The American Journal of Numismatics, 1866–1920.
Monthly, May, 1866–April, 1870.
Quarterly, July, 1870–October, 1912.
Annually, 1913–1920.
With many plates, illustrations, maps and tables. Less than a half-dozen complete sets of the Journal remain on hand. Price on application.
The numbers necessary to complete broken sets may in most cases be obtained. An index to the first fifty volumes has been issued as part of Volume LI. It may also be purchased separately for $3.00.
The American Numismatic Society. Catalogue of the International Exhibition of Contemporary Medals. March, 1910. New and revised
edition.
NOTES AND MONOGRAPHS
Numismatic Notes and Monographs is devoted to essays and treatises on subjects relating to coins, paper money, medals
and decorations, and is uniform with Hispanic Notes and Monographs published by the Hispanic Society of
Publication Committee
Agnes Baldwin Brett
,
W. Gedney Beatty
Henry Russell Drowne
Editorial Staff
Sydney Philip Noe
,
Howland Wood
,
COPYRIGHT 1932 BY
THE AMERICAN NUMISMATIC SOCIETY
THE INTELLIGENCER PRINTING CO.
LANCASTER, PA.
The small hoard of silver coins under consideration in this article was purchased in to to by
A feature of the hoard before us is the curious and unusual association in it of coins of the Peloponnesus and of
The Greek coins are for the most part varieties of the coins of the
The details recounted above are mostly taken from two centuries earlier?
(1). After the acquisition of
(2). Let us turn for a moment to the other question, that concerning the presence of a number of Greek coins in the hoard. Of these, there are
twelve from
To return to the other question, namely the presence of this combination of Greek and Roman coins in
Just as this paper goes to press, an article by
After the time of
The five coins of
The hoard then has furnished us with these facts: first, that the coins of certain Greek cities remained in circulation under the Roman Empire for a longer period than was formerly supposed; second, that these coins passed current, in ordinary transactions, on a footing at least equal to the denarius. This state of affairs in the eastern part of the empire would accord with the well known Roman policy of disturbing as little as possible existing institutions in the acquired provinces.
There are on the coins of the
Here follows for the imperial coins a table of frequencies of occurrence for the various emperors:
Note: The coins of
In the above table disregarding the figures of the first four because of their smallness, it is interesting to note an increased average of coins
per year in the hoard as we approach the time of
I should like here to express my very great appreciation to
1. Head of
℞ Shallow incuse square containing P O; rose with bud on r. and symbol on l.; magistrate's name above. Cf.
2. Similar. Symbol, caduceus (?). KAΛΛ [IΞENHΣ] (?) Cf.
3. Similar. Symbol, hand holding ear of corn. NIK[H]ΦOPOΣ. Cf.
4. Similar. Symbol and inscr. illegible.
5.* Fragment of coin of
6.* ℞ of drachm of
Type: Head of Helios, three-quarters r.
℞ Full-blown rose to front; magistrate's name with symbol. Cf.
7.* ANTIΛE[ΩN] symbol, aplustre. Apparently a new name,
8. Similar. [T]IMOΞENOΣ symbol, oenochoe and tripod.
9. Similar. APXIΔ[. . . .] A new name.
10. Similar. Broken and mended.
11. Similar. Inscription illegible,
12. Similar. ℞ stuck to fragment of another coin. Illegible.
Forepart of wolf r.
℞ A with symbol and magistrate's name.
13. [. . . .]KΛEOΣ. Cf.
14. Two coins adhering; v. No. 6.
15.* Dove flying r.
℞ Σ in shallow incuse square and magistrate's name, OΛϒ[M]|ПIA|ΔAΣ. Part of name covered by fragment of adhering coin of
16. Similar.
℞ [K]ΛE|AN|ΔPO.
17. Similar.
℞ KΛE|AN|ΔP.
18. Dove flying 1.
℞ ПP[O]|[MA]XI|ΔAΣ.,
19. Similar.
℞ Traces of name, probably the same as on No. 15.
20. Head of
℞ API |ΣTOΔA | MOC (Coin mutilated and patched.)
21. Similar.
℞ Similar. Symbol, thunderbolt. Badly chipped.
22. Similar.
℞ Inscription obliterated. Much worn,
23.* Head of Zeus r., laureate.
℞ Monogram of the
24.* Similar.
25. Similar.
26. Similar.
27. Similar.
28. Similar.
29. Similar.
30.* Similar; head 1.
31. Similar. Apparently not in
32. Similar.
34.* Head laur r. IMP
℞ IVPPITER CVSTOS Jupiter seated l., holding sceptre and thunderbolt.
35.
36.* IMP SER
℞ In wreath of oak: SPQR
O B
C S
37. IMP
℞ PAX ORBIS TERRAR[VM] Pax standing 1. with branch and caduceus.
38.* Similar.
℞ l. with wreath and sceptre.
39. [A VITE]LLIVS GERMAN IMP[ . . . ] Head r. laur.
℞ CONCORDIA P R. Concordia seated 1. hold-
40.* A
℞ LIBERTAS RESTITVTA Libertas standing r. holding pileus and sceptre.
41. IMP
℞ COS ITER FORT RED Fortuna standing l. holding rudder and cornucopiae.
42.* [IMP]
℞ COS ITER TR POT Mars striding r., carrying trophy and spear.
43 and 44. Same inscriptions. ℞ Pax seated l. holding branch and caduceus.
45. IMP CAES VESP AVG P M Head r. laur.
℞ AVGVR TRI POT In between, simpulum, aspergil, jug, lituus.
46. IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII Head r. laur.
℞ as on 45.
47 and 48. IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII Head r. laur.
℞ TRI POT Vesta seated l., holding simpulum.
49. Same.
℞
50. IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS Head r. laur.
℞ PONTIF MAXIM
51. IMP
℞ PON MAX TR P COS V winged caduceus upright.
52.* Same.
℞ PON MAX TR P COS VI Pax seated l., holding branch.
53. Same.
℞ Same. l. on prow, holding wreath and palm.
54. Same.
℞ Insc. illegible; either [COS VII] or [COS VIII]; i. e., 76 or 77–8 A. D. Cf.
55. Same.
℞ COS VII Eagle facing front, on cippus, head l.
56. Same.
℞ COS VIII Mars standing l. with spear and trophy.
57.* Same. Head l. laur.
℞ COS VIII Prow r., above, star.
58. CAE[SAR]
℞ [IMP XIX] Modius with corn ears.
59–61. IMP
℞ IOVIS CVSTOS Jupiter standing l., sacrificing from patera over altar and holding sceptre.
62.*
℞ ANNONA AVG Annona seated l., holding corn ears on lap with r., l. hand on hip. A type not in
63. Same. Head r. laur. Same ℞.
64. T CAESA[R VESP]ASIANVS Head r. laur.
℞ [ANNONA]AVG Annona seated l., ears of corn in lap.
65.
℞ Stuck to coin of
66.
℞ COS IIII Pegasus r.
67.
℞
68.
℞ COS V Wolf l. with twins.
69. Same.
℞ Same. Helmeted horseman, prancing r., r. hand raised.
70. IMP
℞ TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII PP Elephant l.
71 and 72. Same.
℞ Same. Draped table, on which winged thun-
73. Same.
℞ Same. Dolphin twined round anchor.
74.* Same.
℞
75 and 76.
℞ S.C on shield supported by two capricorns; below, a globe. m 2.90, 2.87.
77.
℞ PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS Helmet on throne.
78.* IVLIA AVGUSTA TITI AVGVSTI F Bust r. draped.
℞ VENVS AVGVST Venus standing r. leaning on cippus, holding helmet and spear. 80–81.
79.* IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PM Head r. laur.
℞ TR POT II COS VIIII DES X PP
80. Same.
℞ Same.
81. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP V Head r. laur.
℞ IMP XI COS XII CENS PPP
82. Same.
℞ IMP XII COS XII CENS PP
83. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP VI Head r. laur.
℞ IMP XII COS XII CENS PPP
84. Same.
℞ IMP XIIII COS XII CENS PPP
85. Same.
℞ IMP XIIII COS XIII CENS PPP
86. Same.
℞ Same.
87. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP VII Head r. laur.
℞ IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS P PP Same type.
88. Same.
Same.
89. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP VIII Head r. laur.
℞ IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS P PP
90. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM [TRP??] Head r. laur.
℞ IMP XXI COS XV CENS P PP
91. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP VIIII Head r. laur.
℞ IMP XXI COS XV CENS P PP
92. Same.
℞ Same.
93. Same.
℞ Same.
94 and 95. Same.
℞ Same.
96–100. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP X Head r. laur.
℞ IMP XXI COS XV CENS P PP
101. Same.
℞ Same.
102. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP XI Head r. laur.
℞ IMP XXI COS XV CENS P PP
103 and 104. Same.
℞
105 and 106. Same.
℞ IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P PP
107–109. Same.
℞ Same.
110–114. Same.
℞ Same.
115. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP XII Head r. laur.
℞ IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P PP
116. Same.
℞ Same.
117 and 118. Same.
℞ Same
119 and 120. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP XIII Head r. laur.
℞ IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P PP
121–123. Same.
℞ Same.
124. Same.
℞ Same. Minerva l., holding thunderbolt and spear.
125–128. Same.
℞ Same. Minerva l., spear in r. hand, l. on hip.
129. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP XIIII Head r. laur.
℞ IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P PP Minerva l., spear in r., l. on hip.
130. Same.
℞ IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P PP Minerva r. on prow with owl, as before.
131–132. IMP CAES DOMIT GERM PM TRP XV Head r. laur.
℞Same.
133. Same.
℞ Same.
134.* Same.
℞ IMP XXII COS [XVII?CEN]S P PP
135. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP XVI Head r. laur.
℞ Same.
136.* Same.
℞ Same.
137. Same.
℞ Same.
138* DOMI]TIA AVGVSTA IMP DOMIT Bust draped r, hair in long domed queue.
℞ PIETAS AVGVST Pietas seated l. with sceptre; in front, child.
139.* IMP NERVA CAES AVG PM TRP COS II PP Head r. laur.
℞ AEQUITAS AVGVST
140.* Same.
℞ CONCORDIA EXERCITVVM Clasped hands.
141. Same.
℞ FORTVNA AVGVST Fortuna l. with rudder and cornucopiae.
142. IMP NERVA CAES AVG PONT MAX TRP Head r. laur.
℞ COS II DESIGN III PP Priestly emblems.
143–144. IMP NERVA CAES AVG PM TRP COS III PP Head r. laur.
℞ CONCORDIA EXERCITVVM Clasped hands.
145 and 146. Same.
℞ Same. Clasped hands holding legionary eagle on prow.
147 and 148. Same.
℞ FORTVNA AVGVST Fortuna l., with rudder and cornucopiae.
149. Same.
℞ FORTUNA P R Fortuna seated l., with sceptre and ears of corn.
150–152. Same.
℞ LIBERTAS PUBLICA Libertas l., with pileus and sceptre.
153–154. Same.
℞ SALVS PVBLICA Salus seated l. with cornears.
155–158. IMP NERVA CAES AVG PM TR POT Head r. laur.
℞ COS III PATER PATRIAE Priestly emblems.
159. IMP NERVA CAES AVG PM TR P II COS III PP Head r. laur.
℞ AEQUITAS AVG Aequitas 1. with scales and cornucopiae.
160. Same.
℞ CONCORDIA EXER[CITVVM] Clasped hands, holding legionary eagle, resting on prow.
161. Same.
℞ FORTUNA AVGVST Fortuna holding rudder and cornucopiae.
162. IMP NERVA CAES AVG PM TR POT II Head r. laur.
℞ COS III PATER PATRIAE Priestly emblems.
163. IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM Head r. laur.
℞ PM TRP COS II PP Concordia seated before altar with patera and double cornucopiae.
164. Same.
℞ Same. Pax l. with olive branch and cornucopiae.
165 and 166. Same.
℞ Same. Vesta seated l. holding patera and torch.
167.* Same.
℞ PONT MAX TRPOT COS II Abundantia seated l. on chair, arms of which are crossed cornuacopiae.
168–170. Same.
℞ Same. Concordia seated l. holding patera and double cornucopiae; before her, an altar.
171 and 172. Same.
℞ Same. Vesta seated l. holding patera and torch.
173. Same.
℞ Same. Victory seated l., holding patera and palm.
174.* Same.
℞ PM TRP COS III PP Abundantia seated on chair, arms of which are crossed cornuacopiae.
175. Same.
℞ Same. Concordia seated l. with patera and double cornucopiae.
176. Same. Head r. laur. and aegis.
℞ Same. Pax standing l. with olive branch and cornucopiae.
177–179. Same without aegis on obverse.
180–182. Same. (181 has aegis on obv.)
℞ Same. Victory seated l. holding patera and palm.
183* and 184. Same. (183 has aegis.)
℞ PM TRP COS IIII PP Hercules standing front on altar, holding club and lion's skin.
185. Same.
℞ Same. Pax l., with cornucopiae and olive branch.
186–188. Same. (188 has aegis on obv.)
℞ Same. Victory standing front, head l., halfdraped, holding wreath and palm.
189–192. Same. (192 with aegis.)
℞ Same. Victory walking l., holding wreath and palm.
193. Same, (aegis.)
℞ Same. Victory walking r., head l, holding
194. Same, (aegis.)
℞ Same. Victory standing l. at altar, holding wreath and palm.
195. Same. (dr. l. s.) IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP.
℞ AET AVG (across field); COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC Aeternitas standing holding heads representing the sun and moon.
196–201.* Same. (dr. l. s.)
℞ DAC CAP (in ex.) COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC Dacian seated l. on pile of arms. Cf.
202–205. Same. (dr. l. s.)
℞ DANVVIVS (in ex.) COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC The
206 and 207. Same. (dr. l. s.)
℞ PAX (in ex.) COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC Pax standing l. with cornucopiae, setting fire to pile of shields.
208 and 209. Same. (dr. l. s.)
℞ PIET (in ex.) same inscr. Pietas veiled, standing l. by altar, holding patera and sceptre.
210. Same. (dr. l. s.)
℞ COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC Mars walking l. holding a Victory and trophy.
211. Same. (dr. l. s.)
℞ Same. Roma standing l., holding Victory and spear.
212–213. Same. (dr. l. s.)
℞ Same. Roma seated l., holding Victory and spear.
214*–219. Same. Head laur. r. draped.
℞ Same. Aequitas standing l. holding cornucopiae and scales.
220–221. Same.
℞ Same. Aequitas seated l. with scales and cornucopiae.
222–224. Same.
℞ Same. Felicitas standing l. holding caduceus and cornucopiae.
225–227. Same.
℞ Same. Draped female figures (Spes) standing
228. Same.
℞ Same. Fortuna standing l. holding cornucopiae and rudder on prow.
229 and 230. Same.
℞ Same. Pax standing l. leaning on a column, holding olive-branch.
231*–235. Same.
℞ Same. Victory fully draped standing l. holding wreath and palm. Not in
236–241. Same.
℞ Same. Victory half-draped l. holding wreath and palm.
242. Same.
℞ Same. Victory fully draped standing l. on two shields.
243–246. Same.
℞ Same. Victory r., inscribing on a shield fixed to a trophy:
247. Same.
℞ Same. Victory walking l., holding wreath and palm.
248–250. Same.
℞ Same. Arabia standing l., holding branch and bundle of cinnamon sticks; at her feet, a camel l.
251.* Same.
℞ Same. Trophy of arms: one round and two hexagonal shields; at base, two javelins and round shield on l.; two swords and
hexagonal shield on r. Cf.
252.* Same.
℞ Same. At base, javelin on either side; at l., hexagonal, at r., round shield. 103–11.
253 and 254. Same.
℞ Same. At base, at r., two javelins and hexagonal shield; at l., sword and round shield. 103–11.
255. Same.
℞ Same. At base, on l., two javelins and hexagonal shield; r., two swords and round shield. 103–11.
256 and 257. Same.
℞ Same. At base, sword and round shield; r.,
258. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP COS V PP Bust draped r., Aegis.
℞ S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI Mars nude, walking r., holding spear and trophy.
259. Same inscr.
℞ Same inscr. Bust draped, r.
Same. Mars r. holding spear, and resting on shield.
260. Same.
℞ Same. Aequitas l. holding scales and double cornucopiae.
261. Same.
℞ Same. Pax seated l., holding branch and sceptre; at feet, kneeling Dacian.
262 and 263. Same (aegis).
℞ Same. Felicitas standing l. before altar holding caduceus and cornucopiae.
264. Same (aegis).
℞ Same. Dacia seated r. in mournful attitude on shield; beneath, curved sword.
265–267. Same (aegis).
℞ Same. Dacia seated r. at foot of trophy.
268. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER PM TRP COS V DES VI [PP] Bust r. dr. (aegis).
℞ Same, in ex.: VESTA. Vesta seated l. with palladium and sceptre.
269. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP COS VI PP Head r. dr. (aegis)
℞ S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI In ex.: ALIM ITAL Abundantia standing l. holding ears of corn and cornucopiae; at her feet, a
child standing.
270. Same.
℞ Same. In ex.: ARAB ADQ Arabia standing front, head l., holding forth in r. a branch, in l., a bunch of cinnamon sticks;
at her feet, an ostrich.
271. Same.
℞ Same. In ex.: PAX Pax standing l. with cornucopiae, setting fire to pile of shields.
272. Same. Head r., undraped.
℞ Same. In ex.: VESTA. Vesta seated l., holding palladium and sceptre.
273. Same. Head r., both shoulders draped.
℞ SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI Mars nude, walking r. with spear and trophy.
274 and 275. Same.
℞ Same. Felicitas l. with caduceus and cornucopiae.
276 and 277. Same.
℞ Same. Genius standing r., holding patera and ears of corn.
278* Same.
Same.
279–283. Same. (Bust r. laur. dr. and cuir.)
℞ Same. Eagle between two standards. Cf.
284–285* and 286. IMP TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PM TR P Bust r. laur. draped.
℞ COS VI PP SPQR Genius standing l., holding patera and ears of corn.
287. IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC Head laur. r. dr.
℞ FORT RED (in ex.) [ ] VI PP SPQR Fortuna seated l., holding rudder and cornucopiae. Cf.
288. IMP TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC [PM TR P] Head r. laur. dr.
℞ FORT RED (in ex.) COS VI PP SPQR
289. IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC Head r. laur. dr.
℞ PM TRP COS V SPQR Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus and cornucopiae.
290. Same. (dr. and cuir.)
℞ Same. FORT RED (in ex.) Fortuna seated l., holding cornucopiae and rudder.
291 and 292. Same. (dr. and cuir.)
℞ PM TRP COS VI PP SPQR Mars walking r. with spear and trophy (?).
293 and 294. Same. dr. and cuir. r.
℞ Same.
295.* Bust r. draped. MATIDIA AVG DIVAE MAR[CIANAE F].
℞ PIETAS [AVG]VST Matidia standing facing, head l., placing her hands on the heads of Sabina and Matidia the younger.
296. AϒT KAIΣ NEP TPAIAN [ΣEB ΓEPM] Head r. laur.
℞ ΔHMAPX EΞ ϒПAT Г Head of Zeus Ammon r., bearded and horned. B. M. C. Gal., etc. p. 53, no. 56. 100 A. D.
297* and 298.* Same. Larger flan.
℞ Same. Denarius. 100 A. D.
299. AϒTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIAN CEB ГEPM ΔAK Head r., laur.
℞ ΔHMAPX EΞ
300. Coin of
† The letter vau, Greek numeral for six.
Tac. Ann. II, 59, 4: Augustus inter alia dominationis arcana .... seposuit Aegyptum.
Quoted by
Archiv f. Papyrusforschung, I, p. 272 ff.
Segr�, op cit. p. 417.
B. V. Head, in
P. L. Strack, Untersuchungen zur römischen Reichspr�gung des zweiten Jahrhunderts. Teil I, Die Reichspr�gung zur Zeit des