|by Elena Stolyarik|
During the summer and fall of 2007, the ANS obtained several interesting purchases and gifts. From LHS Auction 100, our Greek department acquired a bronze chalkous (1.02 g) of the mid-fourth century BC issued in Idyma, Caria (Fig. 1). This rare example came from the collection of R. Maly (ex Kress 152, 5 July 1971, lot 396). The Society’s holdings of Roman provincial coins was augmented by an issue of Domitian (AD 81-96), of the Macedonian Koinon (Fig. 2), donated by ANS volunteer William Sudbrink.
Fig. 1. Caria. Idyma. Silver chalkous (1.02g). Circa 350 BC. (ANS 2007.29.1 purchase) 0.89 mm.
Fig. 2. Roman Empire. Domitian (81-96 AD). Bronze fraction. Macedonia, Koinon mint. (ANS 2007.30.1, gift of William Sudbrink) 24 mm.
ANS Associate Member James H. Blind donated to the U.S. department thirteen uncirculated and sealed Eisenhower dollars (Fig. 3) and one Barber quarter dollar (Fig. 4). His gift also included four commemorative medals, via Bowers & Merena Galleries limited editions, designed by United States Mint engraver Frank Gasparo (Fig. 5).
Fig. 3. United States. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Silver dollar, uncirculated, 1972, San Francisco mint. (ANS 2007.31.1, gift of James H. Blind) 38.1 mm.
Fig. 4. United States. Barber silver quarter dollar, 1899, San Francisco mint. (ANS 2007.31.14, gift of James H. Blind) 24 mm.
Fig. 5. United States. Silver commemorative medal, by Frank Gasparo, U.S. Mint engraver. (ANS 2007.31.18, gift of James H. Blind) 40.1 mm.
The Society also received, from Ronald Asadorian, an interesting group of material related to the history of the City of New York. Among these items are seventeen miscellaneous tokens, medalets, and badges, as well as U.S. large cents of 1828 (Fig. 6) and 1847; a U.S. Indian cent of 1861 (Fig. 7); a counterfeit U.S. half dollar of 1918; and an unidentified token/button/tag/badge (Fig. 8). All this material had been found in sewage sludge removed from drains by contractors in Midtown and lower Manhattan.
Fig. 6. United States. Copper. Large cent, 1828. (ANS 2007.42.19, gift of Ronald Asadorian) 27 mm.
Fig. 7. United States. Copper-nickel cent, 1861. (ANS 2007.42.20, gift of Ronald Asadorian) 19 mm.
Fig. 8. United States. Unidentified badge. ca. 1810 Found at John St. and Water St., New York City, 1984. (ANS 2007.42.22, gift of Ronald Asadorian)
Anthony Terranova continued to expand the ANS collection with a gift consisting of tokens from California, Pennsylvania, and New York dealer’s galleries (Figs. 9-10). A one-dollar gaming token from the Sho-Ka-Wah Casino of the Band of Pomo Indians, Hopland Reservation, California, was donated by Glean Risdon, of San Francisco (Fig. 11). An interesting artifact, a lifesaving badge of Thomas J. Stephens (Harlem River, New York City, Aug. 11, 1912), came from ANS Fellow Ray Williams (Fig. 12).
Fig. 9. United States. Coin dealer’s token. Kevin Lipton Rare Coins Inc. California. (ANS 2007.39.1, gift of Anthony Terranova) 27 mm.
Fig. 10. United States. Coin dealer’s token. David & Shirley Litrenta, Del Numismatics. York, Pennsylvania. (ANS 2007.39.6, gift of Anthony Terranova) 27 mm.
Fig. 11. United States. California, Sho-Ka-Wah Casino. $1 gaming token. (ANS 2007.36.1, gift of Glean Risdon) 47 mm.
Fig. 12. United States. Bronze lifesaving badge of Thomas J. Stephens. Harlem River, New York City, Aug. 11, 1912. (ANS 2007.33.1, gift of Ray Williams)
Sergio Pimente presented to the ANS a fine selection of fifty modern centimos and bolivares of Venezuela issued between 1970 and 2004, filling some gaps in the cabinet (Fig. 13). Several Israeli coins were received from Yoav Farhi, an ANS 2007 summer seminar student from Hebrew University, in Israel (Fig. 14).
Fig. 13. Venezuela. Iron/nickel clad 100 bolivares, Caracas mint, 2001. (ANS 2007.37.45, of Sergio Pimentel) 24.8 mm.
Fig. 14. Israel. Bimetallic 10 sheqalim, 2002. (ANS 2007.41.7, gift of Yoav Farhi) 22.5 mm.
A fine addition to our extensive medal collection was a purchase of forty-eight white metal medallions from Classical Numismatic Group (Auction 75 23.V.2007, Lot 1491). This issue was struck to commemorate the presentation of various fragments of the Parthenon and Acropolis statuary—the famed Elgin Marbles—to the British Museum. This large collection of marble sculptures was removed from Greece to Great Britain in 1806 by Thomas Bruce, earl of Elgin, the British ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, who used his position to obtain permission from the sultan to remove various sculptures and inscriptions. These were deposited in the British Museum in 1816. This beautiful medallic set, with Britain’s royal coat of arms on the reverse and the various fragments of the Acropolis marbles on the obverse, is a great addition to the ANS medal collection (Figs. 15-18).
Fig. 15. Great Britain. George IV (1820-1830). White metal medallion by Edward Thomason. Elgin Marbles dedication medal. “THE LAPITHA SUBDUED BY THE CENTAUR.” (ANS 2007.35.1, purchase) 47 mm.
Fig. 16. Great Britain. George IV (1820-1830). White metal medallion by Edward Thomason. Elgin Marbles dedication medal. “SACRIFICE.” (ANS 2007.35.8, purchase) 47 mm.
Fig. 17. Great Britain. George IV (1820-1830). White metal medallion by Edward Thomason. Elgin Marbles dedication medal. “HYPERION.” (ANS 2007.35.12, purchase) 47 mm.
Fig. 18. Great Britain. George IV (1820-1830). White metal medallion by Edward Thomason. Elgin Marbles dedication medal. (ANS 2007.35.29, purchase) 47 mm.
Among the most remarkable purchases in 2007 was a bronze portrait of Paul Wayland Bartlett (1865-1925) done by John Flanagan (1865-1952)—one of the famed studio assistants of Augustus Saint-Gaudens, who is also known as the designer of the Washington twenty-five-cent piece of 1932 (Fig. 19). This artistic work paid tribute to one of the most prominent of America’s sculptors. World renowned, Bartlett began his study in Paris under Emmanuel Fremiét, the famous French artist who modeled the remarkable statue of Joan of Arc erected in the Place des Pyramides in Paris. In 1887, Bartlett won a medal at the “Salon” (the official art exhibition of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris, the greatest annual or biannual art event in the world between 1748 and 1890). Closely connected with the French art scene, Bartlett was honored by the French government and named a Chevalier of the Legion d’Honneur in 1895, and a Commander in the Legion d’Honneur in 1924. He also acquired American honors, being named a member of the National Sculpture Society, the National Institute of Arts and Letters, and the American Academy of Arts and Letters. The best known of Bartlett’s monuments are the equestrian statue of Lafayette, in Paris; the statue of Michelangelo in the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.; and the façade of the New York Public Library in New York City.
Fig. 19. United States. Bronze portrait relief of Paul Wayland Bartlett (1865-1925) by John Flanagan (1865-1952), mounted on an oak panel. (ANS 2007.32.1, purchase) 305 mm.
The ANS also obtained through purchase two Art Deco bronze medals. The first, with a loop in the form of an airplane, commemorates the Salmson Aircraft Company. Their Salmson-2A2 was a well-regarded observation plane during the First World War and was flown extensively by the French and Americans and by many other countries after the war. (Fig. 20). The second medal, with images of a lion’s head and an allegoric Victory carrying a sword on the obverse and a monument to the children of Nice who were killed in the First World War on the reverse, is a magnificent masterwork of André Lavrillier and Alfred Janniot (1930) (Fig. 21).
Fig. 20. France. The Salmson Aircraft Company. Bronze commemorative medal. (ANS 2007.40.1, purchase) 41 x 30 mm.
Fig. 21. France. Bronze commemorative medal by André Lavrillier and Alfred Janniot, 1930. Monument to the children of Nice killed in World War I. (ANS 2007.40.2, purchase) 71 mm.
A very interesting commemorative bronze medal of the Federation Nationale de la Quincaillerie Fers Metaux is a gift from ANS Fellow and benefactor Jonathan Kagan (Fig. 22). This medal was struck in France at the Monnaie de Paris and signed by the renowned French medalist Robert Cochet (1903-1988). On the obverse is an image of Saint Eligius (or in French, Eloi; ca. AD 588-660). Eligius was a chief counselor to the Merovingian king of France Dagobert I. Appointed bishop of Noyon-Tournai three years after the king’s death in 642, he worked for twenty years to convert the druidic population of Flanders to Christianity. At this point, we should pause to mention that Eligius is not only the patron saint of the goldsmiths, metalworkers, the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, and a corps of the British Army, but also of coin collectors and numismatics, because prior to his ecclesiastical career, he served as a moneyer.
Fig. 22. France. Bronze commemorative medal with the image of St. Eligius (the patron of metalworkers and coin collectors) by Robert Cochet (1903-1988). (ANS 2007.34.1, gift of Jonathan Kagan) 58.5 mm.
Another student in this year’s ANS summer seminar, Dr. Trinity Jackman, from Columbia University, donated an interesting bronze medal: America’s Promise (Fig. 23). This piece is dedicated to the tenth anniversary celebration of the Alliance for Youth and was issued in honor of its founder, Colin Powell, and his wife, Alma.
Fig. 23. United States. Bronze. America’s Promise commemorative medal dedicated to the tenth anniversary of the Alliance for Youth, 2007. (ANS 2007.38.1, gift of Trinity Jackman) 75.8 mm.
Through a donation from long-time member Roger de Wardt Lane, the ANS collections received an interesting group of another twenty-five objects. Among these is a medal dedicated to the twentieth anniversary of the Allied victory in Europe (V-E Day, May 7 and May 8, 1945—the dates when the Allies formally accepted the end of Adolph Hitler’s Third Reich) (Fig. 24). Designed by Carl Paul Jennewein (1890-1978), a German-born American sculptor, this work features images of the Allied commander of World War II, General Dwight Eisenhower, the head of the European Theatre of Operations; the British General Harold R. L. G. Alexander, Supreme Allied Commander in Italy; and Marie-Pierre-Joseph-François Koenig of the French army, leading commander of General Charles de Gaulle’s Free French Forces.
Fig. 24. United States. Bronze commemorative medal by Carl Paul Jennewein (1890-1978). Twentieth anniversary of the Allied victory in Europe (1965). (ANS 2007.28.1, gift of Roger deWardt Lane) 76 mm.
Another bronze medal from deWardt Lane’s donation was produced in 1970 by the Royal Mint in London to commemorate the 350th anniversary of the historic voyage of the Mayflower, the famous ship that transported the “pilgrims” from Plymouth, England, to Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1620 (Fig. 25). Another excellent addition to the ANS collection of American contemporary medallic art is a silver Spirit of America medal by Mico Kaufman, 1992 recipient of the ANS’s J. Sanford Saltus Award for Outstanding Achievement in the Art of the Medal (Fig. 26). The Medallic Art Company, then situated in Danbury, Connecticut, issued a curious medal in 1985 dedicated to the centennial celebration of the Coca-Cola Company (1886-1986) (Fig. 27); “Coke” was first served at Jacob’s Pharmacy, in Atlanta, Georgia, and several years later became the best-known trademark in the history of commerce. Also from Mr. deWardt Lane are two bronze medals with images of the Virgin Islands National Park and Isle Royale National Park, in Michigan; they are commemorative issues of the American National Parks Centennial series (1872-1972) (Fig. 28). Other pieces in the same gift include a commemorative medal for the 450th anniversary (1521-1971) of the city of San Juan, Puerto Rico (Fig. 29), and a medal dedicated to the Soviet Union’s Summer Sports Competition in 1980 (Fig. 30).
Fig. 25. Great Britain. Bronze. Mayflower 350th anniversary commemorative medal, 1970. (ANS 2007.28.4, gift of Roger deWardt Lane) 38 mm.
Fig. 26. United States. Silver. Spirit of America medal by Mico Kaufman. (ANS 2007.28.5, gift of Roger deWardt Lane) 51 mm.
Fig. 27. United States. Bronze. Coca-Cola Company centennial medal. The Medallic Art Company, Danbury, Conn. (ANS 2007.28.3, gift of Roger deWardt Lane) 76 mm.
Fig. 28. United States. Bronze. Virgin Islands National Park centennial medal. (ANS 2007.28.9, gift of Roger deWardt Lane) 36.5 mm.
Fig. 29. United States: Puerto Rico. Bronze. 450th anniversary of San Juan commemorative medal, 1971. (ANS 2007.28.10, gift of Roger deWardt Lane) 38.5 mm.
Fig. 30. Soviet Union. Bronze. Ninth Summer Sports Competition of the people of the USSR commemorative medal, 1980. (ANS 2007.28.15, gift of Roger deWardt Lane) 50 mm.
An additional collection of material donated to the ANS by Mr. deWardt Lane included an international postal money order between the United States and Mexico (Fig. 31) and a colorful one-pound sterling note of 1991 (Fig. 32), issued by the Royal Bank of Scotland (still legal tender in the United Kingdom). A provocative part of this selection is a group of political-satirical notes, featuring images of Ross Perot, Bob Dole, Bill and Hillary Rodham Clinton, a one-million dollar “Gottrocks” banknote of Las Vegas, and a satirical “Ezeemunny” certificate, “One Thursday Buck,” issued in 1930 in defiance of money-spending California politicians (Fig. 33).
|Fig. 31. Mexico. International postal money order between the United States and Mexico. $11, February 24, 1904. (ANS 2007.28.17, gift of Roger deWardt Lane) 20.9 x 11.1 mm.|
Fig. 32. Great Britain: Scotland. One pound sterling, the Royal Bank of Scotland, 1991. (ANS 2007.28.19, gift of Roger deWardt Lane) 12.8 x 6.5 mm.
Fig. 33. United States: California. “Ezeemunny” satirical certificate. 1930. (ANS 2007.28.18, gift of Roger deWardt Lane) 14.7 x 5.9 mm.
In September 2007, masterworks from the ANS collection became part of our new temporary exhibition at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. This display is dedicated to the centennial of the minting of the most eminent of U.S. gold coins, commissioned by President Theodore Roosevelt and designed by the American sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens (1848-1907). The exhibition includes impressive and rarely seen material from the collections of the Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site, in Cornish, New Hampshire (Fig. 34-36).
Fig. 34. United States. Bronze. Columbian Exposition award medal by Augustus Saint-Gaudens and Charles Barber, 1892. (ANS 1933.64.12, estate of Dr. George F. Kunz) 72 mm.
Fig. 35. United States. Die of Pan-American Exposition Medal of Honor by James Earle Fraser, 1901. (ANS 2001.42.1, gift of Mr. Paul Franklin, Jr.) 44 mm.
Fig. 36. United States. Bronze. George Washington inaugural centennial medal, by Augustus Saint-Gaudens and Philip Martigny, 1889. (ANS 1987.147.171, gift of Mr. David R. Lit) 115 mm.
In October 2007, ninety-three ANS items (Fig. 37-39), along with thousands of other objects, traveled to the Louisiana State Museum. These pieces had been previously on display at the American Museum of Natural History, in New York City, in the successful exhibition entitled “Gold!” (see ANS Magazine 6, no. 2). The material was chosen for the reopening of the U.S. Mint in New Orleans. There, in the oldest existing American mint (which, after restoration, became a national landmark), thousands of visitors currently have a great opportunity to see a significant selection of brilliant precious-metal objects. The exhibition is on display in New Orleans until January 2008, and will travel thereafter to a second venue, the Denver Museum of Nature and Science, in February 2008.
Fig. 37. Mysia. Cyzicus. Electrum stater, c. 550-475 BC. (ANS 1944.100.42705, Edward T. Newell bequest) 20 mm.
Fig. 38. Persia. Gold double daric. 332-330 BC. (ANS 1977.158.1290, Robert F. Kelley bequest) 19.1 mm.
Fig. 39. Roman Empire. Augustus (27 BC-AD 14). Gold aureus, Spain. 18 BC. (ANS 1944.100.39070, Edward T. Newell bequest) 18.8 mm.
Nine ANS objects from the Society’s collection—Judean shekels (Fig. 40) of the First Revolt of the Jews against Rome (years two and three); tetradrachms and drachms of the Bar Kokhba War, or Second Jewish Revolt (Fig. 41); and two examples of the Roman emperor Magnentius’s large bronzes with the chi-rho early Christian monogram (Fig. 42)—along with a very rare carnelian gem engraved with a menorah and grapes (Fig. 43)—were incorporated into the exhibition “Picturing the Bible: The Earliest Christian Art,” at the Kimbell Art Museum, in Fort Worth, Texas. This show represents an extremely important assemblage of early Christian art and highlights early Christianity in its theological, historical, and artistic context. In the exhibition, visitors have an opportunity to see extraordinary objects from world-famous museums, including those of the Vatican. The exhibition will remain on view until March 30, 2008.
Fig. 40. Judaea. First Revolt, Silver shekel, Jerusalem Mint, AD 67. (ANS 1944.100.62978, Edward T. Newell bequest) 23.8 mm.
Fig. 41. Judaea. Bar Cochba War. Silver sela, Jerusalem Mint, AD 132. (ANS 1944.100.63042, Edward T. Newell bequest) 27.9 mm.
Fig. 42. Roman Empire. Magnentius, AD 350-353. Bronze double maiorina with chi-rho, Lugdunum mint. (ANS 1984.146.2203, purchase) 28 mm.
Fig. 43. Judaea. Engraved gem. Carnelian. (ANS 0000.999.36807) 12.5 x 15 mm.