Endicott Gift of Greek and Roman Coins, Including the "Catacombs" Hoard

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Mosser, Sawyer McArthur
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Numismatic Notes and Monographs
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American Numismatic Society
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New York
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THE ENDICOTT GIFT OF GREEK AND ROMAN COINS

By Sawyer McA. Mosser

FOREWORD

The F. Munroe Endicott Collection of Greek and Roman Coins was received by the American Numismatic Society in 1935 as the generous gift of Mrs. George Endicott and her son, De Witt Endicott. Because of the general excellence of the collection and the presence in it of outstanding coins and of selections from several hoards, it was felt that it merited a publication of its more important and representative pieces. Thus, publication is here made of the Greek coins, exclusive of the Alexandrian, of a cross-section of the Severan pieces from the "Catacombs" Hoard, and of the more interesting of the other Roman coins. In his work of cataloging the collection and preparing it for the trays of the Society's cabinet, the compiler was constantly dependent on the advice and help of the Society's late President, Mr. Edward T. Newell, who also assisted in selection of the pieces to be included in the present paper.

The quality and condition of the 427 Greek and 714 Roman pieces in the collection reflect its collector's rare discrimination and artistic taste as well as his appreciation of the historical importance of ancient coins. Its formation covered a period of over twenty-five years. Mr. Endicott's interest in coins was first aroused as a young secretary of the United States Legation at Cairo, Egypt, by the finding at Demanhur of the greatest hoard of silver coins of Alexander the Great as yet unearthed. In friendly competition with a young secretary in the British foreign service, Ronald Storrs—later to become governor of Jerusalem and governor of Cyprus—he sought out Alexander pieces from the famous find. The finest and rarest specimens were secured by the two young enthusiasts. Later, large sections of both lots passed into the collection of Mr. Edward T. Newell, whose publications on the Demanhur Hoard 1 are the basis of our modern scientific assignment of Alexander tetradrachms to their various mints. Thirty-five pieces from the hoard (Nos. 18–52 below) remained in the Endicott Collection.

Most outstanding of the Alexander pieces in the collection is a tetradrachm (No. 40 below and illustrated in enlarged size as the frontispiece) of the regular type bearing the name of Alexander on the reverse. This piece, like many others with Alexander's name, was issued after his death. In a close examination of the coin Mr. Endicott discovered a most unusual feature, the presence of the minute letters NIKOKΛEOYΣ on the right-hand row of locks running from the ear to the jaw of the lion's-skin head-dress of Heracles on the obverse. In holding the coin so that the Heracles head faces downwards, the letters NI are to be found on the first lock to the left, KO on the next lock to the right, KΛ on the third, EO on the fourth, and YΣ on the fifth and last lock immediately adjacent to the lion's ear. The discovery of the lettering was communicated to Mr. Newell and permission given him to publish the coin.2 In an earlier article3 Mr. Newell had already assigned such pieces bearing the monogram figure on the reverse to the mint of Paphos on the island of Cyprus. The presence of the name Nicocles, one of the princes of Paphos, on this specimen furnished corroboration of the mint attribution. The Endicott piece bears evidence that Nicocles was ambitious, as this is the first instance of any ruler except Alexander himself and his immediate successor Philip III placing his own name on the coinage of the Alexander type. It was not until fully fifteen years later that such powerful kings as Seleucus, Lysimachus, Ptolemy or Demetrius dared or found it advisable to do the same. At first, Nicocles did not have the courage to issue coins with a change from the type which Alexander had established or to substitute his name for that of Alexander. On this piece, however, without changing the types, and leaving Alexander's name on the reverse, he authorized his mint-master to place his name in minute letters on the locks of the lion's pelt which covers the head of Heracles on the obverse. Nicocles of Paphos was allied with Ptolemy I, King of Egypt, when, after the death of Alexander, the kingdom was divided among his followers. According to historians, Nicocles made overtures to one of Ptolemy's rivals who disputed Ptolemy's claim to Cyprus, and Ptolemy made an example of Nicocles when he learned of the intrigue. Emissaries of the Egyptian overlord appeared before the palace of Nicocles and informed him that his faithlessness had been discovered. Nicocles, therefore, committed suicide as did his wife and other members of his family. On only one other type does the name of Nicocles appear and of this type only two specimens are known to exist, one of which is suspect. This type bears on its obverse a head of Aphrodite, wearing a tall stephanos, and surrounded by battlements; and on the reverse, Apollo seated on the omphalos, holding arrow and bow, with NIKOKΛEOYΣ ΠAΦION in the left field. These coins (the genuine in the Turin Library and the suspect in Florence) are discussed by G. F. Hill in B. M. C., Cyprus , p. lxxix, Pl. XXII, 10–11.

When varieties found at Demanhur had become exhausted Mr. Endicott turned to other series to be found in Egypt, the Ptolemaic (Nos. 67–100) and the Alexandrian. Among the 327 Alexandrian issues there are instances of variations from already published types. The most interesting of these will be found below (Nos. 101–109). Noteworthy is the large bronze of Antoninus Pius with the unusual reverse type showing a bust of Sarapis above the model of a human foot. Interesting also is the Egyptian lead token (No. 110) bearing types similar in subject and style to the regular Alexandrian coinage.

On leaving Egypt, Mr. Endicott began to acquire choice specimens of other Greek series, especially of Italy and Sicily (Nos. 1–16), as well as exceptionally fine Roman portrait pieces—always confining himself to well preserved examples. From the Roman series the most interesting pieces have been selected for description and illustration. The collection is particularly rich in the silver coinage of the emperors of the Severan family due to the acquisitions of Mr. Endicott from the so-called "Catacombs" Hoard. A representative selection from this series has been included (Nos. 123–161). The known facts concerning the hoard from which the bulk of them come are as follows.

End Notes

1 "Reattribution of Certain Tetradrachms of Alexander the Great," American Journal of Numismatics, XLV–XLVI (1911–12); Alexander Hoards—II. Demanhur Hoard (Numismatic Notes and Monographs No. 19). 1923.
2 "Nikokles, King of Paphos," Num. Chron., 4th Ser., Vol. XIX, 1919, pp. 64–5. This piece is also referred to in Mr. Newell's monograph on the Demanhur Hoard, op. cit., p. 108.
3 "Some Cypriote Alexanders," Num. Chron., 4th Ser., Vol. XV, 1915, pp. 319–20.

THE "CATACOMBS" HOARD

In a carefully posted account book Mr. Endicott noted additions to and withdrawals from his collection. This account book, now in possession of the American Numismatic Society, throws many interesting sidelights on his coins with its information on costs and notations of pedigree. It is from this book and other notes among his papers that we learn that a large portion of his Roman coins came from a hoard.

Eight entries headed "Catacombs" Hoard were made by Mr. Endicott to cover purchases of denarii and antoniniani from Shelley W. Denton and Charles Bell, both of the environs of Boston. The first of these entries was dated Dec. 18, 1922, and the last Nov. 11, 1924. A total of 399 denarii and 95 antoniniani was purchased in these eight lots. Mr. Endicott disposed of duplicates—179 denarii and 51 antoniniani. There is no evidence that Mr. Endicott acquired the entire hoard but it appears on the basis of the coins listed that at least a representative section passed into his hands. From the account book it has been possible to reconstruct the portion of the hoard purchased and, in most instances, to identify the pieces therefrom still in the collection.

The earliest pieces of the hoard were of M. Aurelius and Commodus, each of whom was represented by one denarius. Severus Alexander was well represented with eighty-four denarii and the latest coins were the forty-four denarii and seventy-four antoniniani of Gordian III. Only pieces of Septimius Severus show signs of wear; most of the others are in practically mint state. Excepting for two denarii of Septimius Severus, one of Julia Domna, and one of Geta from Laodicea, all coins remaining in the collection were struck at Rome. This circumstance lends credence to the suggestion of Mr. Endicott's entry "Catacombs" Hoard, that the hoard was found in one of the catacombs of Rome.

A summary of the hoard follows; numerals in italics indicate pieces no longer in the collection.

Denarii Antoniniani Total
M. Aurelius 1
Commodus 1
Sept. Severus 15 + 6
Julia Domna 7 + 9 1
Caracalla 22 + 14 5
Plautilla 2 + 1
Geta 5 + 7
Macrinus 6 + 1
Diadumenianus 1
Elagabalus 20 + 10 3
Julia Soaemias 3 + 2
Julia Maesa 4 + 2
Julia Paula 1 + 1
Aquilia Severa 1
Severus Alexander 51 + 33
Orbiana 1
Julia Mamaea 12 + 4
Maximinus 35 + 35
Maximus 1
Paulina 2 + 1
Gordian I 1
Balbinus 7 + 1
Pupienus 11 + 16 1
Gordian III 12 + 34 34 + 51
220 + 179 44 + 51 494

The following table gives a complete listing of the pieces from the hoard purchased by Mr. Endicott. In the first column will be found for each variety a reference to Mattingly and Sydenham's Roman Imperial Coinage; in the second column, corresponding references to Cohen's Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'empire romaine; in the third, the number of pieces remaining in the collection when received by the American Numismatic Society; in the fourth, the number disposed of by Mr. Endicott; and in the fifth, the totals for each variety. Numerals in italics indicate antoniniani; all others refer to denarii.

M. & S. Cohen Endicott Sold Total
M. Aurelius 48–52 516–20 1 1
Commodus 168 542 1 1
Sept. Severus 78a 188 1 1
122c? 21? 1 1
144b 719 1 1
150 454 1 1
166 586 1 1
167a? 599? 2 2
176 370 1 1
201 475 1 1
207 493 1 1
211 489 1 1
220 565 1 1
226 525 1 1
228 529 1 1
266 222 1 1
277 296 1 1
288 606 1 1
295 744 1 1
308 791 1 1
497a 642 1 1
497b 642 var. 1 1
Julia Domna 373A 32 1 1
382 137 1 1
388c 212 1 1
389b 205 1 1
390c 230 1 1
546 14 1 1
551 47 1 1
552 55 1 1
553 58 1 1
559 82 1 1
564 123 1 2 3
572 150 1 1
574 156 1 1 2
575 170 1 1
Caracalla 34? 61? 1 1
30a 413 1 1
81? 421? 1 1
Caracalla 82 422 1 1
83 424 1 1
88 431 1 1
95 440 1 1
112 464 1 1
117 477 1 1
141 646 var. 1 1
149 667 1 1
158 128 1 1
189 84 1 1
192 196 1 1
194 195 1 1
195 205 1 1
196 206 1 1
206 220 1 1
209a 224 1 1
222 149 1 1
223 150 1 1 2
238a 242 1 2 3
240 239 1 1
251 302 var. 1 1
258a 279 var. 1 1
260b 277 2 2
267 316 1 1
280e 349 1 1
281a 358 1 1
302 139 1 1 2
307 152 1 1
311b 606 1 1
311c 608 1 1
351 572 1 1
281b 359 1 1 2
Plautilla 363a 1 1 1
369 25 1 1 2
Geta 9a 38b 1 1
13a 90 1 1 2
20b 183 2 2
30 78 1 1
44 69 1 1
38b 230 1 1
51 170 1 1
69a 137 1 1
Geta 69b 138 1 1
105a 85 var. 1 1
Macrinus 6 23 1 1
15 70 var. 1 1
26 47 var. 1 1
27 51 var. 1 1
59 15 var. 1 1 2
68 26 1 1
Diadumenianus 102 3 1 1
Elagabalus 1 126 1 1
42 189 1 1
46 196 1 1 2
56 1 1 1 2
73 38 1 2 3
88 61 1 1 2
88 var. 61 var. 3 1 4
95 70 1 1
107 92 3 1 4
115 101 1 1
121 109 1 1
125 120 1 1
130 244 1 1
131 246 1 1
138 255 1 1
140 256 1 1
146 276 1 1 2
146 var. 276 var. 1 1
150 282 1 1
152 294 1 1
156 289 1 1
Julia Soaemias 241 8 2 2
243 14 1 2 3
Julia Maesa 263 29 1 1
268 36 1 1
271 45 2 2 4
Julia Paula 211 6 1 1 2
Aquilia Severa 226 2 1 1
Severus Alexander 5 204 1 2 3
11 216 1 1 2
14 216 2 2
19 229 1 1
23 231 1 1
Severus Alexander 27 236 1 1 2
32 239 1 1
44 256 1 2 3
53 281 1 1
61 305 1 1
64 312 1 1
65 315 1 1
67 319 1 1
70 325 2 2
75 338 2 2
78 346 1 1
92 365 1 1
101 388 1 1 2
114 434 1 1 2
120 440 1 1
123 448 1 1
125 453 1 1
127 9 2 1 3
133 23 1 1 2
135 28 1 1
139 52 1 1
144 95 1 1 2
156 152 1 1
160 173 1 1
168 187 1 1 2
102 391 1 1
165 183 1 1
169 191 1 1 2
174 512 1 4 5
178 530 1 1
180 564 1 1
182 576 2 1 3
184 1 var. 1 1 2
193 51 1 1
200 73 var. 1 2 3
205 133 1 1
218 566 1 2 3
238 83 1 1 2
239 84 3 2 5
246 161 3 3
254 546 2 1 3
290 181 var. 1 1
Orbiana 319 1 1 1
Julia Mamaea 331 5 1 1
335 17 3 1 4
341 32 1 1 2
343 35 2 2 4
351 60 1 1
360 81 3 3
338 24 1 1
Maximinus I 1 46 3 3
1 var. 46 1 1
3 55 3 2 5
6 70 2 2
7a 7 4 5 9
12 31 4 5 9
13 77 3 6 9
14 85 2 2 4
16 99 3 3 6
18a 9 1 2 3
19 37 3 2 5
20 75 2 2 4
21 91 2 2
23 107 2 6 8
Maximus 3 10 1 1
Paulina 2 2 2 1 3
Gordian I 4 8 1 1
Balbinus 3 10 2 2
5 20 1 1
7 23 1 1 2
8 27 2 2
2 8 1 1
Pupienus 1 6 1 7 8
3 14 2 2
4 22 7 7 14
6 26 1 2 3
11b 21 1 1
Gordian III 17 2
22 1 6 10
25 1
39 1 1
50 1
53 1 2 4
62 var. 1 3 4
Gordian III 69 1 6 7
86 1 1 2
105 1 3 4
120 1 3 4
130 2 2 4
133 1 2 3
145 var. 1 4 5
173 2 2
182 2 2
186 1 1
189 1 1
192 1 1
194 1 3 4
196 1 2 3
199 1 1 2
203 1 1 2
205 3 3
210 2 2
212 2 1 3
226 2 2
234 2 11 13
238 1 1
302 1 2 3
313 1
314 1 3 5
325 1 2 3
340 2 8 10
347 1 2 3
357 1 2 3
381 1 1
386 1
388 1 5 7
403 1 1
383 1 1 2
312 1 l 2
62 1 1

ITALY

Calabria

Tarentum

334–302 B. C.

*1. Naked horseman, lancing downwards with r. hand, on horse prancing r.; behind, a large round shield and reserve of two spears; beneath horse ΣA.

Rev. TAPAΣ Taras, naked, astride dolphin 1.; holding kantharos in r. hand, a trident in 1.; in front figure; beneath, small dolphin 1.

figure Didr. 7.92 grms. 21 mm. ↗ Ex Hirsch XXVI, Pl. X, 203; Cf. B. M. C. Italy, p. 191, 229; Evans, Horsemen of Tarentum (Num. Chron., 1889), p. 103, B 15, Pl. VI, 7.

Lucania

Metapontum

550–480 B. C.

*2. figure to 1. and r. Ear of barley; raised dotted cable border.

Rev. Same type incuse; incuse border of radiating lines.

figure Didr. 8.32 grms. 31 mm. ↑ Cf. B. M. C. Italy , 14; Noe, Metapontum , Part I, No. 94.

c. 350–300 B. C.

*3. Head of Dionysius 1., bound with ivy-wreath.

Rev. META Ear of barley with leaf r.; above leaf short torch with cross pieces at top.

Æ. 3.01 grms. 15.5 mm. → Ex Martina Franca Hoard (Noe 661). Cf. B. M. C. Italy , p. 264, 202; Berlin, Beschreibung , III, p. 369, 229; Sim. to Hirsch XXXIV, Pl. II, No. 51.

*4. Head of Apollo Carneios (?) 1., with ram's horn.

Rev. [M]ETA Ear of barley with leaf r.; above leaf short torch with cross pieces at top.

Æ. 1.62 grms. 12.5 mm. ↖ Ex Martina Franca Hoard (Noe 661). Cf. B. M. C. Italy , p. 262, No. 185; Berlin, Beschreibung , III, p. 370, No. 239; Sim. to Hirsch XXXIV, Pl. II, 49.

Sybaris

560–510 B. C.

*5. VM in exergue. Bull standing 1.; exergual line, a band of raised dots; dotted cable border.

Rev. Same type as obverse, incuse and reversed; incuse border of dots and exergual line.

figure Stater. 8.33 grms. 29 mm. ↑ Cf. B. M. C. Italy , 283, 1; Babelon, Traité, Pl. LXVII, 5.

Velia

540–500 B. C.

*6. Forepart of lion r., r. forepaw extended, holding stag's leg; dotted truncation line.

Rev. Incuse square, with but three quarters distinct; sides of square irregular.

figure. Drachm. 3.86 grms. 15 mm. ↑ Ex Taranto Hoard (Noe 1052). Cf. Babelon, Traité, Pl. LXVIII, 5.

Bruttium

Croton

550–480 B. C.

*7. ϙ PO Tripod-lebes, the legs ending in lion's feet, with three handles; between legs, two serpents facing each other; raised dotted border between lines.

Rev. Same type incuse, without serpents and inscription; incuse border of oblongs.

figure Stater. 8.14 grms. 28.5 mm. ↑ Cf. B. M. C. Italy, p. 342, 3; Babelon, Traité, Pl. LXIX, 8.

Rhegium

c. 203–89 B. C.

*8. Busts of Dioscuri r., in laureate pilei and chlamydes; star above each; border of dots.

Rev. PHΓINΩN Hermes standing 1., wearing petasos; in extended r. hand, branch; in 1. hand, at side, caduceus; chlamys over 1. arm; to 1., IIII; cornucopiae below to 1.; plain exergual line; border, a lineal circle.

Æ. Tetrans. 3.53 grms. 17 mm. ↖ Cf. McClean Coll., I, 1942, Pl. 61.14.

Sicily

Agrigentum

500–480 B. C.

9. AKRAC figure Eagle, with closed wings, standing 1., on line of dots.

Rev. Crab, in circular incuse.

figure. Tetr. 16.99 grms. 25 mm. → Ex De Ciccio Sale (Sambon, Dec. 19, 1907), Pl. II, 77; ex Merzbacher Sale (Nov. 15, 1910), Pl. III, 187; ex R. Ratto Sale (May 13, 1912), Pl. VII, 366; Cf. B. M. C. Sicily , p. 8, 38.

Gela

Before c. 466 B. C.

10. Quadriga of horses r., walking slowly; charioteer holds reins in both hands, whip in r.; above, Nike r., flying to crown horses; dotted exergual line and border.

Rev. figure Fore-part of man-headed bull swimming r.

figure. Tetr. 17.38 grms. 25 mm. ↓ Ex Distinguished Artist Sale (Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, July 11, 1899), No. 35; Cf. B. M. C. Sicily , p. 66, 5; Babelon, Traité, Pl. LXXVII, 13.

*11. Naked horseman wearing helmet and holding lance in r. hand; holding reins in 1. hand.

Rev. figure Fore-part of man-headed bull r.

figure. Didr. 8.35 grms. 19 mm. ↗ Cf. B. M. C. Sicily, p. 67, 17; Babelon, Traité, Pl. LXXVII, 14.

Syracuse

474-c. 450 B. C.

*12. Quadriga of horses walking r., charioteer holding reins in 1. hand, whip in r.; above, Nike flying r. to crown horses; plain exergual line; in exergue, pistrix r.

Rev. ΣYRAKOΣION Head of Arethusa r., wearing pearled diadem, circular earring with pendant and necklace of beads; around, four dolphins.

figure. Tetr. 17.29 grms. 26 mm. ↑ Cf. Boehringer, Münzen von Syrakus, Pl. 19, R 366 and Pl. 20, V 274. A die-combination not recorded by Boehringer.

306–289 B. C.

13. ΣΩTEIPA Bust of Artemis r., wearing earring and necklace; hair in knot behind; quiver over r. shoulder; border of dots.

Rev. AΓA⊙OKΛEOΣ BAΣIΛEOΣ Winged thunderbolt; plain border.

Æ. 9.62 grms. 22 mm. ↖ Cf. B. M. C. Sicily , p. 199, 422; Head, Coins of Syracuse (Num. Chron., 1874), Pl. IX, 13.

275–216 B. C.

14. Head of Hiero 1., wearing diadem.

Rev. IEPΩNOΣ in exergue. Horseman r., wearing helmet, cuirass and chlamys, holding spear in r. hand; horse prancing; beneath horse, plain exergual line.

Æ. 17.32 grms. 26 mm. ↙ Cf. B. M. C. Sicily, p. 217, 585.

344–317 B. C.

15. ZEYΣ EΛE[Y⊙EPIOΣ] Head of Zeus Eleutherios r., laur.; short hair; plain border.

Rev. [ΣYPAKOΣIΩN] Thunderbolt upright; in r. field, eagle r.

Æ. 14.03 grms. 24.5 mm. ↓ Cf. B. M. C. Sicily, p. 189, 313; Head, Coins of Syracuse, Pl. VII, 10.

215–212 B. C.

16. Head of Athena 1., in crested Corinthian helmet, wearing earring and necklace; aegis tied around throat with snakes; border of dots.

Rev. ΣYPAKOΣIΩN Artemis 1., in short chiton and endromides, quiver on shoulder, drawing bow to shoot; at her feet, a hound leaping 1.; to 1., YA above Σ; plain exergual line; border, a lineal circle.

figure. Twelve litra. 10.13 grms. 22.5 mm. ↘ Ex De Ciccio Sale (Sambon, Dec. 11, 1907), Pl. XVIII, 443; Cf. McClean Coll., 2956, Pl. CVII, 5.

Macedonia

Philip II

359–336 B. C.

*17. Head of Apollo, laureate, r.; berries in wreath.

Rev. [ΦI]ΛIΠΠOY Biga galloping r., charioteer hold- ing reins in 1. hand, and whip above horses' heads in r. hand; below raised forelegs, grain of barley; exergual line.

figure Stater. Amphipolis or Pella. 13.60 grms. 17 mm. ↘ Cf. Reichmann Sale XXX, Pl. XVII, 436.

Alexander III, 336–323 B. C.

328–327 B. C.

18–19. Head of young Heracles r., in lion's-skin; border of dots.

Rev. AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus seated 1. on throne without back, lower part of body draped; r. leg visible in front of 1.; on extended r. hand, eagle r., wings closed; in 1. field, a herm; border of dots.

figure. Tetrs. Amphipolis. 17.20 & 17.22grms. 30 mm. & 27 mm. ↙ & ↗ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. V, 10; Newell, Alexander Hoards II. Demanhur, p. 29, 716.

c. 326 B. C.

20. Similar.

Rev. Similar. In 1. field, Athena Promachus.

figure. Tetr. Amphipolis. 17.19 grms. 24mm. ↙ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. VIII, 3; Newell, Demanhur, p. 29, 967.

c. 325 B. C.

21. Similar.

Rev. AΛEΞANΔPOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Similar; in 1. field, cornucopiae.

figure. Tetr. Amphipolis. 17.23 grms. 28 mm. ↓ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. IX, 9; Newell, Demanhur, p. 30, 1043.

22. Similar.

Rev. BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOΓ Similar; in 1. field, Athena Promachus.

figure. Tetr. Amphipolis. 17.41 grms. 28 mm. ↑ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. IX, 4; Newell, Demanhur, p. 30, 1100.

324–323 B. C.

23. Similar.

Rev. Similar; in 1. field, an antler.

figure. Tetr. Amphipolis. 17.20 grms. 25 mm. ↑ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. X, 7; Newell, Demanhur, p. 30, 1210.

24. Similar.

Rev. Similar; in 1. field, Macedonian helmet.

figure. Tetr. Amphipolis. 17.20 grms. 27 mm. → Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. X, 5; Newell, Demanhur, p. 30, 1251.

322–321 B. C.

25. Similar.

Rev. Similar; in 1. field, figure

figure. Tetr. Amphipolis. 17.23 grms. 27 mm. ↙ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. XII, 8, 10; Newell, Demanhur, p. 31, 1512.

*26–27. Similar.

Rev. AΛEΞANΔPOY Similar, except that feet of Zeus are on a foot-stool; in 1. field, Artemis; below throne figure

figure. Tetrs. Lampsacus. 17.19 & 17.24 grms. 27 & 26 mm. ↗ → Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. XVII, 8; Newell, Demanhur , p. 36, 1689.

c. 333–320 B. C.

28. Similar.

Rev. Similar; in 1. field, figure; under throne, thunderbolt.

figure. Tetr. Miletus. 17.20 grms. 26 mm. ↑ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Demanhur , p. 37, 1751, Pl. IV, 3.

c. 330–320 B. C.

29. Similar.

Rev. Similar; in 1. field, ear of barley.

figure. Tetr. Miletus. 17.16 grms. 27 mm. ↗ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. XVIII, 9; Newell, Demanhur , p. 37, 1755.

*30. Similar.

Rev. Similar, except that feet of Zeus are on footstool.

figure. Tetr. Miletus. 17.16 grms. 28 mm. ↗ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. XVIII, 9 var.; Newell, Demanhur , p. 37, 1755.

*31. Similar.

Rev. Similar; in 1. field, figure

figure. Tetr. Miletus. 17.15 grms. 28 mm. ↗ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. XVIII, 12; Newell, Demanhur, p. 37, 1794.

323–319 B. C.

32. Similar.

Rev. Similar, except that feet of Zeus on foot-stool; in 1. field, a plow; below throne,⊙

figure. Tetr. Tarsus. 17.13 grms. 29 mm. ↙ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Tarsos under Alexander , Pl. V, 15 (this piece); Newell, Demanhur , p. 41, 2334.

33. Similar.

Rev. BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY Similar, except that feet of Zeus on foot-stool; in 1. field, Nike holding wreath in upraised hands; below throne, figure

figure. Tetr. Tarsus. 17.16 grms. 28 mm. ↖ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Tarsos , Pl. VII, 2 (this piece); Newell, Demanhur , p. 41, 2370.

34. Similar.

Rev. Same as 33, except under throne, figure

figure. Tetr. Tarsus. 17.21 grms. 29 mm. ↘ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Tarsos, Pl. VII, 4 (this coin).

*35. Similar.

Rev. Same as 33, except under throne figure

figure. Tetr. Tarsus. 17.08 grms. 30 mm. ↘ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Tarsos, Pl. VII, 7 (this piece); Newell, Demanhur, p. 41, 2388.

36. Similar.

Rev. Same as 33, except under throne figure

figure. Tetr. Tarsus. 17.18 grms. 31 mm. ↖ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Tarsos, Pl. VII, 8 (this piece).

37. Similar, except below head B.

Rev. Same as 33, except in 1. field, Nike with wreath above B and caduceus; below throne figure

figure. Tetr. Tarsus. 17.17 grms. 28 mm. ↗ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Tarsos , Pl. VIII, 9 (this piece); Newell, Demanhur, p. 41, 2418.

To c. 319 B. C.

38. Similar.

Rev. AΛEΞANΔPOY Similar to 33, except in 1. field, ram; below throne Δ.A.

figure. Tetr. Damascus. 17.22 grms. 25.5. mm. ↖ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Demanhur, p. 49, 2976.

*39. Similar.

Rev. Similar to 38, except below throne Δ:A.

figure. Tetr. 17.23 grms. 26 mm. Damascus. ↖ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. 25, 2; Newell, Demanhur, p. 49, 3051.

c. 320 B. C. and later.

*40. Head of youthful Heracles r., in lion's-skin; NIKOKΛEOYΣ inscribed in minute letters on right- hand row of locks of lion's mane; border of dots.

Rev. [A]ΛEΞANΔPOY BAΣIAEΩΣ (sic!) Similar to 33, except in 1. field figure; below throne, laurel sprig.

figure. Tetr. Paphos. 17.22 grms. 25 mm. ↓ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Demanhur, p. 44, 2675 and p. 108; Newell, Num. Chron., 1919, pp. 64–65.

After 320 B. C. and later.

*41. Head of youthful Heracles r., in lion's-skin.

Rev. [AΛ]EΞANΔPOY Similar to 18, except in 1. field, prow.

figure. Tetr. Amathus. 17.15 grms. 26 mm. ↘ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Demanhur, p. 45, 2684.

c. 328-c. 319 B. C.

42. Similar.

Rev. AΛEΞANΔPOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Similar to 18, except in 1. field, A; below throne, figure

figure. Tetr. Aradus. 17.17 grms. 27.5 mm. ↙ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. XXII, 9–10; Newell, Demanhur, p. 51, 3380.

321 B. C.

43. Similar.

Rev. AΛEΞANΔPOY Similar to 18, except in 1. field figure

figure. Tetr. Ake. 17.05 grms. 27 mm. ↖ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Sidon and Ake, p. 44, 22, Pl. VI, 23; Newell, Demanhur, p. 56, 3954.

c. 329–326 B. C.

44. Similar.

Rev. Similar to 43, except in 1. field figure; below throne figure and M.

figure. Tetr. Babylon. 17.18 grms. 27 mm. ↗ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. XXVII, 5; Newell, Demanhur, p. 59, 4223.

c. 326–324 B. C.

45. Similar.

Rev. Similar to 43, except in 1. field, trident and M; below throne figure

figure. Tetr. Babylon. 17.21 grms. 26 mm. ↗ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. 28, 11; Newell, Demanhur, p. 61, 4421.

46. Similar.

Rev. Similar to 43, except in 1. field, rose; below throne ΔIo

figure. Tetr. Alexandria. 17.21 grms. 27 mm. ↖ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. 30, 3; Newell, Demanhur, p. 64, 4614.

47. Similar to 46. 17.18 grms. 28 mm. ↖ Ex Demanhur Hoard.

48. Similar to 46. 17.24 grms. 26.5 mm. ↖ Ex Demanhur Hoard.

49. Similar to 46. 17.19 grms. 27 mm. ↖ Ex Demanhur Hoard.

50. Similar.

Rev. Similar to 43, except in 1. field, khnum; below throne, figure

figure. Tetr. Alexandria. 17.19 grms. 28 mm. ↖ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. 29, 12; Newell, Demanhur, p. 64, 4748.

*51. Similar.

Rev. Similar to 33, except in 1. field, thunderbolt; below throne, ΔI

figure. Tetr. Alexandria. 17.24 grms. 27.5 mm. ↑ Ex Demanhur Hoard. Cf. Newell, Reattribution, Pl. 29, 11; Newell, Demanhur, p. 64, 4781.

52. Similar to 51. 17.20 grms. 27 mm. ↖ Ex Demanhur Hoard.

THRACE

Lysimachus

323–281 B. C.

53. Head of deified Alexander, diademed, with horn of Ammon; border of dots.

Rev. Pallas Nikephorus seated 1.; to 1., a flower. ΛYΣIMAXOY BAΣIAEΩΣ

figure. Tetr. Hellespontine city. 16.58 grms. 30 mm. ↑ Ex Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge Sale (American Collector [Hobart Smith]) Apr. 20, 1909, Pl. III, 84; Cf. Müller 331 (Traelium).

EUROPEAN COAST OF PROPONTIS

Byzantium

Faustina Jr.

*54. ΦΛVCTEINΛ CEBΛCTH Bust of Faustina r., draped, hair elaborately waved and coiled at back of head.

Rev. EΠI ΛIΛ CEYHPOV BYZANTIΩN Dolphin r. between two tunny fish.

Æ. 10.63 grms. Magistrate's name, Aelius Severus; cf. Pick, Num, Zeit., XXVII (1895) p. 33, No. 7 & p. 37; cf. also Mionnet, Suppl., II, p. 250, No. 279.

THESSALY

Thessalian Confederacy

196–146 B. C.

55. Head of Zeus, r., crowned with oak.

Rev. ⊙EΣΣA ΛΩN Athena Itonia advancing r., spear in raised r. hand, shield on 1. arm; at r., figure; above, AMVN ANΔPoY; below, [Ξ]ENOΩANTO[V]

figure. Double Victoriatus. 7.13 grms. 22 mm. ↑

Boeotia

Thebes

395–387 B. C.

56. Boeotian shield.

Rev. Amphora, upper part of which is fluted; in circular incuse; ⊙ and bow to 1., [E] to r.

figure. Stater. 11.88 grms. 11 mm. ← Cf. B. M. C., Central Greece, Pl. XIV, 3.

ATTICA

Athens

490-c. 400 B. C.

*57. Head of Athena r., in crested Athenian helmet, eye facing; hair arranged in double bandeau over forehead and temple and gathered up behind neck under helmet; circular earring; three olive leaves on helmet; floral ornament at back of helmet.

Rev. A⊙E Owl r., head facing; in field, to 1., crescent and olive branch with two leaves and a berry; all in incuse square.

figure Tetr. 17.13 grms. 25 mm. ↗ Similar to Pozzi Coll. (Naville Sale I) Pl. XLVIII, 1541.

393–338 B. C.

58. Head of Athena r., eye in profile, wearing large round earring and crested helmet with three upright olive leaves and a floral scroll at back.

Rev. A⊙E Owl r., head facing, to 1., olive branch and crescent.

figure. Tetr. 17.21 grms. 25 mm. ← Cf. Babelon, Traité, Pl. CXC, 2.

CORINTH

338–300 B. C.

*59. Pegasus with pointed wing, flying 1.; below, ϙ

Rev. Head of Athena 1., wearing over leather cap Corinthian helmet bound with olive-wreath; in field beneath, A P; to r., gorgon's mask on aegis.

figure. Stater. 8.55 grms. 24 mm. ↓ Cf. B. M. C., Corinth, Pl. XII, 4.

Corinth As Roman Colony

Duoviri: L. Certus Aeficius and C. Julius

c. 46–44 B. C.

*60. LAVS IVLI CORN (INT) Head of Julius Caesar, laureate, r.

Rev. [L] CERTO ÆFICIO, above; CIVLIO IIVIR, below. Bellerophon, wearing petasos, on Pegasus r., striking downward with spear.

Æ. 11.95 grms. Cf. B. M. C., Corinth, Pl. XV, 2; Fox, Jour. Internat. Num. Arch., No. 1; Edwards, Corinth, Pl. I, 16.

TROAS

Abydus

320–280 B. C.

*61. Head of Apollo r., laureate.

Rev. ABY Eagle standing r.; behind, [Y]ΛΛIΠΠOΣ; in r. field, a bee.

Tetrobol. 2.61 grms. 14 mm. ↘ Cf. B. M. C., Troas, p. 3, No. 22; Weber Coll., III1, Pl. CXCI, 5262.

Caria

Cos

300–190 B. C.

*62. Head of young Heracles in lion's-skin, r.

Rev. KΩI[ON] Crab, beneath which, a club and magistrate's name ΠYPPI.

Æ. .94 grms. 11 mm. ↘ Cf. Weber Coll., III2, Pl. 235, 6643.

SYRIA

Alexander I

150–145 B. C.

*63. Diademed head of Alexander r., chlamys around neck, border of dots.

Rev. Eagle standing 1. on beak of galley, palm branch over r. shoulder; in r. field ΓΞP and figure; in 1. field, club surmounted by monogram of Tyre; border of dots.

figure. Tetr. Tyre. 149–148 B. C. 13.24 grms. 27 mm. ↑ Cf. Rogers, Second and Third Seleucid Coinages of Tyre, Pl. I, 3; Newell, Seleucid Coinages of Tyre, No. 58.

Antiochus VIII

Fourth Reign, 108–96 B. C.

*64. Diademed head of Antiochus, r.; fillet border.

Rev. [B]AΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY [E]ΠIΦANOYΣ Zeus, legs draped, seated 1., holding wreath-bearing Nike, r., in outstretched r. hand, rests 1. on sceptre; whole surrounded by laurel wreath; on 1., outside inscription, figure and A; beneath throne Γ.

figure. Tetr. Antioch. 16.50 grms. 28 mm. ↑ Sim. to Newell, Seleucid Mint of Antioch , Nos. 405–408 (which lack Γ under throne).

JUDAEA

First Revolt, 66–70 A. D.

Year 2 (67–68 A. D.)

*65. figure Chalice with knob on stem and pearled rim; above it, date.

Rev. figure Stem with three flowers; border of dots.

figure Shekel. 14.10 grms. 23 mm. ↖ Cf. B. M. C., Palestine , Pl. XXX, 3.

CYRENAICA

Ptolemy V

203–181 B. C.

*66. Ram standing r.

Rev. ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIAEΩΣ Eagle 1. on thunderbolt, wings closed; to 1., figure

Æ. 4.61 grms. 13 mm. ↖ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XL, 24, 25; B. M. C., Cyrenaica, Pl. XXXII, 20.

EGYPT

Ptolemy I

323–285 B. C.

*67. Head of Alexander the Great r., with horn of Zeus Ammon, wearing elephant skin tied below into aegis, of which snake is visible; crescent-shaped punch-mark on cheek.

Rev. AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus Aetophorus seated 1. on throne; lower part of body draped; 1. hand resting on sceptre; eagle r., with closed wings on outstretched r. hand; to 1., a thunderbolt; below throne, figure; border of dots.

figure. Tetr. 15.29 grms. 27 mm. ↖ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. I, 15.

68. Head of Alexander the Great r., with horn of Zeus Ammon, wearing elephant skin and aegis.

Rev. Similar; in front, an eagle 1.; below throne Δ

figure. Tetr. 15.39 grms. 27 mm. ↑ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. II, 6.

*69. Head of Alexander the Great, r., with horn of Zeus Ammon, wearing elephant skin and aegis.

Rev. AΛEΞANΔPOY Athena Promachus r., holding shield in front and hurling javelin; ends of chlamys falling over both arms; at r. below, eagle r. on thunderbolt; figure to 1.; figure to r.; dotted border.

figure. Tetr. 15.65 grms. 29 mm. ↗Ex Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge (Distinguished Artist) 1899, Pl. III, 120; Ex Benson Coll. (Sotheby, Feb. 3, 1909), Pl. XXV, 780. Cf. Svoronos, Pl. V, 17; B. M. C., Ptolemies, Pl. I, 8.

70. Similar. Punch-mark on cheek.

Rev. Similar. To r., helmet and figure

figure. Tetr. 15.63 grms. 27.5 mm. ↖ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. VI, 3.

71. Similar.

Rev. Similar. To r., helmet and ΔI.

figure. Tetr. 15.82 grms. 27 mm. ↑ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. VI, 8.

*72. Head of Ptolemy I, r., diademed and wearing aegis; border of dots.

Rev. ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt; to 1., P and figure

figure. Tetr. 14.07 grms. 29 mm. ↑ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. IX, 16.

73. Similar.

Rev. Similar. To 1., Φ and figure

figure. Tetr. 14.73 grms. 27 mm. ↖ Cf. Svoronos, No. 268.

74. Head of Zeus, r.; dotted border.

Rev. IITOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Eagle 1. on thunderbolt, wings open; to 1., figure and Ω.

Æ. 16.60 grms. 27 mm. ↑ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. X, 11-16; B. M. C., Ptolemies, Pl. III, 3.

75. Head of Alexander the Great r., with horn of Ammon, diademed, hair long.

Rev. [ΠTOΛE]MAIOY [BAΣIAEΩΣ] Eagle 1. on thunderbolt, wings open; to 1., akrostolion above helmet.

Æ. 2.49 grms. 17 mm.↑ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. VI, 16, 17; B. M. C., Ptolemies, Pl. II, 1.

Ptolemy II

285–246 B. C.

76. Head of Ptolemy I, wearing aegis; border of dots.

Rev. [ΠTOΛE]MAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Eagle 1. on thunderbolt; in 1. field, figure and shield; to r. figure

figure. Tetr. 14.22 grms. 26 mm. ↖ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XIV, 6.

77. Head of Zeus Ammon r., diademed, with horn; dotted border.

Rev. BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY Eagle 1. on thunderbolt, wings open, looking back; between legs,⊙.

Æ. 84.90 grms. 47 mm. ↑ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XVII, 3; B. M. C., Ptolemies, p. 37, 157.

78. Head of Alexander the Great, with horn of Ammon, clad in elephant's skin and aegis; dotted border.

Rev. ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Eagle 1. on thunderbolt, wings open; between eagle's legs, E; dotted border.

Æ. 7.25 grms. 22 mm. ↖ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XVII, 17; B. M. C., Ptolemies, p. 57, 114.

Arsinoe II

(Under Ptolemy II)

*79. Head of Arsinoe r., with horn of Zeus Ammon, wearing diadem, stephane and veil; behind head, K.

Rev. APΣINOHΣ ΦIΛAΔEΛΦOY Double cornucopiae, bound with fillet.

figure, Octodr. 261 B. C. 27.78 grms. 27 mm. ↑ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XV, 14.

80. Similar; to 1., T.

Rev. Similar.

figure. Decadr. 252 B. C. 34.27 grms. 35 mm. ↑ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XVI, 8.

81. Similar; to 1. B.

Rev. Similar; between legs of eagle, X.

figure. Tetr. 269 B. C. 23.30 grms. 26 mm. ↑ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XVI, 14.

Ptolemy III

246–221 B, C,

*82. AΔEΛΦΩN Jugate busts r., of Ptolemy II, diademed and wearing chlamys, and Arsinoe II, diademed and veiled; to 1., shield bearing thunderbolt as parasemon.

Rev. ⊙EQN Jugate busts r., of Ptolemy I, diademed and draped, and Berenice I, diademed and veiled.

figure. Tetr. 13.92 grms. 21.5 mm. ↑ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XIV, 20.

*83. Head of Ptolemy I, r., diademed, wearing aegis; dotted border.

Rev. ΠTOΛEMAIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt; to 1., cornucopiae.

figure. Tetr. 14.21 grms. 29.5 mm. ↑ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XXX, 9.

84–85. Head of Zeus Ammon r., wearing diadem and horn; dotted border.

Rev. ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Similar; between legs, figure

Æ. 69.16 & 68.72 grms. 43 mm. ↑ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XXIX, 19; B. M. C., Ptolemies, p. 55, 87.

86. Bust of Zeus r., laureate.

Rev. Eagle 1. on thunderbolt, wings open; in front cornucopiae; between eagle's legs, figure

Æ. 12.44 grms. 26 mm. ↖ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XXIX, 13; B. M. C., Ptolemies, Pl. IX, 7.

87. Similar to 84.

Rev. [ΠTO]ΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Eagle 1. on thunderbolt, wings closed, cornucopiae resting on eagle's 1. wing; between legs figure.

Æ. 5.22 grms. 15 mm. ↑ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XXIX, 23; B. M. C., Ptolemies, p. 55, 95.

Arsinoe II

(Under Ptolemy III)

88. Head of Arsinoe II, r., with horn of Zeus Ammon, wearing diadem, stephane, and veil; behind head, sceptre; to 1., KK.

Rev. APΣINOHΣ ΦIΛAΔEAΦOY Double cornucopiae, bound with fillet.

figure Decadr. 237 B. C. 35.53 grms. 33 mm. ↖ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XXVIII, 10.

Ptolemy IV

221–203 B. C.

89. Jugate busts of Serapis r., wearing laurel-wreath above which small cap of Osiris, and Isis, wearing corn-wreath above which globe and horns.

Rev. ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Eagle l. on thunderbolt, looking back; on right wing, double cornucopiae bound with fillet; between legs, ΔI

figure. Tetr. 12.05 grms. 27 mm. ↖ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XXXVI, 13; B. M. C., Ptolemies, Pl. XVIII, 8.

*90. Head of Ptolemy I, r., diademed and wearing aegis; dotted border.

Rev. Same inscription. Eagle standing l. on thunderbolt; on thunderbolt P⊏

figure Didr. 106 B. C. 7.05 grms. 21 mm. ↖ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XXXVIII, 12.

91. Head of Zeus Ammon, r., diademed, with horn. Dotted border.

Rev. Same inscription. Eagle l. on thunderbolt, wings open; on l. wing, cornucopiae; between legs, A

Æ. 29.06 grms. 37 mm. ↑ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XXXIX, 17; B. M. C., Ptolemies, Pl. XV, 5.

Ptolemy VI

180–145 B. C.

92. BAΣIΛIΣΣHΣ KΛEOΠATPAΣ Head of Zeus Ammon r., diademed.

Rev. ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Two eagles l. on thunderbolt; in front, double cornucopiae; between legs of r. eagle, [figure]

Æ. 25.40 grms. 30 mm. ↖ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XLVII, 9; B. M. C., Ptolemies, Pl. XXVI, 7.

93. Head of Zeus Ammon r.; dotted border.

Rev. ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Two eagles l. on thunderbolt; to l., double cornucopiae.

Æ. 23.63 grms. 30 mm. ↖ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XLVIII, 10.

94. Head of bearded Heracles r., wearing lion's skin.

Rev. Eagle l. on thunderbolt, looking back; across r. wing, caduceus; between legs, K

Æ. 12.83 grms. 24 mm. ↖ Cf. B. M. C., Ptolemies, Pl. XVI, 10.

95. Similar.

Rev. ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Eagle l. on thunderbolt.

Æ. 12.20 grms. 24 mm. ↖ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. LI, 14.

96. Head of Cleopatra I as Isis, r., with long curls bound with corn.

Rev. ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Eagle l. on thunderbolt, wings open.

Æ. 16.18 grms. 27 mm. ↖ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XL, 11; B. M. C., Ptolemies, Pl. XXII, 6.

97. BAΣIΛIΣ[ΣHΣ K]ΛEOΠATPAΣ Similar.

Rev. ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Eagle l. on thunderbolt, looking back; on l. wing cornucopiae bound with fillet; to l., figure. Dotted border.

Æ. 4.13 grms. 17 mm. ↖ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XLVII, 15; B. M. C., Ptolemies, Pl. XVIII, 7.

98. BAΣIΛIΣΣHΣ KΛEOIIATPAΣ Head of Cleopatra I, r., clad in elephant's skin.

Rev. ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Same, but to l., figure Dotted border.

Æ. 7.40 grms. 21 mm. ↖ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. XLVII, 13; B. M. C., Ptolemies, Pl. XXIII, 3.

Ptolemy XIII

First Reign, 80–58 B. C.

99. Head of Ptolemy I, r., diademed and wearing aegis.

Rev. ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Eagle l. on thunderbolt; to l., LB; to r., ΠA

figure. Tetr. 80–79 B. C. 14.45 grms. 25 mm. ↑ Cf. Svoronos, Pl. LXII, 2.

Second Reign, 55–51 B. C.

100. Similar.

Rev. ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Eagle l. on thunderbolt; under r. wing, palm; to l., L K⊙ and figure; to r., ΠA.

figure. Tetr. 52 B. C. 13.79 grms. 26 mm. Cf. Svoronos, Pl. LXI, 24.

ALEXANDRIA

Antoninus pius

*101. ANTωNINOC εV CεB AYT K T AIΛ AΔPI Head r., bare.

Rev. Bust of Sarapis r., crowned with modius, above human foot; to r., ⊏

Æ. Drachm. Year 3 (139–40 A. D.)

The significance of the unusual reverse type of the Sarapis bust over the model of a human foot is unknown. Undoubtedly, it refers to some feature of the Sarapis cult in Alexandria, most likely to votives to Sarapis as a god of healing. This specimen has added interest because of its date, year 3 of Antoninus Pius. The type is mentioned by Milne (Ashmolean, p. xxix) as being of the last year of Antoninus Pius and recurring under M. Aurelius and Commodus. Vogt (Die Alexandrinische Münzen) also gives its earliest appearance to Year 24 of Antoninus Pius. B. M. C. Alexandria has two pieces for Pius (Nos. 1209–10, Pl. XIV) of Year 24, both of smaller size than our piece. However, Mionnet (VI, p. 214, 1431) gives the type for year 3 in the large size, derived from Zoega (N.Aeg., p. 167, No. 44). In no later work does a piece of this type occur for Antoninus Pius in the large size, or for a date earlier than Year 24. For Marcus Aurelius, Dattari (Nos. 3315–16, Pl. XXII) gives two specimens of 32 and 22 mm. respectively and for Commodus (Nos. 3828, 3938–39) three pieces varying between 21 and 23 mm. The type also occurs on a lead token of Egypt (Dattari, No. 6530, Pl. XXXVII). For a list of occurrences of the Sarapis bust over the human foot in sculpture, on gems, etc., see Weinrich in Athenische Mitteilungen, 37 (1912), p. 37, note 3. The human foot alone is used elsewhere as a type on coins: at Ptolemais-Ace under Valerian and Salonina (B. M. C. Phoenicia, Nos. 47, 51–53, Pl. XVII, 11); at Aegaea in Cilicia under Severus Alexander (B. M. C. Lycaonia , etc., 37, Pl. V, 1); and at Isinda in Pisidia (Babelon, Inventaire Waddington, No. 3751, Pl. VIII, 20).

*102. ANTωNINOC [EVC EB AVT K T] AIΛ AΔP Bust r., laureate, draped and cuirassed from behind.

Rev. Herakles, in garden of Hesperides, advancing, with lion's skin on back, r. hand outstretched, club in l., towards tree on which hangs serpent with arrow through neck; to l., figure

Æ. Drachm. Year 5 (141–42 A. D.) The earliest year listed for this type for Antoninus Pius by Milne, Dattari, and B. M. C. is year 10.

Lucius Verus

*103. OYHPOC C[ε]A AVRHΛIOC Bust l., laureate, draped and cuirassed from behind.

Rev. Verus and M. Aurelius standing with joined r. hands; to l., L; to r., Γ

Tetr. Year 3 (162–63 A. D.) Dattari 3642 var.

Faustina , wife of M. Aurelius

*104. CεBACTH ΦAVCTINA Bust r., draped.

Rev. Antoninus Pius standing in quadriga to r. Above, L; in exergue, K.

Tetr. Year 20 (179–80 A. D.) Milne 2324 var.

Aurelian

*105. A K Λ ΔOM AYPHΛIANOC CεB Bust r., laureate, and draped; to r., LA

Rev. I A C OYABAΛΛAΘOC AΘHNYACP Bust of Vaballathus r., laureate and diademed, draped and cuirassed.

Tetr. Year 1 (270 A. D.) Dattari 5428 var.; Milne 4322 var.

*106. AVT K Λ Δ AVPHAI ANOC CεB Bust r., laureate, draped and cuirassed from behind.

Rev. Jugate busts of Nilus and Euthenia 1.; Nilus crowned with lotus buds, himation on l. shoulder, cornucopiae behind; Euthenia crowned with grain. To 1., figure

Tetr. Year 4 (272–73 A. D.) Dattari ——; Milne ——.

Zenobia

*107. Bust of Zenobia, diademed, r. CεΠTIM ZHNOBIA CεB

Rev. Homonoia standing l., raising r. hand and holding cornucopiae in l. hand. figure

Tetr. Year 5 (270–71 A. D.) Dattari 5512 var.

Maximian

*108. MAΞIMIANOC CεB Bust r., laureate, draped and cuirassed.

Rev. Alexandria standing l., wearing close-fitting cap surmounted by three turrets, holding out on r. hand bust of Sarapis facing towards her, resting l. on sceptre. To l., L; to r., H; in exergue, A.

Tetr. Year 8 (292–93 A. D.) Dattari ——; Milne ——.

Constantius

*109. ΦΛA KωNCTANTIOC K Bust r., laureate, draped and cuirassed.

Rev. Emperor (Diocletian), laureate, wearing cuirass and cloak, r. hand raised, holding in l. a short sceptre, on walking horse. To l., above, L; to r., Γ.

Tetr. Year 3 (294–95 A. D.) Dattari ——; Milne ——.

Lead Token

*110. Bust of Demeter (?) r., wearing modius and veil; behind head, a torch; in front, branch of grain; to l., above, a crescent; to r., above, a star.

Rev. Jugate busts r. of Sarapis wearing modius and Hermanubis wearing modius; to r., a palm branch (?).

ROME—REPUBLIC

Lucius Aemilius Buca

c. 44 B. C.

*111. Head of Julius Caesar, laureate r. Before head, Caesar · DICT; behind, PERPETVO.

Rev. Winged caduceus and fasces in saltire; in angles, celestial globe, two r. hands joined, axe, and L. BVCA

figure. Den. Rome. 3.69 grms. B. M. C., Republic, p. 546, 4157, Pl. LIV, 11; Babelon I, p. 124, 17; C. 25 (Jul. Caesar).

Quintus Nasidius

c. 38–36 B. C.

*112. NEPTVNI Head of Pompey the Great, bare r.; in front, a trident; below, a dolphin.

Rev. [Q·NASI] DIVS Galley with rowers, sailing r., with pilot standing on prow and steersman seated in stern; to l, above, six-pointed star.

figure. Den. Sicily. 3.55 grms. Ex Naville II (Vautier- Collignon), Pl. I, No. 8; Naville XII (Bissen), Pl. 75, No. 2713. B. M. C., Republic, II, p. 564, 21, Pl. CXX, 16. Babelon II, p. 252, l; C. 20 (Pompey).

ROME—EMPIRE

Augustus

27 B. C.–14 A. D.

*113. CAESAR AVGVSTVS Head of Augustus, bare, r.

Rev. OB CIVIS SERVATOS in three lines in oak wreath.

figure. Den. Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Patricia?). 19–16 or 15 B. C. 3.82 grms. B. M. C. Empire, I, p. 66, 378, Pl. 8, 7; M. & S., I, p. 86, 290; C. 208.

Caligula

37–41 A. D.

*114. C Caesar AVG GERM P M TR P[OT] Head r., bare.

Rev. AGRIPPINA MAT C CAES.AUG GERM Bust of Agrippina, draped r.

figure. Den. Lugdunum. 37–38 A. D. 3.54 grms. B. M. C., Empire, p. 147, 8, Pl. 29, 8; M. & S. I, p. 116, 17; C. 4.

Claudius

41–54 A. D.

*115. TI CLAVD CAESAR AV [G GERM P] M TRIB POT PP Head r., laureate.

Rev. AGRIPPINAE AVGVSTA Bust of Agrippina, draped r., wearing crown of corn-ears, from which one long tie hangs down at back.

figure. Den. Rome. 50–54 A. D. 3.76 grms. B. M. C., Empire, p. 175, 75, Pl. 32, 27; M. & S., I, p. 134, 92; C.4.

Nero

54–68 A. D.

*116. AGRIPP AVG DIVI CLAVD NERONIS CAES MATER Busts of Nero, head bare, r., and of Agrippina, l., draped with hair in long plait at back, facing.

Rev. EX S C (in oak-wreath) NERONI CLAVD DIVI F CAES AVG GERM IMP TR P (around).

figure. Den. Rome. 54 A. D. 3.36 grms. B. M. C., Empire, I, p. 200, 3, Pl. 38, 3; M. & S., I, p. 145, 9, Pl. IX, 139; C. 7.

*117. IMP NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM PM TRP XIII PP Head r., laureate.

Rev. PACE PR TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT (around) S C (in field). Temple of Janus, showing r. side and end, with closed doors on l.

Æ. Sest. Rome. 66–67 A. D. 24.95 grms. Ex Bement Sale (Naville VIII), Pl. 19, 655. B. M. C., Empire, p. 230, 164 ff., Pl. 42, 7; M. & S., I, p. 156, 167; C. 139.

Otho

69 A. D.

*118. IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P Head r., bare.

Rev. SECVRITAS PR Securitas, draped, standing l., holding wreath in r. hand and sceptre in l.

figure. Den. Rome. 3.53 grms. B. M. C., Empire, I, p. 366, 17; M. & S. I, p. 219, 12; C. 17.

Hadrian

134–138 A. D.

*119. HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP Bust r., laureate and draped, from behind.

Rev. AEGYPTOS S C Egypt, draped, reclining l., holding sistrum in r. hand, l. arm resting on basket of fruit, to l. ibis standing r. on low column.

Æ. Dupondius or As. Rome. 134–138 A. D. 11.32 grms. B. M. C., Empire, III, p. 506, 1703, Pl. 94, 7; M. & S., II, p. 446. 839; Strack Pl. XII, 707, C. 111.

Aelius

Adopted Son of Hadrian

*120. L AELIVS CAESAR Head r., bare.

Rev. TR POT COS II (around); PIE TAS (in field, to l. and r.). Pietas standing r. before altar, raising r. hand, l. hand holding box of perfumes.

figure. Den. Rome. 137 A. D. 3.39 grms. M. & S., II, p. 393, 438; C. 36.

Didia Clara

Daughter of Didius Julianus

*121. DIDIA CLARA AVG Bust r., draped.

Rev. HILAR TEMPOR Hilaritas standing l., holding long palm and cornucopiae.

Den. Rome. 2.82 grms. M. & S., IV, l, 10, Pl. I, 19; C. 3.

Clodius Albinus

193–197 A. D.

*122. D CLOD SEPT ALBIN CAES Head r., bare.

Rev. FELICITAS COS II Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus and sceptre.

figure. Den. Rome. 194–5? A. D. 3.17 grms. M. & S., IV, l, p. 44, 4 var.; C. 15.

Septimius Severus

193–211 A. D.

*123. SEVERVS PIVS AVG Head r., laureate.

Rev. INDVLGENTIA AVGG IN CARTH Carthage seated on lion raised on hind legs to r.; she holds thunderbolt and sceptre; behind, water coming out of rock.

figure. Den. Rome. 202–210 A. D. 3.26 grms. M. & S., IV, 1, 266, Pl. 7, 9; C. 222. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Julia Domna

Wife of Septimius Severus

*124. IVLIA AVGVSTA Bust r., draped.

Rev. FORTVNAE FELICI Fortuna standing l., holding cornucopiae and leaning on rudder.

figure. Den. Rome. 195–211 A. D. 3.52 grms. M. & S., IV, 1, 552, Pl. 9, C. 55. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Caracalla

198–217 A. D.

*125. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM Head r., laureate.

Rev. PM TRP XVII COS IIII PP Apollo, seated l., holding laurel branch and leaning elbow on lyre which rests on tripod.

figure. Den. Rome. 214 A. D. 3.28 grms. M. & S., IV, 1, 238A; C. 242. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

*126. Similar to No. 125.

Rev. PM TRP XVII COS IIII PP Jupiter, nude, standing l., holding thunderbolt and sceptre; at feet, an eagle.

figure. Den. Rome. 214 A. D. 3.47 grms. M. & S., IV, 1, 240; C. 239 (Both have Jupiter naked to waist only). Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

*127. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM Bust r., radiate, draped and cuirassed.

Rev. PM TR P XVIIII COS IIII PP Sol standing 1., raising r. hand and holding globe.

figure. Ant. Rome. 216 A. D. 4.70 grms. M. & S., IV, 1, 281a; C. 358. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

*128. M AVREL ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT Head r., laureate.

Rev. VICT BRIT PM TR P XIIII COS III P P SC Victory standing r., 1. foot on helmet, erecting trophy; to r., towered woman standing facing and captive seated at her feet.

Æ. Sest. Rome. 211 A. D. 27.38 grms. M. & S., IV, 1, 483a; C. 641. Ex Carfrae Sale, Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge (July 8, 1901) Pl. VI, 184.

Plautilla

Wife of Caracalla

*129. PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE Bust r., draped.

Rev. CONCORDIAE AETERNAE Caracalla standing 1., clasping r. hands with Plautilla standing r.

figure. Den. Rome. 2.72 grms. M. & S., IV, i. 361; C. 10.

*130. PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA Bust r., draped.

Rev. VENVS VICTRIX Venus, standing 1., holding apple and palm branch and leaning on shield; before her, Cupid holding helmet.

figure. Den. Rome. 202 A. D. 3.41 grms. M. & S., IV, i, 369; C. 25. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Geta

200–202 A. D.

*131. P SEPT GETA CAES PONT Bust r., head bare, draped.

Rev. NOBILITAS Nobilitas standing r., holding sceptre and palladium.

figure. Den. Rome. 200–2 A. D. 3.49 grms. M. & S., IV, i, 13a, Pl. 14, 3; C. 90. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

*132. P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES Bust of Geta r., head bare, draped.

Rev. PONTIF COS II Geta standing 1., holding globe and parazonium.

figure. Den. Rome. 209 A. D. 3.43 grms. M. & S., IV, i, 61a; C. 117.

*133. IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG Head r., laureate.

Rev. PONTIF TR P II COS II Felicitas standing 1., holding cornucopiae and caduceus.

figure. Den. Rome. 210 A. D. 3.36 grms. M. & S., IV, i, 69a; C. 137. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Macrinus

217–18 A. D.

*134. IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG Bust r., laureate, cuirassed.

Rev. PONTIF MAX TRP COS P P Jupiter, nude, standing 1., holding thunderbolt and sceptre.

figure. Den. Rome. 217 A. D. 3.09 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 6, 15. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Diadumenianus

Son of Macrinus

*135. M OPEL ANT DIADVMENIAN CAES Bust r., head bare, draped.

Rev. PRINC IVVENTVTIS Diadumenianus standing facing, looking r., holding standard and sceptre; at r., two standards.

figure. Den. Rome. 3.17 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 13, 102; C. 3. Ex Martinetti Coll. (A. Sambon Sale, Nov. 18, 1907) No. 2527.

*136. Similar to No. 135.

figure. Den. Rome. 3.35 grms. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Elagabalus

218–222 A. D.

*137. IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG Bust r., laur., horned and draped.

Rev. INVICTVS SACERDOS AVG Elagabalus, horned, standing l. before altar, holding patera and club; behind altar, reclining bull; in l. field, comet.

figure. Den. Rome. 4.30 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 34, 88 var.; C. 61 var. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

*138. IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG Bust r., laur. and draped.

Rev. LIBERTAS AVG Libertas standing l., holding cap and sceptre; in r. field, star.

figure. Den. Rome. 2.65 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 35, 107; C. 92. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

*139. IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG Bust r., radiate, draped and cuirassed.

Rev. SALVS ANTONINI AVG Salus standing r., feeding serpent held on her r. arm.

figure. Ant. Rome. 4.58 grms. M. & S., IV, 2., p. 37, 138; C. 255. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Julia Soaemias

Mother of Elagabalus

*140. IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG Bust r., draped.

Rev. VENVS CAELESTIS Venus, diademed, seated

l., holding apple and sceptre; at her feet, a child.

figure. Den. Rome. 2.75 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 48, 243; C. 14. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Julia Maesa

Grandmother of Elagabalus

*141. IVLIA MAESA AVG Bust r., draped.

Rev. PVDICITIA Pudicitia seated l., raising veil with r. hand and holding sceptre in l.

figure. Den. Rome. 3.14 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 50, 268; C. 36. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Julia Paula

First Wife of Elagabalus

*142. IVLIA PAVLA AVG Bust r., draped.

Rev. CONCORDIA Concordia seated l., holding patera; in l. field, star.

figure. Den. Rome. 3.19 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 45, 211; C. 6. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Aquilia Severa

Second Wife of Elagabalus

*143. IVLIA AQVILIA SEVERA AVG Bust r., draped.

Rev. CONCORDIA Concordia standing l. before lighted altar, holding patera and double cornucopiae; in r. field, a star.

figure. Den. Rome. 2.72 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 47, 226; C. 2. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Severus Alexander

222–235 A. D.

*144. IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG Head r., laur.

Rev. P M TR P VII COS II P P Alexander, laur., advancing r., carrying spear and trophy.

figure. Den. Rome. 228 A. D. 3.10 grms. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

*145. IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG Bust r., laur. and draped.

Rev. IOVI PROPVGNATORI Jupiter, nude, with mantle flowing, holding a thunderbolt and an eagle, walking l., and looking to rear.

figure. Den. Rome. 234 A. D. 3.20 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 88, 239; C. 84. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

*146. IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG Bust r., laur., draped and cuirassed.

Rev. SPES PVBLICA Spes advancing l., holding flower and raising robe.

figure. Den. Rome. 231–35 A. D. 3.74 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 89, 254; C. 546. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

*147. Similar to No. 144.

Rev. FIDES MILITVM Fides seated l., holding two standards.

figure. Den. Rome. 228–31 A. D. 3.16 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 85, 193; C. 51. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Orbiana

Wife of Severus Alexander

*148. SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG Bust r., diademed and draped.

Rev. CONCORDIA AVGG Concordia seated l., holding patera and double cornucopiae.

figure. Den. Rome. 2.54 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 96, 319; C. 1. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Julia Mamaea

Mother of Severus Alexander

*149. IVLIA MAMAEA AVG Bust r., draped.

Rev. IVNO CONSERVATRIX Juno, diademed and veiled, standing l., holding patera and sceptre; at feet, a peacock.

figure. Den. Rome. 3.23 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 98, 343; C. 35. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Maximinus I

235–38 A. D.

*150. IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG Bust r., laur., draped and cuirassed.

Rev. VICTORIA AVG Victory advancing r., holding palm branch and wreath.

figure. Den. Rome. 235 A. D. 3.16 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 141, 16; C. 99. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

*151. MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM Bust r., laur., draped and cuirassed.

Rev. VICTORIA GERM Victory standing l., holding wreath and palm branch; at feet, two German captives with hands tied behind back.

figure. Den. Rome. 236–38 A. D. 3.53 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 142, 23 var.; C. 107 var. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Maximus

Son of Maximinus

*152. MAXIMVS CAES GERM Bust r., head bare, draped.

Rev. PRINC IVVENTVTIS Maximus standing l., holding rod and spear; behind, two standards.

figure. Den. Rome. 236–38 A. D. 3.20 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 155, 3; C. 10. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Paulina

Wife of Maximinus

*153. DIVA PAVLINA Bust r., veiled.

Rev. CONSECRATIO Peacock facing.

figure. Den. Rome. 3.66 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 153, 1; C. 1.

Gordian i

238 A. D.

*154. IMP M ANT GORDIANVS AFR AVG Bust r., laur., draped and cuirassed.

Rev. ROMAE AETERNAE Roma, helmeted, seated l. on a shield, holding Victory and leaning on sceptre.

figure. Den. Rome. 238 A. D. 2.81 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 160, 4; C. 8. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Balbinus

238 A. D.

*155. IMP C D CAEL BALBINVS AVG Bust r., laur., draped and cuirassed.

Rev. IOVI CONSERVATORI Jupiter, nude, mantle thrown behind, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.

figure. Den. Rome. 238 A. D. 2.70 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 169, 2; C. 8. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Pupienus

238 A. D.

*156. IMP C M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG Bust r., laur., draped and cuirassed.

Rev. CONCORDIA AVGG Concordia seated l., holding patera and double cornucopiae.

figure. Den. Rome. 238 A. D. 3.33 grms. M. & S., IV, 2, p. 173, 1; C. 6. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

Gordian III

238–244 A. D.

*157. IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG Bust r., radiate, draped and cuirassed.

Rev. PAX AVGVSTI Pax, standing l., holding olive branch and sceptre.

figure. Ant. Rome. 238 A. D. 4.64 grms. C. 173 var. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

*158. IMP C M ANT GORDIANVS AVG Bust r., laur., draped and cuirassed.

Rev. PAX AVGVSTI Pax standing l., holding olive branch and sceptre.

figure. Den. Rome. 238 A. D. 2.99 grms. C. 173 var.

*159. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG Bust r., radiate, draped and cuirassed.

Rev. P M TR P III COS P P Gordian standing l., holding patera and sceptre, sacrificing on a tripod.

figure. Ant. Rome. 240 A. D. 4.96 grms. C. 226. Ex"Catacombs" Hoard.

*160. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG Bust r., laur., draped and cuirassed.

Rev. P M TR P III COS P P Gordian on horse walking l., raising r. hand and holding sceptre.

figure. Den. Rome. 240 A. D. 2.92 grms. C. 234. Ex "Catacombs" Hoard.

*161. Similar to No. 159.

Rev. LIBERALITAS AVG III Liberalitas standing l., holding tessera and cornucopiae.

figure. Ant. Rome. 241 A. D. 4.36 grms. C. 145 var.

Philip I

244–249 A. D.

*162. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG Bust r., radiate, draped and cuirassed.

Rev. AEQVITAS AVGG Aequitas standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

figure. Ant. Rome. 3.96 grms. C. 8.

Trebonianus Gallus

251–253 A. D.

*163. IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS AVG Bust r., radiate, draped and cuirassed, from behind.

Rev. LIBERTAS PVBLICA Libertas standing l., holding cap and sceptre.

figure. Ant. Rome. 3.91 grms. C. 68.

Aemilian

253 A. D.

*164. IMP AEMILIANVS PIVS FEL AVG Bust r., radiate, draped and cuirassed from behind.

Rev. ROMAE AETERN Rome standing l., holding a globe surmounted by a phoenix on r. hand and a spear in l., behind her, a shield.

figure. Ant. Rome. 2.68 grms. C. 41.

Mariniana

Wife of Valerian

*165. DIVAE MARINIANAE Veiled bust r. on crescent.

Rev. CONSECRATIO Peacock flying r., carrying empress to heaven.

figure. Ant. Rome. 254 A. D. 3.88 grms. M. & S., V, 1, p. 64, 6; C. 14.

Magnia Urbica

Wife of Carinus

*166. MAGN URBICA AVG Bust r., diademed, with crescent.

Rev. IVNO REGINA Juno standing l., holding patera and sceptre. In exergue, KAς.

figure. Ant. Rome. 4.10 grms. M. & S., V, 2, p. 184, 341; C. 4.

Diocletian

284–305 A. D.

*167. DIOCLETIANVS AVGVSTVS Head r., laur.

Rev. CONSVL V PP PROCOS Emperor standing l., holding globe. Below, to r., star; in exergue, S M A Ξ.

figure. Aureus. Antioch. 5.44 grms. M. & S., V, 2, p. 254, 309; C. 49.

Domitius Domitianus

296–297 A. D.

*168. IMP C L DOMITIVS DOMITIANVS AVG Head r., laureate.

Rev. GENIO POPVLI ROMANI Genius, half nude, wearing modius, standing l., holding patera and cornucopiae; at feet to l., an eagle; to r., A; in exergue, ALE.

Æ. Alexandria. 9.72 grms. C. 1.

Carausius

286–293 A. D.

*169. IMP C CARAVSIVS PI FE IN AVG Bust r., radiate, draped and cuirassed.

Rev. SPES PVBLIC Spes walking l., holding flower and raising robe. In exergue, C; to l., S; to r., P.

figure. Ant. Colchester. 4.43 grms. M. & S., V, 2, p. 499, 412v., C. 341v.


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