Money of the Caribbean


(Coinage of the Americas Conference Proceedings 15, 2004)

edited by Richard G. Doty and John M. Kleeberg

Hardcover, 318 pp.
ISBN-13: 978-0-89722-285-3
ISBN-10: 0-89722-285-7
List price US$65

Papers presented at the 1999 Coinage of the Americas Conference (COAC).


Paper Chase: The 10 Reales of Santo Domingo (John M. Kleeberg)

The Myths and Mysteries of the Somers’ Ilands Hogge Money (Mark A. Sportack)

A Triple Numismatic Enigma of the Nineteenth Century Caribbean: Haiti, Barbados, St. Kitts, or Vieques? (F. Carl Braun)

Holey Dollars and Other Bitts and Pieces of Prince Edward Island (Chris Faulkner)

Tokens of Jewish Merchants of the Caribbean Before 1920 (Robert D. Leonard Jr.)

The Cuban Key Counterstamps Revisited (John P. Lorenzo)

Cuba’s 1897 Souvenir: Missing Link Debunks Conventional Wisdom (Emilio M. Ortiz)

The Coinage of the Americas Conference is an annual meeting that provides a forum for exchange of knowledge on a selected theme in the numismatics of the western hemisphere.

Cobs, Pieces of Eight and Treasure Coins: The Early Spanish-American Mints and their Coinages 1536–1773



by Sewall Menzel (2004)

Hardcover, 484 pp.
ISBN-13: 978-0-89722-284-6
ISBN-10: 0-89722-284-9


In the 1520s the Spanish crown began to realize through expanded explorations of the likes of Hernando Cortez and Francisco Pizarro that it was in charge of an enormous empire requiring extensive settlement and systems of control. Royal mints were founded to control, evaluate and tax gold and silver coming from the mines, as well as to produce the coins needed for everyday commercial transactions. For some 250 years the mints churned out millions of cob-style coins, many of which found their way into the treasure galleons of the day. Soon mints such as Mexico and Potosi became known as the financial ‘pillars of empire’ and enabled Spain to engage in seemingly endless wars of conquest and plunder. Geography, crown intransigence, bureaucratic incompetence, royal intrigues and outright scandal all had an impact on the mints and their productions. In this comprehensive and fully referenced study, Sewall Menzel brings out the critical detail and information needed to understand the ten early Spanish mints of Mexico, Santo Domingo, Peru, Potosi, Panama, Santa Fe de Nuevo Reino (Bogota), Cartagena, Cuzco, Guatemala and Cuba and their respective coinages. Through the use of some two thousand photos and diagrams the coins are identified by mint, king, denomination, mint assayer and type.


Kings, Coin Designs, Anomalies and Special Issues
The Mexico Mint (1536–1734)
The Santo Domingo Mint (1542–1634)
The Lima Mint (1568–1588, 1659–1660, 1684–1752)
The Potosí Mint (1573–1773)
The Panama Mint (1580–1583)
The Santa Fe de Bogotá Mint (1622–1756)
The Cartagena Mint (1622–1635, 1655)
The Cuzco Mint (1698)
The Guatemala Mint (1733–1754)
The Cuba Mint (1741)