Note: imitation, apparently Carolingian from the period of Charlemagne. This coin has been attributed to Offa of Mercia (by someone), but as Brady says, this "is wishful thinking." It does not have Offa's name, or any other evidence of European origin except for the features remarked by Ilisch, such as the dots folowing the 'm' of "bism Allah". However, see Wood-Allan correspondence, 1931 in MLB 5x8 file under Abbasids--general; they see the coin as irregular, with features, such as the border of dots, that point to Western manufacture. Allan sent a cast of BMC 24 which is similar. Both note the yellowish gold and smooth surface. Note the weight, which is that of the Ottoman altun, suggesting modern manufacture.Specific gravity 16.28 (measured by Robert Hoge, 25/2/2003).