Minting of Antoniniani A. D. 238-249 and the Smyrna Hoard

Author
Eddy, Samuel K., 1926-2015
Series
Numismatic Notes and Monographs
Publisher
American Numismatic Society
Place
New York
Date
Source
Donum
Source
Worldcat
Source
Worldcat Works

License

CC BY-NC

Acknowledgement

Open access edition funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities/Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Humanities Open Book Program.

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THE SMYRNA HOARD

The Smyrna hoard was found buried in a field near the site of ancient Smyrna, in the vicinity of modern Izmir in Turkey. The find was made by an unknown person probably in the winter or early spring of 1954. There were at this time road-building operations in the neighborhood, which are said to have cut through an ancient cemetery, but whether this was the place where the coins were discovered is unknown. The person who found the coins may have been stimulated to search for antiquities by the then recent Anglo-Turkish excavations at Smyrna. 1 The hoard was taken by the finder to a reputable coin dealer in Constantinople—a personal friend of Rev. Campbell—and sold to him. The original container was then in some way disposed of, and nothing is known of its description. When the hoard was eventually purchased, the coins were deposited loosely on a shelf of a cabinet in the dealer's shop. There is no reason to suppose, however, that any of the coins in the hoard have become lost, or that the hoard is anything but genuine, or that any of the above details is not trustworthy.

The hoard contains 1,243 antoniniani of certain emperors and their families, and one denarius, as follows:

Caracalla 5
Julia Domna 8
Elagabalus 12
Balbinus 2
Pupienus 2
Gordian III 662 and one denarius
Philip I 423
Otacilia 4
Philip II 38
Trajan Decius 54
Herennia Etruscilla 1
Herennius Etruscus 11
Hostilian 3
Trebonianus Gallus 7
Volusian 5
Aemilian 2
Valerian I 4
TOTAL 1,243 and one denarius

There were an additional ten coins in the lot purchased, which are certainly intrusions. They were presumably added by the finder of the hoard to increase its weight and therefore his sale price. These include seven denarii of emperors of the second and early third centuries. That these coins were not originally included with the antoniniani of the hoard is reasonably certain because of their rather clean condition and purple-gray patina, which differed noticeably from the green patina and brown dirt on the antoniniani. The seven denarii are as follows:

Emperor RIC
Vespasian 4
Hadrian 237
Faustina illegible
Antoninus Pius 431
Septimius Severus 40
Geta 9b
Caracalla 238 a

Emperors of the fourth century are represented by three silver coins which are certainly intrusions; there is one each of Constantine I, Licinius, and Gratian.

Campbell carried out cleaning ar??? preliminary identification. The latter was subsequently checked by the author, who also weighed the coins on a chemist's balance sensitive to one thousandth of a gram. Between these two operations, that is, before weighing, ten coins were unfortunately dispersed from the hoard, but this is a matter of small consequence. 2

The coins when cleaned were found to be in very good condition. All the antoniniani were readily identifiable and entirely legible. A respectable number are almost uncirculated (V.F.); most seem to have been in circulation for some time, but show no great amount or wear, and are unmarked in the catalogue. The rest are slightly worn (F.) and only a few are worn (G.) or badly worn (W.).

In the catalogue of the hoard the coins of emperors other than Gordian III and Philip I and his family are listed in groups of types according to the system of Mattingly, Sydenham, and Sutherland in the volumes of The Roman Imperial Coinage. For Gordian and Philip each specimen is listed, since the state of the mint during the reigns of these two emperors is the main subject of this monograph.

Identification as to mint (Rome, Antioch, Viminacium, Mediolanum) is included for the specimens listed under Gordian III and Philip I. For Gordian III, attribution to mints follows Mattingly, Sydenham, and Sutherland. For Philip I, however, there are some departures from that system, as discussed below, pp. 84ff.

In the next column, which shows the direction of strike, the head of the arrow indicates at the nearest hour on a clock face the point of lightest impression. The base of the arrow, therefore, is the point of heaviest impression. An "X" indicates those specimens so fairly struck that no differences of impression around the edge are observable.

In the next column to the right the relationship of obverse and reverse dies is shown, counting as ↑↓ or ↑↑ all coins which are exactly in this alignment or only a few degrees off. Only coins whose dies were skewed more than a few degrees from vertical alignment are shown exactly. It is assumed that the position of the obverse is ↑, so that the column shows the position of the reverse die.

CATALOGUE OF COINS
Smyrna No. RIC wt. Dir. Rev. Die Rev. Description/Remarks
Caracalla (5)
1 258a 4.91 P.M.TR.P.XVIII COS.IIII P.P. Jupiter stg. holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
2 258b 4.92 As preceding.
3 264b 5.09 P.M.TR.P-XVIII COS.IIII P.P. Sol stg. holding globe.
4 281a 5.06 P.M.TR.P.XVIIII COS.IIII P.P. Sol stg. holding globe.
5 312c 5.41 VENVS VICTRIX Venus stg. holding helmet and sceptre; captives std.
Julia Domna (8)
6 379a 5.44 LVNA LVCIFERA Luna in biga.
7–11 388a 4.99 VENVS GENETRIX Venus std. holding sceptre. (Av.wt.).
12–13 389a 5.31 VENVS GENETRIX Venus std. holding apple and sceptre; Cupid. (Av.wt.).
Elagabalus (12)
14–16 1 4.67 Obv.: 2f. P.M.TR.P.COS.P.P. Roma std. holding Victory and sceptre. (Av.wt.).
17 18 5.05 Obv.: 3f. P.M.TR.P.II.COS.II. P.P. Fortuna std. holding rudder on globe and cornucopia; wheel.
18–19 22 4.50 Obv.: 3f. P.M.TR.P.II.COS.II.P.P. Providentia stg. holding rod and cornucopia; globe. (Av.wt.)
20 72 5.23 Obv.: 3f. FIDES MILITVM Fides stg. holding standard and vexillum.
21 120 4.97 Obv.: 1e. MARS VICTOR Mars adv. r. holding spear and trophy.
22–23 122 4.93 Obv.: 2f. As preceding (Av.wt.).
24 138 4.99 Obv.: 2f. SALVS ANTONINI AVG. Salus stg. feeding held snake.
25 149 4.90 Obv.: 3e. TEMPORVM FELICITAS Felicitas stg. holding caduceus and cornucopia.
Balbinus (2)
26–27 11 4.34 FIDES MVTVA AVGG. Clasped hands. (Av.wt.).
PUPIENUS (2)
28 10b 4.23 CARITAS MVTVA AVGG. Clasped hands.
29 11b 4.47 PATRES SENATVS Clasped hands.
Gordian III (663)
Mint of Rome
30 1 5.05 FIDES MILITVM Fides stg. holding standard and sceptre.
31 4.73 F.
32 4.72 (Plate I, 2).
33 4.56
34 4.54 F.
35 4.53
36 4.44
37 4.36 (Plate I, 1).
38 4.03
39 2 4.78 IOVI CONSERVATORI Jupiter stg. holding thunderbolt; Gordian stg. holding sceptre.
40 4.68 V.F.; thick flan.
41 4.67
42 4.53 ×
43 4.34
44 4.17 (Plate I, 14).
45 4.13
46 3.68 (Plate I, 13).
47 3.51
48 3 4.58 PAX AVGVSTI Pax stg. holding branch and sceptre.
49 4.33
50 4.32
51 4.28 F.
52 4.25 F.
53 4.02 F. (Plate I, 7).
54 3.84 (Plate I, 8).
55 4 5.11 PROVIDENTIA AVG. Providentia stg. holding globe and sceptre.
56 5.08
57 5.04
58 4.84
59 4.82
60 4.68
61 4.60
62 4.60
63 4.34
64 4.12
65 4.11 Same obv. die as No. 67.
66 4.11
67 4.10 Same obv. die as No. 65 (Plate I. 17).
68 3.96 (Plate I, 16).
69 5 5.19 VICTORIA AVG. Victory adv. 1. holding wreath and palm.
70 4.60
71 4.58
72 4.57 Same obv. die as No. 81.
73 4.49 (Plate I, 5).
74 4.48
75 4.41
76 4.34 V.F. (Plate I, 4).
77 4.33 G.
78 4.28 G.
79 4.23 G.
80 4.07 F.
81 3.81 × F.; same obv. die as No. 72.
82 6 4.76 VIRTVS AVG. Virtus stg. holding spear; oval shield.
83 4.36
84 4.22
85 4.13 V.F.
86 4.05 (Plate I, 10).
87 3.93
88 3.90
89 3.86 × (Plate I, 11).
90 3.79
91 3.69
92 15 4.13 P.M.TR.P.II COS.P.P. Fides stg. holding standard and sceptre. V.F. (Plate I, 3).
93 3.67 V.F.
94 3.50 (Plate II, 4).
95 16 5.18 P.M.TR.P.II COS.P.P. Jupiter stg. holding thunderbolt; Gordian stg. holding sceptre. Thick flan.
96 4.51 (Plate II, 16).
97 4.44
98 4.44
99 4.04 (Plate I, 15).
100 18 5.18 P.M.TR.P.II COS.P.P. Providentia stg. holding globe and sceptre.
101 5.15
102 4.96 F. (Plate I, 18).
103 4.73
104 3.91 (Plate II, 13).
105 19 5.14 P.M.TR.P.II COS.P.P. Victory adv. 1. holding wreath and palm. G.
106 4.74 V.F. (Plate II, 1).
107 4.36
108 4.07 F. (Plate I, 6).
109 3.88 F.
110 3.34 G.
111 20 4.88 P.M.TR.P.II COS. P.P. Virtus stg. holding spear; oval shield. (Plate I, 12).
112 3.99 (Plate II, 10)
113 3.91
114 34 5.40 AEQVITAS AVG. Aequitas stg. holding scales and cornucopiae.
115 4.82
116 4.54
117 4.47 (Plate II, 8).
118 4.38 V.F.; base.
119 4.32
120 4.28
121 4.28
122 3.96
123 3.90
124 35 5.26 CONCORDIA AVG. Concordia std. holding patera and double cornucopiae. Base.
125 5.14
126 4.77
127 4.67 F.
128 4.44
129 4.41
130 4.31
131 4.15
132 3.90 Single cornucopia.
133 3.89
134 3.82 (Plate II, 11).
135 3.69
136 3.55
137 36 5.12 LIBERALITAS AVG. II Liberalitas stg. holding abacus and cornucopiae. (Plate II, 17).
138 4.93
139 4.90
140 4.84
141 4.83
142 4.80
143 4.73
144 4.61
145 4.14
146 4.05
147 4.03
148 3.99
149 3.84 F.
150 37 6.33 P.M.TR.P.II COS.P.P. Gordian stg. sacrificing, holding patera and wand.
151 5.16 ×
152 4.82 ×
153 4.49 F.
154 4.42 F.
155 4.38 F.
156 4.21
157 4.18
158 4.03 ×
159 3.90
160 3.89 ×
161 3.65 Thin flan (Plate II, 14).
162 3.51 Thin flan.
163 3.12 Thin flan.
164 38 4.92 × ROMAE AETERNAE Roma std. holding Victory and spear.
165 4.64
166 4.64
167 4.15
168 4.13 × V.F.
169 4.07
170 4.06 V.F. (Plate II, 5).
171 3.96 ×
172 3.94
173 3.91 G.
174 39 5.60 × VIRTVS AVG. Virtus stg. holding branch and spear; shield.
175 5.57
176 4.85
177 4.69 F.
178 4.56
179 4.37
180 4.29
181 4.08
182 3.96 × (Plate II, 2).
183 3.72
184 3.90 Variant, as RIC 52n. (CONCORDIA MILIT).
185 51 4.88 × AEQVITAS AVG. Aequitas std. holding scales and cornucopiae. V.F.
186 4.25
187 4.24 V.F.
188 4.18 (Plate II, 9).
189 3.91
190 3.74
191 52 4.66 CONCORDIA AVG. Concordia std. holding patera and double cornucopiae. (Plate II, 12).
192 4.36
193 53 4.69 × LIBERALITAS AVG. II Liberalitas stg. holding abacus and cornucopiae.
194 4.23 F.
195 4.08 V.F. (Plate II, 15).
196 4.03
197 3.64
198 3.58 F.
199 54 4.54 P.M.TR.P.II COS.P.P. Gordian stg. sacrificing, holding patera and wand. (Plate II, 18).
200 4.44
201 55 4.77 ROMAE AETERNAE Roma std. holding Victory and spear.
202 4.34 (Plate II, 6).
203 3.81
204 56 4.48 VIRTVS AVG. Virtus stg. holding branch and spear; shield.
205 3.85 (Plate II, 3).
206 63 4.48 AEQVITAS AVG. Aequitas stg. holding scales and cornucopiae. Oval flan.
207 4.40
208 4.38 ×
209 4.36 ×
210 4.35 F.
211 4.28
212 4.22
213 3.92 (Plate III, 7).
214 3.84 G., oval flan.
215 3.74 G.
216 65 4.69 × CONCORDIA MILIT. Concordia std. holding patera and double cornucopiae.
217 4.56 Double struck.
218 4.51
219 4.25
220 3.88 ×
221 3.87 × (Plate III, 10).
222 3.18 image Thin flan.
223 67 5.86 LIBERALITAS AVG. III Liberalitas stg. holding abacus and cornucopiae. (Plate III, 13).
224 5.60
225 5.17
226 4.10
227 3.46 ×
228 3.40 Thin, oval flan.
229 68 5.01 P.M.TR.P.II COS.P.P. Gordian stg. sacrificing, holding patera and wand.
230 4.88 V.F. (Plate III, 16).
231 4.75
232 4.72 Clipped.
233 4.66
234 4.57
235 4.52
236 4.24
237 3.93 G.
238 69 4.46 P.M.TR.P.III COS.P.P. Gordian stg. sacrificing, holding patera and wand. Oval flan.
239 70 5.52 × ROMAE AETERNAE Roma std. holding Victory and spear. Oval flan.
240 5.29 V.F.
241 5.14
242 5.10
243 4.98 Oval flan.
244 4.49
245 4.44 F.
246 4.11 ×
247 3.95
248 3.93
249 3.92 F.
250 3.73 Thin flan; clipped.
251 3.58 Thin flan (Plate III, 1).
252 3.37 Thin flan.
253 71 5.17 VIRTVS AVG. Virtus stg. holding branch and spear; shield.
254 4.59 F.
255 4.56
256 4.52 Oval flan.
257 4.44 (Plate III, 4).
258 4.37 Oval flan.
259 4.30
260 4.30
261 4.22 G.
262 4.01 Oval flan.
263 3.80 G.
264 3.62 Oval flan.
265 3.61 V.F.
266 3.19 G.; thin flan.
267 Dispersed.
268 83 5.28 AETERNITATI AVG. Sol stg. holding globe. (Plate III, 8).
269 5.18
270 5.03 V.F.
271 4.79
272 4.75 ×
273 4.64
274 4.64
275 4.61
276 4.60
277 4.60
278 4.56 G.
279 4.53
280 4.45 Bent flan.
281 4.40
282 4.38
283 4.35 F.
284 4.34
285 4.33 Oval flan.
286 4.32
287 4.27
288 4.16
289 4.16
290 4.11 V.F.
291 4.11 Oval flan.
292 4.09
293 4.07 Oval flan.
294 4.07
295 4.01 × V.F.
296 3.96
297 3.92
298 3.89
299 3.89
300 3.86
301 3.67
302 3.60 F.
303 3.53 F.; thin flan.
304 3.49
305 3.44
306 3.42 G.
307 3.25 Clipped; thin flan.
308 Dispersed.
309 84 5.55 IOVI STATORI Jupiter stg. holding long sceptre and thunderbolt.
310 5.41 F.
311 5.34
312 5.19 V.F.
313 5.14 V.F.
314 5.09
315 4.96
316 4.87
317 4.81 V.F.
318 4.79 ×
319 4.66
320 4.62
321 4.59 F.
322 4.54
323 4.52
324 4.43
325 4.41
326 4.40 F.; oval flan.
327 4.38 V.F.
328 4.38 V.F.
329 4.36 G.
330 4.33
331 4.32
332 4.24
333 4.24
334 4.23
335 4.21
336 4.19 Oval flan.
337 4.17 Oval flan.
338 4.11
339 4.09
340 4.03
341 3.98 Oval flan.
342 3.90 V.F. (Plate III, 2).
343 3.90 Oval flan.
344 3.86
345 3.83 Oval flan.
346 3.83
347 3.81
348 3.78
349 3.74 Oval flan.
350 3.71 Oval flan.
351 3.69
352 3.63
353 Dispersed.
354 85 5.96 IOVIS STATOR Jupiter stg. holding long sceptre and thunderbolt.
355 4.83
356 4.64
357 4.51
358 3.93
359 86 5.80 × LAETITIA AVG. N. Laetitia stg. holding wreath and anchor.
360 5.23 Oval flan.
361 5.17 ×
362 4.91
363 4.88 V.F.
364 4.77
365 4.77
366 4.74
367 4.74 ×
368 4.70 ×
369 4.70
370 4.64
371 4.56
372 4.52
373 4.51
374 4.46
375 4.42
376 4.39
377 4.38 V.F.; oval flan.
378 4.35 Oval flan.
379 4.31
380 4.24
381 4.22
382 4.21
383 4.21 V.F.; oval flan.
384 4.20
385 4.19 V.F.
386 4.16
387 4.09 V.F.
388 4.08
389 4.08
390 4.05
391 4.01 V.F.
392 3.95 V.F.; oval flan.
393 3.91
394 3.83
395 3.82
396 3.78
397 3.75
398 3.72 V.F. (Plate III, 5).
399 3.72
400 3.69 Thin flan.
401 3.49 Thin, oval flan.
402 Dispersed.
403 Dispersed.
404 87 5.30 P.M.TR.P.III COS.II P.P. Apollo std. holding branch; lyre.
405 88 5.17 P.M. TR. P. IIII COS. II P.P. Apollo std. holding branch; lyre.
406 5.09
407 4.83 Oval flan.
408 4.81
409 4.60 Oval flan.
410 4.48
411 4.43
412 4.38
413 4.37 (Plate III, 14).
414 4.37 V.F.
415 4.36
416 4.34 V.F.
417 4.17 Oval flan.
418 4.14 V.F.
419 3.97 Clipped; oval flan.
420 3.84
421 Dispersed.
422 89 5.19 P.M.TR.P.V COS.II P.P. Apollo std. holding branch; lyre.
423 5.10
424 4.97
425 4.77 × Oval flan.
426 4.76
427 4.71 Base.
428 4.55
429 4.37
430 4.36 ×
431 4.26
432 4.26
433 4.24
434 4.21 ×
435 4.13 V.F.; oval flan.
436 4.12
437 4.07
438 3.70 × V.F.
439 3.57 Base.
440 90 5.38 P.M.TR.P.VI COS.II P.P. Apollo std. holding branch; lyre.
441 4.18 ×
442 91 4.37 P.M.TR.P.III COS.II P.P. Gordian stg. holding spear and globe.
443 4.03
444 3.75 (Plate III, 11).
445 92 5.49 P.M.TR.P.IIII COS.II P.P. Gordian stg. holding spear and globe.
446 4.85
447 4.82 Oval flan.
448 4.52 Clipped.
449 4.49
450 4.34
451 4.27
452 4.23 G.
453 4.17 ×
454 4.15 G.; clipped.
455 4.13 Double struck.
456 4.13 image
457 4.03 Base; oval flan.
458 3.73 Thin flan.
459 3.63 Edge off flan.
460 93 4.89 P.M.TR.P.V COS.II P.P. Gordian stg. holding spear and globe.
461 4.81 G.
462 4.70
463 4.68
464 4.62 × V.F.
465 4.59
466 4.58 Oval flan.
467 4.56
468 4.54 W.
469 4.53
470 4.37
471 4.23 d.M.TR.P. V COS.II P.P.
472 4.09 ×
473 4.02
474 4.01 F.
475 3.87 × G.
476 3.77 F.; thin flan.
477 3.76 × Thin flan.
478 3.39 Thin flan.
479 94 4.08 P.M.TR.P.VI COS.II P.P. Gordian stg. holding spear and globe. F.
480 3.68
481 95 5.36 VIRTVTI AVGVSTI. Hercules stg.; club on rock; lion-skin.
482 5.08
483 4.98 F.
484 4.92
485 4.92
486 4.79
487 4.73 × V.F. (Plate III, 17).
488 4.73 ×
489 4.70
490 4.70 G.; oval flan.
491 4.69
492 4.63
493 4.60
494 4.54 Oval flan.
495 4.53 Split flan.
496 4.52
497 4.47
498 4.41
499 4.33 F.
500 4.29
501 4.29
502 4.27
503 4.25 ×
504 4.11 Oval flan.
505 4.01 G.
506 3.94 V.F.
507 3.83 V.F.; split flan.
508 3.77 Oval flan.
509 3.76
510 3.62 Thin flan.
511 3.52 G.; base; split flan.
512 Dispersed.
513 129 3.62 PIETAS AVGVSTI Pietas stg. raising hands. V.F.; oval flan. Denarius.
514 140 4.97 FELICIT. TEMP. Felicitas stg. holding long caduceus and cornucopiae.
515 4.90 × F.
516 4.89 G. (Plate V, 16).
517 4.71 G.
518 4.43 Oval flan.
519 4.36 F.
520 4.32 F.
521 4.28 (Plate III, 18).
522 4.28 F.; oval flan.
523 3.93
524 3.79 Base.
525 141 5.58 × FELICIT. TEMPOR. Felicitas stg. holding long caduceus and cornucopiae. G.
526 142 5.10 FELICITAS TEMPORVM Felicitas stg. holding long caduceus and cornucopiae. F.
527 4.70 G.
528 4.61
529 4.40 F.; oval flan.
530 4.15 F.
531 4.04
532 3.72 Thin, oval flan.
533 143 5.16 FORT. REDVX Fortuna std. holding rudder and cornucopiae; wheel. (Plate IV, 1).
534 5.07
535 4.82
536 4.61 F.
537 4.59 F.
538 4.48 F.
539 4.20 F.
540 4.20 Oval flan.
541 4.02 G.
542 3.95 G.
543 3.88
544 144 4.87 FORTVNA REDVX Fortuna std. holding rudder and cornucopiae; wheel. G.
545 4.68 (Plate III, 6).
546 4.55
547 4.52 G. (Plate V, 1).
548 4.48 G.
549 4.42 F.
550 4.01
551 3.87 G.
552 145 5.01 MARS PROPVG. Mars adv. r. holding spear and shield. F.
553 4.86 Oval flan.
554 4.75
555 4.69
556 4.61
557 4.51 (Plate IV, 7).
558 4.34 (Plate V, 13).
559 4.31 F.
560 4.00 Obv. scraped.
561 3.86 F.
562 147 4.62 MARTEM PROPVGNATOREM Mars adv. r. holding spear and shield. Oval flan.
563 4.49
564 4.27 × V.F. (Plate III, 15).
565 148 5.27 PROVID.AVG. Providentia stg. holding wand over globe and sceptre.
566 4.82 V.F. (Plate V, 10).
567 4.68
568 4.63
569 4.47 Oval flan (Plate III, 12).
570 4.46 F.
571 4.37
572 4.27
573 4.25
574 4.21 F.
575 4.00
576 3.76
577 3.19 Thin flan.
578 2.98 Thin flan.
579 150 4.99 PROVIDENTIA AVG. Providentia stg. holding wand over globe and sceptre.
580 4.73 V.F.
581 3.96
582 3.72
583 3.61 F.; thin flan.
584 151 5.04 SECVRIT. PERP. Securitas stg. holding sceptre; column. F.; oval flan.
585 4.80 G.
586 4.77
587 4.48
588 4.46
589 4.34 G. (Plate III, 9).
590 4.08 F.; oval flan.
591 3.94 Oval flan.
592 3.89 Oval flan.
593 3.80 F.; oval flan.
594 3.76 F.
595 3.58
596 3.51 Base.
597 3.43 F.; thin, oval flan.
598 3.40 F.; thin, oval flan.
599 152 4.91 × SECVRIT. PERPET. Securitas stg. holding sceptre; column. F.
600 153 4.79 SECVRITAS PERPETVA Securitas stg. holding sceptre; column.
601 4.68
602 4.61 F.
603 4.47 G. (Plate IV, 4).
604 4.45 F.
605 4.43
606 4.36 Oval flan (Plate V, 7).
607 4.22
608 4.05
609 3.83
610 154 5.52 VICTOR.AETER. Victory stg. holding palm; captive under shield. (Plate V, 4).
611 5.02
612 4.80 Oval flan.
613 4.69
614 4.54 × Oval flan.
615 4.36
616 4.26 × Clipped.
617 3.94 F.
618 3.88 (Plate III, 3).
619 3.72 × F.; oval flan.
620 3.22
621 155 4.37 VICTORIA AETER. Victory stg. holding palm; captive under shield.
622 4.16
623 156 4.49 VICTORIA AETERNA Victory stg. holding palm; captive under shield. Oval flan.
624 4.40 F.
625 4.40 Base.
626 4.34 F.
627 4.29
628 4.00
629 3.98
Mint of Antioch
630 187a 4.74 LIBERALITAS AVG. Libertas stg. holding pileus and rod. F.; oval flan.
631 4.04
632 4.00 G.; oval flan.
633 209 5.31 FIDES MILITVM Fides stg. holding two standards.
634 4.54 V.F.; edge off oval flan.
635 4.36 G.; irregular flan (Plate IV, 8).
636 210 5.73 FORTVNA REDVX Fortuna std. holding rudder and cornucopiae. F.
637 5.58 Irregular flan.
638 4.84 V.F.
639 4.75 Oval flan.
640 4.69 V.F.
641 4.56 F. (Plate IV, 9).
642 4.56 F.
643 4.43
644 4.42
645 4.38 G.
646 4.23
647 4.08 F.; base.
648 4.01 Oval flan.
649 3.96 G.; clipped.
650 3.86 F.
651 3.68 F.
652 211 4.60 IOVI CONSERVATORI Jupiter stg. holding sceptre and thunderbolt.
653 212 4.88 MARTI PACIFERO Mars adv. 1. holding branch, shield and spear rev. G.
654 4.46
655 3.87 (Plate IV, 2).
656 213 5.68 ORIENS AVG. Sol. stg. holding globe; raising r. hand. V.F.; oval flan (Plate IV, 3).
657 5.38 F.
658 5.15 F.; base.
659 5.06 Oval flan.
660 4.90
661 4.72
662 4.62
663 4.59 image
664 4.42
665 4.06 F.
666 4.00 V.F.; oval flan.
667 3.84
668 3.54 F.; thin flan.
669 3.42 Thin flan.
670 3.33 F.; thin flan.
671 3.19 F.; thin flan.
672 214 4.64 PAX AVGVSTI Pax adv. 1. holding branch and sceptre.
673 4.33 (Plate IV, 5).
674 3.95 G.
675 216 5.12 SAECVLI FELICITAS Gordian stg. holding spear and globe.
676 4.90 G.
677 4.87
678 4.67
679 4.61 F.
680 4.60 W.
681 4.30 F.; base.
682 4.28 G.
683 4.22
684 4.22 F.
685 4.20 Oval flan (Plate IV, 6).
686 4.11 F.
687 4.11 F.
688 4.03 F.
689 3.70 G.
690 3.59 Thin flan.
691 3.35 G.; thin flan.
692 217 4.17 VICTORIA AVG. Victory adv. r. holding wreath and palm. F.
Philip I (423)
Mint of Rome
693 2b 5.31 P.M.TR.P.II COS.P.P. Philip I std. holding globe and short sceptre. V.F.
694 4.94 F.; base.
695 4.60 V.F.; obverse scraped; base.
696 4.49
697 4.40 Base.
698 4.38
699 4.36 Base.
700 4.18
701 3.71
702 3.44
703 3 5.22 P.M.TR.P.III COS.P.P. Felicitas stg. holding caduceus and cornucopiae.
704 4.87
705 4.61 F.
706 4.58 F.
707 4.51
708 4.36 (Plate VI, 13).
709 4.20
710 4.13 F.; base.
711 4.10
712 4.08
713 4.04
714 3.95
715 3.95 image Oval flan.
716 3.85 F.
717 3.74 V.F.
718 3.64 F.
719 3.54
720 4 4.54 P.M.TR.P.IIII COS.II P.P. Felicitas stg. holding caduceus and cornucopiae. F.
721 4.26 F.
722 4.18
723 3.95 image F.
724 3.89
725 3.82
726 3.38 Thin flan.
727 5 4.40 P.M.TR.P.IIII COS.II P.P. Felicitas stg. holding caduceus and cornucopiae. F. (Plate VI, 17).
728 4.36
729 4.30
730 4.17 F.
731 3.99 Base.
732 3.91 ×
733 3.81
734 3.64
735 7 5.31 P.M.TR.P.V. COS.III P.P. Mars stg. holding branch; spear and shield; in field A.
736 5.22 (Plate VII, 1).
737 4.00
738 3.81
739 3.74
740 3.64
741 8 4.09 NOBILITAS AVGG. Nobilitas stg. holding sceptre and globe; in field Z. Oval flan (Plate VII, 13).
742 3.93 F.
743 3.77 Base.
744 3.65
745 3.58 G.
746 3.57 Oval flan.
747 9 5.46 image TRANQVILLITAS AVGG. Tranquillitas stg. holding capricorn(?) and sceptre; in field B.
748 4.37 image
749 4.12 (Plate VII, 4).
750 3.57 Base.
751 10 4.03 VIRTVS AVGG. Philip I and II on horses adv. r., r. hands raised (no spear); in ex. ϵ. (Plate VII, 16).
752 12 4.92 SAECVLARES AVGG. Lion adv. r.; in ex. I. Base.
753 4.90 Base; oval flan.
754 4.37
755 4.09
756 3.98
757 3.80 ×
758 3.71
759 3.60
760 3.01 Thin flan (Plate VI, 3).
761 15 4.71 SAECVLARES AVGG. She-wolf stg. suckling the twins; in ex. II. Uncleaned wt.
762 4.70
763 4.29
764 4.15 image
765 4.10 (Plate VI, 6).
766 4.05
767 3.84
768 3.68 image Base.
769 3.66 image
770 19 5.07 image SAECVLARES AVGG. Stag adv. r.; in ex. V or U. (Plate VI, 15).
771 4.68
772 4.41
773 4.39 V.F.
774 4.19
775 4.15
776 4.07
777 4.06
778 3.98
779 3.89
780 3.85
781 3.33
782 21 6.42 SAECVLARES AVGG. Antelope adv. 1.; in ex. VI or UI.
783 5.12
784 4.40
785 4.35
786 4.25
787 4.07
788 4.04 V.F. (Plate VI, 18).
789 4.04 F.; base.
790 3.97
791 23 3.48 × SAECVLARES AVGG. Goat adv. 1. Base.
792 24c 5.26 SAECVLARES AVGG. Low column or altar insc. COS.III. V.F.
793 4.96
794 4.64
795 4.62
796 4.41
797 4.10
798 3.96
799 3.92 (Plate VII, 14).
800 3.74
801 3.14
802 25b 5.11 SAECVLVM NOVVM Temple with statue (Roma) in center of columns.
803 4.27 Oval flan.
804 3.98
805 3.81
806 3.76
807 3.73
808 3.61
809 3.46 (Plate VII, 5).
810 26b 5.65 ADVENTVS AVGG. Philip on horse adv. 1. holding spear; r. hand raised.
811 4.94
812 4.69
813 4.67 Base.
814 4.57
815 4.56
816 4.51
817 4.42 (Plate V, 18).
818 4.41 Oval flan.
819 4.23
820 4.08 F.
821 3.93
822 3.70
823 3.66
824 27b 6.17 × AEQVITAS AVGG. Aequitas stg. holding scales and cornucopiae.
825 5.47 F.
826 5.06 Aequitas' r. arm raised.
827 4.95
828 4.87 V.F.
829 4.75
830 4.62
831 4.55 F.
832 4.45 Aequitas' r. arm raised.
833 4.41 × V.F.
834 4.40 ×
835 4.34
836 4.32
837 4.29
838 4.28 V.F.
839 4.26
840 4.25
841 4.23 Aequitas' r. arm raised. F.; oval flan.
842 4.15
843 4.13 image Oval flan.
844 4.10 (Plate VI, 4).
845 4.09 V.F.
846 4.08
847 4.04 image
848 4.01
849 4.01
850 3.99
851 3.98 Aequitas' r. arm raised.
852 3.95
853 3.93
854 3.93 Aequitas' r. arm raised.
855 3.92
856 3.91 V.F.
857 3.91
858 3.91
859 3.90 F.
860 3.82
861 3.81
862 3.81
863 3.78 Aequitas' r. arm raised.
864 3.77
865 3.75 Base.
866 3.70 Aequitas' r. arm raised.
867 3.68
868 3.66
869 3.65
870 3.53
871 3.49 image
872 3.26
873 28c 5.10 ANNONA AVGG. Annona stg. holding corn-ears over modius and cornucopiae.
874 5.09
875 4.90 F.
876 4.90
877 4.69
878 4.60 F.
879 4.54
880 4.47
881 4.47
882 4.36 F.
883 4.23 Oval flan.
884 4.07 F.
885 4.05
886 4.00
887 3.88
888 3.86 image
889 3.85
890 3.77 Oval flan.
891 3.52 (Plate VI, 16).
892 3.30
893 3.01 ×
894 29 4.90 ANNONA AVGG. Annona stg. holding corn-ears over prow and cornucopiae.
895 4.44
896 4.43
897 4.32
898 4.21 F.; oval flan.
899 4.10
900 4.05 Oval flan.
901 3.99 Oval flan.
902 3.90
903 3.86
904 3.80 Oval flan.
905 3.76 F.
906 31 5.02 FELICITAS TEMP. Felicitas stg. holding long caduceus and cornucopiae.
907 4.60
908 4.56
909 4.55
910 4.50
911 4.46
912 4.34
913 4.20
914 4.08
915 4.02
916 3.88
917 3.71 V.F. (Plate V, 6).
918 3.42
919 3.35
920 32b 4.65 FIDES MILIT. Fides stg. holding two standards.
921 4.56
922 4.56
923 4.52 image Oval flan.
924 4.02 (Plate V, 11).
925 3.97
926 3.70 Oval flan.
927 33 4.90 FIDES MILIT. Fides stg. holding sceptre and standard.
928 34b 3.92 FIDES MILITVM Fides stg. holding two standards. Base.
929 36b 5.00 LAETIT. FVNDAT. Laetitia stg. holding wreath and rudder.
930 4.73
931 4.63 F.
932 4.39
933 4.29
934 4.24
935 4.12
936 4.09 × (Plate V, 5).
937 4.02
938 3.98 G.
939 3.95
940 37b 4.49 LAETIT. FVNDAT. Laetitia stg. holding patera and rudder; prow.
941 3.83
942 38b 5.33 LIBERALITAS AVGG.II Liberalitas stg. holding abacus and cornucopiae. G.
943 4.95 × Oval flan.
944 4.91
945 4.88
946 4.79
947 4.71
948 4.68 Oval flan (Plate V, 15).
949 4.54 G.; base.
950 4.44
951 4.36
952 4.24
953 4.17 Oval flan.
954 3.61 × Base.
955 40b 4.82 PAX AETERN. Pax stg. holding branch and sceptre. F.
956 41 4.61 PAX AETERN. Pax adv. 1. holding branch and sceptre. V.F. (Plate V, 14).
957 4.55 G.
958 4.53
959 4.45
960 4.34
961 4.29
962 4.25
963 4.04
964 42 3.89 PAX AETERNA Pax adv. 1. holding branch and sceptre. F.
965 44b 4.93 ROMAE AETERNAE Roma std. holding Victory and sceptre; shield.
966 4.91
967 4.88
968 4.67
969 4.65 F.
970 4.60
971 4.55
972 4.40
973 4.28
974 4.26 (Plate VI, 1).
975 4.19 ×
976 4.19 image Base.
977 4.17
978 4.12
979 4.09
980 4.07
981 4.04
982 4.02 Oval flan.
983 3.94
984 3.89 Uncleaned wt.
985 3.89 Oval flan; uncleaned wt.
986 3.85 V.F.
987 3.83
988 3.73 image
989 3.63 V.F.
990 3.63 × Oval flan; base.
991 3.60 V.F.
992 3.56 F.
993 2.98 Thin flan.
994 45 5.06 ROMAE AETERNAE Roma std. holding Victory and sceptre; shield, altar. V.F.
995 4.88
996 4.47 image
997 4.29
998 4.23
999 4.19
1000 4.06 Oval flan.
1001 3.97
1002 3.88
1003 3.84 F.; oval flan; base.
1004 3.70
1005 46b 4.78 SALVS AVG. Salus stg. feeding held snake.
1006 47 4.76 SALVS AVG. Salus stg. holding rudder and feeding snake coiled around altar. (Plate V, 17).
1007 4.66
1008 4.52 V.F.
1009 4.42 Oval flan.
1010 4.26
1011 3.99
1012 47A 4.44 × SALVS AVGG. Salus stg. feeding held snake.
1013 48b 4.90 SECVRIT. ORBIS Securitas std. holding sceptre; head on 1. hand.
1014 4.74
1015 4.73 F.
1016 4.52
1017 4.49
1018 4.38 Oval flan (Plate V, 3).
1019 4.37
1020 4.19
1021 4.13
1022 4.07
1023 3.89 F.
1024 3.87
1025 3.72
1026 3.52
1027 49b 5.28 VICTORIA AVG. Victory adv. r. holding wreath and palm. F.; oval flan.
1028 4.64 Base.
1029 4.49
1030 4.47
1031 4.34
1032 4.29
1033 4.15 × (Plate V, 2).
1034 4.12 F.
1035 3.85 F.
1036 50 4.64 VICTORIA AVG. Victory adv. 1. holding wreath and palm.
1037 3.99
Mint of Viminacium
1038 51 5.14 × VICTORIA AVGG. Victory stg. holding wreath and palm. (Plate VII, 18).
1039 4.39
1040 4.18
1041 4.00
1042 3.98 G.
1043 3.29 (Plate VII, 15).
Mint of Rome
1044 52 4.60 VIRTVS AVG. Virtus stg. holding branch and spear; foot on helmet. F. (Plate V, 8).
1045 3.59
1046 53 4.51 VIRTVS AVG. Virtus std. holding branch and spear; no shield.
1047 4.44 Shield.
1048 4.37 Shield.
1049 4.27 Shield.
1050 4.21 Shield. Base.
1051 4.04 Shield.
1052 57 4.75 AEQVITAS AVGG. Aequitas stg. holding scales and cornucopiae.
1053 4.41 (Plate VI, 5).
1054 4.09
1055 3.55 F.
1056 58 4.51 AETERNITAS AVGG. Elephant adv. 1.; driver with goad and wand.
1057 4.50
1058 4.43 × F.
1059 4.43
1060 4.31 V.F.
1061 4.17
1062 3.93 V.F. (Plate VII, 2).
1063 3.89
1064 3.80
1065 3.63 Oval flan.
1066 3.63 V.F.
1067 3.48
1068 59 4.47 ANNONA AVGG. Annona stg. holding corn-ears over prow and cornucopiae. (Plate VI, 2).
1069 4.09 Weak strike.
1070 3.85
1071 3.74 V.F.
1072 3.63 F.
1073 2.98 Oval flan.
Mint of Mediolanum (Milan)
1074 60 5.29 image FELICITAS IMPP. in three lines in laurel-wreath.
1075 4.88 V.F. (Plate VII, 3).
1076 4.83 ×
1077 4.62
1078 4.30
1079 4.09
1080 3.79 V.F.
1081 61 4.28 × FIDES EXERCITVS Fides stg. holding vexillum and standard.
1082 4.20 V.F.
1083 3.98
1084 3.96 V.F. (Plate VII, 6).
1085 3.93
1086 3.86
1087 3.42
Mint of Rome
1088 62 4.80 FIDES EXERCITVS Four standards. (Plate VI, 14).
1089 4.32
1090 4.14 ×
1091 4.12
1092 4.09 Uncleaned wt.
1093 4.06
1094 4.03
1095 4.02 V.F.
1096 3.76
1097 3.73 V.F.; base.
1098 3.48
1099 Dispersed
Mint of Mediolanum (Milan)
1100 63b 4.84 FORTVNA REDVX Fortuna std. holding rudder and cornucopiae; wheel. F.; oval flan.
1101 4.72 (Plate VII, 9).
1102 4.37
1103 4.16
1104 3.85
Mint of Rome
1105 65 5.54 ROMAE AETERNAE Roma std. holding Victory and spear; shield, altar.
1106 4.48
1107 4.31 Oval flan.
1108 4.04 image F.
1109 3.76 Uncleaned wt.
1110 3.60 V.F. (Plate VII, 17).
1111 3.54 G.
Mint of Antioch
1112 71 4.29 VIRTVS EXERCITVS Virtus stg. holding spear; 1. hand on shield; no helmet.
1113 4.22 (Plate IV. 10).
1114 4.18
1115 78 4.18 P.M.TR.P.VI COS.P.P. Felicitas stg. holding long caduceus and cornucopia.
Otacilia (4)
Mint of Rome
1116 125c 4.60 CONCORDIA AVGG. Concordia std. holding patera and double cornucopiae. (Plate VI, 10).
1117 3.86
Mint of Antioch
1118 127 3.44 IVNO CONSERVAT. Juno stg. holding patera and sceptre. Obv. scraped (Plate IV, 11).
Mint of Rome
1119 130 3.72 PIETAS AVGVSTAE Pietas stg. holding box of perfume; r. hand raised. V.F. (Plate VII, 11).
Philip II (38)
Mint of Antioch
1120 213 3.95 IOVI CONSERVAT. Jupiter stg. holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
1121 3.85
1122 3.72 V.F. (Plate IV, 12).
Mint of Rome
1123 216c 4.24 PRINCIPI IVVENT. Philip II stg. holding globe and sceptre. (Plate V, 9).
1124 3.98 ×
1125 3.96
1126 217 4.68 image PRINCIPI IVVENT. Philip II stg. holding globe and sceptre; soldier holding spear.
1127 218d 4.75 PRINCIPI IVVENT. Philip II stg. holding globe and standard.
1128 4.62 Globe and spear. V.F.
1129 4.52 Globe and spear. Same obv. die as No. 1136.
1130 4.32 Globe and standard.
1131 4.24 image Globe and spear.
1132 3.93 Globe and standard.
1133 3.88 Globe and standard.
1134 3.73 Globe and spear. F.
1135 3.67 Globe and standard. Oval flan (Plate VI, 7).
1136 3.51 Globe and spear. Same obv. die as No. 1129; oval flan.
1137 3.28 Globe and standard.
1138 3.19 Globe and spear.
1139 3.14 × Globe and standard. F.
1140 219 5.13 PRINCIPI IVVENT. Philip II stg. holding globe and standard; captive.
1141 3.86
1142 223 4.08 VIRTVS AVGG. Mars adv. r. holding spear and trophy; in field Γ. (Plate VII, 7).
1143 224 4.92 SAECVLARES AVGG. Goat adv. 1.; in ex. III.
1144 4.06
1145 4.01 (Plate VI, 9).
1146 3.59
1147 3.31
Mint of Viminacium
1148 226 3.96 AETERNIT. IMPERI Sol adv. 1. holding whip; r. hand raised.
1149 3.84
1150 3.56
Mint of Rome
1151 230 5.17 LIBERALITAS AVGG.III Philip I and II std.; Philip I holds short sceptre.
1152 4.16 (Plate VII, 8).
1153 4.08
1154 3.84 V.F.; oval flan.
1155 3.77
1156 3.75 image
1157 Dispersed.
Trajan Decius (54)
1158 2b 4.06 DACIA Dacia stg. holding staff with ass's head.
1159–1161