Coins of the Spanish Muluk al-Tawaif

Author
Miles, George Carpenter, 1904-1975
Publisher
American Numismatic Society
Place
New York
Date
Source
Donum
Source
Worldcat
Source
Worldcat Works
Source
HathiTrust

License

CC BY-NC

Acknowledgement

Open access edition funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities/Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Humanities Open Book Program.

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Table of Contents

FRONT

BODY

I. UNIDENTIFIED INDEPENDENT RULER, PERIOD OF THE REVOLUTION1

IBN ḤAMĀM (?)2
Ca. 422–428 A.H. = 1030–1037 A.D.

Fractional Dinars
Al-Andalus
No Date

1.2. بن حمام3

الامام هشام

امير المؤمنين

المؤيد بالله

Obv. marg.: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدينر بالاندلس سنة

Rev. marg.: Quar'ān IX 33 (part)

Borders: obv. & rev. 16.

P. 41d.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 12, 0.81

Plate I

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 13, 0.49

3. As nos. 1–2, but margin ends: بالاندلس, and borders: obv. 38, rev. 16.

P. 41e.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 12, 0.66

Plate I

1 Miles

4. As no. 3, but borders: obv. & rev. 38.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 11, 0.82

Plate I

5. As no. 3, but borders: obv. 38, rev. 33.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 11, 0.68

6. ابن حمام

As no. 1, but image

Obv. marg.: Qur'ān IX 33 (part)

Rev. marg.: ..... رب هذا لدينر بالاندلس ....

Borders: Obv. 16, rev. 33.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 13, 0.86

Plate I

End Notes
1 Cf. P., p. 107.
2 ابن تمام, according to Vives (nos. 808—814). I agree with Prieto that the first letter looks more like حـ or the like. The ا of حمام is sometimes lacking.
3 Apparently not ابن as alleged to be on previously published specimens.

Mint Effaced
No Date

7. ابن حمام

As no. 1, but image

Obv. marg.: سنة ..... بسم الله ضر

Rev. marg.: Qur'ān IX 33 (part)

Borders: obv. & rev. 16.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 12, 0.93

8. As no. 7, but traces of margins only, and borders: obv. & rev. 21.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 11, 0.82

Plate I

Three dirhems in the Hispanic Society collection struck during the revolutionary period by unknown persons did not come to the attention of the writer until after this catalogue was compiled. These are: two fragmentary specimens of al-Andalus, 404 A. H., similar to P. 32a, and one of al-Andalus, 405 A.H., similar to P. 28d. The latter measures 22 mm. and weighs 2.04 grms.


II. ḤAMMŪDID1

AL-NĀṢIR LI-DĪN ALLĀH 'ALI b. ḤAMMŪD
400–408 A.H. = 1009–1018 A.D.2

Dirhems
Madīnat Sabtah
404 A.H. = 1013/14 A.D.

9. على

image

الامام سليمن

امير المؤمنين

المستعين بالله

Marg.: بمدينة سبتة سنة اربع و اربع (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

P. 54 a.

ANS (Wood) image 26, 2.98

Plate I

405 (?) A.H. = 1014/15 (?) A.D.

10. ولى العهد

الامام هشام

امير المؤمنين

• على •

1*

Marg.: ⸮ خمـ ؟

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

Very crude execution.

P. 59a.

HSA 15670 image 23, 2.47, twice pierced

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 24–32, 109–116.
2 Governor of Ceuta in 400, "Caliph" in 407.

406 A.H. = 1015/16 A.D.

11. ولى العهد

الامام هشام

امير المؤمنين

المؤيد بالله

على

*

Marg.: ست و اربع ما —— بسم الله ضرب (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 59b.

HSA 15668 image 23, 3.18

• •

12. As no. 11, but marg.: ست و —— بسم الله ضرب (1st quarter rectilinear)

HSA 15669 image 23, 3.32, twice pierced

• * * * •

13. As no. 11, but هشم and marg.: ست و اربع —— بسم الله ضرب (1st quarter rectilinear)

HSA 13926 image 24, 2.86

Plate I

Ca. 405–407 A.H. = 1014–1017 A.D.

14. Date effaced. As no. 11, but image beneath obv., and marg.: .... سنة (1st quarter rectilinear)

HSA 15667 image 23, fragmentary

407 A.H. = 1016/17 A.D.

image

15. * image *

الامام على

امير المؤمنين

الناصر لدين الله

يحيى

* *

Marg.: سبع و اربع —— بسم الله ضرب (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 60.

HSA 13927 image 24, 3.62, twice pierced

16. * image

* لا اله الا ولى العهد يحي

الله وحده الامام على

* لا شريك له امير المؤمنين

image الناصر لدين الله

* *

Marg.: سبع و اربع —— بسم الله ضرب

Rev. marg. interrupted by image

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 16.

P. 61.

HSA 13925 image 22, 1.96, same obv. die as no. 17

17. Obv. as no. 16. *

ولى العهد

الامام على

* امير المؤمنين *

الناصر لدين الله

يحي

•• * ••

Rev. marg. interrupted by image

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 51.

P. 62a.

HSA 14144 image 23, 3. 31, twice pierced, same obv. die as no. 16.

Plate I

18. * لا اله الا *

الله وحده

* لا شريك له *

* image *

Rev. as no. 17, but

* يحي

•• * ••

* * *

Marg.: سبع و اربع —— بسم الله ضرب (1st quarter rectilinear)

Rev. marg. interrupted by image at least twice.

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 51.

HSA 13942 image 23, 3.16, twice pierced

Plate I

19. Obv. as no. 18, but image

Rev. legend as no. 17, no ornaments.

image image

Marg.: سبع و اربع —— بسم الله ضرب (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 17.

HSA 13943 image 24, 3.20, twice pierced

20. ——

Rev. legend as no. 17, no ornaments except

يحي

image ••

Marg.: سبع وار —— بسم الله ضرب (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

ANS (Wood) image 24, 3.78

21. Mint effaced, probably Sabtah.

image

Marg.: سبع و اربع ما

Borders: obv. 3a, rev. 7.

HSA 13945 image 24, frg. Lacking

Rev. legend as no. 17, no ornaments.

408 A.H. = 1017/18 A.D.

22. image

Rev. legend as no. 17, no ornaments.

*

Marg.: ثمان ربع مائة (1st quarter rectilinear). The ه of الله ends in palmette.

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 61.

P. 62 b.

HSA 13938 image 24, 1.96

23. image *

Rev. legend as no. 17, only ornament: image امير المؤمنين image

* *

Marg.: ثمان و اربع ما —— بسم الله ضرب (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 4.

HSA 13934 image 22, 2.18, twice pierced

24. * image *

Rev. legend as no. 17, no ornaments.

* *

Marg.: ثمان و اربع —— بسم الله ضرب (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

HSA 13936 image 25, 3.25, twice pierced

Plate I

25. image

Rev. as no. 23.

* image

Marg.: ثمان و اـعـ —— بسم الله ضرب (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

HSA 13933 image 25, 2.84 chipped

26. image

Rev. legend as no. 17, ornaments: image

Marg.: ثمان و اـعـ (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

HSA 13932 image 25, 3.32, twice pierced

27. * image *

Rev. legend as no. 17, no ornaments.

* * *

Marg.: الدرهم بمدبنة سبتة سنة ثمان وار (1st quarter rectilinear). The ه of الله ends in palmette.

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

ANS (Wood) image 24, 3.18

Plate I

28. • image

Rev. legend as no. 17, no ornaments.

•• •• •

Marg.: ثمان وار —— بسم الله ضرب (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

ANS (Wood) image 24, 3.50

29. image

Rev. legend as no. 17, ornament consists of + projecting into area from inner border at 3, 6, 9 (and probably) 12 o'clock.

Obv. marg.: ثمان وا (various uncertain ornaments; 1st quarter rectilinear)

Rev. marg.: ... و دين + بالهدي + ارسله + الله + رسول + محمد

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

ANS (Wood) image 23, 2.91, twice pierced

Plate I

30. image

Rev. legend as no. 17, ornaments: image

* * *

Marg.: ثمان وار —— بسم الله ضرب (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 59, rev. 4.

ANS image 24, 2.83

Plate I

31. image

Rev. legend as no. 17, ornaments: يحي

* *

Marg.: ثمان و —— بسم الله ضرب (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

HSA 13935 image 24, 2.84

32. image

Rev. legend as no. 17, ornaments: ◦——◦

*

Marg.: ثمان و —— بسم

Borders: obv. 52, rev. 7.

HSA 13940 image 23, 2.45

33. imageimage

Rev. legend. as no. 17 but much abbreviated, virtually illegible, ornament: image

* *

Marg.: ثمان و —— بسم الله ضرب

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

HSA 13937 image 25, 3.33

34. image

لا اله الا

image

Rev. legend as no. 17, ornaments: image

Legends very crudely engraved.

Marg.: ثمان و اربع مـ (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

HSA 13941 image 25, 3.18. twice pierced, several punches

Plate I

407 or 408 A.H. = 1016/18 A.D.

35. image

اله الا/image

Rev. legend as no. 17, no ornaments.

*

Marg.: Date effaced. بسم (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 52, rev. 7.

HSA 13958 image 24, 3.70. twice pierced

Al-Andalus
407 A.H. = 1016/17 A.D.

36. image

Rev. legend as no. 17, no ornaments.

Marg.: سبع و اربع ما

Borders: obv. 6a, rev. 40.

HSA 13946 image 24, 3.16

Plate II

37. image

Rev. legend as no. 17, no ornaments.

Marg.: سبع و اربع

Borders: obv. 6a, rev. 7.

HSA 13931 image 24, 2.37

AL-QĀSIM AL-MA'MŪN b. ḤAMMŪD
408–414 A.H. = 1018–1023 A.D.

Dirhems Madīnat Sabtah 408 A.H. = 1018 A.D.

38. ولي العهد

لا اله الا

الله وحده

لا شريك له

يحي

image

الامام

القاسم

المأمون

امير المؤمنين

Marg.: ثمان و اربع مائـ

Borders: obv. 62, rev. 7.

P. 71a = V. 735 (Codera) = this coin (?).

HSA 13939 image 24, 2.60

Plate II

409 A.H. = 1018/19 A.D.

39. Obv. legend as no. 38.

Rev. legend as no. 38, no ornament.

Marg. تسع و اربع ما

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

P. 71c.1

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 25, 3.61

40. Obv. legend as no. 38.

Rev. legend as no. 38, image ornament:

Marg.: تسع وار

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

HSA 13953 image 25, 3.11

41. Obv. legend as no. 38.

الامام القاسم

المأمون

امير المؤمنين

Marg.: تسع و اربع مـ

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 72.

HSA 13954 image 24, 3.58

42.43. Obv. legend as no. 38.

Legend as no. 41, ornaments: image

Marg.: تسع و اربع مائة

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

HSA 13955 image 25, 3.74

Plate II

HSA 13956 image 26, 3.26

44. ولي العهد

الامام القاسم

المأمون

امير المؤمنين

يحي

image on top of يحي

Marg.: تسع (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 61.

P. 73.

HSA 13959 image 25, 2.74

45. image

Rev. legend, as no. 44, ornament: image

image image image

Marg.: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بمدينة سبتة سنة تسع وار (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 16.

HSA 13960 image 26, 3.40

Plate II

46. يحي

ولي العهد

الامام القاسم

المأمون

امير المؤمنين

Several letters terminate in palmettes.

Marg.: تسع و اربع (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 16.

P. 74a.

HSA 13962 image 25, 3.00, twice pierecd

Plate II

47. As no. 46, but date تسع

HSA 13719 image 25, 2.12, twice pierced

48. Obv. legend as no. 46.

Rev. legend as no. 46, ornaments: image

Marg.: تسع

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

HSA 13957 image 26, 2.37, twice pierced

End Notes
1 Prieto lists this as unique, but there are several specimens tabulated in Vives.

410 A.H. = 1019/20 A.D.

49. Date partially effaced, probably 410.

Obv. legend as no. 46.

Rev. legend as no. 46.

image image

Marg.: و اربع ما(⸮)ر —— بسم الله ضرب (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 74b1.

HSA 13961 image 26, 3.40, twice pierced

Plate II

50. Date effaced, probably 410.

As no. 49, but rev.: ∴/∵

Marg.: ...... (⸮) ء .... (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

HSA 13944 image 25, 2.89, twice pierced

51. ادريس

ولي العهد يحي

الامام القاسم

المأمون امير المؤمنين

The words امير المؤمنين abbreviated.

Marg.: عشر و اربع ما (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 76.

HSA 15678 image 24, 2.63, twice pierced

Plate II

52. Obv. legend as no. 51. ولي العهد

الامام القاسم

المأمون

امير المؤمنين

يحي

Marg.: عشر و اربع مائة (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 78a.

HSA 15680 image 25, 3.46

53. As no. 52 in all respects, but date: عشر و اربع ما

HSA 15681 image 26, 3.05, twice pierced and cracked

54. As no. 52 in all respects, but date: عشر و اربع مـ

HSA 15679 image 25, 2.96

End Notes
1 Prieto lists this as unique, but there were two specimens in the Vives collection.

411 A.H. = 1020/21 A.D.

55. Obv. legend as no. 51.

Rev. legend as no. 52.

Marg.: احد عشر اما (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

P. 78b.

HSA 15683 image 26, 3.28, pierced and cracked

56.

••

ادريس

Rev. legend as no. 52.

Marg.: احدي عشر واع (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 15, rev. 16.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 24, 2.77, twice pierced

57. Date obscure.

Obv. legend as no. 51.

Rev. legend as no. 52, but image at right.

Marg.: .... (⸮)د ... سنة ا (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 15, rev. 16.

HSA 15684 image 24, 2.38

58. ◦ / ادريس ◦

ولي العهد

الامام القاسم

المأمون امير

المؤمنين

يحي

Marg.: احدي عشر وار

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

p. 79 = V. 748 (Codera) = this coin (?).

HSA 15685 image 25, 3.15, twice pierced

Plate II

412 A.H. = 1021/22 A.D.

59. ادريس (ends in palmette)

ولي العهد

الامام القاسم

المأمون

امير المؤمنين

يحي

Marg.: اثنى عشر و اربع (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 78d.

HSA 15682 image 25, 4.50

Plate II

Al-Andalus (Malaga)
410 A.H. = 1019/20 A.D.

60. ٢

الامام القاسم

المأمون

امير المؤمنين

ولى العهد يحي

Marg.: عشر و اربع مـ Three letters end in elaborate palmettes.

Borders: obv. 3a, rev. 7.

P. 69b.

HSA 15676 image 28, 3.96

Plate II

61. ٢ ٢

Rev. legend as no. 60, points:

القاسم • العهد يحي

••

Marg.: عشر و اربع ماه Palmettes as on no. 60.

Borders: obv. 3a, rev. 7.

HSA 13948 image 26, 3.86

62. image

Rev. legend as no. 60, points:

• العهد يحي
•• •

Marg.: عشر و اربع مائة Five letters end in elaborate palmettes.

Borders: obv. 6a, rev. 7.

HSA 13949 image 24, 3.48

Plate II

63. ∴ image

Rev. legend as no. 60, ornament:

Marg.: عشر و اربعمائة Palmettes as on no. 60.

Borders: obv. 6a, rev. 16.

ANS image 24, 3.00

2 Miles

64. Uncertain ornament

Rev. legend as no. 60.

Marg.: عشر و اربع ما Palmettes as on no. 62.

Borders: obv. 3a, rev. 7.

ANS (Newell ex Campaner) image 26, 2.34

65. Uncertain ornament

Rev. legend as no. 60.

Marg.: عشر و اربع مائـ Palmettes as on no. 60, but cramped style.

Borders: obv. 6a, rev. 7.

HSA 15677 image 24, 2.67

66. image

Rev. legend as no. 60.

Marg.: عشر وار (no palmettes)

Borders: obv. 53, rev. 7.

HSA 13960 image 24, 3.62

Plate III

67. .....

Rev. legend as no. 60.

Marg.: .....عشر وار (no palmettes)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

HSA 13951 image 24, 3.76, twice pierced

68. Date uncertain. 410 A.H.?

Rev. legend as no. 59.

Marg.:....... سنة (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 3a, rev. 7a.

P. 70a.

HSA 13947 image 23, 1/3 coin lacking

AL-MU'TALI YAḤYĀ b. 'ALI
412–427 A.H. = 1021–1035 A.D.

Dinars
Madīnat Sabtah
418 A.H. = 1027/28 A.D.

69. ——

image

ولي العهد

الامام يحي

المعتلي بالله

امير المؤمنين

ادريس

Marg.: ثما عشرا و اربع

Borders: obv. and rev. 16.

Cf. P. 83f, which, however has حـ beneath the obverse.

HSA 15693 Ꜹ 23, 3.90

Plate III

421 A.H. = 1030 A.D.

70. قا/سم

Rev. legend as no. 69, no ornament.

Marg.: و اربع مـ (sic) احدا عشرا The type requires the date 421, not 411 as written. Also it will be noted that the of عشرين on the specimen of 426 has the appearance of an alif.

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

P. 85g.

HSA 15704 Ꜹ 22, 3.94

Plate III

2 *

426 A.H. = 1034/35 A.D.

71. As no. 70, but date: ست و عشرين وا

P. 851.

HSA 15705 Ꜹ 22, 4.03

Plate III

Dirhems
Madīnat Sabtah
414 A.H. = 1023/24 A.D.

72. ——

ولي العهد

الامام يحي

المعتلي بالله

امير المؤمنين

ادريس

Marg.: اربع عشر و (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 82d.

HSA 15686 Ꜹ 25, 2.92, twice pierced

415 A.H. = 1024/25 A.D.

73. ——/ح

Rev. legend as no. 72.

Marg.: (⸮)مـ (⸮)خمس عشر (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 83a.

HSA 15688 Ꜹ 24, 2.66

Plate III

74. As no. 73, but • ادريس, and date: خمس عشر

HSA 15687 Ꜹ 24, 3.47

416 A.H. = 1025/26 A.D.

75. As no. 73, but date: ست عشر و اربع

P. 83c.

ANS (Wood) image 23, 2.70, twice pierced

76. As no. 73, but letter beneath obv. obliterated by piercing, and date: ست عشر و اربع ما

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7, with some vertical letters extending into inner border.

HSA 15689 image 23, 2.28, twice pierced

77. Date obscure.

As no. 73, but date: ست (؟) عشر و اربع ما

Borders: as no. 76.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 24, 2.85

417 A.H. = 1026/27 A.D.

78. As no. 73, but date: (⸮ وا) سبع عشر

P. 83e.

HSA 15692 image 23, 2.96

79. / • ح •

Rev. legend as no. 72.

Marg.: سبع عشر (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

HSA 15580 image 24, 2.80

Plate III

418 A.H. = 1027/28 A.D.

80. / • ح •

Rev. legend as no. 72, but • at left of 1st and 3rd lines.

Marg.: ثمان عشر و —— بسم (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 83g.

HSA 15694 image 22, 3.17

81. —— سم

Rev. legend as no. 72.

Marg.: ثمان عشرا وار (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 85b.

HSA 15703 image 22, 2.72

Plate III

82. As no. 81, but date: ثمان عشر

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 22, 2.81

419 A.H. = 1028 A.D.

83. / قاسم

Rev. legend as no. 72.

Marg.: تسع عشر و اربع (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 84b. = V. 767 = this coin.1

HSA 15696 image 24, 3.16, pierced

Plate III

84. As no. 83, but date: تسع عشر

HSA 15701 image 22, 2.47

420 A.H. = 1029 A.D.

85. As no. 83, but date: عشرين و اربع مائة

Borders: obv. 15, rev. 16.

P. 84c.

HSA 15698 image 22, 3.21

86. As no. 83, but date: عشرين و اربع

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

ANS (Newell) image 22, 2.89, twice pierced

87. As no. 83, but date: (⸮) و, عشريـ

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

HSA 15695 image 1 22, 2.74

End Notes
1 Vives, probably by error, does not list Codera as the owner of this coin.

421 A.H. = 1030 A.D.

88. As no. 83, but date: احد و عشرين

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 9.

P. 84d.

HSA 15699 image 1 20, 2.59

89. As no. 83, but date عشـ (⸮) احد

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 4.

ANS (Newell ex Campaner) image 22, 2.47

90. As no. 83, but date: ىن ....احد

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

ANS (Newell) image 23, 3.11, pierced

91. As no. 83, but • at left of 4th line of rev., and date: احد و عشر اين

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 16.

HSA 15700 image 22, 2.89

Plate III

422 A.H. = 1030/31 A.D.

92. Date?/قاسم

Rev. legend as no. 72, ornaments: ○ / ••

Marg.: و اربع (⸮) عشرين (⸮) اثنتى (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 84e.

ANS (Newell ex Campaner) image 24, 2.45

423 A.H. = 1031/32 A.D.

93. As no. 83, but date: ثلث و عشر

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 84f.

HSA 15647 image 23, 2.95

425 A.H. = 1033/34 A.D.

94. / • قاسم •

Rev. legend as no. 72.

Marg.: خمس و عشر و اربع مـ (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 42, rev. 7.

P. 84h.

HSA 15702 image 23, 2.40

Plate III

AL-'ĀLI IDRĪS II b. YAḤYĀ
First Reign
434–438 A.H. = 1043–1047 A.D.1

Dirhems
Madīnat Sabtah
422 A.H. = 1050/51 A.D.

95. image ولي العهد

الامام ادريس

العالي بالله

امير المؤمنين

محمد

Marg.: اثنين (all four quarters rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 96a1 = V. 836 (Codera) = this coin (?)

HSA 15725 image 1 22, 2.04.

Plate III

End Notes
1 Although officially his first reign ended in 438, the coins demonstrate that he continued to exercise authority in certain areas from 439 until 446.

Al-Andalus
437 A.H. = 1045/46 A.D.

96. / محمد

الامام ادريس

العالي بالله

امير المؤمنين

image

Marg.: سبع و ثلثين واربـ —— بسم الله ضرب (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 15, rev. 7.

P. 93a.

HSA 15724 image 1 22, 2.45, twice pierced

97. Mint? As no. 96, but name beneath obv. obscure, and mint?

Marg.: سبع و ثلثـ (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

HSA 15722 image 2 22, 2.48, twice pierced

438 A.H. = 1046/47 A.D.

98. ——

Rev. legend as no. 96, ornament: image

Marg.: ثمان (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 93b.

HSA 15723 image 1 23, 1.71

Plate III

End Notes
1 Prieto throughout erroneously transcribes العلى بالله.

AL-MAHDI MUḤAMMAD I b. IDRĪS
438–446 A.H. = 1047–1055 A.D.

Dirhems
Al-Andalus (= Malaga)
439 A.H. = 1047/48 A.D.

99. image/محمد

image

الامام محمد

امير المؤمنين

المهدي بالله

image

Marg.: تسع و ثلتين

Borders: obv. 6a, rev. 7.

P. 103a.

ANS (Wood) image 1 25, 3.32

Plate III

100. / محمد

Rev. legend as no. 99, no ornaments.

Marg.: تسع و ثلثـ (1st quarter rectilinear)

Jesse Yoekers, image 22, 3.02

440 A.H. = 1048/49 A.D.

101. / محمد

Rev. legend as no. 99, no ornaments.

Marg.: اربعيـ (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 16, rev. 56.

P. 103b.

ANS (University Museum) image 22, 3.14

102. / • محمد •

الامير

الامام محمد

امير المؤمنين

المهدي بالله

يحي

Marg.: اربعين وار (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 42a, rev. 7.

P. 104a.

ANS image 1 23, 3.43

••

103. As no. 102, but date: اربعين وار

ANS (Newell) image 24, 4.00

Plate III

104. As no. 102, but date: اربعين و

Borders: obv. 6a, rev. 4.

ANS (Newell) image 1 24, 4.75

441 A.H. = 1049/50 A.D.

105. / محمد

Rev. legend as no. 102.

Marg.: احدي و اربعين (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6a, rev. 7.

P. 104b.

HSA 13729 image 2 24, 3.53

106.108. As no. 105.

HSA 13731 image 2 23, 3.55

Plate III

ANS (Wood) image 1 24, 3.03

Jesse Yockers, image 25, 3.82

109. As no. 105, but date: احدي وار بـ

ANS (Wood) image 2 24, 3.18

110. As no. 105, but scyphate, and date; احدي وار

ANS (Wood) image 1 23, 2.95

111. As no. 105, but date: (⸮)احدي وار

Borders: obv. 42a, rev. 7.

HSA 13730 image 2 24, 3.22

112. As no. 105, but scyphate, and date: ..... احدي وا

ANS (Wood) image 1 22, 3.19, fitted for ring

Plate III

113. As no. 105, but date: ..... احدي وار

Borders: obv. 3a, rev. 7.

ANS (Wood) image 1 23, 2.91

442 A.H. = 1050/51 A.D.

114. / محمد

Rev. legend as no. 102.

Marg.: اثنين و اربعين (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6a, rev. 7.

P. 104d.

HSA 13726 image 2 25, 4.67

Plate IV

115. As no. 114.

Borders: obv. 3a, rev. 7.

ANS image 1 24, 3.82

116. As no. 114, but date: اثنين و اربعـ

Borders: as no. 115.

ANS image 2 25, 3.80

117. As no. 114, but date: اثنتين وار

Borders: as no. 115.

HSA 13727 image 2 22, 3.23

118. As no. 114, but date: اثنتين وا

Borders: as no. 115.

HSA 13725 image 2 24, 3.19

119. As no. 114, but date: (⸮)اثنين و

Borders: as no. 115.

HSA 15732 image 2 24, 4.10

443 A.H. = 1051/52 A.D.

120. / محمد

Rev. legend as no. 102.

Marg.: ثلث و اربعين و (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 15, rev. 7.

P. 104e.

HSA 15735 image 2 22, 2.83

121. As no. 120, but date: ثلث و اربعين

Borders: obv. 6a, rev. 7.

ANS (Wood) image 2 24, 3.97

122.124. As no. 120, but date: ثلث و اربعـ

Borders: as no. 121.

HSA 13728 image 2 22, 3.55

Plate IV

ANS (Newell, ex White King) image 2 23, 4.49

ANS image 2 22, 2.32, twice pierced

125. As no. 122, but borders: obv. 3a, rev. 7.

ANS (Newell) image 2 23, 3.52

126.127. As no. 120, but date: ثلث وا

Borders: obv. 6a, rev. 16.

HSA 15733 Æ 22, 3.09

HSA 15734 Æ 24, 3.46

128.129. image

Rev. legend as no. 102.

Marg.: ثلث و اربعيـ (1st quarter rectilinear) Borders: obv. 3a, rev. 7.

P. 105.

HSA 15737 Æ 23, 3.38

ANS image 2 24, 3.99

Plate IV

130. As no. 128, but date: (⸮) ثلث وار

HSA 15736 Æ 23, 3.52

444 A.H. = 1052/53 A.D.

131. محمد/بن على

محمد

الامام

المهدي بالله

امير المؤمنين

الامير يحي

Marg.: اربع و اربعين

Borders: obv. 15, rev. 46.

P. 106.

HSA 15738 Æ 22, 2.15

Ca. 440–446 A.H. = 1048–1055 A.D.

132. Obv. completely effaced.

Rev. legend as no. 102.

Borders: rev. 7.

ANS (Newell, ex Valentine) Æ 20 (nearly square) 3.94

AL-'ĀLI IDRĪS II b. YAḤYĀ
Second Reign
444–447 A.H. = 1052–1055 A.D.

Dirhems
Al-Andalus
445 A.H. = 1053/54 A.D.

133. ——

uncertain ornament

الامام ادريس

العالي بالله

امير المؤمنين

◦◦

Marg.: خمس و اربعين —— بسم الله ضرب (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 3a, rev. 7.

P. 96b.

HSA 15719 Æ 24, 2.15

Plate IV

Ca. 445 A.H. = 1053/54 A.D.

134. ——

ولي العهد

الامام ادريس

العالى بالله

الظافر هو الله

امير المؤمنين

محمد

Marg.: date effaced (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 16.

P. 97.

HSA 15726 Æ 23, 1.61

AL-WĀTHIQ AL-QĀSIM II. b. MUḤAMMAD b. AL-QĀSIM
440–446 A.H. = 1048–1055 A.D.

Dirhems
Al-Andalus (= al-Jazīrah)
445 A.H. = 1053/54 A.D.

135. ⊚

الامير

الامام محمد

امير المؤمنين

المهدي بالله

القاسم

Marg.: خمس و اربعين و اربع ما

Borders: obv. 6a, rev. 7.

P. 107c.

HSA 13745 Æ 25, 3.71

Plate IV

Ca. 443–446 A.H. = 1051–1055 A.D.

136. / ⊙

Rev. legend as no. 135, but:

⊚ / ⊙

Marg.: date and mint effaced (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 3a, rev. 7.

HSA 15746 Æ 26, 3.22

137. image

• لا اله الا •

الله وحده

لا شرىك له

ornament?

Rev. legend as no. 135, but: • /

Marg.: date and mint effaced.

Borders: obv. 6a, rev. 7.

HSA 15739 Æ 23, 2.44

3 Miles


III. ZĪRID (Granada)1
BĀDĪS b. ḤABBŪS b. MĀKSIN AL-ṢINHĀJI2

Ca. 430–466 A.H. = 1038–1074 A.D.
(In name of Ḥammūdid, Idrīs II)

Dirhem 3
Madīnat Gharnāṭah
No Date (in 450's A.H. = 1060's A.D.)

138. ——4

image

الامام ادريس

بالله (sic) العلا

امير المؤمنين

Marg.: بمدينة غرناطة سنة ا —— بسم (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 15, rev. 7.

P. 111f.

HSA 15731 image 23, 3.32

139. As no. 138, but marg. ends: سنة.

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 16.

HSA 15729 image 23, 3.28

Plate IV

140. image

• لا اله الا

الله وحده

لا شريك له

◦ •

Rev. legend as no. 138, ornament: image and •• امير المؤمنين

* ◦

Marg.: غرناطة —— بسم الله (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 42, rev. 54.

ANS image 24, 3.16

Plate IV

141 ——.

Rev. legend as no. 138, ornament: ∴ /

Marg.: ......غرناط

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 25, 4.09

142. ——

Rev. legend as no. 138, ornament: image

•—

Marg.: (⸮)غرناطة —— بسم الله ضرب

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

ANS (Wood) image 25, 2.59

143. ——

Rev. legend as no. 138, but:

•• *

الامام ادريس

◦ ◦

Marg.: غرناطة —— بسم الله

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 9.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 23, 3.521

Plate IV

3 *

144. ——

Rev. legend asno. 138, ornament: image

◦ ◦

Marg.: غر —— بسم الله

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

HSA 15730 image 23, 2.96

Plate IV

145. ——

Rev. legend as no. 138, ornament above area, if any, effaced.

Marg.: .........بسم الله

Borders: effaced.

ANS (Wood) image 21, 1.76, clipped

146. ——

Rev. legend as no. 138, no ornament.

Marg.: .........بمد

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

ANS (Wood) image 22, 2.62

◦◦

147. As no. 144, but marg.: ..... بمدينة —— بسم الله

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

ANS (Wood) Æ 22, 3.18

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 28–32, 113–114.
1 The roughly oblong shape of this specimen resembles that of the heavier specimens, below.
2 Cf. Encyclopedia of Islām, s. v. Bādīs.
3 Coins of circular, or nearly circular, crude but conventional appearance, and more or less normal weight.
4 What appears to be a crescent-likee ornament on both obv. and rev. of many of these coins is simply a punch for ر or ن widely separated from the rest of the legend.

Double Dirhems (?) 1
Madīnat Gharnāṭah
No Date (in 450's A.H. = 1060's A.D.)

148. image

Rev. legend as no. 138, ornaments: image

لا اله الا

••

الله وحده

لا شريك له

* ◦ ◦

*

Marg.: غرناطة —— بسم (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 42, rev. 54.

HSA 15728 image 22 × 18, 4.47

149. image

• لا اله الا

الله وحده

لا شريك له

* •

image

• الامام ادريس

العلا بالله

•• •

امير المؤمنين

◦ *

Marg.: غرباطة —— بسم الله

Borders: obv. 42, rev. 54 (probably outer circle off flan).

HSA 14146 image 24 × 22, 5.68

Plate IV

150. ——

Rev. legend as no. 138, ornament: image ?

Marg.: image غرناطة

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

ANS (Wood) image 26 × 24, 6.75

Plate IV

151. ——

Rev. legend as no. 138, ornament: ○

Marg.: غرناطة

Borders: obv. off flan, rev. 7.

ANS (Wood) image 23 × 20, 5.10

152. ——

Rev. legend as no. 138, ornament: image

Marg. غرناط

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

HSA 14145 image 23 × 21, 7.59

End Notes
1 Crude coins, mostly roughly rectangular in shape, heavy in weight.

Al-Andalus (Malaga?)
Date Uncertain (in 450's A.H. = 1060's A.D.)

153. —— ○

الامام ادريس

العلا بالله

امير المؤمنين

Marg.: بالاندلس سنة سـ (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 9.

P. 111b.

HSA 15727 image 23 × 20, 6.03

Plate IV


IV. BERGHAWĀṬAH GOVERNOR OF CEUTA1

SAQAWT b. MUḤAMMAD

453–471 A.H. = 1061–1078 A.D.

Dirhems
Madīnat Sabtah

464 (?) A.H. = 1071/72 (?) A.D.

154. المنصور/المعان

سقوت

الحاجب

الامام

عبد الله

امير المؤمنين

بها الدولة

العز

Marg.: و ستين (⸮) بمدينة سبتة سنة اربع (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 52, rev. 55.

P. 126a; Hazard 883 = this coin.

HSA 14217 image 2 24, 3.71

Plate V

46X A.H. = 1068–1077 A.D.

155. As no. 154, but date: و ستين .......

HSA 13746 image 2 22, 3.28

Plate V

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 27, 31, 117; Harry W. Hazard, The Numismatic History of Late Medieval North Africa (ANS Numismatic Studies, No. 8), N. Y., 1952, pp. 67–59, 235–236, 281–282.

Date Effaced

156. As no. 154, but points: الامام • and • العز date effaced.

HSA 13747 image 2 22, 2.84

No Mint
No Date

157. Areas enclosed by eight-pointed star formed by obliquely superimposed squares.

الحاجب

لا اله الا الله

وحده لا شريك له

سيف الدولة

سقوت

الدولة (⸮) ضيا

الامام

عبد الله

امير المؤمنين

العز

Margin of both obv. and rev.: Qur'an IX 33 to ليظهر running along outer edge of star, using it as base-line.

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 3.

P. 127 = V. 881 (Codera) = this coin (almost certainly) = Hazard 887.

HSA 14218 image 2 24, 2.51

Plate V

Vives, and following him Prieto and Hazard, read ضياو الدولة in the fourth line of the obverse. This is a barely possible reading, but the form is scarcely likely, and I think سيف is more probable. Vives and Hazard read ضياو in the first line of the reverse; Prieto left the space blank. I believe ضيا can be read. Hazard (pp. 58–59), following a line of reasoning based on the difference of epithets on nos. 154–156 and no. 157, attributes this unusual coin to Saqawt b. al-'Izz b. Saqawt. But there are frequent numismatic instances of Moslem rulers using a variety of epithets; and I do not grasp Hazard's further argument (p. 59) that "no explanation has been offered.....for his appearance as chancellor following his undoubted death." The coin is undated. Hazard failed to observe that the descriptions by Vives and Prieto relate to the identical specimen; and that the HSA piece is this specimen.


V. BANŪ-KHAZAR (MAGHRĀWA)1

AL-MU'IZZ b. ZĪRI b. 'AṬĪYAH2

Dirhem
Madīnat Fās
410 A.H. = 1019/20 A.D.

158./○ الامام

القاسم

المأمون بالله

امير المؤمنين

المعز

Marg.: بمدينة فاس سنة عشر و اربع (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 1323 = V. 804 (Codera and Vives) = (probably) this coin.

HSA 15717 image 1 22, 3.87

Plate V

End Notes
1 The "Beniatia" and "Zenetas de Fez" of Prieto, pp. 31, 117.
2 Cf. Miles, Umayyads of Spain , pp. 80–81; Encyclopaedia of Islām, s. v. Zenāta. On the coin described below al-Mu'izz acknowledges the sovereignty of the Hammūdid Caliph, al-Qāsim I.
3 Prieto lists this issue as unique, but Vives had already inventoried two specimens.

VI. ELOTA — REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD1

MUJĀHID (?)

Dirhem
الوطة ("Eflota")
406 A.H. = 1015/16 A.D.

159. ——/.....?2 •الامام

عبد الله

امير المؤمنين

Marg.: الدرهم... بالوطة سنة ست و اربع • ◦ •3

Borders: obv. 15a, rev. 7.

P. 137 = V. 820 (Codera) = this coin (?).

HSA 15718 image 25, 3.37

Plate V

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 35, 105, 119. For the mint-name and mention of the coin here described, see Umayyads of Spain , pp. 53–54. Also cf. no. 357, infra.
2 It appears as though a line had been gouged out of the die.
3 For my doubts about the reading of the mint-name, see Umayyads of Spain , p. 54.

VII. ALMERIA—REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD1

ZUHAYR (?)

Dirhem
Almarīyah
406 (?) A.H. = 1015/16 (?) A.D.

160. / image

(⸮) المرية

الامام

عبد الله

امير المؤمنين

• ◦ • ◦

Marg.: (⸮) بالمرية سنة ست وار —— بسم الله (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 3a, rev. 17.

Cf. P. 140 (no date)2 = V. 1039 (Codera and Vives).

HSA 15745 image 1 23, 2.70

Plate V

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 29, 34, 40, 64, 119.
2 Prieto lists this as unique, but Vives gives two specimens. The coin illustrated by Prieto is not the HSA specimen.

VIII. 'ĀMIRID—VALENCIA1

AL-MANṢŪR 'ABD AL-'AZĪZ b. AL-NĀṢIR 'ABD AL-RAḤMĀN
b. ABĪ-'ĀMIR
412–453 A.H. = 1021–1061 A.D.

Fractional Dinars
No Mint
No Date

161. image

لا اله الا

الله وحده

⸮ر

image

الامام هشام

المؤيد بالله

عامر

No marginal legend.

Borders: obv. and rev. 27.

Cf. P. 142.

HSA 13226 Ꜹ 15, 1.43

Plate V

Mint Effaced (Al-Andalus)
428 A.H. = 1036/37 A.D.

162. image

(⸮)عامر

الامام هشام

امير المؤمنين

المؤيد بالله

نجبة

Obv. marg. ثمان ....... بسم الله ضرب هذا الدينر

Rev. marg.: Qur'ān IX 33.

Borders: obv. 15, rev. 28.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 13, 0.95

Plate V

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 34, 38–41, 62, 120–121.

No Mint
No Date

163.–165. image

لا اله الا الله الامام هشام

ابن نجبة المؤيد بالله

• عامر

No marginal legends.

Borders: obv. and rev. 30.

P. 147.

HSA 13228 Ꜹ 17, 2.15

HSA 13227 Ꜹ 15, 1.08

Plate V

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) Ꜹ 16, 1.11

166.–167. * image

الناصر المنصور

لا اله الا الله الامام هشام

ابن قومس طرفة

No marginal legends.

Borders: obv. and rev. 30.

P. 156.

HSA 15761 Ꜹ 15, 1.46

Plate V

HSA 15762 Ꜹ 14, 1.19

168. image ابن

الناصر المنصور

لا اله الا الله الامام هشام

image اغلب

No marginal legends.

Borders: obv. and rev. 30.

Cf. P. 158.

HSA 7906 Ꜹ 15, 1.12

Plate V

169. Similar to no. 168, but: اغلب

HSA 15764 Ꜹ 16, 1.87

170. Similar to no. 168, but beneath obv. image

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) Ꜹ 14, 1.30

171. ...... ابن

المظفر المنصور

لا اله الا الله الامام هشام

image اغلب

No marginal legends.

Borders: obv. and rev. 30.

Cf. P. 162.

HSA 548 Ꜹ 13, 1.08

Plate V

(PROBABLY 'ABD AL-'AZĪZ)

172. image الامام هشام

لا اله الا الله المؤيد بالله

وحده

No marginal legends.

Borders: obv. and rev. 30.

HSA 13225 Ꜹ 14, 1.13

Plate V

173. ..... لا اله

........

الامام هشام

المؤيد بالله

No marginal legends.

Borders: obv. and rev. 27.

HSA 7904 Ꜹ 16, 1.30

174. (⸮)لا اله الا الله ..... الامام

......... المؤىد بالله

No marginal legends.

Borders: obv. and rev. 30.

HSA 13217 Ꜹ 13, 1.00

Dirhems
Balansīyah (Valencia)
436 (?) A.H. = 1044/45 (?) A.D.

175. المعتصم image

المنصور

الامام هشام

المؤىد بالله

نجبة

Marg.: و ثلثين و اربعـ (⸮) سنة ست (⸮)بلنسية......

Borders: obv. 15, rev. 16.

P. 153b.

HSA 15754 image 1 24, 2.31

Plate V

441 A.H. = 1049/50 A.D.

176. As no. 175, but rev. —— ...... and marg.: الدرهم ببلنسية .......... سنة احدا

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 16.

P. 164a.

HSA 15756 Æ 24, 3.68, twice pierced

177. As no. 175, but rev. image/........ and marg.: الدرهم ........ بسم اببلنسية سنة احد

Borders: obv. 15, rev. 16.

HSA 15755 Æ 23, 2.36, twice pierced

Plate V

445 A.H. = 1053/54 A.D.

178. image ابن

الناصر المنصور

image ......

......

Marg.: ...... الدرهم ببلنسية سنة خمس و اربعين و اربـ .....

Borders: obv. 16, rev. 7.

P. 157b.

HSA 15757 image 1 22, 2.88

Plate VI

447 A.H. = 1045/56 A.D.

179. Area effaced except uncertain ornament at bottom. ابن

المنصور

.......

.......

(⸮)....... اغـ

4 Miles

Marg.: ....... م ببلنسية سنة سبع و اربعين و اربع .....

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 16.

P. 157d.

HSA 15758 Æ 21, 2.44

180. Mint effaced.

ornament? ابن

الناصر/image المنصور

الامام هشام

المؤيد بالله

.......

Marg.: سبع و اربعين و اربعـ ..... بسم الله (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

HSA 15759 Æ 21, 2.18

448 A.H. = 1046/57 A.D.

181. المظفر ابن

المنصور

ر in last line has floral termination. الامام هشام

المؤيد بالله

اغلب

Marg.: ....... ببلنسيه سنة ثمان و اربعـ

Borders: obv. 28, rev. 62.

P. 161a.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 22, 4.52

Plate VI

AL-MUẒAFFAR 'ABD AL-MALIK b. AL-MANṢŪR 'ABD
AL-'AZĪZ
453–457 A.H. = 1061–1065 A.D.

Fractional Dinars
No Mint
No Date

182. arabesque (partly off flan) [ام]الامـ

المظفر عبد الله

لا اله الا الله اغلب

image

No marginal legends.

Borders: obv. and rev. 30.

Cf. P. 165.

HSA 15765 Ꜹ 11, 1.14

Plate VI

183. image ابن

الناصر المنصور

لا اله الا الله (sic) الامام عبد

image اغلب

No marginal legends.

Borders: obv. and rev. 30.

HSA 15763 Ꜹ 16, 1.01

Plate VI

4 *

Dirhems
Balansīyah (Valencia)
455 A.H. = 1063 A.D.

184. image/image ابن

المظفر

الامام عبد الله

امير المؤمنين

اغلب

Marg.: ين وار ..... ببلنسية سنة خمس (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

P. 164b.

HSA 15760 image 1 22, 3.46

Plate VI

456 A.H. = 1063/64 A.D.

185. الظافر in last line has floral termination.

Rev. legend as no. 184.

Marg.: ست و خمسين و اربع مائة ...... ببا (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. and rev. 16.

P. 166a.

HSA 15800 image 1 22, 3.68

Plate VI

186. • الظافر/image

Rev. legend as no. 184.

Marg.: ت و خمسين و اربع مائة ...... (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

ANS (Wood, ex Low) image 1 21, 4.23

45X A.H. (ca. 456–457) = ca. 1063–1065 A.D.

187. Obv. as no. 186.

Rev. legend, as no. 184.

Marg.: و خمسين و اربعمـ ....... ببلنسية (1st quarter rectilinear?)

Borders: obv. and rev. 16.

HSA 15799 image 2 24, 7.091

End Notes
1 Double dirhem?

IX. 'ĀMIRID—ALMERIA1

AL-MANṢŪR 'ABD AL-'AZĪZ b. AL-NĀṢIR 'ABD AL-RAḤMĀN
b. ABI-'ĀMIR

Ruling in Almeria, ca. 429–435 A.H. = 1037–1044 A.D.

Fractional Dinars
Mint and Date (if any) Effaced2

188. ممـد (for محمد ⸮) المنصور

لا اله الا الله الامام هشام

محمد رسول الله المؤيد بالله

(⸮)بن اسود امير المؤمنين3

(⸮)الناصر

Obv. marg.: traces, including...... ب هذا .....

Rev. marg.: traces of Qur'ān IX 33.

Borders: obv. and rev. 22.

P. 174a.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 12, 0.83

Plate VI

189. As no. 188, but few traces in margin illegible.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 11, 0.81

190.–191. محمد المنصور

لا اله الا الله الامام هشام

محمد رسول الله المؤيد بالله

(⸮)بن اسود (⸮)امير المؤمنين

(⸮)سر

Margs.: traces, probably meaningles.

Borders: obv. and rev. 22.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 13, 0.80

Plate VI

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 13, 0.79

192201. image

(⸮)ابن عبد المنصور

لا اله الا الله الامام هشام

محمد رسول الله المؤيد بالله

الرحيم امير المؤمنين

Marg.: occasional traces on obverse, probably meaningless.

Borders: obv. 22, rev. 13.

Cf. P. 176a, described as having الناصر beneath the rev., but the illustration does not show this, and the dies appear to be identical with the above.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 10 specimens from identical obv. and rev. dies, the latter identical with rev. die of nos. 202–248, below, 10–14 mm., 0.96, 0.90, 0.82, 0.82, 0.81, 0.74, 0.68, 0.67, 0.64, 0.62

Plate VI

202.–248. Similar to nos. 192–201, but obv. from a different die, the names above and beneath mutilated and appearing to read الرحمن or the like, and بن حميم (the first mīm below the line of the other letters); but probably the same name is intended as on. nos. 192–201.

Margs.: occasional traces, probably meaningless.

Borders: obv. 17 (outer border usually off flan, final letters of 2nd and 3rd lines of area appear as annulets between inner borders), rev. 17.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 47 specimens from identical obv. and rev. dies, the latter identical with rev. die of nos. 192–201, above, 09–15mm., mostly about 11 mm., 1.06, 0.93, 0.82, 0.76, 0.74, 0.72, 0.71, 0.70, 0.68, 0.67, 0.66, 0.66, 0.63, 0.61, 0.61, 0.61, 0.60, 0.60, 0.60, 0.60, 0.59, 0.58, 0.58, 0.56, 0.55, 0.55, 0.55, 0.55, 0.55, 0.54, 0.52, 0.50, 0.48, 0.47, 0.47, 0.47, 0.46, 0.46, 0.45, 0.44, 0.39, 0.39, 0.39, 0.37, 0.36, 0.35, 0.34

Plate VI

249. Identical with nos. 202–248, same dies, but not in hoard.

ANS Ꜹ 13, 0.75

250.–256. Obv. as nos. 192–201. المنصور

الامام هشام

المؤيد بالله

امير المؤمنين

(⸮) الناصر1

Margs.: rare traces, probably meaningless.

Borders: obv. and rev. 22.

Cf. P. 176a.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 7 specimens from identical obv. and rev. dies, the former identical with obv. die of nos. 192–201, above, 11–13 mm., 1.01, 0.95, 0.80, 0.75, 0.75, 0.61, 0.40

Plate VI

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 39–40, 61, 121; Encyclopaedia of Islām, s. v. Almeria; R. Dozy, Recherches sur l'histoire et la littérature de l'Espagne pendant le moyen âge (3rd ed.), I, pp. 239ff.
1 This word is very obscure, but it resembles that on the silver (no. 260, below), which is quite probably الناصر.
2 The inscriptions on all these fractional dinars, as well as on the silver, ara barbarous or semi-barbarous and virtually illegible.
3 Garbled, second ا on side?

Fractional Dirhems
Date and Mint (if any) Effaced

257. الناصر المنصور

لا اله الا الله الامام هشام

محمد رسول الله المؤيد بالله

(⸮)غالب امير المؤمنين

image

Margs.: illegible traces, probably meaningless.

Borders: obv. and rev. 22.

P. 170d. There are fractional dirhems of Almería dated 430 and 431

A. H. (P. 170b, c).

HSA 15740 image 1 15, 1.12

Plate VI

258. Similar to no. 257, but cruder and legends only partially preserved.

HSA 15741 image 2 15, 0.89

259. محمد المنصور

لا اله الا الله الامام هشام

محمد رسول الله المؤيد بالله

(⸮)بن اسود امير المؤمنين
.........

Margs.: illegible traces.

Borders: obv. and rev. 22.

Cf. P. 174b, c, Almeria, 432 A. H. and no date, with similar legends, الناصر beneath rev.1

HSA 15744 image 2 16, 1.30

260. image (⸮) المنصور

عبد ........ الامام هشام

لا اله الا الله المؤيد بالله

محمد رسول الله امير المؤمنين

(⸮) الرحيم (⸮) الناصر

Margs.: obliterated or off flan.

Borders: obv. 22?, rev. 24.

Cf. P. 175, with ابن عبد الرحيم on one line beneath obv., and المنصور and الناصر above and beneath rev.

HSA 15743 image 2 18, 2.00

Plate VI

261. Probably similar to no. 260, with (⸮) ابن عبد above obv. area, name beneath mostly effaced; rev., المنصور clear above, (⸮) الناصر beneath.

HSA 15742 image 1 16, 1.55

End Notes
1 Mr. Jesse Yockers has a similar specimen in his collection, but there is no trace of a marginal legend, the border arrangement being 13.

X. TORTOSA—SLAVE KINGDOM1

MU'IZZ AL-DAWLAH SAYF AL-MILLAH MUQĀTIL (OR MUQĀBIL)

Ca. 427–445 A.H. = 1035–1054 A.D.

Dirhems
Ṭurṭūshah (Tortosa)

No Date

262. عبد الملك سيف الملة

لا اله الا الامام هشام

الله وحده المؤيد بالله

بن رضى مقاتل

Marg.: بطرطوشة سنـ

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 31.

P. 187b.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 24, 3.75

Plate VI

263. As no. 262, but obv. image and rev. image

◦ مقاتل

image

Marg.: بطرطوشة سنة

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 24, frg. lacking

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 38–39, 121–122.

No Mint
No Date

264.–265. image

As obverse.

Within circle: معز

الدولة

image

Within circle: لا اله

الا الله}⸮

In segments between points of large star: هم|لدر...|هذا|...|الله|بسم

Within segments: ودين|بالهد|ارسله|الله|....|محمد

P. 194 (probably) = V. 1392 (Codera, 2)1 = these specimens (?).

HSA 14256 Æ 23, 3.86

Plate VI

HSA 14257 Æ 24, 3.15

Vives attributed these unusual pieces to Mu'izz al-Dawlah of Lérida or Tortosa, ca. 445–450 A.H2. But the name of Yac'lā is not present, and it would seem more likely to me that they belong to Muqātil (?), although actually there is no clear evidence that they are issues of Tortosa at all.

End Notes
1 Also one of Vives.
2 P., pp. 121–122, 190.

XI. DENIA—SLAVE KINGDOM1

AL-MUWAFFAQ BI'LIĀH ABŪ'L-JAYSH MUJĀHID b.
'ABDULLĀH AL-'ĀMIRI

Ca. 405–436 A.H. = 1014–1045 A.D.

Dirhem
Madīnat Dānyah
435 A.H. = 1043/44 A.D.

266. على/حسن ◦

الامام هشام

امير المؤمنين

المؤيد بالله

مجاهد

Marg.: بمدينة دانية سنة خمسة و

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 22.

P. 207b.

ANS (Wood) image 1 23, 3.10

Plate VI

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 34–37, 122–123; Encyclopaedia of Islām, s. v. Mudjāhid.

IQBĀL AL-DAWLAH 'ALI b. MUJĀHID
436–468 A.H. = 1044–1076 A.D.

Dirhems
Dānyah
438 A.H. = 1046/47 A.D.

267. على/محمد اقبال

الامام هشام

امير المؤمنين

الدولة

Marg.: بدانية سنة ثمان و ثلا

Borders: obv. 45, rev. 57.

P. 209d.

ANS image 1 25, 3.41

Plate VI

440 A.H. = 1048/49 A.D.

268. As no. 267, but date: اربعين وار بـ

Rev. legend as no. 267, ornament: •

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 209f.

ANS (Wood) image 1 24, 2.82

441 A.H. = 1049/50 A.D.

269. As no. 267, but date: احدي و اربعين و

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 16.

P. 209g.

ANS (Wood) image 1 21, 2.48, twice pierced

270. Date?

Rev. as no. 268.

As no. 267, but date:

(sic) وابعن(⸮)احدي

Borders: obv. 15, rev. 7.

ANS (Newell) image 2 24, 3.03

Date Effaced (438–441 A.H. = 1046–1050 A.D.)

271. As no. 268, but date effaced.

ANS (Wood) image 2 21, 3.50

442 A.H. = 1050/51 A.D.

272. على/عبد الملك Rev. as no. 268.

Marg.: اثنتين و اربعين و اربعـ

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

P. 210a.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 24, 2.71

Plate VII

447 A.H. = 1045/56 A.D.

273. معز الدولة/محمد

Rev. as no. 268.

Marg.: سبع و اربعين و

Borders: obv. 45, rev. 7.

P. 212b.

ANS (Newell) image 1 24, 5.31

Plate VII

274. As no. 273, but date: سبع و اربعـ

Borders: obv. 42, rev. 69.

ANS (Newell) image 2 26, 4.47, twice pierced

448 A.H. = 1046/57 A.D.

275. As no. 273, but date: ثمان و اربعـ

Borders: obv. 2, rev. 7.

P. 212c.

ANS (Wood) image 1 23, 4.10

276. As preceding, but date: ثمان وا

Borders: obv. 2, rev. 5.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 25, 6.25

449 A.H. = 1057/58 A.D.

277. As no. 273, but date: تسع و اربعين

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 4.

P. 212d.

HSA 15867 image 1 25, 6.82

Plate VII

278. As preceding, but date: تسع و اربعـ

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 25, 8.11

450 A.H. = 1058/59 A.D.

279. As no. 273, but date: (⸮ـن)خمسيـ

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

Lacking in P.

HSA 15868 image 1 26, 6.20, frg. lacking

Date Effaced (446–455 A.H. = 1054–1063 A.D.)

280.–282. As no. 273, dates effaced.

HSA 15864 image 2 19, 2.21

HSA 15863 Æ 23, 3.79, twice pierced

HSA 15862 Æ 22, 3.21

467 A.H. = 1074/75 A.D.

283. معز الدولة/الفتح •

اقبال

الامام عبد الله

امير المؤمنين

الدولة

Marg.: سبع و ستين و اربعماة

Borders: obv. 7, rev. 4.

P. 216a.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 22, 3.27

Plate VII

284. As preceding, but date: سبع و ستين و اربعـ

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 4 (on the edge of the obverse, outside the outer circle, are what appear to be the bottoms of letters)

HSA 15865 image 25, 3.00

Plate VII

285. As preceding, but date: سبع و ستين

HSA 15866 image 1 24, 3.04

286. Date?

As preceding, but date: و ستين و اربعمئة(⸮)سبع

HSA 15860 image 1 4.39, twice pierced

468 A.H. = 1075/76 A.D.

287. As no. 283, but date: ثمان و ستين و اربعمائة

Borders: obv. 7, rev. 4.

P. 216b.

ANS (Wood) image 23, 3.62, twice pierced

5 Miles

288.–289. As preceding, but date: ثمان و ستين و اربع مائة

ANS (Newell) image 1 23, 4.87

ANS (Wood) image 24, 3.90, twice pierced

290. As preceding, but date: ثمان و ستين و اربع

ANS (Newell, as Campaner) image 24, 4.47

291. As preceding, but date: ........ ثما

HSA 15859 image 1 23, 3.56, frg. lacking


XII. KINGDOM OF MALLORCA1

'ABDULLĀH AL-MURTAḌĀ
468–486 A.H. = 1076–1093 A.D.

Dirhems
Madīnat Mayūrqah

480 A.H. = 1087/88 A.D.

292. •• ◦ •

المرتضى ابن

لا اله الا الله الامام عبد الله

∴ ∴ ••

وحده لا شريك له امير المؤمنين

عبد الله ◦ •

image اغلب

Marg.: بمدينة ميورقة سنة ثمانين و اربعمئة Various points and circles in margin.2

Borders: obv. 3 or 6, rev. 31 or 35. Occasional annulets above marginal legend and in borders.

P. 218a.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 23, 4.06

Plate VII

293. Obv. as no. 292, but عبد الله and date: ثمانين واربعـ image

Rev. as no. 292.

ANS (Wood, ex Low) image 1 24, 3.26

5*

294. As no. 293, but last digit partly obliterated by piercings.

HSA 15833 image 1 24, 4.88, twice pierced

295. Obv. as no. 293, but date: ثمانين وار

Rev. as no. 292, but: امير المؤمنين

ANS (Wood) image 1 24, 5.27

• ◦

296. Obv.as no. 292, but: لا اله الا الله and date: ثمانين و ابن ◦

الامام عبد الله

امير المؤمنين

◦ •

اغلب

◦ ◦

ANS (Wood) image 1 25, 5.52, twice pierced

297. Obv. as no. 292, but: وحده لا شريك له

◦ •

Rev. as no. 292, but: ∴ اغلب ∴

∴ عبد الله ∴

image

and date: مائة (sic) و اربعة (sic) بمدينة ميورقة ثمانين

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image l 24, 4.34

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 35–37, 123.
2 Throughout this series.

481 A.H. = 1088/89 A.D.

298.–300. Obv. as no. 292, but date: احدا و ثمانين

Rev. as no. 292, but:

• ◦

امير المؤمنين

اغلب

P. 218b.

HSA 15834 image 1 23, 4.52

ANS (Wood) image 1 23, 3.40

ANS (University Museum) image 1 23, 4.47

301. Obv. as no. 298, but: عبد الله and marginal imagelegend begins at 9 o'clock.

Rev. as no. 292, but partially obliterated by piercings, and: اغلب

ANS (Wood) image 1 23, 3.36, twice pierced

302. As no. 298, but partially obliterated by piercings, and marginal legend begins at 11 o'clock.

HSA 15835 image 1 23, 2.19, twice pierced

303. Obv. as no. 292, but date: احدا وثما

Rev. as no. 292, but: اغلب

ANS (Wood, ex Low) image 1 23, 3.89

Plate VII

482 A.H. = 1089/90 A.D.

304. Obv. as no. 292, but date: اثنا و ثمانين و اربعمائة

Rev. as no. 292, but: اغلب

P. 218c.

ANS (Wood) image 1 23, 3.70

Plate VII

305. Obv. as no. 292, but date: اثنا و ثمانين

Rev. as no. 304.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 21, 3.51

306. Obv. as no. 292, but date: اثنا و ثمانين وار

Rev. as no. 292, but: اغلب

ANS (Newell) image 1 22, 3.55

307. Obv. as no. 292, but date: اثنا و ثمانين و

Rev. as no. 292, but:

امير المؤمنين

اغلب

HSA 15837 image 1 21, 3.20, twice pierced

308. Obv. as no. 292, but date: اثنا و ثمانين و اربعـ

Rev. as no. 292, but:

امير المؤمنين

(sic) غلب

ANS (Wood) image 1 22, 3.72

483 A.H. = 1090/91 A.D.

309. Obv. as no. 292, but date: ثلاثة و ثمانين و

Rev. as no. 292, but:

اغلب

P. 218d.

HSA 15836 image 1 22, 4.12

Plate VII

310. As preceding, but end of date obliterated.

HSA 15838 image l 20, 3.06, twice pierced

311. Obv. as no. 292, but date: ثلاثة و ثمنين وا

Rev. as no. 309.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 22, 3.94

••

312. المرتضى

◦ ◦

Rev. as no. 292, but: ∴ اغلب

لا اله الا الله

وحده لا شريك له

∴ عبد الله ∴

Marg.: ثلاثة و ثما

ANS (Wood) image 1 22, 5.25

313. Obv. as preceding, but date: ثلاثة و ثمـ

Rev. as no. 292, but:

∴ •

◦ اغلب ∴

ANS (Wood) image 1 22, 5.77

484 A.H. = 1091/92 A.D.

314. Obv. as no. 312, but image beneath, and date: اربعة و ثمانين و اربع مائة

Rev. as no. 292, but:

◦ •

∴ اغلب ∴

P. 218e.

ANS (Wood) image 1 23, 4.18

315. Obv. as no. 312, but date: اربعة و ثمانين و اربعـ

Rev. as no. 314.

ANS (Wood) image 1 25, 5.64

316. Obv. as no. 312, but date: اربعة و ثمانين واربـ

Rev. as no. 314.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 24, 4.17

317. Obv. as no. 312, but date: اربعة و ثمنين واربـ

Rev. as no. 314.

HSA 15839 image 1 24, 5.40

318. Obv. as no. 314, but date: (sic) اربعة و ثمانين وابـ

Rev. as no. 292, but: ∴ اغلب ∴

HSA 15840 image 1 22, 3.40

Plate VII

485 A.H. = 1092/93 A.D.

319. Obv. as no. 312, but image beneath, and date: خمسة و ثمانن

Rev. as no. 314.

P. 218g.

ANS (Wood) image 1 22, 4.29, twice pierced

320. المرتضى

Rev. as no. 314.

لا اله الا الله

وحده لا شريك له

∴ عبد الله ∴

image

Marg.: خمسة و ثمانين وا

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 24, 4.42

486 A.H. = 1093 A.D.

321. Obv. as no. 312, but image beneath, and date: ..... ستة و ثمانين وا

Rev. as no. 318.

P. 218h.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 23, 3.90

322. Obv. as no. 320, but date: ستة و ثمانين

Rev. as no. 318.

ANS (Wood, ex Low) image 1 25, 4.87

Plate VII

NĀṢIR AL-DAWLAH MUBASHIR b. SULAYMĀN
486–508 A.H. = 1093–1115 A.D.

Dirhems
Madīnat
Mayūrqah
487 A.H. = 1094/95 A.D.

323. ∴

مبشرين ناصر

لا اله الا الله الامام عبد الله

* ••

محمد رسول الله امير المؤمنين

◦ سليمن ◦ ◦ الدولة ◦

Marg.: بمدينة ميورقة سنة سبع و ثمانن

Borders: obv. 25, rev. 43 or 44.1

P. 219a.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 24, 4.36

Plate VII

488 A.H. = 1095 A.D.

◦ • ∴

324. Obv. as no. 323, but مبشرين and date: ثمان و ثمانن

Rev. as no. 323, but: الدولة

P. 219b.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 24, 4.20

494 A.H. = 1100/01 A.D.

325. Obv. as no. 324, but date: (sic)اربع و تسمــمه

Rev. as no. 323.

P. 219f.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 24, 5.76

End Notes
1 The flans of these specimens frequently are not large enough to accomodate the complete die, and hence the outer linear borders are often lacking.

499 A.H. = 1105/06 A.D.

• ◦

326. Obv. as no. 323, but مبشرين and date: تسع و تسـ

Rev. as no. 324.

P. 219i.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image l 23, 4.05

Plate VII

501 A.H. = 1107/08 A.D.

327. Obv. as no. 323, but مبشرين and date: احد و خمسـ

Rev. as no. 323.

P. 219k.

ANS image 22, 3.80

505 A.H. = 1111/12 A.D.

328 1. Obv. asno. 324, but date: خمس و خمسمئـ

Rev. as no. 323, but ناصر and •الدولة•

P. 219o.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 20 × 22 (nearly square) 4.66

Plate VIII

506 A.H. = 1112/13 A.D.

329. ◦ • ∴

مبشرين ......

لا اله الا الله ......

•••••

....... محمد ر امير المؤمنين

.... سل ◦ ◦الدولة◦

Marg.: ستة و خمسممـ

P. 219p.

ANS (Wood) Æ 25 (nearly square), frg.

End Notes
1 Mr. Jesse Yockers has a specimen similar to no. 328, but with date and rev. similar to no. 324.

507 A.H. = 1113/14 A.D.

330. As no. 323, but مبشرين and محمد رسود الله and date: سبع و

P. 219q.

HSA 13952 image 1 22 (nearly square) 4.26

508 A.H. (?) = 1114/15 A.D. (?)

331. Obv. as no. 330, but ◦ سليمن and date: (⸮)ثما

Rev. as no. 324.

P. 219r.

HSA 13963 image 1 22 × 23 (nearly square) 4.48

Plate VIII

Date Effaced

332. As nos. 323–331, but date and mint effaced and ornaments obscure.

ANS (Newell) image 1 23 × 25 (irregular shape) 5.50


XIII. TUJĪBID OF ZARAGOZA1

AL-MUẒAFFAR YAḤYĀ b. MUNDHIR
414–420 A.H. = 1023–1029 A.D.

Fractional Dinar
(Madīnat) Saraqusṭah
418 A.H. = 1027/28 A.D.

333. image الحاجب

لا اله الا الامام عبد الله

الله وحده امير المؤمنين

لا شريك له يحي

Marg.: Qur'ān IX 33

Marg.:........ سرقسطة سنة ثمان ....

Borders: obv. and rev. 23.

Similar to P. 223, date lacking.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 12, 0.90

Plate VIII

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 43–45, 125–126.

MU'IZZ AL-DAWLAH AL-MANṢŪR MUNDHIR II b. YAḤYĀ
420–430 A.H. = 1029–1039 A.D.

Dinars
Saraqusṭah
423 A.H. = 1031/32 A.D.

334. image الحاجب

لا اله الا •الامام هشام

الله وحده امير المؤمنين

لا شريك له (floral ر) المعتد بالله

منذر

Marg.: Qur'ān IX 33, complete

Marg.: بسرقسطة سنة ثلث

و عشرين و اربع مائة

Borders: obv. and rev. 18.

P. 226a = V. 1138 (Codera) = this coin.1

HSA 15777 Ꜹ 22, 3.87

Plate VIII

428 A.H. = 1036/37 A.D.

335. الحاجب/منذر image

الامام عبد الله

امير المؤمنين

نبيل

Marg.: Qur'ān IX 33, to ولوكر

Marg.: بسرقسطة سنة
ثمان و عشرين و اربعما

Borders: obv. and rev. 20.

P. 229.

HSA 15778 Ꜹ 22, 3.02

Plate VIII

End Notes
1 Prieto y Vives mistakenly has مدينة سرقسطة in the transcription. The word مدينة is certainly lacking in this specimen, which he illustrates. Vives listed two other specimens; perhaps the word was present in one or both of them.

Fractional Dinars
Saraqustah
428 A.H. = 1036/37 A.D.

336 image image

الامام عبد الله

امير المؤمنين

Marg.: Qur'ān IX 33, to ولوكر

Marg.: بسرقسطة سنة

..... ثمان و عشرين و

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

P. 230 = V. 1141 (Codera) = this coin.

HSA 15779 Ꜹ 14 × 17, 1.71

Plate VIII

Date Effaced

337. الحاجب/منذر

Rev. area similar to no. 335.

Marg.: traces

Marg.: effaced

Borders: traces.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 12 × 14, 1.03

338. /منذر ...........

الامام هشام

امير المؤمنين

المعتد بالله

? obscure

Marg.: traces

Borders: obv. and rev. 21.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 10 × 11, 0.78

Dirhems
Saraqusṭah
430 A.H. = 1038/39 A.D.

339. image/محب1 المنصور

الامام عبد الله

امير المؤمنين

منذر

Marg.: بسرقسطة سنة ثلتين

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 7.

P. 231 = V. 1142 (Codera2 and Vives) = this coin.

HSA 15814 image 1 25, 3.55, twice pierced

340. As no. 339, but date: ثلثين و اربع مائة

HSA 15815 image 1 24, 2.61, twice pierced

Plate VIII

341. As no. 339, but date: ثلثين و اربعما

HSA 15816 image 1 26, 3.96, twice pierced

End Notes
1 Prieto y Vives and Vives transcribed محمد (?), but it seems to me clear that the letters on this specimen as well as on the two others below are clearly محب. The final letter cannot possibly be dāl.
2 Three specimens in the Codera collection according to Vives. The two others are probably nos. 340 and 341, below.

'ABDULLĀH b. AL-ḤAKAM1
430–431 A.H. = 1039 A.D.

Dirhem
Saraqusṭah
430 A.H. = 1039 A.D.

342. image الحاحب

الامام هشام

امير المؤمنين

المؤيد بالله

عبد الله

Marg.: بسرقسطة سنة ثلثين وار

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 11.

P. 232 = V. 1143 (Codera) = this coin.

HSA 15813 image 1 24, 2.98, twice pierced

Plate VIII

End Notes
1 See Dozy, Recheches, I (3rd ed.), pp. 235–239.

XIV. HŪDID OF ZARAGOZA1

AL-MUSTA'ĪN ABŪ-AYYŪB SULAYMĀN b. HŪD
431–438 A.H. = 1039–1047 A.D.

Fractional Dinars
Mint Effaced
Date Effaced

343. / ابن هود بالله

المستعين

الامام هشام

المؤيد بالله

Marg.: traces.

Borders: obv. and rev. 23.

P. 234b.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 11, 0.60

Plate VIII

43X A.H.

344. ابن/هود

Rev. as no. 343.

Marg.: ين وا ..... بسم الله ضرب

Marg.: Qur'ān IX 33, traces.

Borders: obv. and rev. 35.

Similar to P. 235 (dated 431).

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 13, 1.21

Plate VIII

6 Miles

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 46–50, 126–131: Dozy, Recherches, I (3rd ed.), pp. 231ff.

Date Effaced

345. Similar to no. 344, but traces only of margins, and borders apparently obv. and rev. 23.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 11, 0.88

346. ◦/احمد بالله.

المستعين

الامام هشام

امير المؤمنين

• المؤيد بالله

Marg.: traces.

Marg.: off flan.

Borders: obv. 21, rev. 26.

Similar to P. 238 (dated 432)

HSA 15781 Ꜹ 11, 0.71

Plate VIII

No Date

347. لا اله الا

Rev. as no. 343.

الله وحده

احمد

No marginal legends.

Borders: obv. and rev. 27.

P. 243.

HSA 15780 Ꜹ 13, 1.05

348. الله المستعين

لا اله الا الامام هشام

احمد المؤيد بالله

No marginal legends.

Borders: obv. 13, rev. 30.

P. 244.

HSA 15782 Ꜹ 12, 0.97

Dirhems
Al-Andalus
436 A.H. = 1044/45 A.D.

349. image/احمد image

المستعين بالله

الامام هشام

المؤيد بالله

image

Marg.: بالاندلس سنة ست و ثلثين و اربعـ

Borders: obv. 6a, rev. 7a.

P. 241b. HSA 15806 Ꜹ1 26, 3.97, twice pierced

350. image/احمد

Rev. as no. 349, but: ◦/•

Marg.: ستة و ثلثـ

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

HSA 15804 Ꜹ2 23, 4.19

351. Date?

Obv. as no. 349, but date: ....... (⸮)ست

Rev. as no. 349, but:. image/image

Borders: as no. 350.

HSA 15805 Ꜹ1 24, 3.42.

Plate VIII

6*

Saraqusṭah
431 A.H. = 1039/40 A.D.

352. ornament/ابن هود الحاجب

الامام هشام

امير المؤمنين

المؤيد بالله

Marg.: بسرقسطة سنة احد و ثلثـ

Borders: obv. 53, rev. obscure.

P. 233 = V. 1144 = probably this coin.

HSA 15812 image1 26, 2.64

353. Obv. as no. 352, but date: احد و ثلثين بالله

المستعين

الامام هشام

المؤيد بالله

Borders: obv. 6a, rev. 11.

P. 234a = V. 1145 (Codera) = this coin.

HSA 15811 image 1 24, 4.60

436 A.H. = 1044/45 A.D.

354. image/احمد (obscure)

Rev. as no. 352, but: image/image

Marg.: ست و ثلشين و اربع مائة

Borders: obv. obscure, rev. 7.

P. 241a.

HSA 15810 image 1 24, 2.58

355. Obv. as no. 354, but date: ستة و ثلثين و اربع مائة

Rev. as no. 352, but: image و of المؤيد has floral ending.

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

HSA 15809 image 1 26, 3.77, twice pierced

Plate VIII

356 image/احمد

Rev. as no. 352, but: image

Marg.:............ ست

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7?

HSA 15803 image 1 24, 3.37, twice pierced.

الوطة ("Elota")1

436 A.H. = 1044/45 A.D.

357. image/احمد بالله

المستعين

الامام هشام

امير المؤمنين

Marg.: بالوطة سنة ستة و ثلثين و اربعـ

Borders: obv. 15a, rev. 16.

HSA 15802 image 1 24, 3.43

Plate IX

No Mint Name
437 A.H. = 1045/46 A.D.

358. ◦/احمد

Rev. as no. 352, but: ornament?/image

Marg.: ...... بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم سنة سبع و ثلثـ

Borders: obv. 6. rev. 7.

P. 241d.

HSA 15807 image 2 26, 3.68, twice pierced

359. /احمد

Rev. as no. 352, but: ◦/image

Marg.: ين و اربعـ .... سبع و ..... بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم (not enough space for mint name)

Borders: as no. 358.

HSA 15808 image 1 25, 3.04, twice pierced

Plate IX

End Notes
1 Cf. no. 159, above, and the notes there.

TĀJ AL-DAWLAH SULAYMĀN (b. YŪSUF?)1
Ca. 438–441 A.H. = 1046–1050 A.D.

Fractional Dinars
No Mint
No Date

360. سليمن الحاجب

لا اله الا الله الامام هشام

ابن ابى نصر المؤيد بالله

Borders: obv. and rev. 30

P. 249.

HSA 15783 image 13, 0.93

361. image الحاجب

لا اله الا لامام هشام

الله وحده لمؤيد بالله

ابن ابى نصر سليمن

Borders: as no. 360.

P. 250 = V. 1160 (Codera and others) = this coin.

HSA 15784 Ꜹ 12 × 14, 1.53

Plate IX

362. ابن

Rev. as no. 361.

لا اله الا

الله وحده

ابى نصر

Borders: as no. 360.

HSA 15786 Ꜹ 12, 0.96

Plate IX

363. image تاج الدولة

لا اله الا الامام هشام

الله وحده المؤيد بالله

ابن ابى نصر سليمن

Borders: as no. 360.

P. 256b.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) Ꜹ 12 × 14, 0.98

Plate IX

364. ◦ الحاجب

لا اله الا الامام هشام

الله وحده المؤيد بالله

ادريس

Borders: as no. 360.

P. 2681 = V. 1158 (Codera) = this coin (?)

HSA 15785 Ꜹ 14 × 15, 1.26

Plate IX

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 46, 127.
1 Attributed to Zaragoza on the basis of style.

Dirhems
Saraqusṭah
439 A.H. = 1047/48 A.D.

365. image الحاجب

(ر of شريك has floral ending) الامام هشام

المؤيد بالله

(و of المؤيد has floral ending)

Marg.: بسرقسطة سنة تسع

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 259 = V. 1166 = this coin (?).

HSA 15817 image 24, 3.88

Plate IX

'IMĀD AL-DAWLAH AL-MUQTADIR AḤMAD b. SULAYMĀN
441–4751 A.H. = 1049–1083 A.D.

Fractional Dinars
No Mint
No Date

366.2 لا اله الا الحاجب

الله وحده الامام هشام

ابن هود المؤيد بالله

(⸮)احمد

Borders: obv. and rev. 30.

HSA 15791 image 12, 1.27

Plate IX

367. / ابن هود الحاجب

الامام هشام

امير المؤمنين

المؤيد بالله

(sic?) عمادولة

Margins: obv. none on flan, rev. traces (?).

Borders: obv. 14, rev. 21.

Cf. P. 263b.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 12, 0.90

Plate IX

End Notes
1 Cf. P., p. 128, for the anomay of Yūsuf's (Ahmad's successor) coins struck in 474.
2 Attribuiion doubtful.

Dirhems
Saraqusṭah
441 A.H. = 1049/50 A.D.

368. ابن هود الحاجب

image

لا اله الا الامام هشام

الله وحده امير المؤمنين

لا شريك له المؤيد بالله

نصر عماد الدولة

Marg.: بسرقسطة سنة احدي و

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 262 = V. 1170 (Codera) = this coin.

HSA 15904 image 1 24, 2.54

Plate IX

369. image/خير عماد الدولة

الامام هشام

المؤيد بالله

احمد (د has floral ending)

Marg.: احدي

Borders: as no. 368.

P. 265a.

HSA 15903 image 1 25, 3.32

Plate IX

370. image/خير
••

Rev. legend as no. 369.

Marg.: احدا وار

Borders: as no. 368.

HSA 15902 image 1 24, 2.06

444 A.H. = 1052/53 A.D.

371. image/خير

Rev. legend as no. 369, but: image

Marg.: اربع و اربعـ

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

P. 265d.

HSA 15901 image 1 26, 4.23

372. image/خير

Rev. legend as no. 369.

Marg.: اربع و اربـ

Borders: obv. and rev. 7 (with annulets between outer circles).

ANS (Wood, ex Low) image 1 26, 3.63

Plate IX

373. image/خير

Rev. legend as no. 369.

Marg.: اربع وار

Borders: obv. 7, rev. as no. 372.

HSA 15900 image 1 26, 5.96

445 A.H. = 1053/54 A.D.

374. Obv. as no. 372, but date: خمس وا

Rev. legend as no. 369.

Borders: as no. 372.

P. 265f.

ANS (Wood, ex Low) image 1 27, 4.29

Plate IX

375. Date?

As no. 374, but Æ, ornament above obv. obscure, date و اربعـ(⸮)خمس, and outer borders obscure.

HSA 15898 Æ 27, 3.43, punched but not pierced.

446 A.H. = 1054/55 A.D.

376. image/خير

Rev. legend as no. 369.

Marg.: ست و اربـ

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

P. 265g.

HSA 15897 image 1 27, 4.35

Plate IX

447 A.H. = 1055/56 A.D.

377. image/خير

Rev. legend as no. 369.

Marg.: سبع و اربعين

Borders: as no. 372.

P. 265h.

HSA 15896 image 1 26, 4.13

378. image••/حـ

Rev. as no. 369, but ◦ above, and • at end of 2nd line and in center.

Marg.: سبع و اربعين و اربع

Borders: obv. 18, rev. 11.

P. 266.

HSA 15894 image 1 24, 3.52

Plate IX

379. image

Rev. as no. 369, but • at end of 2nd at 3rd lines.

Marg.: سبع و اربعيـ

Borders: as no. 372.

P. 267a.

ANS (Newell) image 1 26, 5.29

380. image

Rev. legend as no. 369.

Marg.: سبع و اربعـ

Borders: obv. 7, rev. 7 with annulets.

HSA 15895 image 1 25, 3.43

381. image

Rev. legend as no. 379.

Marg.:....... سبع وار

Borders: obv. 7, rev. 7 with annulets.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 25, 4.22

Date Effaced (441–447 A.H.)

382. image/خير

Rev. legend as no. 369.

HSA 15893 image 2 24 × 20, irregular flan, 3.89

383. ornament?/(⸮) خير

Rev. legend as no. 369.

Crude style.

HSA 14247 image 2 24, 2.43

448 A.H. = 1056/57 A.D.

384.–385. image

Rev. legend as no. 369.

Marg.: ثمانيه و اربعين و

Borders: as no. 372.

P. 267b.

HSA 15891 image 1 24, 3.19

Plate X

HSA 15892 image 1 25, 4.23

449 A.H. = 1057/58 A.D.

386.–387. image

Rev. legend as no. 369.

Marg.: تسع وار

Borders: as no. 381.

P. 267c.

HSA 15889 image 1 25, 3.28

Plate X

HSA 15890 image 2 24, 3.71

388. Date? Anomalous style and fabric. ornament?/

Rev. legend as no. 369.

Marg.:......(⸮)و اربعين(⸮)تسع

Borders: obv. 7 or 16, rev. 7.

HSA 15590 Æ thick, 28, 7.12, twice pierced

450 A.H. = 1058/59 A.D.

389. image

Rev. legend as no. 369.

Marg.: خمسين

Borders: obv. and rev. 16.

P. 267d.

HSA 15887 image 1 24, 3.58

390. image

Rev. legend as no. 369.

Marg.: as no. 389.

Borders: obv. 7 with annulets, rev. 16.

HSA 15888 image 1 24, 3.20

391. ornament?image

Rev. legend as no. 369.

Marg.: خمسيـ

Borders: as no. 372.

HSA 15899 image 1 26, 4.76

Plate X

456 A.H. = 1063/64 A.D.

392. image

Rev. legend as no. 369.

Marg.: ست و خمسين

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

P. 267g.

HSA 15885 image 2 28, 5.01

464 A.H. = 1071/72 A.D.

393. ع/

Rev. legend as no. 369.

Marg.:..... اربع و ستـ

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

P. 268e.

ANS (Newell) image 1 25, 6.48

465 A.H. = 1072/73 A.D.

394. Date? عل

Rev. legend as no. 369, but:

• خمس و ستـ •

Marg.: (⸮)ست و ستين واربـ

Borders: obv. 16, rev. 7.

P. 268f.

HSA 15886 image 2 25, 3.51

466 A.H. = 1073/74 A.D.

395. ع

Rev. legend as no. 369.

Marg.: ست و ستين واربـ

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.1

P. 268g.

HSA 15884 image 2 25, 5.47

Plate X

396. As no. 395, but date ends: و ستين

HSA 15882 image 2 23, 3.47

397. As no. 395, but obv. area effaced and date ends:...... و ستين

HSA 15883 image 2 24, 4.43

End Notes
1 Part or all of the outer circle frequently off the flan on the succeeding specimens below.

467 A.H. = 1074/75 A.D.

398. As no. 395, but date: سبع و ستين و

P. 268h.

HSA 15881 image 2 25, 4.96

399. Date?

As preceding, but date: و ستين(⸮)سبع

ANS (Wood, ex Low) image 2 24, 4.88

468 A.H. = 1075/76 A.D.

400.–401. As no. 395, but date: ثمان و ستين و

P. 268i.

HSA 15878 image 1 23, 3.58

HSA 15879 image 2 24, 3.60

402. As preceding, but date: ثمان و ستين

HSA 15880 image 2 24, 4.41

469 A.H. = 1076/77 A.D.

403. As no. 395, but date:...... تسع و ستين وار

P. 268j.

HSA 15877 image 1 25, 3.85

Plate X

404. As preceding, but date: و ستين واربـ (sic) بسرقسطة تسع

HSA 15876 image 2 25, 4.95

470 A. H. = 1077/78 A. D.

405. As no. 395, but date: سبعين و اربعـ

P. 268k.

HSA 15875 Æ 23, 3. 93

471 A.H. = 1078/79 A.D.

406. As no. 395, but date: احدي و سبعين واربعـ

P. 2681.

HSA 15874 image 2 24, 4.85

407. As preceding, but date: .... احدي و سبعين

HSA 15873 image 1 24, 4.42

Plate X

408. As preceding, but date: ... و سبعين واربعـ(sic?)احد

Rev. area effaced.

HSA 14243 Æ 26, 5.00

472 A.H. = 1079/80 A.D.

409. Date?

As no. 395, but date: و سبعين(⸮)اثنين

P. 268m.

HSA 14242 Æ 24, 5.26

473 A. H. = 1080/81 A.D.

410. As no. 395, but date: ثلث و سبعين واربـ

P. 268n.

HSA 15871 image 2 25, 5.05

7 Miles

411.–412. Date?

As preceding, but date: و سبعين(⸮)ثلث

HSA 14249 Æ 23, 4.95

HSA 15869 image 2 24, 4.99

475 A.H. = 1082/83 A.D.

413. Date?

As no. 395, but date: (⸮)خمس و سبعين

P. 268p.

ANS (Newell) Æ 23, 5.71

Date Effaced, ca. 470–475 A.H. = 1077–1083 A.D.

414. • ع •

Rev. as no. 369.

لا اله الا

•• •

الله وحده

لا شريك له

••

Marg.: بعيـ ...... بسرقسطة

Borders: obv. and rev. 7a.

HSA 15591 image 2 28, 5.11

415. As no. 395, but date: و سبعين وار .....

HSA 14244 image 2 23, 4.72

Date Effaced, ca. 460–475 A.H. = 1067–1083 A.D.

416.–425. Similar to no. 395, but dates effaced, some with various points in obv. and rev. areas.

HSA 14250 image 2 23, 2.52

HSA 14245 image 2 25, 4.46

HSA 15592 image 2 25, 4.91

HSA 15872 image 2 24, 4.43

HSA 14252 Æ 22, 5.01

HSA 14248 Æ 24, 3.68, twice pierced

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 2 24 (fragmentary)

ANS (Newell) image 2 23, 4.05

ANS (Newell) image 2 24, 6.85

ANS (Wood) Æ 24, 5.26

Date Effaced, ca. 441–475 A.H. = 1049–1083 A.D.

426.–427. Similar to nos. 369 and following, but dates effaced and ornament or letter obscure.

HSA 14251 image 2 25, 4.92

ANS (Newell, ex Valentine) image 2 25, 2.25

AL-MU'TAMIN YŪSUF b. AḤMAD
474–476 A.H. = 1081–1084 A.D.1

Dirhems
Saraqusṭah
474 A.H. = 1081/82 A.D.

428. image ر of لا شريك floral.

image

الحاجب

محمد رسول الله

المؤتمن

Marg.: بسرقسطة سنة اربع و سبعين و اربعـ

Marg.: Qur'ān IX 33, beginning at 9 o'clock with ارسله

Borders: obv. 7, rev. 9.

P. 269.

HSA 15594 image 1 26, 6.32

Plate X

7*

429. As no. 428, but poorly preserved, ornamenss obscure, and date ends:..... وسبعـ

HSA 15593 image 2 24, 3.71

End Notes
1 Cf. P., p. 128.

SAYF AL-DAWLAH AL-MUSTA'ĪN AḤMAD b. YŪSUF
476–503 A.H. = 1083–1110 A.D.

Dirhems
Saraqustah
476 A.H. = 1083/84 A.D.

430. image ر of لا شريك floral.

image

الحاجب

• سيف الدولة •

احمد (flora د)

Marg.: بسرقسطة سنة ست و سبعين

Borders: obv. and rev. 9.

P. 270a.

HSA 15595 image 2 25, 4.72

431. As no. 430, but poorly preserved, ornaments obscure.

HSA 15596 image 2 25, 3.68

477 A.H. = 1084/85 A.D.

432. image

Rev. as no. 430, but: image

Marg.: سبع و سبعين

P. 270b.

HSA 15597 image 2 24, 4.45

Plate X

433. Date? image

Rev. as no 432.

Marg.: و سبعين(⸮)سبع

HSA 15598 image 2 23, 4.32

479 A.H. = 1086/87 A.D.

434. image

Rev. as no. 432.

Marg.:...... تسع و سبعين

P. 270d.

HSA 15600 image 2 25, 4.68

435. As no. 434, but date:..... تسع و سبعـ

HSA 15599 image 2 24, 3.31

Digit effaced, 476–479 A.H. = 1083–1097 A.D.

436. As nos. 430 and following, but obv.: image, rev. as no. 432.

Marg.: ـبعين ......

HSA 13754 image 2 24, 3.81

480 A.H. = 1087/88 A.D.

437. ornament?/ ornament?

الحاجب

عماد الدولة

احمد

Marg.: ثمانين و اربعـ

Borders: obv. and rev. 9.

P. 270e.

HSA 13755 Æ 23, 2.88

481 A.H. = 1088/89 A.D.

438. image

image

المستعين بالله

احمد بن المؤتمن (ن of بن floral)

image

Marg.: احد...ـنين

Borders: obv. 9, rev. 16.

P. 271a.

HSA 13756 image 2 24, 3.89

Plate X

482 A.H. = 1089/90 A.D.

439. Date? image

Rev. as no. 438, but: ornament obscure/image

Marg.: ..... وثما(⸮)اثنين

Borders: obv. and rev. 16.

P. 271b.

HSA 14246 Æ 24, 4.01

483 A.H. = 1090/91 A.D.

440. image

Rev. as no. 438.

Marg.: ثلث و ثمنين وار

Borders: obv. 7, rev. 16.

P. 271c

HSA 13758 Æ 24, 3.95

485 A.H. = 1092/93 A.D.

441. As no. 440, but date: خمس و ثمانين

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

P. 271e.

HSA 13759 image 2 25, 5.43

486 A.H. = 1093 A.D.

442. As no. 440, but date: ست و ثمانين وار

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

(Lacking in P.)

HSA 13757 image 2 25, 4.70

Plate X

487 A.H. = 1094 A.D.

443. As no. 440, but date:..... سبع و ثمانين

Borders: obv. and rev. 7?

P. 27lf.

HSA 13760 Æ 23, 3.47

488 A.H. = 1095 A.D.

444. As no. 440, but date.: ثمان وثمانين

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

P. 271g.

HSA 14219 image 2 26, 4.89

Plate X

489 A.H. = 1095/96 A.D.

445.–446. As no. 440, but date:...... تسع وثمانين

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

P. 127h.

HSA 13748 Æ 24, 4.81

ANS (Newell, ex Valentine) Æ 24, 5.18

Plate X

Digits Effaced, 48X A.H. = 1088–1096 A.D.

447.–451. Five specimens similar to nos. 438–446, dates imperfectly preserved.

HSA 13749 Æ2 26, 5.58

HSA 13750 Æ2 23, 4.42

HSA 13751 Æ2 24, 4.47

HSA 13752 image 2 25, 4.64

ANS (Newell) image 2 24, 4.71

497 A.H. = 1103/04 A.D.

452. ◦ imageimage

لا اله الا المستعين

الله وحده ◦ بالله احمد ◦

لا شريك له imageجـ سimage

•• *

Marg.: .... سبع و تسعيـ

Borders: obv. 35, with 4 annulets between inner circles, rev. 32.

P. 272a.

HSA 15842 image 2 25, 4.22

Plate X

49X A.H. (ca. 497–499 A.H. = 1103–1106 A.D.)

453. Similar to no. 452, but obv. margin completely off flan.

HSA 13753 image 2 24, 3.88


XV. HŪDID OF LERIDA1

AL-MUẒAFFAR SAYF AL-DAWLAH ABŪ-'UMAR YŪSUF b. AL-MŪSTA'ĪN SULAYMĀN
Ca. 438–459 A.H. = 1046–1067 A.D.

Fractional Dinars
No Mint
No Date

454. image المظفر

لا اله الا الامام هشام

الله وحده (و has large floral termination) المؤيد بالله

ن هود ...

Borders: obv. and rev. 27.

P. 278 = V. 1239 (Codera) = this coin?

HSA 15789 Ꜹ 14, 0.83 (frg. lacking)

Plate XI

455. ابن المظفر

لا اله الا الامام هشام

الله وحده المؤيد بالله

هود سيف الدولة

Borders: obv. and rev. 27.

P. 279 = V. 1240 (Codera) = this coin.2

HSA 15790 Ꜹ 13, 1.05

Plate XI

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 46–48, 127, 129–130.
2 Prieto y Vives illustrates this piece. The shape differs slightly from that of the HSA specimen, but this is probably the result of improper trimming of the plaster-catt from which the illustration was made.

Dirhems
Lāridā

449 A.H. = 1057/58 A.D.

456. In Center: (⸮)طبع

In center: درهم

Concentric circles:

Concentric circles:

1. Inner:..... ابو ..... معز1

2. Middle: الامام هشام المؤيد بالله عبد الله امير المؤمنين

3. Outer: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بلاردا سنة تسع و اربعين و اربع مـ

1. Inner: لمظفر سيف الدولة يوسف

2. Middle: لا اله الا الله محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهداو

3. Outer: rest of Qur'ān IX 33.

Borders: single linear circles enclosing each legend.

P. 281a = V. 1244 (Codera) = this coin?

HSA 15848 image 1 24, 2.45

Plate XI

Mint Effaced
Date Effaced

457. ornament?/.......?

سيف الدولة

الامام هشام

المؤيد بالله

سف .....

Marg.: traces.

Borders: obv. and rev. 9.

P. 277 = V. 1243 (Codera) = this coin?

HSA 15847 image 2 25, 5.12

458. (⸮)يوسف/image(?)

المظفر

الامام هشام

المؤيد بالله

سيف الدولة

Margs.: traces.

Borders: obv. and rev. 7?

V. 1237 (Codera) = this coin?

HSA 15843 Æ 24, 3.24

End Notes
1 Vives (and Prieto y Vives, following him) transcribed: ......... معز الدولة، but I am unable to read this. Only one of the three known issues of this unusual Fāṭimid-style type is illustrated in P. (no. 281c, dated 459 A.H.), but the inner marginal legend is quite illegible. If the name is Mu'izz al-Dawlah, can this be the King of Tortosa?

No Mint
No Date

459. تاج ابن

لا اله الا الله المظفر ذو

محمد رسول الله السيادتين

الدولة هود

Obv. marg.: ضرب دهم five times repeated.

Rev. marg.: ضرب درهم five times repeated.

Borders: obv. 50, rev. 67.

P. 283 = V. 1241 (Codera, 2 spec.) = this coin, and no. 460, below.

HSA 15845 image 2 23, 3.00

Plate XI

460. Similar to no. 459, but areas less well preserved, obv. margin perhaps sometimes درهم, and both obv. and rev. borders 67.

HSA 15844 image 2 26, 4.44

Date Effaced

461. image/سليمن المظفر

امر بضرب

هذا الدرهم

ابن هود

Marg.: .... بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم سنة

Borders: obv. 29, rev. 36.

P. 284 = V. 1242 (Codera) = this coin?

HSA 15846 image 2 26, 4.01

Plate XI


XVI. HŪDID OF CALATAYUD1

'AḌUD AL-DAWLAH MUḤAMMAD b. SULAYMĀN
Ca. 439–440 A.H. = 1047–1049 A.D.

Fractional Dinar
No Mint
No Date

462. • ابن • الحاجب

لا اله الا الله الامام هشام

هود محمد

Borders: obv. and rev. 30.

P. 288 = V. 1251 (Codera.) = this coin.2

HSA 15792 image 12, 1.15

Plate XI

Dirhems
Madīnat Qalā'at Ayyūb
440 A.H. = 1048/49 A.D.

463. عضد/الدولة

الحاجب

الامام هشام

المؤيد بالله

محمد

Marg.: ... ينة قلاعة ايوب سنة اربعـ ..... بسم الله ضرب

Borders: obv.?, rev. 7.

P. 290a.

HSA 15850 image 2 24, 3.61, twice pierced

Plate XI

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 46, 127, 130.
2 The plaster-cast from which the illustration in P. was made was inaccurately trimmed.

No Date

464. As no. 463, but margin: [⸮سنة]لدرهم بمدينة قلاعة ايوب .... بسم الله ضـ

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 290c.

HSA 15849 image 2 22, 2.55


XVII. HŪDID OF TUDELA1
AL-ẒĀFIR (?) MUNDHIR b. SULAYMĀN
Ca. 439–442 A.H. = 1047–1051 A.D.

Dirhems
Al-Andalus
439 A.H. = 1047/48 A.D.

465. image/• ابرهيم (floral ر)

الحاجب

الامام هشام

امير المؤمنين

المؤيد بالله

Marg.: بالاندلس سنة تسع و ثلثين

Borders: obv.?, rev. 7.

P. 293.

HSA 15818 image 2 22, 3.38

Plate XI

440 A.H. = 1048/49 A.D.

466. image الحاجب

(floral ر of لا شريك) الامام هشام

المؤيد بالله

منذر

Marg.: سنة اربعين(⸮) لس .... هذ .... بسم الله

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 7.

P. 295b = V. 1259 (Codera) = this coin?

HSA 15851 image 2 24, 3.02

Plate XI

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 46, 130.

Mint Effaced
Date Effaced

467. image/.....?

Rev. as no. 466.

Marg.: traces.

Borders: obv. 6?, rev. 7.

HSA 15855 Æ 23, 2.26


XVIII. HŪDID OF DENIA AND TORTOSA1

'IMĀD AL-DAWLAH MUNDHIR b. AḤMAD
474–483 A.H. = 1081–1090 A.D.

Dirhems
Dānyah
475 A.H. = 1082/83 A.D.

468.2 ◦/• *

سليمان

الحاجب

•• عماد الدولة

محمد رسول الله

◦ منذر ◦

The last line in Naskhi script.

Marg.: بدانية سنة خمس و سبعين و اربعما

Various points and circles in margins.3

Rev. marg. begins with ارسله at 9 o'clock.

Borders: obv. 53, rev. 62.

P. 299a.

HSA 15857 image 1 25, 3.75

Plate XI

8 Miles

469. Obv. as no. 468, but date: خمس و سبعين وار

Rev. as no. 468, but no star above.

Rev. marg. begins with ارسله at 8:30 o'clock.

Borders: obv. 63, rev. 62.

ANS (Newell) image 2 24, 4.26, twice pierced

470. Obv. as no. 468, but additional points, and date: خمس و سبعين وما

Rev. as no. 469.

Rev. marg. as no. 469.

Borders: obv. 63, rev. 66.

ANS (Wood) image 1 24, 4.69

Plate XI

471. Obv. as no. 468, but points uncertain, and date: خمس و سبعـ

Rev. as no. 469.

Rev. marg. as no. 469.

Borders: obv. 53, rev. 66.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 24, 4.92

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 47–49, 130.
2 The various points and circles in the obverse areas of the succeeding specimens, varying in position and number and usually more numerous than on this particular specimen, are not noted hereafter. Frequently there are points before and after each line of the area.
3 Throughout this series.

476 A.H. = 1083/84 A.D.

472. Obv. as no. 468, but: image • and additional points, and date: ست و سبعين و اربع مائة

Rev. as no. 468.

Rev. marg. as no. 468.

Borders: obv. 63, rev. 66.

P. 299b.

ANS (Wood) image 1 25, 4.67

Plate XII

473. As preceding, but points vary.

Rev. marg. as no. 469.

Borders: obv. 47, rev. 54.

ANS (Newell) image 1 24, 4.49, twice pierced

474. Obv. as preceding, but points vary.

Rev. as no. 469.

Marg.:..... ست وسبعين و اربع ما

Rev. marg. as no. 468.

Borders: obv.?, rev. 58.

ANS (Newell) image 2 20, 2.95

475. Obv. as no. 468, but date: ست و سبعين

Rev. as no. 469.

Rev. marg. as no. 468.

Borders: obv. 63, rev. 66.

HSA 15856 image 1 25, 4.48

476. Date?

As no. 468, but date: و سبعين و اربع(⸮)ست

Rev. marg. begins with ارسله at 8 o'clock.

HSA 15861 image 2 24, 4.68, pierced

477 A.H. = 1084/85 A.D.

477. •• image •• •/•• • سليمان •

Rev. as no 468.

Marg.: سبع و سبعين و اربع مائة

Rev. marg. as no. 468.

Borders: obv. 53, rev. 62.

P. 299c.

HSA 15852 image 1 24, 4.48

8*

478. Obv. as preceding, but points vary and ornament above uncertain.

Rev. as no. 468.

Marg.: ـعين و اربع مائة .... سبع

Rev. marg. as no. 468.

Borders: obv. 63, rev. 66.

HSA 15853 image 1 25, 4.46, twice pierced

478 A.H. = 1085/86 A.D.

479. As no. 468, but: image and date: مائة ..... ثمان و سبعين و

Borders: obv. 63, rev. 66.

P. 299d.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 1 26, 5.05

480. Date?

Similar to preceding, but double-struck, points obscure, and date: و سبعين و اربع مائة(⸮)ثمان

HSA 15858 image 1 25, 6.28

479 A.H. = 1086/87 A.D.

481. As no. 468, but: • image•, points vary, and date: تسع و سبعين و اربع مائة

Borders: obv. 53, rev. 62.

P. 299e.

HSA 15854 image 1 26, 5.06

Plate XII

480 A.H. = 1087/88 A.D.

482. As no. 481, but points vary, and date: ثمانين و اربع مائة

Borders: obv. 53, rev. 50.

P. 299 f.

HSA 15825 image 2 24, 4.25

483. As no. 481, but points vary, and date: ثمانين و اربع مائة

Rev. marg. as no. 469.

Borders: obv. 53, rev. 66.

ANS (Wood) image 2 26, 4.01, twice pierced

484. As no. 468, but: image, points vary, and date: ...... ثمانين و اربع

Rev. marg. begins with بالهدي (sic) ارسله اللله (at 9 o'clock.

Borders: obv. 53, rev. 66.

ANS (Wood) image 2 26, 4.67.

Fractional Dirhem
Mint Effaced
Date Effaced (ca. 475–483 A.H. = 1082–1090 A.D.)

485. Similar to nos. 468–484, but clipped, marginal legends and borders lacking.

P. 299j.

HSA 15826 image 2 15, 1.55

Plate XII

SAYYID AL-DAWLAH SULAYMĀN b. MUNDHIR1
In Denia: 483–485 A.H. = 1090–1092 A.D.
In Tortosa: 483–ca. 492 A.H. = 1090–ca. 1099 A.D.

Dirhems
Dānyah
483 A.H. = 1090/91 A.D.

486. image image

لا اله الا الحاجب image

الله محمد سيد الدولة

رسول الله ◦سليمان◦

••

Marg.:....... نين .... بدانية سنة ثلاث

Various points and circles in margin.

Borders: obv. 71, rev. 16.

P. 302a.

HSA 15828 image 2 24, 4.62

Plate XII

484 A.H. = 1091/92 A.D.

487.–488. image image

لا اله الا • الحاجب •

• الله محمد سيد الدولة

• رسول الله ◦سليمان◦

Marg.: اربع و ثمانين و اربع

Borders: obv. 71, rev. 4.

P. 302b.

HSA 15830 image 2 26, 5.94

Plate XII

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 2 25, 4.75 (same dies)

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 49, 131.

485 A.H. = 1092 A.D.

489. • image

Rev. as no. 486; but: image

لا اله الا •

•الله محمد image

•رسول الله

••

Marg.: خمس و ثمانين و اربع

Borders: obv. and rev. 4.

P. 302c.

HSA 15831 image 2 25, 3.75

490. Obv. as no. 489, but points vary, and date: ....... خمس و ثـ

Rev. as no. 487, but points vary.

Borders: obv. 16, rev. 4.

HSA 15827 image 2 25, 4.50

Plate XII

491. Date?

As preceding, but date and ornamenss obscure.

ANS (Wood) image 1 24, 3.65

492. image image

لا اله الا الحاجب

الله وحده سيد الدولة

لا شريك له ابن مندر

محمد رسول الله سليمان •

Marg.: بدانية سنة خمس و ثمانين و اربع مائة

Borders: obv. 41, rev. 62.

Cf. P. 303, similar except بمدينة دانية

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 2 25, 4.19, twice pierced

493. Obv. as no. 492, but ornament above effaced, •• beneath, and date: خمس و ثمانين و

Rev. as no. 492, but: سليمان ◦

Borders: obv. 42, rev. 72.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 2 25, 4.17, twice pierced

Ṭurṭūshah
48X A.H. = 1090–1096 A.D.

494. image ◦ * ◦

لا اله الا ◦ الحاجب image

image الله محمد سيد الدولة

◦رسول الله ◦سليمان◦

•• ••

◦ * ◦

Marg.: بطر..ـوشة سنـ..... مانين

Borders: obv. 21, rev. 7.

P. 302d-h.

ANS (ex Brand) image 2 26, 4.00

Plate XII

Date Effaced (ca. 483–489 A.H. = 1090–1096 A.D.)

495. Obv. as no. 494, but: image and date:...... و ..... بطر

image

الحاجب

سيد الدولة image

◦سليمان◦

image

Borders: obv. 21, rev. 7.

ANS (Newell) image 2 23, 3.15

492 A.H. = 1098/99 A.D.

496. image *

الحاجب image

سيد الدولة

محمد رسول الله

◦سليمان◦

*

Marg.: رهم بطرطوشة سنة اثنين و تسعين

Borders: obv. 21, rev. 70.

P. 304c1 = (?) V. 1351 (Codera) = this coin?

HSA 15832 image 2 24, 5.06

Plate XII

Mint Effaced
Date Effaced (ca. 483–489 A.H. = 1090–1096 A.D.)

497. لا اله الا الحاجب

؟ ؟

الله محمد سيد الدولة

رسول الله ◦سليمان◦

*

Marg.: traces.

HSA 15829 image 2 24, 4.67

End Notes
1 Lacking بسم الله،, he says.

XIX. DHŪ'L-NŪNID1

Al-ẒĀFIR DHŪ'L-RI'ĀSATAYN ABŪ-MUḤAMMAD ISMĀ'ĪL b.
'ABD AL-RAḤMĀN
Ca. 423–435 A.H. = 1032–1044 A.D.2

Fractional Dinars
Ṭulayṭalah
Date Effaced

498. لا اله الا الظافر

الله وحده الامام عبد

و الله

Marg.:...... بسم الله ضرب هذا الدينر بطليطلة سنة

Borders: obv. and rev. 16.

P. 313a (letter beneath obv. not mentioned)

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 12, 0.98

Plate XII

No date

499. •• الظافر

لا اله الا الامام عبد

الله الله

Marg.:.... ذا الدينر بطليط ....

Borders: obv. and rev. 16.

P. 315.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 11, 1.03

Plate XII

500. ◦ ظافر ...

لا اله امام عبد ...

◦ الله

••

Marg.: طليطلة .... بسم الـ

Borders: obv. and rev. 16.

P. 316.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 10, 0.36

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 53, 133–134; Dozy, Recherches, I, P. 238.
2 The usual date for Ismā'īl's accession is 427, but there is an inscription relating to the construction of a cistern in the mosque of Toledo, bearing his full titles and dated 423, which would seem to indicate that he was already ruling in Toledo at that date. See E. Lévi-Provençal, Inscriptions arabes d'Espagne, pp. 65–66; and cf. D. W. Dunlop, "The Dhunnunids of Toledo," in JRAS, 1942, P. 83.

No Mint
No Date

501.–506. image الظافر

الامام عبد

الله امير المؤ

منين

No marginal legends.

Borders: obv. and rev. 30.1

P. 308a.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 10–13 mm., 0.89, 0.79, 0.70, 0.67, 0.65, 0.62 Identical obv. and rev. dies

Plate XII

End Notes
1 Partially off flan on several specimens.

Mint Effaced
43X A.H. = 1039–1044 A.D.

507. لا اله الا الظافر

الله وحده الامام عبد

الله

Marg.: و ثلثين ....... بسم الله ضرب

Borders: obv. and rev. 16.

P. 313a.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 11, 0.60

Plate XII

SHARAF AL-DAWLAH AL-MA'MŪN DHŪ'L-MAJDAYN ABŪ'L-
ḤASAN YAḤYĀ b. ISMĀ'ĪL1
435–467 A.H. = 1043–1075 A.D.2

Fractional Dinars
No Mint
No Date

508. image الحاجب

لا اله الا الامام هشام

الله وحده المؤيد بالله

يوسف يحي

No marginal legends.1

Borders: obv. and rev. 30.

P. 323.

HSA 15766 Ꜹ 13, 0.87

Plate XII

509. ∴

Rev. as no. 508.

لا اله الا

الله وحده

عبيد

Borders: as no. 508.

P. 324.

HSA 15767 Ꜹ 14, 0.87

Plate XII

510. image

Rev. as no. 508.

لا اله الا

الله وحده

عبيد الله

Borders: as no. 508.

P. 325.

HSA 15768 Ꜹ 14, 1.06

Plate XII

511. شرف

Rev. as no. 508, but: ◦ يحي ◦

لا اله الا

الله وحده

الدولة

؟

Borders: as no. 508 (rev. off flan).

P. 327.

HSA 15772 Ꜹ 12, 0.86

Plate XII

512. Obv. as no. 511.

Rev. as no. 508.

Borders: as no. 508.

HSA 15776 Ꜹ 14, 0.82

Plate XII

513. Obv. as no. 511, but ر of شرف points upward.

Rev. as no. 508.

Borders: as no. 508.

HSA 15769 Ꜹ 13, 1.01

514. •

لا اله الا شرف

الله وحده الحاجب

احمد (in Nashki) الدولة

Borders: as no. 508.

Cf. P. 329 (Ṭulayṭalah, 435 A.H.).

HSA 15770 Ꜹ 13, 1.21

Plate XII

515. image

لا اله الا المأمون ذو

الله وحده المجدين

Borders: as no. 508.

P. 332.

HSA 15774 Ꜹ 13, 0.81

Plate XII

516. Obv. as no. 514, but: ◦

Rev. as no. 515, but: image/••

Borders: as no. 508.

P. 333.

HSA 15771 Ꜹ 13, 1.00

Plate XII

517. Obv. as no. 514, but: ••

Rev. as no. 515, but: ◦/••

Borders: as no. 508.

HSA 15773 Ꜹ 13, 0.90

518. ••

لا اله الا المأمون

الله وحده image

Borders: as no. 508.

P. 335.

HSA 15775 Ꜹ 15, 0.91

Plate XII

519. Obv. as no. 518, but: ••/•

Rev. as no. 518 (partly off flan).

Borders: as no. 508.

HSA 7905 Ꜹ 12, 1.10

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 41, 53–54, 75, 134–135.
1 On any of this series.
2 There appears to be general agreement that al-Ma'mūn Yahyā died in 467, despite the existence of a dirhem of 468 (see no. 523, below). Prieto y Vives admits that the decade is missing on this unique piece and that one might be inclined therefore to assign it to 458; but, as he rightly points out, the remarkable arrangement of the legends is characteristic of the issues of the years 465–467, and there are no known coins of the 450's at all from Toledo. Al-Ma'mūn died late in the year, according to the historians, and it would appear that the die-engraver did not change the principal legends of the 467 issue early in 468.

Dirhems
Madīnat Balansīyah
459 A.H. = 1066/67 A.D.

520. • ◦

الحاجب المأمون

لا اله الا الله ذو المجدين

شرف الدولة (floral ر) image

Marg.: بمدينة بلنسية سنة تسع و خمسين و

Borders: obv. and rev. 55.

P. 342a.

HSA 15801 Ꜹ2 24, 4.55

521. As no. 620, but date: تسع و خمسين (mint effaced).

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 2 21, 3.59

Plate XIII

Madīnat Ṭulayṭalah
466 A.H. = 1073/74 A.D.

522. لا اله محمد (floral د)

المأمون ذو الحاجب شرف

المجدين الدولة

الا الله رسول الله

image? ح

Obv. marg.: Qur'ān IX 33.

Rev. marg.: طلة في سنة ست و ستـ ....

Borders: obv. 64, rev. 57.

P. 338b.

HSA 15824 image 2 27, 6.59

Plate XIII

468 A.H. = 1075/76 A.D1

523. لا اله محمد (floral د)

المأمون ذو الحاجب شرف

المجدين الدولة

الا الله رسول الله

ح image

Obv. marg.: Qur'ān IX 33.

Rev. marg.: طليطلة في سنة ثمانية و ....

Borders: obv. and rev. 39.

P. 338d = V. 1114 (Codera) = this coin?

HSA 15823 image 2 23, 4.47

Plate XIII

End Notes
1 See the note, P. 124, above.

Fractional Dinar of Doubtful Attribution
Al-Mamūn Yahyā?
Madīnat Balansīyah?
469 A.H. = 1076/77 A.D.

524. • [•?]

لا اله الا الله الامام المأمون

محمد رسول الله امير المؤمنين

••

Obv. marg.: (⸮)الامام عبد الله ....

Rev. marg.: .... سنة تسع و ستين و اربعـ [⸮ـسية]ضرب بمدينة بلنـ .....

Borders: obv. and rev. 21.

HSA 10633 image 13, 0.97, twice pierced

Plate XIII

While the mint-name on this unique specimen is admittedly obscure and uncertain, there can be no doubt about the date and the name in the reverse area. Even if the mint is not Balansīyah, the puzzle of the identity of al-Imām al-Ma'mūn remains. Also, if the name is that of al-Ma'mūn Yahyā, what of the posthumous date? And why al-Imām"? Let us hope that a better preserved specimen, or related coins, will eventually turn up to help explain this anomaly.

9 Miles

AL-QĀDIR BI'LLĀH YAḤYĀ b. ISMĀ'ĪL b. AL-MA'MŪN
YAḤYĀ
467–478 A. H. = 1075–1086 A. D.1

Fractional Dinars (Electrnm)
No Mint
No Date

525. • image

لا اله الا القادر

الله وحده بالله

image image

Borders: obv. and rev. 30.

P. 348.

HSA 15787 EL, 11 × 12, 1.90

Plate XIII

526. Obv. asno. 525, but: •/image

Rev. as no. 525, but ornament above area effaced.

HSA 15788 EL 10 × 12, 2.06

Plate XIII

Dirhems
Madīnat Ṭulayṭalah
468 A.H. = 1075/76 A.D.

527. image image

لا اله الا الله القادر

محمد رسول الله بالله

• * •• * •

Marg.: بمدينة طليطلة سنة ثمان و ستين واربـ

Borders: obv. 17, rev. 19.

P. 343a.

HSA 15822 image 2 24, 4.57

Plate XIII

528. As no. 527, but date: ثمان و ستين

Borders: obv. 9, rev. 10.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) Æ 25, 3.41

529. As no. 527, but عام in place of سنة.

Borders: obv. 17, rev. 19.

ANS (Wood) Æ 23, 5.52

End Notes
1 The latter date is that of Alfonso's definitive occupation of Toledo. Al-Qādir removed to Valencia and was assassinated in 485.

475 A.H. = 1082/83 A.D.

530. ◦ * ◦ ◦ * ◦

لا اله بالله

••

الا الله القادر

• ◦ image

Marg.:..... طلة سنة خمس و سبعيـ .....

Borders: obv. 19, rev. 10.

P. 344.1

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 2 22, 3.45

Plate XIII

Madīnat Qūnkah
474 A.H. = 1081/82 A.D.

••

531. لا اله الا الله ◦ image

محمد رسول الله القادر

image • بالله image

image

9*

Marg.: كة سنة اربع و سبعين ... بمدينة قو

Borders: obv. 31, rev. 37.

P. 343b.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 2 22, 3.46

Plate XIII

End Notes
1 Prieto y Vives designates this issue as unique, but Vives (1128) lists two, and probably three, specimens.

478 A.H. = 1085/86 A.D.

532. ؟ ◦ image

لا اله الا محمد رسول الله

الله وحده القادر بالله

لا شريك له الله

image

Marg.: قونكة سنة ثمان و سبعـ ....

Borders: obv. 58, rev. 68.

P. 345 = V. 1130 (Codera) = this coin?

HSA 15820 image 2 23, 2.59

Plate XIII

Mint Effaced
Date Effaced

533535. • * • ◦ image

لا اله الا الله القادر

محمد رسول الله بالله

image • ◦ image

Margins largely obliterated.

Borders: obv. 31, rev. 34.

obv. 31, rev. 34.

obv. 36, rev. 34.

HSA 13732 Æ 21, 3.69

HSA 14163 Æ 21, 3.32

HSA 15819 image 2 23, 3.65

536. Obv. as no. 533, but: image

Rev. as no. 533, but: image/•*ع•*•

Borders: obv. 7, rev. 67.

HSA 15821 image 2 24, 2.80


XX. BANŪ-JAHWAR OF CORDOBA1

ABŪ'L-WALĪD MUḤAMMAD b. JAHWAR b. MUḤAMMAD b.
JAHWAR
434–466 A.H. (?) = 1043–1064 A.D. (?)

Fractional Dinar
Qurṭubah
440 A.H. = 1048/49 A.D.

537. لا اله الا الله •

محمد رسول الله الامام عبد الله

• امير المؤمنين

Marg.:...... ينر بقرطبة اربعين وار .....

(Double struck, giving the appearance of 2 letters before اربعين)

Borders: obv. and rev. 16.

P. 351b.

HSA 13213 Ꜹ 14, 1.37

Plate XIII

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 64, 136; C. F. Seybold, s. v. Cordoba, in the Encyclopaedia of Islām.

XXI. KINGDOM OF ALMERIA1

ANONYMOUS (Banū Ṣumādih)
Ca. 435–443 A.H. = 1041–1052 A.D.

Dirhems
Almarīyah
No Date

538. لا اله الا image

الله محمد

image رسول الله

Obv. marg.: part of Qur'ān IX 33.

Rev. marg.: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بالمرية

Borders: obv. 19, rev. 10.

P. 364b.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 2 24, 7.69

Plate XIII

Al-Andalus
No Date

539. لا اله الا محمد ر

الله سول الله

Obv. marg.: محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدا

Rev. marg.: هذا الدرهم بالاندلس سنة (sic) بسم ضرب

Borders: obv. and rev. 19.

P. 354c.

HSA 15748 image 2 24, 4,14. twice pierced

Plate XIII

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 61–62, 136; E. Lévi-Provencal, s. v. Ma'n and al-Mu'tasim, in the Encyclopaedia of Islām, and C. F. Seybold, ibid., s. v. Almeria; Dozy, Recherches, I, pp. 239–281.

AL-MU'TAṢIM BI'LLĀH ABŪ-YAḤYĀ MUḤAMMAD b. MA'N
443–484 A.H. = 1052–1091 A.D.

Dirhems
Almarīyah
No Date

540. الحمد ◦

لا اله الا الله المعتصم

ما اعظم الله لا اله الا الله

لله محمد رسول الله

• بالله •

Marg.: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بالمرية سـ

(Various points and circles)

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

P. 359.

HSA 15750 image 1 28, 6.24

Plate XIII

541. Similar to no. 540. Different fabric and size. Marginal legend ends سنة. Outer borders effaced or off flan.

HSA 15752 image 2 24, 5.93

542. Similar to no. 541, but marginal legends only partly preserved.

HSA 15751 image 2 22, 2.44, twice pierced

Mint Effaced

543. • لله • بالله

الحمد المعتصم

لا اله الا الله لا اله الا الله

ما اعظم الله محمد رسول الله

ornament? ◦

Marg.:........ ضرب هذ

Borders: obv. and rev. 21.

Cf. P. 357b (Almarīyah).

HSA 15749 image 2 21 × 18, 4.89

544. •بالله••للهimage

لا اله الا الله محمد رسول الله

المعتصم الواثق بفضل

image •• image

Obv. marg.: traces.

Rev. marg.:....... الله ضر ....

Borders: obv. and rev. 49.

Cf. P. 360 (Almarīyah, dated xxi).

HSA 15753 image 2 22, 4.44

Plate XIII


XXII. BANŪ'L-AFṬAS IN BADAJOZ1

AL-MANṢŪR YAḤYĀ b. MUḤAMMAD b. 'ABDULLĀH
Ca. 456–460 A.H. = 1064–1068 A.D.2

Dirhem
Mint Effaced
Date Effaced

545. ornament?

لا اله الا الله الحاجب

محمد رسول الله الامام عبد الله

موفق امير المؤمنين

يحي

••

(large floral final ي)

Obv. marg.: traces.

Rev. marg.: Qur'ān IX 33.

Borders: obv. and rev. 22.

P. 369.

HSA 14240 image 2 26, 3.62

Plate XIV

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 66–68, 137; M. Seligsohn, s. v. Afṭasids, in the Encyclopaedia of Islām.
2 I have adopted Prieto y Vives' dates, which differ markedly from those in the primary and the usual secondary written sources.

AL-MUTAWAKKIL 'ALA'LLĀH ABŪ-ḤAFṢ 'UMAR b.
MUḤAMMAD
460–487 A.H. = 1068–1094 A.D.

Fractional Dinar
No Mint
No Date

546. الحاجب [كل]المتو

لا اله الا الامام عبد الله

الله وحده المؤيد بالله

مجد الدولة على الله

No marginal legends.

Borders: obv. 30, rev. off flan.

P. 377g.

HSA 13144 EL 12 × 9, 0.98

Plate XIV

Dirhems
Al-Andalus
460 A.H. = 1067/68 A.D.

547. الحاجب المتوكل

لا اله الا الامام عبد الله

الله وحده المؤيد بالله

مجد الدولة على الله

Marg.: سنة ستين و (sic) بالاندلس

Borders: obv. and rev. 60.

P. 377a.

HSA 15747 Æ 25, 3.08

Plate XIV


XXIII. 'ABBĀDID OF SEVILLE 1

AL-MU'TAḌID BI'LLĀH ABŪ-'AMR 'ABBĀD b. MUḤAMMAD b. 'ABBĀD
433–461 A.H. = 1042–1069 A.D.

Dinars
Al-Andalus
437 A.H. = 1045/46 A.D.

548. ornament?/محمد الحاجب

الامام هشام

امير المؤمنين

المؤيد بالله

عباد

Marg.: بالاندلس سنة سبع و ثلثين و اربع ما

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

P. 395c.

HSA 13146 Ꜹ 21, 3.39

Plate XIV

End Notes
1 Cf. P., pp. 139–141; E. Lévi-Provençal, s. v. al-Mu'tadid and al-Mutamid. in the Encyclopaedia of Islām.

439 A.H. = 1047/48 A.D.

549. الحاجب•••المعتضد

••

لا اله الا الامام هشام

الله وحده امير المؤمنين

لا شريك له المؤيد بالله

اسمعيل بالله

Marg.: تسع و ثلثين و اربع مائة

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

P. 397a.

HSA 13145 Ꜹ 23, 3.43

Plate XIV

442 A.H. = 1050/51 A.D.

550. الحاجب/>اسمعيل

Rev. as no. 549, but: pellet in center, and imageالمؤيد بالله

• بالله •

Marg.: ثنين و اربعين و اربع مئة

Borders: obv. and rev. 7a.

P. 397h.

HSA 534 Ꜹ 24, 4.11

Plate XIV

457 A.H. = 1064/65 A.D.

551. الظافر

Rev. as no. 549, but: • بالله •

• لا اله الا

• الله وحده

• لا شريك له

المؤيد بالله

Marg.:سبع و خمسين و اربع مائة

Borders: obv. 55a, rev. 55.

P. 400c.

HSA 532 Ꜹ 26, 4.12

Plate XIV

552. Obv. as no. 551.

Rev. as no. 549.

HSA 13150 Ꜹ 25, 3.90

553. As no. 551, but no point at left of 3rd and 4th lines of obv., and date: سبع و خمسين و اربع هـ

HSA 13141 Ꜹ 26, 3.22

458 A.H. = 1065/66 A.D.

554. As no. 551, but no points, and date: ثمان و خمسين و

P. 400d.

HSA 13142 Ꜹ 26, 3.63

Plate XIV

Dirhems
Al-Andalus
435 A.H. = 1043/44 A.D.

555. /محمد الحاجب

الامام هشام

امير المؤمنين

المؤيد بالله

عباد

Marg.: بالاندلس سنة خمس و ثلثيـ (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 1, rev. 7.

P. 395a.

HSA 13742 image 2 23, 2.18 twice pierced1

Plate XIV

436 A.H. = 1044/45 A.D.

556. (Mint effaced)

Similar to no. 555, but date: ست و ثلثين (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. obscure, rev. 7.

P. 395b.

HSA 13743 image 2 22, 1.81, twice pierced

439 A.H. = 1047/48 A.D.

557. الحاجب/عباد

المعتضد

الامام هشام

امير المؤمنين

المؤيد بالله

بالله

Marg.: تسع وثلثين

Borders: obv. 3a, rev. 7.

P. 396 = V. 890 (Codera) = this coin?

HSA 14220 image 2 24, 2.95, twice pierced

558. الحاجب/اسمعيل

Rev. as no. 557, but: •••/

Marg.: تسع و ثلثين و اربع ما

Borders: obv. 3a, rev. 7.

P. 397c.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 2 25, 2.87, frg. lacking

Plate XIV

559. As no. 558, but nothing above rev.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 2 24, 2.49, twice pierced and frg. lacking

End Notes
1 Another specimen in the author's collection, with date ending و ثلثين, and second border from outside markedly thick. image 24, 2.73.

443 A.H. = 1051/52 A.D.

560. Obv. as no. 558, but date: ثلث و اربعين و اربع

Rev. as no. 557, but last line: imageباللهimage

(1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 59, rev. 48.

P. 397k.1

HSA 14222 Æ 22, 2.59

Plate XIV

561. Obv. as no. 558, but date: ثلث و اربعين وار

Rev. as no. 557.

(1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 65, rev. 60.

HSA 14221 Æ 24, 2.87

444 A.H. = 1052/53 A.D.

562. Obv. as no. 558, but date: اربع و اربعين و اربع ما

Rev. as no. 557, but:

••

المعتضد/•بالله•

Borders: obv. 6 (?), rev. 9.

P. 397 m.

HSA 13703 image 2 24, 1.85

End Notes
1 Prieto y Vives designates this unique, but Vives (899) lists four specimens.

44X A.H. = ca. 1048–1057 A.D.

563. Obv. similar to nos. 558–562, but date: بعين واربع ....

Rev. as no. 562.

(circular legend)

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 9.

HSA 14223 Æ 23, 1.97, twice pierced

Date Effaced, ca. 439–448 A.H. = 1047–1057 A.D.

564. Obv. similar to nos. 558–562, but marg. obliterated (circular legend).

Rev. as no. 562.

Borders: obv. and rev. 73.

HSA 14224 image 2 25, 2.62

452 A.H. = 1060 A.D.

565. الحاجب

Rev. as no. 562 (points obscure)

• لا اله الا

• الله وحده

• لا شريك له

محمد

Marg.: اثنين و خمسين و اربع

Borders: obv. obscure, rev. 8.

P. 398d.

HSA 14225 Æ 26, 2.89

10 Miles

457 A.H. = 1064/65 A.D.

566. الحاجب/محمد

Rev. as no. 557, but: ••

Marg.: سبع و خمسين و اربع ما

Borders: obv. and rev. 10.

P. 3981 = Vives 919 (Codera) = this coin?

HSA 14226 Æ 27, 2.42

Plate XV

Date Effaced, ca. 450–457 A.H. = 1058–1065 A.D.

567. Obv. completely effaced except: /(⸮)محمد

Rev. as no. 557.

Borders: obv.?, rev. 10.

HSA 14241 Æ, 25, 3.42

458 A.H. = 1065/66 A.D.

الظافر/محمد

568.

؟

Rev. as no. 557, but: ∴/• بالله •

Marg.: ثمان و خمسين و

Borders: obv. 12, rev. 64.

P. 399a.

HSA 14228 image 2 27, 2.64, twice pierced

569. Date?

As no. 568, but digit obscure, and rev.: ••/•بالله•

HSA 14227 image 2 28, 2.59

459 A.H. = 1066/67 A.D.

570. Obv. as no. 568, but date: تسع و خمسين و اربع

Rev. as no. 569.

Borders: obv. 12, rev. 64.

P. 399b.

HSA 14229 image 2 26. 2.17

Plate XV

AL-MU'TAMID 'ALĀ'LLĀH ABŪ'L-QĀSIM MUḤAMMAD b.
'ABBĀD
461–484 A.H. = 1069–1091 A.D.

Dinars
Madīnat Ishbīlīyah
465 A.H. = 1072/73 A.D.

•••

571. الحاجب المعتمد على الله

لا اله الا الله الامام عبد الله

محمد رسول الله امير المؤمنين

سراج الدولة المؤيد بنصر الله

image image

Marg.: بمدينة اشبيلية سنة خمس و ستين

Borders: obv. and rev. 61.

P. 406a.

HSA 13139 image 25, 3.86

10*

572. Obv. as no. 571, but: •image

Rev. as no. 571, but: •• and date: خمس و ستين و

HSA 13140 Ꜹ 25, 3.67

Plate XV

Madinat Qurṭubah
463 A.H. = 1070/71 A.D.

••

573. الجاجب المعتمد على الله

لا اله الا الله الامام عبد الله

محمد رسول الله • امير المؤمنين

سراج الدولة المؤيد بنصر الله

••

بن فرجون image

Marg.: بمدينة قرطبة سنة ثلث و ستين وا

Borders: obv. and rev. 9.

P. 417a.

ANS (Newell) Ꜹ 25, 4.51

Plate XV

466 A.H. = 1073/74 A.D.

574. Obv. as no. 573, but no points in last Une, and date: ست و ستين وا

Rev. as no. 573, but no points in 3rd line, and: image

Borders: obv. and rev. 9.

Lacking in P.

HSA 13143 Ꜹ 26, 3.18

Plate XV

Dirhems
Al-Andalus
462 A.H. = 1069/70 A.D.

575. الحاجب ornament?

• لا اله الا المعتمد على الله

• الله وحده الامام عبد الله

• لا شريك له امير المؤمنين

• سراج الدولة المؤيد بنصر الله

• هاشم image

(Points, if any, at right, obliterated)

Marg.:... بالاندلس سنة اثنتين و (1st quarter rectilinear)

Borders: obv. 3, rev. 61.

P. 404.

HSA 14230 image 2 25, 3.51

576. Date?

Obv. as no. 575, but both area and margin very obscure.

Rev. as no. 575, but: ◦ ∴/ornament?

HSA 14231 Æ 26, 2.12, twice pierced

463 A.H. = 1070/71 A.D.

577. الحاجب الله

•لا اله الا المعتمد على

الله وحده الامام عبد الله

سراج الدولة امير المؤمنين

• هاشم المؤيد بنصر

الله

Marg.: ثلث و ستين و اربع

Borders: obv. and rev. 60.

P. 405b.

HSA 14233 image 2 25, 3.01

Plate XV

Madīnat Ishbīlīyah
Digit Effaced, ca. 465–466 A.H. = ca. 1072–1074 A.D.

578. الحاجب

Rev. as no. 577, but last line: ◦الله◦

لا اله الا

الله وحده

سراج الدولة

image

Marg.: ين و اربع ....

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

Cf. P. 407 a, b.

HSA 14237 image 2 25, 3.43

466 A.H. = 1073/74 A.D.

579. Obv. as no. 578, ornament beneath, obscure.

Rev. as no. 577.

Marg.: بمدينة اشبيليه سنة ستة

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

P. 407b.

HSA 14232 Æ 25, 1.98

467 A.H. = 1074/75 A.D.

580. الحاجب المعتمد

لا اله الا الامام عبد الله

الله وحده امير المؤمنين

عضد الدولة المؤيد بنصر الله

image على الله

Marg.: سبع و ستين و اربعمائة

Borders: obv. and rev. 9.

P. 409.

ANS (Newell, ex Campaner) image 2 27, 3.45

Plate XV

470 A.H. = 1077/78 A.D.

581. ◦ المعتمد على

لا اله الا• الامام عبد الله

•الله وحده• امير المؤمنين

•لا شريك له• المؤيد بنصر الله

•الرشيد الله

•• (Points obscure)

Marg.: سبعين و اربع مائة

Borders: obv. and rev. 51.

P. 413a.

HSA 14234 image 2 27, 2.72

582. Obv. as no. 581, but date: ....... سبعين

Rev. as no. 581, but •• above, and • امير المؤمنين

HSA 14236 image 2 26, 2.73

472 A.H. = 1079/80 A.D.

583. •

Rev. as no. 580, but •• above.

•لا اله الا

•الله وحده

•لا شريك له

الرشيد ؟

••

Marg.: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بمدينة اشبيلية (lst quarter rectilinear)

سنة اثنين و سبـ

Borders: obv. 6, rev. 58.

P. 414.

HSA 14235 image 2 27, 2.95

Plate XV

Date Effaced, ca. 470–478 A.H. = ca. 1077–1086 A.D.

584. /الرشيد image

image المعتمد على الله

الامام عبد الله

امير المؤمنين

المؤيد بنصر الله

؟

image

Marg.: traces.

Borders: obv. 17, rev. 9.

Cf. P. 412k.

ANS (Newell) image 2 27, 3.02, three times pierced

Mursīyah
Date Effaced, ca. 483 A.H. = 1090/91 A.D.

585. ◦ ابن

لا اله الا الله المعتمد على الله

محمد رسول الله الامام عبد الله

الرشيد المعتد بالله

image حعفر

Obv. marg.: part of Qur'ān IX 33, probably beginning at 9 o'clock.

Rev. marg.: ...... بمرسية سنة ....

Borders: obv. and rev. 7.

Cf. P. 428, dated 483.

HSA 14239 image 2 22, 3.63

Plate XV


XXIV. UNIDENTIFIED COINS

Fractional Dinars

Al-Andalus

No Date

586. /....? الامام هشام

امير المؤمنين

المؤيد بالله

Marg.: بالاندلس سنة ..... بسم الله ضرب هذا

Borders: obv. and rev. 16.

Cf. P., p. 240.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 13, 1.37

Mint Effaced
Date Effaced

587./......

(⸮)موفق الامام عبد الله

امير المؤمنين

خالد

Margs.: traces.

Borders: obv. and rev. 21.

Cf. P. 433b (al-Andalus, 441 A.H.)

HSA 13216 Ꜹ 13, 0.82

Plate XV

588. image الامام هشام

لا اله الا الله المؤيد بالله

محمد رسول الله د د

د د

Margs.: traces.

Borders: obv. 22, rev. 16.

HSA 13163 Ꜹ 11, 0.60

Plate XV

589. .....?/.....?

Undecipherable 5-line legend

Margs.: traces.

Borders: obv. and rev. 16.

ANS (Newell, hoard) Ꜹ 12, 1.15

590. image

لا اله لا ـد .....

الله (⸮)......

محمد رسول (⸮)مستعدة

image

الله

Obv. marg.: none on flan.

Rev. marg.: traces?

Borders: obv. 13, rev. 21.

HSA 7901 Ꜹ 17, 2.62

Plate XV

Dirhem
Al-Andalus
441 A.H. =1049/50A.D.

591. /موفق

الحاجب

الامام عبد الله

امير المؤمنين

خالد

Marg.: ...... بالاندلس سنة احدي

Borders: obscure.

P. 433a.

ANS (University Museum loan) image 2 21, 2.47, twice pierced

Fractional Dirhems
Mint Effaced
Date Effaced

592. لا اله الا الله الامام عبد الله

محمد رسول الله امير المؤمنين

Obv. marg.: traces.

Rev. marg.: off flan, if any.

ANS image 2 16, 1.46

Plate XV

No Mint
No Date

593. • image

لا اله الا الله الامام عبد الله

محمد رسول الله امير المؤمنين

(⸮)علا

No margins.

Borders: obv. and rev. 13.

ANS image 2 14, 0.79

Plate XV


BACK

KEY TO TYPES OF BORDERS1

No.

1 image Vertical letters extend through borders.

2 image

3 image

3a As 3, but vertical letters extend through borders.

4 image

5 image

6 image

6a As 6, but vertical letters extend through borders.

7 image

7a As 7, but vertical letters extend through borders.

8 image

9 image

10 image

11 image

12 image

13 image

14 image

15 image

15a As 15, but vertical letters extend through borders.

16 image

17 image

18 image

19 image

20 image

21 image

22 image

23 image

24 image

25 image

26 image

27 image

28 image

29 image

30 image

31 image

32 image

33 image

34 image

35 image

36 image

37 image

38 image

39 image

40 image

41 image

42 image

42a As 42, but vertical letters extend through borders.

43 image

44 image

45 image

46 image

47 image

48 image

49 image

50 image

51 image

52 image

53 image Vertical letters extend through borders.

54 image

55 image

55a As 55, but vertical letters extend though borders.

56 image

57 image

58 image

59 image

60 image

61 image

62 image

63 image

64 image

65 image

66 image

67 image

68 image

69 image

70 image

71 image

72 image

73 image

End Notes

1 m = margin, a = area.

INDEX OF DATES

Date Page
404 3
405 3
Date effaced (ca. 405–407) 5
406 4, 43–4
407 5–7, 10
407/408 10
408 7–11
409 11–13
410 14–15, 17–18, 42
Probably 410 14, 18
411 15–16
412 16
No date (412–453) 45–8
414 20
415 20
416 21
417 21
418 19, 21–2, 76
419 22
420 22–3
Date effaced (420–430) 78–9
421 19, 23
422 23–4
No date (ca. 422–428) 1–2
423 24, 77
No date (ca.423–435) 122–3
Date effaced (ca. 423–435) 122
425 24
426 20
No date (ca.427–445) 59–60
428 45, 77–8
Date effaced (ca. 429–435) 54–8
430 79–80
431 84
43x 81, 124
No date (431–438) 82
Date effaced (431–438) 81–2
435 61, 142
No date (ca.435–443) 135
No date (435–467) 124–7
436 83–5, 143
436 (?) 48
437 25, 85–6, 140
438 25, 62
No date (ca. 438–441) 86–7
No date (ca. 438–459) 105, 107
Date effaced (438–441) 63
Date effaced (ca. 438–459) 106–8
439 26, 88, 111, 141, 143–4
No date (ca. 439–440) 109–10
Date effaced (ca. 439–442) 112
Date effaced (ca. 439–448) 145
440 26–7, 62, 109, 111, 134
441 27–8, 49, 62–3, 89–90, 156
No date (441–475) 88–9
Date effaced (441–447) 93
Date effaced (ca. 441–475) 99
442 28–9, 63, 141
443 29–30, 144
No date (443–484) 136–7
Date effaced (ca. 443–446) 32–3
444 30, 90–1,, 144
445 31–2, 49
Date effaced (ca.445) 31
446 91
Date effaced (446–455) 64
447 49–50, 63, 92–3
448 50, 64, 93
449 64, 93–4, 106
44x 145
450 64, 94
Date effaced (ca. 450–457) 146
No date (in 450's) 34–7
Date uncertain (in 450's) 38
452 145
No date (453–457) 51
No date (463–471) 40
Date effaced (453–471) 40
455 52
456 52, 94
45x (ca. 456–457) 53
Date effaced (ca. 456–460) 138
457 141–2, 146
458 142, 146
459 127–8, 147
460 139
No date (460–487) 139
Date effaced (ca. 460–475) 98–9
462 149
463 148–9
464 95
464 (?) 39
465 95, 147–8
Date effaced (ca. 465–466) 150
466 95–6, 128, 148, 150
467 65, 96, 151
No date (467–478) 130
Date effaced (467–478) 132–3
468 65–6, 96, 128, 130–1
469 96–7, 129
46x 39
470 97, 151
Date effaced (ca. 470–475) 98
Date effaced (ca. 470–478) 152
471 97
472 97, 152
473 97–8
474 99–100, 131
475 98, 113–14, 131
Date effaced (ca. 475–483) 117
476 100, 114–15
Digit effaced (476–479) 101
477 100–1, 115–16
478 116, 132
479 101, 116
480 67–8, 101, 117
481 68–9, 102
482 69–70, 102
483 70–1, 102, 118
Date effaced. (ca.483) 153
Date effaced (ca. 483–489) 120–1
484 71, 118
485 72, 102, 119–20
486 72, 103
Date effaced (486–508) 75
487 73, 103
488 73, 103
489 103
48x 104, 120
492 121
494 73
497 104
499 74
49x (ca. 497–499) 104
501 74
505 74
506 74
507 75
508 75
No date 154, 156
Date effaced 154–6

INDEX OF MINTS

  • (مدينة) طليطلة 122–3, 128–31
  • (مدينة) عرطانة 34–7
  • (مدينة) فاس 42
  • (مدينة) قرطبة 134, 148
  • (مدينة) قلاعة ايوب 109–10
  • (مدينة) قونكة 131–2
  • لاردا 106
  • مرسية 153
  • (مدينة) ميورقة 67–75
  • (مدينة) اشبيلية 147–8, 150–2
  • المرية 44, 135–6
  • الوطه 43, 85
  • الاندلس 1–2, 10, 17–18, 25–32, 38, 83, 111–12, 135, 139–47, 149–50, 154, 156
  • (مدينة) بلنسية 48–50, 52–3, 127–9
  • (مدينة) دانية 61–6, 113–20
  • (مدينة) سبتة 3–16, 19–24, 39
  • (مدينة سرقسطه 76–80, 84–5, 88–104
  • طرطوشة 59, 120–1
  • Algeciras, see al-Jazīrah
  • Almarīyah, 44, 135–6
  • Almeria, see Almarīyah
  • Al-Andalus, 1–2, 10, 17–18, 25–32, 38, 45, 83, 111–12, 135, 139–147, 149–150, 154, 156
  • Balansīyah (Madīnat), 48–50, 52–3, 127–9
  • Calatayud, see Qalā'at Ayyūb
  • Ceuta, see Sabtah
  • Cordoba, see Qurṭubah
  • Cuenca, see Qūnkah
  • Dānyah (Madīnat), 61–66, 113–120
  • Denia, see Dānyah
  • Fās (Madīnat), 42
  • Fez, see Fās
  • Gharnāṭah (Madīnat), 34–7
  • Granada, see Gharnāṭah
  • Ishbīlīyah (Madīnat), 147–8, 150–2
  • (al-Jazīrah), 32
  • Lāridā, 106
  • Lerida, see Lāridā
  • (Malaga), 17–18, 26–30, 38
  • Mallorca, see Mayūrqah
  • Mayūrqah (Madīnat), 67–75
  • Murcia, see Mursīyah
  • Mursīyah, 153
  • Qalā'at Ayyūb (Madīnat), 109–10
  • Qūnkah (Madīnat), 131–2
  • Qurṭubah (Madīnat), 134, 148
  • Sabtah (Madīnat), 3–16, 19–24, 39–40
  • Saraqusṭah (Madīnat), 76–80, 84–5, 88–104
  • Seville, see Ishbīlīyah
  • Toledo, see Ṭulayṭalah
  • Tortosa, see Ṭurṭūshah
  • Ṭulayṭalah (Madīnat), 122–3, 128–31
  • Ṭurṭūshah, 59, 120–1
  • Zaragoza, see Saraqusṭah
  • No Mint, 40, 45–8, 51, 54–8, 60, 85–9, 105, 107–9, 123–7, 130, 139, 156
  • Mint effaced, 2, 45, 54–8,, 81–3, 106–7, 112, 117, 121, 124, 132–3, 137–8, 154–6

11*

  • 1–40, 42–5, 52–8, 61–80, 82, 84–6, 89, 106, 111, 123, 129, 134, 138–54, 156 امير المؤمنين
  • 1–2 بن حمام
  • 39–40 بها الدولة
  • 87, 107 تاج الدولة
  • 39–40, ؟؟
  • 87, 107 ؟؟
  • See ابن تمام — تمام
  • See ابن جعفر — جعفر
  • 39–40, 76–8, 80, 84–9, 99–101, 109–21, 124–8. 138, 140–51, 156 الحاجب
  • 61 حسن
  • See بن حمام — حمام
  • 154, 156 خالد
  • 90–3 خير
  • see اقبال، بها، تاج، سراج — الدولة
  • (⸮)سيد، سيف، شرف، ضيا
  • ضياو، عضد، عماد، مجد، معز
  • ناصر
  • 107 ذو السيادتين
  • 126–8 ذو المجدين
  • 151–3 الرشيد
  • 147–50 سراج الدولة
  • 39–40 سقوت
  • 113–21 سليمان
  • 111 ابراهيم
  • 86–7 ابن ابى نصر
  • 47, 49–53, 67–72 ابن اغلب
  • 1 ابن تمام
  • 153 ابن جعفر
  • 2 ابن حمام
  • 55–6, 58 ابن عبد الرحيم
  • 148 ابن فرجون
  • 46 ابن قومس
  • 46 ابن نجبة
  • 81, 84, 88–9, 105, 107–9 ابن هود
  • 49, 50 ..... ابن
  • See ابن ابى نصر — ابى نصر
  • 82–6, 88, 90–101, 104, 126–7 احمد
  • 102–4 احمد بن المؤتمن
  • 14–16, 19–25, 31, 34–8, 87 ادريس
  • 141, 144–5 اسمعيل
  • See , 51 اغلب
  • 62–6 اقبال الدولة
  • Passim الامام
  • 27–30, 32–3 امير
  • 34–8 العلا بالله
  • 3–10, 61–3 على
  • 89–99, 101, 113–17 عماد الدولة
  • 89 عمادولة
  • 57 (⸮)غالب
  • 65–6 الفتح
  • See ابن فرجون — فرجون
  • 130–3 القادر بالله
  • 19–20, 22–4 قاسم
  • 11–18, 32–3, 42 القاسم
  • See ابن قومس — قومس
  • 11–18, 126–9 المأمون
  • 42 المأمون بالله
  • 73–5 مبشر بن سليمن
  • 139 المتوكل على الله
  • 61 مجاهد
  • 139 مجد الدولة
  • 79–80 محب
  • 24–31, 62–4, 109–10, 140, 142–3, 145–7 محمد
  • 54–5, 57 محمد بن اسود
  • 30 محمد بن على
  • 67–72 المرتضى
  • 82 المستعين
  • 3, 86–7, 108 سليمن
  • 118–21 سيد الدولة
  • 119–20 سيد الدولة ابن منذر
  • 40, 100–1, 105–7 سيد الدولة
  • 59 سيف الملة
  • 125–8 شرف الدولة
  • 40 الدولة(⸮)ضيا
  • 40 ضياو الدولة
  • 46 طرفة
  • 52–3, 122–4, 141–2, 146–7 الظافر
  • 24–5, 31 العالي بالله
  • 45–7 عامر
  • 140, 142–3 عباد
  • 51 عبد
  • See ابن عبد الرحيم — عبد الرحيم
  • 39–40, 44, 51–3, 65–80, 106, 122–4, 134, 138–9, 147–54, 156عبد الله
  • 63 عبد الملك
  • 59 عبد الملك بن رضى
  • 125 عبيد
  • 125 عبيد الله
  • 39–40 العز
  • 109, 151 عضد الدولة
  • 138, 164, 156 موفق
  • 1–2, 4–5, 45–8, 50, 54–9, 61, 80–99, 105–7, 109–12, 124–6, 139–47, 154–5 المؤيد بالله
  • 147–53 المؤيد بنصر الله
  • 26–30, 32–3 المهدي بالله
  • 46–7, 49–51, 54–8 الناصر
  • 73–5 ناصر الدولة
  • 5–10 الناصر لدين الله
  • 77–8 نبيل
  • See ابن نجبة, 45, 48 نجبة
  • See ابن ابى نصر, 89 نصر
  • 149 هاشم
  • 1–5, 45–8, 50, 54–9, 61–4, 77, 79–99, 105–7, 109–12, 124–6, 140–7, 154–5 هشام
  • See ابن هود — هود
  • 137 لله[ا] الواثق بفضل
  • 3–24, 31 ولى العهد
  • 5–24, 27–30, 76, 124–6,, 138 يحي
  • 106–7, 124 يوسف
  • 3, 81–5, 102–4 المستعين بالله
  • 155 (⸮) مستعدة
  • 47, 50–3, 105–8 المظفر
  • 39–40 المعان
  • 77, 79, 153 المعتد بالله
  • 136–7 المعتصم بالله
  • 141–7 المعتضد بالله
  • 19–24 المعتلي بالله
  • 147–53 المعتمد على الله
  • 106 معز
  • 42, 106 المعز
  • 60, 63–6 معز الدولة
  • 59 مقاتل
  • See سيف الملة — الملة
  • 54 ممـد بن اسود
  • 77–80, 111–17 منذر
  • 39–40, 46–51, 54–8,, 79–80 المنصور
  • 99–100 المؤتمن
  • 'Abbād b. Muḥammad b. 'Abbād, al-Mu'taḍid bi'llāh abū-'Amr, 140–7
  • 'Abd al-Malik b. al-Manṣūr 'Abd al-A'zīz, al-Muẓaffar, 51–3
  • 'Abd al-'Azīz b. al-Nāṣir 'Abd al-Raḥmān b. abī–'Āmir, al-Manṣūr, 45–7, 54–8
  • 'Abdullāh al-Murtaḍā, 67–72
  • 'Abdullāh b. al-Ḥakam, 80
  • Abū-, see 'Amr, Ayyūb,, Ḥafṣ, Ḥasan, Jaysh, Muḥammad, Qāsim, 'Umar, Walīd, Yaḥyā
  • 'Aḍud al-Dawlah, see Muḥammad b. Sulaymān
  • Aḥmad b. Sulaymān, 'Imād al-Dawlah al-Muqtadir, 88–99
  • Aḥmad b. Yūsuf, Sayf al-Dawlah al-Musta'īn, 100–4
  • al-'Āli, see Idrīs II
  • 'Ali b. Ḥammūd, al-Nāṣir li–dīn Allāh, 3–10
  • 'Ali b. Mujāhid, Iqbāl al-Dawlah, 62–6
  • al-'Āmiri, see Mujāhid b. 'Abdullāh
  • abī–'Amr, see 'Abbād b. Muḥammad
  • abī–Ayyūb, see Sulaymān b. Hūd
  • Bādis b. ḥabbūs b. Māksin al-Ṣinhāji, 34–8
  • Dhū'l-Majdayn, see Yaḥyā b. Ismā'īl
  • Dhū'l-Ri'āsatayn, see Ismā'īl b. 'Abd al-Raḥmān
  • abū-Ḥafṣ, see 'Umar b. Muḥammad
  • ibn Ḥamām (?), 1–2
  • abū'l-Ḥasan, see Yaḥyā b. Ismā'īl
  • Idrīs II b. Yaḥyā,, al-'Āli, 24–5, 31, 34–8
  • 'Imād al-Dawlah, see Mundhir b. Aḥmad and Aḥmad b. Sulaymān
  • Iqbāl al-Dawlah, see 'Ali b. Mujāhid Ismā'īl b. 'Abd al-Raḥmān, al-Ẓāfir dhū'l-Ri'āsatayn abū-Muḥammad, 122–4
  • abū'l-Jaysh, see Mujāhid b. 'Abdullāh al-Mahdi, see Muḥammad I b. Idrīs
  • al-Ma'mūn, see Yaḥyā (?) and Yaḥyā b. Ismā'il
  • al-Ma'mūn b. Ḥammūd, al-Qāsim, 11–18
  • al-Manṣūr, see 'Abd al-'Azīz b. al-Nāṣir, Mundhir II b. Yaḥyā, and Yaḥyā b. Muḥammad
  • Mubashir b. Sulaymān,, Nāṣir al-Dawlah, 73–5
  • Muḥammad b. 'Abbād, al-Mu'tamid 'ālā'llāh abū'l–Qāsim, 147–53
  • Muḥammad I b. Idrīs, al-Mahdi, 26–30
  • Muḥammad b. Jahwar b. Muhammad b. Jahwar, abū'1–Walīd, 134
  • Muḥammad b. Ma'n, al-Mu'taṣim bi'llāh abū–Yaḥyā,, 136–7
  • Muḥammad b. Sulaymān, 'Aḍud al-Dawlah, 109–10
  • abū–Muḥammad, see Ismā'īl b. 'Abd al-Raḥmān
  • al-Mu'izz b. Zīri b. 'Aṭīya, 42
  • Mu'izz al-Dawlah, see Mundhir II b. Yaḥyā and Muqātil
  • Mujāhid (?), 43
  • Mujāhid b. Abdullāh al-'Āmiri, al-Muwaffaq bi'llāh abū'l-Jaysh, 61
  • Mundhir b. Aḥmad, 'Imād al-Dawlah, 113–17
  • Mundhir b. Sulaymān,, al-Ẓāfir (?), 111–12
  • Mundhir II b. Yaḥyā, Mu'izz al-Dawlah al-Manṣūr, 77–80
  • Muqābil, see Muqātil
  • Muqātil, Mu'izz al-Dawlah Sayf al-Millah, 59–60
  • al-Muqtadir, see Aḥmad b. Sulaymān
  • al-Murtaḍā, see 'Abdullāh
  • al-Musta'īn, see Aḥmad b. Yūsuf and Sulaymān b. Hūd
  • al-Mu'taḍid, see 'Abbād b. Muḥammad
  • al-Mu'tali, see Yaḥyā b. 'Ali
  • al-Mu'tamid, see Muḥammad b. 'Abbād
  • al-Mu'tamin, see Yūsuf b. Aḥmad
  • al-Mu'taṣim, see Muḥammad b. Ma'n
  • al-Mutawakkil, see 'Umar b. Muḥammad
  • al-Muwaffaq, see Mujāhid b. 'Abdullāh
  • al-Muẓaffar, see 'Abd al-Malik b. al-Manṣūr, Yaḥyā, b. Mundhir and Yūsuf b. al-Musta'in
  • Nāṣir al-Dawlah, see Mubashir b. Sulaymān
  • Al-Nāṣir li-dīn Allāh, see 'Ali b. Ḥammūd
  • al-Qādir, see Yaḥyā b. Ismā'īl
  • al-Qāsim, see al-Ma'mūn b. Ḥammūd
  • al-Qāsim II b. Muḥammad b. al-Qāsim, 32–3
  • abū'l-Qāsim, see Muḥammad b. 'Abbād
  • Saqawt b. Muḥammad, 39–40
  • Sayf al-Dawlah, see Aḥmad b. Yūsuf and Yūsuf b. al-Musta'īn
  • Sayf al-Millah, see Muqātil
  • Sayyid al-Dawlah, see Sulaymān b. Mundhir
  • Sharaf al-Dawlah, see Yaḥyā b. Ismā'īl
  • Sulaymān b. Hūd, al-Musta'in abū-Ayyūb, 81–6
  • Sulaymān b. Mundhir, Sayyid al-Dawlah, 118–21
  • Sulaymān (b. Yūsuf?), Tāj al-Dawlah, 86–8
  • Taj al-Dawlah, see Sulaymān (b. Yūsuf?)
  • 'Umar b. Muḥammad, al-Mutawakkil 'alā'llāh abū-Ḥafṣ, 139
  • abū-'Umar, see Yūsuf b. al-Musta'in
  • abū'l-Walīd, see Muḥammad b. Jahwar
  • al-Wāthiq, see al-Qāsim II b. Muḥammad
  • Yaḥyā,, al-Ma'mūn (?), 129
  • Yaḥyā b. 'Ali, al-Mu'tali, 19–24
  • Yaḥyā. b. Ismā'īl, Sharaf al-Dawlah al-Ma'mūn dhū'l-Majdayn abū'l-Ḥasan, 124–9
  • Yaḥyā b. Ismā'īl b. al-Ma'mūn Yaḥyā, al-Qādir bi'llāh, 130–3
  • Yahyā b. Muḥammad b. 'Abdullāh, al-Manṣūr, 138
  • Yaḥyā b. Mundhir, al-Muẓaffar, 76
  • abū-Yaḥyā, see Muḥammad b. Ma'n
  • Yūsuf b. Aḥmad, al-Mu'tamin, 99–100
  • Yūsuf b. al-Musta'in Sulaymān, al-Muẓaffar Sayf al-Dawlah abū-'Umar, 105–8
  • al-Ẓāfir, see Ismā'īl b. 'Abd al-Rahmān and Mundhir b. Sulaymān
  • Zuhayr (?), 44

INDEX OF RELIGIOUS LEGENDS AND ISOLATED LETTERS

  • 22 سم
  • 31 الظافر هو الله
  • 95, 98, 130, 133 ع
  • 95–7, 132 image
  • 95 عل
  • 156 (⸮)علا
  • 136–7 ما اعظم الله
  • 122 و
  • 104 جـ
  • 92, 131–2 حـ
  • 20–1, 128 ح
  • 136–7 الحمد لله
  • 155 دد
  • 45 ر
  • 104 س
  • 55 (⸮)سر

PLATES

I

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1–8: Revolutionary Period 9–34: ḥammūdid

II

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Ḥammūdid

III

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Ḥammūdid

IV

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114–135: Ḥammūdid 139–153: Zīrid

V

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154–157: Berghawāṭah Governor 158: Banū—Khazar 159: Elota—Revolutionary Period 160: Almeria—Revolutionary Period 161–177: 'Āmirid—Valencia

VI

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178–185: 'Āmirid—Valencia 188–260: 'Āmirid—Almeria 262–264: Tortosa—Slave Kingdom 266–267: Denia—Slave Kingdom

VII

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272–284: Denia—Slave Kingdom 292–326: Kingdom of Mallorca

VIII

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328–331: Kingdom of Mallorca 333–342: Tujībid 343–355: Hūdid—Zaragoza

IX

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Hūdid—Zaragoza

X

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Hūdid—Zaragoza

XI

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454–463: Hūdid—Lerida 465–466; Hūdid—Tudela 468—470: Hūdid—Denia and Tortosa

XII

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472–496: Hūdid—Denia and Tortosa 498–518: Dhū'l-Nūnid

XIII

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521–532: Dhū'l-Nūnid 537: Banū-Jahwar 538–544: Kingdom of Almeria

XIV

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545–547: Banū'-Afṭas 548–560: 'Abbādid

XV

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566–585: 'Abbādid 587–593: Unidentified