Numismatic Bibliography of the Far East

Author
Bowker, Howard Franklin
Series
Numismatic Notes and Monographs
Publisher
American Numismatic Society
Place
New York
Date
Source
Donum
Source
Worldcat
Source
Worldcat Works
Source
HathiTrust

License

CC BY-NC

Acknowledgement

Open access edition funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities/Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Humanities Open Book Program.

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Table of Contents

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BODY

FOREWORD

This bibliography might be termed a by-product from an interest in Far Eastern numismatics which developed from the acquisition by the compiler some fifteen years ago of a single volume on Chinese coins entitled Ch'uan Chih Hsin Pien. From time to time other publications were added to the collection until it now forms a quite presentable corpus of the subject.

Only a very limited number of published articles on this subject are to be found in books devoted entirely to some particular phase of Far Eastern numismatics, by far the greatest number having been published in the pages of magazines now defunct or in ephemeral pamphlets. Some of the latter appear to be real rarities, as only a single copy of each has been seen in the several libraries, public and private, which have been searched. In the beginning only items pertaining to China and contiguous areas were noted, but eventually it was found that it was difficult, if not impossible, to draw a sharp line of demarkation between the circulating medium of China and its vassal states, and that of those countries whose coinage is derived more or less directly from Chinese sources or cultural influences. It therefore includes the chinoid coinages of Annam, Corea, Tibet, and Japan, as well as the non-chinoid states of Nepal, Siam, Mexico and others whose coinages circulated within territories under Chinese suzerainty, or otherwise were affected or influenced by Chinese culture numismatically.

No claim of completeness is made. From the regularity with which new items have been added during the two years in which this project has been taking form as a spare time activity there must be many other items which have escaped attention. Many of the items included are of doubtful value, having been superseded by later and more accurate publications, but these have been included, nevertheless, for what they are worth. Where it is known that deprints, offprints, or reprints (call them what you will) have been made of articles which first appeared in the pages of periodicals, they have been indicated as well as the original sources of many magazine articles which have themselves been found to be reprints. Reviews of outstanding works have also been listed as they, in many instances, contain pertinent information not in the work reviewed or give estimates by learned Sinologists of the value of the publications. Most of the titles are in European languages. A few items in oriental languages have been included, principally because they have not been noted in any other bibliography.

With a number of exceptions, the items listed have been examined in one or more of their printed forms. This is mentioned only in explanation of the many instances where the listings differ herein from those published elsewhere. Every possible effort has been taken to make all items complete, accurate and concise. A key to the particular library or libraries in which each item has been found is supplied. It is hoped that this feature will be of value particularly in the cases of rare pamphlets which are not in even the largest libraries. A substantial number of the items listed are in the really great numismatic library of the Museum of the American Numismatic Society in New York City, which is without doubt the most complete in its field in America. In fact this list might be considered a digest of the items on Far Eastern numismatics in that library, having been largely compiled from its shelves.1*

The arrangement of the bibliography is alphabetical according to authors' names, or to titles in cases where it has not been possible to establish the author's identity. Authors' names are printed in bold-faced type. When there is more than one entry for an author, his name appears with the first entry only; in all succeeding entries it is indicated by a single ruling (i. e., a long dash). So that books and independently-published pamphlets may be readily distinguished from periodical articles, the titles of the former have been printed in italics, while those of the latter appear in the regular Roman type. To conserve space, abbreviations have been used for the names of the most frequently cited periodicals; a list of these abbreviations precedes the bibliography. In the subject-index reference has been made to the items of the bibliography by their serial numbers. Because dealers' catalogues often contain material and illustrations not readily found elsewhere, a list of such catalogues had been appended. This list is by no means exhaustive; with but a few exceptions, only those catalogues of American and European dealers with photographic illustrations have been selected for listing. The numbers of these are preceded by the letter "C", to distinguish them from the serial numbers of the main bibliography in the subject-index.

End Notes

* The Society is attempting to obtain those items not already credited to its library in this bibliography. A survey of the Society's numismatic books in the Chinese language was prepared by the compiler and published in 1940, cf. No. 53 herein.

LIST OF LIBRARIES

  • A American Numismatic Society, New York City, N. Y.
  • AA American Numismatic Association, Burlington, Ia.
  • AGS American Geographical Society, New York City, N. Y.
  • B H. F. Bowker, Oakland, Calif.
  • BM Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, N. Y.
  • CC Collectors Club, New York City, N. Y.
  • CCC Chicago Coin Club, Chicago, 111.
  • Cr John Crerar Library, Chicago, 111.
  • Col Columbia University, New York City, N. Y.
  • E Essex Institute, Salem, Mass.
  • LC Library of Congress, Washington, D. C.
  • NY New York City Public Library, New York City, N. Y.
  • NCh North China Branch Royal Asiatic Society, Shanghai, China
  • T Toyo Bunko (The Morrison Library), Tokyo, Japan

ABBREVIATIONS USED FOR PERIODICALS

  • A Atlantis (Berlin)
  • AA Artibus Asiae (Dresden)
  • AER American Economic Review
  • AJA American Journal of Archaeology (New York City)
  • AJN American Journal of Numismatics (New York City, 1866–1924)
  • ASB Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (Calcutta)
  • As Asia (New York City)
  • ASJ Asia Stamp Journal (Shanghai, 1939–1941)
  • BMB Berliner Ménzblatter (Berlin)
  • BMF Blétter für Ménzfreunde (Halle)
  • BMK Blétter für Ménzkunde (Hanover)
  • BMFEA Bulletin of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities (Oslo)
  • BN Bulletin de Numismatique (Paris)
  • CANJ Canadian Antiquarian and Numismatic Journal (Montreal)
  • CCCB Chicago Coin Club Bulletin (Chicago)
  • CCJ Coin Collector's Journal (New York City)
  • CH Curiosity Hunter (Rockford, I11.)
  • CJ China Journal (Shanghai)
  • CJSA China Journal of Science and Arts (Shanghai, 1923–1926)
  • CM Cassier's Monthly (London)
  • CRc Chinese Recorder and Missionary Journal (Foochow, 1868–1872; Shanghai, 1874–1920)
  • CRp Chinese Repository (Canton, 1832–1851)
  • CRv China Review (Hongkong, 1872–1901)
  • GSPSR Chinese Social and Political Science Review.
  • CUP China United Press (Shanghai)
  • CW Collier's Weekly (New York City)
  • DM Deutsche Ménzblétter (Berlin)
  • DN Der Numismatiker (Danzig)
  • EA East of Asia (Shanghai, 1902–1906)
  • EM Elder's Magazine (New York City, 1910–1911)
  • FM Frankfurter Ménzzeitung (Frankfurt)
  • GNB Gazette Numismatique (Bruxelles)
  • GR Geographic Review (New York City)
  • H Hobbies (Chicago)
  • HJAS Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies (Cambridge, 1936–date)
  • IA Indian Antiquary (Bombay)
  • JA Journal Asiatique (Paris)
  • JMGS Journal of the Manchester Geographical Society (Manchester)
  • JNChRAS Journal of the North China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (Shanghai, 1864–1940)
  • JPOS Journal of the Peking Oriental Society (Peking, 1885–1898)
  • JRAS Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (London, 1834–date)
  • JRASM Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Malayan Branch (Singapore)
  • JSLSS Journal of the Shanghai Literary and Scientific Society (Shanghai, 1858–1860)
  • JSS Journal of the Siam Society (Bangkok)
  • JTRS Journal of the Thailand Research Society (Bangkok)
  • JWCRS Journal of the West China Border Research Society (Chengtu, 1929–date)
  • MASB Memoirs, Asiatic Society of Bengal
  • MCMFW Mittheilungen des Clubs der Ménz- und Medaillen-Freude in Wien (Vienna)
  • MDGNVO Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Natur- und Volkerkunde Ostasiens (Tokyo-Berlin, 1873–date)
  • MM Mitteilungen für Ménzsammler (Frankfurt)
  • MNGW Monatsblatt der Numismatischen Gesellschaft in Wien
  • MNM Meld's Numismatic Monthly (Fort Worth)
  • MSOS Mitteilungen des Seminars für Orientalische Sprachen (Berlin)
  • MCCM Mason's Coin Collector's Magazine (Philadelphia)
  • N Numismatist (Baltimore, 1888–date)
  • NAR North American Review (New York City)
  • NASP The Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia Proceedings
  • NC Numismatic Chronicle (London)
  • NCR New China Review (Hongkong and Shanghai, 1919–1922)
  • NJ Numismatic Journal (London)
  • NPJJ Numismatic and Philatelic Journal of Japan (Yokohama)
  • NQ Notes and Queries on China and Japan (Hongkong, 1867–1870)
  • NSM Numismatic Scrapbook Magazine (Chicago)
  • NZ Numismatische Zeitschrift (Vienna)
  • OZ Ostasiatische Zeitschrift (Berlin)
  • PAAS Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (Boston)
  • PAAPSS Publications of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
  • PANS Proceedings of the American Numismatic and Archaeological Society (New York City, 1886–1892)
  • PIEI Publication de l'Institut ethnographique international (Paris)
  • QMC Questions Monétaires Contemporaines (Paris)
  • RAS Transactions of the Royal Asiatic Society (London, 1827–date)
  • RAA Révue des Arts Asiatiques
  • RBN Révue Belge de Numismatique (Bruxelles)
  • RE Révue d'ethnographic (Milano)
  • RIN Rivista Italiana di Numismatica (Milano)
  • RIS Révue International de Sociologie
  • RN Révue Numismatique (Paris, 1836–77, 1883–1939)
  • S Sinica (Frankfort)
  • SGR Société de géographie du Rochefort
  • SHEPL Studies in History, Economics and Public Law (New York City)
  • SNC Spink & Son's Monthly Numismatic Circular (London)
  • TP T'oung Pao (Leiden, 1890–date)
  • TASJ Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan (Tokyo, 1872–date)
  • TKRAS Transactions of the Korean Branch, Royal Asiatic Society (Seoul, 1900–1922)
  • TKASJ Transactions of the Korean Branch, Asiatic Society of Japan
  • TChRAS Transactions of the China Branch, Royal Asiatic Society (Hongkong, 1847–1859)
  • TJSL Transactions of the Japan Society (London)
  • TRAS Transactions of Royal Asiatic Society
  • WCNL Weekly Canton News Letter (Canton)
  • YR Yale Review (New Haven)
  • ZDMG Zeitschrift der deutschen morgenléndischen Gesellschaft

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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NY T
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NY
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A
Aleksieev, Vasilii M. (1863– ). Numismaticheskaia Kollekshiia kitaaiskago bogdokhama Tsian-Luna. (Numismatic collection of the Emperor Ch'ien Lung.) Zapiski Numismatic Section, Russian Archeological Society, v. 1, fasc. 1, 1906, pp. 29–50, pl.
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AB
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Reprint: 1907.
B
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A
—— Risunki i tablicy k opisaniiu kitaiskih monetovidnyh amuleton i blagajelatelnyh medalei. (Reproductions and lists of Chinese amulets and medals.) St. Petersburg, 1912, 3 pp., 8 pls. reproducing 86 pieces.
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NY T
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NY
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A
Ament, William Scott. The ancient coinage of China. AJA, v. 4, no. 3, Sep. 1888, pp. 284–290, pls. Reprint: 8 p., pls.
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Ancient paper money. N, v. 23, no. 4, Apr. 1910, p. 115.
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A
Anderson, F. Memorandum on Chinese currency. North China Herald Office, 1903, 6 pp.
AT
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A
Andersson, John G. A prehistoric village in Honan. CJ, v. 1, no. 5, pp. 508–512, illus.
Note on p. 512 on cyprea moneta found at Anyang and Yangshao sites.
NY
Andrew, A. Piatt. The end of the Mexican dollar. Quarterly Journal of Economics, v. 18, May 1904, pp. 321–356.
An account of the use of Spanish, Mexican, and other dollar coins in various countries, especially in the far east.
A
An assay of sundry foreign coins. CRp, v. 14, no. 5, May 1845, p. 245.
Reprinted from China Mail, 22 May 1845.
Assays made by the shroff of Kwanghang of Canton.
NY T
Characters on Chinese coins. NQ, v. 2, no. 4, Apr. 1868, p. 63.
Reply to query, see no. 154, giving stanza formed by 20 characters found on the reverses of K'ang Hsi cash, the 1st, 2d, and 4th lines of which form a rhyme.
NY T
Atkins, James. The coins and tokens of the possessions and colonies of the British Empire. London, 1889, 402 pp. illus.
Hong Kong: pp. 217–227.
A
Ausménzung Japans. BMF, Jhg. 12, 1876, no. 51, p. 396.
A
B., G. Ménzen der Raja's von Nepal. BMK, v. 1, no. 25, 1835.
A
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A
Ball, James Dyer. A Chinese coin. CRv, v. 6, no. 3, Nov. 1877, p. 212, illus.
B T
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A transcription from "Chinese Life in Town and Country"
A
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Irregular ingots of silver bearing Chinese inscriptions found at Rajdestvenskii, Solikansk dist., Perm gov't., Russia, in 1851, and at Tchigirob, Tcherdynsk canton, Perm gov't., Russia, in 1914.
NY
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AGS
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Chinese curios: Cash, pp. 499–500.
B
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AB
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AB
Bergman, Folke. Lou-lan wood carvings and small finds discovered by Sven Hedin. Bulletin no. 7, The Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities, Stockholm, 1935, pp. 71–144, pls.
Coins and cowries, pp. 139–140.
Review: HJAS v. 2, no. 2, p. 24.
A
Bicknell, see Imlay (no. 350).
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Reprinted from Le Soir, Feb. 20, 1901,
A
Biot, Edouard Constant (1803–1850). Mémoire sur le systéme monétaire des chinoises. JA, ser. 3, v. 3, May 1837, pp. 422–465; v. 4, no. 2, Aug. pp. 97–141; no. 3, Sep. pp. 209–252; no. 5, Nov. pp. 441–467.
NY T
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A
—— Chinese knife money. NJ, v. 2, June 1837, pp. 56–58.
A
—— Sycee silver. NC, v. 7, no. 24, Jan. 1845, pp. 173–179.
Lists sycee received by Great Britain as part of "the Chinese ransom."
A
—— Tin medal from Cha Poo, in the province of Che Keang. NC, v. 7, 1845, p. 43.
A
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A
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Reprinted.
A B
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"Pillar" and "Chop" dollars, p. 66.
B E T
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Reprint: 8 pp.
Col
—— Sur une collection d'amulettes Chinoises. Revue Anthropologique, 1918.
Reprint: Librarie Félix Alcan.
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Blokland, Beelaerts de. Une médaille chinoise. RBN, v. 67, no. 4, 1911, pp. 397–399.
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A
Bonaparte, Roland. Monnaies mongoles. Documents de l'époque mongole des XIII et XIV siécles. Paris, 1895, p. 5 and pl. xv.
NY
Bonneville, A. Encyclopédie monétaire ou nouveau traité des monnaies d'or et d'argent en circulation chez les divers peuples du monde. Paris, 1851. 220 pp. pls. folio.
Annam: pp. 181–182, pls. 1–2; China: pp. 183–185, pl.; Japan: pp. 187–188, pl.
NY
Bons d'Anty, Pierre. Une roupie chinoise pour le Tibet. La Gégraphie, Bulletin de la Socitété de Géographie, v. 8, pp. 152–153.
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A
—— La médaille du gouvernement provisoire de Tientsin. (1900–1902). RN, ser. 4, v. 10, 1906, pp. 343–347, illus.
A E
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Excerpt from a letter reporting finding 30 copper coins.
NY
Bowker, Howard Franklin (1889– ). Chinese books in the library of the American Numismatic Society. CCJ, v. 7, no. 8, Aug. 1940, pp. 230–232; no. 9, Sep. pp. 258–259; no. 10, Oct. pp. 281–283, illus.
A B E
—— Ramsdeniana. CCJ, v. 8, no. 5, May 1941, pp. 76–79.
A bibliography of the numismatic writings of Henry Alexander Ramsden (1872–1915).
AB
Bowring, John. Coins of Siam. CANJ, v. 1, no. l, jul. 1872, p. 39.
A
Boyd, F. C. C. Siam bullet coinage, Bankok dynasty. N, v. 44, no. 10, Oct. 1931, pp. 676–678, illus.
A
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NY
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Review: CRv, v. 9, no. 2, Sep. 1880, pp. 115–116.
A B E LC NY
—— Notes on Japanese iron coins. NC, ser. 3, v. 2, no. 8, 1882, pp. 342–350.
A B
Brass cash and the age of bronze. AJN, v. 24, no. 3, Jan. 1890, pp. 56–57.
A E
Bratter, Herbert M. China and world silver movements. GR, v. 26, no. 1, Jan. 1936, pp. 45–47, maps.
A B
—— Eternal Silver. As, v. 34, no. 3, Mar. 1934, pp. 160–163, illus.
B NY
Brewett-Taylor, C. H. A handful of cash. CRv, v. 17, no. 6, Jun. 1889, pp. 357–359.
NY, T
Brichaut, Auguste. Numismatique Siamoise. RBN, v. 31, 1875, pp. 437–440, pls.
Reprint: Bruxelles, 1875, 6 pp., pls.
A E
—— Numismatique Siamoise. RBN, v. 34, 1878, pp. 417–420.
Reprint: Numismatique Siamoise, 2e article. Bruxelles, 1878, 4 pp.
A E
Brimelow, William. Chinese money. N, v. 53, no. 3, Mar. 1940, pp. 169–170.
A
Britton, Roswell S. A horn printing block. H J A S, v. 3, no. 2, Jul. 1938, pp. 99–102, pls.
Reprinted.
A B
Brudin, John Andrew (1846–1901). Cast iron coins. China, Annam, and Japan. N, v. 5, no. 5, Sep. 1892, pp. 38–40.
A
—— The coinage of China. N, v. 9, no. 4, Apr. 1896, pp. 76–81; no. 6, Jun. pp. 115–121; no. 8, Aug. pp. 153–161; no. 10/11/12, Dec. pp. 208–215; v. 10, no. 1, Jan. 1897, pp. 10–12; no. 2, Feb. pp. 45–51; no. 6, Jun.–Jul. pp. 110–114; no. 11/12, Nov.–Dee. pp. 184–187; v. 11, no. 1, Jan. 1898, pp. 8–11; no. 5, May pp. 119–123; no. 8, Aug. pp. 195–200, illus., pls.
A E
—— Coins of Korea. N, v. 13, no. 7, Jul. 1900, pp. 171–173, illus.
A E NY
—— The coins of the Chinese abroad. N, v. 14, no. 6, Jun. 1901, pp. 151–155; no. 7, Jul. pp. 191–194, illus.
A E NY
—— The coins of the Mantchu dynasty. N, v. 3, no. 21/22, Nov. 1891, p. 85; v. 4, no. 1, Jan. 1892, pp. 4–6; no. 2, Feb., p. 22; no. 4, Apr. pp. 52–53; v. 5, no. 4, Oct. pp. 57–59, illus.
Reprinted.
A
—— The coins of Wang Mang. N, v. 3, no. ⅞, Apr. 1891, pp. 25–27; no. 9/10, May, pp. 33–35; no. 11/12, Jun. pp. 41–43; no. 13/14, Jul. pp. 49–50; no. 17/18, Sep. p. 67, illus.
Reprinted.
A
—— The earliest Chinese coinage. N, v. 3, no. 10, Oct. 1891, p. 76, illus.
A
—— The medals of China. N, v. 12, no. 7, Jul. 1899, pp. 179–184; no. 9, Sep. pp. 195–199; no. 12, Dec. pp. 264–266.
A NY
—— The porcelain coins of Siam. N, v. 8, no. 4, Apr. 1895, pp. 87–99, pl.
A
—— Rebellion coinage of China. N, v. 7, no. 7, Jul. 1894, pp. 132–136, pl.
A E
—— The twelve ancient coins of Japan. N, v. 8, no. 11, Nov. 1895, pp. 270–273, illus.
A
—— Tsien, tchen, chien, or cash. N, v. 7, no. 9, Sep. 1894, pp. 183–187; no. 10, Oct. pp. 222–225, illus.
A E
Brunet, J. L. Les ordres de chevalerie et les distinctions honorifiques au Japon. Paris, 1903. 45 pp. illus.
A
Bucknill, J. A. S. Observations on some coins obtained in Malaya and particularly from Trenganu, Kelantan, and southern Siam. JRASM, v. 1, Apr. 1923, pp. 194–217, pls. II–III.
Reprint.
A
—— Remarks upon certain currency notes, coins and tokens emanating from Malaya during and after the war. JRASM, v. 85, 1922, pp. 124–134, 5 pls.
Paper money with marks of value in Chinese and English.
NY
Burnouf, Emile. Mémoire sur le classement des monnaies japonaises. Congrés international des Orientalistes, 1873, pp. 110–111, illus.
A
Bushell, Stephen Wootton (1844–1908). Additional coins of the present dynasty. JNChRAS, v. 33, 1900–01, pp. 30–45, illus.
Reprinted: Shanghai, 1900, 16 pp. illus.
A B E NY T
—— Ancient Roman coins from Shansi. JPOS, v. 1, no. 2, 1885, pp. 17–28, illus.
NY T
—— Chinese authors on numismatics. CRc, v. 4, Aug. 1871, pp. 62–64.
A B E T
—— Chinese bank notes. CRv, v. 7, no. 2, Sep. 1878, pp. 134–136.
NY T
—— Chinese cash. CRv, v. 1, no. 6, May 1873, pp. 397–398.
E NY T
—— A Chinese coin. CRv, v. 7, no. 1, Jul. 1878, p. 76.
NY T
—— The Chinese silver coinage of Tibet. CRv, v. 6, no. 6, May 1878, pp. 348–349, illus.
B T
—— The Chinese silver coinage of Tibet. CRv, v. 7, no. 6, May 1879, p. 392.
B NY T
—— Coins of the Ming. CRv, v. 8, no. 1, Jul. 1879, pp. 65–66.
B NY T
—— Coins of the present dynasty of China. JNChRAS, v. 15, 1880, pp. 195–308, illus., colored pls.
Reprint: Shanghai, 1881.
A B E T
—— The Hsi Hsia dynasty of Tangut, their money and peculiar inscriptions. JNChRAS, v. 30, 1895–96, pt. 2, pp. 142–160, illus.
E NY T
—— Une monnaie tangoutaine. JA, ser. 9, v. 11, no. 1, Jan.–Feb. 1898, pp. 72–74, illus.
Translation of the part of no. 95 pertaining to coins.
NY
—— The Tangut script in the Nank'ou Pass. CRv, v. 24, no. 1, Jul. 1900, pp. 64–68, illus.
On p. 67, translations of inscriptions on two Tangut coins of T'ien Tz'u Li Sheng (Kuo Ch'ing A. D. 1074) and Ta An (A. D. 1075–85), the second and third men hao of the same sovereign (A. D. 1068–1086). Inscriptions: Tien tz'u pao ch'ien and Ta an pao ch'ien.
NY
—— A new mint in Chinese Turkestan. CRv, v. 11, no. 4, Jan. 1883, pp. 261–262.
NY T
—— A new silver coinage for Chinese Turkestan. CRv, v. 13, no. 2, Sep. 1884, pp. 86–87, illus.
B NY T
—— Notice sur une nouvelle monnaie tangoutaine. JA, ser. 9, v. 14, 1899, pp. 558–560, illus.
NY
—— Numerals. NQ, n.s., v. 4, no. 7/8, 19 Sep. 1870, pp. 100–102, illus.
A discussion of the old style numerals found on the Wang Mang pu.
NY T
—— On the use of cowries in China. NQ, n.s., v. 4, no. 9/10, 29 Nov. 1870, pp. 147–148.
NY T
—— Rare Chinese coins. CRv, v. 3, no. 6, May 1875, pp. 386–387.
B NY T
—— A rare Manchu coin. CRv, v. 6, no. 2, Sep. 1887, pp. 143–144, illus.
B NY T
—— Roman and Chinese coinage. CRv, v. 1, no. 2, Sep.–Oct. 1872, pp. 117–118, illus.
E NY T
—— Specimens of ancient Chinese paper money. JPOS, v. 2, no. 4, 1887, pp. 308–316, illus.
Reprint: Peking, 1889, 9 pp., illus. 8é
A NY T
C., G. M. The word sapéque. NQ, v. 2, no. 7, Jul. 1868, p. 108.
NY T
Campbell, W. E. M. Nepalese war medals. ASB, v. 10, no. 5, 1914, Num, Suppl. no. 22, pp. 195–196, pl.
A
Campos, J. de. The origin of the tical. JTRS, v. 23, pt. 2, Nov. 1941, pp. 119–135.
NYPL
Carboneri, Giovanni. I sistemi monetari. Cina. Rassegna numismatica, v. 30, no. 6, Jun. 1933, pp. 211–222, pls.
A
Carter, Thomas Francis (1882–1925). The invention of printing in China and its spread westward. N. Y., 1925, 282 pp., tables, maps, pls., 8é.
Reprinted: 1931.
Ch. 11, The printing of paper money, pp. 70–81; Notes on Chapter 11, pp. 222–226; Bibliography, Chapter 11, pp. 267–268.
A B
Casasus, Joaquin D. La reforma monetaria en Mexico. Mexico, 1905, 369 pp.
On pp. 1–144, Spanish text; pp. 145–184, Spanish text, "El peso Mexicano y sus rivales en los mercados del extreme oriente"; pp. 185–330, English translation by Louis S. Simonds, "Currency Reform in Mexico"; pp. 331–369, English translation by Louis S. Simonds, "The Mexican Peso and its Rivals in the Markets of the Far East."
NY
Chalfant, Frank Herring (1862–1914). Ancient Chinese coinage. Chapter 3 of Shantung, Robert Coventry Forsyth, Ed., pp. 35–53, illus. Shanghai, 1912.
Reprint: T. Leslie, Christian Literature Society, Shanghai, 1913, 21 pp. illus.
A B T
—— Recent additions of Chinese coins to the collection of the Carnegie Museum. N, v. 9, no. 4, Apr. 1896, pp. 86–87.
Reprinted from Pittsburgh Times, 24 April (1896).
A
Chalmers, Robert. A history of currency in the British colonies. London, 1893. 496 pp..
Chapter 37: Hong Kong, pp. 371–380.
Review: JRAS v. 25, 1893, p. 666.
A
Chamberlin, William Henry. China's great currency adventure. As, v. 36, no. 3, Mar. 1936, pp. 200–201.
NY
Chang Kiangau. The vanishing Mexican dollar. Millard's Review of the Far East, v. 1, no. 9, 4 Aug. 1917, pp. 235–239.
A summary of the use of Mexican and other foreign and native dollars from 1888 to 1917, with particulars as to their weight, fineness, and circulation.
NY
Chapel, Charles E. Rare Chinese coins. H, v. 42, no. 1, Mar. 1937, pp. 86–88, illus.
A B
Chardin, Pacifique. Monnaies d'extréme orient chinoise, coréennes, japonaises et annamites. Lille, 1912, 77 pp., illus.
A B E
Chaudoir, Stanislaw de. Recueil de monnaies de la Chine, du Japon, de la Corée, d'Annam et de Java, au nombre de plus de mille, précédé d'une introduction historique sur ces monnaies. St. Petersburg, 1842, 81 pp., pls.
Review: E. Brat, BN, 1847, v. 12, pp. 78–84.
B E T
—— Le cycle turc des douze animaux. TP, ser. 2, v. 7, no. 1, Mar. 1906, pp. 51–122, pls.
Describes some temple money and gives explanations of the animal signs found on many Chinese medals and coin charms.
Reprint.
E NY T
Chavannes, Edouard (1865–1918). Les inscriptions des Ts'in. JA, ser. 9, v. 1, May–Jun. 1893, pp. 473–521.
E NY
Cheating the Gods. N, v. 9, no. 6, Jun. 1896, p. 124.
Reprinted from North China Herald. A description of the manufacture and use of paper dollars for funerary purposes.
A
Cheng Te-K'un. A brief history of Chinese silver currency, illustrated with the collection of Mr. C. K. Cheng. N, v. 55, no. 11, Nov. 1942, pp. 781–788.
A
Chijs, J. A. van der. Catalogus der numismatische verzameling van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen door. 4th ed. Batavia, 1896, 375 pp.
Review: G. Schlegel, TP, v. 7, p. 286.
A E NY
—— see also Netscher, E. (no. 515).
Chijs, Pieter Otto van der (1802–1867). Monnaie des Tai-Ping, les rebelles en Chine. RBN, ser. 4, v. 1, 1863, pp. 47–48, pl.
Note on a coin presented to the University of Leyden by G. Schlegel.
AE
The China Yearbook 1923, edited by H. G. W. Woodhead. Tientsin, 1923. 1243 pp.
Chapter XI: Money, weights, and measures, pp. 230–233; Chapter XIII: Currency, pp. 264–299.
A
China's coinage of silver. A J N, v. 25, no. 3, Jan. 1891, pp. 70–71.
A E
China's numerous dollar-size silver coins. N, v. 43, no. 4, Apr. 1930, p. 227, illus.
Trial Sun Yat-sen "Junk" dollar of 18th year (1929) and full-face trial of 16th year (1927), of which only 480 are said to have been struck.
A
Chinese bank notes. AJN, v. 20, no. 2, Oct. 1885, p. 46.
A
Chinese Bronzes. AJN, v. 9, no. 2, Oct. 1874, p. 46.
A
Chinese collection. AJN, v. 12, no. 3, Jan. 1878, pp. 73–74.
A
Chinese currency. AJN, v. 15, no. 3, Jan. 1881, pp. 61–63.
AB
—— CCJ, v. 4, no. 38, Jan. 1879, pp. 12–13; no. 39, Feb. pp. 29–32; no. 41, Apr. pp. 60–62.
A review of Vissering "On Chinese Currency" copied from The Nation, v. 26, no. 655, 17 Jan. 1878, pp. 45–47.
A NY
Chinese "Hard-Times" tokens. N, v. 4, no. 5, May 1892, p. 73, illus.
A
Chinese money. AJN, v. 22, no. 4, Apr. 1888, p. 99
A
—— CANJ, v. 7, no. 4, Apr. 1879, pp. 175–176.
A
Chinese paper money. N, v. 54, no. 8, Aug. 1941, pp. 615–616.
A
Chinese republic dollar. N, v. 26, no. 1, Jan. 1913, p. 17, illus.
A
Chinese rupee and its divisions for Tibet. N, v. 27, no. 10, Oct. 1914, p. 542.
A
Chinese silver coinage. AJN, v. 30, no. 2, Oct. 1895, p. 60.
A
Die chinesische Numismatik. BMK, v. 3, no. 15/16, 1837, col. 161–167, pls.; Nachtrag, col. 274.
A NY
Chinesisches Ménz- und Geld-Wesen. BMF, v. 14, 1878, no. 65, pp. 531–534.
A
Ch'in Ting Ch'ien Lu. Li Kuei ed. of 1880 edition.
Review: CRv, v. 8, no. 5, Mar. 1880, pp. 314–315.
Includes copy of the English preface.
B
Chopped dollars. N, v. 36, no. 9, Sep. 1923, p. 412.
A
Chu'an Pu T'ung Chih, see Davis (No. 178).
Chung Hua Min Kuo. Hsun Chun T'u Chung-Hua Min-Kuo. (Chinese Republic. Reproductions of medals of merit.) 1935. 8 pp. 14 col. pls.
Codrington, Oliver. A manual of Musalman numismatics. London, 1904.
On p. 15, "As early as A.H. 660 a coin of Khubilay Kahn was struck at Bukhara with Chinese on one side and Arabic on the other, and there are coins of the time of the Muhammadan rebellion in China in the last century which are in both of these languages."
A
—— see also Villaret, E. de (no. 808).
Coin in China. AJN, v. 8, no. 3, Jan. 1873, pp. 59–60.
A
Coinage. CRv, v. 13, no. 4, Jan. 1885, p. 297.
B T
—— CRv, v. 14, no. 4, Jan. 1886, p. 226.
B NY T
Coining money for ghosts. Chinese Economic Bulletin, v. 9, no. 286, 14 Aug. 1926, pp. 92–93.
NY
Coining processes at Nanking mint. Chinese Economic Bulletin, no. 153, p. 8.
NY
The coins of Siam. CCJ, v. 16, Jan. 1881, pp. 7–11; Feb. 1881, p. 32; Mar. 1881, p. 49, illus.
A
Collection of Chinese coins. AJN, v. 25, no. 1, Jul. 1890, p. 27.
A E
Collector. Characters on Chinese coins. NQ, v. 2, no. 2, Feb. 1868, p. 25.
NY T
Columbia University gets Korean coins. N, v. 47, no. 1, Jan. 1934, p. 39.
Gift of 795 ancient Korean coins from Columbia University Club of Seoul and Columbia University Korean Library Association.
A
Comencini, M. Coins of the modern world, 1870–1936. London, 1937, 185 pp. illus.
China: pp. 51-97; Corea: pp. 138–139; Formosa: pp. 137–138; Japan: pp. 134–137.
A B
Comparette, T. L. Catalogue of coins, tokens, and medals in the numismatic collection of the Mint of the United States at Philadelphia, Pa. Washington, G. P. O., 1914. 694 pp. 15 pls.
Siam: pp. 548–549; China: pp. 550–560, 663; Japan: pp. 561–563; Corea: pp. 563–564; IndoChina: p. 568.
A
Cooke, George R. Explains "shirt money." N, v. 47, no. 5, May 1934, p. 313.
A
Coole, Arthur Braddan. A bibliography on far eastern numismatics and an union index of the currency, charms and amulets of the far east. Peking, 1940, 421 pp.
Reviews: Bowker, CCJ, v. 7, no. 6, Jun. 1940, pp. 176–177; Sowerby, CJ, v. 32, no. 6, Jun. 1940, p. 252; Sowerby, JNChRAS, v. 71, 1940, pp. 100–101.
A AA B E LC
—— Coins in China's history. Tientsin, 1936, 138 pp., illus.; 2d ed. Mar. 1937, 158 pp., illus.
Review: Schlésser, OZ, v. 23, 1937, pp. 119–122.
A AA B LC
Copper coins bought by the ton. N, v. 29, no. 7, Jul. 1916, p. 314.
Transcription from Osaka Mainischi on the importation into Japan of cash from China and Corea.
A
Cordier, Henri (1849–1925). Les sociétés secrétes chinoises. RE, v. 7, 1889, pp. 52–72.
NY
Couling, Samuel (1859–1922). The Encyclopedia Sinica. Shanghai, 1917.
Numismatics: pp. 401–402.
A B
Courant, Maurice Auguste Louis Marie (1865–1935). Note historique sur les diverses espéces de monnaie qui ont été usitées en Corée. JA, ser. 9, v. 2, Sep.–Oct. 1893, pp. 270–289, illus.
Review: CRv, v. 21, no. 5, pp. 355–356, Mar. 1895.
A resumé based on Wen Hsien Pei K'ao, A.D. 1770.
A E NY
Coushnir, I. S. Chinese coins without currency. CJ, v. 17, no. 6, Dec. 1932, pp. 265–269, pls.
Reprint: 1932, 4 pp., pls. (25 copies)
A B
Cowries. N, v. 27, no. 8, Aug. 1914, pp. 423–424, illus.
A
Crane, Louise. China in sign and symbol. A panorama of Chinese life, past and present. Shanghai, 1927, 227 pp., illus.
Chapter 7: Two phases of exchange, pp. 99–112; Chapter 8: The elusive tael, and the "Loohang," pp. 113–118.
B
Creel, Herrlee Glessner. The birth of China. London, 1936, 396 pp., illus. New York, 1937.
On pp. 90–97, pictographs of Shang cowries on inscribed oracle bones.
A Col
Croy, Homer. Funny money in China. MNM, v. 7, no. 8/9, Aug.–Sep. 1916, p. 115.
A
Culin, Stewart (1858–1929). Notes on the collection of Chinese coins belonging to the Museum. The Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial Art, Philadelphia, 1885, pp. 34–40.
A E NY LC T
Currencies of Tibet. American consular report no. 21188.
E
Currency developments in China. NSM, v. 5, no. 11, Nov. 1939, pp. 526–527.
A
Currency in China. N, v. 38, no. 9, Sep. 1925, pp. 456–457.
A
The Currency of Japan. A reprint of articles, letters, and official reports, published at intervals in the foreign newspapers of Japan, together with translations from Japanese journals, relating to the currency, paper and metallic, of the empire of Japan. Yokohama, Japan Gazette, 1882, 331 pp. Preface signed "W. H. T."
A
Currency problems in China. SNC, v. 14, no. 162, May 1906, cols. 9095–9098.
A
D., G. Mottoes on coins. AJN, v. 41, no. 2, Oct. 1906, p. 36.
A
Davidson, James W. The island of Formosa. London, 1903. iii, 646 pp.; appendix, xxviii pp. pls. maps.
Three currencies in use, p. 618; one dollar note of Republic, illus. opposite p. 280; Warrior wearing silver yen as ornaments, opposite p. 576.
NY
Davidson, Robert J. and Mason, Isaac. Life in west China, as described by two residents in the Province of Sz- Chwan. London, 1905, 248 pp. maps, illus.
Chapt. 6 treats in part commercial banking, coinage and postal system.
E T
Davis, Andrew McFarland (1833–1920). Ancient Chinese paper money as described in a Chinese work on numismatics. PA AS, v. 53, no. 7, Jun. 1918, pp. 467–647, illus.
A translation of Ch'uan Pu T'ung Chih by Kojiro Tomita, with notes by Davis.
Review: JNChRAS, v. 50, 1919, pp. 206–207.
A B NY
—— Certain old Chinese notes. PA AS, v. 50, no. 11, Jun. 1915, pp. 246–286, pls.
Reprint: Boston, 1915, with additional pls., preface and index, entitled, "Certain old Chinese notes or Chinese paper money."
A AA B NY T
Davis, John Francis tr. (1795–1890). Description of the coins of the Ta-Tsing, or reigning dynasty of China. JRAS, v. 1, 1827, pp. 257–258. Transactions. From Peking Gazette of 4th year Tao Kuang, 3d month, 20th day.
Reprinted: In German, BMK, 1836, col. 76–78, pl.
E NY
Dazai Jun. Food and wealth, an essay by Dazai Jun, translated by R. J. Kirby. TASJ, v. 35, pt. 2, June 1908, pp. 115–190.
Contains many notes on Japanese coins of the 16th and 17th centuries, especially pp. 157 ff.
A
Deakin, H. Catalogue of a collection of facsimiles of all coins made in Japan during the past eighteen hundred years, forming lot no. 1819 in catalogue of Deakin collection, to be sold as one lot. New York, 1892, 33 pp.
A NY
Decourdemanche, Jean Adolphe (1844–1914). Traité des monnaies, mesures et poids anciens et modernes de 1'Inde et de la China. PIEI, 1913, 172 p.
Review: Allotte de la FuM-^?e, RN, v. 18, 1914, pp. 130–131.
A LC T
De Lagerberg, J. Accounts to be made in silver dollars in Amoy. N, v. 34, no. 9, Sep. 1921, p. 412.
A
—— China's new coinage. MNM, v. 5, no. 6, Jun. 1914, pp. 93–94.
A
—— Mints and coins in China. N, v. 33, no. 9, Sep. 1920, p. 409.
A
Del Mar, Alexander. Monograph on the history of money in China from the earliest times to the present. San Francisco, 1881, 34 pp., pls. 8é
Reprint: AJN, v. 19, no. 4, Apr. 1885, pp. 73–78; v. 20, no. 1, Jul. pp. 1–5; no. 2, Oct. pp. 26–29, pl.
A B E LC T
Deveria, Gabriel. Stele Si-hia de Leang-Tcheou. JA, ser. 9, v. 11, no. 1, Jan.–Feb. 1898, pp. 53–72, pl.
On p. 56, illustration and description of a Tangut coin.
NY
Dickinson, William Binley. On Chinese knife money. NC, n.s., v. 2, 1862, pp. 213–218, illus.
Reprint: London, 1862, 8 pp.
A E
—— Silver coinage of Siam. NC, v. 11, 1849, pp. 40–48, pl.; v. 12, 1850, pp. 89–91.
A
Dobrovolsky, S. The origin of the Shanghai mint. Finance and Commerce, v. 24, 31 Oct. 1934, pp. 481–482.
An historical account.
Dodson, O. H. Chinese attempts to reduce counterfeiting. N, v. 53, no. 12, Dec. 1940, pp. 852–853, illus.
Paper currency of the "Chamber of Commerce of Chefoo Provisional Stabilizing Currency Bill" with inscription in English "NOT PAY TO NIGHT."
A
Donop, G. von. Nepalesische Ménzen. BMK, v. 3, no. 19/20, 1837, cols. 251–253, pls.
A NY
Doolittle, Justus. Social life of the Chinese: with some account of their religious, governmental, educational, and business customs and opinions, with special but not exclusive reference to Fuhchau. New York, 1865, 2 vols. Vol. 1, p. 121; v. 2, pp. 134–163, 307–330.
B T
Dorfman, Ben. Manchurian currencies. As, v. 34, no. 5, May 1934, pp. 304–311, illus.
AA B NY
"Dragon" dollars made into commemorative coins. N, v. 39, no. 7, Jul. 1926, p. 393.
Notes on the gold and silver coins of Yunnan.
A
Droppers, Garret. Silver in Japan. TASJ, v. 23, pp. vi–xxvi.
NY
Drouin, Edmond. (1838–1904). La monnaie bilingue de Minoussinsk. BN, v. 1, livr. 8, March 1892, pp. 133–135, illus.
A
—— Les monnaiesTouraniennes. Remarques sur les monnaies frappées dans les premiers siécles de notre ére par les Princes Touraniens. RN, ser. 3, v. 9, no. 2, 1891, pp. 215–225.
A
—— Monnaies Tangoutaines ou Si-hia. RN, ser. 4, v. 3, 1899, p. 235–240.
A NY
—— Notice sur les monnaies mongoles faisant partie du recueil des documents de l'époque mongole. JA, ser. 9, v. 7, May–Jun. 1896, pp. 486–544.
Reprint: Paris, 63 pp.
A E NY T
—— Notice sur les monnaies Sino-Kharoshthi et sur l'époque probable de leur émission. GNB, v. 4, no. 6, 1 Mar. 1900, pp. 105–112, illus.; no. 7, 1 Apr. pp. 129–134.
A
—— Sur quelques monnaies Turco-Chinoises de VIe, VIIe, et VIIIe siécles. RN, ser. 3, v. 9, no. 4, 1892 pp. 454–473.
A
—— A symbol on Turko-Chinese coins. Babylonian and Oriental Record, v. 6, no. 5, May 1892, pp. 117–119.
A symbol conceived to represent an "altar fire" on bilingual (Uigur-Chinese) coins found in Dzungaria.
NY
Du Bois, W. E., see Eckfeldt, J. R. (no. 218).
Dubs, Homer H. tr. The history of the former Han dynasty, by Pan Ku, v. 1, Baltimore, 1938, 339 pp., map.
On p. 196: statement of Ying Shao regarding the pan liang and 8 shu cash, the latter being first issued in 186 B.C.; p. 199: the 'five fen' cash were put into circulation in 182 B.C.; pp. 276–280: standard weights and measures of Han times, including the weights of "cash."
B Col
—— Wang Mang and his economic reforms. TP, v. 35, no. 4, 1940, pp. 219–265.
B NY
Du Halde, Jean Baptiste (1674–1743). De la monnoye qui en différens tems é eu cours é la Chine. The Hague, 1736. 4v. English ed., London, 1741.
Coinage: v. 2, pp. 196–203 (English ed., pp. 286–95, illus.).
NY
—— The general history of China. London, 1736, 4 v. 8é.
Coinage: v. 2, pp. 286–295.
E
Duncan, Kenneth. History of Chinese currency. WCNL, v. 3, no. 2, 31 Mar. 1917, pp. 5–6.
A E
Dunn, Dwight F. Coins given to the Worcester Art Museum.
Typewritten copies of letters from Mr. Dunn dated 18 Jul. 1859 and 29 May 1860 with 3 photos of collection.
E
Dunn, Robert L. A "cash" transaction in Korea. CW, 4 Jun. 1904, p. 8, illus.
E
Dye, John S. Dye's coin encyclopedia, a complete illustrated history of the coins of the world ... Philadelphia, 1883.
China: pp.566–585, illus.; Japan: pp.968–978, illus.
A NL
Dyson, Verne Ed. Rea's far eastern manual. Shanghai, 1924.
China: Mints, pp. 332–335.
Early Chinese coins. MNM, v. 7, no. 1, Jan. 1916, p. 21
Resumé of Jacob Speicher collection of oriental coins presented to the Haskell Oriental Museum at the University of Chicago.
A
Easton, H. T. Tate's modern cambist: a manual of foreign exchanges and bullion with the monetary systems of the world and foreign weights and measures ...; 25th ed. New York, 1919. 375 pp.
China: pp. 184–199; Japan: pp. 208–213; Siam: pp. 220–223.
A
Eaton, William Colgate. Extract from a private letter. MNM, v. 3, no. 5, May 1910, pp. 76–78, illus.
A
Eckfeldt, Jacob Reese (1803–1872) and DuBois, William Ewing (1810–1881). Manual of gold and silver coins of all nations struck within the past century. Philadelphia, 1842, 242 pp. pls. 4é.
China: pp. 44–45; Japan: p. 74.
Reprint: NY, 1851.
A AA E
Economic history of Chosen. Seoul, 1920, 266 pp. Ch. 2: Currency reform, pp. 43–57.
Economist. Shroffs and bad dollars. NQ, v. 4, no. 3, 20 May 1870, p. 47.
NY T
Edkins, Joseph (1823–1905). Chinese currency. London, 1890, 29 pp.
A B E T
—— Chinese currency. Shanghai, 1901, 151pp.
A variety of information gleaned from various sources; bits of fact from ancient writers are intermingled with statistics of current trade. Valuable because it assembles much material from scattered Chinese sources.
A B
—— The relation of copper and silver in China. JNChRAS, v. 31, no. 2, 1896, pp. 136–146.
NY
Eichhorn, W. éberblick der gesellschaftlichen Lage der nérdlichen Sung-dynastie. S, v. 13, 1938, pp. 3–24.
NY
Einrichtung der Ménze in Peking nach européischer Art. BMB, v. 8, 1887, no. 84, p. 781.
A
Ekvall, Robert B. Coins in the crucible. As, v. 28, no. 11, Nov. 1928, pp. 890–891, illus.
Describes the "cash caravans" bringing obsolete cash to Tao-chow and the melting and fashioning into utensils.
NY
Elder, Thomas L. Collecting in the far east. Numismatic Philistine, v. 1, no. 2, Nov. 1909, pp. 1–5, illus.
A B E
—— The oldest bank notes. EM, v. 1, no. 1, Jan. 1910, p. 19.
A B
Eldridge, C. H., see Fink, C. G. (no. 254).
Endlicher, Stephan. Verzeichniss der chinesischen und japanischen Ménzen des K. K. Ménz- und Antiken-cabinetes in Wien. Vienna, 1837, 114 pp.
Review: BMK, v. 3, no. 15/16, 1837, cols. 161–167, pl.
A E NY
Engel, Arthur. Souvenirs numismatique d'un voyage autour du monde. (1887). Pt. II, Japon, RN, ser. 3, v. 7, 1889, pp. 313–340; Pt. Ill, Chine-Tonkin-Annam; RN, ser. 3, v. 8, 1890, pp. 117–129.
A
Un essai monétaire en laiton. RBN, v. 25, 1869, ser. 5, v. 1, p. 467; pl. XVII, no. 4.
A
Eulampadius, (Father Yevlampiĭ). On Chinese paper money. Russian Ecclesiastic Mission, v. 3, no. 11, 1857.
—— Bericht des Assignaten-Comites. Arbeiten der Kaiserlich Russischen Gesandtschaft zu Peking éber China, Berlin, v. 1, 1858, pp. 47–54.
NY
Evans, William. A coinage of Siam. NSM, v. 6, no. 4, Apr. 1940, pp. 219–224, illus.
A
Ewald, John B. Reforming Chinese currency. N, v. 41, no. 12, Dec. 1928, pp. 753–754.
Reprint of a letter to N. Y. Times, 26 Oct. 1928.
A
An exceedingly rare Chinese dollar in the collection of Mr. Ower of Paterson. CCJ, v. 5, 1880, pp. 8–9, illus.
A
An Ex-soldier. Various types of coins. N, v. 18, no. 6, Jun. 1905, pp. 168–171.
Reprinted from Banker's Magazine, Apr. 1905 (?), "Chinese coins abundant in Pacific Islands."
A
F., F. R. Oriental coinages. CCJ, v. 3, 1878, pp. 75–77.
Faddegon, J. M. Notice sur les cauris. Tijd-schrift van het koninklijk nederlandsch genootschap voor munt-en penningkunde, v. 13, 1905, pp. 45–63.
Exportation of cowries to Siam, pp. 51–52.
A
Fauldner, H. Crozier. "Small money." CJ, v. 32, no. 3, Mar. 1940, pp. 121–124, Pls.
Description of emergency paper currency issued by various Shanghai firms.
A
Favier, Alphonse. Peking; historie et description. Peking, 1897; Lille, 1900, 416 pp.
On pp. 512–513: Les banques.
E T
Ferguson, John Calvin, tr. China's national bank and currency reform. Memorial by Sheng Hsuanhwai. Shanghai, 1909, 24 pp.
T
—— Notes on Chinese banking system in Shanghai. JNChRAS, v. 37, 1906, pp. 55–82.
NY
—— Review of Ku Rung Ch'ing Ch'ien P'u (Coins of the Ch'ing dynasty) by Huang P'eng-hsiao. JNChRAS, v. 69, 1938, pp. 94–96.
Contains newly published data on Ch'ing coins based on the collection in the Old Palace Museum, Peking.
B NY
—— Recent books by a Chinese scholar. JNChRAS, v. 50, 1919, pp. 122–132.
Review of 17 books by Lo Chen-yé, including "Paper money of four dynasties" and "Moulds of ancient objects." The latter is the first book published in Chinese on the subject and includes discussion of moulds for various types of Chinese coins.
B NY
Fernandez, Roy I. Counterfeit Chinese paper money. CJ, v. 29, no. 3, Sep. 1938, pp. 124–130, illus.
Reprint: (25 copies).
B
Ferrand, Gabriel. Les poids, mésures et monnaies des mers du sud aux XVIe et XVIIe siécles. JA, ser. 11, v. 16, Jul.–Dec. 1920, pp. 5–150; pp. 193–311.
Reprint: Paris, 1921, 260 pp.
A NY
Ferrin, Augustin William. Bank clearing in China. As, v. 18, no. 4, Apr. 1918, pp. 328, 332, 337, illus.
B
—— Chinese coins. N, v. 31, no. 3, Mar. 1918, pp. 106–107.
A AA
—— Chinese currency and finance. Washington, D. C. 1919, 57 pp. (Special Agents Series no. 186).
Ferris, George Titus. Shells as money. N, v. 17, no. 11, Nov. 1904, pp. 346–347.
A AA E
Fetter, Frank Whitson. China and the flow of silver. GR, v. 26, no. 1, Jan. 1936, pp. 32–45, illus.
Deals with China's silver money and the effect of the American silver policy upon China.
A B
Finance, currencies and exchange in Shanghai. CJ, v. 16, no. 5, May 1932, pp. 262–267.
NY
Fink, Colin G. and Eldridge, Charles H. The restoration of ancient bronzes and other alloys. New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1925, 53 pp., illus. (Edition of 1,000 copies).
B
Fischer, Emil S. see Tillot, Marcel, no. 788.
Fisher, Willard. The currency of China. YR, v. 5, no. 4, Feb. 1897, pp. 403–427.
A NY
Fonahn, A. Japanische BilderMénzen. Leipzig, 1923, 19 pp., 23 pls.
Reviews: Allan, NC, ser. 5, v. 3, 1923, p. 375; Friedmann, NZ, n.s. 17, v. 57, 1924, p. 142; H. C., Revue suisse de numismatique, v. 23, 1923, p. 449.
A B
Fong, H. D. Bibliography on silver and China. Monthly Bulletin on Economic China, Nankai University, Tientsin, v. 7, no. 12, Dec. 1934, pp. 513–524.
A listing of books, pamphlets, and magazine articles on the economics of Chinese currency.
NY
Fonrobert, Jules. Verzeichniss von Ménzen und Denkménzen der Erdtheile Australien, Asien, Afrika und verschiedener mohammedanischer Dynastien der Jules Fonrobert'schen Sammlung. Berlin, 1878, 400 pp., 48 pls.
A E
Forchheimer, Eduard. Die erste Silberménze Chinas. MNGW, v. 1, 1890, no. 88, p. 432.
A
Forrer, Leonard Steyning. Chinese soviet coinage. SNC, v. 43, no. 12, Dec. 1935, cols. 421–422.
A NY
—— Two communist dollars. SNC, v. 46, no. 5, May 1938, cols. 174–175.
A NY
Forrer, Leonard Steyning, Jr. A Chinese soviet issue. SNC, v. 42, no. 3, Mar. 1934, col. 87.
A NY
Foster, J. Armstrong. New Chinese coins. MNM, v. 4, no. 9/10, Sep. –Oct. 1911, p. 110.
A
France. Administration des monnaies et médailles. Rapports au ministre de finances. (French mint reports.)
Coinage statistics and monetary legislation for China, Japan, Korea, Siam, Indo-China, Hong-Kong, passim.
A
Francke, H. Some notes on Ladakhi currency. IA, v. 30, Oct. 1901, p. 456.
A
Franqui, F., see no. 490.
French trade dollar. AJN, v. 20, no. 4, Apr. 1886, p. 87.
A
Friedmann, Adolph. éber Papiergeld und Kerb-hélzer der Chinesen. NZ, v. 62, 1929, pp. 69–76.
A
Fukuzawa. "The distribution of old coins" tr. by Naibu Kanda. Gaikokugogaku-Zasshi, v. 1, no. 2.
Reprint: Memorials of Naiba Kanda, Tokyo, 1927, pp. 198-201.
Letter by Mr. Fukuzawa to his children, dated 11th year Meiji (1897).
B Col
Funke, M. Essai sur la numismatique chinoise antique. DN, 1913, no. 7.
G., B. Chinese coins. CRv, v. 8, no. 4, Jan. 1880, p. 283.
B T
A porcelain "coin." CRv, v. 8, no. 1, Jul. 1879, p. 66, pl.
See Rogers, no. 677, for further discussion of these pieces.
G., C. L. Die Ménzen der Ta-tsing oder der herr- schenden Dynastie in China. BMK, v. 2, no. 7, 1836, cols. 76-78, pl.
A NY
G., J. H. (Gray, John Henry). Dots and lines on coins. NQ, v. 1, no. 6, Jun. 1867, p. 75.
NY T
—— Hongkong coinage. The Curiosity Hunter, v. 1, no. 11, Nov. 1873, pp. 133-136.
B
—— Kin-Satsz or Japanese paper money. NQ, v. 4, no. 9/10, 9 Nov. 1870, pp. 139-143.
NY T
Gardner, Christopher Thomas. The coinage of Corea. JNChRAS, v. 27, pt. 2, 1892-93, pp. 71-130, illus.
Reprint: 1893, 60 pp., illus.
A B E T
—— The coins of China. JMGS, v. 5, no. 7/9, Jul.–Sep. 1889, pp. 233–254, pls.
Reprint: 1890, 22 pp.
A E NY T
Garside, Henry. Chinese gold coins. N, v. 35, no. 7, Jul. 1922, p. 338.
Reprinted from SNC.
A
Georgievsky, Sergei M. Drevneishia moneti Kitaicliev. (Ancient coins of China.) 1889.
Gerini, G. E. Catalogo dimostrativo della collezione di monete Siamesi offerta per comando di S. M. il Re del Siam a Sua Altezza Reale Vittorio Emanuele di Savoia, Principe di Napoli. RIN, v. 11, 1898, pp. 287–304, 3 pls.
Collection presented to Societé Numismatica Italiana.
A
Gibbs, Howard Dunleath. Round coins of China from the beginning of the Tang dynasty, A. D. 618 to the end of the Ching dynasty, A. D. 1911.
Ms. photostat.
A
Gibson, H. E. The evolution of the Chinese cash. CJ, v. 19, no. 5, Nov. 1933, pp. 231–234, illus.
A B
—— History of Shells (cowries). CJ, v. 32, no. 5, May 1940, p. 226.
Summary of a paper read before the North China Branch, Royal Asiatic Society, Shanghai, 11 April 1940. See no. 284.
A
—— The use of cowries as money during the Shang and Chou periods. JNChRAS, v. 71, 1940, pp. 33–45, pls., illus.
See no. 283.
B
Gift to the Smithsonian Institution. (Collection of Chinese and other Asiatic coins.) AJN, v. 32, no. 1, Jul. 1897, pp. 11–12.
A
Gilbert, Rodney. Money by the ton. As, v. 30, no. 8, Aug. 1930, pp. 541–542, 601–604, illus.
A NY
Gilded Chinese coins. N, v. 6, no. 2, Feb. 1893, p. 19.
A
Gillingham, Harrold Edgar. Notes on the decorations and medals of the French colonies and protectorates. New York, 1928. 62 pp. pls. (Numismatic Notes and Monographs no. 36.)
French Indo-China: pp. 37–38; Annam: pp. 39–51; Cambodia: pp. 52–55; Laos: pp. 56–57.
A
Gillis, Irvin Van Gorder (1875– ). A Chinese "coin" identified as an Egyptian charm. CJ, v. 12, no. 2, Feb. 1930, pp. 87–88, pl.
See Patterson, no. 552 and Sowerby, no. 761.
B NY
Glathe, Harry. The origin and development of Chinese money. CJ, v. 30, no. 2, Feb. 1939, pp. 97–107; no. 3, Mar. pp. 158–167; no. 4, Apr. pp. 210–218; no. 5, May pp. 278–288; no. 6, Jun. pp. 355–360, pls. illus.
Reprint: Shanghai, 1939, 48 pp. illus., pls.
Review: Bowker, CCJ, v. 7, no. 7, Jul. 1940, pp. 212–213.
A B NY
Glover, G. B., see nos. 441 and 464.
Goodrich, Luther Carrington (1894– ). Early new world influences on China. China, v. 12, no. 4, Nov. 1936, pp. 6–7, 14.
Information on the introduction of Mexican dollars.
NY
Goud in baren. China, v. 2, 1927, pp. 249–251.
NY
Gouw, J. E. ter. Monnaies chinoises. GNB, v. 10, no. 7, Apr. 1906, pp. 131–132.
A
Gowland, William (1842–1922). Japanese metallurgy. Part 1, Gold and silver and their alloys. Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry, London, 30 Jun. 1896.
Describes methods used in old native mints, with illustrations from Japanese books.
Reprint: with additions by the author, 1896, 16 pp. illus.
BM
—— Metals and metal-working in old Japan. TJSL, 1915, pp. 20–99.
Contains most of information regarding gold and silver coinage found in no. 294.
A
Die grosse chinesische Ménzreform. BMF, Jhg. 45, Oct. 1910, Beilage zu nr. 10.
A
Haas, Joseph (1847–1896). Catalogue of collection of coins made by the late Captain C. Longueville of His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of China's Customs. Hongkong, 1892, 57 pp., 4é.
A B NY
—— Siamese coinage. JNChRAS, v. 14, art. 3, 1879, pp. 35–64, illus.
Reprint: Shanghai, 1880, 80 p., illus.
Review: A. Weyl, BMB, v. 2, no. 8, Apr. 1881, col. 155.
A B E NY
—— Ueber siamesische Ménzen. NZ, v. 12, art. 20, 1880, pp. 458–480, illus.
Reprint: 1880, 23 pp., illus.
A E
Hackman, Heinrich Frederick. Chinese coins. East of Asia, v. 1, pt. 2, 1902, pp. 144–154, illus.
Also published in German under title "Zur Chinesische Ménzgeschichte" in Der Feme Osten, v. 1, 1902, pp. 158–168, illus.
A B E NY
Haga, Tatsuo. Money issued by the Aizu clan. (In Japanese.) Rekishi Chiri, Mar.–Apr. 1934.
Hager, Joseph. Description des médailles chinoises du Cabinet Impérial de France, précédée d'uti essai de numismatique chinoise, avec des éclaircissemens sur le commerce des Grecs avec la Chine. Paris, 1805, 188 pp., illus., map. 4é.
Reviews: de Sacy, Magasin encyclopédique, 1805, pp. 271–324. Lanjuinais, extrait du Moniteur, p. 15.
A B E LC NY T
Haggard, W. D. Forgeries of Spanish dollars. NJ, v. 2, Apr. 1838, pp. 257–258.
A
Haguenauer, C. La collection de monnaies et de médailles Japonaises de l'institut d'études Japonaises de l'université de Paris. Annales de l'université de Paris, Sep.–Oct. 1937.
Reprint: 19 pp., pls.
A B
Haines, Howard W. World's first symbol coins. Burroughs Clearing House, v. 14, no. 11, Aug. 1930, pp. 17–19, illus.
A
Halevy, Joseph. Nouvelles considerations sur le cycle turc des animaux. TP, ser. 2, v. 7, no. 2, May 1906, pp. 270–295.
See Chavannes, no. 122.
Hamada, Kosaku. The shell money of the ancient period in China. (In Japanese.) Toyo Gakuho, Magazine of the Oriental Society, Tokyo, v. 2, no. 2, May 1912, pp. 264–273.
B
—— A supplement to the study relative to the shell money of China. (In Japanese.) Toyo Gakuho, Magazine of the Oriental Society, Tokyo, v. 2, no. 3, Oct. 1912, pp. 429–431.
Hans, J. Geld und Gold in Asien. Foreword by Dr. Gerard Vissering. Wien, 1930. 148 pp.
Review by F. Otte in Sinica, v. 7 (1932), p. 124. NY
Harlez, Charles Joseph de (1832–1899). Trois monnaies é caractéres inconnus. TP, v. 10, no. 1, Mar. 1899, pp. 68–72, pl.
NY
H(eath, George Francis) (1850–1907). Chinese cash. N, v. 1, no. 2, Nov.–Dec. 1888, p. 5.
Quotes remarks on the currency from Le Compte's "Journey through China." London, 1698.
A
—— The earliest coin. N, v. 4, no. 1, Jan. 1892, p. 5, illus.
Illustration of "merchandise money of T'ai Hao," 2853 B. C.
A
—— The last Ming dynasty of China. N, v. 16, no. 6, Jun. 1903, pp. 165–168, illus.
A E
—— Oriental types of coins, no. 3, China. N, v. 3, no. 1, Jan. 1891, pp. 27–28, illus.
A
— The Sung dynasty of China. N, v. 16, no. 10, Oct. 1903, pp. 304–309, illus.
A E
—— The trade dollar's autobiography. N, v. 3, no. 23/24, Dec. 1891, pp. 101–102.
A
Heaton, Ralph, and Sons. The Mint, Birmingham (England). (Volume of testimonials from customers, accompanied by plates illustrating coins and medals executed by the firm). 66 pp. 24 pls. c. 1895.
Hong Kong: Pl. IV; Japan: Pls. XIV, XV; Siam: Pl. X.
A
Hedin, Sven Anders. Central Asia and Tibet. New York, 1903, 2 v.
Vol. 1, p. 40, "tengeh, money." Vol. 2, p. 433, "tso."
—— The flight of Big Horse. New York, 1936.
On pp. 182 and 238, Illustrations of 5 liang notes issued by Sheng Shihtsai and Ma Chungyin.
B
Heinsberger, Ph. Japanese money matters. (1768–1889). N, v. 13, no. 6, May 1900, pp. 157–159
A
Hergensis, tr. Chinese currency and revenue, being a memorial from Chu-tsun to His Majesty, together with a report thereon from the Board of Revenue. Translated from the Peking Gazette, no. 15, 26th year Tao Kuang 2d month 18th day (13 Feb. 1846).
Memorial regarding the currency and revenue by Ngoh Shunngan as the subject was brought under his notice by order of the Board of Revenue. (Honan) Translated from the Peking Gazette, no. 38, 26th year Tao Kuang 4th month 5th day (18 May 1846). CRp, v. 16, no. 6, Jun. 1847, pp. 273–297.
NY T
Hess-Wartegg, Ernst von. Schantung un Deutsch-China. Von Kiatschou ins heilige Land von China und vom Jangtsekiang im Jahre, 1898. Leipzig, 1898, 294 pp., illus. pls., 8é.
Illustrations of coins and a banknote, pp. 270–272.
E T
Higgins, Frank Carlos (1867–1928). The Chinese numismatic riddle. New York, 1910, 34 pp., illus.
A B E LC T
—— The Kwan Kung medal. EM, v. 1, no. 10, Oct. 1910, pp. 18–20, illus.
A B
—— Numismatic elements. 5. Sword and knife shaped coins. N, v. 24, no. 5, May 1911, p. 154.
A
Hijikata, Shegeyoshi. The battle of currencies in China. Contemporary Japan, v. 8, no. 8, Oct. 1939, pp. 962–973.
NY
Hillier, Charles Batten ( –1856). Chinese coinage. A brief notice of the Chinese work Ch'ien Chih Hsin Pien (Chronicles of Ts'ien); a new arrangement and a key to its 329 wood-cuts of the coins of China and neighbouring nations. T ChRAS, pt. 2, 1848–50, pp. 1–162, illus.
Reprint: Doolittle, Vocabulary and handbook of the Chinese language, v. 2, pp. 603–615.
A B NY T
—— Chinese copper coinage. Notes on the tsien, or copper cash of the Chinese; extracted from a native publication, the Ta-tsing Hwuy-tien, TChRAS, 1847, pp. 40–43.
A B NY T
Himly, K. Eine Ménze von der malaiischen Halbinsel. ZD MG, v. 32, 1878, pp. 399–400, pl.
NY
Hino, Kaisaburo. Policy of the limitation of iron or copper currency to specific districts under the Northern Sung dynasty. (In Japanese.) Toyo Gakuho, Magazine of the Oriental Society, v. 34, Nov. 1936, pp. 100–134; Feb. 1937, pp. 260–296.
Hirose, Tsuguo. Nickel coinage in Japan. Far Eastern Review, 32 (May 1936), pp. 233–235, illus.
Hoang, Pierre (1830-1909). Notions techniques sur la propriété en chine avec un choix d'actes de documents officiels. (Variétés sinologiques No. 11) Shanghai, 1897.
On pp. 43–46: Des différents taux ou valeurs de l'argent; pp. 47–48; Réduction du poids réel de l'argent é l'unite Koei-yn; pp. 49–50: Réduction de l'unite Koei-yn au poids reel; p. 65: Inscriptions du taux et du poids des lingots; pp. 66–72: Inscriptions de réduction de valeur employées a Sou-tcheou; pp. 73–75: Inscriptions d'augmentation de valeur employées sur les concessions Européennes a Chang-hai: pp. 76–79: Inscriptions d'augmentation de valeur employées dans la ville Chinoise de Chang-hai.
A B E
Hobson-Jobson, see no. 907.
Hocking, William John. Catalogue of the coins, tokens, medals, dies, and seals in the Museum of the Royal Mint. 2v. London, 1906–1910.
Vol. I. Supplement (B): Coins of the Far East, comprising those of China, Annam, Corea, and Japan, pp. 397–412; Hong Kong: pp. 261–269. Vol. 2. Dies for Hong Kong coins and patterns: pp. 99–105.
A
Hoemle, Augustus Frederic Rudolph. IndoChinese coins in the British Collection of Central Asian antiquities. I A, v. 28, 1899, pp. 46–56.
A
—— A report on the British collection of antiquities from Central Asia. Part 1. Calcutta, 1899. (Extra-number of the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal for 1899.)
Coins and seals, pp. 1–44; Chinese coins, pp. 16–21, pls.
E T
Hooper, Joseph (1833–1919). Finger-nail marks on coins. N, v. 7, no. 12, Dec. 1894, p. 276.
A E
Holt, Henry F. W. On a collection of Chinese coins. NC, n.s., v. 6, 1866, pp. 68–90, illus.
Reprint: 33 pp. illus.
A E NY T
Hopkins, Lionel Charles. The origin and earlier history of the Chinese coinage. JR AS, v. 27, Apr. 1895, art. 9, pp. 317–378.
Reprint.
Review: Drouin, BN, 1895, ser. 3, v. 13, pp. 577–578.
A E NY T
Hou, Shut'ung. Japanese bank-notes in Manchuria. (Yenching Political Science Series, No. 13) Peiping, 1931, 28 pp.
B
Houo, Paul Mingtse. Preuves des antiquités de Chine. Peking, 1930, 676 pp., illus.
Coin and paper money, pp. 5, 6, 39–70.
Distributed with auction sale catalogue of J. C. Morgenthau, May 12, 1932 (C34).
B
—— Selections from Proofs of Antiquity of Objects of Ancient Chinese Art. New York, 1932, 15 pp.
Metal and paper currency in China, pp. 11–15.
A B
Huang P'enghsiao, see Ferguson, J. C. (no. 244).
Hulbert, Homer B. A Korean mint. Korean Review, Seoul, v. 5, no. 3, Mar. 1905, pp. 87–97, illus.
B E NY
Hunter, Dard. Chinese ceremonial paper. A monograph relating to the fabrication of paper and tin foil and the use of paper in Chinese rites and religious ceremonies. Chillicothe, Ohio, 1937, 79 pp.
Fifty specimens of ceremonial paper, including false bank notes.
Review: E. Adler, N. Y. Times Book Review, 24 Jul., 1938, p. 11.
NY
Husker, George W. The American trade dollar. CCJ, v. 8, no. 5, May 1941, pp. 74–75, illus.
A B
—— The British dollar. C CJ, v. 8, no. 7, Jul. 1941, pp. 108–109, illus.
A B
—— Dollars in the trade of the far east. CCJ, v. 8, no. 3, Mar. 1941, pp. 44–45, illus.
A B
—— The French piastre de commerce. C CJ, v. 8, no. 6, Jun. 1941, pp. 82–83, illus.
A B
—— The Japanese silver yen. CCJ, v. 8, no. 4, Apr. 1941, pp. 57–59, illus.
A B
Huttman, William. On the copper and paper money of China. Colonial Magazine, v. 2, no. 9, 1843, pp. 409–417.
E T
Ichihara, M. Coinage of old Korea. TKRAS, v. 4, pt. 2, 1913, pp. 45–74, illus.
Reprinted: NPJJ, v. 3, no. 1, pp. 8–14; no. 2, pp. 47–50; no. 3, pp. 87–90; no. 4, pp. 133–136; no. 5, pp. 171–176; no. 6, pp. 212–214, illus.
Review: Ramsden, NPJJ, v. 2, no. 6, Dec. 1913, pp. 210–212.
A B E
Imlay, and Bicknell. The coins of the world. Philadelphia, 1859. 55 pp. illus.
Coins of Japan: pp. 54–55.
A
Introduction of paper money. CRv, v. 11, no. 3, Nov. 1882, p. 200.
Paper money under the name kuan tsu.
B T
Iron dollars in Manchuria. N, v. 17, no. 4, Apr. 1904, pp.113–114.
A
Itami, Saichiro, tr. see Tsukamoto, Toyojiro (no. 802).
Ives, Mabel Lorenz. Razor money. N, v. 53, no. 8, Aug. 1940, pp. 563–566, illus.
A
Jackson, John Wilfrid. The use of cowry-shells for purposes of currency, amulets, and charms. Manchester Memoirs, v. 60, pt. 3, no. 13 (1915–1916), pp. 1–72. (Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society.)
Reprint: Chapter 4 of "Shells as evidence of the migrations of early culture." No. CXII, Publications of the University of Manchester, 1917. With new plates and additional information.
NY
James, Henry Evan Murchison. The Long White Mountain. London, 1888, 502 pp., 8é.
Money exchanges in Manchuria, pp. 16–20: Sycee silver, pp. 220–221.
E T
Jamieson, G. The silver question in China. Report on the consumption of silver in China, shown by the balance of trade between China and foreign countries, and the effects of the fall in silver on prices of commodities in China and on volume of exports. Shanghai "Mercury" Office, Shanghai, 13 pp.
T
Jamieson, R. Alexander. Note on the coinage of the Tai Ping or Great Peace dynasty. NC, n.s., v. 6, 1866, pp. 66–67.
A NY
Janvier, H. A., see Smith, O. (no. 751).
Japan. Imperial Mint. Osaka, see no. 543.
Japan. Ministry of Finance. Dai Ni Hon Ka Hei Shi (Monetary history of Japan), Tokyo, 1925; 2nd ed. 1936. 8v. pls.
Japanese commemoration medals. NASP, 1922, pp. 34–36.
A
The Japanese Fundo. N, v. 25, no. 2, Feb. 1912, p. 63, illus.
A
Japanese Hansatsu or paper money. N, v. 24, no. 2, Feb. 1911, pp. 54–55, illus.
A
Japanische Ménzen. BMF, Jhg. 10, 1874, no. 38, pp. 281–282; pls. 32, fig. 12; pl. 37, figs. 4–7; Jhg. 11, 1875, no. 44, p. 340; pl. 41, fig. 6; pl. 37, fig. 4; Jhg. 12, 1876, no. 50, p. 390; pl. 44, fig. 13; Jhg. 12, 1876, no. 52, p. 408; pls. 37 and 45; Jhg. 12, 1876, no. 55, p. 434.
A
Japanische medaille. MCMFW, v. 5, 1894, p. 486, illus.
A
Japan's Crown Prince's Wedding Medal. N, v. 37, 1924, pp. 420; 496, illus.
Reprint: NASP, v. 30, Nov. 17, 1924, pp. 67–68, illus.
A
Jefferds, E. R. No gold in China. N, v. 9, no. 7, Jul. 1896, p. 150.
A
Jenks, Jeremiah W. Considerations on a new monetary system for China. Ithaca, N. Y., 1904, 87 pp.
B
Jeraigan, Thomas R. Banking, currency and land tenure in the Chinese Empire. In William Dodsworth's History of Banking in all Leading Nations, New York, 1896.
Johnson, Nelson T. Coinage in Hunan province, China. N, v. 32, no. 8, Aug. 1919, p. 329.
A AA
Joss money makers in Nanchang. Chinese Economic Bulletin, v. 8, no. 272, 8 May 1926, p. 254.
NY
Joss paper industry of Foochow. Chinese Economic Bulletin, v. 11, no. 351, 12 Nov. 1927, pp. 252–254.
NY
K. Dots on cash. NQ, v. 1, no. 5, 31 May 1867, p. 61, illus.
NY T
Kahane, S. B. Das Ménzbild auf chinesischen Ménzen. DN, v. 1, no. 1902, p.
Kainz, Carl. Die éltesten chinesischen Staats- ménzen. BMB, v. 14, no. 152, Apr. 1893, col. 1439–1447; no. 153, May, col. 1455–1465, illus.
Reprint: Berlin, 1895, 36 pp., illus.
Reviews: Ernst, NZ, v. 25, 1893, pp. 515–516; Renner, Monatsblatt der Num. Gesellschaft in Wien, 1894, no. 28, p. 32.
A E NY
—— Eine Kupferménze aus der Zeit des Kaisers Sin-nung. (2737–2697 vor Christo.). BMB, v. 16, no. 184, Dec. 1895, cols. 1974–1976, illus.
A
—— Die Ménzen der spéteren oder éstlichen Han-Dynasties. BMBt v. 17, no. 187, Mar. 1896, cols. 2003–2006, illus.
A
—— Ostasiatische Porzellanménzen. BMB, v. 16, no. 177, May 1895, cols. 1850–1854; no. 178, Jun., cols. 1857–1870; no. 179, Jul., cols. 1880–1883; no. 180, Aug., cols. 1892–1895, illus.
A
—— Die sogenannten Chinesischen Tempelménzen. BMB, v. 15, no. 163, Mar. 1894, cols. 1624–1630; no. 164, Apr., cols. 1635–1638; no. 165, May cols. 1654–1659; no. 166, Jun., cols. 1675–1678; no. 167, Jul., cols. 1689–1690; no. 168, Aug., cols. 1707–1710; no. 170, Oct. cols. 1741–1742; no. 171, Nov., cols. 1757–1758; no. 172, Dec., cols. 1771–1772; no. 173, Jan. 1895, cols. 1780–1784; no. 174, Feb., cols. 1793–1796; no. 175, Mar., cols. 1816–1818; no. 176, Apr., cols. 1834–1836, illus.
Reprint: Berlin, 1895, 72 pp., illus.
A B E T
—— see also Osterreicher, C., no. 544.
Kann, Eduard. A brief history of silver. CJ, v. 20, no. 6, Jun. 1934, pp. 325–335.
Reprint: Shanghai, 1934, (25).
NY
—— Chinese numismatics. CCJ, v. 8, no. 1, Jan. 1941, pp. 2–4.
A B
—— Copper notes in China. Finance and Commerce, 28, Nov.–Dec. 1936, pp. 584–587, 612–614, 640–642.
Reprinted under title "Copper Banknotes in China" as Chinese Economic Journal Booklet no. 8.
Col
—— The currencies of China. An investigation of silver and gold transactions affecting China, with a section on copper. Shanghai, 1926, 540 pp., illus.; enlarged and revised ed., 1927, 562 pp., illus.
Reviews: R. D. Abraham, JNChRAS, v. 58, 1927, pp. 228–9; F. Otto, Sinica, v. 7, 1932, pp. 213–214.
A B
—— Early Chinese silver coinage. ASJ, v. 1, no. 7, pp. 193–195, illus.
Reprint: Bulletin of the Numismatic Society of China, No. 6, 8 pp., illus.
A B
—— The fascination of Chinese numismatics. ASJ, v. 1, no. 3, Aug. 1939, pp. 72–73.
A B
—— Gold in China and its historical, practical and financial aspects. JNChRAS, v. 60, 1929, pp. 84–100.
Standards; valued in terms of taels by Chinese maritime customs; shapes in which gold is used in China; gold as currency in China; gold bars.
AGS
—— The history of minting in China. CJ, v. 30, no. 5, May 1939, pp. 289–298; no. 6, Jun. pp. 361–366; v. 31, no. 1, Jul. pp. 31–38; no. 2, Aug. pp. 81–90; no. 3, Sep. pp. 121–133; no. 4, Oct. pp. 167–172, illus.
Reprinted with modifications and illustrations from Central Bank of China Bulletin, Dec. 1938, Mar. 1939.
Reprint: Bulletin of the Numismatic Society of China, No. 5, 53 pp., illus.
A B
—— The mystery of the Hongkong dollar. Chinese Economic Journal, v. 6, 1930, pp. 9–32.
Historical background and discussion of the current Hongkong currency.
Reprint: China Bureau of Foreign Trade, Chinese Economic Journal Booklet No. 12.
Col
—— Paper money in China. Finance and Commerce, 28, Jul.–Aug. 1936, pp. 122–124, 148–151, 179–180, 206–208, 234–235.
Reprinted under title "Paper Money in China and elsewhere" as Chinese Economic Journal Booklet No. 7.
Col
—— Paper money in China. Central Bank of China Bulletin, 1937.
Review: Sowerby, JNChRAS, v. 70, 1939, p. 69. NCh
—— Silver in China. CJ, v. 20, no. 5, May 1934, pp. 254–259.
Reprint: Shanghai, 1934 (25).
NY
—— The silver problem in its international aspects. China, v. 6, 1931, pp. 213–227.
"Silver as money in ancient times," pp. 214–215.
Table showing original fineness of silver coins, as well as reduced fineness (includes Indo-China, Java): pp. 222-223.
Reprinted from Economic Journal, v. 7, no. 6.
NY
—— What is a Shanghai taelé Chinese Economic Journal, v. 1, Aug. 1927, pp. 769–772.
First published in a letter to the North China Daily News. A computation of the exact fine-silver equivalent of the Shanghai tael.
Kanno, W. The bills of the Tokugawa period. Journal of the Osaka University of Commerce, Dec. 1935.
Kao, Y. L. The chemical analysis of some old Chinese coins. JWCBRS, 7, 1935.
Katanov, N. F. Numizmatičeskij Kabinet Obšč. archeologii istorii i etnografii. Izvestia Obshchestvo arkheologii istorii i etnografii, Kazan, v. 24, pp. 293 ff.
On the numismatic collection of the Archaeological Society at University of Kazan.
Keefer, Don C. Chinese sycees. N, v. 52, no. 8, Aug. 1939, pp. 625–626.
A B
—— Chinese women in numismatics. C C CB, v. 5, no. 1, Mar. 1940, pp. 6–7.
A B
—— The U. S. trade dollar in China. Chicago Coin Club Annual Bulletin, v. 8, 1943. pp. 21–23, illus.
A
Kelsey, Howard. Queer kinds of money. N, v. 20, no. 9, Sep. 1907, pp. 255–258, illus.
A
Kemmerer, Edwin W. Project of law for the gradual introduction of a gold-standard currency system in China, together with a report in support thereof. Shanghai, 1929, 182 pp., tables, maps, 8é.
B
Kennedy, J. The early commerce of Babylon with India—700–300 B. C. JRAS, 1898, art. 16, pp. 241–288.
Chinese coinage introduced, p. 265.
NY
Kimura, Utaro. Old Corean coins in circulation. Kokogaku Zasshi (Archeological Journal) v. 4, no. 11, Jul. 1914 (In Japanese).
A
—— Ancient Chinese coins at the World's Fair. N, v. 6, no. 9, Sep. 1893, pp. 134–135.
A
Kingman, Henry. A brief bibliography of Chinese coins. N, v. 8, no. 7, Jul. 1895, pp. 161–163.
A E
—— Is it a Wang Mang? N, v. 6, no. 2, Feb. 1893, pp. 18–19.
A
—— Sacred cash of the Emperor Kang Hsi. N, v. 7, no. 1, Jan. 1894, p. 13, illus.
A E
Kingsmill, T. W. A note on the currency of western and central Shantung. JNChRAS, v. 26, 1891–2, pp. 126–127.
AGS
Kirby, R. J., tr., see Dazai, Jun (no. 181).
Kirkwood, James. Appendix to Wylie's "Coins of the Ta-Ch'ing Dynasty," "Hien Fung" period. CRv, v. 7, no. 4, Jan. 1880, pp. 255–269, illus.
A NY
—— Coins of the "Ta-Ts'ing" dynasty. CRv, v. 7, no. 3, Nov. 1879, pp. 162–167, illus.
Supplementary note correcting errors CRvt v. 7, no. 4, Jan. 1880, p. 284.
—— Collection of Chinese, Japanese and Korean coins in the West End Park Museum, Glasgow, Scotland. N, v. 12, no. 3, Mar. 1899, p. 73.
A E
Klaproth, Henri Jules (1783–1835). Fookoua Siriak, ou Traité sur l'origine des richesses de Japon, écrit en 1708 par Arraé Tsikougo no Kami Sama, autrement nommé Fak sik sen see, instituteur du daéri Tsuna Ioosi et de Yeye mio tsou; traduit de l'original japonais-chinois, et accompagnet de notes par M. Klaproth. JA, ser. 2, v. 2, 1828, pp. 3–25.
This work has a section "De la fabrication des monnaies d'or et d'argent."
NY
—— Notice sur l'usage des cauries en Chine. JA, ser. 2, v. 13, Feb. 1834, pp. 146–155.
NY
—— Origin of paper money. London, 1823, 23 pp.
Reprint: Hunt's Magazine Oct. 1842, pp. 354–357.
A NY T
—— Sur l'origine du papier-monnaie. JA, ser. 2, v. 1, Nov. 1822, pp. 257–267.
Reprint: Paris, 1822, 15 pp.
A translation into English with an introductory note by John Pickering, Journal of the American Oriental Society, v. 1, 1842–48, pp. 136–142.
A NY
—— Sur l'origine de papier-monnaie. In Memoires relatifs de Chine, pp. 375–388, Paris, 1824.
Kneedler, W. Harding. The bar coins of the Mekong River Valley, by Dr. S. P. Martini. C CJ, v. 3, no. 12, Mar. 1937, pp. 262–263, illus.
A
—— The Chieng or "Pack-Saddle" coins of Lannatai, by Dr. S. P. Martini. CCJ, v. 3, no. 10, Jan. 1937, pp. 217–219, illus.
A
—— The coins of North Siam. JSS, v. 29, pt. 1, Aug. 1936. 11 pp. map. 14 pls.
Reprint.
A
—— The shell coins of North Siam, by Dr. S. P. Martini. CCJ, v. 3, no. 11, Feb. 1937, pp. 243–245, illus.
A
Koehler, Johann David. Wochentlich herausgegebener historischer Ménz-Belustigung. Teil 1–22. Register, Bd. 1-2. Nérnberg, 1733–88.
Vol. 3: Japan, pp. 13, 14, 120; vol. 10: China, pp. 249–254.
A
Koga, Yoshimasa. The Japanese peace medal. N, v. 33, no. 9, Sept. 1920, p. 475, illus.
A
—— Notes on Korean mints and coinages. NPJ, v. 4, no. 3, Sep. 1914, pp. 81–84; no. 4/6, Oct.–Dec. pp. 138–147, illus.
Japanese text, pp. 118–120, 235–240.
A B E T
—— Notes on numismatic collections in Osaka. NPJJ, v. 1, no. 6, Jun. 1913, pp. 205–207; v. 2, no. 1, Jul. pp. 4–7, illus.; no. 3, Sep. pp. 88–92.
A B E T
—— The proceedings of the International Congress of Numismatics and Contemporary Art of the Medal, held at Bruxelles, Belgium, 1910. Kokogaku Zasshi (Archeological Journal), v. 2, no. 1, Sep. 1911; no. 3, Nov.
A
—— see also Yamaga Yoshinori (no. 902).
Koga, Yoshimasa and Yamagata, Osamu. On the fineness of the one yen silver coin. Journal of College of Science, Tokyo, v. 3, pt. 4, 1890, pp. 289–311.
Kohler, R., see Scott, J. W. (no. 730).
Komatsubara, K. History of nickel coinage in Japan. The Japan Nickel Review.
Reprint: In "Nickel Coinage of Japan," pp. 7–14, illus. In English and Japanese.
B
Koros, Csoma de. Notice of amulets in use by the Trans-Himalayan Boodhists. A SB 1840, pp. 904–907, 3 pls.
A
Kotvich, V. Obrazny assignacij Juanskoj dinastii v. Kitae. Izvestia Imp. russkoye geograficheskoye obshchestvo, v. 45, 1909, pp. 474–477.
A find of paper money at excavations in Chara-choto.
NY
Kung, H. H. and Soong, T. V. Summary of the government decree of November 3, 1936. China Quarterly, 1, Dec. 1935, pp. 139–142.
Deals with the issue of bank notes by the three government banks.
Kuo, S. C. Paper money. (Economic Studies, 11, Tientsin, Hautes études) 1928, 81 pp. (mimeographed).
Kussaka, Johannes Tsiosiro. Das Japanische Geldwesen. Geschichtlich und kritisch dargestellt. Berlin, 1890, 100 pp.
E
Lacouperie, Albert Etienne Jean Baptiste Terrien de (1845–1894). Catalogue of Chinese coins from the VIIth cent. B.C. to A.D. 621, including the series in the British Museum. London, 1892, 443 pp., illus. 4é.
Review: Drouin, BM, 1893, ser. 3, v. 11, pp. 425–431. Schlegel, Babylonian and Oriental Record, v. 6, no. 12, Jun. 1893, pp. 287–288.
A B E LC T
—— Une monnaie Bactro-Chinoise bilingue du premier siécle avant notre ére. Comptes Rendus des séances de l'académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, ser. 4, v. 17, pp. 338–349, illus.
Reprint: Paris, 1890, 14 pp., illus.
A E NY T
—— The old numerals, the counting-rods and the swan-pan in China. NC, ser. 3, v. 3, no. 12, 1883, pp. 297–340.
Reprint: London, 1883, 44 pp.
A B NY T
—— On barter and the shell money of ancient China.
Referred to in the introduction to no. 429, but no trace of its publication has been found.
—— On the metallic cowries of ancient China. JRAS, n.s., v. 20, 1888, pt. 3, art. 12, pp. 428–439.
Reprint.
E NY T
—— Paper money of the ninth century and supposed leather coinage of China. N C, ser. 3, v. 2, 1882, pp. 334–341, illus.
Reprint: 1882, 8 pp.
A B T
—— The silver coinage of Tibet. NC, ser. 3, v. 1, 1881, pp. 340–353, pl.
Reprint: London, 1882, 16 pp., pl. SNC, v. 3, no. 27, Feb. 1895, cols. 1052–1056.
A B T
—— Western origin of the early Chinese civilization from 2,300 B.C. to 20 A.D. London, 1894.
Coinage: p. 36; pp. 89, 103; pp. 118–132; pp. 156–175; pp. 214–236; pp. 385–386, 394.
NY
—— see also Lane-Poole (no. 440).
Lacroix, Desire. Numismatique Annamite. Saigon, 1900, 2 vols. Publications de l' école Franéaise d'Extréme-orient. v. 1, 651 pp. text; v. 2, 41 pls.
Review with corrections and additions by Ed. Chavannes, Nouvelles et Mélanges, Mars–Avril 1901, pp. 361–362; S. W. Bushell, JRAS, v. 33, 1901, pp. 142–146.
A E NY
—— Le papier-monnaie en France et en Chine. Paris, 1866, 38 pp.
Lamare. La nouvelle loi montéaire du Japon. BN, v. 4, 1897, pp. 89–91.
A
Lane-Poole, Stanley, ed. Coins and medals, their place in history and art. London, 1885, 286 pp. illus. Reprinted as 2nd ed., 1892; 3rd ed., 1894.
Chapter 9: Coins of China and Japan, by Terrien de la Couperie, pp. 190–225.
A
—— The coins of the Mongols in the British Museum, classes XVIII–XXII, London, 1881 (v. 6 of Catalogue of Oriental coins in the British Museum pp. xlix–lii).
On the inscriptions in the Bachspa script on the coins of Kublai Khan.
A
Langley, Samuel Pierpont. Glover collection. Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution to July 1897. Washington, 1898, p. 15.
Notice of accession of collection of 2,025 specimens of Chinese, Annamese, Siamese, Japanese and Korean coins, made by George B. Glover. See also no. 464.
B NY LC
Latest coins of Thailand. N, v. 55, no. 3, Mar. 1942, p. 201, illus.
A
Laufer, Berthold (1874–1934). Jade, A study in Chinese archeology and religion. Chicago, 1912. (Field Museum of Natural History publication 154, Anthropological series, v. 10.)
Ch. 6, Jade coins and seals, pp. 190–193, pl.
Describes a jade knife attributed to Wang Mang with inscription "ta ts'éan wu shih" (great money, fifty). Illustration is reprinted in Mueller, no. 506.
A T
—— Necrology, Frank Herring Chalfant, 29 May 1862–14 Jan. 1914. TP, ser. 2, v. 15, 1914, pp. 165–6.
Chalfant collection of 690 Chinese coins acquired by Field Museum, Chicago.
NY
—— The relations of the Chinese to the Philippine Islands. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, v. 50, Sep. 1907, pp. 248–284.
On p. 257: "A special section in the 'Ming shih' is devoted to the Malayan tribe of the P'ing-ka-shi-lan, which I identify with the Pangasinan, who inhabit the western and southern shores of the bay of Lingayan, or Luzon. According to the Chinese records as preserved in the 'Ming shih' (ch. 323, p. 20) they seem to have formed a small realm of their own in the beginning of the 15th century. Their first embassy to China mentioned was despatched in 1406 to the court of the Emperor Yung Lo, whom they presented with excellent horses, silver, and other objects. In return they received paper money (ch'ao) and silks.
NY
Laughlin, J. Lawrence. A new exposition of money, credit and prices. 2v. Chicago, 1931.
Chapter 11: Metallic money in China, v. 1, pp. 273–299. Chapter 12: Metallic money in Japan, v. 1, pp.300–313.
A
Lauture, le comte d'Escayrac de. Mémoires sur la Chine. Paris, 1865, 5 v. 4é.
Vol. 2, pp. 101–107: Monnaies anciennes. Illus.
B E T
Leavens, Dickson H. Silver money. Bloomington, Ind., 1939, 439 pp., illus. (Cowles Commission for Research in Economics, Monograph No. 4.)
Ch. 11: Silver and China. Ch. 12: Business in China under the silver standard.
Review: Sowerby, JNChRAS, v. 70, 1939, p. 68.
A B
Lee Chingwah. Chinese discoveries and inventions, numbers 76–80: The Chinese invented coinage five hundred years before Lydia; including pierced coins, and the stackable coins. Chinese Digest, San Francisco, v. 4, no. 1, Jan. 1938, pp. 6–7; no. 2, Feb., pp. 6–7, 19, illus.
Reprint: Entitled "Chinese Coins." Hobbies, v. 43, no. 9, Nov. 1938, pp. 88–90; no. 11, Jan. 1939, pp. 85–87; v. 44, no. 6, Aug. pp. 93–94; no. 9, Nov. pp. 94–95, illus.
A B NY
—— Chinese inventions and discoveries, numbers 51–55: Chinese Digest, San Francisco, v. 3, no. 7, Jul. 1937, pp. 4–5, illus.
The Chinese invented paper money, including cash certificates, gold banknotes, and the equivalent of checks and bonds; her speculators attached whistles to carrier pigeons bearing "stock reports."
NY
Le May, Reginald Stuart (1885– ). The coinage of Siam. JSS, v. 25, pt. 1, Jan. 1932, pp. 1–78, pls.
A B NY
—— The coinage of Siam: The coins of the Bangkok dynasty, 1782–1924. JSS, v. 18, pt. 3, 1924, pp. 151–220, pls.
A NY
—— The coinage of Siam. Bangkok, The Siam Society, 1932. xi, 136 pp. 32 pls.
Reprint of nos. 451 and 452 with revision and additions; index added.
A LC
—— On the coins of northern Siam. JSS, v. 31, pt. 1, Mar. 1939, pp. 69–73.
NY
Letourneau, Ch. Le commerce et la monnaie en Chine. RIS, April, 1897, pp. 241–249.
Extract from author's "L'evolution du commerce." Paris, Vigot Bros.
Li, Chohming. The Chinese currency situation with particular reference to the recent fluctuations of silver prices. Berkeley, 1937.
Lightweight copper coins in Shanghai. N, v. 34, no. 9, Sep. 1921, p. 412.
A
Lilico, Stuart. Minting China's new silver dollars. CJ, v. 22, no. 1, Jan. 1935, pp. 25–29, illus.
A NY
Lin, Weiying. China under depreciated silver, 1926–1931. (The Foreign Trade Association of China, Monograph no. 1) Shanghai, 1935, 230 pp.
Review: Bratter, Journal of Political Economy, 45, Feb. 1937, pp. 119–121.
—— The new monetary system of China, A personal interpretation. Shanghai, 1936, 175 pp.; 2d ed. with several added chapters, New York, Institute of Pacific Relations, 1937.
Review: Chen, CSPSR, 20 Jan. 1937, pp. 542–544.
B
List of works in the New York Public Library relating to numismatics. Bulletin of the New York Library, v. 17, no. 12, Dec. 1913, pp. 981–1049; v. 18, no. 1, Jan. 1914, pp. 59–86; no. 2, Feb. pp. 149–175; no. 4, Apr. pp. 404–428.
Reprint: 1914, 195 pp., 4é, indexed by author. Annam, p. 1020; China, pp. 1027–1028; Tibet, p. 421; Japan pp. 158–159.
A B NY
Lister, Alfred. The schroff's mystery. CRv, v. 3, no. 1, Jul. 1873, pp. 1–13.
B E T
Llanso, A. Garcia. Numismatiga de los paises del extremo oriente coleccion de Enrique A. Ramsden. Barcelona, 1914, 14 pp., illus.
A
Lockhart, James Haldane Stewart (1858– ). The currency of the farther east from the earliest times up to the present day. Hongkong, 1895–1898. Vol. 1: Description of the Glover collection of Chinese, Annamese, Japanese, Corean coins; of coins used as amulets; and Chinese government and private notes. 223 pp. Vol. 2: Plates, 204 pp. Vol. 3: A guide to the inscriptions on the coins of the farther east, with special reference to the Glover collection and a chronology of the dynasties and emperors of China, Annam, and Japan. 77, 59 pp.
Review: Drouin, BN, 1896, ser. 3, v. 14, pp. 362–365.
A B E NY T
—— A note on three (sic) Chinese gold coins. NCR, v. 3, no. 5, Oct. 1921, pp. 386–388.
Description of one coin of Yuan Shik'ai and three of T'ang Chiyao.
—— The Stewart Lockhart collection of Chinese copper coins. (Royal Asiatic Society, North China Branch, Extra Volume No. 1.) Shanghai, 1915, 174, 36 pp., illus.
A B E LC NCh T
Loubere, S. de la. Du royaume de Siam. Amsterdam, 1691.
Siamese coinage: v. 1, pp. 219 ff.; appendix, v. 2, pp. 48–50.
—— A new historical relation of the Kingdom of Siam, tr. from the French by A. P. London, 1693. 260 pp. illus.
Siamese ticals and cowries, pp. 72–73.
NY
Lubbock, John. The history of money. NC, v. 6, no. 33, Nov. 1879, pp. 789–808, illus.
Remarks on Chinese money taken principally from Biot, Klaproth, and Vissering.
A E NY
—— A short history of coins and currency. London, 1902, 138 pp.
Illustrations of Chinese pu, knife, later knife money and cash.
T
Ma. Coins of the Ming. CRv, v. 8, no. 6, May 1880, p. 424.
NY T
Mailliet, Prosper (1808–1886). Atlas des monnaies obsidionales et de nécessité. Supplément. Bruxelles, 1871, 17 pp. 74 pls.
A
—— Catalogue des monnaies obsidionales et de nécessité; Chine. RNB, v. 27, 1878, pp. 372–376.
A
Marsden, William. Numismata Orientalia Illustrata. The Oriental coins, ancient and modern, of his collection, described and historically illustrated. London, 1825, 840 pp., illus.
Part 2: Japanese, pp. 814–817, pl. 55; Chinese, pp. 818–830, pl. 56.
A B
Marsten, Francis Edward. Buddha's legacy to the twentieth century. The Banker's Magazine, v. 62, no. 6, Jun. 1901, pp. 824–829, pl.
Fictional account of how one kwan Ming notes were found in the sack of the Yuen Ming Yuen palace in Peking. Erroneously states their value as being 250 taels.
NY
Marco Polo and his book. Harper's New Monthly Magazine, v. 46, no. 271, Dec. 1872, pp. 1–19.
NY
Martin, Leopold C. and Trubner, Charles. The current gold and silver coins of all countries, their weights and fineness, their intrinsic value in English money, with facsimiles of the coins. London, 1863, China: p. 13, pl. Cochin China: p. 14, pl.
A NY
Martini, Dr. S. P. (pseud.), see Kneedler, W. Harding.
Marvin, William Theophilus Roger. The coins of Thibet. AJN, v. 42, no. 1, 1907, pp. 9–13.
A
—— New silver coinage of China. AJN, v. 41, no. 1, Jul. 1906, pp. 18–19.
A E
Mason, Isaac, see Davidson, R. J. (no. 177).
Matsukata, Masayoshi. Report on the adoption of the gold standard in Japan. Tokyo, 1899, 389 pp., illus.
A very full and documented account by one who played the leading part in the reform.
A
Matsuoka, K. An early history of the gold exchange standard in Japan. Kyoto University Economic Review, Dec. 1935, 23 pp.
Medals and Badges of the Manchoukuo Red Cross Society. Manchuria, v. 4, no. 22, Dec. 25, 1939, p. 1634, illus.
Meier, O. Zur chinesischen Numismatik. BM, v. 48, 1928, no. 306, pp. 276–278.
A
Meili, Julius. Coinages executed in the Mint, Birmingham, Limited. SNC, v. 12, no. 137, Apr. 1904, col. 7520.
Letter calling attention to article by Paul Bordeaux in RN (no. 50) on the counterfeits of the 1792 dollar of Charles IV.
A
Milford Haven, the Marquess of. Naval Medals: Commemorative medals, naval rewards, war medals, naval tokens, etc. v. 2, London, 1928.
China: p. 518, illus. Foochow medal, 1884. Japan: pp. 515–517.
A
Miller Max. Chinesische Ménzen und Medaillen. Numismatik, v. 2, 1933, no. 1, pp. 1–4, illus.
A
Millies, Henricus Christian. Recherches sur les monnaies des Indigénes de l'Archipel et de la Péninsule malaie. The Hague, 1871, 179 pp., illus., 4é.
See no. 703 for correction of the attribution of a Chinese inscription on pl. 24.
A E
Miyashita, Koichi. Beitrége zur Japanischen Geldgeschichte. Wien, 1931, 139 pp. (Veréffentlichungen des Seminars fér Wirtschafts- und Kultur- geschichte an der Universitét Wien.)
Noticed in NZ, v. 64, 1931, p. 175.
—— Einige Kapital aus der Japanischen Geldgeschichte. NZ, v. 63, 1930, pp. 163–176.
A
The modern coinages of Japan. CCJ, v. 3, Mar. 1878, pp. 39–43, illus.
A
Monetus. Chinese cash. CRv, v. 13, no. 3, Nov. 1884, p. 225.
B NY T
Monnaies et mesures chinoises. GNB, ann. 5, no. 2, Nov. 1, 1900, pp. 33–34. Based on a report of M. F. Franqui, Belgian consul at Shanghai.
A
Montigny, C. de. Monnaies, poids et mesures chinoises. RO, v. 9, no. 1846, pp. 324–335.
E
Moore, Waldo C. Evolution of the bank note. N, v. 31, no. 4, Apr. 1918, pp. 165–167.
A
Morrison, James K. The currency of China (A short inquiry.) London, Shanghai, 1895, 40 pp.
Review: Eitel, CRv, v. 21, no. 6, May 1895, p. 421. AT
Morrison, John Robert. Chinese commercial guide. Canton, 1834, 116 pp.
Ch. 5, p. 62: Monies, weights, and measures, in China, the neighboring countries, etc.;p.69: Remarks on the Chinese currency; pp. 72–79: Japan.
E T
—— A Chinese commercial guide, consisting of a collection of details and regulations respecting foreign trade with China. Canton, 1844 2d ed. Canton, 1848, 3d ed. 311 pp.
Ch. 2, pp. 212–213: Assays of different coins; kinds of sycee in market; name of government schroffs. Ch. 3, pp. 233–240: Remarks on Chinese currency.
B T
—— Money weights of the Chinese. CRp, v. 2, no. 10, Feb. 1833, pp. 444–446.
E NY T
—— Report in reference to the circulation of dollars in China; necessity of retaining them in the provinces; their weight and standard objectionable; precautions against the exportation of sycee silver. August 1836. CRp, v. 5, no. 9, Jan. 1837, p. 419.
NY T
—— Some account of charms, talismans, and felicitous appendages worn about the person, or hung up in houses, &c., used by the Chinese. TRAS, v. 3, 1835, pp. 285–290.
Reprint: CRp. v. 14, no. 5, May 1845, pp. 229–234.
E NY T
Morrison, Robert. Paper money burnt at funerals. In A View of China for Philological Purposes Macao, 1817, 141 pp.
On p. 42: "Paper money (not for commercial purposes, but for funerals), began in the time of Wei and Tsin. Of this there is no doubt."
B E T
Morse, Hosea Ballou (1855– ). Currency and measures in China. JNChRAS, v. 24, pt. 1, 1889, pp. 47–135.
Reprint: Shanghai, 1889, pp. 47–135.
A B T
—— Currency in China. JNChRAS, v. 38, 1907, pp. 1–60, pls.
A B E NY T
Mosher, Stuart. Counterfeit Chinese dollars now flooding the U. S. coin market. CCJ, v. 6, no. 4, Dec. 1939, p. 134, illus.
A B
—— An early Chinese bank note. CCJ, v. 2, no. 10, Jan. 1936, p. 210, illus.
A
—— A few examples of Chinese fakes that are being sold in United States. CCJ, v. 7, no. 1, Jan. 1940, pp. 12–13, illus.
A B
Weight money of ancient China. CCJ, v. 6, no. 4, Dec. 1939, p. 134, illus.
A B
Mueller, Herbert, éber "Jade-Ménzen." MSOS, v. 22, no. 1, 1919, pp. 1–10, illus.
Reprint: Numismatische Miszellen, 1, 1919, pp. 1–10, illus., with no. 507.
A B LC
—— Zur geschichte des "Késch." MSOS, v. 22, no. 1, 1919, pp. 11–19, illus.
Reprint: Numismatische Miszellen, 2, 1919, pp. 10–19, illus., with no. 506.
A B LC
Mullie, Joseph. Sapéques trouvéesa Pai-T'a-Tze en Nao-Han. NCR, v. 4, no. 3, Jun. 1922, p. 194.
B
Munro, Neil Gordon. Coins of Japan. Yokohama, 1904, 281 pp., illus.
The collection of coins upon which this work is based forms a part of the Reilly collection in the Museum of the American Numismatic Society of New York.
A AA B C E LC NY T
Ménsterberg, Oskar. Chinesische Kunstgeschichte. Bd. 2. Esslingen a. N., 1912. 500 pp. illus. pls.
Ménzen: pp. 213–218, illus.
—— Fund alter japanischen Ménzen. Ostasiatische Lloyd, v. 24, p. 488.
Die Ménzen Japans. DM, v. 2, no. 84, Aug. 1887, col. 782–784; no. 85, Sept. 1887, col. 785–789; no. 87–88, Nov.–Dec. 1887, col. 801–806; no. 89, Jan. 1888, 822–824; no. 90, Feb. 1880, col. 827–831.
A
Ménzwesen in Siam. BMF, v. 12, 1876, no. 49, pp. 378–379.
A
N. Dots and lines on Chinese coins. NQ, v. 2, no. 3, Mar. 1868, pp. 47–48, illus.
NY T
Naudeau, Ludovic. La lutte du rouble et du dollar en Mandchourie. BN, v. 12, no. 3/4, Apr.–May–Jun. 1905, pp. 36–45.
A
Netscher, E. and Chijs, J. A. van der. De munten van nederlandsch Indie, beschreven en afgebeeld. Batavia, 1863, 230 pp. 33 pls.
A
Neue Ausménzung. Korea. BMF, v. 22, 1886, no. 131, p. 1219, illus.
A
Neue und unbeschriebene Geprége. China. BMB, v. 2, no. 14/15, Oct.–Nov. 1881, cols. 208–209, illus.
A
Neumann, Josef. Beschreibung der bekanntesten Kupfer-ménzen. Prague, 1858–1872, 6 vols.
Vol. 3: China, pp. 1–17; Japan, pp. 17–25; Corea, pp. 25–28; Annam, pp. 29–32.
Reprint: Beschreibung der Scheide-ménzen von China, Japan, Nord- und Sud-Annam. Prague, 1872.
A E BM
—— Scheideménzen, Das kaiserthum China. 32 pp. illus.
A
New aluminum coins for China. N, v. 53, no. 7, Jul. 1940, p. 496, illus.
1- and 5-cent coins minted by the American Engineering Corporation of Shanghai for Central Government of China, Chungking.
A
New bronze currency made for Siam in Hamburg. AJN, v. 22, no. 3, Jan. 1888, pp. 67–68.
A E
New Chinese silver coins. N, v. 25, no. 9, Sep 1912, p. 328.
A
A new coin of Siam. CCJ, v. 5, 1880, p. 33, illus.
A
New coinages. AJN, v. 22, no. 2, Oct. 1887, p. 51.
A
New set of Japanese coins. MCCM, v. 6, no. 5, July 1872, p. 67.
A
New commemorative dollar of republic of China. N, v. 43, no. 2, Feb. 1930, p. 88.
Note on the Kweichow "automobile" dollar.
A
New French coin. AJN, v. 14, no. 2, Oct. 1879, p. 41.
A
New nickel coins for Hopei province, China. CCJ, v. 5, no. 2, Jul. 1938, pp. 70–71, illus.
A B
New silver trade dollar. CH, v. 2, no. 1/2, Jan–Feb. 1874, p. 7.
NY
Newman, E. F. S. Ancient Chinese coins. CJSA, v. 1, no. 4, Jul. 1923, pp. 310–315.
A B
Newton, Joseph. Japan, and its currency. The Intellectual Observer, London, v. 12, no. 1, Aug. 1876, pp. 13–17.
NY
—— New decimal coinage for Hong-kong. The Intellectual Observer, London, v. 3, no. 2, Mar. 1863, pp. 119–123, illus.
Illustrates and describes the 10 c., 1 c., and 1 mil coins of 1863.
NY
Nishimura, Shinji. Ancient Chinese coinage and its origin. Canton, v. 1, no. 4, Aug.–Sep. 1939, pp. 26–34, illus.
A B
Nitobe, Inazo. The evolution of the cowry currency. In Economic Essays dedicated to Kenzo Wadagaki in commemoration of the twenty-fifth anniversary as Professor in the Imperial University, Tokyo, by his colleagues, friends and disciples. Tokyo, 1914, pp. 909–930, pl. In Japanese.
Reprint: 1914, pages have additional numbers 1–22.
B
Noe, Sydney Philip. Far eastern coins in the cabinet of the American Numismatic Society. CCJ, v. 6, no. 4, Dec. 1939, pp. 124–126.
A B
Notes on Chinese coins. CCJ, v. 1, no. 12, 1876, pp.180–182.
Reprinted from Titusville Coin Circular.
A
Numisma. The ancient coinage of China. CRv, v. 21, no. 4, Jan. 1896, pp. 230–252; v. 22, no. 4, Jan. 1897, pp. 626–650; v. 23, no. 6, May 1899, pp. 324–357, illus.
A B NY T
—— A strange coin or medal. CRv, v. 21, no. 3, Nov. 1894, pp. 204–205, illus.
NY T
Numismatics in China AJN, v. 28, no. 4, Apr. 1894, p. 86.
A
Numismatist. Chinese dollars in Formosa. NQ, v. 3, no. 12, Dec. 1869, p. 183.
NY T
—— Works on Chinese cash. NQ, v. 2, no. 2, Feb. 1868, p. 31.
NY T
Ordres Impériaux de Chine. Imprimerie Imp. Roy. de la cour et de l'Etat é Vienne. 28 colored plates of decorations and rosettes.
Text in French and Chinese.
A
Osaka. Imperial Mint. Report of the Director of the Imperial Mint for 1921–38.
A
Osterreicher, C. and Kainz, C. Behelf zum bestimmen neuer chinesischen Ménzen. Mittheil. des Clubs der Ménz- u. Medaillenfreunde in Wien, v. 1, 1890, pp. 36–38.
A
Output of Nanking mint, 1921, 1922 and 1923. Chinese Economic Buelltin, No. 165, p. 8.
Tabulation of dollars, 20 c. and 10 c. pieces minted.
NY
Pan Ku, see Dubs, H. H., tr. (no. 206).
Paper currency in Siam. N, v. 14, no. 11, Nov. 1901, pp. 313–314.
A E
Papiergeld der neuen Republik China. DN, v. 11, no. 2, Feb. 1912, p. 11.
A
Papiergeldentwertung und Silberkurs in China. Ostasiatische Rundschau, v. 8, 1927, pp. 358–359.
Parker, Edward Harper (1849–1926). Financial. CRv, v. 16, no. 2, Sep. 1887, p. 123.
"Cash," ten nominal to each one, were coined in A.D. 1040 for use during the war against Prester John. Another kind of 10/1 cash were coined in the year 1103. In 1104 iron cash mixed with zinc were coined.
B NY
—— Leaden cash. CRv, v. 17, no. 1, Jul. 1888, p. 53.
Southern Han, A.D. 918 inscribed Ch'ien Heng Chung Pao, 10 of which equaled the value of one Imperial cash.
NY T
Parkes, Harry. An account of the paper currency and banking system of Fuhchowfu. JRAS, v. 13, 1852, art. 10, pp. 179–189.
A E NY
Patterson, B. C. A Chinese "coin" identified as an Egyptian charm. CJ, v. 11, no. 1, Jul. 1929, pp. 18–19, illus. See no. 249 and no. 649.
A B NY
Paultre, Christian. La question monétaire en Chine et au Japon. Extrait des Questions Monétaires Contemporaines. Paris, 1905, 73 pp.
A
Pauthier, J. P. G. Rapport sur deux médailles en cuivre jaune trouvées é Sourabaya, éie de Java. JA, ser. 5, v. 15, 1860, pp. 321–338, illus.
NY
Pereira, A. Marques. Moedas de Siam. Lisbon, 1879, 30 pp. 8é.
Perez, Gilbert S. The leper colony currency of Culion. (Numismatic Notes and Monographs, No. 41). New York, 1929, 10 pp. 3 pls.
Four Japanese leper tokens illustrated on pl. 3.
A
Pemotte, Maurice. La question monétaire au Siam. L'Asie Franéaise, Bulletin Mensuel du Comité de l'Asie franéaise, Année 12, no. 139, Oct. 1912, pp. 417–427.
Perry, Franklin (pseud.) see Wood, Howland.
Peyton, Charles. The later coins of China. CCJ, v. 3, no. 1, Jan. 1878, pp. 5–7.
First installment of a serial marked "to be continued," but no trace has been found of other parts.
A
Pfizmaier, August. Bericht éber die von Herrn Carl von Hégel dem K. K. Ménz- und Antiken- Cabinet zu Wien geschenkten chinesischen Ménzen und Medaillen. Kaiserliche Akademie der Wissen- schaften. Sitzungsberichte. Wien, 1849, v. 3, pp. 112–114.
NY
—— Bericht éber einige von Herrn. Dr. Karl Ritter von Scherzer eingesandte chinesiche und japanische Ménzen. Ibid. Wien, 1861, v. 37, pp. 45–57, colored pl.
Reprint: 13 pp., pl.
A E NY
—— Bericht éber zwei Taiping-Ménzen. Ibid. Wien, 1866, v. 52, pp. 424–426.
E NY
Phillips, Henry, Jr. Porcelain money of Siam. The Museum, v. 1, no. 4, Aug. 1885, pp. 65–66, illus.
A
Picqué, C. Rapport sur la collection de monnaies chinoises et japonaises donnée au gouvernement belge par M. le consul J. Adrian. RBN, v. 31, 1875, pp. 498–503.
A
Pinnick, A. W. Silver and China. An investigation of the monetary principles governing China's trade and prosperity. Shanghai, 1930, 90 pp. London, 1931.
A discussion of the Chinese monetary situation as it was when the decline of silver was first becoming conspicuous. Bibliography.
B
Piton, Charles. Chinese coins. CRv, v. 9, no. 1, Jul. 1880, pp. 57–58.
Note on the proportion of various coins found in an excavated hoard of the Sung dynasty.
B NY T
—— Curious coins. CRv, v. 7, no. 5, Mar. 1879, pp. 321–322, illus.
NY T
Polder, Leon van de. Abridged history of the copper coins of Japan. TASJ, v. 19, pt. 2, May 1891, pp. 419–500, pls.
Principally translated from eight Japanese numismatic books and other native sources.
A B E NY
Poma, C. II nuovo sistema monetario Cinese. Appunti numismatici sul dollaro cinese. Rivista Italiana di Numismatica e scienze affini. 1904, v. 17, pp. 99–120, pl.
Reprint: Milan, 1903, 24 pp., illus.
A T
Psalmanaazaar, George pseudo. (1679–1763). An historical and geographical description of Formosa, an island subject to the emperor of Japan, giving an account of the religion, customs, manners, &c. of the inhabitants... London, 1704, 327 pp., illus. 1st ed. London, 1705, 2d ed.
Ch. 29, pp. 278–280: Of the money of the Formosans. Plate.
It is curious that this work, containing as it does one of the earliest published references to a Far Eastern coinage, should be a literary forgery. It reproduces figures of six fictitious coins and attributes a metallic coinage to an area which never had an indigenous currency. However, this is all of a piece with the balance of the volume which is based entirely upon the author's fertile imagination. One of the curiosities of literature.
In 1764, a year after the author's death and by his direction, there was published Memoirs of ....
Commonly Known by the Name George Psalmanaazaar. It has been described as one of the most singular books of confession ever written. To what extent it is a truthful account of his life and impostures will never be known.
B E NY T
R. Coinage in China. AJN, v. 39, no. 4, Apr. 1905, pp. 105–106.
A
—— Cowries and their use. AJN, v. 40, no. 3, Jan. 1906, p. 64.
A
—— The kinsats, or Japanese paper money. NQ, v. 3, no. 9, Sep. 1869, pp. 138–139.
NY T
Rabbitt, James A. Brief history of nickel coinage. Japan Advertiser, Tokyo, 2 Oct. 1932.
Reprint: In Nickel coinage in Japan, pp. 31–35, in English and Japanese.
B
—— Japan adopts a pure nickel coinage. Far Eastern Review, Shanghai, v. 29, no. 4, Apr. 1933, pp. 173–177, illus., chart.
A NY
—— L'introduzione del nickel nella monetazione giapponese. Rassegna Numismatica, v. 32, no. 11–12, Nov.–Dec. 1935, pp. 379–382.
A
Radermacher, Jacob Comelis Matthieu (1741–1783). Bijdragen tot de beschrijving van Japan. Verhandelingen Bataviaasch Genootschap, v. 3, 1781, pp. 203–236.
Reprint: Holland, 1787; Batavia, 1821.
NY
Raeburn, G. Duncan. Chinese soviet coins and notes. CJ, v. 26, no. 3, Mar. 1937, pp. 119–124, illus.
Reprint: Bulletin of the Numismatic Society of China, No. 2, 6 pp., illus.
A B
—— Coins of the republic of China. The Kweichow automobile dollar. ASJ, v. 1, no. 2, Jul. 1939, p. 42, illus.
A B
—— Coins that never were. CJ, v. 28, no. 6, Jun. 1938, pp. 267–272, illus.
Reprint: Bulletin of the Numismatic Society of China, No. 4, 6 pp., illus.
A B
Ramsden, Henry Alexander (1872–1915). Ancient Chinese coins. Ghost's head money. MNM, v. 7, no. 6/7, Jun.–Jul. 1916, pp. 84–86, illus.
A
—— Ancient Chinese shell currency and derivate money, Yokohama, 1914. pp. 1–16.
A B
—— The ancient coins of Lin-tzu. NC, ser. 4, v. 15, 1915, pp. 121–131, illus.
Reprint: 11 pp. illus.
A B
—— Ant's nose money. NPJJ, v. 3, no. 4, Apr. 1914, pp. 139–140; no. 5, May pp. 165–166, illus. Japanese text pp. 148–150, 196–197.
Reprinted: SNC, v. 23, no. 9/10, Sep.–Oct. 1915, cols. 564–565.
A B E T
—— Aribana sen (Ant nose money.) in Japanese. Kokogaku Zasshi, Archeological Journal, v. 2, no. 10, Jun. 1912, pp. 35–38, illus.
"Illustrated by half-tones which are so indistinct that the legends cannot be read, in consequence the article has little value for comparative purposes." Ramsden, NPPJ, v. 3, no. 5, p. 165.
A B
—— Aribana sen (Ant nose money.) in Japanese. Emo Tesei, tr. Kosengaku Zasshi, Numismatic Magazine, Jun. 1911.
—— Arrowhead currency. NPJJ, v. 4, no. 4/6, Oct.–Dec. 1914, pp. 153–156, illus.
A B E T
—— Bamboo money in China. MNM, v. 5, no. 5, May 1914, p. 77, illus.
A B
—— A banknote of Tsingtau. NPJJ, v. 3, no. 3, Mar. 1914, pp. 98–99, illus. Japanese text pp. 115–116.
A B E T
—— A characteristic bank note of modern China. NPJJ, v. 2, no. 6, Dec. 1913, pp. 201–205, illus. Japanese text pp. 239–240.
A B E T
—— A Chinese bank note with historical personages. NPJJ, v. 3, no. 2, Feb. 1914, pp. 41–43, illus. Japanese text p. 80.
A B E T
—— Chinese bank note with reproduction of a Spanish dollar. NPJJ, v. 1, no. 6, Jun. 1913, pp. 222–223, illus. Japanese text pp. 229–230.
A B E T
—— Chinese bank note with the twelve animals of the duodenary cycle. NPJJ, v. 4, no. 1, Jul. 1914, pp. 12–13, illus. Japanese text pp. 38–39.
A B E T
—— Chinese coin amulets inscribed with "Japan." NPJJ, v. 1, no. 5, May 1913, pp. 161–166, illus.
A B E T
—— Chinese early barter and uninscribed money. (Manuals of Far Eastern Numismatics No. 2). Yokohama, 1912, 34 pp., illus. 8é, limp cloth.
A B E T
—— A Chinese historical amulet coin. N, v. 22, no. 8, Aug. 1909, pp. 227–228, illus.
A B E
—— Chinese openwork amulet coins. Yokohama, 1911, 60 pp., illus. 8é, limp cloth. Issued interleaved.
Review: Wood, N, v. 25, no. 4, Apr. 1912, p. 144.
A B E T
—— Chinese paper money. (Manuals of Far Eastern Numismatics No. 1). Yokohama, 1911, 37 pp., illus. 8é, limp cloth.
Review: Wood, N, v. 24, no. 8, Aug. 1911, p. 225.
Justice, GNB, v. 15, no. 2/5, Feb.–May 1911, p. 70.
A B E T
—— Chinese republic paper money, Chronicle of new issues. NPJJ, v. 1, no. 3, Mar. 1913, pp. 99–100, illus. Japanese text pp. 116–117.
A B E T
—— Coins of the Meiji or present period of Japan. N, v. 24, no. 8, Aug. 1911, pp. 266-268, illus.
A E
—— The coins of Battambang. NPJJ, v. 3, no. 6, June 1914, pp. 201–207, illus.
A B
—— The coins of Yuen. NPJJ, v. 4, no. 1, Jul. 1914, pp. 1–2; no. 2, Aug. pp. 57–59, illus. Japanese text pp. 39–40, 78–79.
A B E T
—— A commemorative medal of Aidzu. NPJJ, v. 2, no. 6, Dec. 1913, pp. 217–219, illus.
A B
—— The copper coinage of the Chinese republic. MNM, v. 6, no. 5, May 1915, pp. 65–73, illus.
A
—— Corean coin charms and amulets. Yokohama, 1910, 40 pp., illus. 8é, limp cloth.
Review: Higgins, MNM, v. 3, no. 7, Jul. 1910, pp. 103–106.
A AA B E T
—— Corean commemorative medals and decorations. NPJJ, v. 1, no. 4, 1913, pp. 121–124, pl.
A B
—— Corean modern copper coins. N, v. 22, no. 4, Apr. 1909, pp. 101–103; no. 5, May, pp. 136, illus.
A B E T
—— "Counterfoils" of Japanese bank notes. NPJJ, v. 1, no. 5, May 1913, pp. 168–170, illus. Japanese text pp. 195–200.
A B E T
—— Cowries and their substitutes, used as a medium of exchange in ancient China.
Paper read before the 3d International Archeological Congress, Rome, 1912.
A B
—— The cowry currency of ancient China. NPJJ, v. 2, no. 5, Nov. 1913, pp. 161–163; illus. Japanese text pp. 198–200.
A B E T
—— Cowry substitutes used as currency in ancient China. NPJJ, v. 3, no. 1, Jan. 1914, pp. 15–17, colored pl. Japanese text pp. 39–40.
A B E T
—— Dollar mark 2400 years old. N, v. 26, no. 8, Aug. 1913, pp. 422–423, illus.
Letter with rubbing of pu coin of Shou Yn.
A
—— Early Chinese metallic currency: Carapace money. AJN, v.45, no. 2, Apr. 1911, pp. 70–72, illus.
A paper read before the Boston Numismatic Society.
A B E T
—— Errors in the formation of the ideographs "An Yang" as found on the early currency of this ancient Chinese city. NPJJ, v. 1, no. 3, Mar. 1913, pp. 88–90; no. 6, Jun. pp. 212–218, illus.
A B E T
—— Far eastern coins with their value expressed in the legend. NPJJ, v. 1, no. 2, Feb. 1913, pp. 45–47, illus.
A B E T
—— Fookinese modern cast copper coins. NPJJ, v. 2, no. 4, Oct. 1913, pp. 121–123, illus.
A B E T
—— Foreign money in China. N, v. 23, no. 2, Feb. 1910, pp. 33–34, illus.
A E T
—— Fuji in numismatics and philately. NPJJ, v. 3, no. 5, May 1914, pp. 160–164, illus.
A B
—— Glass coins of the far east. MNM, v. 3, no. 3, Mar. 1910, pp. 33–35, illus.
A E T
—— Happum style of the Chosen Tongpo coins. NPJJ, v. 4, no. 2, pp. 50–51, illus.
A B
—— The high value issues of the Tu Duc series of Annamese coins. NPJJ, v. 2, no. 4, Oct. 1913, pp. 127–131; no. 5, Nov. 1913, pp. 167–173, illus.
A B
—— Japanese matsuri sen or festival coin charms. NPJJ, v. 2, no. 2, Aug. 1913, pp. 41–45; no. 3, Sep. pp. 84–85; no. 4, Oct. pp. 137–138, illus.
A B E T
—— Japanese war medals and decorations. NPJJ, v. 3, no. 2, pp. 53–55, pl.
A B
—— The knife coins of ancient China. Elder Magazine, v. 2, no. 1, Jan. 1911, p. 7.
A B
—— Kure arsenal private paper money. NPJJ, v. 4, no. 2, Aug. 1914, pp. 53–55, pl.
A B
—— "Kwan-Ei-Tso-Ho" coins. Barcelona, 1906, 13 pp. illus.
A E
—— Liu Hai and the three-legged toad. NPJJ, v. 2, no. 1, Jul. 1913, pp. 9–12, illus. Japanese text pp. 26–28.
A B E T
—— Military coin issue for the Chinese province of Sze Cheun. NPJJ, v. 2, no. 3, Sep. 1913, pp. 93–96, illus.
A B E T
—— Model-insect money of ancient China. (Specialized Series No. 1) Yokohama, 1914, 22 pp., illus.
Review: Wood, N, v. 28, no. 2, Feb. 1915, p. 46.
A B T
—— Model-insect money of ancient China. N P J J, v. 4, no. 4/6, Oct.–Dec. 1914, pp. 121–135, illus.
A B E T
—— Modern Chinese copper coins. N, v. 23, no. 5/6, May–Jun. 1910, pp. 141–142; no. 8, Nov. pp. 241–245; no. 9, Dec. pp. 269–271; v. 24, no. 1, Jan. 1911, pp. 15–19; no. 2, Feb. pp. 74–75; no. 3, Mar. pp. 86–91; no. 4, Apr. pp. 117–118; no. 5, May, pp. 167–169, illus.
Reprint: 1911, 27 pp., illus.
A B E T
—— A modern style Chinese bank note. NPJJ, v. 3, no. 6, Jun. 1914, pp. 218–219, illus. Japanese text p. 240.
A B E T
—— Morita Hotan, Japanese numismatist. A tribute. NPJJ, v. 1, no. 4, Apr. 1913, pp. 130–132.
A B E T
—— New certificate of membership of the Yokohama Numismatic Society. NPJJ, v. 2, no. 1, Jul. 1913, pp. 13–15, illus.
A B E T
—— New coin issue for Corea. N, v. 22, no. 12, Dec. 1909, p. 339.
A E
—— New coin issues for China. Chronicle of new issues. NPJJ, v. 1, no. 1, Jan. 1913; pp. 9–11; no. 2, Feb. pp. 50–51; v. 2, no. 2, Aug. pp. 51–54; no. 5, Nov. pp. 179–180; v. 3, no. 4, Apr. 1914, pp. 130–131; v. 4, no. 3, Sep. pp. 87–88. Japanese text, v. 1, no. 2, Feb. 1913, pp. 69–70; no. 3, Mar. pp.113–115; v. 2, no. 6, Dec. p. 237; v. 4, no. 3, Sep. 1914, p. 101.
A B E T
—— New Japanese aviation medal. NJPP, v. 2, no. 3, Sep. 1913, p. 97, illus.
A B
—— New Japanese coinage and new Japanese banknote. NPJJ, v. 2, no. 4, Oct. 1913, pp. 135–136, 2 pls.
A B
—— A new Japanese military medal. NPJJ, v. 1, no. 5, May 1913, pp. 172–173, illus.
A B
—— A Nogi numismatic souvenir. NPJJ, v. 4, 1914, pp. 89–90, illus.
A B
—— Notes and observations on ancient Chinese coins. Letters written by Henry A. Ramsden of Yokohama to John Robinson of Salem, 1909–1914. Copy of the originals in the library of the Essex Institute, Salem, Mass. 1917, 243 pp.
A B E
—— Numismatic exhibition at the Nanking exposition. N, v. 24, no. 1, Jan. 1911, pp. 10–11.
A
—— The origin of birds found protruding from the outer circumference of certain Chinese coin-amulets. NPJJ, v. 4, no. 2, Aug. 1914, pp. 41–47.
A B E T
—— The origin of Chinese cash, with special reference to Professor Ridgeway's "The Origin of Metallic Currency and Weight Standards." SNC, v. 23, no. 3/4, Mar.–Apr. 1915, cols. 163–169, illus.
A B E T
—— Paper money of China. MNM, v. 4, no. 9/10, Sep.–Oct. 1911, pp. 123–124.
A
—— The paper money of Formosa. NPJJ, v. 1, no. 2, Feb. 1913, pp. 53–54, illus. Japanese text pp. 74–76.
A B E T
—— Papiergeld in China. BMB, v. 32, no. 118, Oct. 1911, pp. 182–184.
A
—— Pictorial characters on ancient Chinese coins. N, v. 24, no. 6, Jun. 1911, pp. 203–204, illus.
A B E
—— Une piéece inédite. SNC, v. 17, no. 196, Mar. 1909, col. 11272, illus.
A
—— A recent Chinese commemorative coin. N, v. 25, no. 9, Sep. 1912, p. 346, illus.
A
—— The "Ro" (sic) "Lo" collection of ancient Chinese money. NPJJ, v. 1, no. 6, Jun. 1913, pp. 210–211.
Now in the Museum of the American Numismatic Society, New York; 511 ancient specimens all prior to round coins.
A B E T
—— Seals for impressing on Chinese private bank notes and their significance. NPJJ, v. 2, no. 1, Jul. 1913, pp. 15–17; no. 2, Aug. pp. 49–51; no. 4, Oct. pp. 133–135; no. 6, Dec. pp. 212–213; v. 4, no. 3, Sep. 1914, pp. 94–97; no. 4/6, Oct.–Dec. pp. 157–167, illus.
A B E T
—— Siamese porcelain and other tokens. Yokohama, 1911, 37 pp., colored pls.
A Cr E T
—— Some rare and unpublished Chinese coins. SNC, v. 19, no. 227, Oct. 1911, cols. 13103–13106, I. The coins of Tch'ui, illus.; v. 20, no. 236, Jul. 1912, cols. 13732–13737, II. Rung Coins; v. 21, no. 1, Jan. 1913, cols. 63–65; no. 12, Dec. cols. 911–915, Nieh coins.
A B NY T
—— III. Congresso Archeologico Internazionale. NPJJ, v. 1, no. 1, Jan. 1913, pp. 1–5. Japanese text pp. 35–40.
Report on proceedings 9–11 October, 1912, at which Ramsden delivered an address on "Cowries and their substitutes, used as a medium of exchange in ancient China." See no. 608.
A B E T
—— The Tangut script and numismatics. NPJJ, v. 3, no. 4, Apr. 1914, pp. 121–126, illus. Japanese text pp. 159–160.
A B E T
—— Three inedited Corean pattern or experimental coins. NPJJ, v. 4, nos. 4–6, Oct.–Dec. 1914, pp. 147–149, illus.
A B
—— Tsi Moh knife coins—small series. AJN, v. 44, no. 4, Oct. 1910, pp. 158–163, illus.
A B E T
—— Two coins of Tan Shang. NPJJ, v. 3, no. 3, Mar. 1914, pp. 95–96, illus.; v. 4, no. 4–6, Oct.–Dec., 1914, p. 171.
A B
—— The war and numismatics. NPJJ, v. 4, nos. 4–6, Oct.–Dec. 1914, pp. 168–171, illus.
A B
Rare Chinese dollar. CCJ, v. 5, no. 1, 1880, pp. 8–9, illus.
A B
Rare one cash piece of Nanking. N, v. 27, no. 12, Dec. 1914, p. 597, illus.
A
Rawlings, Gertrude Burford. Chinese coins at the Victoria and Albert Museum. SNC, v. 7, no. 82, Sep. 1899, cols. 3554–3555.
A
Raymond, Wayte. Coins of the world, the standard catalogue of twentieth century issues... . New York, 1938. 232 pp. illus.
China: pp. 42–61; Corea: pp. 63–64; Hong Kong: pp. 120–121; Japan: 140–141; Kiao Chau: p. 142; Manchukuo: 148–149; Nepal: p. 164; Siam: p. 196; Thibet: p. 207; Tonkin: p. 207.
A B
Rean, Ralph. Notes sur les ordres et décorations au Siam, étude de l'ordre royal "Noparatana". Actes XI. Congr. des Or., Sect. II, p. 255–260.
Relative values of various Chinese taels. Annual Report of the Director of the Mint for 1905. Washington, 1905, pp. 205–208.
Translation into French: France. Administration des Monnaies et Médailles, Rapport au Ministre de Finances, 11e Année, 1906, pp. 304–307.
A
Reeve, F. A. A treasury decision on the importation of copies of ancient coins from China. N, v. 17, no. 8, Aug. 1904, pp. 242–243.
A E
Report of Treasury committee on the mode of issuing dollars in the east.
In Gr. Brit. Parliamentary Sessional Papers, v. 67: Accounts and Papers, 1913 (v. 27): Commercial and General Interests. Cd. 6973, vol. I, pp. 1–10; Cd. 6974, vol. II, pp. 1–60.
T
A report on Siamese money to the Ministry of Finance at Paris, dated 1901 (Cordier, Bibl. Indosin.,col. 820).
A
Richter, Gustav. Japan und sein Ménzwesen. Monatsblatt der Num. Gesell. in Wien, v. 8, no. 29, May 1911, pp. 301–305; no. 30–31, June–July, pp. 315–318; no. 32–33, Aug.–Sept., pp. 325–327; no. 35, Nov., pp. 349–352.
A
Riddell, J. L. A monograph of the silver dollar, good and bad. Illustrated with facsimile figures of four hundred and twenty-five varieties of dollars, and eighty-seven varieties of half dollars, including the genuine, the low standard, and the counterfeit: giving their weight, quality, and exact value and enabling the inexperienced to detect those which are spurious. New Orleans, 1845.
A
Ridgeway, William. Origin of metallic currency and weight standards. Cambridge, England, 1892, 417 pp., illus.
Weight systems of China and farther Asia, pp. 154–168. See Ramsden (no. 643) for criticism of Ridgeway's views on Chinese currency.
A
Rieger, Marianne. Zur Finanz- und Agrargeschichte der Ming-Dynastie (1368–1643). Sinica, v. 12, 1937, pp. 130–143; 235–252.
A section on Geldwesen, pp. 131–132.
NY
Robert, A. Spade coins from An-Yang. CJ, v. 15, no. 2, Aug. 1931, pp. 72–73, illus.
See also no. 2.
B NY
Robinson, John (1846–1925). Oriental numismatics. A catalog of the collection of hooks relating to the coinage of the east presented to the Essex Institute, Salem, Mass, by John Robinson. Salem, 1913, 102 pp., illus. 8é (300 copies).
Review: H. C., Revue suisse de numismatique, v. 23, 1923, p. 447.
A B E NY T
Rocher, Emile. La province chinoise du Yunnan. Paris, 1877–1880, 2 vols. 4é, illus.
Smelting silver and making ingots, p. 224.
E LC NY T
Rockhill, William Woodville (1854–1914). Notes on the ethnology of Tibet, based on the collections in the U. S. National Museum. Report of the U. S. National Museum, Smithsonian Institution, 1895, pp. 665–747, illus.
Pp. 718–719 Monetary system—mediums of exchange. Pl. 27, Tanka and fractions of tanka.
NY T
Roest, W. A., see Vissering, G. (no. 812).
Rogers, M. E. Porcelain coins. CRv, v. 10, no. 5, Mar. 1882, pp. 352–353. See no. 271.
B NY T
Rondot, Natalis. Les éphémérides du papiermonnaie en Chine. Paris, 1850, 6 pp.
—— Monnaies ou moyens d'échange en usage dans l'archipel de Soulon, Malaise. JA, ser. 4, v. 12, 1848, pp. 56–64.
NY
—— On the Chinese coins and small porcelain bottles found in Egypt. JNChRAS, v. 32, no. 1, 1897–98, pp. 66–78.
NY S T
—— Peking et la Chine—mesures, monnaies et banques Chinoises. Paris, 1861, 19 pp.
Extract du Dictionnaire du Commerce et de la Navigation.
T
Ros, Giuseppe. Coins of the republic of China. JNChRAS, v. 48, 1917, pp. 118–144, pls.
Reprint: On large paper with red border lines, 27 pp. illus.
Review: N, v. 30, no. 11, Nov. 1917, p 482. Mehl, MNM, v. 8, no. 10, Oct. 1917, pp. 135–136.
A B LC T
—— A tael coinage for Kirin. (Corpus Nummorum Recentiorum). Printed for private circulation, Hankow, 1921, 17 pp., illus.
A B S
Rose, Otto. Chinesische Ménzen; Werdegang des chinesischen Ménzwesens vom primitivsten Ursprung bis zur Gegenwart. Tsingtau, 1909, 31 pp., illus.
A T
Ross, John. The Manchus. Paisley, 1880, 751 pp. London, 1891.
Pp. 684–695, history of currency in China in the present dynasty.
E T
Row, P. C. Two small books of prints taken direct from Chinese coins, one of which is stated to be from the collection of G. Ros (1921). In black, copper, and silver inks. Other from collection of M. Manikoff, in black, many reversed.
A
S., A. Cashed in hell! A sidelight on idol worship. N, v. 49, no. 6, Jun. 1936, p. 429.
Note on an exhibit by Harold N. Vivian, Secretary of China Inland Mission, before the New Zealand Numismatic Society on a funerary banknote no. 4343 for $50 drawn on the "Silver Bank of Hades."
A
S., N. Notes on Chinese cash. JNChRAS, v. 53, 1922, pp. 284–285.
NY
Saburo, Shioda. The origin of paper currency (ch'ao) of China. JPOS, v. 2, no. 4, 1889, pp. 205–307.
B NY T
Sacred Chinese coin. AJN, v. 37, no. 1, Jul. 1902, p. 20.
Reprint: N, v. 16, no. 1, Jan. 1903, p. 10.
A
Sakai, W. C. Ancient coins obtainable in Korea and Manchuria. N, v. 10, no. 2, Feb. 1897, pp. 39–40, illus.
A E
—— The numismatic treasures of Japan. N, v. 8, no. 1, Jan. 1895, pp. 16–17.
A
Salt cakes as current coins. AJN, v. 13, no. 3, Jan. 1879, p. 56.
Used as currency in Yunnan.
A
Sarazin, Franéois. Fuku-yen; Traité des monnaies d'or au Japon. Compte rendu du Congrés international des orientalistes, lre session, Paris, 1873, pp. 88–97, illus.
Reprint: Paris, 1874, 16 pp. illus.
A Cr E
Satow, Ernest. On the Nen-go. N C, n. s., v. 6, pp. 311–312, folding table.
A
Schepens, A. F. Coins of the Ta Ching dynasty. CRv, v. 22, no. 3, Nov. 1896, pp. 598–605, illus.
Coins of Ch'ien Lung, Tao Kuang, Hsien Feng, T'ung Chih, and Kuang Hsé, 1736 to date.
A B E NY
—— Coins of the Ta Ching dynasty—Supplement to the notes sent in September, 1895. CRv, v. 22, no. 2, Sep. 1896, pp. 556–557, illus.
Supplement to notes published in no. 696, which curiously were published before the original article which they were intended to supplement. Coins of Ch'ien Lung, Chia Ch'ing, Tao Kuang, Hsien Feng, and T'ung Chih, 1736–1874.
A B E NY
—— Summary of the catalogue of the collection of Chinese, Annamese, Japanese and Corean coins and charms containing specimens of each historical period from before Christ 2255 to the present, belonging to A. F. Schepens of the Chinese Imperial Customs Service. Anvers, 12 pp. illus., 16é.
A catalog of a collection exhibited at the St. Louis Exposition, 1904.
B E
Schjéth, Frederik. The currency of the far east, the Schjéth collection at the numismatic cabinet of the University of Oslo, Norway. London, 1929, 88 pp., 132 pl.
Review: F. Otte, Sinica, v. 7, 1932, pp. 214–215; O. Franke, Orientalische Litcraturzcitung, v. 34, 1931, p.582.
A B LC NY
—— Schlegel, Gustave. Bamboo money. TP, v. 7, no. 2, May 1896, pp. 169–170.
E NY
—— Beschreibung von einigen chinesischen Zinnménzen aus Siam und einer Kupferménzen aus Korea. BMB, v. 2, no. 83, Jul. 1887, cols. 769–772, illus.
A E
—— Cash, etymologie du mot. TP, v. 8, p. 522.
In review of W. R. Groeneveldt, "De Nederlanders in China," Hague, 1898.
NY
—— Une erreur numismatique. TP, v. 9, no. 3, Jul. 1898, p. 272.
Points out an error in the attribution of a Chinese inscription on pl. 24 of "Recherches sur les monnaies des indigénes l'archipel indien et de la Péninsule malaie" by M. H. C. Millies, no. 485.
NY
—— Siamesische und Chinesische-Siamesische Ménzen. Internationales Archiv fér Ethnographic, v. 2, 1889, pp. 241–254, colored pls.
Reprint: 14 pp. illus.
A E T
Schlésser, Richard. Chinas Ménzen. DM, v. 56, 1936, pp. 157–164, illus.
Reprint: London, 1936, 9 pp., illus. 8é.
A
—— Chinas Ménzen als Kunstwerke. OZ, n.s., v. 2, no. 4, pp. 283–305, illus.
Reprint.
A E
—— Chinas Ménzen erléutert an der Sammlung im Missions-Museum des Franziskanerklosters zu Dorsten in Westfalen. Werl, 1935, 114 pp., illus., cloth, 4é
Review: O. Franke, Orientalische Literaturzeitung, v. 40, 1937, pp. 564–570.
A B LC NY
—— Chinas seltsame Ménzen. Die Zeit in Bild, 2 pp., illus. Also in Bildbeilage fér verschiedene Tageszeitungen u. a. fér Hannoversches Tageblatt, 2 Oct. 1927.
A
—— xChinesische Goldménzen aus Ssu-Ch'uan. FM, v. 3, no. 28, Apr. 1932, pp. 413–415, illus.
A E
—— Chinesische Ménzen. A, no. 2, Feb. 1930, pp. 119–121, illus.
Reprint: 3 pp., illlus.
A B E
—— Chinesische Ménzen aus drei Jahrtausenden. Leipzig Illustr. Zeitung, no. 4400, pp. 60 and 62, illus.
A E
—— Chinesisches Papiergeld aus dem Anfang der Ming-dynastie. OZ, n.s., 13, v. 23, 1937, pp. 223–226, illus.
—— Chinesisch-Siamesische Porzellanménzen. Artibus Asiae, v. 6, 1936, pp. 265–271, illus.
—— Die erste Téel-Prégung in China. DM, Jhg. 58, no. 426, June, 1938, pp. 84–87; no. 427, Jul. 1938, pp. 106–107, illus.
A
—— Klanggerétménzen im alten China. Sinica, v. 3, no. 3/4, Jul.–Sep. 1928, pp. 97–110, illus.
A E NY
—— Die Ménzen der beiden Epochen Chi Yéan. Artibus Asia, v. 5, no. 1, 1935, pp. 38–46, illus.
Reprint: 1935.
A
—— Die Ménzreformversuche des Wang Mang. Sinica, v. 5, no. 1, Feb. 1930, pp. 25–37, illus. A E NY
—— Das Ménzwesen Chinas. MM, v. 5, no. 55, Jul. 1928, pp. 193–197, illus.
Reprint: 5 pp., illus.
A
—— P'ei ch'ien. Artibus Asiae, v. 7, 1937, pp. 109–121, illus.
Chinese coinage of a type called 'money to be fastened to the wearing apparel' with description of 36 examples.
—— Der Ursprung des chinesischen Késch. Artibus Asia, v. 2.
A B E
—— Der Ursprung der chineschen Pu-Ménzen. Artibus Asia, v. 2, no. 1, 1928, pp. 12–34, illus.
Reprint.
A B E
Schmidt, H. Ein geprégter Shanghai-tael. BMB, n.s., v. 4, no. 121, Jan. 1912, pp. 263–264, illus.
Description of the 1867 tael struck in Hongkong.
A
Schneider, Oskar. Carl Ribbe, ed. Muschelgeld Studien. Dresden, 1905, 190 pp. illus.
Cowries in China, pp. 103–109, pl. 13.
A NY
Schroeder, Albert. Annam, études numismatiques. (Dai Nam Hoa Te Do Luc). Paris, 1905, 2 vols. 4é. v. 1, 651 pp. text; v. 2, 111 pls.
A B E NY
Schrétter, Friedrich Freiherr von. Wérterbuch der Ménzkunde. Berlin, 1930. 777 pp. 28 pls.
See: A'sēk, Ban, Cash, Ch'ien, Chintiao, Chopped Dollar, Dieungan, Dong, Hongkong Dollar, Kasch, Kangan, Mit, Nen, Pi, Pitjis, Saisi, Sen, Straits-Dollar, Tael, Tam-bac-tron, Tangka, Tee, Tempel-ménzen, Tikal, Won, Yéan.
A
Schwartz, Benjamin. A Chinese paper bank-note. Bull, of the New York Public Library, v. 42, no. 10, Oct. 1938, pp. 750–751, pl.
A NY
Seneuil, Courcelle. Dictionnaire de l'économie politique. Paris, 1854. 2 v.
Papier-monnaie: pp. 347–348 (China).
NY
Serbin, A. Die Geld- und Wéhrungsverhéltnisse Chinas. Deutsche Rundschau fér Geographie und Statistik, v. 31, pp. 171–175, 220–224.
Scott, John Walter. An exceedingly rare Chinese dollar. CCJ, v. 5, no. 50, Jan. 1880, pp. 8–9, illus.
Changchow dollar of 1835.
A
—— Twentieth century Chinese cash. Metropolitan Philatelist, v. 27, no. 16, Jul. 31, 1909, pp. 122–123, illus.
Reprint: MNM, v. 2, no. 12, Dec. 1909, p. 187–188.
A CC
—— and Kohler, Rudolph. Two varieties of Chinese commemorative dollars. N, v. 26, Feb. 1913, p. 79, illus.
Note on the Sun Yat Sen "Momento" dollar.
A
Seriba, J. Bemerkungen ueber Japanische Gold- und Silberménzen. MDGNVO, v. 3, pt. 29, 1883, pp. 392–398.
NY
Serebrenikov, J. J. Funeral money in China. CJ, v. 18, no. 4, Apr. 1933, pp. 191–193, illus.
Reprint: (25)
NY
Shanghai mint to open soon. N, v. 42, no. 1, Jan. 1929, p. 8.
A
Shantung Min Sheng Bank currency. N, v. 54, no. 12, Dec. 1941, p. 941.
A
Sheng Hsuanhwai, see Ferguson, J. C., tr. (no. 242).
Shibusawa, Eiichi. Report on currency adjustment in Korea. 1909, 116 pp., illus., map, charts.
A B
Siamese porcelain money. AJN, v. 20, no. 3, Jan. 1886, p. 62.
Note on the collection of over 900 specimens of Wilhelm Bergsée of Copenhagen.
A E
Siamese coinage. AJN, v. 44, no. 2, Apr. 1910, pp. 53–54.
A
Siamesische Ménzen und M. Stempelzeichen. BMF, Jhg. 12, 1876, no. 50, p. 384. Pl. 44, figs. 1–12.
A
Sieveking, A. Forbes. The antiquity of paper money. SNC, v. 28, no. 1/2, Jan.–Feb. 1920, cols. 95–96.
Reprint of a letter to the Times.
A
Sigler, Phares O. Sycee silver. (Numismatic Notes and Monographs No. 99) New York, 1943. 37 pp. 6 pls.
Silberbarren, Silbergeld und Falschménzer in China. BMK, v. 2, no. 18, 1836, cols. 244–245.
A NY
Silver Chinese dollars. CCJ, v. 5, no. 59, 1880, p. 151.
Description of the Shanghai issue of Wang Yungshing.
A
Silvestre, Jules. Notes pour servir é la recherche et au classement des monnaies et médailles de l'Annam et de la Cochinchine franéaise. Excursions et Reconnaissances, No. 14 and 15. Saigon, 1883, pp. 305–344 and 393–475.
E
—— Notice sur les médailles de la Chine et dépendances. France. Administration des Monnaies et Médailles, Rapport au Ministre de Finances, 10e Année, 1905, pp. 308–331, 3 pls.; 12e Année, 1907, pp. 319–332, 7 pls.
Reprinted in Bulletin de Société de géographic de Rochefort, v. 28, 1906, pp. 1–24, 4 pls.; v. 30, 1908, pp. 1–16, 7 pls.
An abridged translation into English, AJN, v. 42, no. 3, 1907, pp. 61–66; no. 4, Jan. 1908, pp. 121–128; v. 43, no. 1, Feb., pp. 1–7, illus.; v. 44, no. 1, Jan. 1910, pp. 1–13.
A NY
—— Notice sur les monnaies du Royaume de Siam. Administration des Monnaies et Médailles, Rapport au Ministre des Finances, 6e Année, 1901, pp. 277–284, illus.
Translated into English, AJN, v. 37, no. 2, Oct. 1902, pp. 55–60; no. 3, Jan. 1903, pp. 92–93.
A
—— Notice sur les monnaies et médailles d'Annam. In France. Administration des monnaies et médailles, Rapport au Ministre des Finances, Année 5, 1900, Annexe 29, pp. 123–129.
Translated into English under title "The coins and medals of Annam," AJN, v. 37, no. 3, Jan. 1903, pp. 63–73.
A
Simonds, Louis S., tr., see Casasus, J. D. (no. 112)
Singer, Kurt. The currency of Japan. Economic Journal, v. 46, Jun. 1936, pp. 264–279.
Smith, A. M. Illustrated encyclopaedia of gold and silver coins of the world ... Philadelphia, 1886. 511 pp. illus.
China: pp. 363–369; Japan: pp. 358–362; Siam: p. 370.
A
Smith, D. Elliott. The function of a Chinese cashsword. N, v. 54, no. 4, Apr. 1942, p. 289.
Quotation of paragraph from Doolittle's "Social Life of the Chinese."
A
Smith, OBerlin and Janvier, Henry A. Coining machinery in Chinese mints. Cassier's Magazine, v. 24, no. 1, May 1903, pp. 3–13, illus.
A B NY
Smith, Percy J. The study of Chinese coins. CJ, v. 5, no. 2, Aug. 1926, pp. 58–65, illus.
Reprint: Shanghai, 1926, (25 copies).
A popular survey of coinage to the beginning of the Sung dynasty.
A NY
Smith, R. W. Development of the Chinese knife coin, an outline. N, v. 53, no. 10, Oct. 1940, pp. 694–695.
A
Snell, John A. Chinese copper coins of the twentieth century. N, v. 45, no. 6, Jun. 1932, pp. 364–370, illus.
A
Snowden, James Ross. Certificate of the assays of gold coins of Japan and the United States, made in the presence of the Japanese Embassy. United States. Annual Report of the Director of the Mint, 1859, pp. 39–43.
Sogny, L. Les plaquettes des dignitaires et des mandarins é la cour d'Annam. Bull, des amis du vieux hué, v. 13, no. 3, Jul.–Sept. 1926, pp. 233–479, 19 pls.
A
Sommerville, Maxwell. Siam. On the Meinan from the Gulf to Ayuthia. Philadelphia, 1897, 237 pp. illus.
On pp. 57–59, an account of ticals, and where made.
E
Sonder-Ausstellung von Ménzen und Medaillen aus Porzellan und anderen Keramischen Stoffen. BFM, Jhg. 67, 1932, no. 626, p. 444, illus.
Illustrates four Siamese porcelain tokens.
A
Soong, T. V. see Kung, H. H., no. 426.
Sowerby, Arthur DeCarle. Ancient Chinese coins. CJ, v. 22, no. 1, Jan. 1935, p. 14, illus.
A
—— Art Notes: Ancient Chinese coins. CJ, v. 22, no. 1, Jan. 1935, p. 14, illus.
Note on the Numismatic Society of China.
NY
—— China's currencies, ancient and modern. CJ, v. 18, no. 5, May 1933, pp. 233–237, illus.
Reprint: (25 copies).
A NY
—— Egyptian scarab or Chinese cicada. CJ, v. 11, no. 5, Nov. 1929, p. 236.
See nos. 289 and 552. Further explanatory notes.
NY
—— A mysterious Chinese coin. CJ, v. 24, no. 6, Jun. 1936, p. 343, illus.
Spalding, William F. Eastern exchange, currency and finance. 2nd ed. London, 1918. 385 pp. 7 pls.
Chapter 13: The Empire of Japan, pp. 135–152. Chapter 16: Siam, pp. 179–202. Chapter 21: Hong Kong, pp. 291–309. Chapter 22: China, pp. 310–327. Chapter 23: The silver currency of China, pp. 328–347.
A
Stanton, William. The Triad Society, or heaven and earth association. CRv, v. 21, no. 6, p. 394, illus.
Description and illustrations of three "cash" issued to members of the "Cash Society" as a sign of membership.
B NY
Starr, Frederick. Korean coin charms and amulets. A supplement. TKASJ, v. 8, 1917, pp. 42–79, illus.
Reprint: 1917. A supplement to Ramsden (no. 604).
A B
Stein, Marc Aurel. Ancient Khotan, detailed report of archeological explorations in Chinese Turkestan carried out and described under the orders of H. M. Indian Government. Oxford, 1907.
Coins: pp. 203–206, 575–580.
E NY T
Stent, G. C. tr. A dream concerning a cash. CRv, v. 4, no. 1, Jul. 1875, pp. 18–21.
Translated from the Chinese.
NY T
Strauch, F. Chinesische Rupien met dem Bildnis des Kaiser Kwang Hsé. BMB, v. 27, no. 54, Jun. 1906, pp. 323–324, illus.
A
—— Chinesisches Ménzwesen. BMB, v. 27, no. 51, Mar. 1906, pp. 271–273.
A
Stuart, H. N. Catalogus der munten en amuletten van China, Japan, Coree en Annam, behoorende tot de numismatische verzameling van het Bataviaasch genootschap van kunsten en wetenschappen. Batavia, 1904, 227 pp.
A E LC NY T
Subsidiary coinage regulations, promulgated 19 Jan. 1936. Chinese Economic Journal, v. 18, 1936, pp. 232–233.
T. Derivation of word "Sapéque" NQ, v. 2, no. 3, Mar. 1868, p. 41. A query.
NY T
T., W. H., see no. 174.
Takaki, Masayoshi. History of Japanese paper currency (1868–1890). Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science. Ser. 21, no. 5, May 1903, pp. 213–268.
Reprint: 60 pp.
A NY
Tanaka, Keibun. The joy of collecting old coins. Contemporary Japan, v. 10, no. 1, Jan. 1941, pp. 71–81, illus.
The author is the proprietor of Heisen kan, a private museum of coins and notes.
NY
T'ang Leangli. China's new currency system. Shanghai, 1936, 138 pp. (China Today Series No. 8).
A readable account of the Chinese currency reform of November, 1935, and the events leading thereto.
A B
Tavernier, Jean Baptiste. Les six voyages en Turquie, en Perse, et aux Indes. Paris, 1678, 2 v.
Tavernier's Travels, 1643–1657–1663. London, 1675. Pt. 2, "The figures of the pieces of gold, silver, and copper: and the sorts of shells and almonds that pass for money over all Asia."
E
Temple, Clifton A. Methods used in dating Chinese coins. N, v. 47, no. 6, Jun. 1934, pp. 365–366, illus., chart. Chart of the 76th cycle (1864–1923).
A
Temple, Richard C. Currency and Coinage among the Burmese. IA, v. 26, 1897, pp. 154–161, 197–212, 232–245, 253–265, 281–292, 309–329; v. 27, 1898, pp. 1–21, 29–49, 57–67, 85–91, 115–121, 141–153, 169–178, 197–215, 253–268; v. 48, 1919, pp. 37–42, 49–56, 105–111, 149–159; v. 56, 1927, pp. 205–213; v. 57, 1928, pp. 11–18, 37–45, 90–96, 125–131, 149–153, pls.
A
—— Notes on the development of currency in the Far East. IA, v. 28, 1899, pp. 102–110.
A
—— The obsolete tin currency and money of the Federated Malay States. IA, v. 42, 1913, pp. 85–132, 153–159, 181–185, 209–216, 237–239, 253–254, 273–276; v. 47, 1918, p. 28; v. 50, 1921, p. 248, pls.
Reprint: Bombay, 1914, 75 pp. 7 pls.
A
Thompson, J. Illustrations of China and its People. London, 1873, 4 v.
Review: E. F. Slafter, AJN, v. 10, Jan. 1876, pp. 53–54, under title "Schroffing Dollars."
Thunberg, C. P. Abhandlung von den Ménzorten welche in éltern und neueren Zeiten im Kaiserthum Japon geschlagen worden und ganghar gewesen sind. Stendal, 1784. 46 pp. 8 pls.
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A
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A NY T
—— A strange Chinese coin. CRv, v. 23, no. 1, Jul. 1898, p. 47, illus.
E NY T
—— Unknown cash. CRv, v. 23, no. 1, Jul. 1898, p. 48.
NY T
Tibet, new or recent issues. N, v. 45, no. 7, Jul. 1932, p. 452, illus.
A
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A B E T
Times Correspondent. China's new silver coinage. SNC, v. 14, no. 162, May 1906, col. 9093–9098.
A E NY
Tin and Tin Foil. Chinese Economic Bulletin, no. 185, 6 Sep. 1924, pp. 1–2.
NY
Toda, Ed. Annam and its minor currency. JNChRAS, v. 17, pt. 1, 1882, art. 4, pp. 41–220, illus.
Reprint: Shanghai, Naronha & Sons, 1882. 261 pp. 78 pls. German translation: BMB, v. 4, no. 32/33, Apr.–May 1883, pp. 343–347; no. 36/37, Aug.–Sep. pp. 386–387; v. 7, no. 70, Jun.–Jul. 1886, pp. 662–666; no. 71/72, Jul.–Aug. pp. 678–683; v. 8, no. 85, Sep. 1887, pp. 790–791; no. 87/88, Nov.–Dec. pp. 811–815.
A B E
Tolmachoff, I. P. Had China gold money? N, v. 36, no. 11, Nov. 1923, pp. 517–518, illus.
A
Tomita, Kojiro, see Davis (no. 178).
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BET
Trade dollar in China. The Curiosity Hunter, Rockford, 111. v. 2, no. 3, Mar. 1874, p. 33.
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A CC
Trade dollars at a premium. N, v. 19, no. 12, Dec. 1906, pp. 400–402.
A
Trade dollars of 1884 and 1885. N, v. 25, no. 4, Apr. 1912, p. 129.
Quotation from 14th annual report of the director of the U. S. mint for 1886, stating that 264 proof 1884 Trade Dollars were issued, and that five 1885 Trade Dollars are known.
A
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A
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Contains 1085 items, about half of which are in Russian and the balance in English; a descriptive sentence or two in Russian follows each entry.
Tregaskis, James. A catalogue, with historical notes, explanations and transcriptions of Chinese coins, from the earliest period. London, 1902, 8 pp.
A priced list of Chinese pu, knife, round coins, and charms.
E
Trubner, C., see Martin, L. C. (no. 476).
Tsiang Chungsh'iian. Illustrations of Chinese gold, silver and nickel coins. Shanghai, 1939, 257 pp., illus. cloth. In Chinese and English.
Review: Bowker, CCJ, v. 7, no. 7, Jul. 1940, pp. 213–214.
A B
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Chapt. 4: The development of the monetary and financial system, pp. 209–221; pls. 33–35 (reproduce coins and two mints of the Tokugawa period).
NY
Tsuda, Noritake. Designs of the old Japanese paper money or lucky symbols, Internazionales Archiv fér Ethnographies v. 20, pp. 73–81, 4 pls.
—— Designs on old Japanese paper money. The Japan Magazine, v. 2, 1911, pp. 396–401, illus.
NY
Tsukamoto, Toyojiro. tr. by Saichiro Itami. The old and new coins of Japan. Tokyo, 1930, 210 pp., illus. (150)
A translation of Nihon Kaheishi, originally published in 1923, with added illustrations.
A LC
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A
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A
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A
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A
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Reprint: 95 pp., illus.
A E
—— and Oliver Codrington. On some silver coins of Tibet, including a reprint of T. de Lacouperie's "Silver coinage of Tibet," from the NC 1881. SNC, v. 3, no. 27, col. 1052–1056, Feb. 1895, illus. A
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China: pp. 129–148; Corea: pp. 161–163; Formosa: p. 209; Hong Kong: pp. 266–267; Indo-China: pp. 282–287; Japan: pp. 298–301; Nepal: p. 342; Siam: p. 414.
A
—— Manuel pratique du change des monnaies étrangéres; 6e ed. Paris, 1930. 531 pp. 78 pls.
China: pp. 122–140; Corea: pp. 152–153; Formosa: p. 201; Hong Kong: pp. 249–250; Indo-China: pp. 266–271; Japan: pp. 282–284; Nepal: p. 320; Siam: pp. 381–383.
A
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A report on Chinese monetary reform which also contains a brief account of the currency system of the Netherlands Indies.
A B T
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A B Col E NY LC T
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—— Ring money. N, v. 28, no. 9, Sep. 1915, pp. 316–317, illus.
Illustrations of bronze, ivory, and jade rings attributed to China.
A
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A
Wade, Thomas Francis. Chinese currency and revenue. CRp, v. 16, pp. 273–293.
T
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A T
—— Finance in China. Shanghai, 1914, 503 pp.
On pp. 478–480, taels current in China and the value thereof in terms of kuping and tsaoping taels.
T
Wahlstadt, Axel. Kopparmyntninger i Japan under tiden intill shogunvéldet fall. Svenska Orientséllskapet Arsbok, 1937, pp. 146–176.
Text in Swedish, pp. 146–171; with a summary in English.
Walsh, E. H. The coinage of Nepal. JRAS, v. 40, art. 17, Jul. 1908, pp. 669–759, illus.
Reprint.
A B E
—— The coinage of Nepal: Supplementary note. JRAS, v. 40, Oct. 1908, pp.1132–1136.
Reprint.
A B E
—— The coinage of Tibet. MASB, v. 2, no. 2, 1907, pp. 11–23, illus.
Reprint: Calcutta, 1907.
A B E T
Wang, Chingchun. The new Chinese currency. NAR, v. 192, no. 667, Jun. 1911, pp. 816–830.
A
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A
—— Chinese rebel coinage; notes on those issued between the Ming and Ta Ching dynasties. N, v. 44, no. 5, May 1931, pp. 322–324, illus.
Illustrates and describes 12 varieties.
A
—— Coin charms. N, v. 44, no. 4, Apr. 1931, pp. 252–254.
A
—— Coinage of the Ming dynasty. N, v. 45, no. 3, Mar. 1932, pp. 152–155, illus.
A
—— Coins of the Tartars and Mongols. N, v. 46, no. 5, May 1933, pp. 304–306, illus.
A
—— Common Chinese coins. SNC, v. 32, no. 3/4, Mar.–Apr. 1924, col. 100–107; no. 5/6, May–Jun. col. 196–204, illus.
Reprint: London, 1924, 26 pp., chart.
A AA B
—— Notes on the bronze coinage of the Manchu dynasty. N, v. 41, no. 11, Nov. 1928, pp. 645–652, illus.
A
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A
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A B
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A T
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Reprinted from Harper's Weekly.
A
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Bibliography pp. 462–465, in English.
Reprint: Tokyo, 1909.
A B NY
Weyl, Adolph. Besprechung, Erléuterung und Ergénzung zu 1) Joseph Haas. éber siamesische Ménzen. Numismatische Zeitschrift, Wien. 1880. Seite 458–480. 2) Siamese Coinage by Joseph Haas. Shanghai. 1880; printed at the "Celestial Empire" Office. 8é. 30 Seiten. (In BM, Jhg. 2, 1881, no. 8, pp. 155–156; no. 9, pp. 162–164; no. 11, pp. 177–178).
A
—— Drei-sprachige chinesische Ménzen. BMB, v. 3, no. 20/21, Apr.–May 1882, col. 266–268; no. 22, Jun. col. 273–276, illus.
Reprint: Berlin, 1882, 10 pp., illus.
A E T
—— Die ersten geprégten Ménzen des seit 1863 regierenden Kénigs Tui-Tschy von Korea. BMB, v. 7, no. 65, Jan. 1886, pp. 625–626, illus.
A
—— Gold- und Silber-Ménzen Japans bis auf die Neuzeit. Berlin, 1888, 30 pp., illus.
E
—— Japanischen Kupfer-Sen, im 3. Regierungsjahre des jetzigen Kaisers geprégt. BM, Jhg. 5, no. 47–8, 1884, p. 484, illus.
A
—— Die neuesten Silberménzen von Korea. BMB, v. 6, no. 57, May 1885, col. 559–560, illus.
A
—— Die zweisprachigen (Siamesische-chinesisch) Ménzen von Phattha-Lung in Séd-Siam. BMB, v. 2, no. 129/130, May–Jun. 1891, col. 1149–150, illus.
A
White, Hugh W. The fascination of oriental coinage. N, v. 29, no. 7, Jul. 1916, pp. 313–314, illus.
A
—— The Stewart Lockhart collection of Chinese copper coins. N, v. 30, no. 2, Feb. 1917, p. 62.
A
White, James. The iron money of the Japanese. NC, n. s., v. 20, pt. 2, 1880, pp. 175–176.
A B
White, William Charles. Byzantine coins in China. CJ, v. 15, no. 1, Jul. 1931, pp. 10–12, illus.
Reprint: Shanghai, 1931, 3 pp. (25).
B
Why the automobile appears on a Chinese coin. N, v. 47, no. 1, Jan. 1934, pp. 38–39.
A
Wigmore, J. H. Note on the Eiraku-sen. TASJ, v. 19, pt. 2, May 1891, pp. 501–504.
Reprinted in part in Munro's Coins of Japan, pp. 92–95.
B E NY
Williams, John. Account of a collection of Chinese coins in the possession of W. H. Black, esq. F. S. A., and others in the possession of Captain Archer. NC, n. s. v. 4, 1864, pp. 34–39.
A
—— Account of a deposit found in an ancient Chinese statue of Buddha. NC, n. s., v. 3, 1863, pp. 34–39.
Reprint: London, 1863, 8 pp.
A LC
—— Account of "Kin Ting Tseen Luh," a Chinese work on coins in the library of the Numismatic Society of London. NC, v. 14, 1852, pp. 155–175.
A
—— An epitome of Chinese numismatics. NC, v. 16, 1854, pp. 43–76.
A
—— An example of Chinese paper currency of the Ming dynasty. NC, n. s., v. 4, Dec. 1864, pp. 255–262.
A
—— Notice of three Chinese silver medals. NC, n. s., v. 1, 1861, pp. 241–245, illus.
Description of a Changchow tael struck on a Spanish dollar, a Formosan dollar, and an Annamese coin.
A E
—— Some account of "Tseen Shih Too," a Chinese work on coins, in the Library of the Numismatic Society of London. NC, v. 13, 1850, pp. 143–166, illus.
A B
Williams, Samuel Wells (1812–1884). Chinese commercial guide. Canton, 1856, 4th ed. 376 pp.
Ch. 6: Moneys, weights, and measures in China, sec. 1, Chinese currency, pp. 289–293, illus.
Japan, 301–305 illus.; Cochinchina, 305–307 illus.; Siam, 312–313.
A T
—— The Middle Kingdom, N. Y. 1883, 2 vols. 8é, illus.
Monetary system: v. 2, pp. 83–86.
B E T
—— Paper money among the Chinese: description of a bill, historical notices of the issue of notes. CRp, v. 20, no. 6, Jun. 1851, pp. 289–296.
Reprint: North China Herald, nos. 57 and 65, 30 Aug. and 25 Oct. 1851.
Quotes Klaproth's Mémoires relatifs él'Asie, v. 1, p. 375, relative to the use of paper money by the Mongols.
B T
—— Report in reference to the circulation of dollars in China; necessity of retaining them in the provinces; their weight and standard objectional; precautions against the exportation of sycee silver. CRp, v. 5, no. 9, Jan. 1837, pp. 419–422.
Translation of an official report made by the commissioners of finance and justice in Kwangtung province to the heads of the provincial government.
B T
—— Use of a certain Chinese numismatic work in fixing the chronology of China. Transactions of the Chronological Institute, 1852, v. 1, pt. 1, pp. 57–62.
Reprint: London, 1852, 6 pp. 8é.
E
Williams, Talcott. Silver in China and its relation to Chinese copper coinage. (American Academy of Political and Social Science, Philadelphia, no. 199), 1897, pp. 43–63.
Reprinted from the Annals of the Academy, 18 May 1897.
E
Wily money changers of the Far East. N, v. 28, no. 10, Oct. 1915, pp. 377–378.
A
Winckel, C. P. K. Chinesische Silberménzen in Kashgar geprégt. BMB, v. 5, no. 45, May 1884, p. 460.
Inscribed Kwang Hsu Yen Ch'ien, A. H. 1295.
A
—— Over Siamesche toestanden. Tijdschrift van het indisch aardrijkskundig genootschap. Samarang, 1880, v. 1, no. 2, 11 pp. illus.
Reprint: 29 pp., illus.
E
Wong, Shouch'ien, revised by Tsiang Chungch'iian. Rare Chinese coins. Shanghai, 1935, paper, 104 pp. English text, 24 pp. Chinese text, illus.
A B C
Wood, Howland (1877–1938). Chinese and Japanese collectors. AJN, v. 44, no. 1, Jan. 1910, pp. 35–36.
A
—— The coinage of Siam and its dependencies. AJN, v. 38, no. 1, Jan. 1904, pp. 71–77; no. 4, Apr. pp. 93–98; v. 39, no. 1, Jul. 1904, pp. 8–12, illus.
A E
—— Coinage of the Republic of China. AJN, v. 46, no. 3, Jul. 1912, p. 149.
A
—— The coinage of Tibet. AJN, v. 46, no. 217, Oct. 1912, pp. 164–167, illus.
Reprint: N, v. 26, no. 5, May 1913, pp. 233–238, illus.
A E
—— Coins of the Loo Choo islands. N, v. 16, no. 2, Feb. 1903, pp. 43–44, illus.
A AA
—— Japanese medal on the annexation of Corea. AJN, v. 45, no. 4, Oct. 1911, pp. 193–194.
A
—— Japan's new nickel coinage. CCJ, n. s., v. 1, no. 3, June 1934, p. 68.
A
—— Destruction of the Pei Yang mint. AJN, v. 46, no. 1, Jan. 1912, p. 32.
A
—— Manuscript notes on Chinese coins of Banka, Borneo, Corea; and other miscellaneous notes, pencil drawings of coins, etc.
A
—— The new Chinese dollar, by Franklin Perry (pseud.) CCJ, n. s., v. 1, no. 2, May 1934, p. 39.
A AA
—— New coins of Chi T'ung. CCJ, n. s., v. 4, no. 8, Nov. 1937, p. 183, illus.
A AA
—— Recent faking of Chinese coins at the Chinese mints. N, v. 45, no. 7, Jul. 1932, pp. 425–429, illus.
A AA
—— Recent Siamese coinage. CCJ, n. s., v. 1, no. 5, May 1934, p. 34.
A AA
—— The so-called "hat money" of Pahang. N, v. 17, no. 5, May 1904, pp. 142–144, illus.
Partial translation in French in BN, v. 11, no. 4, Jul.–Aug. 1904, pp. 50–53, illus.
A
—— Some notes on the debasing of the silver currency in China. N, v. 18, no. 3, Mar. 1905, pp. 71–73.
A AA
—— Some remarks on a series of coins issued in China based on the British-Indian rupee. AJN, v. 41, no. 2, Oct. 1906, pp. 29–31, illus.
A translation of an article by F. Strauch from BMB, Jun. 1906, see no. 768.
A
—— Three Japanese medals. AJN, v. 44, no. 4, Oct. 1910, pp. 168–171, pl.
A
—— Two additional pieces of Pahang. N, v. 18, no. 1, Jan. 1905, pp. 15–16, illus.
A
—— Two recent Chinese dollars. AJN, v. 46, no. 4, Oct. 1912, p. 184, illus.
A
—— The use of silver in the Kingdom of Annam. EM, v. 1, no. 7, Sep. 1906, pp. 8–11.
A
Woodruff, F. E. China's defective currency. (Chinese Maritime Customs. II, Special series no. 21), Shanghai, 1897, Statistical Department of the Inspectorate General of Customs.
—— The coins of Shanghai, an unwritten chapter in the history of the "Capital of the Far East." CJ, v. 27, no. 2, Aug. 1937, pp. 64–78, illus.
Reprint: Bulletin of the Numismatic Society of China, no. 3, 15 pp., illus.
A B
Woodward, Alfonse Marie Tracey. A gold coin of the Ming dynasty. NCR, v. 3, no. 4, Aug. 1921, pp. 273–280, illus.
A B
—— The influence of Yéan Shi-kai on Chinese coins. NCR, v. 4, no. 2, Apr. 1922, pp. 98–105, illus.
Reprint: 8 pp., illus. (edition of 50).
A B
—— Minted Shantung Coins. NCR, v. 6, no. 4, Aug. 1922, pp. 320–328, illus.
Reprint: 9 pp., illus.
A B
—— The minted ten-cash coins of China. CJSA, v. 4, no. 5, May 1926; v. 5, nos. 1, 3, 5, Jul., Sep., Nov.; CJ, v. 6, nos. 1, 4, Jan., Apr. 1927; v. 7, no. 1, Jul. 1927; v. 9, nos. 2, 5, Aug., Nov. 1928; v. 11, no. 3, Sep. 1929; v. 13, no. 2, Aug. 1930; v. 14, no. 2, Feb. 1931; v. 15, no. 2, Aug. 1931; v. 19, nos. 4, 6, Oct., Dec., 1933; v. 22, no. 1, Jan. 1935; v. 23, nos. 4, 6, Oct., Dec. 1935, illus.
Reprint: 1936, 152 pp., illus. (edition of 95).
A B C
—— The Nyi Tsye-ch'ung medallions of Anhui. NCR, v. 4, no. 1, Feb. 1922, pp. 20–22, illus.
Reprint: 3 pp., illus. (50 copies).
A B
—— On Mexican dollars. NCR, v. 3, no. Dec. 1921, pp. 414–422.
A B
—— T'ang Chi-yao coins. NCR, v. 3, no. 3, Jun. 1921, pp. 229–232, illus.
Reprint: 4 pp., illus. (50 copies).
A B
World's oldest bank note. N, v. 43, no. 7, Jul. 1930, p. 437.
Reprinted from McClintock's Magazine. Erroneous statement that a paper note in the Asiatic Museum at Leningrad was issued 1399 B. C.
A
Wylie, Alexander. Ancient inscriptions in Chinese and Mongol. On an ancient inscription in Chinese and Mongol, from a stone tablet at Shanghai. TChRAS, Hongkong, 1855, pt. 5, art. 3, pp. 65–81, illus.
On pp. 70–72 transcriptions in Chinese of Mongol (Baschpa) characters found on coins of the Yuan dynasty of the reign of Tohan Timur, A.D. 1333–1367.
NY T
—— Coins of the Ta-Ts'ing, or present dynasty of China. JSLSS, v. 1, 1858, art. 3, pp. 44–102, illus., color pl.
Abridged without illustrations in Doolittle's Vocabulary and Handbook of the Chinese language, v. 2, pp. 615–617.
For appendix to "Hien Fung" period see Kirkwood (No. 406).
A B C E T
—— Notes on Chinese literature: with introductory remarks on the progressive advancement of the art; and a list of translations from the Chinese into various European languages.
Works on coinage: 1st ed. Shanghai, 1867; 2d ed. Shanghai, 1902, pp. 146–148; 3d ed. Shanghai, 1922; 4th ed. Shanghai, 1939, pp. 117–118 (300).
E
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Additional information regarding coins mentioned in Lister's The Schroff's Mystery, see no. 462; and "X", see no. 901.
B NY
X. Unknown Chinese cash. CRv, v. 1, no. 4, Jan. 1873, p. 273. Query answered by Bushell, see no. 88; and Wylie, see no. 900.
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Yamagata, O., see Koga, Y. (no. 422).
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Reprinted from The Book of Ser Marco Polo.
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Yule, Henry and Burnell, A. C. Hobson-Jobson, a glossary of colloquial Anglo-Indian words and phrases, and of kindred terms, etymological, historical, geographical and discursive; new ed. by William Crooke. London, 1903. 1021 pp.
See Cash, Shoe of gold, Tael, Kobang, Tical.
A
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A
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Cochinchine franéaise: pp. 37, 116–119. Indo-Chine franéaise: pp. 37–38, 120–121.
Supplement. 1904. 26 pp. Cochinchine and Indo-Chine: pp. 9–10.
A
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A

DEALERS' CATALOGUES

In the following list there have been included, with but few exceptions, only those catalogues of American and European dealers with photographic illustrations of material falling within the scope of the bibliography. The serial numbers are preceded by the letter "C" to distinguish them from the numbers of the main bibliography in the subject-index.

C1. Adams, G. C. J. A. Campbell and Wun Hi Gin Colls. N.Y., July 13, 1906. Lots 348–894.

C2. —— H. P. Macoy Coll. N. Y., Oct. 9, 1906. Lots 251–436.

C3. American Art Assoc. G. P. Morosini Coll. N. Y., Oct. 10, 1932. Lots 282–83, 294–337 (11 lots illus.).

C4. Ball, R. Berlin, Dec. 5, 1932. Lots 1542–44, 1562–68 (6 lots illus.).

C5. Bluestone, B. Syracuse, N. Y., Oct. 7, 1938. Lot 1440 (illus.).

C6. —— Syracuse, N. Y., April 15, 1939. Lots 910, 991–99 (3 lots illus.).

C7. Bourgey, E. A. Salles Coll. Paris, July 1, 1929, Lots 103–248 (14 lots illus.).

C8. Canessa C. and E. Enrico Caruso Coll. Naples, June 28, 1923. Lot 1337 (illus.).

C9. Chapman, H. G. H. Earle Coll. Phila. June 25, 1912. Lots 714, 1700–08, 1711–13, 1718–24 (1 lot illus.).

C10. —— C. S. Bement Coll. Phila., May 29, 1916. Lots 741–3, 752–4, 759 (1 lot illus.).

C11. —— J. S. Jenks Coll. Phila., Dec. 7, 1921. Lots 5191, 5234–60, 5272–88 (2 lots illus).

C12. Ciani, M. L. M. Chatillon. Paris, May 24, 1933. Lots 1013–99 (40 lots illus.).

C13. Cogan, E. N. Y., April 3, 1871. Lots 1602–07 (1 lot illus.).

C14. Cubasch, H. Vienna, July 3, 1894. Lots 2230–2314.

C15. Elder, T. J. B. Wilson Coll. N. Y., Oct. 5, 1908. Lots 1351–68, 1373, 1382–90 (14 lots illus.).

C16. —— N. Y., Jan. 25, 1918. Lots 714, 927–30 (2 lots illus.).

C17. —— N. Y., April 30, 1920. Lots 411–22, 559–615 (7 lots illus.).

C18. —— N. Y., Feb. 23, 1921. Lots 149–57 (1 lot illus.).

C19. Frossard, E. N. Y., Nov. 25, 1882. Lot 408 (illus.).

C20. —— N. Y., March 14, 1884. Lots 252–7 (3 lots illus.).

C21. —— N. Y., July 16, 1885. Lots 156–211, 226–338, 341 (17 lots illus.)

C22. Glendining and Co. London, May 27, 1936. Lots 353–59 (5 lots illus.).

C23. —— London, June 16, 1937. Lots 249–67.

C24. —— Comencini Coll. London, May 24, 1938. Lots 101–48.

C25. —— London, Oct. 26, 1938. Lots 327–36, 343–48 (7 lots illus.).

C26. Grabow, L. Ménzensammlung ... eines norddeutschen Férstenhauses. Rostock i. Meckl., June 25, 1934. 2586–2675 (16 lots illus.).

C27. —— Sammlung L. U. Sch. Rostock, July 26, 1939. Lots 2065–67, 2193–2206, 2331–34 (7 lots illus.).

C28. Haseltine, J. W. S. W. Chubbuck Coll. N. Y., Feb. 25, 1873. Lots 231–44, 246–58 (2 lots illus.).

C29. Hess, A. Luzern, Nov. 24, 1937. Lots 696–97, 701–02 (2 lots illus.).

C30. Holmberg, D. Samling Platmynt. Stockholm, June 7, 1928. Lots 351–415 (3 lots illus.).

C31. Kobayagawa, Jun, Co. (H. A. Ramsden, Gen. Mgr.) Tokyo. Circulars and fixed price lists of this firm contain much descriptive and illustrative material on Chinese and Japanese numismatics.

C32. Low, L. H. W. Cutting Coll. N. Y., May 23, Lots 502–552 (4 lots illus.).

C33. —— H. Kingman Coll. N. Y., Nov. 8, Lots 1–305 (29 lots illus.).

C34. Morgenthau, J. C., and Co. P. Houo-Ming-Tse Coll. N. Y., May 12, 1932. Lots 7–12, 63 (1 lot illus.).

C35. —— N. Y., June 9, 1937. Lot 422 (illus.).

C36. —— W. Newcomer Coll. N. Y., Feb. 23, 1939. Lots 4–12, 139–40, 268–76, 335–36 (8 lots illus.).

C37. Platt, C . V. Luneau Coll., pt. 3. Paris, Feb. 5, 1923. Lots 1140–44 (2 lots illus.).

C38. Ratto, M . M. B. Coll. Paris, June 23, 1932. Lots 314–21 (1 lot illus.).

C39. Raymond, W . N. Y., Jan. 31, 1939. Lots 533–34, 573–76 (1 lot illus.).

C40. —— N. Y., March 21, 1939. Lots 282–94, 307–09, 336, 521–23, 547 (3 lots illus.).

C41. —— N. Y., April 25, 1939. Lots 161–235, 253–57 (26 lots illus.).

C42. —— N. Y., Dec. 19, 1939. Lots 4–5, 75–8 (2 lots illus.).

C43. Renz, R. H. and Williams, T . Detroit, June 14, 1939. Lot 423 (illus.).

C44. Schlessinger, F. Fixed Pr. Cat. no. 8. Berlin-Charlottenburg, April, 1931. Lots 2033–2047, 2159–62, 2164 (8 lots illus.).

C45. Schulman, J. V. Bergsée Coll., Pt. 1. Amsterdam, April 14, 1903. Lots 765–940, 994–1350 (47 lots illus.).

C46. —— W. King Coll., Pt. 4. Amsterdam, Dec. 18, 1905. Lots 6130–6215.

C47. —— Amsterdam, April 22, 1907. Lots 8–12 (3 lots illus.).

C48. —— Amsterdam, May 5, 1908. Lots 399–400, 402, 412–14, 447–96 (3 lots illus.).

C49. —— Amsterdam, Jan. 12, 1913. Lots 1785–86 (1 lot illus.).

C50. —— Lord Grantley Coll. Amsterdam, Dec. 12, 1921. Lots 1490–1512.

C51. —— A. Lager man Coll. Amsterdam, July 6, 1922. Lots 1407–08, 1418–36, 1461–65, 1481–93 (5 lots illus.).

C52. —— Amsterdam, Feb. 4, 1925. Lots 408–489 (4 lots illus.).

C53. —— Amsterdam, May 22, 1928. Lots 180–82, 525–44, 552–83, 1140–42, 1147–53 (9 lots illus.).

C54. —— O. Leonardos Coll. Amsterdam, Jan. 24, 1929. Lots 801–09 (1 lot illus.).

C55. —— Amsterdam, May 28, 1929. Lots 287, 291–4, 1061–71, 1080–1108 (2 lots illus.).

C56. —— Comte de L. Coll. Amsterdam, May 30, 1929. Lots 657–59 (1 lot illus.).

C57. —— Amsterdam, Jan. 19, 1931. Lots 1415–46, 1466–69 (15 lots illus.).

C58. —— Amsterdam, March 30, 1936. Lots 588–92, 596–97 599 (7 lots illus.).

C59. —— Amsterdam, June 9, 1936. Lots 662–65 (1 lot illus.).

C60. —— Amsterdam, April 24, 1937. Lots 663–76 (13 lots illus.).

C61. Amsterdam, Oct. 25, 1937. Lots 114–16; 126–31, 164–65 (5 lots illus.).

C62. Schulman, Jacques. The Hague, June 12, 1939. Lots 348, 376–81, 653–55 (2 lots illus.).

C63. Scott and Co. N. Y., Oct. 27, 1879. Lots 328–70, 380–436 (4 lots illus.).

C64. —— G. Blake Coll. N. Y., Oct. 10, 1881. Lots 256–415 (illus. passim).

C65. —— H. Kingman Coll. N. Y., May 31, 1894. Lots 1–117 (5 lots illus.).

C66. Stack's. N. Y., June 3 and 10, 1939. Lots 1789–90, 1792–94 (2 lots illus.).

C67. —— N. Y., June 4, 1940. Lots 719–23, 728–53, 821–24 (11 lots illus.).

C68. Tregaskis, J. London. Fixed Pr. Cat. no. 505, 1902. 200 lots. 8 pp.

C69. Weyl, A. Berlin, June 9, 1879, Lots 2663–2704 (2 lots illus.).

C70. —— Jules Fonrobert Coll. Berlin, Jan. 14, 1879. Lots 936–23C9 (3 lots illus.).

C71. Woodward, W. E. J. Doolittle Coll. N. Y., June 22, 1881. Lots 1425–39 (2 lots illus.).


SUBJECT INDEX

Numerals preceded by the letter "C" refer to items in the list of dealers' catalogues on pp. 134–9; all others refer to entries in the main bibliography.

Amulets: 6, 7, 8, 29, 40, 45, 121, 162, 165, 176, 256, 304, 305, 322, 326, 354, 372, 377, 424, 464, 466, 484, 498, 595, 596, 604, 621, 626, 642, 743, 764, 765, 827.— C1, C2, C17, C33, C45, C47, C51, C52, C65, C68.

Annam and Cochin-China: 32, 49a, 69, 119, 120, 157, 230, 264, 288, 332, 333, 437, 464, 518, 600, 620, 724, 725, 743, 746, 755, 770, 791, 803, 804, 809, 810, 833, 855, 886, 909.—C1, C2, C6, C7, C9, C10, C16, C17, C20, C21, C22, C25, C28, C29, C30, C36, C37, C38, C39, C42, C46, C48, C50, C52, C53, C54, C55, C56, C57, C58, C60, C61, C64, C67, C68, C69, C70.

Books and Bibliographies: 54, 55, 87, 143, 159, 245, 257, 402, 461, 541, 674, 798, 836, 852, 856, 899.

Burma: 7783.—C8, C70.

Cambodia: C9, C12, C7, C15, C21, C25, C28, C32, C46, C50, C54, C67, C70.

China, ancient (odd shapes): 2, 14, 38, 75, 113, 158, 160, 169, 190, 269, 277, 279, 289, 300, 304a, 311, 324, 326, 327, 353, 373, 374, 397, 429, 431, 433, 443, 464, 466, 469, 505, 507, 530, 533, 537, 552, 580, 582, 583, 584, 585, 586, 587, 594, 611, 612, 613, 623, 628, 629, 640, 647, 648, 650, 653, 657, 673, 677, 684, 700, 706, 715, 718, 721, 727, 740, 752, 758, 761, 815, 904.— C1, C2, C6, C31, C32, C33, C34, C41, C51, C65.

China, Ching Dynasty: 4, 21, 31, 61, 64, 73, 80, 85, 89, 94, 104, 107, 135, 160, 161, 181, 226, 237, 244, 247, 272, 281, 286, 297, 320, 326, 327, 348, 352, 404, 406, 407, 464, 466, 489, 558, 615, 661, 684, 685, 690, 696, 697, 772, 777, 784, 830, 831, 838, 898.

China, foreign occupation: 659.

China, general: 6, 10, 11, 13, 27, 30, 46, 49a, 50, 67, 70, 72, 113, 118, 119, 120, 122, 125, 127, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 141a, 142, 148, 149, 154, 156, 157, 160, 163, 178, 184, 187, 188, 195, 206, 207, 210, 213, 217, 218, 221, 222, 225, 229, 230, 241, 254, 258, 264, 270, 271, 273, 277, 282, 290, 293, 297, 300, 302, 304a, 309, 310, 313, 321, 326, 327, 334, 335, 337, 339, 340, 371, 372, 379, 383, 385, 390, 393, 395, 399, 405, 417a, 429, 436, 440, 446, 447, 449, 455, 464, 466, 468, 469, 473, 481, 485, 490, 494, 495, 496, 500, 501, 505, 506, 507, 508, 510, 513, 517, 518, 533, 536, 537, 538, 539, 549, 559, 566, 568, 570, 614, 616, 618, 640, 643, 663, 671, 681, 684, 686, 688, 693, 698, 699, 702, 705, 706, 707, 708, 710, 711, 718, 719, 720, 725, 741, 748, 749, 760, 763, 766, 767, 769, 770, 776, 788, 793, 804, 805, 809, 810, 813, 825, 832, 833, 836, 844, 853, 857, 858, 861, 907.—C1, C2, C6, C9, C10, C11, C13, C14, C15, C17, C19, C23, C24, C25, C26, C27, C28, C30, C31, C32, C33, C34, C35, C38, C40, C41, C42, C44, C45, C46, C48, C50, C51, C52, C53, C54, C57, C58, C60, C61, C62, C64, C65, C66, C67, C68, C70, C71.

China, gold: 278, 365, 381, 384, 465, 682, 709, 792, 800, 866, 889, 890—C23, C38.

China, Ming dynasty: 78, 93, 160, 281, 297, 312, 326, 464, 466, 470, 474, 672, 684, 828, 889.

China, modern, struck in other metals: 3, 47, 160, 185, 223, 332, 381, 457, 466, 520, 528, 545, 603, 627, 630, 635, 658, 682, 729, 753, 771, 803, 866, 869, 877, 891, 892.

China, monetary system: 9, 16, 17, 36, 62, 110, 116, 127, 172, 173, 175, 185, 216, 223, 235, 241, 242, 243, 248, 250, 252, 253, 255, 296, 325, 356, 366, 367, 381, 391, 398, 399, 426, 448, 456, 459, 460, 500, 514, 553, 564, 681, 775, 789, 798, 812, 817, 818, 819, 824, 834, 835, 862, 905.

China, pre-Sung: 1, 34, 53, 113, 160, 205, 200, 208, 277, 281, 282, 297, 300, 326, 327, 375, 429, 430, 464, 466, 469, 507, 550, 601, 679, 683, 751.

China, Rebel coinage:1 26, 160, 297, 326, 357, 464, 466, 472, 561, 826.

China, siege-pieces: 471.

China, silver: 20, 42, 58, 62, 63, 124, 128, 129, 139, 141, 144, 160, 167, 185, 186, 196, 197, 220, 223, 236, 252, 263, 378, 381, 382, 389, 417a, 448, 458, 459, 476, 478, 493, 497, 522, 524, 526, 529, 540, 544, 545, 578, 635, 649, 660, 667, 670, 682, 683, 722, 728, 730, 742, 763, 781, 789, 800, 814, 848, 855, 860, 866, 869, 876, 881, 885, 888, 890, 893, 895, 900.

China, Soviet coinages: 260, 261, 262, 577, 800.—C41, C42, C66.

China, Sung dynasty: 69, 160, 224, 281, 297, 314, 326, 329, 464, 466, 549, 565, 684.

China, Wang Mang: 38, 74, 101, 113, 160, 277, 281, 287, 326, 403, 429, 431, 464, 466, 684, 717.

China, Yuan dynasty: 52, 146, 160, 202, 203, 204, 281, 297, 326, 464, 466, 568, 684, 716, 829, 897.

Collections: 13, 44, 45, 114, 124, 132, 153, 155, 157, 170, 211, 215, 280, 285, 297, 336, 393a, 401, 408, 420, 441, 444, 463, 464, 466, 535, 559, 560, 563, 641, 650, 662, 674, 698, 699, 774, 845, 850— See also list on pp. 134–9.

Corea : 71, 119, 120, 155, 156, 157, 161, 164, 212, 219, 264, 276, 332, 341, 349, 400, 419, 464, 516, 518, 606, 619, 634, 656, 663, 691, 701, 725, 735, 765, 770, 804, 809, 810, 833, 839, 842, 875, 907— C1, C2, C9, C46, C51, C53, C67, C68.

Counterfeits and forgeries: 51, 183, 220, 246, 303, 502, 504, 569, 579, 666, 670, 709, 741, 878.

Cowries: 18, 34, 102, 166, 168, 239, 251, 283, 284, 306, 354, 417, 417a, 432, 433, 533, 534, 571, 581, 608, 609, 610, 654, 723, 776.—C38, C41.

Decorations, China : 145, 542.

Decorations, Corea: 605.

Decorations, Japan: 81, 622, 638, 903.

Decorations, Manchukuo : 480a.

Decorations, Nepal : 108.

Decorations, Siam : 664.

Finds of Roman and Byzantine coins in China: 53, 86, 105, 205, 847.

Formosa : 156, 177, 540, 569, 645, 809, 810, 855.—C9, C11, C54, C66.

Hong Kong : 22, 115, 264, 274, 316, 332, 344, 386, 532, 663, 722, 763, 804, 809, 810.

Indo-China: C7, C37, C39, C55.

Japan: 5, 23, 119, 120, 156, 157, 174, 182, 183, 213, 216, 227, 264, 301, 3C4, 316, 319, 332, 350, 358, 360, 362, 409, 417a, 420, 428, 439, 440, 446, 464, 479, 486, 487, 488, 494, 509, 510a, 511, 525, 531, 543, 553, 556, 560, 573, 574, 575, 576, 599, 617, 632, 633, 637, 639, 663, 669, 692, 725, 747, 748, 763, 770, 782, 797, 800a, 801, 801a, 802, 804, 807, 809, 810, 833, 841, 867, 873, 907, 908.—C2, C3, C4, C5, C6, C8, C9, C10, C11, C12, C13, C14, C15, C16, C17, C18, C21, C26, C27, C28, C29, C30, C33, C36, C38, C39, C40, C43, C45, C46, C48, C50, C51, C52, C53, C56, C58, C59, C60, C61, C62, C63, C64, C66, C67, C70, C71.

Japan, cash: 59, 60, 69, 79, 268, 509, 518, 567, 625, 802, 816, 820, 833, 846, 849.

Japan, gold: 218, 294, 417a, 479, 480, 509, 694, 731, 802, 840—C3, C5, C6, C8, C16, C38. C43.

Japan, modem struck coins: 156, 330, 423, 509, 573, 574, 575, 802, 902.

Japan, silver: 156, 198, 218, 294, 347, 509, 731, 802, 840—C36, C38, C63.

Japan, tokens of: 556.

Java: C11, C47.

Kiaochow: 663.

Loo Choo Islands: 509, 871.—C2.

Malaysia: 82, 83, 328, 515, 679, 780, 880, 884.—C21, C32, C51, C55.

Medals, China : 48, 52, 76, 323, 484, 485, 542.

Medals, Corea: 605, 872.

Medals, Japan : 304, 359, 363, 364, 418, 602, 636, 638, 872, 883.

Medals, Manchukuo : 480a.

Mexican and other Trade Dollars: 19, 43, 51, 112, 117, 144, 266, 291, 303, 315, 343, 344, 345, 346, 347, 362, 378, 381, 386, 422, 462, 482, 497, 527, 529, 579, 794, 795, 796, 894, 902, 910.

Mints: 98, 151, 187, 192, 214, 341, 385, 419, 545, 733, 750, 811, 874.

Nepal: 24, 194, 663, 809, 810, 821, 822.—C49, C53, C55, C67.

Paper money, China: 15, 35, 37, 41, 68, 88, 106, 111, 130, 138, 179, 180, 193, 228, 232, 233, 240, 245, 246, 267, 318, 339, 340, 348, 351, 380, 387, 388, 411, 412, 413, 417a, 425, 426, 427, 434, 438, 445, 450, 464, 468, 474, 475, 492, 500, 503, 547, 548, 551, 588, 589, 590, 591, 592, 597, 598, 631, 644, 646, 651, 678, 689, 712, 726, 726a, 734, 739, 813, 851, 854, 859, 896, 906.— C14.

Paper money, Formosa: 177, 645.

Paper money, funerary: 123, 150, 342, 369, 370, 499, 607, 687, 732.—C11.

Paper money, Japan : 275, 338, 392, 572, 607, 624, 773, 790, 801.—C14, C31.

Paper money, Siam: 546.

Paper money, Soviet: 577.

Siam: 25, 56, 57, 65, 66, 77, 109, 152, 157, 191, 216, 234, 264, 280, 298, 299, 316, 376, 414, 415, 416, 417, 442, 451, 452, 453, 454, 467, 467a, 512, 521, 523, 546, 555, 557, 562, 652, 663, 668, 701, 704, 713, 736, 737, 738, 745, 746, 748, 756, 757, 758, 759, 760, 761, 762, 804, 809, 810, 837, 843, 865, 868, 879.—C2, C3, C4, C7, C9, C10, C12, C15, C21, C26, C27, C30, C38, C40, C41, C44, C45, C46, C48, C50, C51, C52, C53, C54, C55, C57, C59, C62, C64, C67, C70, C71.

Siberia: 199.

Sycee: 28, 39, 167, 243, 331, 355, 378, 391, 394, 415, 446, 462, 491, 495, 497, 500, 665, 675, 725, 819, 905—C6, C26, C46.

Tangut: 95, 96, 97, 100, 189, 201, 655.

Tibet: 28a, 50, 91, 92, 140, 171, 265, 317, 435, 477, 663, 676, 725, 768, 787, 808, 823, 882, 870—C36, C44, C50, C51, C55, C62, C67.

Tonkin: 663.

Turkestan: 12, 58, 98, 99, 800, 806, 836, 864.—C11, C51, C61.