third and fourth Dura hoard

Author
Bellinger, Alfred R. (Alfred Raymond), 1893-1978
Series
Numismatic Notes and Monographs
Publisher
American Numismatic Society
Place
New York
Date
Source
Donum
Source
Worldcat
Source
Worldcat Works

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CC BY-NC

Acknowledgement

Open access edition funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities/Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Humanities Open Book Program.

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FRONT

BODY

THE THIRD AND FOURTH DURA HOARDS

At the beginning of November, 1930, the excavation of Dura-Europos was renewed with the clearing of the Priests' House, adjoining the temples of Artemis and Atargatis, which had been partially dug the season before. In it were found two small jars containing Roman silver coins and nearby one mass of metal which also proved to be silver coins that had been buried in a bag. These last Mr. Newell has kindly undertaken to publish himself; the two other collections are dealt with in this paper. 1 There is every reason to believe that the two jars were part of a single hoard. They were found with their mouths opposite each other, almost touching, and the limits of the series are practically the same—Nero and Diadumenianus in one case, Vitellius and Macrinus in the other. Nevertheless, for the sake of entire accuracy, they are listed separately with a summary of the combined hoard at the end. Considering their proximity, it is curious that the color of the pieces was quite different, so that one could tell at a glance to which group any given coin belonged. All were covered with a thick corrosion due to the large proportion of copper in the alloy, but in the case of Hoard IV this was a much more yellowish green than in the case of Hoard III, perhaps because two bronze coins, now illegible, were in the jar with Hoard IV. As the pieces adhered to each other it was not practicable to weigh them before cleaning; the weights of the denarii after cleaning show no significant variation from the standard. Only the weights of the tetradrachms are recorded.

The hoards cannot have been buried before 218 because of the presence of coins of Macrinus and his son. On the other hand, there are none of the very common coins of Elagabalus issued in 219. The general confusion of the time may have been a sufficient reason for the burial. We know of no particular crisis at Dura, and the contents of Hoards I and II, beginning with Caracalla and continuing without interruption to Gallienus, lead one to think that this treasure may have been due to the miserliness of a particular priest rather than to any civil peril.

It is surprising and somewhat disappointing to find no denarii from the mint of Antioch earlier than the single coin of Pescennius Niger. That mint was certainly used by Vespasian, and occasional coins both of Trajan and Hadrian appear to have been struck there. One would expect to find a few of these in a hoard so much nearer to Antioch than to Rome, but such is not the case. There is, to be sure, one barbarous piece of Antoninus Pius (III, No. 145, Pl. III) but otherwise nothing which there is any excuse for attributing to the east. With Septimius Severus and his family, however, the case is different. Antioch furnishes 55 of the denarii of Severus, as against Rome's 37, and 4 each of Julia Domna and Caracalla come from the eastern mint. The only method of distinguishing these issues is by style and it must be confessed that, at a period when the style is never of the best, it is not always easy to make up one's mind.

Perhaps the best way to begin is with a comparison of specimens clearly typical of the two mints. IV, No. 56 (Pl. XII) may be taken as an example of Antioch; IV, Nos. 98, 99 (Pl. XIV), of Rome. There are three chief distinguishing marks of the Antiochene denarii: (1) the large, rough and uneven lettering, (2) the clumsy treatment of the eye, (3) the bad proportions of the standing figure, which is usually too short. In contrast with this, the Roman coins show more refinement, even the face of the standing figure being cut with considerable delicacy. These distinctions are not always so clear, but they are useful for general guidance. Plate XV shows an instructive comparison between IV, No. 111 from Antioch and No. 112 of the same type but probably from Rome. Unfortunately the reverse of the latter is not well enough preserved to be satisfactory, but the Roman style of Julia Domna appears clearly on No. 116. Differences are more elusive in the case of Caracalla. IV, Nos. 147 and 150 (Pl. XVIII) show the usual features of Rome and Antioch respectively, but IV, No. 158 (Pl. XVIII) and IV, No. 159 (Pl. XIX) illustrate the difficulty of deciding in some cases. The obverse of the former is clearly inferior in the drawing of the head and certainly no more than equal in the lettering; we should incline to attribute it to the inferior mint. But with the reverses the advantage is the other way. The sprawling letters of IV, No. 159, particularly the final G's, look more like Antioch than Rome. However, since the obverse of IV, No. 158 is better than that of IV, No. 146, and the reverse of IV, No. 159 better than that of IV, No. 147, both the FELICITAS AVGG pieces are attributed to Rome.

Since Mattingly and Sydenham's invaluable Roman Imperial Coinage has not reached the period after Commodus, one must still rely on Cohen, with some assistance from Platnauer The Life and Reign of the Emperor Lucius Septimius Severus and Mary Williams' article on Julia Domna in the American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. VI, 3 (July-September, 1902). 2

There is only one type of Severus which requires comment. IV Nos. 105, 106 show Jupiter between infants who are generally supposed to be Caracalla and Geta. But, if Caracalla was born in 188 (Platnauer, op. cit., pp. 50-53) and Geta in 189, the elder brother was 22, the younger 21 in 210, when IV, No. 105 was struck, and IV, No. 106 is a year later. Could they without too great absurdity, be represented as infants? Is this the mere conventional repetition of a group originating earlier, or has it a significance that has escaped us?

Cohen refers to Ramus, in the catalogue of coins in the Museum of Denmark, a general division of the coins of Julia Domna into three classes: the earliest, inscribed IVLIA DOMNA AVG; the second, inscribed IVLIA AVGVSTA; and the third, inscribed IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG. I have assumed that the first group belongs to the earlier years of her husband's reign, 193–196. All of our pieces with IVLIA DOMNA AVG are clearly from Antioch, except IV, No. 112 which I consider one of the first issues of the Roman mint. The simple title IVLIA AVGVSTA I should assign to the remainder of Severus' reign. The third group, which probably continues until the time of her death may begin as early as 198. Cohen (4, pp. 137-139) gives examples of her coins struck with her husband on which she appears as PIA FELIX; 3 the reverses date them between 198 and 204. Cohen No. 69 (quoted from Rollin) a hybrid with IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG and FORT RED TRP III COS II (195) may be dismissed as spurious. Julia's own types give no indication of date until her latter years. Our IV, No. 129 with MAT AVGG MAT SEN M PATR must be between 209, the date of Geta's elevation, and 212, the date of his death. It probably comes in the uneasy year between Septimius Severus' death and Geta's murder.

We have two denarii of Caracalla (IV, Nos. 146, 147) issued from Antioch in his youth, one in 197, the other in 198. These, and presumably other types not represented here, belong to the output of that mint in the early years of his father's reign. After 198 Rome alone seems to have been used as long as Severus lived. But there are two later pieces of Caracalla (IV, Nos. 148, 149) which appear to be from the east. On the former (Pl. XVII) the inscription MARTI PROPVGANATORI (sic) at once suggests Antioch, where errors in Latin inscriptions are common (Platnauer, op. cit., p. 35); the style of the latter (Pl. XVIII) is equally indicative. Comparison of IV, No. 148 with IV, No. 165 (Pl. XIX) which has the correct reading MARTI PRO- PVGNATORI will show that the differences are slight, it is true, but I believe we are justified in holding that in 211 Caracalla began again the striking of denarii at Antioch. It would be quite consistent with his general policy in the east. Neither hoard has any specimens of the Antoniniani which he introduced to check the depreciation of the denarius.

The tridrachm of Trajan from Caesarea in Cappadocia (IV, No. 3) is unlike anything previously found at Dura. A few of the abundant bronzes of Caesarea have turned up, but no more of the silver.

Before the discovery of these hoards the earliest tetradrachms found had been those of Caracalla; we now have a good piece of Marcus Aurelius and several of Septimius Severus; Hoard V, which Mr. Newell is publishing, contains still earlier tetradrachms. The coin of Marcus Aurelius is particularly interesting not only because it is a rare variety but because it represents the mint of Antioch during a period when, for some reason, its coins did not penetrate to Dura, or, at least, have not been found there. It rather emphasizes than explains that curious lacuna.

The tetradrachms of Severus and his sons attributed to Antioch are of two distinct styles. There is the type of the eagle on the leg and thigh (III, No. 197, Pl. VI; IV, No. 132, Pl. XVI) together with that having stars to right and left of the eagle's head (IV, No. 138, Pl. XVII; IV, No. 173, Pl. XX). On these the eagle's head is right and the wing feathers are represented by solid dots; the bend of the left wing is slightly higher and slightly sharper than that of the right. On the other hand, the pieces bearing a star between the eagle's legs (IV, No. 40, Pl. XI; IV, No. 135, Pl. XVI; IV, No. 172, Pl. XX) have the head left; the right wing is much higher than the left and the under wing coverts are represented by circles or semi-circles with a central dot. The two styles cannot, however, be the product of different mints, for there are intermediate examples. IV, No. 140 (Pl. XVII), with a star between the eagle's legs, has the wings as nearly even as on the coins with the leg and thigh, while on IV, No. 139 (too badly corroded to be illustrated) the leg and thigh are combined with the circle and dot technique for the wing coverts. The two tetradrachms of Caracalla with the thunderbolt (IV, Nos. 141, 142) are in too bad condition to furnish any ground for argument.

The other mints represented have already been discussed in connection with the first two hoards.

HOARD III

NERO DENARIVS

Rome 64-68

1. NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS. Head r., laur.

Rev. IVPPITER CVSTOS. Jupiter seated l., holding scepter and thunderbolt.

(B.M.C., I, p. 208, Nos. 74-76. Pl. 39.20.)

GALBA DENARII

Rome 68/69

2. IMP SER GALBA CAESAR AVG. Head r., laur.

Rev. DIVA AVGVSTA. Livia standing l., holding patera and scepter.

(B.M.C., I, p. 310, Nos. 8, 9. Cf. Pl. 52.3.)

3. IMP SER GALBA CAESAR AVG. Head r., laur.

Rev. SALVS GEN HVMANI. Female figure standing l., r. foot on globe, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar and holding upright rudder. (B.M.C., I, p. 315, Nos. 40, 41. Pl. 52.20.) Plate I

VITELLIVS DENARII

Rome 69

4. A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TRP. Head r., laur.

Rev. LIBERTAS RESTITVTA. Libertas standing r., holding pileus and long scepter.

(.B.M.C., I, p. 372, Nos. 31, 32. Pl. 61.8.) Plate I

Lugdunum 69

5. A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN. Head r., laur., globe beneath neck.

Rev. VICTORIA AVGVSTI. Victory advancing l., holding shield inscribed SPQR.

(B.M.C., I, p. 393, No. 125. Pl. 62.11.)

VESPASIAN DENARII

Rome 69/70

6. IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN VS AVG. Head r., laur.

Rev. COS ITER TR POT. Pax seated l., holding branch and caduceus. (B.M.C., II, p. 4, Nos. 26-30. Pl. 1.9.) Plate I

7. Same.

Rev. IVDAEA (in ex.). Jewess seated r. on ground, mourning; behind her trophy. (B.M.C., II, p. 6, Nos. 35-42. Pl. 1.12.)

70/71

8, 9. IMP CAES VESP AVG PM. Head r., laur.

Rev. AVGVR (above) TRI POT (below). Simpulum, sprinkler, jug and lituus. (B.M.C., II, p. 9, Nos. 50-53. Pl. 1.18.)

72/73

10. Same.

Rev. TRI POT (across field). Vesta seated l., holding simpulum.

(B.M.C., II, p. 10, Nos. 57-59. Pl. 1.20.) Plate I

11. IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII. Head r., laur.

Rev. AVGVR (above) TRI POT (below). Simpulum, sprinkler, jug and lituus. (B.M.C., II, p. 11, No. 64.)

12. Same.

Rev. VICTORIA AVGVSTI. Victory advancing r., holding palm and about to place wreath on trophy.

(B.M.C., II, pp. 13, 14, Nos. 75-77. Pl. 2.8,9.)

73

13, 14. IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS (beginning low r., outwardly). Head r., laur.

Rev. PONTIF MAXIM. Vespasian seated r., holding branch and scepter.

(B.M.C., II, p. 19, No. 98. Pl. 3.3.) Plate I

74

15. IMP CAESAR VESP AVG (beginning low r., outwardly). Head r., laur.

Rev. PON MAX TRP COS V. Winged caduceus.

(B.M.C., II, p. 25, No. 137. Pl. 4.3.)

75

16-18. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG (beginning low r., outwardly). Head r., laur.

Rev. PON MAX TRP COS VI. Pax seated l., holding branch.

(B.M.C., II, pp. 30, 31, Nos. 161-164. Pl. 4.20.) 76

19, 20. Same.

Rev. COS VII Eagles standing on garlanded base, head l.

(B.M.C., p. 34, Nos. 180-182. Pl. 5.14.)

21. Same.

Rev. PON MAX TRP COS VII. Victory standing l., on prow holding wreath and palm.

(Not in B.M., R.I.C., II, p. 25, No. 100.) Plate I

77/78

22. Same.

Rev. COS VIII. Mars standing l., holding spear and trophy.

(B.M.C., II, p. 37, Nos. 200-202. Pl. 6.4.)

23. CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG (beginning low r., outwardly). Head r., laur.

Rev. IMP XIX (in ex.). Sow l., with three young.

(B.M.C., II, p. 39, Nos. 212, 213. Pl. 6.13.)

24. Same.

Rev. IMP XIX (across field). Modius, standing on three legs, containing five ears of corn upright and two hanging over at the sides.

(B.M.C., II, p. 39, No. 216. Pl. 6.15.)

75-79

25. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG (beginning low r., outwardly). Head r., laur.

Rev. IOVIS CVSTOS. Jupiter standing l., sacrificing out of patera over altar and holding scepter.

(B.M.C., II, p. 49, Nos. 276-278. Pl. 8.11.)

78/79

26-29. CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG (beginning low r., outwardly). Head r., laur.

Rev. ANNONA AVG. Annona seated l., holding corn ears in lap.

(B.M.C., II, p. 51, Nos. 295, 296. Pl. 9.1.)

80/81

30. DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS (beginning low r., outwardly). Head r., laur.

Rev. SC on shield supported by two capricorns; below, a globe.

(B.M.C., II, p. 245, No. 132. Pl. 47.9.)

TITUS DENARIUS

Rome 75

31. T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN (beginning low r., outwardly). Head r., laur.

Rev. PONTIF TR P COS IIII. Pax seated l., holding branch.

(B.M.C., II, p. 32, No. 172. Pl. 5.8.) Plate I

DOMITIAN DENARII

Rome 74

32. CAES AVG F DOMIT COS III (beginning low r., outwardly). Head r., laur.

Rev. PRINCEPS IVVENTVT. Spes advancing l., holding flower and raising skirt.

(B.M.C., II, p. 29, No. 156. Pl. 4.16.) 76

33. CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS (beginning low r., outwardly). Head r., laur.

Rev. COS IIII. Pegasus walking r.

(B.M.C., II, p. 36, Nos. 193-195. Pl. 6.1.)

79

34. CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI (beginning low r., outwardly). Head r., laur.

Rev. PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS. Salus standing r., leaning on column and feeding snake.

(B.M.C., II, p. 47, Nos. 265, 266. Pl. 8.6.)

80

35. CAESAR DIVI F DOMITIANVS COS VII (beginning low r., outwardly). Head r., laur.

Rev. PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS. Goat standing l. in laurel wreath.

(B.M.C., II, p. 239, Nos. 88-90. Pl. 46.9.) Plate I

90

36. IM CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P VIIII. Head r., laur.

Rev. IMP XXI COS XV CENS PPP. Minerva r. on prow, brandishing javelin and holding shield; at her feet, owl.

(B.M.C., II, p. 333, No. 166. Pl. 64.20.)

92

37. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP XI. Head r., laur.

Rev. IMP XXI COS XVI CENS PPP. Minerva standing 1. with spear. (B.M.C., II, p. 333, No. 168. Pl. 65.2.)

NERVA DENARIVS

Rome 96 or 97

38. IMP NERVA CAES AVG PM TRP (or TRP II) COS II (or III) PP. Head r., laur.

Rev. LIBERTAS PVBLICA. Libertas standing l., holding pileus and scepter.

(R.I.C., II, p. 223, No. 7 or p. 224, No. 19 or p. 225, No. 31. Pl. VII,118 (rev.).) Plate I

TRAJAN DENARII

Rome 98/99

39. IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM. Head r., laur.

Rev. PONT MAX TR POT COS II. Abundantia seated l., holding scepter, on chair with crossed cornucopiae as arms; fold of drapery over lap.

(R.I.C., II, p. 245, No. 11.)

40. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Concordia seated l., holding patera and double cornucopiae; before her an altar.

(R.I.C., II, p. 245, No. 12.)

41. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., II, p. 245, No. 13.) Plate II

101-102

42. Same.

Rev. PM TRP COS IIII PP. Mars walking r. with spear and trophy.

(R.I.C., II, p. 248, No. 52.)

43, 44. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Victory standing r. on prow ending in serpent,, holding wreath and palm.

(R.I.C., II, p. 248, No. 59.)

45, 46. Same.

Rev. PM TRP COS IIII PP. Victory walking 1. with wreath and palm.

(R.I.C., II, p. 248, No. 60.)

103-111

47. IMP NERVA TRAIANVS AVG GERM DACICVS. Head r., laur., drapery over l. shoulder.

Rev. PM TRP COS V PP. Dacian seated r. on shield in attitude of mourning.

(R.I.C., II, p. 250, No. 89 has "below, curved sword.") Plate II

48-51. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP. Head r., laur. drapery over l. shoulder.

Rev. DAC CAP (in ex.) COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC (around). Dacian seated l., mourning; various arms on ground.

(R.I.C., II, p 251, No. 98.)

52-54. Same.

Rev. COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC. Roma standing l. with spear and Victory.

(R.I.C., II, p. 252, No. 115.)

55, 56. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Roma seated l., holding spear and Victory.

(R.I.C., II, p. 252, No. 116.)

57-61. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Aequitas standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., II, p. 252, No. 118, given only as gold.) Plate II

62. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus and leaning on column.

(R.I.C., II, p. 252, No. 120.)

63. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Spes walking l., holding flower and raising skirt.

(R.I.C., II, p. 253, No. 127 has obv. Head draped. Pl. VIII, 138 (rev.).) Plate II

64. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Victory standing l., half draped, holding wreath and palm.

(R.I.C., II, p. 253, No. 128.)

65, 66. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Victory walking l. with wreath and palm.

(R.I.C., II, p. 253, No. 131.)

67. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Trophy with one round and two hexagonal shields; at base, a sword, two javelins and two shields.

(R.I.C., II, p. 254, No. 147 b has obv. Head draped.)

68. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP COS V PP. Head r., laur., drapery over 1. shoulder.

Rev. SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI. Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., II, p. 256, No. 172.)

69. Same inscription. Head r., laur.

Rev. Same inscription. Pax standing l., holding olive branch and cornucopiae, foot on Dacian.

(R.I.C., II, p. 257, No. 190 a has obv. with aegis. Pl. VIII, 144 (rev.).)

70. Same inscription. Head r., laur., drapery on l. shoulder.

Rev. Same inscription. Spes advancing l., holding flower and raising skirt.

(R.I.C., II, p. 257, No. 191.) Plate II

111

71. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP COS V DES VI. Head r., laur., drapery on l. shoulder.

Rev. Same inscription. Victory standing r.; foot on helmet; she inscribes DACICA on shield attached to palm tree.

(R.I.C., II, p. 259, No. 234.) Plate II 112-114

72-74. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP COS VI PP. Head r., laur., drapery over l. shoulder.

Rev. Same inscription. Abundantia standing l., holding ears of corn and cornucopiae; at her feet child standing, holding roll. ALIM ITAL (in ex.).

(R.I.C., II, p. 261, No. 243. Pl. IX.156 (rev.).)

75. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Mars, nude, walking r. with spear and trophy.

(R.I.C., II, p. 263, No. 270.)

76, 77. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., II, p. 263, No. 272.)

78. Same inscription. Head r., laur., draped.

Rev. Same inscription. Trajan's column surmounted by statue of the emperor; at base, two eagles.

(R.I.C., II, p. 264, No. 292.)

114-117

79. IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC. Head r., laur., draped.

Rev. PM TRP COS VI PP SPQR. Fortuna seated l., holding rudder and cornucopiae. FORT RED (in ex.).

(R.I.C., II, p. 267, No. 318.)

80. IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC. Head r., laur., draped.

Rev. PARTHICO PM TRP COS VI PP SPQR. Mars walking r. with spear and trophy.

(R.I.C., II, p. 267, No. 331.)

81. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., II, p. 268, No. 332.) Plate II

82-85. IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIMO AVG GERM DAC. Head r., laur., draped.

Rev. Same inscription. Virtus standing r., holding spear and parazonium; foot on helmet.

(.R.I.C., II, p. 268, No. 334.)

86. IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC. Head r., laur., draped.

Rev. PM TRP COS VI PP SPQR. Mars walking r. with spear and trophy.

(R.I.C., II, p. 268, No. 337.)

87. Same inscription. Head r., laur., drapery over l. shoulder.

Rev. Same inscription. Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., II, p. 268, No. 343 has obv. Head draped.) Plate II

88. Same inscription. Bust r., laur., draped, in cuirass.

Rev. Same.

(R.I.C., II, p. 268, No. 344.) Plate II

89. IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO. Head r., laur., draped.

Rev. PRO VID (across field) PM TRP COS VI PP SPQR (around). Providentia standing l., holding scepter and pointing at globe.

(R.I.C., II, p. 269, No. 365.)

HADRIAN DENARII

Rome 117

90. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO AVG DIVI TRA. Bust r., laur., in cuirass.

Rev. PARTH F DIVI NER NEP PM TRP COS. Justitia seated l., holding patera and scepter. IVSTITIA (in ex.).

(R.I.C., II, p. 340, No. 11.)

91. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Pietas veiled standing l., raising r. hand.

(R.I.C., II, p. 340, No. 13.) Plate II

118

92. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG. Head r., laur., drapery over l. shoulder.

Rev. PM TRP COS II (or III which would be 119-122). Concord seated l. CONCORD (in ex.).

(R.I.C., II, p. 345, No. 39 or p. 354, No. 118.)

93. Same.

Rev. PM TRP COS II. Pietas standing l., veiled, raising r. hand. PIETAS (in ex.).

(R.I.C., II, p. 345, No. 45.)

119–122

94. Same.

Rev. PM TRP COS III. Mars advancing r., holding spear and trophy.

(R.I.C., II, p. 348, No. 67.)

95, 96. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Roma, helmeted, seated l. on cuirass, holding Victory and spear, behind, shield.

(R.I.C., II, p. 349, No. 77.)

97, 98. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Aequitas standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., II, p. 350, No. 80.)

99. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Hadrian standing l., holding rudder on globe, and spear.

(R.I.C., II, p. 353, No. 110. Pl. XII, 232 (rev.).) Plate III

100. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Felicitas seated l., holding caduceus and cornucopiae. FEL PR (in ex.).

(R.I.C., II, p. 354, No. 120.)

101. Same inscription. Head r., laur.

Rev. Same inscription. Libertas seated l., holding branch and scepter. LIB PVB (in ex.).

(R.I.C., II, p. 355, No. 127.)

102. Same inscription. Head r., laur., drapery over l. shoulder.

Rev. Same inscription. Providentia standing l., pointing to globe at her feet and holding scepter. PRO AVG (in field).

(R.I.C., II, p. 356, No. 133.)

103, 104. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Salus seated l., feeding snake coiled around altar. SAL AVG (in ex.).

(R.I.C., II, p. 356, No. 137.)

105. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Pietas, veiled, standing r., raising both hands. VOT PVB (in field).

(R.I.C., II, p. 357, No. 141.)

125-128

106. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS. Head r., laur., drapery over l. shoulder.

Rev. COS III. Hercules seated r. on cuirass, holding Victory and club which rests on shield.

(R.I.C., II, p. 358, No. 148.) Plate III

107. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS PP. Head r., laur.

Rev. Same inscription. Minerva standing r., holding spear and leaning on shield.

(R.I.C., II, p. 358, No. 152.) Plate III

108. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS. Head r., laur.

Rev. Same inscription. Roma seated l. on cuirass and shield, holding branch and scepter.

(R.I.C., II, p. 360, No. 165.)

109, 110. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Seven stars above crescent.

(R.I.C., II, p. 362, No. 202. Pl. XIII, 251 (rev.) has inscription in ex.) Plate III

134-138

111. HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP. Head r., laur.

Rev. ADVENTVS AVG. Roma standing r., holding spear and clasping hands with Hadrian standing l.

(R.I.C., II, p. 366, No. 225. Pl. XIII, 264.)

112. Same inscription. Head r., bare.

Rev. FELICITAS AVG. Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., II, p. 367, No. 233.) Plate III

113. Same inscription. Head r., laur.

Rev. Same inscription. Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus and branch.

(R.I.C., II, p. 367, No. 234.)

114. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus and clasping hands with Hadrian standing r.

(R.I.C., II, p. 368, No. 237.)

115-117. Same inscription. Head r., bare.

Rev. FIDES PVBLICA. Fides standing r., holding corn ears and basket of fruit.

R.I.C., II, p. 368, No. 241 A.)

118. Same inscription. Head r., laur.

Rev. MONETA AVG. Moneta standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., II, p. 369, No. 256.)

119. Same.

Rev. SALVS AVG. Salus standing r., feeding snake coiled round altar.

(R.I.C. II, p. 371, No. 267.)

120. Same inscription. Head r., bare.

Rev. SPES PR. Spes advancing l., holding flower and raising skirt.

(R.I.C., II, p. 371, No. 274.)

121. Same.

Rev. VENERIS FELICIS. Venus seated l., holding Cupid and leaning on reversed spear.

(R.I.C., II, p. 372, No. 280. Pl. XIV, 281.)

122. Same.

Rev. VOTA PVBLICA. Hadrian, veiled, standing l., sacrificing out of patera over tripod.

(R.I.C., II, p. 373, No. 290.)

123. HADRIANVS AVGVSTUS PP. Head r., laur.

Rev. COS III. Abundantia seated l., holding hook and cornucopiae; in front, modius and corn ears.

(R.I.C., II, p. 379, No. 338.)

124. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Pudicitia, veiled, seated l.

(R.I.C., II, p. 380, No. 343.)

125, 126. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Victory seated l., holding wreath and palm.

(R.I.C., II, p. 380, No. 345.)

SABINA DENARII

Rome 134-138

127. SABINA AVGVSTA. Bust r., diademed, hair in queue.

Rev. CONCORDIA AVG. Concordia standing l., leaning on column holding patera and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., II, p. 386, No. 390.) Plate III

128. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Concordia seated l., holding patera and scepter.

(R. I. C., II, p. 386, No. 391.)

129, 130. Same.

Rev. IVNONI REGINAE. Juno standing l., holding patera and scepter.

(R.I.C., II, p. 386, No. 395.)

131. SABINA AVGVSTA HADRIANI AVG PP. Same type.

Rev. CONCORDIA AVG. Concordia seated l., holding patera and leaning l. elbow on figure of Spes; under chair, cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., p. 387, No. 398.)

ANTONINVS PIUS DENARII

Rome 139

132. IMP T AEL CAES HADR ANTONINVS. Head r., bare.

Rev. AVG PIVS PM TRP COS II. Clasped hands holding winged caduceus.

(R.I.C., Ill, p. 29, No. 27.)

133. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP. Head r., bare.

Rev. TRP COS II. Pax standing l., holding branch and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., III, p. 30, No. 42. Pl. I, 7 (rev.) but there TR POT.)

140-143

134. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TRP COS III. Head r., laur.

Rev. ANNONA AVG. Modius with cornears and poppies.

(R.I.C., III, p. 33, No. 62.)

135. Same.

Rev. CLEMENTIA AVG. Clementia standing l., holding patera and scepter.

(R.I.C., III, p. 33, No. 64.)

136. Same.

Rev. ITALIA. Italia, turreted, seated l. on globe holding cornucopiae and scepter.

(R.I.C., III, p. 34, No. 73.)

137. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP. Head r., laur.

Rev. TR POT COS III. Clementia seated l., holding patera and scepter.

(R.I.C., III, p. 36, No. 84.)

138. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP COS III. Head r., laur.

Rev. VIRTVS AVG. Virtus standing l., holding spear reversed and parazonium.

(R.I.C., III, p. 38, No. 102d.)

143-144(?)

139. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TRP COS III. Head r., laur.

Rev. IMPERATOR II. Victory l., holding wreath and palm.

(R.I.C., III, p. 39, No. Ill b.)

149-150

140. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TRP XII. Head, r., laur.

Rev. COS IIII. Aequitas standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., III, p. 48, No. 177. Pl. II, 33.)

150-151

141. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TRP XIIII. Head r., laur.

Rev. Same inscription. Genius standing l., holding patera and ears of corn.

(R.I.C., III, p. 50, No. 196.)

142. IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP. Head r., laur.

Rev. TR POT XIIII COS IIII. Pietas standing r., holding hind by the neck and plate of fruits; beside her to r., altar. PIETAS (in ex.).

(R.I.C., III, p. 50, No. 201.) Plate III

152-153

143, 144. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TRP XVI. Head r., laur.

Rev. COS IIII. Fortuna standing r. with rudder on globe and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., III, p. 53, No. 222.) Plate III

155, 156

145. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP IMP II. Head r., laur.

Rev. TR POT XIX COS IIII. Annona seated r., holding cornucopiae in both hands; at feet modius. Barbarous.

(R.I.C., III, p. 56, No. 250. Pl. II, 43 (rev.).) Plate III

156, 157

146. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP IMP II. Head r., laur.

Rev. TR POT XX COS IIII. Annona standing r., l. foot on prow, holding rudder and modius.

(R.I.C., III, p. 57, No. 260.)

147. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Salus seated l., feeding snake coiled round altar.

(R.I.C., III, p. 57, No. 264.)

148. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Securitas seated l., holding scepter, elbow resting on arm of chair.

(R.I.C., III, p. 58, No. 265.) Plate IV

159-160

149. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TRP XXIII. Head r., laur.

Rev. ROMA COS IIII. Roma seated l., holding Victory and spear.

(R.I.C., III, p. 63, No. 303. Pl. II, 48 (rev.).)

After 161.

150, 151. DIVVS ANTONINVS. Head r., bare.

Rev. CONSECRATIO. Pyre of four tiers, decorated with hangings and garlands, surmounted by quadriga.

(R.I.C., III, p. 247, No. 436. Pl. IX, 185.)

FAUSTINA SENIOR DENARII

Rome After 141

152. DIVA FAVSTINA. Bust r., draped.

Rev. AETERNITAS. Providentia standing l., holding globe and scepter.

(R.I.C., III, p. 70, No. 350 a. Pl. III, 55 with bust veiled.)

153-155. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Faustina standing l., veil blown out behind head, holding globe.

(R.I.C., III, p. 70, No. 351.) Plate IV

156, 157. Same.

Rev. AVGVSTA. Ceres, veiled, standing l., holding torch and scepter.

(R.I.C., III, p. 70, No. 356. Pl. III, 60 (rev.).)

158, 159. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Ceres, standing l., holding corn ears and torch.

(R.I.C., III, p. 71, No. 360. Pl. III, 59 (rev.).)

160. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Ceres, standing l., raising r. hand and holding torch.

(R.I.C., III, p. 71, No. 361.)

161. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Ceres standing l. holding torch and holding up fold of skirt.

(R.I.C., III, p. 71, No. 362.)

162. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Juno veiled, seated r., holding scepter.

(R.I.C., III, p. 71, No. 363.)

163. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Venus standing l., holding apple and resting l. hand on shield.

(R.I.C., III, p. 71, No. 366.) Plate IV

164. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Pietas standing l. by altar, raising r. hand, l. hand at side.

(R.I.C., III, p. 72, No. 374.) Plate IV

165. Same.

Rev. CERES. Ceres, veiled, standing l., holding corn ears and torch.

(R.I.C., III, p. 72, No. 378.)

166, 167. Same.

Rev. CONSECRATIO. Ceres standing l., veiled, raising r. hand and holding torch.

(R.I.C., III, p. 73, No. 382 b.)

168. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Peacock walking r., head l.

(R.I.C., III, p. 73, No. 384. Pl. III, 64 (rev.).)

169, 170. DIVA AVG FAVSTINA. Bust r., draped.

Rev. PIETAS AVG. Pietas, veiled, standing l., dropping incense on altar and holding box.

(R.I.C., III, p. 74, No. 394 a.)

MARCUS AURELIUS DENARII

Rome 145-147

171, 172. AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG PII F. Head r., bare, unbearded.

Rev. COS II. Honos standing l., holding branch and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., III, p. 80, No. 429 a. Pl. IV, 77 (rev.).) Plate IV

156, 157

173. AVRELIVS CAES ANTON AVG PII F. Head r., bare, bearded.

Rev. TR POT XI COS II. Securitas standing l., leaning on column, raising r. hand and holding scepter.

(R.I.C., III, p. 88, No. 472.) Plate IV

157, 158

174. Same.

Rev. TR POT XII COS II. Felicitas standing l., leaning on column and holding caduceus and scepter.

(R.I.C., III, p. 89, No. 475 a.)

162-163

175. IMP M ANTONINVS AVG. Head r., bare.

Rev. CONCORD AVG TR P XVII. Concordia seated l., holding patera; cornucopiae under seat of chair; COS III (in ex.).

(R.I.C., III, p. 218, No. 59.)

165-166

176. M ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS. Head r., laur.

Rev. PAX AVG TRP XX COS III. Pax standing l., holding branch and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., III, p. 224, No. 146.)

169-170

177. M ANTONINVS AVG TRP XXIIII. Head r., laur.

Rev. FELICITAS AVG COS III. Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus and scepter.

(R.I.C., III, p. 230, No. 218.) Plate IV

FAUSTINA JUNIOR DENARII

Rome After 145

178-180. FAVSTINA AVGVSTA. Bust r. draped.

Rev. AVGVSTI PII FIL. Venus standing l., holding Victory and resting l. hand on shield, set on helmet.

(R.I.C., III, p. 93, No. 495 a. Pl. IV, 90 (rev.).)

181. FAVSTINA AVG ANTONINI AVG PII FIL. Bust r., draped.

Rev. CONCORDIA. Concordia standing front, head r., holding cornucopiae and raising skirt with r.

(Cf. R.I.C., p. 93, No. 500 b, where the obv. reads FAVSTINAE.) Plate V

182, 183. FAVSTINA AVG PII AVG FIL. Bust r., draped.

Rev. CONCORDIA. Concordia seated l., holding flower, resting elbow on cornucopiae which is by her chair; under chair, globe.

(R.I.C., III, p. 93, No. 502 a.)

184. FAVSTINAE AVG PII AVG FIL. Bust r., with stephane.

Rev. LAETITIAE PVBLICAE. Laetitia standing l., holding wreath and scepter.

(R.I.C., III, p. 94, No. 506 c. Pl. IV, 95.) Plate V

185. Same inscription. Bust r., draped.

Rev. PVDICITIA. Pudicitia standing l., half drawing veil over face and raising skirt.

(R.I.C., III, p. 94, No. 507 a. Pl. IV, 96 (rev.).)

After 161

186, 187. FAVSTINA AVGVSTA. Bust r., draped.

Rev. FECVNDITAS. Fecunditas standing r., holding scepter and infant.

(R.I.C., III, p. 269, No. 677. Pl. XI, 218. The bust there is diademed, though not so described.)

161-176

188. Same inscription. Bust r., diademed.

Rev. SAECVLI FELICIT. Pulvinar on which are Commodus and Antoninus.

(R.I.C., III, p. 271, No. 712.) Plate V 176-180

189. DIVA AVG FAVSTINA. Bust r., veiled.

Rev. CONSECRATIO. Funeral pyre surmounted by biga.

(R.I.C., III, p. 273, No. 747.) Plate V

LUCIUS VERUS DENARIUS

Rome 162, 163

190. IMP L VERVS AVG. Head r., bare.

Rev. PROV DEOR TRP III COS II.

Providentia standing l., holding globe and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., III, p. 253, No. 491.) Plate V

LUCILLA DENARII

Rome 164-180

191. LVCILLA AVGVSTA. Bust r., draped.

Rev. PVDICITIA. Pudicitia seated l., veiled, r. hand on breast.

(R.I.C., III, p. 276, No. 780.)

192. LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F. Bust r., draped.

Rev. VESTA. Vesta, veiled, standing l. by altar decorated and lighted, holding simpulum and palladium.

(R.I.C., III, p. 276, No. 788.) Plate V

COMMODUS DENARII

Rome 179

193. L AVREL COMMODVS AVG. Bust r., laur., draped, in cuirass, unbearded.

Rev. TRP IIII IMP II COS PP. Salus seated, holding branch, her l. arm resting on chair; at her feet, snake.

(R.I.C., III, p. 267, No. 657.) Plate V

190

194. M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT PP. Head r., laur., bearded.

Rev. LIB AVG PM TRP XV COS VI. Libertas standing l., holding pileus and rod.

(R.I.C., III, p. 389, No. 208.) Plate VI

192

195. L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL. Head r., laur.

Rev. PM TRP XVII IMP VIII COS VI PP. Victory advancing l., holding wreath and palm; star in field, l.

(R.I.C., III, p. 393, No. 237.)

After 193

196. M COMM ANTON AVG PIVS BRIT. Head r., laur.

Rev. CONSECRATIO. Eagle on globe l., head r.

(R.I.C., III, p. 397, No. 263 b.) Plate VI

SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS TETRA DRACHM

Antioch 202

197. AϒT KAI CЄOϒHPOC CЄ B. Head r., laur.

Rev. ΔΗΜΑΡΧЄΞΤΠΑϒΟΓ. Eagle on leg and thigh of animal, head r., wreath in beak.

(B.M.C., Galatia, etc., p. 193, No. 351. Pl. XXIII, 6.) Plate VI

DENARII

Antioch 193

198, 199. IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG. Head r., laur.

Rev. MONETAE AVG. Moneta standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae. (Cf. C. 4, p. 37, No. 329.) Plate VI

194

200. IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II. Head r., laur.

Rev. BONA SPES. Spes walking l., holding flower and raising skirt.

(C. 4, p. 9, No. 58.) Plate VI

201-203. Same.

Rev. BONI EVENTVS. Fides standing l., holding basket of fruit and two ears of corn. (No. 203 EVENTVC.)

(C. 4, p. 10, No. 68.) Plate VI

204. Same.

Rev. CERER FRVG. Ceres standing l., holding torch and two ears of corn. (C. 4, p. 10, No. 69.) Plate VI

205. Same.

Rev. FORT REDVC. Fortuna standing l., holding rudder and cornucopiae. (C. 4, p. 21, No. 160, gives this rev. with obv. IMP II instead of COS II.) Plate VI

206. Same.

Rev. FORTVN REDVC. Fortuna standing l., holding long palm and cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 22, No. 175, gives this rev. with obv. COS I.) Plate VII

207, 208. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Fortuna seated l., holding branch and cornucopiae.

(No. 208 plated.)

(C. 4, p. 23, No. 177.) Plate VII

209. Same.

Rev. LIBERAL AVG. Liberalitas standing l., holding tessera and cornu-copiae.

(C. 4, p. 32, No. 283.) Plate VII

210. Same.

Rev. LIR(sic) AVG. Liberalitas seated l., holding tessera and cornucopia.

Plate VII

211. Same.

Rev. MINER VICT. Minerva helmeted standing l., leaning on spear, l. hand at her side. Plate VII

212-214. Same.

Rev. MONET AVG. Moneta standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 37, No. 330.)

215. Same.

Rev. SAECVLL FELLCIT (Sic). Crescent with seven stars.

(C. 4, p. 66, No. 628, has SAECVLI FELICIT.) Plate VII

216. IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG. Head r., laur.

Rev. VICTOR IVST AVG II COS (Sic). Victory l., holding wreath and palm. (C. 4, p. 77, No. 738, has VICT IVST AVG.) Plate VII

195

217. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP V. Head r., laur.

Rev. APOLLINI AVGVSTO. Apollo with long hair standing l., holding patera and lyre.

(C. 4, p. 8, No. 46.) Plate VII

218, 219. IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II. Head r., laur.

Rev. TRP III IMP V COS II. Captive seated r., on ground, arms bound; before him, shields, bow and quiver. (C. 4, p. 69, No. 661.) Plate VII

196

220. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII. Head r., laur.

Rev. PM TRP V COS II PP. Pax seated l., holding olive branch and scepter. (C. 4, p. 47, No. 444.) Plate VIII

198

221. L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX. Head r., laur.

Rev. CONCORDIAE MILITVM. Concordia standing l., holding standard in each hand.

(C. 4, p. 11, No. 78.) Plate VIII

Rome 194

222. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP IIII. Head r., laur.

Rev. SECVRITAS PVBLICA. Securitas seated l., holding a glove.

(C. 4, p. 67, No. 646.)

198-201

223. SEVERVS AVG PART MAX. Head r., laur.

Rev. RESTITVTOR VRBIS. Emperor standing l., sacrificing on lighted tripod, holding spear.

(C. 4, p. 63, No. 599.) Plate VIII

JULIA DOMNA DENARIVS

Antioch 193-196

224. IVLIA DOMNA AVG. Bust r., draped.

Rev. VENERI VICT. Venus, half nude, r., holding palm and apple and leaning with l. elbow on column.

(C. 4, p. 121, No. 193 has VICTR.) Plate VIII

CARACALLA DENARIUS

Rome (?) 201

225. Inscription off flan. Head r., laur., bearded.

Rev. P]M TRP IIII C[OS —. Fortuna standing l., holding rudder on globe and cornucopiae. Plate VIII

DIADUMENIANUS TETRADRACHM

Tyre 218

226. MOΠANTWNI. Bust r., bare, draped.

Rev. ΔH[M]APXЄ[ΞOϒC]IAC. Eagle, head r., between legs, murex shell; beneath, club. Plate VIII

HOARD IV

VITELLIUS DENARIUS

Rome 69

1. A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TRP. Head r., laur.

Rev. CONCORDIA PR. Concordia seated l., holding patera and cornucopiae. (B.M.C., I, p. 371, No. 20. Pl. 60.27 (obv.), Pl. 60, 18, 19 (rev. type).)

VESPASIAN DENARIUS

Rome 60-70

2. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG. Head r., laur.

Rev. COS ITER FORT RED. Fortuna standing l., holding prow and cornucopiae.

(B.M.C., II, p. 2, Nos. 8, 9. Pl. 1.3.)

TRAJAN TRI DRACHM

Caesarea 100

3. AϒTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANOC CЄB ΓΕΡΜ. Bust r., laur., drapery at neck.

Rev. ΔΗΜΑΡΧЄΞΤΠΑϒΟΓ. Roma seated l., on cuirass and arms, holding Victory, and parazonium [9.41 gm.].

(Sydenham, Numismatic Circular, Oct. 1930, col. 426, No. 180.) Plate IX

DENARIUS

Rome 103-111

4. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP COS V PP. Bust r., laur., drapery on l. shoulder.

Rev. SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI. Trophy.

(R.I.C., II, p. 259, No. 226.)

HADRIAN DENARIUS

Rome 119-122

5. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG. Bust r., laur., drapery on l. shoulder.

Rev. PM TRP COS III. Aeternitas standing l., holding heads of sun and moon.

(R.I.C., II, p. 350, No. 81.) Plate IX

LUCIUS AELIUS DENARIUS

Rome 137

6. L AELIVS CAESAR. Head r., bare.

Rev. TR POT COS II. Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., II, p. 392, No. 430.) Plate IX

SABINA DENARIUS

Rome 134-138

7. SABINA AVGVSTA. Bust r., hair in queue.

Rev. VENERI GENETRICI. Venus standing r., drawing up robe over shoulder and holding apple.

(R.I.C., II, p. 387, No. 396. Pl. XIV, 287 (rev.).) Plate IX

ANTONINUS PIUS DENARII

Rome 138

8. IMP T AEL CAES HADRI ANTONINVS. Head r., bare.

Rev. AVG PIVS PM TRP COS DES II. Aequitas standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., III, p. 26, No. 10.)

140-143

9. ANTONINUS AVG PIVS PP TRP COS III. Head r., laur.

Rev. AEQVITAS AVG. Aequitas standing l., holding scales and rod.

(R.I.C., III, p. 33, No. 61.)

145-161

10. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP. Head r., laur.

Rev. COS IIII. Clasped hands holding caduceus and corn ears.

(R.I.C., III, p. 43, No. 136.) Plate IX

149, 150

11. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TRP XII. Head r., laur.

Rev. COS IIII. Aequitas standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., III, p. 48, No. 77.) Plate IX

150, 151

12. IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP. Head r., laur.

Rev. TR POT XIIII COS IIII. Tranquilinas standing r., holding rudder and corn ears, TRANQ (in ex.).

(R.I.C., III, p. 51, No. 202.) Plate IX

153, 154

13. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TRP XVII. Head r., laur.

Rev. COS IIII. Annona standing l., holding corn ears and setting l. hand on modius set on ship.

(R.I.C., III, p. 54, No. 231. Pl. II, 42.)

155, 156

14. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TRP XIX. Head r., laur.

Rev. TR POT XIX COS IIII. Fortuna standing r., holding rudder on globe and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., III, p. 56, No. 251.)

159, 160

15, 16. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TRP XXII. Head r., laur.

Rev. VOTA SVSCEPTA DEC III. Antoninus standing l., sacrificing from patera over tripod. COS IIII (in ex.).

(R.I.C., III, p. 62, No. 294.) Plate X

After 161

17. DIVVS ANTONINVS. Head r., bare.

Rev. CONSECRATIO. Eagle standing r., head 1.

(R.I.C., III, p. 247, No. 429. Pl. IX, 186 (rev.).) Plate X

FAUSTINA SENIOR DENARIUS

Rome After 141

18. DIVA FAVSTINA. Bust r., draped.

Rev. CERES. Ceres standing l., veiled, holding corn ears and torch.

(R.I.C., III, p. 72, No. 378.)

MARCUS AURELIUS TETRADRACHM

Antioch 177

19. AϒTOKP ANTΩNЄNOC CЄB. Bust r., laur., in cuirass.

Rev. ΔΗΜΑΡΧ[ЄΞ]TO ΛΑϒΠΑΤΟ. Eagle, head l., on leg and thigh of animal. [12.05 gm.].

(Cf. B.M.C., Galatia, etc., p. 192, No. 343.) Mistakenly read as AI instead of ΛΓ Cf. Pl. XXIII, 5, and R.N., 32 (1929), p. 24. Plate X

DENARII

Rome 169, 170

20. M ANTONINVS AVG TRP XXIIII. Head r., laur.

Rev. COS III. Minerva standing r., hurling javelin and holding shield.

(R.I.C., III, p. 229, No. 211.)

172, 173

21. Μ ANTONINVS AVG TRP XXVII. Head r., laur.

Rev. IMP VI COS III. Aequitas standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

(R.I.C., III, p. 234, No. 271.)

177, 178

22. M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG. Head r., laur.

Rev. TRP XXXII IMP VIIII COS III PP. Mars standing r., holding spear, l. hand on shield.

(R.I.C., III, p. 243, No. 284.)

23. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Annona standing l., holding two corn ears and cornucopiae; on l. modius, on r. ship.

(R.I.C., III, p. 243, No. 390 has modius r. ship I.) Plate X

After 180

24. DIVVS M ANTONINVS PIVS. Head r., bare.

Rev. CONSECRATIO. Eagle standing r. on bar.

(R.I.C., III, p. 398, No. 265.) Plate X

FAUSTINA JUNIOR DENARII

ROME After 145

25. FAVSTINA AVGVSTA. Bust r., draped.

Rev. AVGVSTI PII FIL. Venus standing l., holding Victory and resting l. hand on shield set on helmet.

(R.I.C., III, p. 93, No. 495. Pl. IV, 90 (rev.).)

After 161

26. FAVSTINA AVGVSTA. Bust r., draped.

Rev. VESTA. Vesta, veiled, seated l., holding palladium and scepter.

(R.I.C., III, p. 272, No. 737.) Plate X

LUCILLA DENARIUS

ROME 164-180

27. LVCILLA AVGVSTA. Bust r., draped.

Rev. PVDICITIA. Pudicitia seated l., veiled, r. hand on breast.

(R.I.C., III, p. 276, No. 781.) Plate XI

COMMODUS DENARII

Rome 179

28. L AVREL COMMODVS AVG. Head r., laur., unbearded.

Rev. TRP IIII IMP III COS II PP. Victory seated l., holding patera and palm.

(R.I.C., III, p. 268, No. 666.) Plate XI 183, 4

29. M COMMODVS ANTON AVG PIVS.

Head r., laur., bearded.

Rev. TRP VIIII IMP VI COS IIII PP. Minerva advancing r., brandishing javelin and holding shield; at feet, owl.

(R.I.C., III, p. 374, No. 82.) Plate XI 186

30. M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT. Head r., laur.

Rev. PM TRP XI IMP VII COS V PP. Fortuna seated l., holding rudder on globe and cornucopiae; wheel under seat. FOR RED (in ex.).

(R.I.C., III, p. 380, No. 131.)

186-189

31. Same.

Rev. OPTIME MAXIME. Jupiter standing l., holding thunderbolt and scepter. CVPP (in ex.).

(R.I.C., III, p. 387, No. 192. Pl. XIV, 292 (rev.).)

190

32. M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT PP. Head r., laur.

Rev. LIB AVG PM TRP XV COS VI. Libertas standing l., holding pileus and rod.

(R.I.C., III, p. 389, No. 208.)

190, 1

33. Same.

Rev. ROM FEL PM TRP XVI COS VI. Roma seated l., holding Victory and spear.

(R.I.C., III, p. 391, No. 224.)

191

34. L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL. Head r., laur.

Rev. PM TRP XVII IMP VIII COS VI PP. Fides standing l., holding scepter and cornucopiae; star in field, r.

(R.I.C., III, p. 392, No. 234.)

192

35. Same.

Rev. PM TRP XVII IMP VIII COS VII PP. Pietas seated l., extending hand to child and holding transverse scepter; star in field, l.

(R.I.C., III, p. 393, No. 236. Pl. XV, 307 (rev.).)

191, 2

36. Same inscription. Head r., in lion's skin.

Rev. HERCVL ROMAN AVGV. Club in wreath.

(R.I.C., III, p. 395, No. 251.) Plate XI

37. Same inscription. Head r., laur.

Rev. SERAPIDI CONSERV AVG. Serapis, radiate, standing front, head l., holding branch and scepter.

(R.I.C., III, p. 397, No. 261. Pl. XV, 312 (rev.).)

PESCENNIUS NIGER DENARIUS

Antioch 193

38. IMP C PESC NIGER IVS AVG COS II. Head r., laur.

Rev. MONETAE AVG. Moneta standing l., with modius on her head, holding scales and cornucopiae.

(C. 3, p. 411, No. 55 has this obv., No. 56 has this rev.) Plate XI

SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS TETRADRACHMS

Antioch 202

39, 40. AϒT KAI CЄOϒHPOC CЄ. Bust r., laur., wearing paludamentum.

Rev. ΔΗΜΑΡΧ ЄΞ ϒΠATOC ΤΟΓ. Eagle, head l., between legs, star. [11.97, 11. 43 gm.]

(B.M.C., Galatia, etc., p. 193, No. 347. Pl. XXIII, 9 (obv.).) Plate XI

41, 42. Same inscription. Head r., laur.

Rev. Same. [12.25, 11.15 gm.]

(B.M.C., Galatia, etc., p. 193, No. 349.) Plate XII

DENARII

Antioch 193

43. IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I. Head r., laur.

Rev. FORTVN REDVC. Fortuna standing l., wearing modius and holding rudder and cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 22, No. 174.)

44, 45. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Fortuna standing l., wearing modius and holding palm and cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 22, No. 175.)

46. Same.

Rev. VIRT AVG TRP COS. Roma standing l., holding Victory and reversed spear.

(C. 4, p. 78, No. 752 has obv. without COS I.) Plate XI

47. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP I. Head r., laur.

Rev. INVICTO IMP. Trophy at foot of which spear and helmet to l., two spears and two shields to r.

(C. 4, p. 28, No. 230 has this obv., No. 232 has this rev.)

194

48. IMP CAE L SEPT SEV PERT AVG COS

II. Head r., laur.

Rev. BONAE SPEI. Spes l., holding flower and raising skirt.

(C. 4, p. 9, No. 61.) Plate XII

49. Same.

Rev. CERER FRVG. Ceres standing l., wearing modius, holding two ears of wheat and torch.

(C. 4, p. 10, No. 69.) Plate XII

50. Same.

Rev. FORTVNA REDVC. Fortuna standing l. before lighted altar holding patera and cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 24, No. 185.)

51. Same.

Rev. FORTVN REDVC. Fortuna standing l., wearing modius and holding rudder and cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 22, No. 174, has this rev., No. 177 has this obv.) Plate XII

52, 53. Same.

Rev. INVICTO IMP. Trophy at foot of which spear and helmet to l., two spears and two shields to r.

(C. 4, p. 28, No. 232.)

54. 1 Same.

Rev. LEG XIIII GEM M V. Legionary eagle, with collar around the neck, between two standards. TRP COS (in ex.). Broken.

(C. 4, p. 32, No. 274.)

55. IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II.

Rev. MARTI VICTOR. Mars nude walking r., carrying spear and trophy.

(C. 4, p. 37, No. 324, has on obv. CA for CAE; PER for PERT and on rev. MART for MARTI (only the bottom of the I is here preserved).) Plate XII

56-58. Same.

Rev. MONET AVG. Moneta standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 37, No. 330.) Plate XII

59. Same.

Rev. MONETA II AVG. Moneta wearing modius seated l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 39, No. 346.) Plate XIII

60. Same.

Rev. SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI. Severus on horseback 1.

(C. 4, p. 68, No. 652.) Plate XIII

61. Same.

Rev. SAECVLI FELICIT. Crescent and seven stars.

(C. 4, p. 66, No. 628.) Plate XIII

62. Same.

Rev. VICT AVG. Victory l., holding wreath and palm.

(C. 4, p. 70, No. 675 has on obv. VC (sic) for AVG.)

63. Same.

Rev. VIRT AVG TRP II COS II PP. Roma standing l., holding Victory and reversed spear.

(C. 4, p. 78, No. 755 has this rev. with obv. IMP III.)

64. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP IIII. Head r., laur.

Rev. PM TRP II COS II PP. Pallas standing l., holding shield and transverse spear.

(C. 4, p. 42, No. 381.)

194, 195

65. IMP CAEL SEPT SEV PERT AVG. Head r., laur.

Rev. APOLLINI AVGVSTO. Apollo l., holding patera and lyre.

(C. 4, p. 47, No. 43.) Plate XIII

195

66. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII. Head r., laur.

Rev. ARAB ADIAB COS II PP. Victory l., with wreath and palm.

(C. 4, p. 8, No. 50.)

196

67. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII. Head r., laur.

Rev. VICTOR AVG. Victory walking l., holding branch.

(C. 4, p. 73, No. 699 has Victory holding wreath and palm.) Plate XIII

198

68. L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX. Head r., laur.

Rev. MONETA AVG. Moneta seated l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 39, No. 345.) Plate XIII

69. Same.

Rev. AEQVITATI AVGG. Aequitas standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 6, No. 21.)

70. Same.

Rev. COS II PP. Victory l., holding wreath and palm.

(C. 4, p. 13, No. 100 has COS III.) Plate XIII

71. Same.

Rev. VICT PARTHICAE. Victory l., holding wreath and trophy, at her feet, Parthian seated.

(C. 4, p. 77, No. 741.) Plate XIII

72. Same.

Rev. VICTORIAE AVGG FEL. Victory flying l., with diadem on both sides; before her, shield on column lying on its side.

(C. 4, p. 75, No. 719.) Plate XIII

73. L SEP SEVERVS PER AVG PM IMP XI. Head r., laur.

Rev. VICT AVGG COS II PP. Victory l., with wreath and palm.

(C. 4, p. 72, No. 695.)

Rome 194

74. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II. Head r., laur.

Rev. MART VICTOR. Mars walking r., holding spear and trophy.

(C. 4, p. 37, No. 323.)

75. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP III. Head r., laur.

Rev. LIBERO PATRI. Bacchus nude standing l., panther skin behind him, holding jug and thyrsus; at his feet, panther.

(C. 4, p. 34, No. 301.) Plate XIV

196

76. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII. Head r., laur.

Rev. ADVENTVI AVG FELICISSIMO. Severus on horseback r., raising r. hand.

(C. 4, p. 4, No. 6.) Plate XIV

77. Same.

Rev. INDVLGENTIA AVG. Indulgentia seated l., with patera and scepter.

(C. 4, p. 26, No. 216.)

78. Same.

Rev. MVNIFICENTIA AVG. Elephant r. (C. 4, p. 39, No. 348.)

79, 80. Same.

Rev. PM TRP IIII COS II PP. Pax seated l., holding olive branch and scepter.

(C. 4, p. 46, No. 429.)

81, 82. Same.

Rev. VOTA PVBLICA. Severus veiled standing l., sacrificing over burning altar.

(C. 4, p. 80, No. 777.)

197

83–85. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII. Head r., laur.

Rev. PM TRP V COS II PP. Fortuna standing l., holding rudder on globe and cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 47, No. 442.)

86. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Genius standing l. by lighted altar, sacrificing with l. hand from patera and holding corn ears.

(C. 4, p. 46, No. 437.)

87. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Sol, radiate, standing l., raising r. hand and holding whip.

(C. 4, p. 46, No. 433.) Plate XIV

88. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP X. Head r., laur.

Rev. LIBERO PATRI. Bacchus nude l., crowning himself and holding thyrsus; at his feet, panther.

(C. 4, p. 35, No. 305.) Plate XIV

89. Same.

Rev. MARTI PACIFERO. Mars standing l., foot on cuirass, holding olive branch and reversed spear.

(C. 4, p. 36, No. 315.)

90-94. Same.

Rev. PACI AETERNAE. Pax seated l., holding olive branch and scepter.

(C. 4, p. 40, No. 357.)

95. Same.

Rev. SALVTI AVGG. Salus seated l., feeding from patera snake around altar.

(C. 4, p. 67, No. 641.)

96. Same.

Rev. Same, but back of throne is formed by two cornucopiae. Plate XIV

97. Same.

Rev. VICT AVGG COS II PP. Victory l., with wreath and palm.

(C. 4, p. 72, No. 694.) Plate XIV

198-201

98. SEVERVS PIVS AVG. Head r., laur.

Rev. FVNDATOR PACIS. Severus veiled standing l., holding olive branch and book.

(C. 4, p. 25, No. 205.) Plate XIV

99. SEVERVS AVG PART MAX. Head r., laur.

Rev. Same.

(C. 4, p. 25, No. 203.) Plate XIV

100. Same.

Rev. VIRT AVGG. Roma, helmeted, standing l., holding Victory and leaning on shield and spear.

(C. 4, p. 79, No. 761.)

200

101, 102. Same.

Rev. PM TRP VIII COS II PP. Victory flying l. with diadem in both hands; before her, shield on column lying on its side.

(C. 4, p. 48, No. 457.) Plate XV

201

103. SEVERVS PIVS AVG. Head r., laur.

Rev. VICTORIAE AVGG. Victory in a biga galloping r.

(C. 4, p. 74, No. 713.) Plate XV

104. Same.

Rev. LIBERALITAS AVG. Liberalitas standing l., holding tessera and cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 33, No. 292.)

210

105. SEVERVS PIVS AVG. Head r., laur.

Rev. PMTRPXVIIICOSIII PP. Between the infants Caracalla and Geta, Jupiter standing l., his mantle behind him, holding thunderbolt and scepter.

(C. 4, p. 57, No. 539.) Plate XV

211

106. SEVERVS PIVS AVG BRIT. Head r., laur.

Rev. PM TRP XIX COS III PP. Same type.

(C. gives this type only for 209, 210 and 211.) Plate XV

Uncertain date

107. L SEP SEV PERT A[VG. Head r., laur.

Rev. LIBER —. Liberalitas standing l. with tessera and cornucopiae.

108. IMP CAE L SEP SE PER. Head r., laur.

Rev. MONETA. Moneta standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

End Notes
1 This may be Rome.

JULIA DOMNA

Antioch 193-196

109. IVLIA DOMNA AVG. Bust r., draped

Rev. LIBERAL AVG. Liberalitas standing l., holding tessera and cornucopia.

(C. 4, p. 114, No. 103.)

110. Same.

Rev. VENER VICTOR. Venus standing l., r. hand raised, holding scepter with l. Plate XV

196

111. Same.

Rev. VENERI VICTR. Venus, half nude, r., holding palm and apple and leaning with l. elbow on column. (C. 4, p. 121, No. 194.) Plate XV

Rome 196

112. Same.

Rev. Same. (Perhaps Antioch.) Plate XV

196-211

113. IVLIA AVGVSTA. Bust r., draped.

Rev. CERERI FRVGIF. Ceres seated l., holding corn ears and torch.

(C. 4, p. 107, No. 14.) Plate XV

114. Same.

Rev. DIANA LVCIFERA. Diana standing l., crescent behind neck, holding torch in both hands.

(C. 4, p. 108, No. 27.)

115. Same.

Rev. HILÁRITAS. Hilaritas standing l., holding long palm and cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 112, No. 72.)

116. Same.

Rev. IVNO. Juno standing l., holding long palm and cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 113, No. 82.) Perhaps Antioch. Plate XV

117. Same.

Rev. IVNO REGINA. Juno standing l., veiled, holding patera and scepter: at her feet, peacock.

(C. 4, p. 113, No. 97.)

118, 119. Same.

Rev. MATER DEVM. Cybele, turreted, seated l. between two lions, holding branch and scepter, her l. elbow resting on tympanum.

(C. 4, p. 115, No. 123.) Plate XVI

120. Same.

Rev. PIETAS PVBLICA. Pietas, veiled, standing l. before flaming altar, raising both hands.

(C. 4, p. 118, No. 156.)

121. Same.

Rev. PVDICITIA. Pudicitia seated l., r. hand on her breast.

(C. 4, p. 119, No. 168.) Perhaps Antioch. Plate XVI

122. Same.

Rev. SAECVLI FELICITAS. Isis standing r., her foot on prow, nourishing Horus; behind her an altar with a rudder against it.

(C. 4, p. 119, No. 174.)

123. Same.

Rev. VENERI GENETRICI. Venus standing l., with patera and scepter.

(C. 4, p. 121, No. 185.) Plate XVI

124-126. Same.

Rev. VENVS FELIX. Venus standing half l. holding apple and drawing robe from shoulder.

(C. 4, p. 122, No. 198.) Plate XVI

127. Same.

Rev. VESTAE SANCTAE. Vesta standing l., holding patera and scepter.

(C. 4, p. 126, No. 246.) Plate XVI

198-217

128. IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG. Bust r., draped.

Rev. DIANA LVCIFERA. Diana standing l., holding torch in both hands.

(C. 4, p. 108, No. 32.)

211, 212

129. Same.

Rev. MAT AVGG MAT SEN M PATR. Julia seated l., holding corn ears and scepter. Broken.

(C. 4, p. 114, No. 111.) Plate XVI

CARACALLA TETRADRACHMS

Antioch 208

130-133. AϒT KAI ANTΩNЄINOC CЄ B. Head r., laur.

Rev. ΔΗΜΑΡΧЄΞΤΠΑϒΟΓ TOC TO Γ. Eagle on leg and thigh of animal; head r. [13.68, 12.9, 10.42, 10.37 gm.]

(B.M.C., Galatia, etc., p. 194, No. 359 has ϒΠΑΤΟ Γ.) Plate XVI

134-137. AϒT KAI ANTΩNЄINOC CЄ. Bust r., laur., wearing paludamentum.

Rev. Same inscription. Eagle, head 1.; between legs, star. [12.82, 10.85, 10.77, 10.37 gm.]

(B.M.C.y Galatia, etc., p. 194, No. 360 has TIIATOC Γ.) Plate XVI

138. AϒT KAI ANTΩNЄINOC CЄ B. Head r., laur.

Rev. Same inscription. Eagle, head r.; to l. and r., stars. [10.98 gm.] Plate XVII

213

139. AϒT KMA ANTΩNЄINOC CЄB. Head r., laur.

Rev. ΔΗΜΑΡΧЄΞϒΠΑΤΟ Δ. Eagle, head r. on leg and thigh of animal. [7.85 gm. badly corroded.]

(B.M.C., Galatia, etc., p. 195, No. 361 has Eagle, head 1.)

140. Same.

Rev. ΔΗΜΑΡΧЄΞϒΠΑTOC TO Δ. Eagle, head l., between legs, star. [8.65 gm.]

(B.M.C., Galatia, etc., p. 195, No. 364.) Plate XVII

141, 142. Same.

Rev. ΔΗΜΑΡΧЄΞϒΠΑΤΟ Δ. Eagle on thunderbolt, head r. [10.42, 7.5 gm. both badly corroded.]

Beroea 213

143. AϒTK MAϒ ΑΝΤΩΝЄΙΝΟC CЄB. Bust r., laur., in cuirass and paludamentum.

Rev. ΔΗΜΑΡΧЄΞϒΠΑTOC TO Δ. Eagle, head 1.; between legs BЄ and fantastic bird. [7.25 gm.] Plate XVII

Tyre 208

144. AϒT KAI ANTWNINOC CЄ. Head r., laur.

Rev. ΔΗΜΑΡΧЄΞϒΠΑTOC TO Γ. Eagle on club (handle to 1.) head 1.; between legs, murex shell. [11.6 gm.]

(B.M.C., Phoenicia, p. 304, No. 36, Pl. XXXVII, 3.) Plate XVII

Uncertain Mint 213

145. AϒTK MAϒ ΑΝΤΩΝЄΙΝΟC CЄB. Head r., laur.

Rev. ΔΗΜΑΡΧЄΞϒΠΑTOC TO Δ. Eagle, head l., on torch entwined by serpent. [8.07 gm. badly corroded.]

(B.M.C., Galatia, etc., p. 197, No. 378. Cf. Dura Hoard I, Nos. 17, 18.)

DENARII

Antioch 197

146. M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF. Young bust r., bare, draped.

Rev. SECVRITAS PERPETVA. Pallas standing l., leaning on shield and holding reversed spear.

(C. 4, p. 202, No. 566.) Plate XVII

198

147. IMP CAE M AVR ANT AVG P TRP. Young bust r., draped, laur.

Rev. SPES PVBLICA. Spes walking l., holding flower and lifting skirt.

(C. 4, p. 205, No. 599.) Plate XVIII

210

148. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT. Head, bearded, r., laur.

Rev. MARTI PROPVGANATORI (Sic). Mars rushing l., holding spear and trophy. Plate XVII

149. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG. Head bearded, r., laur.

Rev. VICTORIAE BRIT. Victory walking r., holding trophy in both hands.

(C. 4, p. 209, No. 629 has obv. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT.)

Plate XVIII

Rome 196, 7

150. M AVR ANTONINVS CAES. Young bust r., bare, draped.

Rev. SECVRITAS PERPETVA. Pallas standing l. leaning on shield and holding reversed spear.

(C. 4, p. 202, No. 562.) Plate XVIII

197

151. M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF. Young bust r., bare, draped.

Rev. DESTINATO IMPERATORE. Lituus, cap, bucranium and sprinkler.

(C. 4, p. 147, No. 53.) Plate XVIII

152, 153. Same.

Rev. SAECVLI FELICITAS. Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus.

(C. 4, p. 201, No. 557, a defective specimen.) Plate XVIII

154, 155. Same.

Rev. SECVRITAS PERPETVA. Pallas standing l., leaning on shield and holding reversed spear.

(C. 4, p. 202, No. 566.) Plate XVIII

200

156. ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS. Young bust r., draped, laur.

Rev. PONTIF TRP III. Sol (?) standing l., holding globe and reversed spear.

(C. 4, p. 186, No. 413.) Plate XVIII

201

157. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG. Young bust r., draped, laur.

Rev. PART MAX PONT TRP IIII. Trophy between two captives seated on the ground.

(C. 4, p. 162, No. 175.)

201-204

158, 159. Same.

Rev. FELICITAS AVGG. Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus and cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 148, No. 64.) No. 158 is perhaps from Antioch. Plates XVIII and XIX

160. Same.

Rev. VIRTVS AVGG. Mars standing l., holding Victory and reversed spear. (C. 4, p. 212, No. 667.)

161. Same.

Rev. INDVLGENTIA AVGG. Goddess of Carthage, holding thunderbolt and scepter seated on lion leaping r., behind, rock from which water issues. IN CARTH (in ex.).

(C. 4, p. 153, No. 97.) Plate XIX

203

162. Same.

Rev. IIII LIBERALITAS AVGG. Liberalitas standing l. with tessera and cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 156, No. 122.) Plate XIX

206

163. Same.

Rev. PONTIF TRP VIIII COS II. Mars standing l., leaning on shield and holding spear.

(C. 4, p. 187, No. 424.)

210

164. Same inscription. Head, bearded, r., laur.

Rev. PONTIF TRP XIII COS III. Concordia seated l. beside altar, holding cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 194, No. 485 has obv. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT.) Plate XIX

165. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT. Head, bearded, r., laur.

Rev. MARTI PROPVGNATORI. Mars rushing l., holding spear and trophy. (C. 4, p. 160, No. 150.) Plate XIX

166. Same.

Rev. MONETA AVG. Moneta standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae. (C. 4, p. 161, No. 165.)

212

167. Same.

Rev. PM TRP XV COS III PP. Salus seated l., holding cornucopiae and feeding snake around altar.

(C. 4, p. 166, No. 206.) Plate XIX

168. Same.

Rev. PM TRP XVI COS IIII PP. Hercules, nude, standing l., holding olive branch and club with lion's skin.

(C. 4, p. 165, No. 196.) Plate XIX

PLAUTILLA DENARII

Rome 202-212

169. PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE. Bust r., draped.

Rev. CONCORDIAE. Concordia seated l., holding patera and cornucopiae. (C. 4, p. 247, No. 6.)

170. Same.

Rev. CONCORDIAE AETERNAE. Plautilla r., giving her hand to Caracalla 1.

(C. 4, p. 247, No. 10.) Plate XIX

GETA TETRADRACHMS

Antioch 208

171, 172. AϒT KAI ΓЄTAC CЄ. Bust r., laur., in cuirass and paludamentum.

Rev. ΔΗΜΑΡΧЄΞΠΑTOC TO B. Eagle, head l.; between legs, star. [11.2, 11. 15 gm.] Plate XX

173. AϒT KAI ΓЄTAC CЄΒ. Head r., laur.

Rev. ΔΗΜΑΡΧЄΞϒΠΑTOC TO Β. Eagle, head r., to l. and r. stars. [9.47 gm.] Plate XX

Tyre 208

174, 175. Same.

Rev. Same inscription. Eagle on club (handle to 1.) head r.; between legs, murex shell. [13.0, 9.08 gm.]

(B.M.C., Phoenicia, p. 305, No. 42 has obv. bust r.) Plate XX

DENARII

Rome 198-209

176. L SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES. Bust r., bare.

Rev. FELICITAS TEMPOR. Felicitas standing l. with caduceus and cornucopiae.

(C. 4, p. 258, No. 44.) Perhaps Antioch, C. says "Fabrique orientale." Plate XX

177. P SEPT GETA CAES PONT. Bust r., bare.

Rev. PRINC IVVENTVTIS. Geta l., holding branch and spear, behind him trophy with shield at its base. (C. 4, p. 270, No. 157.) Plate XX

208

178. P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES. Bust r., bare, draped.

Rev. PONTIF COS II. Geta standing l., holding globe and parazonium. Broken.

(C. 4, p. 265, No. 117.)

MACRINUS TETRADRACHMS

Antioch 218

179. AϒT K MOΠCЄ MAKPINOC CЄB. Bust r., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

Rev. ΔΗΜΑΡΧЄΞϒΠΑΤΟ. Eagle on leg and thigh, head r., in field, to l. and r. Δ@. [10.85 gm.]

(B.M.C., Galatia, etc., p. 199, No. 393 has a variant of the obv. inscription.) Plate XX

Aradus 218

180. AϒT M O CЄ MAKPINOC CЄB. Bust r., draped, laur.

Rev. Same inscription. Eagle head r., between legs head of humped bull. [6.25 gm. badly corroded.]

(Dura, Hoard I, No. 8.)

Mopsus 218

181. AϒT ΜΟΠ CЄ MAKPINOC CЄB. Bust r., draped, laur.

Rev. Same inscription. Eagle head l., between legs, altar. [8.75 gm. badly corroded.]

(B.M.C., Galatia, etc., p. 199, No. 397 has variants of the inscriptions. Dura, Hoard I, No. 14.)

End Notes

1 The two hoards unearthed in the Campaign of 1928–29 have already been published in this series. (Two Roman Hoards from Dura-Europos , Numismatic Notes and Monographs No. 49, 1931.)
2 Mr. Mattingly has been good enough to read the MS and has given me the benefit of many valuable suggestions.
3 Mattingly believes that these were all struck under Caracalla.

BACK

COMBINED SUMMARY

DENARII TETRADRACHMS
Rome Antioch Ant. Other Mints Tot.
Nero 1 1
Galba 2 2
Vitellius 2 (Lugdunum 1) 3
Vespasian 26 26
Titus 1 1
Domitian 6 6
Nerva 1 1
Trajan 52 (Tridrachm, Caesarea 1) 53
Hadrian 38 38
L. Aelius 1 1
Sabina 6 6
Pius 30 30
Faustina Sr. 20 20
M. Aurelius 12 1 13
Faustina Jr 14 14
L. Verus 1 1
Lucilla 3 3
Commodus 14 14
Niger 1 1
Severus 37 55 5 97
Julia 18 4 22
Caracalla 20 4 13 Beroea 1
Tyre 1
Uncertain 1 40
Plautilla 2 2
Geta 3 3 Tyre 2 8
Macrinus 1 Aradus 1
Mopsus 1 3
Diadumenianus Tyre 1 1
310 65 23 8 407
(including 1 Lugdunum (plus 1 Tridrachm)

DURA H'D III

PL. I

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DURA H'D III

PL. II

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DURA H'D III

PL. III

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DURA H'D III

PL. IV

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DURA H'D III

PL. V

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DURA H'D III

PL. VI

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DURA H'D III

PL. VII

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DURA H'D III

PL. VIII

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DURA H'D IV

PL. IX

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DURA H'D IV

PL. X

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DURA H'D IV

PL. XI

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DURA H'D IV

PL. XII

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DURA H'D IV

PL. XIII

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DURA H'D IV

PL. XIV

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DURA H'D IV

PL. XV

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DURA H'D IV

PL. XVI

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DURA H'D IV

PL. XVII

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DURA H'D IV

PL. XVIII

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DURA H'D IV

PL. XIX

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DURA H'D IV

PL. XX

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Numismatic Notes and Monographs

  • Sydney P. Noe. Coin Hoards. 1921. 47 pp. 6 pls. 50c.
  • Agnes Baldwin. Five Roman Gold Medallions. 1921. 103 pp. 8 pls. $1.50.
  • Sydney P. Noe. Medallic Work of A. A. Weinman. 1921. 31 pp. 17 pls. $1.00.
  • Gilbert S. Perez. The Mint of the Philippine Islands. 1921. 8 pp. 4 pls. 50c.
  • David Eugene Smith, LL.D. Computing Jetons. 1921. 70 pp. 25 pls. $1.50.
  • Edward T. Newell. The First Seleucid Coinage of Tyre. 1921. 40 pp. 8 pls. $1.00.
  • Howland Wood. Gold Dollars of 1858. 1922. 7 pp. 2 pls. 50c.
  • R. B. Whitehead. Pre-Mohammedan Coinage of N. W. India. 1922. 56 pp. 15 pls. $2.00.
  • George F. Hill. Attambelos I of Characene. 1922. 12 pp. 3 pls. $1.00.
  • M. P. Vlasto. Taras Oikistes (A Contribution to Tarentine Numismatics). 234 pp. 13 pls. $3.50.
  • Agnes Baldwin. Six Roman Bronze Medallions. 1923. 39 pp. 6 pls. $1.50.
  • Howland Wood. Tegucigalpa Coinage of 1823. 1923. 16 pp. 2 pls. 50c.
  • Edward T. Newell. Alexander Hoards—II. Demanhur Hoard. 1923. 162 pp. 8 pls. $2.50.
  • Harrold E. Gillingham. Italian Orders of Chivalry and Medals of Honour. 146 pp. 34 pls. $2.00.
  • Edward T. Newell. Alexander Hoards—III. Andritsaena. 1924. 39 pp. 6 pls. $1.00.
  • C. T. Seltman. A Hoard from Side. 1924. 20 pp. 3 pls. $1.00.
  • R. B. Seager. A Cretan Coin Hoard. 1924. 55 pp. 12 pls. $2.00.
  • Samuel R. Milbank. The Coinage of Aegina. 1925. 66 pp. 5 pls. $2.00.
  • Sydney P. Noe. A Bibliography of Greek Coin Hoards. 1925. 275 pp. $2.50.
  • Edward T. Newell. Mithradates of Parthia and Hyspaosines of Characene. 18 pp. 2 pls. 50c.
  • Sydney P. Noe. The Mende (Kaliandra) Hoard. 1926. 73 pp. 10 pls. $2.00.
  • Agnes Baldwin. Four Medallions from the Arras Hoard. 1926. 36 pp. 4 pls. $1.50.
  • H. Alexander Parsons. The Earliest Coins of Norway. 1926. 41 pp. 50c.
  • Edward T. Newell. Some Unpublished Coins of Eastern Dynasts. 1926. 21 pp. 2 pls. 50c.
  • Harrold E. Gillingham. Spanish Orders of Chivalry and Decorations of Honour. 1926. 165 pp. 40 pls. $3.00.
  • Sydney P. Noe. The Coinage of Metapontum. 1927 (Part I). 134 pp. 23 pls. $3.00.
  • Edward T. Newell. Two Recent Egyptian Hoards—Delta and Keneh. 34 pp. 3 pls. $1.00.
  • Edward Rogers. The Second and Third Seleucid Coinage of Tyre. 1927. 33 pp. 4 pls. $1.50.
  • Alfred R. Bellinger. The Anonymous Byzantine Bronze Coinage. 1928. 27 pp. 4 pls. $1.50.
  • Harrold E. Gillingham. Notes on the Decorations and Medals of the French Colonies and Protectorates. 1928. 62 pp. 31 pls. $2.00.
  • Oscar Ravel. The "Colts" of Ambracia. 1928. 180 pp. 19 pls. $3.00.
  • Howland Wood. The Coinage of the Mexican Revolutionists. 1928. 53 pp. 15 pls. $2.50.
  • Edward T. Newell. Alexander Hoards. IV. Olympia. 1929. 31 pp. 9 plates. $1.50.
  • Alien B. West. Fifth-Fourth Century Gold Coins from Thracian Coast. 1929. 183 pp. 16 pls. $3.00.
  • Gilbert S. Perez. The Leper Colony Currency of Culion. 1929. 10 pp. 3 pls. 50c.
  • Alfred R. Bellinger. Two Hoards of Attic Bronze Coins. 1930. 14 pp. 4 pls. 50c.
  • D. H. Cox. The Caparelli Hoard. 1930. 14 pp. 2 pls. 50c.
  • Geo. F. Hill. On the Coins of Narbonensis with Iberian Inscriptions. 1930. 39 pp. 6 pls. $1.00.
  • Bauman L. Belden. A Mint in New York. 1930. 40 pp. 4 pls. 50c.
  • Edward T. Newell. The Küchük Köhne Hoard. 1931. 33 pp. 4 pls. $1.00.
  • Sydney P. Noe. The Coinage of Metapontum. Part II. 1931. 134 pp. 43 pls. $3.00.
  • D. W. Valentine. The United States Half Dimes. 1931. 79 pp. 47 pls. $5.00.
  • Alfred R. Bellinger. Two Roman Hoards from Dura-Europos. 1931. 66 pp. 17 $1.50.
  • George F. Hill. Notes on the Ancient Coinage of Hispania Citerior. 196 pp. 36 36 plates $4.00.
  • Alan W. Hazelton. The Russian Imperial Orders. 932. 102 pp. 20 plates. $3.00