 47-80, illus.

The author discusses the historical implications of shared iconography between minor local coinages of Baetica and central Italy, the large numbers of Ebusan bronze coins found in central italy and the rarity of other Spanish coinages, and the massive copying in central Italy of Ebusan bronze. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Tameanko, Marvin. “Phalasarna, an Ancient Pirate City in Crete,” The Journal of the Classical and Medieval Society 5.4 (December 2004), pp. 177-187, illus.

A brief history of Cretan Phalasarna and the coinage produced by the city in the late fourth and third centuries BC. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Tsagari, Dimitra I. “Some of the Most Important Acquisitions of the Alpha Bank Collection during 2004,” Νομισματικα Χρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 20-27, illus.

A catalogue of eight new acquisitions, ranging from fifth century BC Camarnia in Sicily to Lycian Oinoanda in the second century BC. Text in English and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Tyler-Smith, S. “A parcel of Persis drachms, half drachms and obols,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 253-271, illus.

This parcel, probably part of a much larger hoard, contained 231 coins - drachms (5), half drachms (91) and obols (135) - dating from 'Unknown king' (2nd half of 2nd century BC) to Arda&x#x9A;ir IV (end of 2hd century AD). They have been catalogued according to Alram's classification (M. Alram, Nomina Propra Iranica in Nummis, Iranisches Personennamenbuch, vol. 4 (Vienna, 1986)) with the legends transliterated when readable but with all varieties in the details of the bust, symbol etc. not noted by Alram listed. (S. Tyler-Smith)

Vitale, Rosa. “Su rinvenimenti recenti di moneta romano-campana,” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 97-118.

Nuove considerazioni sulla circolazione delle monete romano-campane a partire da rinvenimenti recenti fra i quali, in modo particolare, è da ricordare il ricco tesoretto di S. Martino in Pensilis. (A. Carignani)

Widemann, François. “Une confirmation numismatique de l'ère yavana de 186/185. Une hypothèse sur les causes et les conséquences de l'assassinat d'Eucratide,” Νομισματικα Χρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 37-53, illus.

The author looks at the dated coinages of the Indo-Greek rulers Heliocles and Platon and argues that the dates arecalculated according to a Yavana Era beginning in 186/5 BC. Text in French and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Wilson, L.M. “Demetrios I of Bactria and the 'Greek Era',” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 48.

Wilson, L.M. “Two coinage types of Eukratides II and the murderer of Eukratides I,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 26-28, illus.

Wilson, L.M. “Demetrios II of Bactria and hoards from Ai Khanoum,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 180 (Summer 2004), pp. 12-13.




Ancient -- Celtic

Allen, Martin, R. Abdy, and Philip De Jersey. “Coin Register 2003,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 198-299, illus.

Anonymous. “Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn. Bericht des Direktors für das Jahr 2002,” Bonner Jahrbuch 204 (2004), pp. 359-368, illus.

p. 362, "Münzen": The coin cabinet acquired a double shilling of Wilhelm von Gennep (Cologne), struck at Bonn in 1356; 3,86g, Noss 102a.p. 367, "Münzen": Two Ancient Celtic coins entered the coin cabinet: Ambiani, stater 1st century B.C., 6.13g, Scheers 24, found at Zülpich; Southern Germany, stater (?Regenbogenschüsselchen?) 1st century B.C., 7,58g, de la Tour 9430/Streber 53, found at Zülpich. Also: 102 German banknotes, 1922-23. (Hans R. Baldus)

Buora, Maurizio. “Il Cortenovi, l'Asquini e le ricerche sui documenti celtici,” in Moreno, Mariella (ed.), Delle medaglie carnio illiriche del P. Angelo Maria Cortenovis. Venezia (2003), pp. 13-32.

Fra la produzione di argomento numismatico del Cortenovis particolare interesse presenta il suo studio sulle monete celtiche a partire dal rinvenimento del tesoretto di Zuglio Carnico (1762). Questo settore di indagine ricevette dalle opere del Cortenovis un notevolissimo impulso ed ad esse farà frequentemente riferimento le letteratura successiva. (A. Carignani)

Cortenovis, Angelo Maria. “Dissertazione sulle monete appartenenti agli antichi regoli della Carnia,” in Moreno, Mariella (ed.), Delle medaglie carnio illiriche del P. Angelo Maria Cortenovis. Venezia (2003), pp. 45-89, illus.

Edizione del manoscritto del Cortenovis intitolato De Nummis ad Veteres Carnorum Regulos Pertinentibus Dissertatio (A. Carignani)

De Jersey, P. and N. Wickenden. “A hoard of staters of Cunobelin and Dubnovellaunos from Great Waltham, Essex,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 175-178, illus.

Krüger, Thomas and Christina Maassen. “Rheinisches Amt für Bodendenkmalpflege: Ausgrabungen, Funde und Befunde 2001 und 2002,” Bonner Jahrbuch 204 (2004), pp. 273-358, illus.

Many coins are mentioned in the report, several of which were identified by Claudia Klages from the Bonn coin cabinet. Only some Ancient Celtic or Roman Republican, most of the coins are Roman Imperial 1st ? 4th/5th century A.D., some European medieval, some early modern or modern. See pp. 288, 289, 291, 293, 294 (2001); 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, 338, 345 and 351 (2002). (Hans R. Baldus)

Lavarone, Massimo. “Altre monete riprodotte nei manoscritti del Cortenovis,” in Moreno, Mariella (ed.), Delle medaglie carnio illiriche del P. Angelo Maria Cortenovis. Venezia (2003), pp. 33-42, illus.

L'A. tenta di riconoscere e catalogare gli esemplari monetali greci, romani e medievali raffigurati sui fogli allegati al manoscritto sulle monete celtiche del Cortenovis. (A. Carignani)

Nick, Michael. “Ketische Numismatik in der Schweiz 1972-2005,” Schweizer Münzblätter 220 (March 2006), pp. 9-19.

A bibliographical survey of Celtic numismatic studies in Switzerland. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Rudd, Chris. “Die Cheriton-Fälschungen,” Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt 54.6 (2005), pp. 246, illus.

The author reports on a group of gold staters of the Cheriton Smiler type (Belgae, c. 55-45 BC) which definitely seem to be modern imitations. (Hans R. Baldus)

Walker, C.T. “Concerning a silver unit of Verica ruler of the Atrebates,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 295-296, illus.




Ancient -- Parthian

Assar, G.R.F. “The Genealogy of the Parthian King Sinatruces (93/2-69/8 BC),” The Journal of the Classical and Medieval Society 6.2 (June 2005), pp. 16-33, illus.

Numismatic and textual evidence are used in an attempt to determine the genealogy of Sinatruces. (Oliver D. Hoover)




Ancient -- Etruscan

Adembri, Benedetta. “Un tesoretto di monete e frammenti di storia etrusca (Civitella Paganico GR),” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 203-207, illus.

Otto denarii d'argento di età repubblicana rinvenuti nel territorio di Civitella Paganico (Grosseto) nel 1989-90. La maggior parte di essi furono emessi fra l'88 e l'80 a.C. e possono essere riferiti al difficile periodo delle guerre civili in Etruria e allo sbarco di Mario a Talamone nell'87 a.C. (A. Carignani)

Tangheroni, Marco (ed.). Pisa e il Mediterraneo. Uomini, merci, idee dagli Etruschi ai Medici,. Pisa/Milano (2003).




Ancient -- Punic

Baldus, Hans R. “Die Fundmünzen,” in Niemeyer, Hans Georg, Roald F. Docter, and Karin E. Schmidt (eds.), Karthago. Die Ergebnisse der Hamburger Grabung unter dem Decumanus Maximus. Mainz (2006), pp. 821-840, pl. 56.

A list of coins (151, nearly all bronze) from the excavations with a commentary by the author:Several Punic coins (4th century BC to 146 BC) ? among them some interesting early and very small ones; one each from the Ptolemaic Cyrenaica, of the Numidian kingdom, and from the island of Ebusus/Baleares.One halved Roman Republican as, one antoninianus of Claudius II Gothicus (268-270).Several Late Roman coins (4th to 5th centuries) ? clipped now and then, Vandalic minimi and Byzantine coins, Carthage mint until about 660 A.D. (Hans R. Baldus)

Tameanko, Marvin. “Lepcis Magna: Ancient Emporium City in North Africa,” The Journal of the Classical and Medieval Society 6.2 (June 2005), pp. 5-15, illus.

A review of the history of the city and the coinage produced in Lepcis Magna during Punic and Roman rule. (Oliver D. Hoover)




Ancient -- Jewish

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “A Hoard of Coins of Mattathias Antigonus from 'Ein Feshkha,” Israel Exploration Journal 54 (2004), pp. 75-76, illus.

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Coins from Khirbet Badd 'Isa-Qiryat Sefer: Isolated Coins and Two Hoards Dated to the Bar-Kokhba Revolt,” in Magen, Yitzhak, Donald T. Ariel, Gabriela Bijovsky, Yoav Tzionit, and Orna Sirkis, The Land of Benjamin, Judea and Samaria Publications 3. Jerusalem (2004), pp. 234-300, illus.

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Coins,” in Arubas, Benny and Haim Goldfus (ed.), Excavations on the Site of the Jerusalem International Convention Center (Binyanei ha'Uma): The Pottery and Other Small Finds, JRA Supplementary Series 60. Portsmouth, Rhode Island (2005), pp. 212-224, illus.

Eshel, H. “On Harp and Lyre: A Comment on Bar Kokhba Bronze Coins,” in Mor, M., J. Pastor, I. Ronen, and Y. Ashkenazi (eds.), For Uriel. Jerusalem (2005), pp. 29-40.

During the Bar Kokhba War, bronze coins with a nebel (harp) were minted in the first and second years, while in the third year of the war, bronze coins with a kinor (lyre) were struck. This is in opposition to all other bronze and large silver coins, the designs of which never changed during the course of the war. Both the harp and the lyre were instruments used in the ceremonies of the Temple. In biblical Hebrew, NBL is a goat skin, and therefore the harp is an instrument made from a goat skin container. For this reason the body of the nebel (harp) was wider than the lyre. On the other hand, the body of the kinor (lyre) was composed of wood and was consequently thinner and more elegant than that of the harp.In this note, the fact that Bar Kokhba bronze coins with the harp from the first year of the war are much heavier (average 10.23g) than the same type from the second year (average 6.27g) is stressed. No explanation for this phenomenon is offered, but it may be that because of this disparity in weight it was decided to change the type to a lyre in the third year. In this way coins of year three which were half the weight of the coins of year one could be differentiated by design. . (H. Eshel)

Geva, H. Jewish Quarter Excavations in the Old City of Jerusalem conducted by Nachman Avigad in 1969-1982. Vol. III. Azen E. and Other Studies. Final Report. Jerusalem (2006). 480 pp., illus.

On pp. 192-217 and pl. 1, D.T. Ariel catalogues and analyzes the 933 bronze and one lead coin found in the excavations. Twenty coins are pre-Hasmonaean (Ptolemaic and Seleucid), 716 are of Alexander Jannaeus, or probably so, 51 are Herodian, 22 post Herodian, and 145 unidentified. (Arnold Spaer)

Mazar, A. Excavations at Tel Beth-Shean 1989-1996. Vol. I. Late Bronze Age IIB to the Medieval Period. Jerusalem (2006). 736 pp., illus.

On pp. 607-615, N. Mitai-Preis catalogues and illustrates the 48 identifiable coins out of the 370 coins found during the excavations. All are copper apart from two Tyrian tetradrachms dated year 19 (108/7 BC) and 84 (43/2 BC), respectively, and a gigliati of the Order of St. John in Rhodes (early fourteenth century AD). The copper coins include 2 Ptolemaic, 10 Seleucid, 2 Phoenician, 4 Hasmonaean, 6 Roman, 7 Byzantine, and 8 Islamic pieces. (Arnold Spaer)

Mor, M., J. Pastor, I. Ronen, and Y. Ashkenazi (eds.). For Uriel. Zalman Shazar, Jerusalem (2005).




Ancient Near East

Arubas, Benny and Haim Goldfus (ed.). Excavations on the Site of the Jerusalem International Convention Center (Binyanei ha'Uma): The Pottery and Other Small Finds, JRA Supplementary Series 60. Journal of Roman Archaeology, Portsmouth, Rhode Island (2005).

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “A Coin of Demetrius I from Akko-Ptolemais,” Israel Numismatic Journal 13 (1994-1999), pp. 39-45, illus.

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Gush Halav Hoard Reconsidered,” 'Atiqot 35 (1998), pp. 77-108, illus.

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “More about Pygmalion from Tyre,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 29 (2000), pp. 319-332, illus.

Gitler, Haim and Gabriela Bijovsky. “The Coins of Pygmalion from Tyre: A Chronological Sequence from Elagabal to Gallienus,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 31 (2002), pp. 317-324, illus.

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Myth of Daphne on a Coin Minted at Damascus,” American Numismatic Journal 15 (2003), pp. 53-59, illus.

A Roman provincial coin struck at Damascus under Volusian depicts on the reverse an image that is best paralleled by depictions of the myth of Daphne, specifically representations of her metamorphosis. This third-century depiction is most closely paralleled by examples from Coptic art. The myth of Daphne is well known to have been connected with Antioch in Syria, but the paucity of literary evidence for Roman Damascus leaves us with no indication for why this scene should have been used there. (Gabriela Bijovsky)

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “A Hoard of Coins of Mattathias Antigonus from 'Ein Feshkha,” Israel Exploration Journal 54 (2004), pp. 75-76, illus.

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Coins from Khirbet Badd 'Isa-Qiryat Sefer: Isolated Coins and Two Hoards Dated to the Bar-Kokhba Revolt,” in Magen, Yitzhak, Donald T. Ariel, Gabriela Bijovsky, Yoav Tzionit, and Orna Sirkis, The Land of Benjamin, Judea and Samaria Publications 3. Jerusalem (2004), pp. 234-300, illus.

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Coins,” in Arubas, Benny and Haim Goldfus (ed.), Excavations on the Site of the Jerusalem International Convention Center (Binyanei ha'Uma): The Pottery and Other Small Finds, JRA Supplementary Series 60. Portsmouth, Rhode Island (2005), pp. 212-224, illus.

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Ambrosial Rocks and the Sacred Precinct of Melqart in Tyre,” in Alfaro, Carmen, Carmen Marcos, and Paloma Otero (eds.), Actas del XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismàtica. Madrid, 2003.. Madrid (2005), pp. 829-834, illus.

Ehling, Kay. “Die Speisung der Fünftausend und die Reisekasse der Jünger. Anmerkungen zu Mk. 6, 35-37,” Münstersche Beiträge zur Antiken Handelsgeschichte 23.2 (2005), pp. 47-58.

From Mark 6:37 (200 denarii were needed to give bread to 5,000 hungry people) one may deduce that the average price for bread in contemporary Galilee was about 6 lepta – i.e. lower than in Rome. (Hans R. Baldus)

Eshel, H. “On Harp and Lyre: A Comment on Bar Kokhba Bronze Coins,” in Mor, M., J. Pastor, I. Ronen, and Y. Ashkenazi (eds.), For Uriel. Jerusalem (2005), pp. 29-40.

During the Bar Kokhba War, bronze coins with a nebel (harp) were minted in the first and second years, while in the third year of the war, bronze coins with a kinor (lyre) were struck. This is in opposition to all other bronze and large silver coins, the designs of which never changed during the course of the war. Both the harp and the lyre were instruments used in the ceremonies of the Temple. In biblical Hebrew, NBL is a goat skin, and therefore the harp is an instrument made from a goat skin container. For this reason the body of the nebel (harp) was wider than the lyre. On the other hand, the body of the kinor (lyre) was composed of wood and was consequently thinner and more elegant than that of the harp.In this note, the fact that Bar Kokhba bronze coins with the harp from the first year of the war are much heavier (average 10.23g) than the same type from the second year (average 6.27g) is stressed. No explanation for this phenomenon is offered, but it may be that because of this disparity in weight it was decided to change the type to a lyre in the third year. In this way coins of year three which were half the weight of the coins of year one could be differentiated by design. . (H. Eshel)

Geva, H. Jewish Quarter Excavations in the Old City of Jerusalem conducted by Nachman Avigad in 1969-1982. Vol. III. Azen E. and Other Studies. Final Report. Jerusalem (2006). 480 pp., illus.

On pp. 192-217 and pl. 1, D.T. Ariel catalogues and analyzes the 933 bronze and one lead coin found in the excavations. Twenty coins are pre-Hasmonaean (Ptolemaic and Seleucid), 716 are of Alexander Jannaeus, or probably so, 51 are Herodian, 22 post Herodian, and 145 unidentified. (Arnold Spaer)

Hoover, Oliver D. “Dethroning Seleucus VII Philometor (Cybiosactes): Epigraphical Arguments Against a Late Seleucid Monarch,” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 151 (2005), pp. 95-99, illus.

The coin type, thought by Kritt to depict Cleopatra Selene and Seleucus Philometor – and to have been struck at Ake-Ptolemais - , de facto is a Damascene bronze issue of that queen together with her son Antiochus XIII, minted between 84/3 and 72/1 B.C. (Hans R. Baldus)

Kind, H.D., K.J. Gilles, A. Hauptmann, and G. Weisgerber. “Coins from Faynan, Jordan,” Levant 37 (2005), pp. 169-195, illus.

1395 coins were found at the site, situated about 50 km south of the Dead Sea at the eastern edge of the Wadi Araba rift valley, during extensive studies of ancient copper production in the area in 1963-1997. 1013 of the coins have been identified. Of these 103 were minted from circ. 300 BC to AD 213. 609 coins are dated between AD 312 and the earthquake of AD 363. The following 60 years are represented by 643 coins and the next 226 years by only 18 coins. No coins were found for the periods AD 656 to 1210 or 1360 to 1800. Eleven Islamic coins date to AD 1210-1360. All 1395 coins are listed. Coin no. 77 is a small copper, apparently unpublished, dated to the third century BC, depicting a bird r. looking backwards on one side and a head (?) on the other. (Arnold Spaer)

Magen, Yitzhak, Donald T. Ariel, Gabriela Bijovsky, Yoav Tzionit, and Orna Sirkis. The Land of Benjamin, Judea and Samaria Publications 3. Staff Officer of Archaeology-Civil Administration of Judea and Samaria, Jerusalem (2004).

Mor, M., J. Pastor, I. Ronen, and Y. Ashkenazi (eds.). For Uriel. Zalman Shazar, Jerusalem (2005).

On, A. and G. Weksler-Bdolah. “Khiybet Um el-Umdan - A Jewish Village with a Synagogue from the Second Temple Period at Modiin,” Qadmoniot 38.130 (2005), pp. 107-116, illus.

At this site, NW of Jerusalem, in excavations of a dwelling house, W. of the synagogue, coins of Marcus Aurelius and Domitian were found (p. 115). They are not further described. (Arnold Spaer)

Savage, Stephen H. and Donald R. Keller. “Archaeology in Jordan, 2005 Season,” American Journal of Archaeology 110.3 (July 2006), pp. 471-491, illus.

On pp. 486 and 490 the authors discuss and illustrate a denarius of Trajan discovered during the excavation of the Via Principalis of the Roman fort at al-Humayma. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Sawaya, Ziad. “Le monnayage municipal séleucide de Bérytos (169/8-114/3? av. J.-C.),” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 109-146.

A study of the Seleucid coinage of Berytos. (Martin Allen)

Spaldoni, F. “La Collezione numismatica del Santuario di Santa Maria dell'Oriente (L'Aquila),” Liber Annus 53 (2003), pp. 341-364, pls. 27-36.

A catalogue with partial illustration of the 346 coins in this collection, covering coins from Ptolemy II (285-246 BC) to Tiberius III (AD 689-705). (Arnold Spaer)

Waner, M. and Z. Safrai. “A Catalogue of Coin Hoards and the Shelf Life of Coins in Palestine Hoards during the Roman and Byzantine Periods,” Liber Annus 51 (2001), pp. 305-336.

A listing of 152 hoards and their "shelf life"(i.e. the time spans from the earliest to latest coins in the hoards), making deductions on the circulation times of coins in hoards. (Arnold Spaer)




Roman

Allen, Martin, R. Abdy, and Philip De Jersey. “Coin Register 2003,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 198-299, illus.

Amadasi Guzzo, M. Giulia, Mario Liverani, and Paolo Matthiae (eds.). Da Pyrgi a Mozia Studi sull'archeologia del Mediterraneo in memoria di Antonia Ciasca , Quaderno 31. Vicino Oriente, Roma (2002).

Anonymous. Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde, 2nd ed., vol. 28, Seddin - Skíringssal. Berlin/New York (2005).

Several articles may be interesting to the numismatist (ancient-medieval coins): i.e. that of St. Krmnicek, "Silbergeld", pp. 440-443; Wilhelm Hollstein, "Siliqua," pp. 445-451, illus. (plate 11, a-f); L. Lind, "Sindarve," pp. 456-458, illus. (plate 12, illustrationg the 1st-2nd century AD Roman silver hoard, Gotland 1870, deposited after 300 AD, and which included imperial denarii (several pierced and/or worn, some imitations)); M. Milinkoviç, "Sirmium," pp. 499-503; Ralf Wiechmann, "Skandinavisches Münzwesen," pp. 604-614, illus. (sketches). (Hans R. Baldus)

Benzo, Fabio (ed.). Sisto IV. Le Arti a Roma nel Primo Rinascimento. Atti del Convegno Internazionale. Associazione Culturale Shakespeare and Company, Roma (2000).

Chatr Aryamontri, Deborah. “Insediamenti, vie di comunicazione e circolazione monetale in Peucezia,” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 13-72, illus.

A partire dall'esame della localizzazione dei ripostigli e dei rinvenimenti sporadici di monete l'A. tenta una ricostruzione dell'occupazione del territorio e dei principali tracciati viari in Peucezia dall'età greca a quella romana. (A. Carignani)

Cortenovis, Angelo Maria. “Dissertazione sulle monete appartenenti agli antichi regoli della Carnia,” in Moreno, Mariella (ed.), Delle medaglie carnio illiriche del P. Angelo Maria Cortenovis. Venezia (2003), pp. 45-89, illus.

Edizione del manoscritto del Cortenovis intitolato De Nummis ad Veteres Carnorum Regulos Pertinentibus Dissertatio (A. Carignani)

Anonymous. Archeologia nel Mediterraneo. Studi in onore di Ernesto De Miro, Bibliotheca Archaeologica 35. L'Erma di Bretschneider, Roma (2003).

Beltrán Fortes, José, Beatrice Cacciotti, Xavier Dupré Raventós, and Beatrice Palma Venetucci (eds.). Illuminismo e Ilustración. Le antichità e i loro protagonisti in Spagna e in Italia nel XVIII secolo. L'Erma di Bretschneider, Roma (2003).

Lavarone, Massimo. “Altre monete riprodotte nei manoscritti del Cortenovis,” in Moreno, Mariella (ed.), Delle medaglie carnio illiriche del P. Angelo Maria Cortenovis. Venezia (2003), pp. 33-42, illus.

L'A. tenta di riconoscere e catalogare gli esemplari monetali greci, romani e medievali raffigurati sui fogli allegati al manoscritto sulle monete celtiche del Cortenovis. (A. Carignani)

Moreno, Mariella (ed.). Delle medaglie carnio illiriche del P. Angelo Maria Cortenovis. Villa Manin-Passeriano, Venezia (2003).

Spaldoni, F. “La Collezione numismatica del Santuario di Santa Maria dell'Oriente (L'Aquila),” Liber Annus 53 (2003), pp. 341-364, pls. 27-36.

A catalogue with partial illustration of the 346 coins in this collection, covering coins from Ptolemy II (285-246 BC) to Tiberius III (AD 689-705). (Arnold Spaer)

Tangheroni, Marco (ed.). Pisa e il Mediterraneo. Uomini, merci, idee dagli Etruschi ai Medici,. Pisa/Milano (2003).

Viglietti, Cristiano. “Intorno a Le origini della moneta di Philip Grierson: lo scomodo caso di Roma,” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 291-333.

L'uscita dell'edizione italiana del fondamentale lavoro di Philip Grierson The Origins of Money offre all'A. l'occasione per verificare, alla luce delle testimonianze delle fonti e dei dati archeologici, le teorie generali illustrate nell'opera in rapporto alla nascita della moneta nel mondo romano. (A. Carignani)

von Kanael, Hans-Markus. “"Die Wissenschaft braucht den Stempel, nicht das Exemplar". Th. Mommsen, F. Imhoof-Blumer und die Edition antiker Münzen,” Schweizer Münzblätter 216 (December 2004), pp. 85-92.

A review of the production of several major nineteenth century numismatic works. (Oliver D. Hoover)




Roman Republican

Adembri, Benedetta. “Un tesoretto di monete e frammenti di storia etrusca (Civitella Paganico GR),” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 203-207, illus.

Otto denarii d'argento di età repubblicana rinvenuti nel territorio di Civitella Paganico (Grosseto) nel 1989-90. La maggior parte di essi furono emessi fra l'88 e l'80 a.C. e possono essere riferiti al difficile periodo delle guerre civili in Etruria e allo sbarco di Mario a Talamone nell'87 a.C. (A. Carignani)

Baldus, Hans R. “Die Fundmünzen,” in Niemeyer, Hans Georg, Roald F. Docter, and Karin E. Schmidt (eds.), Karthago. Die Ergebnisse der Hamburger Grabung unter dem Decumanus Maximus. Mainz (2006), pp. 821-840, pl. 56.

A list of coins (151, nearly all bronze) from the excavations with a commentary by the author:Several Punic coins (4th century BC to 146 BC) ? among them some interesting early and very small ones; one each from the Ptolemaic Cyrenaica, of the Numidian kingdom, and from the island of Ebusus/Baleares.One halved Roman Republican as, one antoninianus of Claudius II Gothicus (268-270).Several Late Roman coins (4th to 5th centuries) ? clipped now and then, Vandalic minimi and Byzantine coins, Carthage mint until about 660 A.D. (Hans R. Baldus)

Bonačić Mandinić, Maja. Roman Republican Coins Displayed in the Archaeological Museum Split. Arheološki muzej-Split, Split (2006). 141 pp., illus.

A catalogue of 282 silver denarii and aes coins of the Roman Republic displayed in the Split Museum. Most come from ninteenth century collections formed in Dalmatia. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Cutroni Tusa, Aldina. “Ancora novità sul quadrigato,” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 287-289, illus.

In una breve nota, l'A. sottolinea la diffusione, attestata da rinvenimenti recenti, del quadrigato romano nella Sicilia occidentale. (A. Carignani)

Giove, Teresa. “Le monete del santuario di Fondo Ruozzo a Teano (CE),” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 209-247, illus.

Le 486 monete rinvenute nel santuario dedicato prima a Demetra e poi a Populona a Teano attestano un'intensa frequentazoione del luogo fra la fine del IV e la fine del III secolo a.C. in concomitanza con la progressiva romanizzazione del territorio. (A. Carignani)

Krüger, Thomas and Christina Maassen. “Rheinisches Amt für Bodendenkmalpflege: Ausgrabungen, Funde und Befunde 2001 und 2002,” Bonner Jahrbuch 204 (2004), pp. 273-358, illus.

Many coins are mentioned in the report, several of which were identified by Claudia Klages from the Bonn coin cabinet. Only some Ancient Celtic or Roman Republican, most of the coins are Roman Imperial 1st ? 4th/5th century A.D., some European medieval, some early modern or modern. See pp. 288, 289, 291, 293, 294 (2001); 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, 338, 345 and 351 (2002). (Hans R. Baldus)

Methy, Nicole. “Romulus conditor: un type monétaire mal connu,” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 157-184, illus.

L'A. prende in esame l'adozione sulle monete romane, rara e alquanto sporadica, dell'iconografia di Romolo in armi, fondatore della città. La prima apparizione di questa immagine si data al 56 a.C. (denarius di C. Memmius), mentre in età imperiale il tipo si ritroverà su aurei di Adriano e di Antonino Pio e su bronzi di Commodo e Severo Alessandro. (A. Carignani)

Pelagatti, Paola. “Ripostigli di età ellenistica da Camarina,” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 259-266, illus.

Edizione di due ripostigli analoghi di monete prevalentemente siracusane rinvenuti nel territorio e sull'acropoli di Camarina (1967 e 1980). Si tratta di un nucleo di 19 monete e di un gruzzolo di 33 esemplari emessi a nome di Agatocle, Iceta e Pirro. La cronologia di entrambi i depositi va posta nel periodo immediatamente precedente la presa della città da parte dei Romani nel 258 a.C. (A. Carignani)

Ranucci, Samuele. “Pompei; Regio VI: interessante composizione di un piccolo deposito votivo,” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 249-258, illus.

Si dà notizia del rinvenimento di un piccolo deposito monetale effettuato nel 2002 in un vicus di Pompei. Si tratta di 15 monete di area iberica, cirenaica, di Neapolis e di Roma, databili fra il III e l'inizio del I secolo a.C. Di particolare interesse è la presenza di 5 emissioni di Ebusus (nelle Baleari) che attesta l'esistenza di intense relazioni commerciali fra i negotiatores italici e la penisola iberica nel II secolo a.C. (A. Carignani)

Ryan, Frank. “Der Sonnengott auf den Münzen der Römischen Republik,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 81-92, illus.

It is possible to offer new interpretations of seven Roman republican coin types depicting the sun god. Only one of the types commemorates the achievements of an ancestor. The other six types exemplify the exploitation of minting to publicize political views on the most current events: there is an instance of national propaganda from the 130s BC, of state propaganda from the period of Caesar's ascendancy, and four cases of counterpropaganda from the triumviral side during the death throes of the republic. (Frank Ryan)

Serafin, Patrizia. “Il documento moneta nella "Vida de Cicerón" di José Nicolas de Azara,” in Beltrán Fortes, José, Beatrice Cacciotti, Xavier Dupré Raventós, and Beatrice Palma Venetucci (eds.), Illuminismo e Ilustración. Le antichità e i loro protagonisti in Spagna e in Italia nel XVIII secolo. Roma (2003), pp. 341-356.

L'A. sottolinea il valore e l'importanza della traduzione in spagnolo della biografia di C. Middleton, The life of M. T. Cicero, pubblicata a Londra nel 1749. Autore di questa versione è J. N. de Azara, colto e versatile protagonista della vita culturale, politica e mondana nella Spagna del '700. Oltre ad un prologo del traduttore l'opera è arricchita da una serie diu illustrazioni numismatiche che segnalano il rilevante interesse di Azara per la moneta come documento non meramente illustrativo , ma con vera e propria valenza politico-ideologica. (A. Carignani)

Stannard, Clive. “Numismatic Evidence for Relations between Spain and Central Italy at the Turn of the Second and First Centuries BC,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 47-80, illus.

The author discusses the historical implications of shared iconography between minor local coinages of Baetica and central Italy, the large numbers of Ebusan bronze coins found in central italy and the rarity of other Spanish coinages, and the massive copying in central Italy of Ebusan bronze. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Verboven, Koenraad. “54-44 BCE: Financial or monetary crisis?” in Lo Cascio, Elio (ed.), Credito e moneta nel mondo romano, Atti degli Incontri capresi di storia dell'economia antica (Capri 12-14 ottobre 2000). Bari (2003), pp. 49-68.

Dall'esame delle fonti e della composizione dei tesoretti l'A. nega che la crisi economica dell'età cesariana sia stata determinata da ragioni di insufficienza di circolante monetario attribuendone le cause a motivi finanziari che portarono ad aumenti di prezzi in un contesto di contrazione dei livelli di produzione. (A. Carignani)

Vitale, Rosa. “Su rinvenimenti recenti di moneta romano-campana,” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 97-118.

Nuove considerazioni sulla circolazione delle monete romano-campane a partire da rinvenimenti recenti fra i quali, in modo particolare, è da ricordare il ricco tesoretto di S. Martino in Pensilis. (A. Carignani)

Walter, Uwe. Memoria und res publica. Zur Geschichtskultur im republikanischen Rom. Frankfurt am Main (2004).

For coins/coinage see Index p. 472 s.v. Münzen/Münzprägung. (Hans R. Baldus)

Woytek, B.E. “Trajan's restoration of the denarius RRC 343/1b,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 227-233, illus.




Roman Imperial

Alföldi, Maria R. “Il messaggio dei multipli tardoantichi,” in Paulo Pasini, Olivares (ed.), 387 d.C. Ambrogio e Agostino, le sorgenti dell'Europa. Milano (2003), pp. 93-95, illus.

Lo studio è dedicato ai multipli, vale a dire a quegli esemplari di grosso taglio, simili ai medaglioni, ma, al contrario di questi, con pieno valore monetario, che da Augusto in poi furono coniati per trasmettere il messaggio del potere e la visione propagandistica dell'imperatore. Il contributo prende in esame alcuni pezzi particolarmente significativi di epoca tardo-antica. (A. Carignani)

Andreau, Jean. “Conclusions,” in Lo Cascio, Elio (ed.), Credito e moneta nel mondo romano, Atti degli Incontri capresi di storia dell'economia antica (Capri 12-14 ottobre 2000). Bari (2003), pp. 281-288.

Vengono tratte le conclusioni del convegno sul credito e la moneta nel mondo romano con ampi commenti e note sui contributi scientifici presentati. (A. Carignani)

Arslan, Ermanno A. “Propaganda e immagine nella moneta di IV-V secolo,” in Paulo Pasini, Olivares (ed.), 387 d.C. Ambrogio e Agostino, le sorgenti dell'Europa. Milano (2003), pp. 96-99, illus.

Le emissioni bronzee, destinate all'esercito e alle classi medio-basse, furono in epoca tardoantica il veicolo principale per la propaganda corrente dei messaggi del potere. Al contrario, la monetazione aurea, più conservativa, ospitò rappresentazioni legate ai valori e ai temi stabili del mondo romano. Per questo motivo, tali iconografie sopravvissero alla caduta dell'impero nelle monetazioni successive, mentre le prime furono presto abbandonate. (A. Carignani)

Arslan, Ermanno A. “Simbolo del potere. Potere del simbolo. Appunti per l'analisi di una strategia della comunicazione da Augusto Imperatore agli Ottoni,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 32 (2003), pp. 337-363, illus.

Le esigenze di comunicazione dell'autorità e del comando, mediante l'immagine e la funzionalità dei simboli del potere, vengono ripercorse dall'A., grazie alla documentazione numismatica, per l'età romana imperiale e fino a tutto l'alto medioevo. (A. Carignani)

Aubert, Jean-Jacques. “Monetary policy and Gresham law in the late third century A.D.” in Lo Cascio, Elio (ed.), Credito e moneta nel mondo romano, Atti degli Incontri capresi di storia dell'economia antica (Capri 12-14 ottobre 2000). Bari (2003), pp. 245-263.

L'A. prende in esame le linee della politica monetaria della seconda metà del III secolo d.C. fino a Diocleziano, caratterizzata dalla progressiva perdita del fino d'argento della moneta. A questo proposito viene verificata la validità della legge di Gresham (la moneta cattiva scaccia la buona). (A. Carignani)

Baldus, Hans R. “Die Fundmünzen,” in Niemeyer, Hans Georg, Roald F. Docter, and Karin E. Schmidt (eds.), Karthago. Die Ergebnisse der Hamburger Grabung unter dem Decumanus Maximus. Mainz (2006), pp. 821-840, pl. 56.

A list of coins (151, nearly all bronze) from the excavations with a commentary by the author:Several Punic coins (4th century BC to 146 BC) ? among them some interesting early and very small ones; one each from the Ptolemaic Cyrenaica, of the Numidian kingdom, and from the island of Ebusus/Baleares.One halved Roman Republican as, one antoninianus of Claudius II Gothicus (268-270).Several Late Roman coins (4th to 5th centuries) ? clipped now and then, Vandalic minimi and Byzantine coins, Carthage mint until about 660 A.D. (Hans R. Baldus)

Benassi, Francesco, Nicoletta Giordani, and Carlo Poggi. “Una tessera numerale con scena erotica da un contesto funerario di Mutina,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 32 (2003), pp. 249-273, illus.

Edizione di 4 monete di età giulio-claudia e di una spintria, tessera monetale con scena erotica, rinvenute in un corredo tombale di una necropoli sita sulla via Aemilia, ad est di Mutina (Modena). (A. Carignani)

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Gush Halav Hoard Reconsidered,” 'Atiqot 35 (1998), pp. 77-108, illus.

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Coins from Khirbet Badd 'Isa-Qiryat Sefer: Isolated Coins and Two Hoards Dated to the Bar-Kokhba Revolt,” in Magen, Yitzhak, Donald T. Ariel, Gabriela Bijovsky, Yoav Tzionit, and Orna Sirkis, The Land of Benjamin, Judea and Samaria Publications 3. Jerusalem (2004), pp. 234-300, illus.

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Coins,” in Arubas, Benny and Haim Goldfus (ed.), Excavations on the Site of the Jerusalem International Convention Center (Binyanei ha'Uma): The Pottery and Other Small Finds, JRA Supplementary Series 60. Portsmouth, Rhode Island (2005), pp. 212-224, illus.

Bourne, R. “Two new antoniniani or aureliani of Carausius,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 377-378, illus.

Carrie', Jean-Michel. “Solidus et crédit: qu'est-ce que l'or a pu changer?” in Lo Cascio, Elio (ed.), Credito e moneta nel mondo romano, Atti degli Incontri capresi di storia dell'economia antica (Capri 12-14 ottobre 2000). Bari (2003), pp. 265-279.

Vengono sottolineate le conseguenze che la le congiunture inflazionistiche o deflazionistiche ebbero sul credito nel quadro del crollo del sistema monetario del principato e della sua ristrutturazione sul solidus aureo al principio del IV secolo. (A. Carignani)

Cutroni Tusa, Aldina. “Mozia: considerazioni sui rinvenimenti monetali,” in Amadasi Guzzo, M. Giulia, Mario Liverani, and Paolo Matthiae (eds.), Da Pyrgi a Mozia Studi sull'archeologia del Mediterraneo in memoria di Antonia Ciasca , Quaderno 31. Roma (2002), pp. 163-170.

Attraverso l'esame del materiale numismatico restituito da scavi vecchi e nuovi l'A. ripercorre la circolazione monetarianell'abitato di Mozia dall'età arcaica al IV sec.a.C. Dalle evidenze disponibili risulta anche una discreta frequentazione dell'isola nella media e tarda età imperiale (II-IV sec.d.C.). (A. Carignani)

Dahmen, Karsten. “Nero in Brüssel: Eine Siegelkapsel aus der Sammlung Ravestein und Fragen nach den Beneutzern eines 'kaiserlichen' Siegelschutzes,” Bulletin des Musées royaux d'art et d'histoire 72 (2001), pp. 5-17, illus.

The author presents a bronze seal box bearing the portrait of Nero from the Ravestein collection and discusses its use. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Depeyrot, Georges. Crisis e inflación entre la Antigüidad y la Edad Media. Crítica, Barcelona (1996). 339 pp.

A Spanish translation of the author's Crises et inflation entre Antiquité et Moyen Âge (1992). (Oliver D. Hoover)

Duncan-Jones, Richard P. “Roman coin circulation and the cities of Vesuvius,” in Lo Cascio, Elio (ed.), Credito e moneta nel mondo romano, Atti degli Incontri capresi di storia dell'economia antica (Capri 12-14 ottobre 2000). Bari (2003), pp. 161-180.

I rinvenimenti monetali effettuati nelle città della Campania distrutte dall'eruzione del Vesuvio assumono una notevole importanza in quanto restituiscono la fotografia fedele del numerario circolante nell 79 d.C. e rivelano l'entità dell'accumulazione di denaro nelle mani di privati cittadini. (A. Carignani)

Kovač, Damir. “AEGIS u rimskoj numizmatici / The aegis on Roman coins,” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 18-24, illus.

A brief overview of the mythology of the aegis and its representation on imperial issues from Nero to Marcus Aurelius. Croatian with English summary. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Elkins, N.T. “Locating the Imperial Box in the Flavian Amphitheatre: the numismatic evidence,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 147-157, illus.

Foraboschi, Daniele. “Free coinage e scarsezza di moneta,” in Lo Cascio, Elio (ed.), Credito e moneta nel mondo romano, Atti degli Incontri capresi di storia dell'economia antica (Capri 12-14 ottobre 2000). Bari (2003), pp. 231-244.

A partire dall'esame delle scarse attestazioni fornite dalle fonti antiche l'A. passa in rassegna quei fenomeni di emissione della moneta che, per motivi diversi, dal periodo greco a quello tardo-antico, sfuggirono al controllo di un'autorità centrale. (A. Carignani)

Heath, Sebastian. “Roman Gold from Boscoreale at the ANS,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.2 (Summer 2004), pp. 44-45, illus.

A brief look at gold coins from the Boscoreale Hoard in the ANS collection. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Heath, Sebastian. “Arras Hoard Coins at the ANS,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.3 (Winter 2004), pp. 52-54, illus.

A brief look at gold coins and medallions from the Arras Hoard in the ANS collection. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Hirschfeld, Y. Ramat Hanedio Excavations - Final Report of the 1984-1998 Seasons. Jerusalem (2000). 720 pp., illus.

On pp. 89-90, R. Barkay catalogues and illustrates 11 coins found at Horvat 'Aqar, found during the excavation of an area in the Carmel range, south of Haifa. On is a procuratorial issue (AD 59-61), 2 are coins of Caesarea, 2 are llate Roman, 1 is Cilician Armenian, and 4 are Ottoman.On pp. 377-417 and pls. I-XI, Barkay also catalogues 223the coins found in a tunnel of the spring at 'Ein Tzur and the surrounding area in the Carmel range. The coins cover the period from 527 BC to AD 1917, but those from the tunnel are mainly late Roman, Vandalic, Ostrogothic and Byzantine up to the time of Constans II. (Arnold Spaer)

Humer, Franz. “Ein "Pompeji vor den Toren Wiens",” Antike Welt 36.3 (2005), pp. 9-16, illus.

P. 11 with fig. 4 illustrates the enlarged obverse of an antoninianus of the Carnuntine usurper Regalianus overstruck in AD 261 on an earlier denarius from the Museum Bad Deutsch-Altenburg, Austria. (Hans R. Baldus)

Jantzen, Ulf (†) and Hermann J. Kienast (ed.). Die Wasserleitung des Eupalinos: Die Funde, Samos 20. Bonn-Mainz (2004).

A publication of finds from the famous Archaic Greek tunnel, constructed by the architect Eupalinos as a means of bringing freshwater through the side of a mountain and into the city on the island of Samos (Ionia). In Late Antiquity it was re-used by the inhabitants as a catacomb.pp. 137-171 plates 28-31: list of ca. 290 coins (mainly Byzantine aes of the 6th-7th centuries AD) from the excavations, by Ulf Jantzen and Hans. R. Baldus. Some of the coins are illustrated.Numismatically interesting is the bronze mould of a jeweller (?) (no. 769) imitating a Late Roman/Early Byzantine solidus obverse with helmeted and cuirassed frontal bust of emperor holding shield and spear. Some traces of the legend are also visible.Byzantine lead bullae (nos. 1211-1213), as well as bronze (nos. 1235 -1253) and glass weights (nos. 638-640 = 1254 -1256) are also included. (Hans R. Baldus)

Kemmers, Fleur. “Quadrantes from Nijmegen: Small Change in a Frontier Province,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 82 (2003), pp. 17-35, illus.

A discussion of European finds of post-Augustan quadrantes with special attention to their presence and use in the canabae legionis of legio X Gemina at Nijmegen, the Netherlands. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Kind, H.D., K.J. Gilles, A. Hauptmann, and G. Weisgerber. “Coins from Faynan, Jordan,” Levant 37 (2005), pp. 169-195, illus.

1395 coins were found at the site, situated about 50 km south of the Dead Sea at the eastern edge of the Wadi Araba rift valley, during extensive studies of ancient copper production in the area in 1963-1997. 1013 of the coins have been identified. Of these 103 were minted from circ. 300 BC to AD 213. 609 coins are dated between AD 312 and the earthquake of AD 363. The following 60 years are represented by 643 coins and the next 226 years by only 18 coins. No coins were found for the periods AD 656 to 1210 or 1360 to 1800. Eleven Islamic coins date to AD 1210-1360. All 1395 coins are listed. Coin no. 77 is a small copper, apparently unpublished, dated to the third century BC, depicting a bird r. looking backwards on one side and a head (?) on the other. (Arnold Spaer)

Krüger, Thomas and Christina Maassen. “Rheinisches Amt für Bodendenkmalpflege: Ausgrabungen, Funde und Befunde 2001 und 2002,” Bonner Jahrbuch 204 (2004), pp. 273-358, illus.

Many coins are mentioned in the report, several of which were identified by Claudia Klages from the Bonn coin cabinet. Only some Ancient Celtic or Roman Republican, most of the coins are Roman Imperial 1st ? 4th/5th century A.D., some European medieval, some early modern or modern. See pp. 288, 289, 291, 293, 294 (2001); 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, 338, 345 and 351 (2002). (Hans R. Baldus)

Lo Cascio, Elio (ed.). Credito e moneta nel mondo romano, Atti degli Incontri capresi di storia dell'economia antica (Capri 12-14 ottobre 2000). Edipuglia, Bari (2003).

Mazar, A. Excavations at Tel Beth-Shean 1989-1996. Vol. I. Late Bronze Age IIB to the Medieval Period. Jerusalem (2006). 736 pp., illus.

On pp. 607-615, N. Mitai-Preis catalogues and illustrates the 48 identifiable coins out of the 370 coins found during the excavations. All are copper apart from two Tyrian tetradrachms dated year 19 (108/7 BC) and 84 (43/2 BC), respectively, and a gigliati of the Order of St. John in Rhodes (early fourteenth century AD). The copper coins include 2 Ptolemaic, 10 Seleucid, 2 Phoenician, 4 Hasmonaean, 6 Roman, 7 Byzantine, and 8 Islamic pieces. (Arnold Spaer)

Methy, Nicole. “Romulus conditor: un type monétaire mal connu,” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 157-184, illus.

L'A. prende in esame l'adozione sulle monete romane, rara e alquanto sporadica, dell'iconografia di Romolo in armi, fondatore della città. La prima apparizione di questa immagine si data al 56 a.C. (denarius di C. Memmius), mentre in età imperiale il tipo si ritroverà su aurei di Adriano e di Antonino Pio e su bronzi di Commodo e Severo Alessandro. (A. Carignani)

Miskec, Alenka. “The countermark SPR on sestertii of Nero,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 32 (2003), pp. 275-279, illus.

Su di un sesterzio di Nerone emesso dalla zecca di Lugdunum nel 67 d.C. compare la contromarca SPR. L'A. la interpreta come signa populi romani e la riferisce al 68 d.C. in concomitanza con la ribellione del governatore della Gallia Lugdunensis C. Iulius Vindex contro Roma. (A. Carignani)

Missere Fontana, Federica. “Appunti antiquari di Achille Stazio (1525-1581) in una copia del De Notis Romanorum di Marco Valerio Probo (1525) in Biblioteca Estense Universitaria di Modena,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 32 (2003), pp. 303-332, illus.

Su di un opera di M. Valerio Probo edita nel 1525 e conservata a Modena compaiono numerose e fitte note della mano dell'umanista ed erudito portoghese Aquiles Estaço (Achille Stazio, 1524-1581). Di particolare interesse, accanto ai passi sulle epigrafi, sono i riferimenti di argomento numismatico dedicati prevalentemente a monete antiche dell'area veneta e del territorio di Padova, dove a lungo soggiornò prima del suo trasferimento a Roma nel 1557. (A. Carignani)

Morrisson, Cécile. “Economia e monetazione nella provincia d'Africa, dalla conquista vandala alla riconquista bizantina,” in Paulo Pasini, Olivares (ed.), 387 d.C. Ambrogio e Agostino, le sorgenti dell'Europa. Milano (2003), pp. 83-87, illus.

Alcune note sulla monetazione vandala in Africa settentrionale fra il V e il VI secolo d.C.. Viene analizzata la circolazione, l'iconografia e la metrologia di queste emissioni d'argento e dei piccoli nominali di bronzo. (A. Carignani)

Paulo Pasini, Olivares (ed.). 387 d.C. Ambrogio e Agostino, le sorgenti dell'Europa. Milano (2003).

Pera, Rossella. “Ramus felicis olivae: da attributo di Pax ad attributo imperiale,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 32 (2003), pp. 185-197, illus.

Dal II sec.a.C. a Settimio Severo viene seguito il ricorrere sulle momnete romane della presenza del ramo d'olivo. A volte associato a sovrani sconfitti, a volte alla personificazione della Pax, questa iconografia viene a sostanziare l'immagine dell'imperatore vittorioso, garante della pietas e della concordia universale. (A. Carignani)

Pfisterer, Matthias and René Traum. “Die Herstellungstechnik subferrater Kopien römischer Buntmetallmünzen: Ein praktisches Experiment,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 125-140, illus.

Along the German limes in Austria and in the adjascent areas of Noricum and Pannonia there circulated, mainly in the Severan period, considerable numbers of iron core copies of Roman aes coinage. The practical experiment which is described here explores the method of manufacturing these copies from the production of copper coated blanks and the dies to the actual striking process. A specific role is played in this by the strange fact that some of the iron ore coins seem to be struck with official dies, which can hardly be the case. In fact the dies for such coins were produced in a mechanical way by striking, using official coins as the punch. The experiment shows how well this method in fact works. (Matthias Pfisterer and René Traum)

Pilon, Fabien. “Un fait unique en Gaule romaine: La découverte de moules à flans monétaires en pierre calcaire,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 82 (2003), pp. 37-60, illus.

Two limestone moulds for casting blanks were recently found at Châteaubleau (France) during the excavation of an irregular but highly technical mint which was active in the course of the third century AD. One was twofold and complete, and was evidently used, while the other, a matrix, was discarded before it was completed. The alveoles which were connected by small channels were calibrated for casting imitations of double sestertii of Postumus which were produced in the years 266-270 in the principal unofficial mint, the "atelier II," which seems to be very similar to the officinae of Châteaubleau.The find is exceptional in several respects. Not only is it the first stone mould from the Gallo-Roman period, it is also the latest and most western of them, at a long distance from those found on Cyprus or in the Middle East which date from the second century BC to the first century AD. It thus confirms that this type of mould for the mass production of blanks for bronze coinage was widely used in antiquity. (Fabien Pilon)

Prica, M. “Some rare AE coinage of the Sirmium mint,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 8-9, illus.

Savage, Stephen H. and Donald R. Keller. “Archaeology in Jordan, 2005 Season,” American Journal of Archaeology 110.3 (July 2006), pp. 471-491, illus.

On pp. 486 and 490 the authors discuss and illustrate a denarius of Trajan discovered during the excavation of the Via Principalis of the Roman fort at al-Humayma. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Sobocinski, Melanie Grunow. “Visualizing Ceremony: The Design and Audience of the Ludi Saeculares Coinage of Domitian,” American Journal of Archaeology 110.4 (Octgober 2006), pp. 581-602, illus.

Domitian's Ludi Saeculares coinage (AD 88) violates the usual patterns of Roman mint production: one festival dominates all six denominations of gold, silver, and bronze. Consistency in legends and in reverse types across the issue suggests that unusual care was taken in designing these coins. One composition is even repeated on both silver and bronze. Ten events during the Ludi Saeculares, nine of them religious rituals prescribed by the Sibylline oracle, are depicted on the bronze coinage. Variations among specimens within each type, however, indicate that some details, such as the pedimental iconography of temples, were created by individual die carvers and must not have been specified in the original design. Using the textual evidence for other imperial celebrations of the Ludi Saeculares, previous scholars have focused on matching each coin type with a known event and eaqch architectuarl type with a known loacation in Rome. This article reveals the problems with such an approach and uses instead a variety of historical, iconographic, and numismatic methodologies to explore questions of design, audience, context, and interpretation. I conclude that, for a limited audience, these coins attempted to send a coherent message emphasizing the solmenity and ritual completeness of Domitian's Ludi Saeculares and linking his celebration to the Augustan Ludi Saeculares of 17 BC. But, because Domitian's experiment in using coinage for detailed communication was not subsequently imitated, this set of coins is unique. (Melanie Grunow Sobocinski)

Spagnoli, Emanuela. “Ripostiglio monetale da Porto (Fiumicino, Roma) 277 AE, post 445/450 d.C.” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 119-156, illus.

Edizione di 277 monete frammentarie in bronzo rinvenute nel 1991 all'interno della cinta muraria di Porto. Le monete sono databili fra il IV e il V secolo d.C. e il ripostiglio dovette essere chiuso ed interrato in concomitanza con il sacco vandalo di Genserico nel 455 d.C. (A. Carignani)

Steigerwald, Gerhard. “Noch einmal: Zur Darstellung Jesu im Tempel am Triumphbogen von S. Maria Maggiore in Rom,” Jahrbuch für Antike und Christentum 46 (2003), pp. 74-83, illus.

For comparison, some mid 3rd / early 4th century AD coin reverses with depictions of architectural monuments are reproduced (pl. 7, a-c). (Hans R. Baldus)

Tchernia, André. “Remarques sur la crise de 33,” in Lo Cascio, Elio (ed.), Credito e moneta nel mondo romano, Atti degli Incontri capresi di storia dell'economia antica (Capri 12-14 ottobre 2000). Bari (2003), pp. 131-146.

Grandi proprietà fondiarie e rendite finanziarie, diminuzione de circolante monetario e aumento dei tassi di interesse costituiscono lo sfondo della profonda crisi del 33 d.C. che divise la classe dei proprietari in creditori e debitori. L'A. esamina le misure di intervento adottate dall'imperatore Tiberio per porre rimedio alla difficile congiuntura. (A. Carignani)

Waner, M. and Z. Safrai. “A Catalogue of Coin Hoards and the Shelf Life of Coins in Palestine Hoards during the Roman and Byzantine Periods,” Liber Annus 51 (2001), pp. 305-336.

A listing of 152 hoards and their "shelf life"(i.e. the time spans from the earliest to latest coins in the hoards), making deductions on the circulation times of coins in hoards. (Arnold Spaer)

Wolters, Reinhard. “The emperor and the financial deficits of the aerarium in the early Roman Empire,” in Lo Cascio, Elio (ed.), Credito e moneta nel mondo romano, Atti degli Incontri capresi di storia dell'economia antica (Capri 12-14 ottobre 2000). Bari (2003), pp. 131-146.

L'A. descrive l'organizzazione finanziaria nel periodo repubblicano e sottolinea i cambiamenti introdotti da Augusto. Viene inoltre esaminata la struttura dell'aerarium in età imperiale e, nell'ambito delle misure atte a risanare le finanze dello Stato, vengono annoverate le donazioni effettuate al tesoro dall'imperatore dal proprio patrimonio personale. (A. Carignani)

Woytek, B.E. “Trajan's restoration of the denarius RRC 343/1b,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 227-233, illus.




Roman Provincial

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “More about Pygmalion from Tyre,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 29 (2000), pp. 319-332, illus.

Gitler, Haim and Gabriela Bijovsky. “The Coins of Pygmalion from Tyre: A Chronological Sequence from Elagabal to Gallienus,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 31 (2002), pp. 317-324, illus.

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Myth of Daphne on a Coin Minted at Damascus,” American Numismatic Journal 15 (2003), pp. 53-59, illus.

A Roman provincial coin struck at Damascus under Volusian depicts on the reverse an image that is best paralleled by depictions of the myth of Daphne, specifically representations of her metamorphosis. This third-century depiction is most closely paralleled by examples from Coptic art. The myth of Daphne is well known to have been connected with Antioch in Syria, but the paucity of literary evidence for Roman Damascus leaves us with no indication for why this scene should have been used there. (Gabriela Bijovsky)

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Coins from Khirbet Badd 'Isa-Qiryat Sefer: Isolated Coins and Two Hoards Dated to the Bar-Kokhba Revolt,” in Magen, Yitzhak, Donald T. Ariel, Gabriela Bijovsky, Yoav Tzionit, and Orna Sirkis, The Land of Benjamin, Judea and Samaria Publications 3. Jerusalem (2004), pp. 234-300, illus.

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Coins,” in Arubas, Benny and Haim Goldfus (ed.), Excavations on the Site of the Jerusalem International Convention Center (Binyanei ha'Uma): The Pottery and Other Small Finds, JRA Supplementary Series 60. Portsmouth, Rhode Island (2005), pp. 212-224, illus.

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Ambrosial Rocks and the Sacred Precinct of Melqart in Tyre,” in Alfaro, Carmen, Carmen Marcos, and Paloma Otero (eds.), Actas del XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismàtica. Madrid, 2003.. Madrid (2005), pp. 829-834, illus.

Butcher, Kevin and Matthew Ponting. “The Egyptian Billon Tetradrachm under the Julio-Claudian Emperors - Fiduciary or Intrinsic?” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 93-124.

Scientific analysis of 26 billon tetradrachms of Alexandria clearly shows a direct relationship between the silver content of these issues and contemporary silver issues of Antioch, Tyre and Rome. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Butcher, Kevin. “Die Sharing in Asia Minor: A Phantom Link,” Schweizer Münzblätter 219 (September 2005), pp. 67-68, illus.

The author suggests that a Carallia issue of Philip I involving a "Sardis" obverse die, is really a "Sardis" coin with the reverse inscription retooled to name Carallia in modern times. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Ehling, Kay, Daniela Pohl, and Mustafa H. Sayar. Kulturbegegnung in einem Brückenland. Gottheiten und Kulte als Indikatoren von Akkulturationsprozessen im Ebenen Kilikien, Asia Minor Studien 53. Bonn (2004).

Coins of Cilicia Pedias play a role in several contributions to the publication; cf. plates 1-6. (Hans R. Baldus)

Ehling, Kay. “Die Speisung der Fünftausend und die Reisekasse der Jünger. Anmerkungen zu Mk. 6, 35-37,” Münstersche Beiträge zur Antiken Handelsgeschichte 23.2 (2005), pp. 47-58.

From Mark 6:37 (200 denarii were needed to give bread to 5,000 hungry people) one may deduce that the average price for bread in contemporary Galilee was about 6 lepta – i.e. lower than in Rome. (Hans R. Baldus)

Eshel, H. “On Harp and Lyre: A Comment on Bar Kokhba Bronze Coins,” in Mor, M., J. Pastor, I. Ronen, and Y. Ashkenazi (eds.), For Uriel. Jerusalem (2005), pp. 29-40.

During the Bar Kokhba War, bronze coins with a nebel (harp) were minted in the first and second years, while in the third year of the war, bronze coins with a kinor (lyre) were struck. This is in opposition to all other bronze and large silver coins, the designs of which never changed during the course of the war. Both the harp and the lyre were instruments used in the ceremonies of the Temple. In biblical Hebrew, NBL is a goat skin, and therefore the harp is an instrument made from a goat skin container. For this reason the body of the nebel (harp) was wider than the lyre. On the other hand, the body of the kinor (lyre) was composed of wood and was consequently thinner and more elegant than that of the harp.In this note, the fact that Bar Kokhba bronze coins with the harp from the first year of the war are much heavier (average 10.23g) than the same type from the second year (average 6.27g) is stressed. No explanation for this phenomenon is offered, but it may be that because of this disparity in weight it was decided to change the type to a lyre in the third year. In this way coins of year three which were half the weight of the coins of year one could be differentiated by design. . (H. Eshel)

Falter, Reinhard. “Der Argaios - der heilige Berg Kappadokiens auf Münzen: Dreiberg - Stierberg - Sonnenberg,” Moneytrend 37.5 (2005), pp. 148-157, illus.

Geissen, Angelo and Manfred Weber. “Untersuchungen zu den ägyptischen Nomenprägungen IV: 17.- 22. oberägyptischer Gau,” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 151 (2005), pp. 279-305, illus.

This article covers the Upper Egyptian nomes Kynopolites, Oxyrhynchites, Herakleopolites and Aphroditopolites and provides addenda to Arsinoites. (Hans R. Baldus)

Geva, H. Jewish Quarter Excavations in the Old City of Jerusalem conducted by Nachman Avigad in 1969-1982. Vol. III. Azen E. and Other Studies. Final Report. Jerusalem (2006). 480 pp., illus.

On pp. 192-217 and pl. 1, D.T. Ariel catalogues and analyzes the 933 bronze and one lead coin found in the excavations. Twenty coins are pre-Hasmonaean (Ptolemaic and Seleucid), 716 are of Alexander Jannaeus, or probably so, 51 are Herodian, 22 post Herodian, and 145 unidentified. (Arnold Spaer)

Habuš, Zvonko. “Urota protiv Karakale 212./213 godine na novcu Plautile i Julije Domne / The plot against Caracalla in 212/213 on the coins of Plautilla and Julia Domna,” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 25-35, illus.

The author discusses a find of five new quadrantes of Plautilla and Julia Domna and suggests that the coins were produced by Dalmatian supporters of Geta during the crisis of AD 212/213. Croatian with English summary. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Hirschfeld, Y. Ramat Hanedio Excavations - Final Report of the 1984-1998 Seasons. Jerusalem (2000). 720 pp., illus.

On pp. 89-90, R. Barkay catalogues and illustrates 11 coins found at Horvat 'Aqar, found during the excavation of an area in the Carmel range, south of Haifa. On is a procuratorial issue (AD 59-61), 2 are coins of Caesarea, 2 are llate Roman, 1 is Cilician Armenian, and 4 are Ottoman.On pp. 377-417 and pls. I-XI, Barkay also catalogues 223the coins found in a tunnel of the spring at 'Ein Tzur and the surrounding area in the Carmel range. The coins cover the period from 527 BC to AD 1917, but those from the tunnel are mainly late Roman, Vandalic, Ostrogothic and Byzantine up to the time of Constans II. (Arnold Spaer)

Karas, Ulrich and Sebastian Ristow. “Kirchenbauten in Pednelissos (Pisidien),” Jahrbuch für Antike und Christentum 46 (2003), pp. 134-155, illus.

For Apollo of Pednelissos on coins of that city and on a rock relief from his sanctuary near modern Kozan , see p. 137 with pl. 16, c-b. (Hans R. Baldus)

Kind, H.D., K.J. Gilles, A. Hauptmann, and G. Weisgerber. “Coins from Faynan, Jordan,” Levant 37 (2005), pp. 169-195, illus.

1395 coins were found at the site, situated about 50 km south of the Dead Sea at the eastern edge of the Wadi Araba rift valley, during extensive studies of ancient copper production in the area in 1963-1997. 1013 of the coins have been identified. Of these 103 were minted from circ. 300 BC to AD 213. 609 coins are dated between AD 312 and the earthquake of AD 363. The following 60 years are represented by 643 coins and the next 226 years by only 18 coins. No coins were found for the periods AD 656 to 1210 or 1360 to 1800. Eleven Islamic coins date to AD 1210-1360. All 1395 coins are listed. Coin no. 77 is a small copper, apparently unpublished, dated to the third century BC, depicting a bird r. looking backwards on one side and a head (?) on the other. (Arnold Spaer)

Mazar, A. Excavations at Tel Beth-Shean 1989-1996. Vol. I. Late Bronze Age IIB to the Medieval Period. Jerusalem (2006). 736 pp., illus.

On pp. 607-615, N. Mitai-Preis catalogues and illustrates the 48 identifiable coins out of the 370 coins found during the excavations. All are copper apart from two Tyrian tetradrachms dated year 19 (108/7 BC) and 84 (43/2 BC), respectively, and a gigliati of the Order of St. John in Rhodes (early fourteenth century AD). The copper coins include 2 Ptolemaic, 10 Seleucid, 2 Phoenician, 4 Hasmonaean, 6 Roman, 7 Byzantine, and 8 Islamic pieces. (Arnold Spaer)

On, A. and G. Weksler-Bdolah. “Khiybet Um el-Umdan - A Jewish Village with a Synagogue from the Second Temple Period at Modiin,” Qadmoniot 38.130 (2005), pp. 107-116, illus.

At this site, NW of Jerusalem, in excavations of a dwelling house, W. of the synagogue, coins of Marcus Aurelius and Domitian were found (p. 115). They are not further described. (Arnold Spaer)

Oraiopoulos, Zacharias L. “Hermione,” Νομισματικα Χρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 29-35, illus.

A brief review of the coinage of Hermione in the Hellenistic and Roman periods. Text in English and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Tameanko, Marvin. “Lepcis Magna: Ancient Emporium City in North Africa,” The Journal of the Classical and Medieval Society 6.2 (June 2005), pp. 5-15, illus.

A review of the history of the city and the coinage produced in Lepcis Magna during Punic and Roman rule. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Tyler-Smith, S. “A parcel of Persis drachms, half drachms and obols,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 253-271, illus.

This parcel, probably part of a much larger hoard, contained 231 coins - drachms (5), half drachms (91) and obols (135) - dating from 'Unknown king' (2nd half of 2nd century BC) to Arda&x#x9A;ir IV (end of 2hd century AD). They have been catalogued according to Alram's classification (M. Alram, Nomina Propra Iranica in Nummis, Iranisches Personennamenbuch, vol. 4 (Vienna, 1986)) with the legends transliterated when readable but with all varieties in the details of the bust, symbol etc. not noted by Alram listed. (S. Tyler-Smith)




Byzantine

Baldus, Hans R. “Die Fundmünzen,” in Niemeyer, Hans Georg, Roald F. Docter, and Karin E. Schmidt (eds.), Karthago. Die Ergebnisse der Hamburger Grabung unter dem Decumanus Maximus. Mainz (2006), pp. 821-840, pl. 56.

A list of coins (151, nearly all bronze) from the excavations with a commentary by the author:Several Punic coins (4th century BC to 146 BC) ? among them some interesting early and very small ones; one each from the Ptolemaic Cyrenaica, of the Numidian kingdom, and from the island of Ebusus/Baleares.One halved Roman Republican as, one antoninianus of Claudius II Gothicus (268-270).Several Late Roman coins (4th to 5th centuries) ? clipped now and then, Vandalic minimi and Byzantine coins, Carthage mint until about 660 A.D. (Hans R. Baldus)

Bendall, Simon. “A Further Note on the 'Dioikitirion Square' Trachy,” Νομισματικα Χρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 97-101, illus.

The author discusses a small hoard of fourteenth century Byzantine, Ottoman, and Beylik issues. Text in English and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Bendall, Simon. “Andronicus II and the Doge of Venice,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 238, illus.

Discussion of a copper trachy of Andronicus II and Michael IX. (Martin Allen)

Bendall, Simon. “An enigmatic obverse type on a copper trachy of the sole reign of Andronicus II,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 378-380, illus.

Bendall, Simon. “A forgery of a basilikon of Andronicus III (A.D. 1328-1341),” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 377, illus.

Bendall, Simon. “A hyperperon of Andronicus III and John V (A.D. 1341)?” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 161-166, illus.

Bendall, Simon. “The last Palaeologan silver scyphate trachy?” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 91, illus.

Bendall, Simon. “A note on the hyperpyra of John V and VI (1347-1354),” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 297-299, illus.

Bendall, Simon. “A silver asper of John III (1342-1344) of Trebizond,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 245-276, illus.

Bendall, Simon. “Some thoughts on the silver coinage of Manuel I and John II of Trebizond in the light of a recent hoard,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 10-12, illus.

Discussion of a hoard of 592 aspers of Trebizond. (Martin Allen)

Bijovsky, Gabriela. “The Coins,” in Arubas, Benny and Haim Goldfus (ed.), Excavations on the Site of the Jerusalem International Convention Center (Binyanei ha'Uma): The Pottery and Other Small Finds, JRA Supplementary Series 60. Portsmouth, Rhode Island (2005), pp. 212-224, illus.

Georgiadis, Nikolaos Th. “Coins of the Byzantine Civil War 1321-1328,” Νομισματικα Χρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 85-96, illus.

A discussion of the silver basilika and bronze trachea associated with the conflict between Andronicus II and Andronicus III. Text in English and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Goodwin, T. “An interesting new follis of Constans II,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 294, illus.

Hirschfeld, Y. Ramat Hanedio Excavations - Final Report of the 1984-1998 Seasons. Jerusalem (2000). 720 pp., illus.

On pp. 89-90, R. Barkay catalogues and illustrates 11 coins found at Horvat 'Aqar, found during the excavation of an area in the Carmel range, south of Haifa. On is a procuratorial issue (AD 59-61), 2 are coins of Caesarea, 2 are llate Roman, 1 is Cilician Armenian, and 4 are Ottoman.On pp. 377-417 and pls. I-XI, Barkay also catalogues 223the coins found in a tunnel of the spring at 'Ein Tzur and the surrounding area in the Carmel range. The coins cover the period from 527 BC to AD 1917, but those from the tunnel are mainly late Roman, Vandalic, Ostrogothic and Byzantine up to the time of Constans II. (Arnold Spaer)

Jantzen, Ulf (†) and Hermann J. Kienast (ed.). Die Wasserleitung des Eupalinos: Die Funde, Samos 20. Bonn-Mainz (2004).

A publication of finds from the famous Archaic Greek tunnel, constructed by the architect Eupalinos as a means of bringing freshwater through the side of a mountain and into the city on the island of Samos (Ionia). In Late Antiquity it was re-used by the inhabitants as a catacomb.pp. 137-171 plates 28-31: list of ca. 290 coins (mainly Byzantine aes of the 6th-7th centuries AD) from the excavations, by Ulf Jantzen and Hans. R. Baldus. Some of the coins are illustrated.Numismatically interesting is the bronze mould of a jeweller (?) (no. 769) imitating a Late Roman/Early Byzantine solidus obverse with helmeted and cuirassed frontal bust of emperor holding shield and spear. Some traces of the legend are also visible.Byzantine lead bullae (nos. 1211-1213), as well as bronze (nos. 1235 -1253) and glass weights (nos. 638-640 = 1254 -1256) are also included. (Hans R. Baldus)

Mazar, A. Excavations at Tel Beth-Shean 1989-1996. Vol. I. Late Bronze Age IIB to the Medieval Period. Jerusalem (2006). 736 pp., illus.

On pp. 607-615, N. Mitai-Preis catalogues and illustrates the 48 identifiable coins out of the 370 coins found during the excavations. All are copper apart from two Tyrian tetradrachms dated year 19 (108/7 BC) and 84 (43/2 BC), respectively, and a gigliati of the Order of St. John in Rhodes (early fourteenth century AD). The copper coins include 2 Ptolemaic, 10 Seleucid, 2 Phoenician, 4 Hasmonaean, 6 Roman, 7 Byzantine, and 8 Islamic pieces. (Arnold Spaer)

Morrisson, Cécile. “Economia e monetazione nella provincia d'Africa, dalla conquista vandala alla riconquista bizantina,” in Paulo Pasini, Olivares (ed.), 387 d.C. Ambrogio e Agostino, le sorgenti dell'Europa. Milano (2003), pp. 83-87, illus.

Alcune note sulla monetazione vandala in Africa settentrionale fra il V e il VI secolo d.C.. Viene analizzata la circolazione, l'iconografia e la metrologia di queste emissioni d'argento e dei piccoli nominali di bronzo. (A. Carignani)

Naismith, R. “A hoard of Byzantine copper coins ending with the last year of Maurice,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 296-299.

Nikolau, Yorka. “The Two Lead Seals in the Elias Kantas Collection,” Νομισματικα Χρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 55-58, illus.

The author presents a twelfth century seal of Georgios Glavas an eleventh century seal of Epiphanios Pentaktenis. Text in English and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Oddy, A. “A new proto-Umayyad mint in Syria?” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 263-240, illus.

This paper considers the large copper folles struck by the Arabs at Scythopolis/Baisan and Gerasa/Jerash in the early Umayyad period. The coins copy regular Byzantine folles issued at Nikomedia by Justin II and Sophia in the 570s, but must have been struck in the 670s or 680s. As well as literate or semi-literate mint signatures on these coins, there are some legends which are clearly not reading either Scythopolis or Gerasa. Now 14 coins (some of which are die-duplicates) have been identified on which the obverse legends all start ABL (in Greek letters). Subsequent letters are variable. It is, however, suggested that these coins were struck at Abila, modern Tel Abil, which is situated about 50 km north of Gerasa and 40 km north-east of Scythopolis. (A. Oddy)

Olbrich, Christian. “Ein Dreiviertelsolidus als neu entdecktes Nominal der frühbyzantinishcen Zeit,” Schweizer Münzblätter 219 (September 2005), pp. 69-72, illus.

The author publishes a new 3/4 solidus of Maurice Tiberius in connection with other Byzantine gold of the sixth and seventh centuries AD. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Olbrich, Konstantin. “Neue Aspekte zur Kaiserherrschaft des Mattheos Kantakuzenos (1354-1357),” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 82 (2003), pp. 83-94, illus.

Two unrecorded basilica of Matthew Kantakuzenos are attributed to the mint of Constantinople. The reverse legend of the first type apparently repeats the protocol to the horismos attached to the records of the hesychast council of 1351 when Matthew was made co-emperor by his father in 1354. This and the fact that the typology revives the linear inscriptions of the middle Byzantine miliarensia suggests its production for ceremonial use at the coronation of Matthew in the church of Blachernai.The second type - as stylistically clearly a product of the metropolitan mints as the first one - surprisingly represents MAtthew as sole emperor, although the younger Kantakuzenos was never actually in power there. This might be explained by the breaking up of the Kantakuzenos party in Constantinople in the conflict following the return of John V Pailiologos in November 1354 when the partisans of the negotiating John VI Kantakuzenos aqrguably transferred theior allegiance to the younger representative of the Kantakuzene dynasty. There are reports that Kantakuzene followers refused to obey John VI's orders to hand over to the Palaiologans a key fortress; so both mits which were probably located in the city seem to have remained in Kantakuzene control for the major part of the conflict. (Konstantin Olbrich)

Sion, O. and A. Said. “A Mansion House from the Late Byzantine-Umayyad Period in Beth Shean-Scythopolis,” Liber Annus 52 (2002), pp. 253-366, pl. 14.

Among finds at this site was a small pot containing 751 gold solidi: 95 of Phocas, 382 of Heraclius, 216 of Constans II, and 48 of Constantine IV. (Arnold Spaer)

Spaldoni, F. “La Collezione numismatica del Santuario di Santa Maria dell'Oriente (L'Aquila),” Liber Annus 53 (2003), pp. 341-364, pls. 27-36.

A catalogue with partial illustration of the 346 coins in this collection, covering coins from Ptolemy II (285-246 BC) to Tiberius III (AD 689-705). (Arnold Spaer)

Storbatov, Sergey. “Trésor monetaire de la haute epoque byzantine provenant du castel Carea/Creas (Province de Scythie),” Нумизматика и Сфрагистика 9 (2002-2003), pp. 20-27, illus.

The author presents a sixth century hoard of bronze coins of Justinian I. Bulgarian text with French summary. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Travaini, Lucia. “La zecca merovingia di Avenches e le prime monete con il volto di Cristo,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 32 (2003), pp. 291-301, illus.

L'A. rintraccia sul D/ di un tremisse merovingio emesso nel 625 dalla zecca di Aventicum (Avenches, Svizzera) la prima adozione del volto di Cristo. Ispirato al Mandylion di Edessa, la moneta precede di quasi settanta anni la comparsa di questa iconografia su un solidus di Giustiniano II battuto a Costantinopoli nel 692. (A. Carignani)

Waner, M. and Z. Safrai. “A Catalogue of Coin Hoards and the Shelf Life of Coins in Palestine Hoards during the Roman and Byzantine Periods,” Liber Annus 51 (2001), pp. 305-336.

A listing of 152 hoards and their "shelf life"(i.e. the time spans from the earliest to latest coins in the hoards), making deductions on the circulation times of coins in hoards. (Arnold Spaer)

Zhekova, Zhenya. “A Hoard of Byzantine Copper Coins of Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1295) from Mogilla village, Shoumen District,” Нумизматика и Сфрагистика 9 (2002-2003), pp. 57-60, illus.

The author presents a hoard of six copper of Andronicus II from the Constantinople mint, probably deposited during the Tatar invasion of northeastern Bulgaria. Bulgarian text with English summary. (Oliver D. Hoover)




Sasanian and Islamic

Bendall, Simon. “A Further Note on the 'Dioikitirion Square' Trachy,” Νομισματικα Χρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 97-101, illus.

The author discusses a small hoard of fourteenth century Byzantine, Ottoman, and Beylik issues. Text in English and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Dauwe, R. “Some remarks on the coins of Qumm,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 24.

Deshazo, Alan S. “Numaylah b. Malik,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 180 (Summer 2004), pp. 5-6, illus.

Discussion of the issuer of an Arab-Sasanian coin of Arrajan. (Martin Allen)

Deshazo, Alan S. “The regnal years of Ahmad Shah and Tamur Shah Durrani,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 180 (Summer 2004), pp. 247.

Di Martino, G. “An interesting Sicilian tari minted by Roger II,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 9-10, illus.

Du Quesne Bird, N. “Islamic dreamstones resembling weights,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 383, illus.

Duff, P. “The two bust varieties of the Charles II halfpenny,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 168-170, illus.

Eshragh, A.S. “An interesting Arab-Sassanian dirhem,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 45-46, illus.

Federov, M. “A hoard of Khytai copper-lead alloy silver-washed dirhams from the Krasnaia Rechka hillfort,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 322-327, illus.

In 2003 at Krasnaia Rechka hillfort (medieval Naviket, Chu Valley, Kirghiz Republic) was found a hoard of 280 Khytai dirhams, minted shortly after nomadic Khytais captured the Chu Valley. The coins are badly worn, and only 28 are legible. There is no ruler's name and mint name, but they were certainly minted in Balasaghun, capital of the Khytais. The coins name caliphs Mustarshid (1118-1135) and Muktafi (1136-1160), and the legible dates are 527/1132-3, 531/1136-7 and 538/1143-4. The hoard is a valuable source for money circulation in the Chu Valley under the Khytais. (M. Federov)

Federov, M. “The Osh hoard of copper silver-washed dirhams minted c.1128-1132,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 312-321.

A hoard of Qarakhanid dirhams found in Osh (Kirghiz Republic) is a valuable source on the history of Fergana in 1128-1132. The coins are worn, or minted from worn dies, and only one mint name has survived, Akhsiket. The other mints, presumably, are Kasan and Uzgend. There are three groups: 500 coins minted by Qara Khan Hasan and his son Togrul Khan Husein, 353 coins of Arslan Muhammad and his son Qadir Khan Ahmad, and 38 coins of the Eastern Qarakhanid, Inal Khan Suleiman b. Husein. 108 coins are illegible. (M. Federov)

Federov, M. “Qarakhanid coins as a source for the history of Saghaniyan,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 201-208.

Saghaniyan coins show that in AH 395-406 the rulers were vassals of the Qarakhanids, naming them on their coins as suzerains, but that they temporarily revoked this vassalage during internicene wars between the Qarakhanids (in 402 and 405). In AH 410, they minted anonymous coins naming neither vassal nor suzerain, in 414-418 they again named the Qarakhanid khan as suzerain, and in 418-424 they again minted anonymous coins. In 424-428 the ruler of Saghaniyan, Abu-l-Qasim, named no suzerain. In 430 the Qarakhanid Ibrahim b. Nasr captured Saghaniyan and minted coins there in his name until AH 434, when having conquered Mawarannahr from the rival Qarakhanid faction, he ceded Saghaniyan to the Ghaznavid Mawdud, who minted there. In AH 435, Saghaniyan was conquered by the Seljukid Chaghry Bek Dawud, who minted there. (M. Federov)

Federov, M. “An enigmatic coin of al-Malik al-Salih Ism'ail b. Mahmud,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 46-48, illus.

Federov, M. “Money circulation in early-medieval Semirech'e (Jety Su),” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 7-17, illus.

Federov, M. “Money circulation of Khwarezm in the early-medieval period (6th-first half of 8th centuries AD),” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 16-24, illus.

Federov, M. “Samarqand in the eleventh century AD (based on information from coins),” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 180 (Spring 2004), pp. 5-12, illus.

Goodwin, T. “A new Standing Caliph mint in Jund Filastin?” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 299-301, illus.

Goron, S. “The coinage of the Safavid ruler, 'Abbas II up to AH 1060 - Part 2,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 35-40, illus.

Heidemann, S. “Collections of Oriental coins in Germany,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 5-9.

Heidemann, Stefan. “Eine kurze Geschichte der Sammlungen orientalischer Münzen in Deutschland,” Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt 55.12 (2006), pp. 517-526.

A survey of the history and public collections (with addresses etc.) of oriental coins in Germany. (Hans R. Baldus)

Hirschfeld, Y. Ramat Hanedio Excavations - Final Report of the 1984-1998 Seasons. Jerusalem (2000). 720 pp., illus.

On pp. 89-90, R. Barkay catalogues and illustrates 11 coins found at Horvat 'Aqar, found during the excavation of an area in the Carmel range, south of Haifa. On is a procuratorial issue (AD 59-61), 2 are coins of Caesarea, 2 are llate Roman, 1 is Cilician Armenian, and 4 are Ottoman.On pp. 377-417 and pls. I-XI, Barkay also catalogues 223the coins found in a tunnel of the spring at 'Ein Tzur and the surrounding area in the Carmel range. The coins cover the period from 527 BC to AD 1917, but those from the tunnel are mainly late Roman, Vandalic, Ostrogothic and Byzantine up to the time of Constans II. (Arnold Spaer)

Kalinin, V. and L. Treadwell. “A unique fals of Binkath (Shash province) dated 186 AH,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 15-16, illus.

Kind, H.D., K.J. Gilles, A. Hauptmann, and G. Weisgerber. “Coins from Faynan, Jordan,” Levant 37 (2005), pp. 169-195, illus.

1395 coins were found at the site, situated about 50 km south of the Dead Sea at the eastern edge of the Wadi Araba rift valley, during extensive studies of ancient copper production in the area in 1963-1997. 1013 of the coins have been identified. Of these 103 were minted from circ. 300 BC to AD 213. 609 coins are dated between AD 312 and the earthquake of AD 363. The following 60 years are represented by 643 coins and the next 226 years by only 18 coins. No coins were found for the periods AD 656 to 1210 or 1360 to 1800. Eleven Islamic coins date to AD 1210-1360. All 1395 coins are listed. Coin no. 77 is a small copper, apparently unpublished, dated to the third century BC, depicting a bird r. looking backwards on one side and a head (?) on the other. (Arnold Spaer)

Lloyd, S. “An unpublished Umayyad dirham of Harat dated 80h, with Pahlawi mint-name,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 32, illus.

Malek, H.M. “The Sasanian king Khusrau II (AD 590/1-628) and Anahita,” Name-ye Iran-e Bastan 2.1 (2002), pp. 23-43, illus.

The special coinage of the Sasanian king Khusrau II is considered in the context of his wars against the Byzantines. (H.M. Malek)

Malek, H.M. The Dabuyid Ispahbads and Early 'Abbasid Governors of Tabaristan: History and Numismatics, Special Publication 39. Royal Numismatic Society, London (2004). 185pp., 37 pls.

Mazar, A. Excavations at Tel Beth-Shean 1989-1996. Vol. I. Late Bronze Age IIB to the Medieval Period. Jerusalem (2006). 736 pp., illus.

On pp. 607-615, N. Mitai-Preis catalogues and illustrates the 48 identifiable coins out of the 370 coins found during the excavations. All are copper apart from two Tyrian tetradrachms dated year 19 (108/7 BC) and 84 (43/2 BC), respectively, and a gigliati of the Order of St. John in Rhodes (early fourteenth century AD). The copper coins include 2 Ptolemaic, 10 Seleucid, 2 Phoenician, 4 Hasmonaean, 6 Roman, 7 Byzantine, and 8 Islamic pieces. (Arnold Spaer)

Metlich, M.A. and N.C. Schindel. “Egyptian copper coinage in the 7th century AD: some critical remarks,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 11-15, illus.

Oddy, A. “A new proto-Umayyad mint in Syria?” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 263-240, illus.

This paper considers the large copper folles struck by the Arabs at Scythopolis/Baisan and Gerasa/Jerash in the early Umayyad period. The coins copy regular Byzantine folles issued at Nikomedia by Justin II and Sophia in the 570s, but must have been struck in the 670s or 680s. As well as literate or semi-literate mint signatures on these coins, there are some legends which are clearly not reading either Scythopolis or Gerasa. Now 14 coins (some of which are die-duplicates) have been identified on which the obverse legends all start ABL (in Greek letters). Subsequent letters are variable. It is, however, suggested that these coins were struck at Abila, modern Tel Abil, which is situated about 50 km north of Gerasa and 40 km north-east of Scythopolis. (A. Oddy)

Oddy, A. “The Twin Standing Caliph fals,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 10-11, illus.

Schulze, W. “Some modern fakes of Islamic countermarks from 7th century Syria -a warning!” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 180 (Summer 2004), pp. 32, illus.

Sion, O. and A. Said. “A Mansion House from the Late Byzantine-Umayyad Period in Beth Shean-Scythopolis,” Liber Annus 52 (2002), pp. 253-366, pl. 14.

Among finds at this site was a small pot containing 751 gold solidi: 95 of Phocas, 382 of Heraclius, 216 of Constans II, and 48 of Constantine IV. (Arnold Spaer)

Steguweit, Wolfgang. “Berliner Münzkabinett im Bodemuseum. Neue Medaillen zur Wiedereröffnung des Bode-Museums,” Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt 55.12 (2006), pp. 531, illus.

2006 medals by Heinz and Sneschana Russewa-Hoyer and (2 different ones) by Andreas Jähnig. (Hans R. Baldus)

Tyler-Smith, S. “The Kavad hoard,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 308-312, illus.

A hoard of 45 drachms of Peroz (9), Valash (1), Jamasp (1), Kavad I (32) and Khusrau I (2) is notable for the inclusion of a coin of Kavad I, year 18, from the mint WYHC. It appears that this is the first time a coin of Kavad from this mint has been published, with a photograph, though their existence has been mentione in the literature. WYHC seems to have struck coins for year 17 and 18 only during Kavad's reign, though it becomes a commonly encountered abbreviation after year 23 of Khusrau I. A discussion of the attribution of WYHC suggests that the mint was probably located at Veh-az-Amid-Kavad (Arrajan) during Kavad's reign but a mint in central Iraq from Khusrau I onwards. (S. Tyler-Smith)

Yevdokimov, Viktor. “The Two Standards of the Kaffa Mint,” The Journal of the Classical and Medieval Society 5.4 (December 2004), pp. 163-169, illus.

The author discusses the use of the sommo weight and asper coin at Kaffa in the fifteenth century. (Oliver D. Hoover)




European

Brown, L. “Corpus Nummorum Italicorum: an index,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 87-89.




European -- Medieval

Allen, Martin. “Medieval English die-output,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 39-49.

Allen, Martin, R. Abdy, and Philip De Jersey. “Coin Register 2003,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 198-299, illus.

Anonymous. Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde, 2nd ed., vol. 28, Seddin - Skíringssal. Berlin/New York (2005).

Several articles may be interesting to the numismatist (ancient-medieval coins): i.e. that of St. Krmnicek, "Silbergeld", pp. 440-443; Wilhelm Hollstein, "Siliqua," pp. 445-451, illus. (plate 11, a-f); L. Lind, "Sindarve," pp. 456-458, illus. (plate 12, illustrationg the 1st-2nd century AD Roman silver hoard, Gotland 1870, deposited after 300 AD, and which included imperial denarii (several pierced and/or worn, some imitations)); M. Milinkoviç, "Sirmium," pp. 499-503; Ralf Wiechmann, "Skandinavisches Münzwesen," pp. 604-614, illus. (sketches). (Hans R. Baldus)

Baldassarri, Monica. “La città e il commercio internazionale: la monetazione a Pisa tra XII e XVII secolo,” in Tangheroni, Marco (ed.), Pisa e il Mediterraneo. Uomini, merci, idee dagli Etruschi ai Medici,. Pisa/Milano (2003), pp. 263-269, illus.

Si prende in esame il ruolo-chiave svolto dalla città e dal porto di Pisa nel raccordo fra l'entroterra toscano e lo spazio commerciale del Mar Tirrenico. Riflesso e testimonianza materiale di tale funzione economica di primario rilievo sono le vicende della zecca pisana, riaperta verso la metà del XII secolo, dopo la parentesi carolingia, e attiva fino alla sua chiusura nel 1609. (A. Carignani)

Baldassarri, Monica. “Le tessere mercantili,” in Tangheroni, Marco (ed.), Pisa e il Mediterraneo. Uomini, merci, idee dagli Etruschi ai Medici,. Pisa/Milano (2003), pp. 432-434, illus.

Esposte nella mostra dedicata alla storia e all'economia della città di Pisa ottotessere mercantili databili fra XIII e XIV secolo. Si tratta di dischi in lega di rame con raffigurazioni di simboli araldici di corporazioni commerciali che venivano utilizzati, secondo una recente ipotesi, come contrassegni o "lettere di presentazione metallica" per mezzo delle quali gli agenti potevano ritirare le merci e svolgere affari anche su mercati lontani. (A. Carignani)

Bauer, Franz Alto (ed.). Visualisierungen von Herrschaft. Frühmittelalterliche Residenzen - Gestalt und Zeremoniell, Bizyas 5. (2006).

Brown, I. David. “The Counterpane and the Calculator,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 49.9 (November 2004), pp. 464-469, illus.

Some thoughts on accounting and dating using Roman numerals. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Holmes, N.M.McQ. “The Lindsay Carnegie collection at the National Museums of Scotland,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 145-159.

A look at the collection of Major Donald Lindsay Carnegie (1840-1911). (Martin Allen)

Jacobs, Wayne L. “The English Kings and Queens of France,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 50.3 (April 2005), pp. 115-125, illus.

A discussion of English claims to the throne of France as presented on English coins from the thirteenth to the eighteenth century. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Krüger, Thomas and Christina Maassen. “Rheinisches Amt für Bodendenkmalpflege: Ausgrabungen, Funde und Befunde 2001 und 2002,” Bonner Jahrbuch 204 (2004), pp. 273-358, illus.

Many coins are mentioned in the report, several of which were identified by Claudia Klages from the Bonn coin cabinet. Only some Ancient Celtic or Roman Republican, most of the coins are Roman Imperial 1st ? 4th/5th century A.D., some European medieval, some early modern or modern. See pp. 288, 289, 291, 293, 294 (2001); 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, 338, 345 and 351 (2002). (Hans R. Baldus)

Lavarone, Massimo. “Altre monete riprodotte nei manoscritti del Cortenovis,” in Moreno, Mariella (ed.), Delle medaglie carnio illiriche del P. Angelo Maria Cortenovis. Venezia (2003), pp. 33-42, illus.

L'A. tenta di riconoscere e catalogare gli esemplari monetali greci, romani e medievali raffigurati sui fogli allegati al manoscritto sulle monete celtiche del Cortenovis. (A. Carignani)

Niemeyer, Hans Georg, Roald F. Docter, and Karin E. Schmidt (eds.). Karthago. Die Ergebnisse der Hamburger Grabung unter dem Decumanus Maximus. Mainz (2006).

Tangheroni, Marco (ed.). Pisa e il Mediterraneo. Uomini, merci, idee dagli Etruschi ai Medici,. Pisa/Milano (2003).




European -- Early Medieval

Archibald, M.M. and M. Dhenin. “A sceat of Offa of Mercia,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 20-27, illus.

Arslan, Ermanno A. “Simbolo del potere. Potere del simbolo. Appunti per l'analisi di una strategia della comunicazione da Augusto Imperatore agli Ottoni,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 32 (2003), pp. 337-363, illus.

Le esigenze di comunicazione dell'autorità e del comando, mediante l'immagine e la funzionalità dei simboli del potere, vengono ripercorse dall'A., grazie alla documentazione numismatica, per l'età romana imperiale e fino a tutto l'alto medioevo. (A. Carignani)

Crusafont i Sabater, M. “An unpublished Ravenna tremissis of Charlemagne,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 241-244, illus.

This article publishes a new type of tremissis of Charlemagne belonging to the Lombard tradition and minted in Ravenna. The reading and interpretation of its legends, and its authenticity and chronology (774-781) are discussed. This coin bears the title MAG(NA) given to Ravenna as the former imperial capital, which might indicate Charlemagne's desire to receive the imperial title that the pope finally gave him in 800. (M. Crusafont i Sabater)

Depeyrot, Georges. Crisis e inflación entre la Antigüidad y la Edad Media. Crítica, Barcelona (1996). 339 pp.

A Spanish translation of the author's Crises et inflation entre Antiquité et Moyen Âge (1992). (Oliver D. Hoover)

Fischer, Josef. “Ein justierte Münz aus der Gruppe der "pseudoimperialen" Goldmünzen der Merowingerzeit im Historischen Museum Basel,” Schweizer Münzblätter 218 (June 2005), pp. 43-46, illus.

The author presents a Merovingian imitative gold coin copying the VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM types of Justinian. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Hahn, Wolfgang. “Anmerkungen zu einigen Monogrammen auf langobardischen Kleinsilbermünzen,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 32 (2003), pp. 283-289, illus.

Breve nota su di un monogramma a forma di croce ricorrente sulle emissioni di piccole monete d'argento longobarde. (A. Carignani)

Hulett, J.R. “A second coin of Edward the Confessor PACX type of the Cambridge mint,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 237, illus.

Lyon, S. and S. Holmes. “A new moneyer for the post-Brunanburh Viking rulers of York,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 178-180, illus.

Mackay, W. “A new early secondary sceatta type linking Series W and Series N,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 159-160, illus.

Metcalf, David M. “Monetary circulation in England, c. 675-c. 710: the distribution pattern of Series A, B and C - and F,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 1-19.

Travaini, Lucia. “La zecca merovingia di Avenches e le prime monete con il volto di Cristo,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 32 (2003), pp. 291-301, illus.

L'A. rintraccia sul D/ di un tremisse merovingio emesso nel 625 dalla zecca di Aventicum (Avenches, Svizzera) la prima adozione del volto di Cristo. Ispirato al Mandylion di Edessa, la moneta precede di quasi settanta anni la comparsa di questa iconografia su un solidus di Giustiniano II battuto a Costantinopoli nel 692. (A. Carignani)

Travaini, Lucia. “Saints and sinners. Coins in medieval Italian graves,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 159-181.

This paper offers an overview and interpretation of the presence of coins in medieval Italian graves from the fifth to the fifteenth century. If early medieval graves are better known for their grave goods, later medieval ones are less studied, although the presence of coins continued. Coins were never systematically offered in graves, in any period, but still they are found in ordinary graves or in élite ones, including many tombs of saints. Coins in saints' graves are normally low value ones taken from current circulation. (Lucia Travaini)

Zäch, Benedikt and José Diaz Tabernero. “Bemerkungen zu den Münzfunden des 9. und 10. Jahrhunderts zwischen Bodensee und Bündner Alpen,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 82 (2003), pp. 61-82, illus.




European -- High Medieval

Allen, Martin. “The Framlingham Castle, Suffolk, hoard of Cross-and-Crosslets (Tealby) and Short Cross coins, 1850,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 282-285.

Allen, Martin. “The groats of Edward I,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 28-38, illus.

Alram, Micahel. “The History of the Vienna Penny (c. 1120-c.1150),” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 185-199, illus.

Vengono delineate la storia e le vicende del denaro introdotto da Carlo Magno, battuto nelle zecche imperiali fra il 1120 e il 1500, prima moneta standard universalmente accettata e rionosciuta in Europa. (A. Carignani)

Arslan, Ermanno A. “Simbolo del potere. Potere del simbolo. Appunti per l'analisi di una strategia della comunicazione da Augusto Imperatore agli Ottoni,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 32 (2003), pp. 337-363, illus.

Le esigenze di comunicazione dell'autorità e del comando, mediante l'immagine e la funzionalità dei simboli del potere, vengono ripercorse dall'A., grazie alla documentazione numismatica, per l'età romana imperiale e fino a tutto l'alto medioevo. (A. Carignani)

Baldassarri, Monica. “Il ripostiglio delle Logge dei Banchi: la circolazione mediterranea e le coniazioni auree alla metà del Duecento,” in Tangheroni, Marco (ed.), Pisa e il Mediterraneo. Uomini, merci, idee dagli Etruschi ai Medici,. Pisa/Milano (2003), pp. 416-421, illus.

Nel 1925, sotto la pavimentazione della Loggia dei Banchi a Pisa, fu rinvenuto e subito disperso un ricco ripostiglio di monete d'oro medievali. Furono in seguito recuperati 289 pezzi emessi dalle zecche di Costantinopoli, Messina, Brindisi, Firenze e Lucca. La massima concentrazione delle monete è compresa fra il 1196 e il 1270, un periodo in cui la zecca di Pisa non emetteva moneta aurea. (A. Carignani)

Baldassarri, Monica. “I denari lucchesi e le monete portate dai crociati al seguito di Daiberto in Terrasanta,” in Tangheroni, Marco (ed.), Pisa e il Mediterraneo. Uomini, merci, idee dagli Etruschi ai Medici,. Pisa/Milano (2003), pp. 414-415, illus.

Esposta nella mostra una serie di denari emessi dalla zecca di Lucca a nome di Enrico IV di Franconia nella seconda metà dell'XI secolo. Queste monete registrarono una discreta diffusione anche in Terrasanta all'epoca della Prima Crociata e soprattutto in seguito all'elezione di Daiberto, vescovo di Pisa, al Patriarcato di Gerusalemme. (A. Carignani)

Baldassarri, Monica. “Le rotte commerciali,” in Tangheroni, Marco (ed.), Pisa e il Mediterraneo. Uomini, merci, idee dagli Etruschi ai Medici,. Pisa/Milano (2003), pp. 435-437, illus.

Esposti nella mostra sette aquilini grossi e minuti, recanti sul D/ la Vergine coronata in trono con il Bambino, battuti a nome di Federico II dalla zecca di Pisa fra il 1255 e gli anni successivi al 1270. (A. Carignani)

Benažić, Aleksandar. “Podrijetlo simbola kune na hrvatskom novcu (II.) uvod - The origin of the symbol of a marten on Croatian money (II),” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 97-121, illus.

The author explores the symbolic aspect of the marten (kuna) used on medieval and modern money of Croatia. He suggests that the creature had mythological, alchemical, and kabbalistic associations that made it a potent symbol. Croatian with English summary.. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Bendall, Simon. “Richard I in Cyprus again,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 85-86, illus.

The author discusses a plated copper coin attributed to Richard I of England and struck in Cyprus. (Martin Allen)

Bianchi II, David C. “The Life and Times of a Medieval Moneyer,” The Numismatist 118.1 (January 2005), pp. 52-56, illus.

An overview of coin production in twelfth century England with a biography of the moneyer William FitzErembald. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Crafter, T.C.R. “A moneyer's initial on a Cross-and-Crosslets coin,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 180-181, illus.

A Henry II cross-and-crosslets penny probably struck by a Canterbury moneyer Rogier with a surname indicated by the initial W. (Martin Allen)

Di Martino, G. “An interesting Sicilian tari minted by Roger II,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 9-10, illus.

Dobrinić, Julijan. “Prilog istraživanju matapana i njihovih imitacija / A contribution to research into matapans and their imitations (I),” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 136-146, illus.

The author discusses imitations of the Venetian grosso (matapan)struck by the rulers of Bosnia and Serbia. Croatian with English summary. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Holmes, N.M.McQ. “A probable short cross purse hoard from Dumfriesshire,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 180-183.

A discussion of a hoard of five English short cross pennies and one Scottish sterling of Alexander II, found in 2002, with a list of other short cross hoards from Scotland. (Martin Allen)

Jordanov, Ivan. “A Seal of Rozhe, Son of Dagobert (11th-12th C.),” Numismatica Bulgarica 2.1 (2004), pp. 14-68, illus.

Matzke, Michael. “Neue Forschungen zum Breisgauer Pfennig und der Lindwurmpfennig,” Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt 54.4 (2005), pp. 135-140, illus.

Metal analysis and historical considerations lead the author to the conclusion that the 13th century 'Lindwurmpfennige' (silver pennies of the Upper Rhine region depicting a dragon) were struck at the royal/episcopal mint of Breisach during a short phase of Habsburg control in the years 1251-1254. (Hans R. Baldus)

Pandžić, Miljenko. “Pregled i kronologija hrvatskih banova i hercega u doba posljednjeg arpadovića Andrije II./III. - Survey and chronology of Croatian dukes and bans in the reign of King Andrew II/III the last Arpad king,” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 50-96, illus.

A documentary history of the regional rulers of Slavonia, Croatia, and Dalmatia (some of whom issued coins) under Andrew II/III of Hungary (1290-1296). Croatian with English summary. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Phillips, M. “A late hoard of Crusader and French billon pennies from Syria,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 299-308, illus.

Sixty-five billon coins of Tripoli (50), Sidon (1), Cyprus (7), Guincamp (1) and Deols (1) said to have been found at Margat, a Hospitaller castle abandoned in 1285, are described. The parcel is compared with other late Crusader hoards and the pattern of monetary circulation in the last decades of Frankish settlement is briefly discussed. (M. Phillips)

Schulze, W. “An unknown variant of the Crusader deniers from Beirut,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 238, illus.

Smajlagić, Robert. “Ostava slavonskih banskih denara iz Rakitovice (Općina Donji Miholjac)- Hoard of Slavonian banal denars in Rakitovica (Donji Miholjac municipality),” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 122-135, illus.

The author presents a hoard of 55 banal denars. The internal chronology of the hoard contents seems to suggest that coins with o-o sigla attributed to Ban Nikola by rengje may actually be issues of Otto of Bavaria. Croatian with English summary. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Spencer, P.D. “Two recent finds,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 86-87, illus.

The author discusses finds of a Scottish sterling of Malcolm IV and an English Long Cross class VII penny of the Durham mint. (Martin Allen)

Stewartby, Lord. “Edward's Boar's Head halfpence,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 183-184, illus.

The author presents halfpence formerly attributed to Edward V (1483), but now believed to have been struck in the reign of Richard III (1483-1485). (Martin Allen)

Travaini, Lucia. “Saints and sinners. Coins in medieval Italian graves,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 159-181.

This paper offers an overview and interpretation of the presence of coins in medieval Italian graves from the fifth to the fifteenth century. If early medieval graves are better known for their grave goods, later medieval ones are less studied, although the presence of coins continued. Coins were never systematically offered in graves, in any period, but still they are found in ordinary graves or in élite ones, including many tombs of saints. Coins in saints' graves are normally low value ones taken from current circulation. (Lucia Travaini)




European -- Late Medieval

Anonymous. “Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn. Bericht des Direktors für das Jahr 2002,” Bonner Jahrbuch 204 (2004), pp. 359-368, illus.

p. 362, "Münzen": The coin cabinet acquired a double shilling of Wilhelm von Gennep (Cologne), struck at Bonn in 1356; 3,86g, Noss 102a.p. 367, "Münzen": Two Ancient Celtic coins entered the coin cabinet: Ambiani, stater 1st century B.C., 6.13g, Scheers 24, found at Zülpich; Southern Germany, stater (?Regenbogenschüsselchen?) 1st century B.C., 7,58g, de la Tour 9430/Streber 53, found at Zülpich. Also: 102 German banknotes, 1922-23. (Hans R. Baldus)

Baldassarri, Monica. "Stemmi, animali e altre bizzarrie". Tessere mercantili e gettoni di Moisè Supino. Museo Nazionale di San Matteo, Pisa (2003). 92, illus.

Nel catalogo vengono presentati i 50 esemplari (tessere mercantili, delle Arti, doganali e di beneficenza, gettoni di conto e da gioco) provenienti dalla collezione di Moisè Supino (1812-1878), donata nel 1893 al Comune di Pisa e ora esposta al Museo Nazionale di San Matteo. Le tessere, raccolte da Supino sulle rive dell'Arno, furono battute per conto di società mercantili fiorentine, senesi e pisane fra il XIII e il XV secolo. Quelle di beneficenza sono invece databili al XVI-XVIII, mentre i gettoni fra XII e XVI secolo. (A. Carignani)

Bendall, Simon. “Andronicus II and the Doge of Venice,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 238, illus.

Discussion of a copper trachy of Andronicus II and Michael IX. (Martin Allen)

Blaschegg, Max. “Der Schatzfund von Wolsen,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 141-168, illus.

The author presents a thirteenth century penny and bracteate hoard found in Wolsen (Zurich Canton)in 1869. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Brown, I. David. “Some Things Are Free, For Everything Else There's A Credit Card - The Nature and Form of Money,” The Journal of the Classical and Medieval Society 5.4 (December 2004), pp. 192-200, illus.

An overview of English money and banking from the late Middle Ages to the early twenty first century. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Cook, B.J. “A hoard of medieval English coins from Yuretta, near Bilbao,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 292-295.

This appears to be the earliest find of English medieval coins from Spain: a group of 24 English pennies of Edward I-II and 4 continental sterlings, deposited c. 1307-1310. (B.J. Cook)

Day, W.R. “Early imitations of the gold florin of Florence and the imitation florin of Chivasso in the name of Theodore I Paleologus, Marquis of Montferrat (1306-1338),” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 183-199.

This article considers the dating of the imitation florin of Chivasso (Province of Turin, Italy), struck in the name of Marquis Theodore of Montferrat, in the context of florin imitations in western and central Europe. The earliest imitation florins, as opposed to counterfeits or hybrids, were those issued bu Pope John XXII (1316-34) from the papal mint at Pont de Sorgues, near Avignon, in September 1322. This constitutes the terminus post quem for the dating not only of Theodore's imitation florin but also all other florin imitations. The receipts of the Avignon popes indicate that florins of the Piedmont were coming into the papal coffers as early as November 1322. Barring evidence to the contrary, it seems reasonable to suppose that these coins were Theodore's florins of the Chivasso mint. (W.R. Day)

Gulubov, Georgi. “A Contribution to the History and Numismatics of Medieval Bulgaria. Part Three,” Нумизматика и Сфрагистика 9 (2002-2003), pp. 61-72, illus.

The author argues that the Mikhail named with Irena on certain Bulgarian issues must be Mikhail of Vidin who also took the surname Asen. Bulgarian text with English summary. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Hoover, Oliver D. “An Introduction to the History and Coinage of the Medieval Balkans Part I: Slavonia,” The Journal of the Classical and Medieval Society 6.2 (June 2005), pp. 34-43, illus.

An overview of the history of Slavonia (Northern Croatia) and the medieval coinages produced in the region under the authority of the local Bans (viceroys). (Oliver D. Hoover)

Ilisch, Peter. “Eine gute (rheinische ?) Turnosennachprägung,” Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt 54.4 (2005), pp. 148, illus.

The author publishes a rather light imitation of a gros tournois found in 2004 at Attendorn, Kr. Olpe. It shares a common reverse die with two (different) light weight pieces from the Wenholthausen (Sauerland) hoard. This points to a production of these 14th century coins in the nearby Rhine area. (Hans R. Baldus)

Klein, Ulrich and Daniel Schmutz. “Funde von Goldmünzen des 14. und 15. Jahrhunderts aus dem Kanton Bern,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 82 (2003), pp. 95-128, illus.

The authors present 17 hoards and finds of gold coins from the fourteenth and fifteenth century in the Swiss canton of Bern. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Mazar, A. Excavations at Tel Beth-Shean 1989-1996. Vol. I. Late Bronze Age IIB to the Medieval Period. Jerusalem (2006). 736 pp., illus.

On pp. 607-615, N. Mitai-Preis catalogues and illustrates the 48 identifiable coins out of the 370 coins found during the excavations. All are copper apart from two Tyrian tetradrachms dated year 19 (108/7 BC) and 84 (43/2 BC), respectively, and a gigliati of the Order of St. John in Rhodes (early fourteenth century AD). The copper coins include 2 Ptolemaic, 10 Seleucid, 2 Phoenician, 4 Hasmonaean, 6 Roman, 7 Byzantine, and 8 Islamic pieces. (Arnold Spaer)

Schmutz, Daniel. “Ein spätmittelalterlicher Münzschatzfund aus Villeret im Vallon de St-Imier,” Schweizer Münzblätter 218 (June 2005), pp. 50-53, illus.

The author presents a small fourteenth century bracteate hoard from the Vallon de St-Imier. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Shott, M. “A coin of Roger from the Canterbury mint,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 7-8, illus.

The author discusses a Henry III Long Cross penny of class Vh. (Martin Allen)

Stewartby, Lord. “An Edward III Berwick farthing of reduced fineness,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 245-248, illus.

An Edward III Berwick farthing below 83% fine may represent an issue at the debased standard introduced in May 1335. (Lord Stewartby)

Travaini, Lucia. “Saints and sinners. Coins in medieval Italian graves,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 159-181.

This paper offers an overview and interpretation of the presence of coins in medieval Italian graves from the fifth to the fifteenth century. If early medieval graves are better known for their grave goods, later medieval ones are less studied, although the presence of coins continued. Coins were never systematically offered in graves, in any period, but still they are found in ordinary graves or in élite ones, including many tombs of saints. Coins in saints' graves are normally low value ones taken from current circulation. (Lucia Travaini)

Tzamalis, Anastasios P. “Princess Isabelle of Achaia and her husbands. A new look at an old numismatic mystery,” Νομισματικα Χρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 59-73, illus.

The author argues that the coinage of Isabelle was produced in parallel with that of her consort Florent fron 1293/4 to 1297 based on historical evidence as well as shared punches, symbols, and reduced silver content. Text in English and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Withers, B. “SCBI 23, Ashomolean Museum, Oxford, III: coins of Henry VII - comments, corrections and addition,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 184-186, illus.

Withers, P. and B. Withers. “The halfpence and farthings of Henry VI: a re-assessment,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 50-67, illus.

Zervos, Orestes H. “A Note on Three Unusual Counterfeit Deniers Tournois from Corinth Excavations,” Νομισματικα Χρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 75-83, illus.

The author presents two counterfeit deniers with the types of Clarenza under William and Isabelle Villehardouin and of Lepanto under Philip of Tarentum. Text in English and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)




European -- Early Modern

Ackermann, Rahel C. and Reto Marti. “Eine Börse aus Aesch BL um 1500,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 169-188, illus.

A review of early modern coin finds from Aesch-"Käppel". (Oliver D. Hoover)

Ackermann, S. “and memory: calendar medals in the British Museum part 1.” The Medal 45 (Autumn 2004), pp. 3-43, illus.

Adams, S. “Phoenix medals and medallions,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.10 (March 2004), pp. 407-416, illus.

Allen, Martin, R. Abdy, and Philip De Jersey. “Coin Register 2003,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 198-299, illus.

Alteri, Giancarlo. “Il Giubileo di Sisto IV attraverso alcune testimonianze numismatiche dirette e indirette,” in Benzo, Fabio (ed.), Sisto IV. Le Arti a Roma nel Primo Rinascimento. Atti del Convegno Internazionale. Roma (2000), pp. 151-154, illus.

Vengono presentate alcune monete e medaglie di Sisto IV nelle quali si rintracciano riferimenti diretti o indiretti al Giubileo del 1475. Fra le altre, si ricorda un pezzo d'oro di 10 fiorini di Camera, un doppio grosso in argento e una medaglia con la raffigurazione sul R/ del Ponte Sisto, inaugurato proprio nel gennaio di quell'anno giubilare per accogliere i pellegrini giunti a Roma e per permettere loro di raggiungere la riva destra del Tevere. (A. Carignani)

Ambühl,Martin. “Einige Überlegungen zum Nominalsystem der Sittener Münzprägung im 15. und 16. Jahrhundert,” Schweizer Münzblätter 213 (March 2004), pp. 1-8, illus.

An overview of early modern denomination systems used in Switzerland. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Andison, A. “Obstetric calendars,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.10 (March 2004), pp. 423-425, illus.

Andison, A. “A stroll around South Bridge,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.12 (September 2004), pp. 484-506, illus.

Tokens of South Bridge in Edinburgh. (Martin Allen)

Baldassarri, Monica. “La città e il commercio internazionale: la monetazione a Pisa tra XII e XVII secolo,” in Tangheroni, Marco (ed.), Pisa e il Mediterraneo. Uomini, merci, idee dagli Etruschi ai Medici,. Pisa/Milano (2003), pp. 263-269, illus.

Si prende in esame il ruolo-chiave svolto dalla città e dal porto di Pisa nel raccordo fra l'entroterra toscano e lo spazio commerciale del Mar Tirrenico. Riflesso e testimonianza materiale di tale funzione economica di primario rilievo sono le vicende della zecca pisana, riaperta verso la metà del XII secolo, dopo la parentesi carolingia, e attiva fino alla sua chiusura nel 1609. (A. Carignani)

Baldassarri, Monica. “Le tessere mercantili,” in Tangheroni, Marco (ed.), Pisa e il Mediterraneo. Uomini, merci, idee dagli Etruschi ai Medici,. Pisa/Milano (2003), pp. 432-434, illus.

Esposte nella mostra dedicata alla storia e all'economia della città di Pisa ottotessere mercantili databili fra XIII e XIV secolo. Si tratta di dischi in lega di rame con raffigurazioni di simboli araldici di corporazioni commerciali che venivano utilizzati, secondo una recente ipotesi, come contrassegni o "lettere di presentazione metallica" per mezzo delle quali gli agenti potevano ritirare le merci e svolgere affari anche su mercati lontani. (A. Carignani)

Baldassarri, Monica. "Stemmi, animali e altre bizzarrie". Tessere mercantili e gettoni di Moisè Supino. Museo Nazionale di San Matteo, Pisa (2003). 92, illus.

Nel catalogo vengono presentati i 50 esemplari (tessere mercantili, delle Arti, doganali e di beneficenza, gettoni di conto e da gioco) provenienti dalla collezione di Moisè Supino (1812-1878), donata nel 1893 al Comune di Pisa e ora esposta al Museo Nazionale di San Matteo. Le tessere, raccolte da Supino sulle rive dell'Arno, furono battute per conto di società mercantili fiorentine, senesi e pisane fra il XIII e il XV secolo. Quelle di beneficenza sono invece databili al XVI-XVIII, mentre i gettoni fra XII e XVI secolo. (A. Carignani)

Bateson, J.D. “Two seventeenth-century copper hoards from Scotland,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 187-190.

A presentation of thirty-six coins found at St Combs, Aberdeenshire, in 2002, and twenty-one coins from Athelstaneford, East Lothian, in 2001. (Martin Allen)

Benzo, Fabio (ed.). Sisto IV. Le Arti a Roma nel Primo Rinascimento. Atti del Convegno Internazionale. Associazione Culturale Shakespeare and Company, Roma (2000).

Biggs, N. “Provincial coin-weights in the eighteenth century,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 102-120, illus.

Coin weights in eighteenth-century England. (Martin Allen)

Brown, I. David. “Some Things Are Free, For Everything Else There's A Credit Card - The Nature and Form of Money,” The Journal of the Classical and Medieval Society 5.4 (December 2004), pp. 192-200, illus.

An overview of English money and banking from the late Middle Ages to the early twenty first century. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Bryce, J. “A medal by Hedlinger in Hans Sloane's collection,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 30-31, illus.

Using written evidence, an unsigned silver medal of Empress Anna of Russia in the Slaone collection is shown to be by Hedlinger in 1736. (J. Bryce)

Clute, Stanley H. “Louis XV of France: Jetons of the Ordinaire des Guerres and the Extraordinaire des Guerres,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 50.2 (March 2005), pp. 69-78, illus.

A catalogue and discussion of jetons issued between 1720 and 1758 by the departments responsible for financing the French military machine. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Cope, Geoffrey. “The Mystery Monogram,” The Numismatist 110.7 (July 2005), pp. 54-56, illus.

The author discusses the inclusion of the hidden TR monogram of the engraver Thomas Rawlins on the Oxford crowns of Charles I produced in 1644. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Danforth, Brian. “Rosa Americana Tonnage: Revising Breen,” The C4 Newsletter 12.4 (Winter 2004), pp. 17-33.

A revision of Breen's interpretation of the Rosa Americana Patent based on metrological study of known specimens and the problematic ambiguity of the "ton" described in the patent. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Danforth, Brian J. “St. Patrick Coinage Revisited,” The Colonial Newsletter 127 (April 2005), pp. 2786-2796, illus.

A response to the criticism of Harrington Manville and a defense of the author's position on the use of Blondeau's equipment for the production of the coinage and denominational terminology. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Danforth, Brian J. “Rosa Americana Symbolism: Provenance Mark and the American Rose,” The Colonial Newsletter 130 (April 2006), pp. 2937-2966, illus.

The author argues that the rose of Wood's Rosa Americana coinage served primarily as a provenance mark for the mining and metalworking industries of western England. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Danforth, Brian. “Bath Metal: Composition of Rosa Americana Coins,” The C4 Newsletter 14.2 (Summer 2006), pp. 6-15, illus.

A discussion of the so-called Bath metal used by William Wood for his Rosa Americana coinage with emphasis on the importance of zinc in the alloy. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Danson, E. “A seventeenth century token of Derby? ,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.9 (December 2003), pp. 381-382, illus.

A halfpenny token of 'Valentine in Derby', 1669. (Martin Allen)

Du Quesne Bird, N. “English communion tokens of the 16th and 17th centuries,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 380, illus.

Diaz Tabernero, José. “Fundmünzen aus Tessiner Kirchen: Nachtrag,” Schweizer Münzblätter 218 (June 2005), pp. 54-55, illus.

The author discusses a billon picciolo of Francesco Sforza di Cotignola in the context of the Tessin Church hoard. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Diaz Tabernero, José. “Der Hortfund vom Luzernorter in Sempach, gefunden 1950,” Schweizer Münzblätter 220 (December 2005), pp. 99-110, illus.

The author publishes a fourteenth century hoard from Luzernorter primarily involving bracteate and pfennig issues from mints of central Switzerland. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Dykes, D.W. “The 'Dunkirk' halfpenny,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 190-197, illus.

A discussion of the 1795 halfpenny token issued by the Dunkirk Factory in Somerset. (Martin Allen)

Dykes, D.W. “Some reflections on provincial coinage 1787-1797,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 160-174, illus.

A discussion of eighteenth-century tokens in Britain. (Martin Allen)

Eimer, C. “A Short Note on the Pingos,” The Medal 45 (Autumn 2004), pp. 60-62, illus.

Eighteenth-century papers, materials, and medals relating to the Pingo family of engravers in a descendant's possession have come to light and are now published. (C. Eimer)

Elsig, Patrick. “Une bourse du XVIIe siècle parmi les trouvailles monétaires de l'église Saint-Sylve de Vex (VS),” Schweizer Münzblätter 213 (March 2004), pp. 11-12,illus.

The author publishes the contents of a purse along with other coin finds from the Church of Saint Sylve de Vex. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Elsig, Patrick. “Le trésor monétaire de la maison Zentriegen, à Rargone (VS): 145 pièces d'un batz frappées par l'évêque de Sion François-Joseph Supersaxo entre 1708 et 1722.” Schweizer Münzblätter 219 (September 2005), pp. 73-80, illus.

Full publication of an early seventeenth century billon hoard composed of coins of the Valais Republic under François-Joseph Supersaxo. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Fedel, Lorenzo. “Ein Schatzfund aus der zeit des Dreissigjährigen Krieges: Der Hortfund von Bressaucourt (Ju),” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 189-212, illus.

The author publishes a silver and gold hoard from the first half of the seventeenth century found in Bressaucourt in 1916. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Beltrán Fortes, José, Beatrice Cacciotti, Xavier Dupré Raventós, and Beatrice Palma Venetucci (eds.). Illuminismo e Ilustración. Le antichità e i loro protagonisti in Spagna e in Italia nel XVIII secolo. L'Erma di Bretschneider, Roma (2003).

Hartman, Don. “King George I Indian Peace Medal found in New Jersey,” The C4 Newsletter 14.2 (Summer 2006), pp. 18-25, illus.

The author chronicles and illustrates the 2003 metal detectorist find of a King George I Indian peace medal as well as other coins and buttons in the same area. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Henderson, A. “A riddle of Rye,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.10 (March 2004), pp. 421-422, illus.

The farthing token of William Keye, 1652. (Martin Allen)

Jacobs, Wayne L. “The English Kings and Queens of France,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 50.3 (April 2005), pp. 115-125, illus.

A discussion of English claims to the throne of France as presented on English coins from the thirteenth to the eighteenth century. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Kavazović, Robert. “Neobičan dubrovački artiluk iz 1702. godine / An unusual Dubrovnik artiluk from 1702,” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 147-150, illus.

The author presents a new artiluk of Dubrovnik dated 1702 that imitates an issue of Riga under Sigismund III of Poland. Croatian with English summary. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Kays, Thomas. “Second Thoughts on a First Rate Coin Hoard: Castine Revisited,” The Colonial Newsletter 128 (August 2005), pp. 2837-2868, illus.

The author reconstructs the discovery of the Castine Hoard in 1840 and suggests that the true circumstances of its burial may have been the aftermath of the disastrous Penobscot expedition of American forces against the British in 1779, rather than in 1703 during Queen Anne's War, as is usually supposed. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Klein, Ulrich. “Von Paradies zu Paradies: Theriak und Theriak-Kapseln,” Schweizer Münzblätter 218 (June 2005), pp. 35-42, illus.

The author discusses a group of medals and stamped lead bottle caps of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries related to the cure-all known as theriac. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Klein, Ulrich and Daniel Schmutz. “Funde von Goldmünzen des 14. und 15. Jahrhunderts aus dem Kanton Bern,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 82 (2003), pp. 95-128, illus.

The authors present 17 hoards and finds of gold coins from the fourteenth and fifteenth century in the Swiss canton of Bern. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Krüger, Joachim, Daniela Pohl, and Mustafa H. Sayar. Zwischen dem Reich und Schweden. Die landesherrliche Münzprägung im Herzogtum Pommern und in Schwedisch-Pommern in der frühen Neuzeit (ca. 1580-1715), Nordische Geschichte 3. Berlin (2006).

University of Greifswald thesis, ca. 350 pp., illus. (Hans R. Baldus)

Krüger, Thomas and Christina Maassen. “Rheinisches Amt für Bodendenkmalpflege: Ausgrabungen, Funde und Befunde 2001 und 2002,” Bonner Jahrbuch 204 (2004), pp. 273-358, illus.

Many coins are mentioned in the report, several of which were identified by Claudia Klages from the Bonn coin cabinet. Only some Ancient Celtic or Roman Republican, most of the coins are Roman Imperial 1st ? 4th/5th century A.D., some European medieval, some early modern or modern. See pp. 288, 289, 291, 293, 294 (2001); 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, 338, 345 and 351 (2002). (Hans R. Baldus)

Kunzmann, Ruedi. “Eine unbekannte Variante eines Gros o.J. des Sittener Bischofs Adrian I. von Reidmatten,” Schweizer Münzblätter 213 (March 2004), pp. 11-12,illus.

Lasser, Joseph R. “Thank You, Sir Isaac,” The C4 Newsletter 13.3 (Fall 2005), pp. 8-16, illus.

The author discusses the use of Sir Isaac Newton's assays at the Tower Mint for the development of coin value ratings by the Continental Congress in Fall 1776. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Lasser, Joseph R. and Erik Goldstein. “Lying Lions and Deceptive Dogs,” The Numismatist 118.8 (August 2005), pp. 40-44, illus.

The authors discuss the history of the Dutch lion dollar and its imitations in the 16th-18th centuries. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Lory, Martin. “Die Umprägung der "B-Fünfbätzler und "B-Zehnkreuzer" und die Berner Prägetätigkeit 1753-1756,” Schweizer Münzblätter 223 (September 2006), pp. 74-83, illus.

A detailed study of the production of the 5-bätzler and 10-kreuzer denominations bearing the large B mintmark, struck by the Swiss city of Bern from 1753-1756. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Macmillan, A.T. “Scottish school tokens, second supplement - dinner tickets,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.10 (March 2004), pp. 405-406, illus.

Manville, H.E. and P.P. Gaspar. “The 1787 shilling - a transition in minting technique,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 84-101, illus.

Manville, Harrington E. “Review of Brian J. Danforth's paper on St. Patrick Coinage,” The Colonial Newsletter 127 (April 2005), pp. 22781-2785, illus.

While the author generally accepts Danforth's placement of the Irish St. Patrick coins in a Restoration period context he raises questions about the technology used to produce them and the proper terms for the denominations. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Mastelloni, MAria Amalia. “Monete di XVIII sec. da Castroreale (ME), da un'area non determinata e da Rometta (ME),” Annali, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 48 (2001), pp. 267-283, illus.

Esposti in mostra a Messina una serie di rinvenimenti monetali effettuati nel territorio. Si tratta del ripostiglio di Castroreale rinvenuto nel 1934 (48 monete genovesi, spagnole, siciliane e napoletane comprese fra il 1625 e il 1736), di un rinvenimento non identificato dal terrritorio (15 monete genovesi, spagnole e napoletane del XVII e XVIII sec.) e di un ritrovamento a Rometta (17 monete d'argento del Regno di Napoli databili fra il 1686 e il 1736). (A. Carignani)

Mazarakis, Andreas D. “The Coins of Rhodes 1476-1522,” Νομισματικα Χρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 103-120, illus.

A review of the coinages struck by the Grand Master Pierre d'Aubusson and his successors. Text in English and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)

McKeown, S. “Literary tradditions and the medal: Sebastian Dadler and the emblem genre,” The Medal 45 (Autumn 2004), pp. 44-59, illus.

This article explores the iconography of a group of medals produced in the mid 17th century by Sebastian Dadler, identifying his indebtedness to printed sources, in particular emblem books by such writers as Rollenhagen, Cramer, Ripa and Alciato. The author analyses the iconographic slippage that occurs in the process of transferring images from the printed page to the numismatic field. (S. McKeown)

Mimica, Bože. “Nalazi novca iz Gradine u Klani / Finds of coins on the Gradina site in Klana,” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 37-49, illus.

The author presents fifteen coins datable from the fifteenth to the early seventeenth centuries found at the fort near Rijeka. These include issues of Salzburg, Venice, Hungary, Bavaria, and Austria. Croatian with English summary. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Missere Fontana, Federica. “Appunti antiquari di Achille Stazio (1525-1581) in una copia del De Notis Romanorum di Marco Valerio Probo (1525) in Biblioteca Estense Universitaria di Modena,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 32 (2003), pp. 303-332, illus.

Su di un opera di M. Valerio Probo edita nel 1525 e conservata a Modena compaiono numerose e fitte note della mano dell'umanista ed erudito portoghese Aquiles Estaço (Achille Stazio, 1524-1581). Di particolare interesse, accanto ai passi sulle epigrafi, sono i riferimenti di argomento numismatico dedicati prevalentemente a monete antiche dell'area veneta e del territorio di Padova, dove a lungo soggiornò prima del suo trasferimento a Roma nel 1557. (A. Carignani)

Moore, Roger A., Stanley E. Stevens, and Robert A. Vlack. “Update of the Vlack Attribution of St. Patrick Halfpence with Visual Guide,” The Colonial Newsletter 129 (December 2005), pp. 2921-2928, illus.

A reappraisal of Robert Vlack's 1968 die study of the St. Patrick halfpence including very high quality type and die state illustrations. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Moore, Roger, Steve Frank, and James C. Spilman. “Unusual Type 1 Brockage in a King George I Farthing,” The C4 Newsletter 14.3 (Fall 2006), pp. 31-34, illus.

The authors present an obverse brockage of a King George I farthing of 1719-1724 with a peculiar raised crescent form at the lower right edge of the reverse. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Moreno, Mariella (ed.). Delle medaglie carnio illiriche del P. Angelo Maria Cortenovis. Villa Manin-Passeriano, Venezia (2003).

Oddie, G. “False countermarks on Edward VI shillings,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.9 (December 2003), pp. 376-377, illus.

Oddie, G. “A 17th century token forgers mould?” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.9 (December 2003), pp. 384-385, illus.

Palins, David. “The "St. Patricks" [sic] Coinage Enigma,” The C4 Newsletter 14.3 (Fall 2006), pp. 29-31.

The author suggests that the so-called "St. Patrick" copper coinage of the seventeenth century was not produced in Ireland and that the two denominations were not struck at the same time. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Paul, R. “An unrecorded 17th century traders token,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.11 (June 2004), pp. 463, illus.

A farthing token of William Merrill, Leadenhall Street, London. (Martin Allen)

Pickup, D. “'While the bright coins in silver showers descend': British coronation medals of the 17th-19th centuries,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 26-29, illus.

A look at how medals were distributed during the coronation ceremony as symbols of the sovereign's generosity, including reports from the coronations of Charles II to Queen Victoria. (D. Pickup)

Piqué, Xavier. “The Coins in Ben Franklin's Pocket,” The Numismatist 118.2 (February 2005), pp. 51-54, illus.

A look at the foreign coins that circulated in the British North American colonies in the time of Benjamin Franklin (Oliver D. Hoover)

Powell, D. “British lead tokens,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.12 (September 2004), pp. 512-523.

Prister, Boris. “Dvije školske medalje carice Marije Terezije / Two school medals of Empress Maria Theresa,” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 193-197, illus.

Sanders, G.P. “The awards of the United Provinces,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 5-12, illus.

The history and function of medals issued by the Dutch Republic between 1568 and 1648. (Martin Allen)

Scotney, T. “Tokens of the Spectacle Makers,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 8.1 (December 2004), pp. 25-32, illus.

Some seventeenth-century tokens. (Martin Allen)

Serafin, Patrizia. “Il documento moneta nella "Vida de Cicerón" di José Nicolas de Azara,” in Beltrán Fortes, José, Beatrice Cacciotti, Xavier Dupré Raventós, and Beatrice Palma Venetucci (eds.), Illuminismo e Ilustración. Le antichità e i loro protagonisti in Spagna e in Italia nel XVIII secolo. Roma (2003), pp. 341-356.

L'A. sottolinea il valore e l'importanza della traduzione in spagnolo della biografia di C. Middleton, The life of M. T. Cicero, pubblicata a Londra nel 1749. Autore di questa versione è J. N. de Azara, colto e versatile protagonista della vita culturale, politica e mondana nella Spagna del '700. Oltre ad un prologo del traduttore l'opera è arricchita da una serie diu illustrazioni numismatiche che segnalano il rilevante interesse di Azara per la moneta come documento non meramente illustrativo , ma con vera e propria valenza politico-ideologica. (A. Carignani)

Shane, Leo. “An 18th Century American Merchant's Dilemma,” The C4 Newsletter 14.1 (Spring 2006), pp. 14-32, illus.

The author discusses and illustrates English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese coins that are mentioned an an American ready reckoner of the mid eighteenth century. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Sharp, M. “Proposed Union with Scotland, 1604,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 186-187, illus.

Copper medals related to the James I's proposed union of England and Scotland. (Martin Allen)

Shelby, Wayne. “Circulation Patterns of Small Denomination Regal Spanish Silver in Southern New Jersey during Colonial, Confederation and Early Federal Times,” The C4 Newsletter 14.3 (Fall 2006), pp. 16-22.

A discussion of metal detectorist finds of Spanish silver fractions from sites in southern New Jersey. The finds range in date from the reign of Philip IV (1621-1665) to that of Ferdinand VII (1808-1833) and are primarily issues of the Mexico City mint, although Bogota, Nueva, Guatemala, and Seville are also represented in small number. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Siboni, Roger (ed.). “The Amenities of Coin Collectors, Part 1,” The C4 Newsletter 13.3 (Fall 2005), pp. 28-31.

The first instalment of three part series on the etiquette of coin collectors in the nineteenth century. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Siboni, Roger (ed.). “The Amenities of Coin Collectors, Part 1,” The C4 Newsletter 13.4 (Summer 2006), pp. 18-21.

The second instalment of a three part series on the etiquette of coin collectors in the nineteenth century. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Stewartby, Lord. “Two false crowns of James IV,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 233, illus.

Tabernero, José Diaz. “Eine wiederentdeckte Prägung des Bistums Sitten von Matthäus Schiner aus dem Jahre 1501,” Schweizer Münzblätter 213 (March 2004), pp. 9-10,illus.

Tangheroni, Marco (ed.). Pisa e il Mediterraneo. Uomini, merci, idee dagli Etruschi ai Medici,. Pisa/Milano (2003).

Thompson, R. “The Bear in Bridgetown: further details,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 8.1 (December 2004), pp. 24, illus.

A 17th-century token reattributed from Bridgetown, Devon to Bridgetown, Warwickshire. (Martin Allen)

Trogan, R. “Une medaille de Duvivier et la pompe a feu du Gros-Caillou,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 32-35, illus.

Two Parisian fire brigade medals of 1786. (Martin Allen)

Veillon, M. “Medailles des rois de France au seizieme siecle: representation et imaginaire,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 13-25, illus.

French royal medals from c.1540 to 1610. (Martin Allen)

Wager, A. “How were seventeenth century tokens marketed to village communities? Some documentary references to the tokens of Middle Tysoe, Warwickshire,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.11 (June 2004), pp. 457-460, illus.

Wager, A. “An unlisted imitation Spade Guinea by Henry Laugher?” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.9 (December 2003), pp. 382-383, illus.

Williams, Ray. “A St. Patrick Connection?” The C4 Newsletter 13.3 (Fall 2005), pp. 17-20, illus.

The author compares the type of edge reeding found on St. Patrick halfpence and farthings to that on Irish halfpence of Charles II. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Winsborough, T. “A reworked George III halfpenny,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.9 (December 2004), pp. 386, illus.

Wyprächtiger, Kurt. “Ein datierter Schaffhauser Halbbatzen von 1525,” Schweizer Münzblätter 223 (September 2006), pp. 71-73, illus.

The author discusses and illustrates the silver halbbatzen struck by Swiss Schaffhauser in 1525. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Yevdokimov, Viktor. “The Two Standards of the Kaffa Mint,” The Journal of the Classical and Medieval Society 5.4 (December 2004), pp. 163-169, illus.

The author discusses the use of the sommo weight and asper coin at Kaffa in the fifteenth century. (Oliver D. Hoover)




European -- Modern

Alekseev, A. “The "Greek Project" of the Empress Catherine the Great and Russian Medal Art,” Νομισματικα Ξρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 97-101, illus.

The author discusses a medal produced in 1779 that presents Constantin, the grandson of Catherine the Great, as a new Byzantine Emperor who would rule over Greece after Russian armies had expelled the Ottoman Turks. Text in English and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Allen, Martin, R. Abdy, and Philip De Jersey. “Coin Register 2003,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 198-299, illus.

Anonymous. “Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn. Bericht des Direktors für das Jahr 2002,” Bonner Jahrbuch 204 (2004), pp. 359-368, illus.

p. 362, "Münzen": The coin cabinet acquired a double shilling of Wilhelm von Gennep (Cologne), struck at Bonn in 1356; 3,86g, Noss 102a.p. 367, "Münzen": Two Ancient Celtic coins entered the coin cabinet: Ambiani, stater 1st century B.C., 6.13g, Scheers 24, found at Zülpich; Southern Germany, stater (?Regenbogenschüsselchen?) 1st century B.C., 7,58g, de la Tour 9430/Streber 53, found at Zülpich. Also: 102 German banknotes, 1922-23. (Hans R. Baldus)

Attwood, P. “Promoting the medal in France 1889-1939,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 36-59, illus.

Benažić, Aleksandar. “Podrijetlo simbola kune na hrvatskom novcu (II.) uvod - The origin of the symbol of a marten on Croatian money (II),” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 97-121, illus.

The author explores the symbolic aspect of the marten (kuna) used on medieval and modern money of Croatia. He suggests that the creature had mythological, alchemical, and kabbalistic associations that made it a potent symbol. Croatian with English summary.. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Beštak, Branko. “Odlikovanja Miroslava i Bele Krleže / The decorations of Miroslav and Bela Krleža,” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 170-192, illus.

Bourne, M.L. “In which the Worshipful Company of Founders commissions a medal from Linda Crook,” The Medal 45 (Autumn 2004), pp. 74-77, illus.

Brown, I. David. “The Counterpane and the Calculator,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 49.9 (November 2004), pp. 464-469, illus.

Some thoughts on accounting and dating using Roman numerals. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Brown, I. David. “Some Things Are Free, For Everything Else There's A Credit Card - The Nature and Form of Money,” The Journal of the Classical and Medieval Society 5.4 (December 2004), pp. 192-200, illus.

An overview of English money and banking from the late Middle Ages to the early twenty first century. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Brzić, A.N. and R. Denk. “An intriguing Vienna connection: newly discovered punches for Bulgarian ducats of Czar Boris (1918-1943),” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 166-167, illus.

Charpentier-Darcy, M. “'L'esprit et la main': les monnaies de verre d'Henri Navarre,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 60-71, illus.

The work of the French medallist and artist Henri Navarre (1885-1971). (Martin Allen)

Cope, A. “Canaries and the big bang!!” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.12 (September 2004), pp. 507-511, illus.

Tokens of the First World War ordnance factory at Chilwell, Nottinghamshire. (Martin Allen)

Cortenovis, Angelo Maria. “Delle medaglie carnico-illiriche,” in Moreno, Mariella (ed.), Delle medaglie carnio illiriche del P. Angelo Maria Cortenovis. Venezia (2003), pp. 87-122, illus.

Edizione del manoscritto autografo del Cortenovis dedicato alle medaglie carnico-illiriche. (A. Carignani)

Ćurić, Mijo N. “Hrvatski dinar / The Croatian denar,” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 161-169, illus.

The author makes the peculiar claim that the name of the Croatian denar was inherited from Iran rather than from the Roman Empire. Croatian with English summary. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Dolenec, Irislav. “Nove spoznaje o probnim otkovima novaca za vrijeme NDH 1941. godine / New insight about trial outputs of currency during the Independent State of Croatia in 1941,” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 157-160, illus.

The author looks at number varieties for the 500-kuna trial of 1941. Croatian with English summary. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Eden, M. “Yew Tree Inn and Pedestrian Grounds, Wall Heath,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.10 (March 2004), pp. 419-420, illus.

A public house token. (Martin Allen)

Fabry, Edgar. “Nepoznata pisma Josipa Brunšmida / Unknown letters by Josip Brunšmid,” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 202-215, illus.

The author presents seven new letters from the period 1903-1905 discussing the purchase prices of Bulgarian, Serbian, and Bosnian medieval coins. Croatian with English summary. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Forster, Nicholas A. “The Mint Goes to the Movies,” The Numismatist 118.1 (January 2005), pp. 43-47, illus.

The author discusses the use of London's Pinewood Studios by the Royal Mint during the Second World War. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Giglierano, Geoff. “For Valor and Service: The ANS and the Collecting of Orders, Decorations, adn War Medals,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 5.1 (Spring 2006), pp. 46-52, illus.

An overview of the American Numismatic Society's holdings of American and European orders, decorations and medals accompanied by a history of the collection. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Green, N.R. “Bogomil Nikolov's Medallic Sculpture Studio,” The Medal 45 (Autumn 2004), pp. 68-73, illus.

The author discusses her journey into the world of the art medal, and the Medallic Sculpture Studio at the Sofia National Academy of Arts. (N.R. Green)

Hayes, R. “Time, pay and tool checks (Part 8),” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.9 (December 2003), pp. 387-391, illus.

Klebs, Jürgen. “Daphne und Apoll in Bronze vereint. Ein Berliner Medaillon interpretiert Daphne und Apoll, Verfolgte und Verfolger, als männlichen und weiblichen Gegenspieler,” Antike Welt 38.2 (2007), pp. 36-37, illus.

Presentation and interpretation of a cast medal (one of 100 copies) inscribed ?Daphne und Apoll? by Wieland Förster, a Berlin artist born 1930 at Dresden. On the one-sided medal (2003) the torsos of both nymph and god are depicted. (Hans R. Baldus)

Klein, Ulrich. “Schillermedaillen und Schillermünzen von Dannecker bis Theumer,” Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt 54.5 (2005), pp. 181-193, illus.

A discussion of the German poet Friedrich (von) Schiller († 1805) as depicted on medals and coins, 1796-2005 (Germany, Cook Islands, Liberia, Togo). (Hans R. Baldus)

Kouros, John D. “The Crowns of King Othon of Greece,” Νομισματικα Χρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 127-153, illus.

A detalied discussion of the silver crown (5 drachmai)coinage struck in MunicH, Paris and Athens for Otto of Bavaria as King of Greece. English and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Kovásznai, V. “The exquisite medals of Edit Rácz,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 80-86, illus.

Edit Rácz's medals tell stories about multi-coloured aspects of nature and the human soul. Their approach is mostly surrealistic, balancing the naturalistic and the non-representational, moving in formal expression towards a more abstract dimension. (V. Kovásznai)

Krüger, Thomas and Christina Maassen. “Rheinisches Amt für Bodendenkmalpflege: Ausgrabungen, Funde und Befunde 2001 und 2002,” Bonner Jahrbuch 204 (2004), pp. 273-358, illus.

Many coins are mentioned in the report, several of which were identified by Claudia Klages from the Bonn coin cabinet. Only some Ancient Celtic or Roman Republican, most of the coins are Roman Imperial 1st ? 4th/5th century A.D., some European medieval, some early modern or modern. See pp. 288, 289, 291, 293, 294 (2001); 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, 338, 345 and 351 (2002). (Hans R. Baldus)

Lampinen, P. “Chhota Udaipur paisa overstruck on a European copper,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 46, illus.

Lobato de Faria, A. “João Duarte: a pioneer of the object/medal in Portugal,” The Medal 45 (Autumn 2004), pp. 63-67, illus.

As Director of the Contemporary Art Movement Gallery (Movimento Arte Contemporãnea - MAC) in Lisbon I staged an exhibition of João Duarte's entire medallic work. His innovative work has included ninety medals in the last nineteen years together with his teaching. (A. Lobato de Faria)

Martindale, Nancy E. “Test-Drive these Coins,” The Numismatist 110.7 (July 2005), pp. 42-46, illus.

A review of modern coinage using the automobile as a main feature of the type. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Mathias, P. “Official and unofficial money in the eighteenth century: the evolving uses of currency,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 68-83.

Small change in late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century Britain in the context of economic history. (Martin Allen)

Matić, Branko. “ Standardizacija kvalitete kovinskog novca kao sastavnica zakona o novcu / Standardizing coin quality as part of the monetary law,” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 170-174.

Macmillan, A.T. “Forgeries of £1 and £2 coins,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.9 (December 2003), pp. 378-380, illus.

Nieuwendam, A. “Ianchelevici: the medallic legacy,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 72-79, illus.

The sculptor Idel Ianchelevici (1909-1994) created seventeen medals and many sculptures of famous persons in France and Belgium. There are three museums dedicated to his work, in France, Belgium and the Netherlands. (A. Nieuwendam)

Pickup, D. “'While the bright coins in silver showers descend': British coronation medals of the 17th-19th centuries,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 26-29, illus.

A look at how medals were distributed during the coronation ceremony as symbols of the sovereign's generosity, including reports from the coronations of Charles II to Queen Victoria. (D. Pickup)

Raýman, János. “Nagrada Nikola Zrinski / The Nikola Zrinski Award,” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 198-201, illus.

Schloss, Andrew. “Obituary for the Belgian Franc: Belgium's Post-War Political Landscape Reflected Through its Coinage. Part I: Crisis in the Monarchy,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.2 (Summer 2004), pp. 40-43, illus.

An overview of the history of the Belgian franc from 1831 to 1999. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Thompson, R. “Sheffield and Eccleshall Co-op tokens: the final phases,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.10 (March 2004), pp. 426-427, illus.

van Alfen, Peter. “The Meaning of a Memory: The Case of Edith Cavell and the Lusitania in Post-World War I Belgium,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 5.1 (Spring 2006), pp. 18-30, illus.

The author discusses the political context of medals and other artworks commemorating the slaying of Edith Cavell and the sinking of the Lusitania during and in the immediate aftermath of World War I. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Waddell, P. “German prisoner of war beer token?” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.10 (March 2004), pp. 417-419, illus.

Waddell, P. “The Morley mint,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 8.1 (December 2004), pp. 5-21, illus.

Manufacturers of coins and tokens in Morley, Yorkshire. (Martin Allen)

Waddell, P. “Northamptonshire traders tokens,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.10 (March 2004), pp. 428-431, illus.

Manufacturers of coins and tokens in Morley, Yorkshire. (Martin Allen)

Webb, D. “A North Shields draper,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.11 (June 2004), pp. 461-462, illus.

Tokens of Howard Stores, North Shields. (Martin Allen)

Webb, D. “A North Shields success story,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 8.1 (December 2004), pp. 33-34, illus.

The story of Bell Brothers, a retail business in the north east of England issuing tokens. (Martin Allen)

Young, D. “Bath Theatre,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.11 (June 2004), pp. 444-456, illus.

A discussion of nineteenth-century theatre tokens. (Martin Allen)




Africa

Baldus, Hans R. “Die Fundmünzen,” in Niemeyer, Hans Georg, Roald F. Docter, and Karin E. Schmidt (eds.), Karthago. Die Ergebnisse der Hamburger Grabung unter dem Decumanus Maximus. Mainz (2006), pp. 821-840, pl. 56.

A list of coins (151, nearly all bronze) from the excavations with a commentary by the author:Several Punic coins (4th century BC to 146 BC) ? among them some interesting early and very small ones; one each from the Ptolemaic Cyrenaica, of the Numidian kingdom, and from the island of Ebusus/Baleares.One halved Roman Republican as, one antoninianus of Claudius II Gothicus (268-270).Several Late Roman coins (4th to 5th centuries) ? clipped now and then, Vandalic minimi and Byzantine coins, Carthage mint until about 660 A.D. (Hans R. Baldus)

Geissen, Angelo and Manfred Weber. “Untersuchungen zu den ägyptischen Nomenprägungen IV: 17.- 22. oberägyptischer Gau,” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 151 (2005), pp. 279-305, illus.

This article covers the Upper Egyptian nomes Kynopolites, Oxyrhynchites, Herakleopolites and Aphroditopolites and provides addenda to Arsinoites. (Hans R. Baldus)

Juel-Jensen, B. “An unusual triangle on an Ebana coin,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 294, illus.

Metlich, M.A. and N.C. Schindel. “Egyptian copper coinage in the 7th century AD: some critical remarks,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 11-15, illus.

West, V. “A gold variety of Ezanas of Aksum from India,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 180 (Summer 2004), pp. 4-5, illus.




Near and Middle East

Baldassarri, Monica. “I denari lucchesi e le monete portate dai crociati al seguito di Daiberto in Terrasanta,” in Tangheroni, Marco (ed.), Pisa e il Mediterraneo. Uomini, merci, idee dagli Etruschi ai Medici,. Pisa/Milano (2003), pp. 414-415, illus.

Esposta nella mostra una serie di denari emessi dalla zecca di Lucca a nome di Enrico IV di Franconia nella seconda metà dell'XI secolo. Queste monete registrarono una discreta diffusione anche in Terrasanta all'epoca della Prima Crociata e soprattutto in seguito all'elezione di Daiberto, vescovo di Pisa, al Patriarcato di Gerusalemme. (A. Carignani)

Bendall, Simon. “Richard I in Cyprus again,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 85-86, illus.

The author discusses a plated copper coin attributed to Richard I of England and struck in Cyprus. (Martin Allen)

Dauwe, R. “Some remarks on the coins of Qumm,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 24.

Deshazo, Alan S. “Numaylah b. Malik,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 180 (Summer 2004), pp. 5-6, illus.

Discussion of the issuer of an Arab-Sasanian coin of Arrajan. (Martin Allen)

Eshragh, A.S. “An interesting Arab-Sassanian dirhem,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 45-46, illus.

Goodwin, T. “A new Standing Caliph mint in Jund Filastin?” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 299-301, illus.

Goron, S. “The coinage of the Safavid ruler, 'Abbas II up to AH 1060 - Part 2,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 35-40, illus.

Heidemann, S. “Collections of Oriental coins in Germany,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 5-9.

Heidemann, Stefan. “Eine kurze Geschichte der Sammlungen orientalischer Münzen in Deutschland,” Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt 55.12 (2006), pp. 517-526.

A survey of the history and public collections (with addresses etc.) of oriental coins in Germany. (Hans R. Baldus)

Hirschfeld, Y. Ramat Hanedio Excavations - Final Report of the 1984-1998 Seasons. Jerusalem (2000). 720 pp., illus.

On pp. 89-90, R. Barkay catalogues and illustrates 11 coins found at Horvat 'Aqar, found during the excavation of an area in the Carmel range, south of Haifa. On is a procuratorial issue (AD 59-61), 2 are coins of Caesarea, 2 are llate Roman, 1 is Cilician Armenian, and 4 are Ottoman.On pp. 377-417 and pls. I-XI, Barkay also catalogues 223the coins found in a tunnel of the spring at 'Ein Tzur and the surrounding area in the Carmel range. The coins cover the period from 527 BC to AD 1917, but those from the tunnel are mainly late Roman, Vandalic, Ostrogothic and Byzantine up to the time of Constans II. (Arnold Spaer)

Kind, H.D., K.J. Gilles, A. Hauptmann, and G. Weisgerber. “Coins from Faynan, Jordan,” Levant 37 (2005), pp. 169-195, illus.

1395 coins were found at the site, situated about 50 km south of the Dead Sea at the eastern edge of the Wadi Araba rift valley, during extensive studies of ancient copper production in the area in 1963-1997. 1013 of the coins have been identified. Of these 103 were minted from circ. 300 BC to AD 213. 609 coins are dated between AD 312 and the earthquake of AD 363. The following 60 years are represented by 643 coins and the next 226 years by only 18 coins. No coins were found for the periods AD 656 to 1210 or 1360 to 1800. Eleven Islamic coins date to AD 1210-1360. All 1395 coins are listed. Coin no. 77 is a small copper, apparently unpublished, dated to the third century BC, depicting a bird r. looking backwards on one side and a head (?) on the other. (Arnold Spaer)

Lloyd, S. “An unpublished Umayyad dirham of Harat dated 80h, with Pahlawi mint-name,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 32, illus.

Mazar, A. Excavations at Tel Beth-Shean 1989-1996. Vol. I. Late Bronze Age IIB to the Medieval Period. Jerusalem (2006). 736 pp., illus.

On pp. 607-615, N. Mitai-Preis catalogues and illustrates the 48 identifiable coins out of the 370 coins found during the excavations. All are copper apart from two Tyrian tetradrachms dated year 19 (108/7 BC) and 84 (43/2 BC), respectively, and a gigliati of the Order of St. John in Rhodes (early fourteenth century AD). The copper coins include 2 Ptolemaic, 10 Seleucid, 2 Phoenician, 4 Hasmonaean, 6 Roman, 7 Byzantine, and 8 Islamic pieces. (Arnold Spaer)

Oddy, A. “A new proto-Umayyad mint in Syria?” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 263-240, illus.

This paper considers the large copper folles struck by the Arabs at Scythopolis/Baisan and Gerasa/Jerash in the early Umayyad period. The coins copy regular Byzantine folles issued at Nikomedia by Justin II and Sophia in the 570s, but must have been struck in the 670s or 680s. As well as literate or semi-literate mint signatures on these coins, there are some legends which are clearly not reading either Scythopolis or Gerasa. Now 14 coins (some of which are die-duplicates) have been identified on which the obverse legends all start ABL (in Greek letters). Subsequent letters are variable. It is, however, suggested that these coins were struck at Abila, modern Tel Abil, which is situated about 50 km north of Gerasa and 40 km north-east of Scythopolis. (A. Oddy)

Oddy, A. “The Twin Standing Caliph fals,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 10-11, illus.

Phillips, M. “A late hoard of Crusader and French billon pennies from Syria,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 299-308, illus.

Sixty-five billon coins of Tripoli (50), Sidon (1), Cyprus (7), Guincamp (1) and Deols (1) said to have been found at Margat, a Hospitaller castle abandoned in 1285, are described. The parcel is compared with other late Crusader hoards and the pattern of monetary circulation in the last decades of Frankish settlement is briefly discussed. (M. Phillips)

Schulze, W. “An unknown variant of the Crusader deniers from Beirut,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 238, illus.

Schulze, W. “Some modern fakes of Islamic countermarks from 7th century Syria -a warning!” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 180 (Summer 2004), pp. 32, illus.

Sion, O. and A. Said. “A Mansion House from the Late Byzantine-Umayyad Period in Beth Shean-Scythopolis,” Liber Annus 52 (2002), pp. 253-366, pl. 14.

Among finds at this site was a small pot containing 751 gold solidi: 95 of Phocas, 382 of Heraclius, 216 of Constans II, and 48 of Constantine IV. (Arnold Spaer)

Steguweit, Wolfgang. “Berliner Münzkabinett im Bodemuseum. Neue Medaillen zur Wiedereröffnung des Bode-Museums,” Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt 55.12 (2006), pp. 531, illus.

2006 medals by Heinz and Sneschana Russewa-Hoyer and (2 different ones) by Andreas Jähnig. (Hans R. Baldus)

Tyler-Smith, S. “The Kavad hoard,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 308-312, illus.

A hoard of 45 drachms of Peroz (9), Valash (1), Jamasp (1), Kavad I (32) and Khusrau I (2) is notable for the inclusion of a coin of Kavad I, year 18, from the mint WYHC. It appears that this is the first time a coin of Kavad from this mint has been published, with a photograph, though their existence has been mentione in the literature. WYHC seems to have struck coins for year 17 and 18 only during Kavad's reign, though it becomes a commonly encountered abbreviation after year 23 of Khusrau I. A discussion of the attribution of WYHC suggests that the mint was probably located at Veh-az-Amid-Kavad (Arrajan) during Kavad's reign but a mint in central Iraq from Khusrau I onwards. (S. Tyler-Smith)

Tyler-Smith, S. “A parcel of Persis drachms, half drachms and obols,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 253-271, illus.

This parcel, probably part of a much larger hoard, contained 231 coins - drachms (5), half drachms (91) and obols (135) - dating from 'Unknown king' (2nd half of 2nd century BC) to Arda&x#x9A;ir IV (end of 2hd century AD). They have been catalogued according to Alram's classification (M. Alram, Nomina Propra Iranica in Nummis, Iranisches Personennamenbuch, vol. 4 (Vienna, 1986)) with the legends transliterated when readable but with all varieties in the details of the bust, symbol etc. not noted by Alram listed. (S. Tyler-Smith)




India and South Asia

Abdullaev, K. “A hoard of Kushan copper coins from the Khalchayan area (Sekharakat village, Surkhandarya Region, Uzbekistan) - a preliminary report,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 3-43, illus.

Bhandare, S. “Coinage of the Habshi rulers of Janjira,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 28-35, illus.

Bhandare, S. “Hardwar: a new mint for Akbar's copper coinage,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 27-28, illus.

Bhandare, S. “History and coinage of the Angreys, admirals of the Maratha navy,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 180 (Summerr 2004), pp. 15-23, illus.

Bopearachchi, Osmund. “Two rare pre-Kushan coins,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 18-20, illus.

Bopearachchi, Osmund and W. Pieper. “Over-struck and double-struck,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 20, illus.

Discussion of a Graeco-Bactrian tetradrachm of Euthydemos I. (Martin Allen)

Bopearachchi, Osmund and K. Ratnatunga. “An inscribed Abhisheka Lakshmi coin from Sri Lanka,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 20-21, illus.

Heidemann, S. “Collections of Oriental coins in Germany,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 5-9.

Heidemann, Stefan. “Eine kurze Geschichte der Sammlungen orientalischer Münzen in Deutschland,” Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt 55.12 (2006), pp. 517-526.

A survey of the history and public collections (with addresses etc.) of oriental coins in Germany. (Hans R. Baldus)

Hüttel, Hans-Georg. “Unter Götterthronen – Archäologie im Hohen Himalaja (Nepal),” Expeditionen in vergessene Welten. 25 Jahre Archäologische Forschungen in Afrika, Amerika und Asien 10 (2004), pp. 151-177, illus.

On p. 170 with fig. 33 the author presents a Mananka coin imported from the south (enlarged obv.: animal l.) of the Licchavi period (6th-7th century AD ) from the Nepalese Khyinga, house 1. (Hans R. Baldus)

Jongeward, David. “Kushan Coin Deities,” The Journal of the Classical and Medieval Society 5.4 (December 2004), pp. 170-176, illus.

An overview of the gods and goddesses depicted on Kushan coins, including Shiva, Serapo, Nana, Pharro, Athsho, Oanindo, Mozdooano, and the Buddha. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Kulkarni, P.P. “Coins of Vidarbha Janapada,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 40-45, illus.

Lampinen, P. “Chhota Udaipur paisa overstruck on a European copper,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 46, illus.

Pieper, W. “Malayaman coins with Brahmi legend - fact or fiction? ,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 180 (Summer 2004), pp. 13-15, illus.

Senior, R. “A few more rare Indian ancient coins,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 24-26, illus.

Steguweit, Wolfgang. “Berliner Münzkabinett im Bodemuseum. Neue Medaillen zur Wiedereröffnung des Bode-Museums,” Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt 55.12 (2006), pp. 531, illus.

2006 medals by Heinz and Sneschana Russewa-Hoyer and (2 different ones) by Andreas Jähnig. (Hans R. Baldus)

Stevens, P. “The coins of the Bombay Presidency: The Bankot mint,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 28-32, illus.

Stevens, P. “Coins of the Bombay Presidency,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 180 (Summer 2004), pp. 27-31, illus.

Stevens, P. “The reformation of the coinage of Madras early in the nineteenth century,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 121-144, illus.

Stevens, P.J.E. “1705 coinage for the Bombay Presidency,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 90-91, illus.

Sucha, Don. “A Curious Discovery: The Use of Straits Settlements Coins in Calgary in 1906,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 50.3 (April 2005), pp. 107-110, illus.

The author discusses the peculiar phenomenon of the use of Straits Settlements (Malaysia) coins in Calgary in the early twentieth century and the importance of these foreign coins in the local economy. (Oliver D. Hoover)

West, V. “A gold variety of Ezanas of Aksum from India,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 180 (Summer 2004), pp. 4-5, illus.

Widemann, François. “Une confirmation numismatique de l'ère yavana de 186/185. Une hypothèse sur les causes et les conséquences de l'assassinat d'Eucratide,” Νομισματικα Χρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 37-53, illus.

The author looks at the dated coinages of the Indo-Greek rulers Heliocles and Platon and argues that the dates arecalculated according to a Yavana Era beginning in 186/5 BC. Text in French and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)




Central and East Asia

Deshazo, Alan S. “The regnal years of Ahmad Shah and Tamur Shah Durrani,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 180 (Summer 2004), pp. 247.

Federov, M. “A hoard of Khytai copper-lead alloy silver-washed dirhams from the Krasnaia Rechka hillfort,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 322-327, illus.

In 2003 at Krasnaia Rechka hillfort (medieval Naviket, Chu Valley, Kirghiz Republic) was found a hoard of 280 Khytai dirhams, minted shortly after nomadic Khytais captured the Chu Valley. The coins are badly worn, and only 28 are legible. There is no ruler's name and mint name, but they were certainly minted in Balasaghun, capital of the Khytais. The coins name caliphs Mustarshid (1118-1135) and Muktafi (1136-1160), and the legible dates are 527/1132-3, 531/1136-7 and 538/1143-4. The hoard is a valuable source for money circulation in the Chu Valley under the Khytais. (M. Federov)

Federov, M. “The Osh hoard of copper silver-washed dirhams minted c.1128-1132,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 312-321.

A hoard of Qarakhanid dirhams found in Osh (Kirghiz Republic) is a valuable source on the history of Fergana in 1128-1132. The coins are worn, or minted from worn dies, and only one mint name has survived, Akhsiket. The other mints, presumably, are Kasan and Uzgend. There are three groups: 500 coins minted by Qara Khan Hasan and his son Togrul Khan Husein, 353 coins of Arslan Muhammad and his son Qadir Khan Ahmad, and 38 coins of the Eastern Qarakhanid, Inal Khan Suleiman b. Husein. 108 coins are illegible. (M. Federov)

Federov, M. “Qarakhanid coins as a source for the history of Saghaniyan,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 201-208.

Saghaniyan coins show that in AH 395-406 the rulers were vassals of the Qarakhanids, naming them on their coins as suzerains, but that they temporarily revoked this vassalage during internicene wars between the Qarakhanids (in 402 and 405). In AH 410, they minted anonymous coins naming neither vassal nor suzerain, in 414-418 they again named the Qarakhanid khan as suzerain, and in 418-424 they again minted anonymous coins. In 424-428 the ruler of Saghaniyan, Abu-l-Qasim, named no suzerain. In 430 the Qarakhanid Ibrahim b. Nasr captured Saghaniyan and minted coins there in his name until AH 434, when having conquered Mawarannahr from the rival Qarakhanid faction, he ceded Saghaniyan to the Ghaznavid Mawdud, who minted there. In AH 435, Saghaniyan was conquered by the Seljukid Chaghry Bek Dawud, who minted there. (M. Federov)

Federov, M. “An enigmatic coin of al-Malik al-Salih Ism'ail b. Mahmud,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 46-48, illus.

Federov, M. “Money circulation in early-medieval Semirech'e (Jety Su),” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 7-17, illus.

Federov, M. “Money circulation of Khwarezm in the early-medieval period (6th-first half of 8th centuries AD),” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 16-24, illus.

Federov, M. “Samarqand in the eleventh century AD (based on information from coins),” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 180 (Spring 2004), pp. 5-12, illus.

Hartill, D. “Some new Southern Han lead coins,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 180 (Summer 2004), pp. 31-32, illus.

Heidemann, S. “Collections of Oriental coins in Germany,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 5-9.

Heidemann, Stefan. “Eine kurze Geschichte der Sammlungen orientalischer Münzen in Deutschland,” Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt 55.12 (2006), pp. 517-526.

A survey of the history and public collections (with addresses etc.) of oriental coins in Germany. (Hans R. Baldus)

Kalinin, V. and L. Treadwell. “A unique fals of Binkath (Shash province) dated 186 AH,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 15-16, illus.

Lam, O. Chun-Cheung. “The 1819 Canton Bank note and Parsee bankers in China,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 209-218.

It has been generally believed that the first foreign bank to be established in China was the Oriental Bank in 1845. This is now challenged by the Canton Bank note dated 1819 which is published in this article. The note is examined in detail arguing that it is an authentic note issued by Parsee bankers in Canton. Parsee bankers are shown to be the forerunners of the Anglo-Indian banks established in China in the 1840s. This provides a new insight into the evolution of foreign banking in China. (O. Chun-Cheung Lam)

Martindale, Nancy E. “Test-Drive these Coins,” The Numismatist 110.7 (July 2005), pp. 42-46, illus.

A review of modern coinage using the automobile as a main feature of the type. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Rhodes, N. “An Armenian in Lhasa in the 1680s,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 17-20, illus.

Rhodes, N. and A. Lissanevitch. “A new variety of a gold coin from Nepal,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 16-17, illus.

Steguweit, Wolfgang. “Berliner Münzkabinett im Bodemuseum. Neue Medaillen zur Wiedereröffnung des Bode-Museums,” Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt 55.12 (2006), pp. 531, illus.

2006 medals by Heinz and Sneschana Russewa-Hoyer and (2 different ones) by Andreas Jähnig. (Hans R. Baldus)

Wilson, L.M. “Demetrios I of Bactria and the 'Greek Era',” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 178 (Winter 2004), pp. 48.

Wilson, L.M. “Two coinage types of Eukratides II and the murderer of Eukratides I,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 179 (Spring 2004), pp. 26-28, illus.

Wilson, L.M. “Demetrios II of Bactria and hoards from Ai Khanoum,” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 180 (Summer 2004), pp. 12-13.




Mexico, Central and South America

Mayhugh, Marc. “Counterfeit Spanish Milled Dollars,” The C4 Newsletter 13.1 (Spring 2005), pp. 6-15.

A look at the large scale production of counterfeit and silver plated base metal milled dollars in the late eighteenth century. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Piqué, Xavier. “The Coins in Ben Franklin's Pocket,” The Numismatist 118.2 (February 2005), pp. 51-54, illus.

A look at the foreign coins that circulated in the British North American colonies in the time of Benjamin Franklin (Oliver D. Hoover)

Shelby, Wayne. “Circulation Patterns of Small Denomination Regal Spanish Silver in Southern New Jersey during Colonial, Confederation and Early Federal Times,” The C4 Newsletter 14.3 (Fall 2006), pp. 16-22.

A discussion of metal detectorist finds of Spanish silver fractions from sites in southern New Jersey. The finds range in date from the reign of Philip IV (1621-1665) to that of Ferdinand VII (1808-1833) and are primarily issues of the Mexico City mint, although Bogota, Nueva, Guatemala, and Seville are also represented in small number. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Sportack, Mark A. “Sommers Islands Hogge Money: Rediscovery!” The Colonial Newsletter 128 (August 2005), pp. 2875-2889, illus.

The author reviews the documented discoveries of Sommers Islands hogge money in the nineteenth century, suggesting that the majority received fictional discovery stories to enhance their acceptability as authentic among American collectors. Such stories are not associated with the coins in Bermuda because there the coins were recognized as authentic relics of the island's past. (Oliver D. Hoover)




United States Colonial

Alan, Anthony, Roger A. Moore, and Eric P. Newman. “Virginia Halfpence Variety Update with Revised Die Interlock Chart,” The Colonial Newsletter 127 (April 2005), pp. 2797-2806, illus.

Danforth, Brian. “Rosa Americana Tonnage: Revising Breen,” The C4 Newsletter 12.4 (Winter 2004), pp. 17-33.

A revision of Breen's interpretation of the Rosa Americana Patent based on metrological study of known specimens and the problematic ambiguity of the "ton" described in the patent. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Danforth, Brian J. “St. Patrick Coinage Revisited,” The Colonial Newsletter 127 (April 2005), pp. 2786-2796, illus.

A response to the criticism of Harrington Manville and a defense of the author's position on the use of Blondeau's equipment for the production of the coinage and denominational terminology. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Danforth, Brian J. “Rosa Americana Symbolism: Provenance Mark and the American Rose,” The Colonial Newsletter 130 (April 2006), pp. 2937-2966, illus.

The author argues that the rose of Wood's Rosa Americana coinage served primarily as a provenance mark for the mining and metalworking industries of western England. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Danforth, Brian. “Bath Metal: Composition of Rosa Americana Coins,” The C4 Newsletter 14.2 (Summer 2006), pp. 6-15, illus.

A discussion of the so-called Bath metal used by William Wood for his Rosa Americana coinage with emphasis on the importance of zinc in the alloy. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Fulghum, R. Neil. “Hugh Walker and North Carolina's "Smallpox Currency" of 1779,” The Colonial Newsletter 129 (December 2005), pp. 2895-2920, illus.

An overview of the career of Hugh Walker and the effects of the smallpox epidemic on the production of currency in Revolutionary North Carolina. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Gladfelter, David D. “Isaac Collins' Puzzle,” The C4 Newsletter 13.2 (Summer 2005), pp. 44-47, 50-52, illus.

An organizational puzzle is presented to illustrate the difficulties that faced Isaac Collins in economically producing the 25th issue of New Jersy bills of credit. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Hartman, Don. “King George I Indian Peace Medal found in New Jersey,” The C4 Newsletter 14.2 (Summer 2006), pp. 18-25, illus.

The author chronicles and illustrates the 2003 metal detectorist find of a King George I Indian peace medal as well as other coins and buttons in the same area. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Howes, Jack. “A New (and Long Overdue) Guide to the Identification of Machin's Mills Halfpence,” The C4 Newsletter 14.1 (Spring 2006), pp. 5-13, illus.

The author presents a full-color die family chart for counterfeit English halfpence produced by Machin's Mills. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Ish, Buell. “A Third Ear Merits Study,” The C4 Newsletter 12.3 (Fall 2004), pp. 5-24, illus.

The author discusses the peculiary strike of a Maris 77-dd New Jersy copper, leading to the suggestion that it was made when a steel bar was insered between the dies of the die press an repeatedly struck. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Kays, Thomas. “Second Thoughts on a First Rate Coin Hoard: Castine Revisited,” The Colonial Newsletter 128 (August 2005), pp. 2837-2868, illus.

The author reconstructs the discovery of the Castine Hoard in 1840 and suggests that the true circumstances of its burial may have been the aftermath of the disastrous Penobscot expedition of American forces against the British in 1779, rather than in 1703 during Queen Anne's War, as is usually supposed. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Kleeberg, John M. “The Stepney Find: Hoard or Collection? The Debate Continues,” The Colonial Newsletter 127 (April 2005), pp. 2807-2831.

After representing an online discussion concerning the interpretation of the Stepney coppers find, the author argues that the accumulation should indeed be considered a proper hoard by applying the methodologies used for study of ancient and medieval hoards. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Lasser, Joseph R. “Thank You, Sir Isaac,” The C4 Newsletter 13.3 (Fall 2005), pp. 8-16, illus.

The author discusses the use of Sir Isaac Newton's assays at the Tower Mint for the development of coin value ratings by the Continental Congress in Fall 1776. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Lasser, Joseph R. and Erik Goldstein. “Lying Lions and Deceptive Dogs,” The Numismatist 118.8 (August 2005), pp. 40-44, illus.

The authors discuss the history of the Dutch lion dollar and its imitations in the 16th-18th centuries. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Lupia, John N. “Counterfeit New England Copper Shillings and Sixpence,” The C4 Newsletter 14.3 (Fall 2006), pp. 5-15.

The author reviews the references to New England coppers and comes to the conclusion that almost all are off-metal counterfeits produced from the seventeenth to the twentieth century imitating the authentic New England silver coinage of the seventeenth century. An additional piece may be a misidentified Dutch coin. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Manville, Harrington E. “Review of Brian J. Danforth's paper on St. Patrick Coinage,” The Colonial Newsletter 127 (April 2005), pp. 22781-2785, illus.

While the author generally accepts Danforth's placement of the Irish St. Patrick coins in a Restoration period context he raises questions about the technology used to produce them and the proper terms for the denominations. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Martin, Syd. “US Colonial Coins in Bermuda National Collections,” The C4 Newsletter 12.3 (Fall 2004), pp. 25-31, illus.

An overview of Bermudan and American colonial coins in the collections of the Bermuda Maritime Museum and the Bermuda Historical Society Museum. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Mayhugh, Marc. “Counterfeit Spanish Milled Dollars,” The C4 Newsletter 13.1 (Spring 2005), pp. 6-15.

A look at the large scale production of counterfeit and silver plated base metal milled dollars in the late eighteenth century. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Mayhugh, Marc. “An Early Die State of V.13-88CT,” The C4 Newsletter 14.1 (Spring 2006), pp. 33-34.

A brief discussion of the die states of V.13-88 in the Connecticut copper series with reference to a new coin that appeared in Ford IX. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Moore, Roger A. “New Virginia Halfpenny Discovered: Newman 15-W,” The Colonial Newsletter 129 (December 2005), pp. 2929-2931, illus.

The author reports the discovery of a new Virginia halfpenny variety combining two known overse and reverse dies. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Moore, Roger A. and Philip L. Mossman. “Die Clashing, Die Caps, and Brockages,” The Colonial Newsletter 130 (April 2006), pp. 2983-2993, illus.

The authors make distinctions between three types of die striking error and illustrate the different types. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Moore, Roger A., Stanley E. Stevens, and Robert A. Vlack. “Update of the Vlack Attribution of St. Patrick Halfpence with Visual Guide,” The Colonial Newsletter 129 (December 2005), pp. 2921-2928, illus.

A reappraisal of Robert Vlack's 1968 die study of the St. Patrick halfpence including very high quality type and die state illustrations. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Moore, Roger A. and Raymond J. Williams. “Maris Plate-I Photograph: Additional Observations,” The Colonial Newsletter 128 (August 2005), pp. 2869-2874, illus.

The authors suggest that the Maris Plate-I photograph was produced by a four step process which involved the use of numerous cut out negatives put together for a larger heliotype negative as well as lengthening ligature lines and colorizing the St. Patrick crowns by hand. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Moore, Roger, Steve Frank, and James C. Spilman. “Unusual Type 1 Brockage in a King George I Farthing,” The C4 Newsletter 14.3 (Fall 2006), pp. 31-34, illus.

The authors present an obverse brockage of a King George I farthing of 1719-1724 with a peculiar raised crescent form at the lower right edge of the reverse. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Mossman, Philip L. “Money of the 14th Colony: Nova Scotia (1711-1783),” The Colonial Newsletter 124 (December 2003), pp. 2533-2593, illus.

An extensive history of Nova Scotia from its inclusion as part of French Acadia to its absorbtion into British North America, with a discussion of the coinages and currencies used there. Special attention is paid to the money of the British period as well as to American colonial currencies issued to support the wars waged to capture the region from the French. Archaeological and metal detectorist coin finds from Nova Scotia are listed and discussed. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Mossman, Philip L. “A Second Errata to Money of the American Colonies and Confederation,” The Colonial Newsletter 130 (April 2006), pp. 2967-2983.

Packard, Mike. “A Machin's Mill 6-76A Overstruck on and Immune Columbia,” The C4 Newsletter 14.2 (Summer 2006), pp. 4-5, illus.

Palins, David. “The "St. Patricks" [sic] Coinage Enigma,” The C4 Newsletter 14.3 (Fall 2006), pp. 29-31.

The author suggests that the so-called "St. Patrick" copper coinage of the seventeenth century was not produced in Ireland and that the two denominations were not struck at the same time. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Piqué, Xavier. “The Coins in Ben Franklin's Pocket,” The Numismatist 118.2 (February 2005), pp. 51-54, illus.

A look at the foreign coins that circulated in the British North American colonies in the time of Benjamin Franklin (Oliver D. Hoover)

Roehrs, Edward. “Loyalist Lewis Fueter,” The Numismatist 118.12 (December 2005), pp. 44-47, illus.

The pieced together story of silver/goldsmiths in the Fueter family of Bern Switzerland as they emigrated to New York and then faced the Revolution. Specific information on several counterstamped gold coins (Portuguese moidores and Johnannes (Joes)) from Museum of the City of New York. The references in this article are valuable, especially to those interested in early Indian Peace Medals (1761-1764) as Fueter's father Daniel was instrumental in creating and casting those pieces. A paper by Ian M. G. Quimby will probably be of interest to Peace Medal researchers. (Thomas Serfass)

Shane, Leo. “An 18th Century American Merchant's Dilemma,” The C4 Newsletter 14.1 (Spring 2006), pp. 14-32, illus.

The author discusses and illustrates English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese coins that are mentioned an an American ready reckoner of the mid eighteenth century. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Shelby, Wayne. “Survey of Colonial Coins Recovered in Southern NJ - Part II,” The C4 Newsletter 13.2 (Summer 2005), pp. 6-44, illus.

An overview of coins, weights, and buttons found by the author while metal detecting in Burlington, Mercer, Middlesex and Ocean counties of New Jersy. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Shelby, Wayne. “Circulation Patterns of Small Denomination Regal Spanish Silver in Southern New Jersey during Colonial, Confederation and Early Federal Times,” The C4 Newsletter 14.3 (Fall 2006), pp. 16-22.

A discussion of metal detectorist finds of Spanish silver fractions from sites in southern New Jersey. The finds range in date from the reign of Philip IV (1621-1665) to that of Ferdinand VII (1808-1833) and are primarily issues of the Mexico City mint, although Bogota, Nueva, Guatemala, and Seville are also represented in small number. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Siboni, Roger. “The Not-So-Hidden Hand of Walter Mould,” The C4 Newsletter 12.4 (Winter 2004), pp. 5-17, illus.

The author presents a Maris 62-q Connecticut copper with the initials WM inscribed under the sprigs. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Siboni, Roger (ed.). “The Amenities of Coin Collectors, Part 1,” The C4 Newsletter 13.3 (Fall 2005), pp. 28-31.

The first instalment of three part series on the etiquette of coin collectors in the nineteenth century. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Siboni, Roger (ed.). “The Amenities of Coin Collectors, Part 1,” The C4 Newsletter 13.4 (Summer 2006), pp. 18-21.

The second instalment of a three part series on the etiquette of coin collectors in the nineteenth century. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Sportack, Mark A. “Sommers Islands Hogge Money: Rediscovery!” The Colonial Newsletter 128 (August 2005), pp. 2875-2889, illus.

The author reviews the documented discoveries of Sommers Islands hogge money in the nineteenth century, suggesting that the majority received fictional discovery stories to enhance their acceptability as authentic among American collectors. Such stories are not associated with the coins in Bermuda because there the coins were recognized as authentic relics of the island's past. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Stevens, Geoffrey. “Jeremiah Dummer: Hull and Sanderson's Apprentice Engraver,” The C4 Newsletter 13.1 (Spring 2005), pp. 16-22, illus.

The biography of Jeremiah Dummer with special attention to his work at the Massachusetts Mint. The article is illustrated by silver plate produced by Dummer. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Williams, Ray. “A St. Patrick Connection?” The C4 Newsletter 13.3 (Fall 2005), pp. 17-20, illus.

The author compares the type of edge reeding found on St. Patrick halfpence and farthings to that on Irish halfpence of Charles II. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Williams, Ray and Syd Martin. “Rarity Scales - Their Meanings,” The C4 Newsletter 14.3 (Fall 2006), pp. 23-27.




United States Federal

Ackermann, Daniel K. “Thomas Jefferson's French Twist: The 1792 Half Disme,” The Numismatist 118.8 (August 2005), pp. 52-52, illus.

The author discusses the influence of the French metric system on the naming and production of the U.S. half disme. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Annaloro, Victor. “De Witt Clinton's Big Ditch,” The Numismatist 118.1 (January 2005), pp. 49-50, illus.

A brief discussion of the digging of the Erie Canal and medals struck to commemorate its conclusion. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Annaloro, Victor. “New York's Crystal Palace,” The Numismatist 118.3 (March 2005), pp. 40-43, illus.

An overview of America's first World's Fair in the Crystal Palace and the medals struck to commemorate the event and the building. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Bendall, Simon. “An early nineteenth century seal of the American Consulate in London,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 237, illus.

Camire, David. “The "Wave" of the Future,” The Numismatist 118.2 (February 2005), pp. 56-58, illus.

The author discusses the coin crusher system used to destroy and invalidate damaged blanks at the United States Mint. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Clark, Cathy L. “The California State Quarter: A Wild Choice,” The Numismatist 118.1 (January 2005), pp. 37-40, illus.

An introduction to the California quarter in the U.S. State Quarters program. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Clark, Cathy L. “The Kansas State Quarter: Range of Memory,” The Numismatist 118.8 (August 2005), pp. 47-49, illus.

An introduction to the design of the Kansas state quarter in the U.S. Mint's State Quarters Program. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Crenshaw, David. “The Renowned Red Book,” The Numismatist 118.6 (June 2005), pp. 44-48, illus.

The history of Yeoman's A Guide Book of United States Coins. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Giglierano, Geoff. “For Valor and Service: The ANS and the Collecting of Orders, Decorations, adn War Medals,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 5.1 (Spring 2006), pp. 46-52, illus.

An overview of the American Numismatic Society's holdings of American and European orders, decorations and medals accompanied by a history of the collection. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Gregory, Barbara J. “Big Bang,” The Numismatist 118.6 (June 2005), pp. 38-41, illus.

An introduction to the design of the Oregon quarter in the U.S. Mint's State Quarter's Program. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Hettger, Henry. “Newcomb's Cent Revealed,” The Numismatist 118.3 (March 2005), pp. 45-46, illus.

A discussion of the N-36 U.S. 1848 large cent, owned but never catalogued by Howard Newcomb and rediscoverd in a 1984 auction.. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Jaeger, Katherine. “Buried in Brooklyn,” The Numismatist 118.2 (February 2005), pp. 38-43, illus.

An overview of nineteenth century New York engravers and die sinkers buried in Brooklyn's Green-Wood Cemetery. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Jozefiak, Richard. “Glaciers, Ice Worms and a Token from "The Last Frontier",” The Numismatist 118.5 (May 2005), pp. 61-62, illus.

The author introduces a brass token of the Portage Glacier Lodge, Alaska in the 1960s. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Julian, R.W. “All about the Dime,” The Numismatist 117.12 (December 2004), pp. 34-40, illus.

A history of the United States dime denomination from the late eighteenth to the twentieth centuries. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Julian, R.W. “All about the Quarter,” The Numismatist 118.12 (December 2005), pp. 35-41, illus.

A history of the early development of United States coining which then focuses on the quarter dollar with the significant and controversial changes in design, production, and other details. There is a nice illustration of quarter pattern coins from Harry W. Bass Jr. Collection, some mention of commemoratives, the 50 State program, and even an illustration of Laura Gardin Fraser's portrait of George Washington, originally intended for the quarter dollar. (Thomas Serfass)

Leffler, Richard H. “One-of-a-Kind Error,” The Numismatist 118.6 (June 2005), pp. 57-58, illus.

The author presents a 1964-D U.S cent overstruck on a 1963-D cent. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Manship, Douglas Jr. “Paul Manship: The Dynamics of Family and Design,” The Numismatist 118.3 (March 2005), pp. 48-52, illus.

A look at the career and works of the American medallist Paul Manship. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Marotta, Michael E. “Proof Double Eagles: Rarity and Perfection,” The Numismatist 118.5 (May 2005), pp. 36-40, illus.

A brief history of Augustus St. Gauden's U.S. $20 gold piece and notable collectors of the series. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Martindale, Nancy E. “Test-Drive these Coins,” The Numismatist 110.7 (July 2005), pp. 42-46, illus.

A review of modern coinage using the automobile as a main feature of the type. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Mercieri, Dennis J. “A Tale of Two Restrikes,” The Numismatist 117.12 (December 2004), pp. 55-57, illus.

The author discusses nineteenth century restrikes of the 1804 and 1823 U.S. large cents. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Oliver, Nancy and Richard Kelly. “The Saga of the 1870-S Silver Dollar,” The Numismatist 118.5 (May 2005), pp. 42-46, illus.

The authors discuss the rare San Francisco Mint 1870 U.S. silver dollar and ultimately suggest that the obverse die may have come from the Philadelphia Mint. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Raitz, Jerry C. “The Minnesota Quarter,” The Numismatist 118.3 (March 2005), pp. 35-37, illus.

An introduction to the Minnesota quarter in the U.S. Mint State Quarters Program. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Reback, Marilyn A. “Rocky's Marne Division,” The Numismatist 118.8 (August 2005), pp. 56-57, illus.

The author discusses medals issued to honor the U.S. Army's 3rd Infantry Division. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Roberts, John. “The Coin Roller Experiment,” The Numismatist 117.12 (December 2004), pp. 60-64, illus.

The author discusses the experimental use of coin rollers to produce U.S. coinage at the Philadelphia mint in the mid 1960s. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Roehrs, Edward. “Loyalist Lewis Fueter,” The Numismatist 118.12 (December 2005), pp. 44-47, illus.

The pieced together story of silver/goldsmiths in the Fueter family of Bern Switzerland as they emigrated to New York and then faced the Revolution. Specific information on several counterstamped gold coins (Portuguese moidores and Johnannes (Joes)) from Museum of the City of New York. The references in this article are valuable, especially to those interested in early Indian Peace Medals (1761-1764) as Fueter's father Daniel was instrumental in creating and casting those pieces. A paper by Ian M. G. Quimby will probably be of interest to Peace Medal researchers. (Thomas Serfass)

Wehner, Michael. “Collecting Video Game Tokens,” The Numismatist 118.2 (February 2005), pp. 46-48, illus.




Canada

Allan, Walter D. “Origin of Bank Note Vignettes XXIV,” The Canadian Paper Money Society Journal 40.124 (2004), pp. 30-32, illus.

The author shows that the "Montreal Harbour" or "Allan Line Wharves" vignette for 1886 and 1897 Canadian $100 notes and 1909 $5 notes derives from an engraving by Frederick Schell in Picturesque Canada (New York, 1882). (Oliver D. Hoover)

Allan, Walter D. “Origin of Bank Note Vignettes XXV,” The Canadian Paper Money Society Journal 40.124 (2004), pp. 32-33, illus.

A discussion of the Sir Edwin Landseer painting that provided the source for the "Industry" or "Cottage Girl" vignette on Canadian and American notes of the late 1830s and 1840s. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Allan, Walter D. “Origin of Bank Note Vignettes XXVI,” The Canadian Paper Money Society Journal 40.124 (2004), pp. 34, illus.

The author traces the buffalo vignette for a 1905 Manitoba $20 bank note to a photograph from a portfolio published in 1894. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Allan, Walter D. “Origin of Bank Note Vignettes XXVII,” The Canadian Paper Money Society Journal 40.124 (2004), pp. 35, illus.

The individuals depicted in the "fishing dory and cod trap" vignette from an 1897 $2 Dominion of Canada note are identified. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Allan, Walter D. “Origin of Bank Note Vignettes XXVIII,” The Canadian Paper Money Society Journal 40.124 (2004), pp. 36-37, illus.

The source for the"Rescue" vignette of 1837 and 1852 Canadian $3 and $5 notes as well as several nineteenth century American notes is traced to an engraving by John Gadsby Chapman. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Allan, Walter D. “Origin of Bank Note Vignettes XXIX,” The Canadian Paper Money Society Journal 40.124 (2004), pp. 38-40, illus.

The source for the "Zella" vignette used for numerous nineteenth century American and Canadian bank notes nineteenth century American notes to an 1849 engraving by H. Corbould and Charles Heath. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Bell, Geoffrey. “La Banque de St. Jean,” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.2 (December 2005), pp. 58-59, illus.

A brief account of the Banque de St. Jean in Quebec and its banknotes from its foundation in 1873 to its closure in 1908. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Buth, Len. “Unlisted Ontario Tokens and Information Update Supplement #35,” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 196-198, illus.

The author corrects information for W.B. Leslie and J. Pitman bakery tokens and introduces a new bakery token for George Pound and a new 10-cent Evening Telegram token. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Clute, Stanley. “Robbie L. Reid,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 49.9 (November 2004), pp. 475-477, illus.

A biography of Judge Robbie L. Reid (1866-1945), a noted numismatist of British Columbia. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Clute, Stanley H. “Robert W. Redford and his Numismatic Collection,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 50.1 (January-February 2005), pp. 24-32, illus.

The biography of the Montreal businessman Robert W. Redford and the catalogue of his extensive collection of Canadian coins, tokens, and medals. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Clute, Stanley H. “Louis XV of France: Jetons of the Ordinaire des Guerres and the Extraordinaire des Guerres,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 50.2 (March 2005), pp. 69-78, illus.

A catalogue and discussion of jetons issued between 1720 and 1758 by the departments responsible for financing the French military machine. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Eisenhauer, Harry M. and R.J. Graham. “Register of Surviving Government of Newfoundland Cash Notes 1901-1909 (Black and White),” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.4 (December 2004), pp. 102-105, illus.

Eisenhauer, Harry M, and R.J. Graham. “Register of Surviving Notes of the Royal Bank of Canada - Selected Issues,” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.2 (June 2005), pp. 38-44, illus.

Eisenhauer, Harry M. “Register of Surviving Notes (Non-Institutional)of the Royal Bank of Canada: 1935 $25 Issue (French Text),” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.2 (June 2005), pp. 52, illus.

Eisenhauer, Harry M. “Register of Surviving Notes of the Royal Bank of Canada - Southern Branches,” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.3 (September 2005), pp. 75-79, illus.

Esler, Graham. “The History of the National Currency Collection,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 49.7 (September 2004), pp. 347-356, illus.

Graham, R.J. “History of Notes and the Federal Bank of Canada,” The Canadian Paper Money Society Journal 40.124 (2004), pp. 4-29, illus.

A detailed history of the Federal Bank of Canada and the paper notes that is issued from 1874 to 1893. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Greene, Ronald. “Lloyd Allen Manly and Grand Forks, B.C.” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 182-188, illus.

The author discusses two German silver 12 1/2 cent trade tokens issued for use at the Owl Saloon and the Yale Hotel in Grand Forks, British Columbia in the early 1900s. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Greene, Ronald. “W.T. Beadles and Co., of Salmo, B.C.” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 189-192, illus.

The author discusses a 10 cent trade token issued by W.T. Beadles and Co. in the early 1900s. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Greene, Ronbald. “A Victoria $5 Note of the Bank of British North America, 1877,” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.2 (June 2005), pp. 48-49, illus.

The author reports a previously unknown $5 note of the Bank of British North America (1877) and gives a biography of its signer, Alick Munro. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Ingram, Greg. “Beaver Bucks,” The Numismatist 118.12 (December 2005), pp. 54-55, illus.

The origin and mintage of the Hudson Bay Company's "Made Beaver" tokens is explained as well as their valuation. The author interestingly finds that directives were issued by the Hudson's Bay Company so that the tokens' value would be consistent in very different areas of Canada. The author conjectures that a supposed cancellation punch was instead a geographical identifier to distinguish tokens originating in different parts of Canada. (Thomas Serfass)

Jacobs, Wayne L. “The Dominion of Canada Coinage of 1870,” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 153-171, illus.

A full discussion of the political background and production of the Dominion of Canada five, ten, twenty-five, and fifty cents of 1870. (Oliver D. Hoover)

James, Harry N. “T.A. Mulligan and E.G. Hacker Stores, Wardsville, Ontario,” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 191-192, illus.

The author discusses and contextualizes 1, 5, and 50 cent merchant tokens used in Wardsville, Ontario in the first and second decades of the twentieth century. (Oliver D. Hoover)

James, Harry N. “James Harding, General Store and Bakery, Thorndale, Ontario,” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 193-194, illus.

The author discusses an aluminum bakery token good for one loaf of bread at Harding's Store in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. (Oliver D. Hoover)

James, Harry N. “St. Thomas (Ontario) Ford Plant Dedication Medallion,” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 195, illus.

The author describes a a medallion dated June 6, 1968, issued to commemorate the opening of the St. Thomas Assembly Plant by Henry Ford II. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Kays, Thomas. “Second Thoughts on a First Rate Coin Hoard: Castine Revisited,” The Colonial Newsletter 128 (August 2005), pp. 2837-2868, illus.

The author reconstructs the discovery of the Castine Hoard in 1840 and suggests that the true circumstances of its burial may have been the aftermath of the disastrous Penobscot expedition of American forces against the British in 1779, rather than in 1703 during Queen Anne's War, as is usually supposed. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Kyle, M.H. “W. Aitken Baker and Confectioner, Wyoming, Ontario,” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 196-198, illus.

The author describes a new bakery token of W. Aitken used in the early decades of the twentieth century. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Kyle, M.H. “Unlisted Ontario Merchant Tokens Supplement,” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 202-203, illus.

New merchant, trade, and bakery tokens from Kent, Simcoe, Middlesex, Lambton, Perth, and Welland Counties. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Leslie, Greg. “Leaves of Gold,” The Numismatist 117.12 (December 2004), pp. 50-52, illus.

A history of maple leaf gold bullion coins produced by the ROyal Canadian Mint. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Mackie, Brent. “Bank of Canada "Journey" Series Changeover Numbers,” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.4 (December 2005), pp. 101.

Marquis, Yvon. “Canadian Circulating Commemorative Coins - Part II,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 50.1 (January-February 2005), pp. 19-23, illus.

The author discusses the 1935 and 1939 Canadian silver dollars. Text in English and French. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Marquis, Yvon. “Canadian Circulating Commemorative Coins - Part II,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 50.2 (March 2005), pp. 65-67, illus.

The author discusses the 1943 Canadian 5-cent piece and the 1949 silver dollar. Text in English and French. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Marquis, Yvon. “Canadian Circulating Commemorative Coins - Part III,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 50.3 (April 2005), pp. 111-114, illus.

The author discusses the 1951 Canadian nickel 5-cent piece and the 1958 silver dollar. Text in English and French. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Mossman, Philip L. “Money of the 14th Colony: Nova Scotia (1711-1783),” The Colonial Newsletter 124 (December 2003), pp. 2533-2593, illus.

An extensive history of Nova Scotia from its inclusion as part of French Acadia to its absorbtion into British North America, with a discussion of the coinages and currencies used there. Special attention is paid to the money of the British period as well as to American colonial currencies issued to support the wars waged to capture the region from the French. Archaeological and metal detectorist coin finds from Nova Scotia are listed and discussed. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Reback, Marilyn A. “Victoria's Day,” The Numismatist 118.5 (May 2005), pp. 49-51, illus.

An overview of coins and medals honoring Queen Victoria struck in the Dominion of Canada. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Roebuck, John. “Twisted Twos: Physical Evidence for Simulated Rotation,” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.2 (June 2005), pp. 36-37, illus.

A discussion of possible electrical and mechanical processes to account for the printing of "twisted twos" in the serial numbers on Canadian paper money. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Ryan, Christopher. “Canada's Excise Tax on Cheques and other Types of Commercial Paper: 1915-1953. Part 1: What is Commercial Paper?” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.2 (June 2005), pp. 60-62, illus.

Ryan, Christopher. “Canada's Excise Tax on Cheques and other Types of Commercial Paper: 1915-1953. Part 2: The Excise Stamp Act,” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.3 (September 2005), pp. 68-71, illus.

Ryan, Christopher. “Canada's Excise Tax on Cheques and other Types of Commercial Paper: 1915-1953. Part 3: Special Exemptions from the Excise Tax,” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.4 (December 2006), pp. 106-108, illus.

Steinman, I. Leland. “Albert Kuner, Engraver,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 49.9 (November 2004), pp. 470-474, illus.

A biography of Albert Kuner and a review of the dies for Canadian and American medals and gold coins that he engraved. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Sucha, Don. “A Curious Discovery: The Use of Straits Settlements Coins in Calgary in 1906,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 50.3 (April 2005), pp. 107-110, illus.

The author discusses the peculiar phenomenon of the use of Straits Settlements (Malaysia) coins in Calgary in the early twentieth century and the importance of these foreign coins in the local economy. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Sutherland, Angus. “Communion Tokens of Montréal,” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 172-181, illus.

An annotated catalogue of 18 communion tokens used by Presbyterian churches in nineteenth century Montreal. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Yamada, Patrick. “Making a Buck at the Royal Canadian Mint,” The Numismatist 118.6 (June 2005), pp. 51-55, illus.

An overview of coin production and products of the Royal Canadian Mint. (Oliver D. Hoover)




Medals

Ackermann, S. “and memory: calendar medals in the British Museum part 1.” The Medal 45 (Autumn 2004), pp. 3-43, illus.

Adams, S. “Phoenix medals and medallions,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.10 (March 2004), pp. 407-416, illus.

Alekseev, A. “The "Greek Project" of the Empress Catherine the Great and Russian Medal Art,” Νομισματικα Ξρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 97-101, illus.

The author discusses a medal produced in 1779 that presents Constantin, the grandson of Catherine the Great, as a new Byzantine Emperor who would rule over Greece after Russian armies had expelled the Ottoman Turks. Text in English and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Alteri, Giancarlo. “Il Giubileo di Sisto IV attraverso alcune testimonianze numismatiche dirette e indirette,” in Benzo, Fabio (ed.), Sisto IV. Le Arti a Roma nel Primo Rinascimento. Atti del Convegno Internazionale. Roma (2000), pp. 151-154, illus.

Vengono presentate alcune monete e medaglie di Sisto IV nelle quali si rintracciano riferimenti diretti o indiretti al Giubileo del 1475. Fra le altre, si ricorda un pezzo d'oro di 10 fiorini di Camera, un doppio grosso in argento e una medaglia con la raffigurazione sul R/ del Ponte Sisto, inaugurato proprio nel gennaio di quell'anno giubilare per accogliere i pellegrini giunti a Roma e per permettere loro di raggiungere la riva destra del Tevere. (A. Carignani)

Andison, A. “Obstetric calendars,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.10 (March 2004), pp. 423-425, illus.

Annaloro, Victor. “De Witt Clinton's Big Ditch,” The Numismatist 118.1 (January 2005), pp. 49-50, illus.

A brief discussion of the digging of the Erie Canal and medals struck to commemorate its conclusion. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Annaloro, Victor. “New York's Crystal Palace,” The Numismatist 118.3 (March 2005), pp. 40-43, illus.

An overview of America's first World's Fair in the Crystal Palace and the medals struck to commemorate the event and the building. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Attwood, P. “Promoting the medal in France 1889-1939,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 36-59, illus.

Bourne, M.L. “In which the Worshipful Company of Founders commissions a medal from Linda Crook,” The Medal 45 (Autumn 2004), pp. 74-77, illus.

Bryce, J. “A medal by Hedlinger in Hans Sloane's collection,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 30-31, illus.

Using written evidence, an unsigned silver medal of Empress Anna of Russia in the Slaone collection is shown to be by Hedlinger in 1736. (J. Bryce)

Charpentier-Darcy, M. “'L'esprit et la main': les monnaies de verre d'Henri Navarre,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 60-71, illus.

The work of the French medallist and artist Henri Navarre (1885-1971). (Martin Allen)

Clute, Stanley H. “Robert W. Redford and his Numismatic Collection,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 50.1 (January-February 2005), pp. 24-32, illus.

The biography of the Montreal businessman Robert W. Redford and the catalogue of his extensive collection of Canadian coins, tokens, and medals. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Cortenovis, Angelo Maria. “Delle medaglie carnico-illiriche,” in Moreno, Mariella (ed.), Delle medaglie carnio illiriche del P. Angelo Maria Cortenovis. Venezia (2003), pp. 87-122, illus.

Edizione del manoscritto autografo del Cortenovis dedicato alle medaglie carnico-illiriche. (A. Carignani)

Eimer, C. “A Short Note on the Pingos,” The Medal 45 (Autumn 2004), pp. 60-62, illus.

Eighteenth-century papers, materials, and medals relating to the Pingo family of engravers in a descendant's possession have come to light and are now published. (C. Eimer)

Green, N.R. “Bogomil Nikolov's Medallic Sculpture Studio,” The Medal 45 (Autumn 2004), pp. 68-73, illus.

The author discusses her journey into the world of the art medal, and the Medallic Sculpture Studio at the Sofia National Academy of Arts. (N.R. Green)

Hartman, Don. “King George I Indian Peace Medal found in New Jersey,” The C4 Newsletter 14.2 (Summer 2006), pp. 18-25, illus.

The author chronicles and illustrates the 2003 metal detectorist find of a King George I Indian peace medal as well as other coins and buttons in the same area. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Jaeger, Katherine. “Buried in Brooklyn,” The Numismatist 118.2 (February 2005), pp. 38-43, illus.

An overview of nineteenth century New York engravers and die sinkers buried in Brooklyn's Green-Wood Cemetery. (Oliver D. Hoover)

James, Harry N. “St. Thomas (Ontario) Ford Plant Dedication Medallion,” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 195, illus.

The author describes a a medallion dated June 6, 1968, issued to commemorate the opening of the St. Thomas Assembly Plant by Henry Ford II. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Klebs, Jürgen. “Daphne und Apoll in Bronze vereint. Ein Berliner Medaillon interpretiert Daphne und Apoll, Verfolgte und Verfolger, als männlichen und weiblichen Gegenspieler,” Antike Welt 38.2 (2007), pp. 36-37, illus.

Presentation and interpretation of a cast medal (one of 100 copies) inscribed ?Daphne und Apoll? by Wieland Förster, a Berlin artist born 1930 at Dresden. On the one-sided medal (2003) the torsos of both nymph and god are depicted. (Hans R. Baldus)

Klein, Ulrich. “Von Paradies zu Paradies: Theriak und Theriak-Kapseln,” Schweizer Münzblätter 218 (June 2005), pp. 35-42, illus.

The author discusses a group of medals and stamped lead bottle caps of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries related to the cure-all known as theriac. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Klein, Ulrich. “Schillermedaillen und Schillermünzen von Dannecker bis Theumer,” Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt 54.5 (2005), pp. 181-193, illus.

A discussion of the German poet Friedrich (von) Schiller († 1805) as depicted on medals and coins, 1796-2005 (Germany, Cook Islands, Liberia, Togo). (Hans R. Baldus)

Kovásznai, V. “The exquisite medals of Edit Rácz,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 80-86, illus.

Edit Rácz's medals tell stories about multi-coloured aspects of nature and the human soul. Their approach is mostly surrealistic, balancing the naturalistic and the non-representational, moving in formal expression towards a more abstract dimension. (V. Kovásznai)

Lobato de Faria, A. “João Duarte: a pioneer of the object/medal in Portugal,” The Medal 45 (Autumn 2004), pp. 63-67, illus.

As Director of the Contemporary Art Movement Gallery (Movimento Arte Contemporãnea - MAC) in Lisbon I staged an exhibition of João Duarte's entire medallic work. His innovative work has included ninety medals in the last nineteen years together with his teaching. (A. Lobato de Faria)

Manship, Douglas Jr. “Paul Manship: The Dynamics of Family and Design,” The Numismatist 118.3 (March 2005), pp. 48-52, illus.

A look at the career and works of the American medallist Paul Manship. (Oliver D. Hoover)

McKeown, S. “Literary tradditions and the medal: Sebastian Dadler and the emblem genre,” The Medal 45 (Autumn 2004), pp. 44-59, illus.

This article explores the iconography of a group of medals produced in the mid 17th century by Sebastian Dadler, identifying his indebtedness to printed sources, in particular emblem books by such writers as Rollenhagen, Cramer, Ripa and Alciato. The author analyses the iconographic slippage that occurs in the process of transferring images from the printed page to the numismatic field. (S. McKeown)

Nieuwendam, A. “Ianchelevici: the medallic legacy,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 72-79, illus.

The sculptor Idel Ianchelevici (1909-1994) created seventeen medals and many sculptures of famous persons in France and Belgium. There are three museums dedicated to his work, in France, Belgium and the Netherlands. (A. Nieuwendam)

Pickup, D. “'While the bright coins in silver showers descend': British coronation medals of the 17th-19th centuries,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 26-29, illus.

A look at how medals were distributed during the coronation ceremony as symbols of the sovereign's generosity, including reports from the coronations of Charles II to Queen Victoria. (D. Pickup)

Prister, Boris. “Dvije školske medalje carice Marije Terezije / Two school medals of Empress Maria Theresa,” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 193-197, illus.

Raýman, János. “Nagrada Nikola Zrinski / The Nikola Zrinski Award,” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 198-201, illus.

Reback, Marilyn A. “Victoria's Day,” The Numismatist 118.5 (May 2005), pp. 49-51, illus.

An overview of coins and medals honoring Queen Victoria struck in the Dominion of Canada. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Reback, Marilyn A. “Rocky's Marne Division,” The Numismatist 118.8 (August 2005), pp. 56-57, illus.

The author discusses medals issued to honor the U.S. Army's 3rd Infantry Division. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Roehrs, Edward. “Loyalist Lewis Fueter,” The Numismatist 118.12 (December 2005), pp. 44-47, illus.

The pieced together story of silver/goldsmiths in the Fueter family of Bern Switzerland as they emigrated to New York and then faced the Revolution. Specific information on several counterstamped gold coins (Portuguese moidores and Johnannes (Joes)) from Museum of the City of New York. The references in this article are valuable, especially to those interested in early Indian Peace Medals (1761-1764) as Fueter's father Daniel was instrumental in creating and casting those pieces. A paper by Ian M. G. Quimby will probably be of interest to Peace Medal researchers. (Thomas Serfass)

Sanders, G.P. “The awards of the United Provinces,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 5-12, illus.

The history and function of medals issued by the Dutch Republic between 1568 and 1648. (Martin Allen)

Sharp, M. “Proposed Union with Scotland, 1604,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 186-187, illus.

Copper medals related to the James I's proposed union of England and Scotland. (Martin Allen)

Stahl, Alan M. “Devoted to Dogs,” The Numismatist 118.8 (August 2005), pp. 34-37, illus.

A review of Cornelius Vermeule's collection of medals depicting dogs. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Trogan, R. “Une medaille de Duvivier et la pompe a feu du Gros-Caillou,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 32-35, illus.

Two Parisian fire brigade medals of 1786. (Martin Allen)

Veillon, M. “Medailles des rois de France au seizieme siecle: representation et imaginaire,” The Medal 44 (Spring 2004), pp. 13-25, illus.

French royal medals from c.1540 to 1610. (Martin Allen)

van Alfen, Peter. “Monuments, Medals and Metropolis, Part III: The Machine Age,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.3 (Winter 2004), pp. 18-25, illus.

An overview of New York City monuments and related medals of the 1920s and 1930s. (Oliver D. Hoover)

van Alfen, Peter. “The Meaning of a Memory: The Case of Edith Cavell and the Lusitania in Post-World War I Belgium,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 5.1 (Spring 2006), pp. 18-30, illus.

The author discusses the political context of medals and other artworks commemorating the slaying of Edith Cavell and the sinking of the Lusitania during and in the immediate aftermath of World War I. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Wartenberg Kagan, Ute. “ANS Move as Herculean Labor,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.3 (Winter 2004), pp. 17, illus.

The unveiling of the Donald G. Partrick commemorative medal to honor the ANS President for his work to move the Society to its new location. (Oliver D. Hoover)




Decorations

Beštak, Branko. “Odlikovanja Miroslava i Bele Krleže / The decorations of Miroslav and Bela Krleža,” Numizmatičke Vijesti 44 (2002), pp. 170-192, illus.

Giglierano, Geoff. “For Valor and Service: The ANS and the Collecting of Orders, Decorations, adn War Medals,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 5.1 (Spring 2006), pp. 46-52, illus.

An overview of the American Numismatic Society's holdings of American and European orders, decorations and medals accompanied by a history of the collection. (Oliver D. Hoover)




Tokens

Andison, A. “A stroll around South Bridge,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.12 (September 2004), pp. 484-506, illus.

Tokens of South Bridge in Edinburgh. (Martin Allen)

Baldassarri, Monica. “Le tessere mercantili,” in Tangheroni, Marco (ed.), Pisa e il Mediterraneo. Uomini, merci, idee dagli Etruschi ai Medici,. Pisa/Milano (2003), pp. 432-434, illus.

Esposte nella mostra dedicata alla storia e all'economia della città di Pisa ottotessere mercantili databili fra XIII e XIV secolo. Si tratta di dischi in lega di rame con raffigurazioni di simboli araldici di corporazioni commerciali che venivano utilizzati, secondo una recente ipotesi, come contrassegni o "lettere di presentazione metallica" per mezzo delle quali gli agenti potevano ritirare le merci e svolgere affari anche su mercati lontani. (A. Carignani)

Baldassarri, Monica. "Stemmi, animali e altre bizzarrie". Tessere mercantili e gettoni di Moisè Supino. Museo Nazionale di San Matteo, Pisa (2003). 92, illus.

Nel catalogo vengono presentati i 50 esemplari (tessere mercantili, delle Arti, doganali e di beneficenza, gettoni di conto e da gioco) provenienti dalla collezione di Moisè Supino (1812-1878), donata nel 1893 al Comune di Pisa e ora esposta al Museo Nazionale di San Matteo. Le tessere, raccolte da Supino sulle rive dell'Arno, furono battute per conto di società mercantili fiorentine, senesi e pisane fra il XIII e il XV secolo. Quelle di beneficenza sono invece databili al XVI-XVIII, mentre i gettoni fra XII e XVI secolo. (A. Carignani)

Benassi, Francesco, Nicoletta Giordani, and Carlo Poggi. “Una tessera numerale con scena erotica da un contesto funerario di Mutina,” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 32 (2003), pp. 249-273, illus.

Edizione di 4 monete di età giulio-claudia e di una spintria, tessera monetale con scena erotica, rinvenute in un corredo tombale di una necropoli sita sulla via Aemilia, ad est di Mutina (Modena). (A. Carignani)

Brown, I. David. “The Counterpane and the Calculator,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 49.9 (November 2004), pp. 464-469, illus.

Some thoughts on accounting and dating using Roman numerals. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Buth, Len. “Unlisted Ontario Tokens and Information Update Supplement #35,” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 196-198, illus.

The author corrects information for W.B. Leslie and J. Pitman bakery tokens and introduces a new bakery token for George Pound and a new 10-cent Evening Telegram token. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Clute, Stanley H. “Robert W. Redford and his Numismatic Collection,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 50.1 (January-February 2005), pp. 24-32, illus.

The biography of the Montreal businessman Robert W. Redford and the catalogue of his extensive collection of Canadian coins, tokens, and medals. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Clute, Stanley H. “Louis XV of France: Jetons of the Ordinaire des Guerres and the Extraordinaire des Guerres,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 50.2 (March 2005), pp. 69-78, illus.

A catalogue and discussion of jetons issued between 1720 and 1758 by the departments responsible for financing the French military machine. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Cope, A. “Canaries and the big bang!!” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.12 (September 2004), pp. 507-511, illus.

Tokens of the First World War ordnance factory at Chilwell, Nottinghamshire. (Martin Allen)

Danson, E. “A seventeenth century token of Derby? ,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.9 (December 2003), pp. 381-382, illus.

A halfpenny token of 'Valentine in Derby', 1669. (Martin Allen)

Du Quesne Bird, N. “English communion tokens of the 16th and 17th centuries,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 380, illus.

Dykes, D.W. “The 'Dunkirk' halfpenny,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 190-197, illus.

A discussion of the 1795 halfpenny token issued by the Dunkirk Factory in Somerset. (Martin Allen)

Dykes, D.W. “Some reflections on provincial coinage 1787-1797,” British Numismatic Journal 74 (2004), pp. 160-174, illus.

A discussion of eighteenth-century tokens in Britain. (Martin Allen)

Eden, M. “Yew Tree Inn and Pedestrian Grounds, Wall Heath,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.10 (March 2004), pp. 419-420, illus.

A public house token. (Martin Allen)

Greene, Ronald. “Lloyd Allen Manly and Grand Forks, B.C.” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 182-188, illus.

The author discusses two German silver 12 1/2 cent trade tokens issued for use at the Owl Saloon and the Yale Hotel in Grand Forks, British Columbia in the early 1900s. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Greene, Ronald. “W.T. Beadles and Co., of Salmo, B.C.” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 189-192, illus.

The author discusses a 10 cent trade token issued by W.T. Beadles and Co. in the early 1900s. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Hayes, R. “Time, pay and tool checks (Part 8),” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.9 (December 2003), pp. 387-391, illus.

Henderson, A. “A riddle of Rye,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.10 (March 2004), pp. 421-422, illus.

The farthing token of William Keye, 1652. (Martin Allen)

Ingram, Greg. “Beaver Bucks,” The Numismatist 118.12 (December 2005), pp. 54-55, illus.

The origin and mintage of the Hudson Bay Company's "Made Beaver" tokens is explained as well as their valuation. The author interestingly finds that directives were issued by the Hudson's Bay Company so that the tokens' value would be consistent in very different areas of Canada. The author conjectures that a supposed cancellation punch was instead a geographical identifier to distinguish tokens originating in different parts of Canada. (Thomas Serfass)

James, Harry N. “T.A. Mulligan and E.G. Hacker Stores, Wardsville, Ontario,” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 191-192, illus.

The author discusses and contextualizes 1, 5, and 50 cent merchant tokens used in Wardsville, Ontario in the first and second decades of the twentieth century. (Oliver D. Hoover)

James, Harry N. “James Harding, General Store and Bakery, Thorndale, Ontario,” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 193-194, illus.

The author discusses an aluminum bakery token good for one loaf of bread at Harding's Store in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Jozefiak, Richard. “Glaciers, Ice Worms and a Token from "The Last Frontier",” The Numismatist 118.5 (May 2005), pp. 61-62, illus.

The author introduces a brass token of the Portage Glacier Lodge, Alaska in the 1960s. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Kyle, M.H. “W. Aitken Baker and Confectioner, Wyoming, Ontario,” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 196-198, illus.

The author describes a new bakery token of W. Aitken used in the early decades of the twentieth century. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Kyle, M.H. “Unlisted Ontario Merchant Tokens Supplement,” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 202-203, illus.

New merchant, trade, and bakery tokens from Kent, Simcoe, Middlesex, Lambton, Perth, and Welland Counties. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Macmillan, A.T. “Scottish school tokens, second supplement - dinner tickets,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.10 (March 2004), pp. 405-406, illus.

Oddie, G. “A coin of Lady Jane Grey,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.9 (December 2003), pp. 362-363, illus.

A prop made for the Paramount film Lady Jane in 1986. (Martin Allen)

Oddie, G. “A 17th century token forgers mould?” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.9 (December 2003), pp. 384-385, illus.

Paul, R. “An unrecorded 17th century traders token,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.11 (June 2004), pp. 463, illus.

A farthing token of William Merrill, Leadenhall Street, London. (Martin Allen)

Powell, D. “British lead tokens,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.12 (September 2004), pp. 512-523.

Scotney, T. “Tokens of the Spectacle Makers,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 8.1 (December 2004), pp. 25-32, illus.

Some seventeenth-century tokens. (Martin Allen)

Sutherland, Angus. “Communion Tokens of Montréal,” Numismatica Canada 4.4 (December 2005), pp. 172-181, illus.

An annotated catalogue of 18 communion tokens used by Presbyterian churches in nineteenth century Montreal. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Thompson, R. “The Bear in Bridgetown: further details,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 8.1 (December 2004), pp. 24, illus.

A 17th-century token reattributed from Bridgetown, Devon to Bridgetown, Warwickshire. (Martin Allen)

Thompson, R. “Sheffield and Eccleshall Co-op tokens: the final phases,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.10 (March 2004), pp. 426-427, illus.

Waddell, P. “German prisoner of war beer token?” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.10 (March 2004), pp. 417-419, illus.

Waddell, P. “The Morley mint,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 8.1 (December 2004), pp. 5-21, illus.

Manufacturers of coins and tokens in Morley, Yorkshire. (Martin Allen)

Waddell, P. “Northamptonshire traders tokens,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.10 (March 2004), pp. 428-431, illus.

Manufacturers of coins and tokens in Morley, Yorkshire. (Martin Allen)

Wager, A. “How were seventeenth century tokens marketed to village communities? Some documentary references to the tokens of Middle Tysoe, Warwickshire,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.11 (June 2004), pp. 457-460, illus.

Wager, A. “An unlisted imitation Spade Guinea by Henry Laugher?” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.9 (December 2003), pp. 382-383, illus.

Webb, D. “A North Shields draper,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.11 (June 2004), pp. 461-462, illus.

Tokens of Howard Stores, North Shields. (Martin Allen)

Webb, D. “A North Shields success story,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 8.1 (December 2004), pp. 33-34, illus.

The story of Bell Brothers, a retail business in the north east of England issuing tokens. (Martin Allen)

Wehner, Michael. “Collecting Video Game Tokens,” The Numismatist 118.2 (February 2005), pp. 46-48, illus.

Winsborough, T. “A reworked George III halfpenny,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.9 (December 2004), pp. 386, illus.

Young, D. “Bath Theatre,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.11 (June 2004), pp. 444-456, illus.

A discussion of nineteenth-century theatre tokens. (Martin Allen)




Scientific Analysis

Butcher, Kevin and Matthew Ponting. “The Egyptian Billon Tetradrachm under the Julio-Claudian Emperors - Fiduciary or Intrinsic?” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 93-124.

Scientific analysis of 26 billon tetradrachms of Alexandria clearly shows a direct relationship between the silver content of these issues and contemporary silver issues of Antioch, Tyre and Rome. (Oliver D. Hoover)




Paper Money

Allan, Walter D. “Origin of Bank Note Vignettes XXIV,” The Canadian Paper Money Society Journal 40.124 (2004), pp. 30-32, illus.

The author shows that the "Montreal Harbour" or "Allan Line Wharves" vignette for 1886 and 1897 Canadian $100 notes and 1909 $5 notes derives from an engraving by Frederick Schell in Picturesque Canada (New York, 1882). (Oliver D. Hoover)

Allan, Walter D. “Origin of Bank Note Vignettes XXV,” The Canadian Paper Money Society Journal 40.124 (2004), pp. 32-33, illus.

A discussion of the Sir Edwin Landseer painting that provided the source for the "Industry" or "Cottage Girl" vignette on Canadian and American notes of the late 1830s and 1840s. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Allan, Walter D. “Origin of Bank Note Vignettes XXVI,” The Canadian Paper Money Society Journal 40.124 (2004), pp. 34, illus.

The author traces the buffalo vignette for a 1905 Manitoba $20 bank note to a photograph from a portfolio published in 1894. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Allan, Walter D. “Origin of Bank Note Vignettes XXVII,” The Canadian Paper Money Society Journal 40.124 (2004), pp. 35, illus.

The individuals depicted in the "fishing dory and cod trap" vignette from an 1897 $2 Dominion of Canada note are identified. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Allan, Walter D. “Origin of Bank Note Vignettes XXVIII,” The Canadian Paper Money Society Journal 40.124 (2004), pp. 36-37, illus.

The source for the"Rescue" vignette of 1837 and 1852 Canadian $3 and $5 notes as well as several nineteenth century American notes is traced to an engraving by John Gadsby Chapman. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Allan, Walter D. “Origin of Bank Note Vignettes XXIX,” The Canadian Paper Money Society Journal 40.124 (2004), pp. 38-40, illus.

The source for the "Zella" vignette used for numerous nineteenth century American and Canadian bank notes nineteenth century American notes to an 1849 engraving by H. Corbould and Charles Heath. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Anonymous. “Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn. Bericht des Direktors für das Jahr 2002,” Bonner Jahrbuch 204 (2004), pp. 359-368, illus.

p. 362, "Münzen": The coin cabinet acquired a double shilling of Wilhelm von Gennep (Cologne), struck at Bonn in 1356; 3,86g, Noss 102a.p. 367, "Münzen": Two Ancient Celtic coins entered the coin cabinet: Ambiani, stater 1st century B.C., 6.13g, Scheers 24, found at Zülpich; Southern Germany, stater (?Regenbogenschüsselchen?) 1st century B.C., 7,58g, de la Tour 9430/Streber 53, found at Zülpich. Also: 102 German banknotes, 1922-23. (Hans R. Baldus)

Bell, Geoffrey. “La Banque de St. Jean,” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.2 (December 2005), pp. 58-59, illus.

A brief account of the Banque de St. Jean in Quebec and its banknotes from its foundation in 1873 to its closure in 1908. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Eisenhauer, Harry M. and R.J. Graham. “Register of Surviving Government of Newfoundland Cash Notes 1901-1909 (Black and White),” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.4 (December 2004), pp. 102-105, illus.

Eisenhauer, Harry M, and R.J. Graham. “Register of Surviving Notes of the Royal Bank of Canada - Selected Issues,” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.2 (June 2005), pp. 38-44, illus.

Eisenhauer, Harry M. “Register of Surviving Notes (Non-Institutional)of the Royal Bank of Canada: 1935 $25 Issue (French Text),” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.2 (June 2005), pp. 52, illus.

Eisenhauer, Harry M. “Register of Surviving Notes of the Royal Bank of Canada - Southern Branches,” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.3 (September 2005), pp. 75-79, illus.

Fulghum, R. Neil. “Hugh Walker and North Carolina's "Smallpox Currency" of 1779,” The Colonial Newsletter 129 (December 2005), pp. 2895-2920, illus.

An overview of the career of Hugh Walker and the effects of the smallpox epidemic on the production of currency in Revolutionary North Carolina. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Gladfelter, David D. “Isaac Collins' Puzzle,” The C4 Newsletter 13.2 (Summer 2005), pp. 44-47, 50-52, illus.

An organizational puzzle is presented to illustrate the difficulties that faced Isaac Collins in economically producing the 25th issue of New Jersy bills of credit. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Graham, R.J. “History of Notes and the Federal Bank of Canada,” The Canadian Paper Money Society Journal 40.124 (2004), pp. 4-29, illus.

A detailed history of the Federal Bank of Canada and the paper notes that is issued from 1874 to 1893. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Greene, Ronbald. “A Victoria $5 Note of the Bank of British North America, 1877,” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.2 (June 2005), pp. 48-49, illus.

The author reports a previously unknown $5 note of the Bank of British North America (1877) and gives a biography of its signer, Alick Munro. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Lam, O. Chun-Cheung. “The 1819 Canton Bank note and Parsee bankers in China,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 209-218.

It has been generally believed that the first foreign bank to be established in China was the Oriental Bank in 1845. This is now challenged by the Canton Bank note dated 1819 which is published in this article. The note is examined in detail arguing that it is an authentic note issued by Parsee bankers in Canton. Parsee bankers are shown to be the forerunners of the Anglo-Indian banks established in China in the 1840s. This provides a new insight into the evolution of foreign banking in China. (O. Chun-Cheung Lam)

Mackie, Brent. “Bank of Canada "Journey" Series Changeover Numbers,” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.4 (December 2005), pp. 101.

Roebuck, John. “Twisted Twos: Physical Evidence for Simulated Rotation,” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.2 (June 2005), pp. 36-37, illus.

A discussion of possible electrical and mechanical processes to account for the printing of "twisted twos" in the serial numbers on Canadian paper money. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Ryan, Christopher. “Canada's Excise Tax on Cheques and other Types of Commercial Paper: 1915-1953. Part 1: What is Commercial Paper?” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.2 (June 2005), pp. 60-62, illus.

Ryan, Christopher. “Canada's Excise Tax on Cheques and other Types of Commercial Paper: 1915-1953. Part 2: The Excise Stamp Act,” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.3 (September 2005), pp. 68-71, illus.

Ryan, Christopher. “Canada's Excise Tax on Cheques and other Types of Commercial Paper: 1915-1953. Part 3: Special Exemptions from the Excise Tax,” Canadian Paper Money Newsletter 13.4 (December 2006), pp. 106-108, illus.




Obituary

Anonymous. “Meshorer, Ya'akov,” Israel Museum Studies in Archaeology 3 (2004), pp. 2-4, illus.

Anonymous. “Philip Grierson, 1911-2006,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 5.1 (Spring 2006), pp. 60.

Heath, Sebastian. “Grant, Michael (1914-2004),” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.3 (Winter 2004), pp. 31.

Hoge, Robert Wilson. “George Arthur Fisher, Jr., 1926-2005 and William Frederick Spengler, 1923-2005,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 5.1 (Spring 2006), pp. 73-74.

La Rocca, Robert. “James Charles Risk, 1913-2005,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 5.1 (Spring 2006), pp. 53, illus.

Rebenich, St. “Chantraine, Heinrich (1929-2002),” Gnomon 77.3 (2005), pp. 283-287.

Rezak, Ira. “Mark M. Salton 1914-2006,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 5.1 (Spring 2006), pp. 44-45,illus.

Wartenberg, Ute. “Balmuth, Miriam,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.2 (Summer 2004), pp. 45, illus.




Review

Auberson, Anne-Francine. “Geneviève, Vincent. Monnaies et circulation monétaire à Toulouse sous l'Empire romain (Ier-Ve siècle). Toulouse: Musée Saint-Raymond, 2002,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 223-224.

Butcher, Kevin. “Ziegler, R. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum Deutschland, Pfälzer Privatsammlungen, 6. Band: Isauria und Kilikien, Nr. 1-1486. München: Hirmer Verlag, 2001,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 223-224.

Butcher, Marguerite Spoerri. “Nollé, J. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum Deutschland, Pfälzer Privatsammlungen, 5. Band: Pisidien und Lykaonien, Nr. 1-586. München: Hirmer Verlag, 1999,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 221-222.

Derschka, Harald. “Tabernero, José Diaz. Ein Hortfund der Zeit um 1843 aus Sursee (LU), Inventar der Fundmünzen der Schweiz 7, Bern: Schweizerische Akademie der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften, Inventar der Fundmünzen der Schweiz, 2003.” Schweizer Münzblätter 218 (June 2005), pp. 57.

Draganov, Dimitar. “Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum. Vol. XI: The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. London, 2000.” Numismatica Bulgarica 2.1 (2004), pp. 81-83.

Fischer-Bossert, Wolfgang. “Bloesch, Hansjörg. Griechische Münzen in Winterthur II. Münzkabinett Winterthur, 1997. 2 Bände.” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 82 (2003), pp. 129-131.

Fischer-Bossert, Wolfgang. “Meadows A. and K. Shipton, eds. Money and Its Uses in the Ancient Greek World. Oxford, 2002.” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 82 (2003), pp. 137-146.

Fischer-Bossert, Wolfgang. “Parente, Anna Rita. SNG France 6.1: Département des monnaies, médailles et antiques. Italie, Étrurie-Calabre. Paris/Zürich: Bibliothèque Nationale de France/Numismatica Ars Classica, 2003,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 219-220.

Fischer-Bossert, Wolfgang. “Ostermann, Siegfried. Die Münzen der Hasmonäer. Ein kritischer Bericht zur Systematik und Chronologie. Novum Testamentum et Orbis Antiquus 55. Fribourg:Academic Press/Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 2005.” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 5.1 (Spring 2006), pp. 82-83.

Hoover, Oliver D. “Holt, Frank L. Alexander the Great and the Mystery of the Elephant Medallions. Berkeley, 2003.” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.2 (Summer 2004), pp. 58-61, illus.

Hoover, Oliver D. “O'Reilly, Dennis. Misstruck Roman Empire Bronze Coins. San Mateo, 2003.” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.2 (Summer 2004), pp. 61-63, illus.

Hoover, Oliver D. and Martin Huth. “Munro-Hay, Stuart. Coinage of Arabia Felix. The Pre-Islamic Coinage of the Yemen. Milano, 2003.” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.2 (Summer 2004), pp. 63-67, illus.

Hoover, Oliver D. “Babelon, E. Ancient Numismatics and its History Including a Critical Review of the Literature. Elizabeth Saville, trans. Crestline/London, 2004.” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.3 (Winter 2004), pp. 58-60, illus.

Hoover, Oliver D. “Staal, Mark A. The Three Graces and their Numismatic Mythology. Santa Clara, 2004.” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.3 (Winter 2004), pp. 60-62, illus.

Hoover, Oliver D. “Vlack, Robert A. An Illustrated Catalogue of the French Billon Coinage in the Americas, 2004.” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.3 (Winter 2004), pp. 62-64, illus.

Hoover, Oliver D. “Craig, Alan K., Spanish Coins in the Florida Collection. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000.” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 5.1 (Spring 2006), pp. 75-78.

Hoover, Oliver D. “Elayi, J. and A.G. Elayi. Le monnayage de la cité phénicienne de Sidon à l'époque perse (Ve-IVe s. av. J.-C.). Suppl. 11 à Transeuphratène. Paris: Gabalda, 2004.” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 5.1 (Spring 2006), pp. 78-82.

Hurter, Silvia. “Oeconomides, Mando. (ed.). SNG Grèce 3, Collection de Antoine Christomanos, Première partie: Italie-Eubée. Athen: Académie d'Athènes, 2004,” Schweizer Münzblätter 218 (June 2005), pp. 58.

Ish, Buell. “Walton, Gary M. The Economic Rise of Early America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.” The C4 Newsletter 12.4 (Winter 2004), pp. 33-38.

Lorber, Catharine C. “Laava, S. Die Münzprägung von Parsalus. Saarbrücken 2001.” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 82 (2003), pp. 147-157.

Lorber, Catharine C. “Noeske, Hans-Christoph. Münzfunde aus Ägypten I: Die Münzfunde des ägyptischen Pilgerzentrums Abu Mina und die Vergleichsfunde aus den Diocesen Aegyptus und Oriens vom 4.-8. Jh. n. Chr. Berlin, 2000.” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 82 (2003), pp. 158-164.

Nick, Michael. “Delestrée, Louis-Pol and Marcel Tache. Nouvel Atlas des Monnaies Gauloises. I. De la Seine au Rhin. Saint-Germain-en-Laye, 2002.” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 82 (2003), pp. 164-169.

Spoerri Butcher, Margueritte. “Szaviert, Wolfgang and Claude Daburon, SNG Österreich, Sammlung Leypold, Österreichische Nationalbank, Wien, Kleinasiatische Münzen der Kaiserzeit, Bd. II: Phrygien-Kommagene, Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Numismatik und Geldgeschichte 8, Wien: ÖFN, Österreichische Forschungsgesellschaft für Numismatik/Universität Wien, 2004,” Schweizer Münzblätter 218 (June 2005), pp. 56.

Spoerri Butcher, Marguerite. “Leschorn, W., ed. Lexikon der Aufschriften auf griechischen Münzen, Band I. Wien, 2002.” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 82 (2003), pp. 183-186.

Tristán, Francisca Chaves. “P.B. Purefoy and A. Meadows, eds. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, vol. IX, The British Museum, Part2: Spain. London: The British Museum Press, 2002.” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 213-217.

Walker, Alan S. “Sylloges Old and New: Schultz. S and J. Zahle, eds. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum. The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals. Danish National Museum. Supplement. Acquisitions 1942-1996. Copenhagen, 2002; Kroll, J.H. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum Deutschland. Staatliche Münzsammlung Münichen. 14. Heft. Attika, Megaris, Ägina Nr. 1-601. Munich, 2002; Konuk, K. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum. Turkey I. The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. Istanbul-Bordeaux, 2002.” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 82 (2003), pp. 132-136.

Walker, Alan S. “Some Recent Corpora of Roman Provincial Coins: Komnick, Holger. Die Münzprägung von Nicopolis ad Mestum. Berlin 2003; Papaefthymiou, Eleni G. Edessa de Macédoine. Edtude historique et numismatique. Athens, 2002; Ehling, Kay. Die Münzprägung der mysischen Stadt Germe in der römischen Kaiserzeit. Bonn, 2001.” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 82 (2003), pp. 170-182.

Wartenberg Kagan, Ute. “Tripp, David. Illegal Tender: Gold, Greed, and the Mystery of the Lost 1933 Double Eagle. New York, 2004.” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.2 (Summer 2004), pp. 67-68, illus.

Yevdokimov, Viktor. “Morrisson, Cécile. "Coin Usage and Exchange Rates in Badoer's Libro dei Conti." In Dumbarton Oaks Papers 55. Washington, D.C., 2001,” The Journal of the Classical and Medieval Society 6.2 (June 2005), pp. 44-48, illus.




Modern Forgery

Bendall, Simon. “A forgery of a basilikon of Andronicus III (A.D. 1328-1341),” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 377, illus.

Edge, B. “Introductory notes on coin forgeries,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.9 (December 2003), pp. 357-361.

Gerin, Dominique. “Un faux statère de Stymphale entré au Cabinet du Roi avant 1685,” Schweizer Münzblätter 220 (March 2006), pp. 3-8, illus.

The author discusses a seventeenth century cast forgery of a stater of Stymphalus that can be linked to the mould that produced it. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Hardwick, N. “Three groups of Chian forgeries,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 224-226.

Hurter, Silvia Mani. “Addenda et corrigenda zu G.K. Jenkins, Coins of Punic Sicily Part I,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005), pp. 5-14, illus.

This article deals with two issues of Motya didrachms which were omitted from Jenkins' Coins of Punic Sicily Part I, one because it was wrongly condemned and another which was classified under Segesta in the Naples cabinet; and with an issue of Panormos that was included in Jenkins' work, but now, 35 years later turns out to be false.It further publishes a reverse die of Segesta of ca. 412 BC which was reengraved for use by Panormos. (Silvia Mani Hurter)

Ireland, S. “Another example of a Rhodian forgery,” The Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 223-224, illus.

An 18th-century cast forgery of a drachm of Rhodes. (Martin Allen)

Macmillan, A.T. “Forgeries of £1 and £2 coins,” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.9 (December 2003), pp. 378-380, illus.

Oddie, G. “A 17th century token forgers mould?” Token Corresponding Society Bulletin 7.9 (December 2003), pp. 384-385, illus.

Rudd, Chris. “Die Cheriton-Fälschungen,” Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt 54.6 (2005), pp. 246, illus.

The author reports on a group of gold staters of the Cheriton Smiler type (Belgae, c. 55-45 BC) which definitely seem to be modern imitations. (Hans R. Baldus)

Schulze, W. “Some modern fakes of Islamic countermarks from 7th century Syria -a warning!” Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter 180 (Summer 2004), pp. 32, illus.




Biography

Adonazzolo Crisante, Cristina. “Angelo Maria Cortenovis,” in Moreno, Mariella (ed.), Delle medaglie carnio illiriche del P. Angelo Maria Cortenovis. Venezia (2003), pp. 9-11.

Cenni biografici su A. M. Cortenovis (1727-1801), padre barnabita originario di Bergamo. Rettore del Collegio dei Barnabiti di San Lorenzo Giustiniani ad Udine, fu uomo erudito e colto esperto in bibliografia, epigrafia, archeologia e con una spiccata passione per monete e medaglie. Fu in contatto epistolare con le più illustri personalità dell'epoca, incluso il cardinale Stefano Borgia. Oltre alle lettere scrisse saggi e manoscritti molti dei quali conservati nella Biblioteca Civica di Udine. (A. Carignani)

Anonymous. “In honorem Dimitar Draganov,” Numismatica Bulgarica 2.1 (2004), pp. 3-8, illus.

A review of the career and published works of Dimitar Draganov. Bulgarian text. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Campagnolo, Matteo. “Les années "genevoises" de la Société suisse de numismatique, 1889-1924,” Schweizer Münzblätter 216 (December 2004), pp. 96-102, illus.

A history of the Swiss Numismatic Society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, during which time it was based in Geneva. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Cicconi, Joseph. “The ANS Bids Washington Heights Farewell,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.2 (Summer 2004), pp. 20-28, illus.

A history of the Audobon Terrace location of the ANS on the occasion of the Society's move downtown. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Cicconi, Joseph. “Young Edward Newell,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.3 (Winter 2004), pp. 32-36, illus.

The biography of Edward T. Newell. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Clute, Stanley. “Robbie L. Reid,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 49.9 (November 2004), pp. 475-477, illus.

A biography of Judge Robbie L. Reid (1866-1945), a noted numismatist of British Columbia. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Clute, Stanley H. “Robert W. Redford and his Numismatic Collection,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 50.1 (January-February 2005), pp. 24-32, illus.

The biography of the Montreal businessman Robert W. Redford and the catalogue of his extensive collection of Canadian coins, tokens, and medals. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Hoover, Oliver D. “The History of the ANS: The Eighth Decade,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.3 (Winter 2004), pp. 26-31, illus.

Hurter, Silvia and Jean-Paul Divo. “Der Münzhandel in der Schweiz seit dem Ersten Weltkrieg,” Schweizer Münzblätter 216 (December 2004), pp. 103-106, illus.

The authors discuss the professional lives and times of several major Swiss coin dealers from 1918 to the 1980s. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Manship, Douglas Jr. “Paul Manship: The Dynamics of Family and Design,” The Numismatist 118.3 (March 2005), pp. 48-52, illus.

A look at the career and works of the American medallist Paul Manship. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Roehrs, Edward. “Loyalist Lewis Fueter,” The Numismatist 118.12 (December 2005), pp. 44-47, illus.

The pieced together story of silver/goldsmiths in the Fueter family of Bern Switzerland as they emigrated to New York and then faced the Revolution. Specific information on several counterstamped gold coins (Portuguese moidores and Johnannes (Joes)) from Museum of the City of New York. The references in this article are valuable, especially to those interested in early Indian Peace Medals (1761-1764) as Fueter's father Daniel was instrumental in creating and casting those pieces. A paper by Ian M. G. Quimby will probably be of interest to Peace Medal researchers. (Thomas Serfass)

Schwan, C. Frederick. “A Maniac in Multiple Worlds,” The Numismatist 110.7 (July 2005), pp. 48-52, illus.

A biography of Joseph E. Boling, Farran Zerbe Memorial Award winner for 2005. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Steinman, I. Leland. “Albert Kuner, Engraver,” The Canadian Numismatic Journal 49.9 (November 2004), pp. 470-474, illus.

A biography of Albert Kuner and a review of the dies for Canadian and American medals and gold coins that he engraved. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Stevens, Geoffrey. “Jeremiah Dummer: Hull and Sanderson's Apprentice Engraver,” The C4 Newsletter 13.1 (Spring 2005), pp. 16-22, illus.

The biography of Jeremiah Dummer with special attention to his work at the Massachusetts Mint. The article is illustrated by silver plate produced by Dummer. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Wehner, Michael. “San Francisco in Step with the Past,” The Numismatist 110.7 (July 2005), pp. 34-39, illus.

A numismatic history of San Francisco. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Weisser, Bernard. “A Reawakening in the 21st Century: The Berlin Coin Cabinet Reopens,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 3.3 (Winter 2004), pp. 50-51, illus.

Witschonke, Rick and Joe Ciccone. “The Summer Seminar: A Brief History,” The American Numismatic Society Magazine 5.1 (Spring 2006), pp. 62-65, illus.

A history of the ANS Summer Seminar from its inception in 1952 to the present. (Oliver D. Hoover)




Seals

Bendall, Simon. “An early nineteenth century seal of the American Consulate in London,” Spink's Numismatic Circular 112 (2004), pp. 237, illus.

Dahmen, Karsten. “Nero in Brüssel: Eine Siegelkapsel aus der Sammlung Ravestein und Fragen nach den Beneutzern eines 'kaiserlichen' Siegelschutzes,” Bulletin des Musées royaux d'art et d'histoire 72 (2001), pp. 5-17, illus.

The author presents a bronze seal box bearing the portrait of Nero from the Ravestein collection and discusses its use. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Jordanov, Ivan. “A Seal of Rozhe, Son of Dagobert (11th-12th C.),” Numismatica Bulgarica 2.1 (2004), pp. 14-68, illus.

Klein, Ulrich. “Von Paradies zu Paradies: Theriak und Theriak-Kapseln,” Schweizer Münzblätter 218 (June 2005), pp. 35-42, illus.

The author discusses a group of medals and stamped lead bottle caps of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries related to the cure-all known as theriac. (Oliver D. Hoover)

Manganaro, Giacomo. “Ancora sui culti della Sicilia Greca: Zeus Soter e il Fiume Sichas,” Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 82 (2003), pp. 5-15, illus.

The article publishes a Greek silver ring with two eagles picking at a serpent. Parallel scenes on Sicilian coins are discussed, as is the term ΣΟΤΕΡ in ancient Sicily. Further, a unique silver fraction of the [S]Ichaninoi of the early 4th century BC is presented; its reverse type was so far only known from Greek vase painting and depicts a sanctuary of the river-god Sichas. (Silvia Hurter)

Nikolau, Yorka. “The Two Lead Seals in the Elias Kantas Collection,” Νομισματικα Χρονικα 23 (2004), pp. 55-58, illus.

The author presents a twelfth century seal of Georgios Glavas an eleventh century seal of Epiphanios Pentaktenis. Text in English and Greek. (Oliver D. Hoover)




Finds

Hartman, Don. “King George I Indian Peace Medal found in New Jersey,” The C4 Newsletter 14.2 (Summer 2006), pp. 18-25, illus.

The author chronicles and illustrates the 2003 metal detectorist find of a King George I Indian peace medal as well as other coins and buttons in the same area. (Oliver D. Hoover)